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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 877 journals)
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Journal Cover Professional Psychology : Research and Practice
  [SJR: 0.707]   [H-I: 62]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0735-7028 - ISSN (Online) 1939-1323
   Published by APA Homepage  [73 journals]
  • Serving the underserved: Cultural considerations in behavioral health
           integration in pediatric primary care.
    • Abstract: The pediatric primary care setting has been put forth as an ideal context in which to improve access to behavioral health services for racial and ethnic minority youth. To fully actualize the potential for integrated health in pediatric primary care settings to appropriately address disparities in health care, additional focus on cultural competence in working with underserved populations by psychologists is needed. This article seeks to contribute to the efforts of psychologists in pediatric primary care in addressing the needs of underserved, racial and ethnic minority youth. Subsequent to a discussion of culture and cultural competence at the provider level, we review particular areas of focus as they relate to cultural competence for the psychologist embedded in pediatric primary care settings. Specifically, we highlight 2 areas: (a) treatment engagement, including help-seeking behaviors and stigma, and (b) use of culturally informed interventions, including cultural adaptations and use of transdiagnostic or modularized treatments, that are especially relevant for psychologists working within primary care. We conclude by providing recommendations for practice for the psychologist working within pediatric primary care settings. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Training clinicians to provide culturally competent treatment to
           military-connected children: A collaborative model between the
           Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and the
           Red Sox Foundation and Massachusetts General Hospital Home Base Program.
    • Abstract: Between 2001 and 2011, over 700,000 military-connected children (MCC) in the United States experienced multiple parental deployments because of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The stress of deployments significantly burdens MCC and nondeployed family members. Parental deployments are associated with significant increases in the use of mental healthcare resources. The majority of military families live off-base and access care through civilian healthcare providers; however, these community providers are often unfamiliar with specific challenges that military families, in particular MCC, face. To fill this gap, we developed a novel collaborative model to provide training in military culture, deployment, and reintegration challenges to experienced clinicians in a multisite child and family agency to build community capacity to address the mental health needs of MCC and their parents. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Enhancing professionalism through self-reflection.
    • Abstract: In this article we review the actions that psychologists can take to improve their ability to self-reflect. These activities include building professional networks, engaging in personal psychotherapy, taking part in continuing education, soliciting feedback from patients and colleagues, participating in Balint groups, engaging in expressive writing, and learning mindfulness skills. These activities may be most effective if they involve interactions with other people, expand the amount of information that psychologists receive, and are conducted in a spirit of openness to new experiences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • The certification of emotional support animals: Differences between
           clinical and forensic mental health practitioners.
    • Abstract: There is a growing trend of individuals requesting emotional support animal (ESA) ¯œletters¯ from licensed mental health professionals. However, no current standards exist for making these evaluations. The current study sought to examine, within a specific sample, (1) roughly how many and what type of mental health professionals are making ESA evaluations and (2) to explore what instruments these practitioners used, or would use, for making such an evaluation. Through the use of a sample of 87 mental health professionals, 31.4% of whom have actually made ESA recommendations, the current study demonstrates that both clinical and forensic practitioners within the current sample are making ESA recommendations and believe it is appropriate for treating mental health professional to offer an opinion on the need for an ESA. This demonstrates that neither group in the current sample recognizes the potential role conflicts this presents when one mixes forensic and clinical functions. Further, results of the survey revealed that forensic practitioners were significantly more likely to choose more complex and forensically valid assessment instruments (e.g., malingering assessment) for ESA evaluations when compared with clinical practitioners. We conclude with a set of recommendations for practitioners to choose to conduct ESA evaluations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Roman Catholic Marriage Tribunals: The use of psychological testing in
           marital annulment proceedings.
    • Abstract: The use of psychological testing in the 175 U.S. Roman Catholic Marriage Tribunals was surveyed. The response rate was an adequate 36% (N = 63), comprising a nationally representative sample, although many tribunals responded to the questionnaire with limited information. The majority of tribunals employed clinical psychologists to conduct assessments for marital annulment petitions that invoke Canon 1095 (Psychic Incapacity) and/or when severe psychopathology was suspected in either marriage partner. The preferred assessment technique was an unstructured diagnostic interview, though a small number of psychological tests were also endorsed, the most frequent being the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory¯“2. However, the decisions concerning whether to use psychologists, which cases to assign them, and what test(s) to use were idiosyncratic to each tribunal, in contrast to the highly structured procedural nature of these proceeding in canon law. Although this has drawn no attention in the research literature, psychologists appear to play an active, yet circumscribed, role in Roman Catholic Marriage Tribunals. No assessment guidelines or best practice procedures exist for psychologists involved in tribunal assessments. We recommend the development of a standardized screening procedure as well as a consistent national assessment battery using reliable and valid broad-band personality measures. Psychologists should consider such religious venues as new assessment opportunities after developing a knowledge base and cultural awareness for Roman Catholic issues. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 04 May 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Therapeutic technique of APA master therapists: Areas of difference and
           integration across theoretical orientations.
