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  Subjects -> STATISTICS (Total: 132 journals)
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Metrika    [3 followers]  Follow    
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1435-926X - ISSN (Online) 0026-1335
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2187 journals]   [SJR: 0.839]   [H-I: 22]
  • M-estimators for single-index model using B-spline
    • Abstract: The single-index model is an important tool in multivariate nonparametric regression. This paper deals with M-estimators for the single-index model. Unlike the existing M-estimator for the single-index model, the unknown link function is approximated by B-spline and M-estimators for the parameter and the nonparametric component are obtained in one step. The proposed M-estimator of unknown function is shown to attain the convergence rate as that of the optimal global rate of convergence of estimators for nonparametric regression according to Stone (Ann Stat 8:1348–1360, 1980; Ann Stat 10:1040–1053, 1982), and the M-estimator of parameter is $\sqrt{n}$ -consistent and asymptotically normal. A small sample simulation study showed that the M-estimators proposed in this paper are robust. An application to real data illustrates the estimator’s usefulness.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       
  • Simple alternatives for Box–Cox transformations
    • Abstract: Simple transformations are given for reducing/stabilizing bias, skewness and kurtosis, including the first such transformations for kurtosis. The transformations are based on cumulant expansions and the effect of transformations on their main coefficients. The proposed transformations are compared to the most traditional Box–Cox transformations. They are shown to be more efficient.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       
  • A new privacy-protecting survey design for multichotomous sensitive
           variables
    • Abstract: In this paper, we propose the diagonal model (DM), a survey technique for multicategorical sensitive variables. The DM is a nonrandomized response method; that is, the DM avoids the use of any randomization device. Thus, both survey complexity and study costs are reduced. The DM does not require that at least one outcome of the sensitive variable is nonsensitive. Thus, the model can even be applied to characteristics like income which are sensitive as a whole. We describe the maximum likelihood estimation for the distribution of the sensitive variable and show that the EM algorithm is beneficial to calculate the estimates. Subsequently, we present asymptotic as well as bootstrap confidence intervals. Applying properties of circulant matrices, we show the connection between efficiency loss and the degree of privacy protection (DPP). Here, we prove that the efficiency loss has a lower bound that depends on the DPP. Moreover, for any desired DPP, we derive model parameters that ensure the largest possible efficiency.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       
  • Cuboidal dice and Gibbs distributions
    • Abstract: What are the face-probabilities of a cuboidal die, i.e. a die with different side-lengths? This paper introduces a model for these probabilities based on a Gibbs distribution. Experimental data produced in this work and drawn from the literature support the Gibbs model. The experiments also reveal that the physical conditions, such as the quality of the surface onto which the dice are dropped, can affect the face-probabilities. In the Gibbs model, those variations are condensed in a single parameter, adjustable to the physical conditions.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       
  • Functional partially linear quantile regression model
    • Abstract: This paper considers estimation of a functional partially quantile regression model whose parameters include the infinite dimensional function as well as the slope parameters. We show asymptotical normality of the estimator of the finite dimensional parameter, and derive the rate of convergence of the estimator of the infinite dimensional slope function. In addition, we show the rate of the mean squared prediction error for the proposed estimator. A simulation study is provided to illustrate the numerical performance of the resulting estimators.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       

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    -value
           
    • Abstract: Let $\mathcal{M }_{\underline{i}}$ be an exponential family of densities on $[0,1]$ pertaining to a vector of orthonormal functions $b_{\underline{i}}=(b_{i_1}(x),\ldots ,b_{i_p}(x))^\mathbf{T}$ and consider a problem of estimating a density $f$ belonging to such family for unknown set ${\underline{i}}\subset \{1,2,\ldots ,m\}$ , based on a random sample $X_1,\ldots ,X_n$ . Pokarowski and Mielniczuk (2011) introduced model selection criteria in a general setting based on p-values of likelihood ratio statistic for $H_0: f\in \mathcal{M }_0$ versus $H_1: f\in \mathcal{M }_{\underline{i}}\setminus \mathcal{M }_0$ , where $\mathcal{M }_0$ is the minimal model. In the paper we study consistency of these model selection criteria when the number of the models is allowed to increase with a sample size and $f$ ultimately belongs to one of them. The results are then generalized to the case when the logarithm of $f$ has infinite expansion with respect to $(b_i(\cdot ))_1^\infty $ . Moreover, it is shown how the results can be applied to study convergence rates of ensuing post-model-selection estimators of the density with respect to Kullback–Leibler distance. We also present results of simulation study comparing small sample performance of the discussed selection criteria and the post-model-selection estimators with analogous entities based on Schwarz’s rule as well as their greedy counterparts.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       
  • Generalized Bayes minimax estimators of location vectors for spherically
           symmetric distributions with residual vector
    • Abstract: We consider estimation of the mean vector, $\theta $ , of a spherically symmetric distribution with known scale parameter under quadratic loss and when a residual vector is available. We show minimaxity of generalized Bayes estimators corresponding to superharmonic priors with a non decreasing Laplacian of the form $\pi (\Vert \theta \Vert ^{2})$ , under certain conditions on the generating function $f(\cdot )$ of the sampling distributions. The class of sampling distributions includes certain variance mixtures of normals.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01
       
