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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 853 journals)
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Journal Cover Professional Psychology : Research and Practice
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0735-7028 - ISSN (Online) 1939-1323
   Published by APA Homepage  [73 journals]
  • A survey of clinical psychologists’ attitudes toward treatment
    • Authors: Johnson; Sverre Urnes; Hoffart, Asle; Havik, Odd E.; Nordgreen, Tine
      Abstract: Treatment manuals have been strongly approved and strongly criticized. They are central instruments in the dissemination of evidence-based practice. A total of 815 Norwegian clinical psychologists were surveyed about their attitudes toward treatment manuals (ATMs) combined with therapeutic orientations, therapeutic strategies, and demographic factors. Although most of the participants found treatment manuals somewhat useful, they very rarely used them. Clinicians who used experiences from their personal therapy experiences or had a psychoanalytic or humanistic orientation were more negative toward treatment manuals. Therapists with a cognitive–behavioral orientation or therapists who used psychotherapy literature and self-help material to increase their therapeutic knowledge were more likely to have positive ATMs. These findings have implications for how ATMs can be modified and possibly used for bridging the gap between research and practice. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
      DOI: 10.1037/pro0000108
  • Ethical issues surrounding psychologists’ use of neuroscience in the
           promotion and practice of psychotherapy.
    • Authors: Bott; Nicholas T.; Radke, Anneliese E.; Kiely, Thomas
      Abstract: Advances in neuroscience research are often enlisted as evidence for the belief that mental disorders are biologically based diseases of the brain, and have contributed to the continued prominence of the biomedical model within the field of mental health. Psychologists’ use of neuroscience in marketing their services, explaining behavioral phenomena, and legitimizing the efficacy of psychotherapeutic treatments may contribute to “neurocentric” understandings of psychology, at the expense of a more comprehensive biopsychosocial model of mental disorders. These issues raise concerns about the ethical and responsible use of neuroscience language and research findings by psychologists in the promotion and practice of psychotherapy. This article reflects critically on the ethical principles and standards of the ethics code of the American Psychological Association (2010a) regarding competency, the basis of professional judgments, and the veracity of statements about psychotherapy, and provides considerations and recommendations for practicing psychologists, faculty, and graduate students when making use of neuroscience research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
      DOI: 10.1037/pro0000103
  • Applying recovery principles to the treatment of trauma.
    • Authors: Smith; Jasset C.; Hyman, Scott M.; Andres-Hyman, Raquel C.; Ruiz, Jessica J.; Davidson, Larry
      Abstract: The recovery movement, a paradigm shift in mental health care, recognizes that individuals diagnosed with even the most debilitating and long-standing disorders may still go on to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives. Symptom reduction is only part of the recovery process. In this article, we discuss principles of recovery and recommendations concerning the application of these principles to the treatment of individuals with trauma-related difficulties to improve hope, meaning, and overall quality of life. We conclude by identifying diagnostic and treatment approaches that are consistent with principles of recovery, and we discuss how practitioners can incorporate recovery principles into their evidence-based care planning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1037/pro0000105
  • Therapist-assisted, online (TAO) intervention for anxiety in college
           students: TAO outperformed treatment as usual.
    • Authors: Benton; Sherry A.; Heesacker, Martin; Snowden, Steven J.; Lee, Geoffrey
      Abstract: How can time spent conducting individual psychotherapy go farther' How can psychotherapy make effective use of ubiquitous smartphones, tablets, and laptop computers' Traditional hour-long, face-to-face therapy is effective, but it cannot meet the demand in many mental health sectors and fails to capitalize on emergent communication tools. There is a need for new treatments that are effective but more efficient. Individual treatment that uses online components to reduce, not eliminate, direct contact with the psychotherapist was first used and proven effective in several other countries. It now is being implemented and researched in the United States. This article details the structure, content, and effectiveness of Therapist Assisted Online (TAO) psychotherapy, a 7-week individual treatment for anxiety that uses online tools to keep client engagement and therapeutic intensity high, with a fraction of the therapist time of conventional therapy. TAO treatment pairs online educational materials with brief therapist contact through phone, chat, or video conferencing. This treatment combines 4 tools associated with improved outcomes: text-message reminders, homework on mobile devices, video conference sessions, and weekly progress measures completed by and reviewed with the client. In research conducted at a large university counseling center, TAO clients had greater reductions in anxiety and greater improvement in global mental health, life functioning, and their sense of well-being than treatment-as-usual clients. Although not all anxiety clients are suitable candidates, TAO can treat many clients for whom treatment as usual is not ideal or practical, without fear that client welfare or therapy effectiveness are affected. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-08-29
      DOI: 10.1037/pro0000097
  • Informed consent: An adaptable question format for telepsychology.
    • Authors: Murphy; Jason M.; Pomerantz, Andrew M.
      Abstract: Building on the work of Pomerantz and Handelsman (2004) and Handelsman and Galvin (1988), this article presents a modern suggested framework for facilitating and enhancing the informed consent process for telepsychology. With the proliferation of mainstream online psychotherapy services across the past decade, new challenges for therapists and clients have emerged. Although the American Psychological Association (2013a) has published general guidelines for telepsychology practice, clinicians and clients may benefit from a more in-depth, illustrative model from which to develop telepsychology informed consent processes. Like its predecessors, this version contains questions clients have the right to discuss with their psychologists; however, unlike its antecedents, this version is presented as a modular template that can be easily modified to suit practitioners’ needs. New, telepsychology-specific questions have been added to address telepsychology training, technological malfunctions, information security, payment, telepsychology laws, and other relevant topics. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-08-29
      DOI: 10.1037/pro0000098
  • Female genital cutting in the United States: Implications for mental
           health professionals.
    • Authors: Akinsulure-Smith; Adeyinka M.; Sicalides, Evangeline I.
      Abstract: The increasingly multicultural composition of the United States can pose numerous challenges for mental health professionals. Although clinicians may have worked with culturally diverse female populations that have experienced various types of sexual violence, there has been a limited discussion of female genital cutting (FGC) and its consequences in the psychological literature. In this article, the prevalence of FGC in the United States; the literature regarding the physical, psychological, and social consequences of this practice; and the practice’s implications for mental health services are reviewed and discussed. Finally, the authors provide recommendations for clinical practice, education and training, research, and advocacy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-08-11
      DOI: 10.1037/pro0000079
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