    • Abstract: This study utilized the American Psychological Association (APA) PsycTHERAPY digital video database of therapy masters working with participants on problems related to either anxiety or depression. Thirty-four APA master sessions were included. Therapist primary orientation included Cognitive¯“Behavioral (CB), Psychodynamic¯“Relational (P/R), and Person Centered-Experiential (PC/E), the last of which served as a comparison group to contrast the former 2 samples. All sessions were evaluated using the Comparative Psychotherapy Process Scale (CPPS) by 4 independent clinical raters who demonstrated excellent (>.75; Fleiss, 1981) reliability in the rating of these sessions. Results demonstrated significant differences on the CPPS Psychodynamic-Interpersonal (CPPS-PI) and Cognitive-Behavioral (CPPS-CB) subscales in the expected directions between the APA master CB and P/R sessions. APA master PC/E sessions did not rate as highly on either CPPS-PI or CPPS-CB subscales than therapists from the respective modalities. A subsample Integrative (IN) group was created using APA master therapist secondary orientation to further analyze the relationship between technique use and integration. Findings demonstrated that IN master therapists utilized significantly more CPPS-CB techniques than P/R therapists, and significantly more CPPS-PI techniques than CB therapists, supporting the IN orientation. Further, CB-3rd wave (Schema, ACT, Mindfulness) APA master therapist sessions demonstrated a significantly greater integration (i.e., use) of CPPS-PI items, particularly those related to participant emotional expression and exploration, identifying patterns of experience, and facilitating insight, than the traditional CB APA master therapist sessions. Clinical implications with regard to training and practice will be discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 01 May 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Improving professional psychological practice through an increased
           repertoire of research methodologies: Illustrated by the development of
    • Abstract: Mental health problems present an increasing global disease burden making the development of effective and efficient psychological treatments an urgent public health priority. Despite the continued proliferation of treatments and large numbers of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), evidence suggests that pre-post effect sizes have been decreasing over time not increasing. Promoting RCTs as a gold standard of evidence has not been a useful strategy for advancing progress in the development of increasingly effective and efficient psychological treatments and has, in fact, created a divide between research and practice in professional psychology. To close this divide, other methodologies are needed that can assist in the rigorous development and evaluation of treatments in routine clinical practice. We outline some of the problems with using RCTs as the sole means of generating evidence for treatment effectiveness and efficiency and we use the development and evaluation of a transdiagnostic cognitive therapy to illustrate an alternative way of accumulating evidence through a much closer connection between research and practice. Ultimately, including other methodologies alongside RCTs that combine research and practice more seamlessly, will produce treatments of greater effectiveness and efficiency and help to reduce the global burden of mental health problems. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Personal branding for psychologists: Ethically navigating an emerging
           vocational trend.
    • Abstract: Seismic societal, technological, and economic shifts over the past several decades demand more individualized approaches for engaging in commerce and empowering vocational control. In response, the personal brand has emerged as a viable strategy for individual professionals to accentuate their own distinctiveness, and to engage with professional networks and clients in efficient, inexpensive, and expedient ways. Professional psychology has been skeptical of commercial practices contained within personal branding due to the potential for heightened risk of ethical violations and professional misconduct. The author discusses personal branding and its relationship with the ethics of psychology commerce. A personal branding model is proposed and tailored to the unique considerations of professional psychologists. As the ethical accountability for engaging in personal branding rests on psychologists, it is essential that the discipline be alert to its implications for client welfare. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Apr 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Can a computer administer a Wechsler Intelligence Test'
    • Abstract: Prompted by the rapid development of Pearson¯™s iPad-based Q-interactive platform for administering individual tests of cognitive ability (Pearson, 2016c), this article speculates about what it would take for a computer to administer the current versions of the Wechsler individual intelligence tests without the involvement of a psychologist or psychometrist. We consider the mechanics of administering and scoring each subtest and the more general clinical skills of motivating the client to perform, making observations of verbal and nonverbal behavior, and responding to the client¯™s off-task comments, questions, and nonverbal cues. It is concluded that we are very close to the point, given current hardware and artificial intelligence capabilities, at which administration of all subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (PsychCorp, 2008) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (PsychCorp, 2014), and all assessment functions of the human examiner, could be performed by a computer. Potential acceptability of computer administration by clients and the psychological community are considered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Apr 2017 04:00:00 GMT
  • Evidence-based apps' A review of mental health mobile applications in
           a psychotherapy context.
    • Abstract: mHealth denotes the use of mobile devices within a health care context. One type of mHealth that has gained increased popularity is the use of mobile applications (apps). Despite a plethora of apps that are commercially available, the efficacy or effectiveness of these apps is largely unknown. This article reviews the literature on the use of mental health mobile apps in a psychotherapy context. The review focuses on the efficacy or effectiveness and common features of mental health apps. At present, there is insufficient empirical support for any 1 particular app to be considered evidence-based. A number of methodological concerns among treatment outcome studies further complicate conclusions regarding efficacy and effectiveness. Nonetheless, preliminary results are promising and warrant further research. Apps included in this review were generally extensions of empirically supported treatments, primarily grounded in cognitive¯“behavioral therapy. Implications and clinical issues for practitioners are discussed. Given the current state of the research, clinicians may wish to consider cautiously incorporating apps as an adjunct to treatment or recommending apps to clients, but much is unknown including the possibility that in some circumstances, particular apps may prove to be iatrogenic for some clients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 05:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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