  • A necessary and sufficient condition for justifying non-parametric
           likelihood with censored data
    • Abstract: The non-parametric likelihood L(F) for censored data, including univariate or multivariate right-censored, doubly-censored, interval-censored, or masked competing risks data, is proposed by Peto (Appl Stat 22:86–91, 1973). It does not involve censoring distributions. In the literature, several noninformative conditions are proposed to justify L(F) so that the GMLE can be consistent (see, for examples, Self and Grossman in Biometrics 42:521–530 1986, or Oller et al. in Can J Stat 32:315–326, 2004). We present the necessary and sufficient (N&S) condition so that $L(F)$ is equivalent to the full likelihood under the non-parametric set-up. The statement is false under the parametric set-up. Our condition is slightly different from the noninformative conditions in the literature. We present two applications to our cancer research data that satisfy the N&S condition but has dependent censoring.
      PubDate: 2014-01-19
       
  • Characterizations of bivariate distributions using concomitants of record
           values
    • Abstract: In this paper, we consider a family of bivariate distributions which is a generalization of the Morgenstern family of bivariate distributions. We have derived some properties of concomitants of record values which characterize this generalized class of distributions. The role of concomitants of record values in the unique determination of the parent bivariate distribution has been established. We have also derived properties of concomitants of record values which characterize each of the following families viz Morgenstern family, bivariate Pareto family and a generalized Gumbel’s family of bivariate distributions. Some applications of the characterization results are discussed and important conclusions based on the characterization results are drawn.
      PubDate: 2013-12-23
       
  • Empirical likelihood for high-dimensional linear regression models
    • Abstract: High-dimensional data are becoming prevalent, and many new methodologies and accompanying theories for high-dimensional data analysis have emerged in response. Empirical likelihood, as a classical nonparametric method of statistical inference, has proved to possess many good features. In this paper, our focus is to investigate the asymptotic behavior of empirical likelihood for regression coefficients in high-dimensional linear models. We give regularity conditions under which the standard normal calibration of empirical likelihood is valid in high dimensions. Both random and fixed designs are considered. Simulation studies are conducted to check the finite sample performance.
      PubDate: 2013-12-22
       
  • Asymptotic behavior of the hazard rate in systems based on sequential
           order statistics
    • Abstract: The limiting behavior of the hazard rate of coherent systems based on sequential order statistics is examined. Related results for the survival function of the system lifetime are also considered. For deriving the results, properties of limits involving a relevation transform are studied in detail. Then, limits of characteristics in sequential $k$ -out-of- $n$ systems and general coherent systems with failure-dependent components are obtained. Applications to the comparison of different systems based on their long run behavior and to limits of coefficients in a signature-based representation of the residual system lifetime are given.
      PubDate: 2013-12-15
       
  • Unlacing hypercube percolation: a survey
    • Abstract: The purpose of this note is twofold. First, we survey the study of the percolation phase transition on the Hamming hypercube $\{0,1\}^{m}$ obtained in the series of papers (Borgs et al. in Random Struct Algorithms 27:137–184, 2005; Borgs et al. in Ann Probab 33:1886–1944, 2005; Borgs et al. in Combinatorica 26:395–410, 2006; van der Hofstad and Nachmias in Hypercube percolation, Preprint 2012). Secondly, we explain how this study can be performed without the use of the so-called “lace expansion” technique. To that aim, we provide a novel simple proof that the triangle condition holds at the critical probability.
      PubDate: 2013-12-13
       
  • On sooner and later waiting time distributions associated with simple
           patterns in a sequence of bivariate trials
    • Abstract: In this article, we study sooner/later waiting time problems for simple patterns in a sequence of bivariate trials. The double generating functions of the sooner/later waiting times for the simple patterns are expressed in terms of the double generating functions of the numbers of occurrences of the simple patterns. Effective computational tools are developed for the evaluation of the waiting time distributions along with some examples. The results presented here provide perspectives on the waiting time problems arising from bivariate trials and extend a framework for studying the exact distributions of patterns. Finally, some examples are given in order to illustrate how our theoretical results are employed for the investigation of the waiting time problems for simple patterns.
      PubDate: 2013-12-11
       
  • Hermite ranks and        id-i-eq1">        format-t-e-x">$U$ -statistics
    • Abstract: We focus on the asymptotic behavior of $U$ -statistics of the type $$\begin{aligned} \sum _{1\le i\ne j\le n} h(X_i,X_j)\\ \end{aligned}$$ in the long-range dependence setting, where $(X_i)_{i\ge 1}$ is a stationary mean-zero Gaussian process. Since $(X_i)_{i\ge 1}$ is Gaussian, $h$ can be decomposed in Hermite polynomials. The goal of this paper is to compare the different notions of Hermite rank and to provide conditions for the remainder term in the decomposition to be asymptotically negligeable.
      PubDate: 2013-12-10
       
  • Nonparametric density estimation in compound Poisson processes using
           convolution power estimators
    • Abstract: Consider a compound Poisson process which is discretely observed with sampling interval $\Delta $ until exactly $n$ nonzero increments are obtained. The jump density and the intensity of the Poisson process are unknown. In this paper, we build and study parametric estimators of appropriate functions of the intensity, and an adaptive nonparametric estimator of the jump size density. The latter estimation method relies on nonparametric estimators of $m$ th convolution powers density. The $L^2$ -risk of the adaptive estimator achieves the optimal rate in the minimax sense over Sobolev balls. Numerical simulation results on various jump densities enlight the good performances of the proposed estimator.
      PubDate: 2013-12-06
       
  • Note on the existence and modulus of continuity of the        class="a-plus-plus inline-equation id-i-eq1">        class="a-plus-plus equation-source
           
    • Abstract: We review one method for estimating the modulus of continuity of a Schramm–Loewner evolution (SLE) curve in terms of the inverse Loewner map. Then we prove estimates about the distribution of the inverse Loewner map, which underpin the difficulty in bounding the modulus of continuity of SLE for $\kappa =8$ . The main idea in the proof of these estimates is applying the Girsanov theorem to reduce the problem to estimates about one-dimensional Brownian motion.
      PubDate: 2013-12-05
       
  • Preface to the GPSD 2012 special issue of Metrika
    • PubDate: 2013-12-03
       
  • The covariation for Banach space valued processes and applications
    • Abstract: This article focuses on a recent concept of covariation for processes taking values in a separable Banach space $B$ and a corresponding quadratic variation. The latter is more general than the classical one of Métivier and Pellaumail. Those notions are associated with some subspace $\chi $ of the dual of the projective tensor product of $B$ with itself. We also introduce the notion of a convolution type process, which is a natural generalization of the Itô process and the concept of $\bar{\nu }_0$ -semimartingale, which is a natural extension of the classical notion of semimartingale. The framework is the stochastic calculus via regularization in Banach spaces. Two main applications are mentioned: one related to Clark–Ocone formula for finite quadratic variation processes; the second one concerns the probabilistic representation of a Hilbert valued partial differential equation of Kolmogorov type.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
       
  • Goodness-of-fit tests for parametric nonhomogeneous Markov processes
    • Abstract: Tests for parametric nonhomogeneous and homogeneous Markov processes are given. Asymptotic distribution of test statistics is investigated. Tests for various well-known models are discussed as examples.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27
       
  • Discussion of dynamic programming and linear programming approaches to
           stochastic control and optimal stopping in continuous time
    • Abstract: This paper seeks to highlight two approaches to the solution of stochastic control and optimal stopping problems in continuous time. Each approach transforms the stochastic problem into a deterministic problem. Dynamic programming is a well-established technique that obtains a partial/ordinary differential equation, variational or quasi-variational inequality depending on the type of problem; the solution provides the value of the problem as a function of the initial position (the value function). The other method recasts the problems as linear programs over a space of feasible measures. Both approaches use Dynkin’s formula in essential but different ways. The aim of this paper is to present the main ideas underlying these approaches with only passing attention paid to the important and necessary technical details.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27
       
 
 
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