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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 942 journals)
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Journal Cover Professional Psychology : Research and Practice
  Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.707
  Citation Impact (citeScore): 62
  Number of Followers: 7  
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0735-7028 - ISSN (Online) 1939-1323
   Published by APA Homepage  [74 journals]
  • The interplay among mindfulness, caregiver burden, and mental health in
           family members of individuals with dementia.
    • Abstract: Caring for a person with dementia often results in high levels of perceived burden, poorer overall mental health, and a reduced quality of life (QoL). Using a sample of 106 dementia caregivers, we examined associations among caregiver objective and subjective burden (from the Burden Assessment Scale), mindfulness (from The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire) and a mental health latent variable (with the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale, and the Quality of Life Inventory as indicators). As expected, we found that lower levels of burden and greater mindfulness were associated with better mental health. Also in line with study hypotheses and with the stress-appraisal-coping model developed by Lazarus and Folkman (1984), we found that subjective burden partially mediates the relationship between objective burden and mental health outcomes. Specifically, subjective appraisals of caregiving appeared to indirectly affect the association between the concrete costs of caregiving and psychological outcomes in dementia caregivers. This finding suggests the potential for negative psychological outcomes to be improved by addressing caregivers’ appraisals of the caregiving experience. Finally, we hypothesized that mindfulness would moderate the association between burden (objective and subjective) and mental health outcomes such that in people who are more mindful, burden has less of an impact on mental health. This hypothesis was not supported. Thus, while greater mindfulness does appear to be associated with better mental health, being more mindful does not appear to dampen the effect of burden on mental health. Research and clinical implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Forensic competency evaluations via videoconferencing: A feasibility
           review and best practice recommendations.
    • Abstract: The demand for pretrial forensic evaluation services is growing rapidly in the United States. The use of videoconferencing (VC) to conduct assessments has the potential to help meet this increasing demand by improving the availability and efficiency of evaluation services. However, perceived legal and practical barriers to using VC for adjudicative competency evaluations or other forensic evaluations can inhibit adoption of these capabilities. This article reviews and summarizes information regarding the use of VC for adjudicative competency evaluations in order to help to overcome these barriers and to guide optimal implementation of VC-based evaluation services. Courts, attorneys, and the professionals who conduct evaluations can benefit from the ability to conduct or attend evaluations via VC. Forensic evaluator professionals should seek the necessary training in order to become competent in conducting evaluations over VC. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Predictors of burnout among community therapists in the sustainment phase
           of a system-driven implementation of multiple evidence-based practices in
           children’s mental health.
    • Abstract: Burnout among community mental health (CMH) therapists has been associated with poorer therapist health, higher agency turnover, poorer client outcomes, and compromised quality of care. Recent mandates to learn and implement multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs) within CMH settings are intended to improve the quality of community care, yet there is mixed evidence concerning the impacts on workforce burnout. The current study sought to identify correlates of therapist emotional exhaustion, a key aspect of burnout, during the sustainment phase of a system-driven implementation of multiple EBPs in children’s mental health services. We hypothesized that high workload and unfavorable organizational climate would relate to therapist emotional exhaustion, but that positive experiences with EBPs adopted would relate to lower exhaustion. Although agency-level indices of organizational climate were unrelated to exhaustion, a multilevel model revealed that therapists’ weekly work hours, caseload, and number of EBPs delivered were associated with increased emotional exhaustion. Additionally, activities associated with the EBP implementation efforts (e.g., hours spent in EBP-related activities, supervision or consultation, or outcome monitoring), were not associated with emotional exhaustion. Therapists’ knowledge and confidence delivering EBPs and their positive perceptions of EBPs were protective against emotional exhaustion, but these perceptions did not buffer the risks associated with heavy workload. Findings point to implementation strategies to prevent burnout and associated turnover that compromise the returns on investments in EBP implementation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Reflective local practice: A pragmatic framework for improving culturally
           competent practice in psychology.
    • Abstract: Psychology has long been at the forefront of recognizing the importance of cultural competence in professional endeavors. Although the literature on culture and psychology is rich, many psychologists and psychology training programs could still benefit from a pragmatic template for integrating and improving cultural competence throughout the professional life span. The current article presents a framework for improving cultural competence, called reflective local practice. The term reflective relates to the primary focus on self-understanding and insight as tools to enhance lifelong growth in cultural competence. The term local refers to suggestions about utilizing one’s local community and its unique history in this reflective process. Finally, the term practice reminds psychologists and psychology trainers that applied skills training is a necessary part of developing cultural competence. The reflective local practice framework is intended to be relevant for psychologists and training programs situated in any cultural milieu, and to be useful for psychologists and trainees from all cultural backgrounds. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • The lived experience of psychologists working in mental health services:
           An exhausting and exasperating journey.
    • Abstract: What are the implications for psychologists working in the public mental health services (MHS)' Does this environment bring along different challenges when compared to their colleagues working in other settings' How do they cope' Using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), this study explored the meaning psychologists give to their work with their clients and also looked at how they experience working in their teams within the context of the MHS in Malta. Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with seven registered psychologists who had worked in the Maltese MHS for at least 2 years. Common themes across participants included: client work as a source of satisfaction and a source of stress, the psychologist in the context of the multidisciplinary team (MDT), and focus on the self. The quality of the participants’ work experience was found to be shaped by the larger context of their work setting. Participants’ negative emotions arising from the system were perceived to be more distressing than those arising from client work. Issues of powerlessness, lack of control and divergent values were identified as the main modulators of this experience and were seen to contribute to distress and reduced job engagement. Personal coping strategies were used as a means to survive in this demanding work place. Implications and recommendations in relation to working with this client group and also working within a medical model (MM) system are highlighted. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Development and initial piloting of a measure of post-deployment parenting
           reintegration experiences.
    • Abstract: Each phase of the deployment cycle poses challenges to military parents and children, with the post-deployment family reintegration period requiring returning military parents to resume such roles as direct caretaking and child discipline. Although veterans often report concerns about this domain of reintegration, existing measures permit only limited assessment of their parenting experiences. The authors initiated development of a self-report checklist to improve such assessment through two pilot studies. In the first, they generated a 30-item checklist of positive and challenging veteran parenting experiences, by interviewing nine clinicians experienced in assessment or intervention with veterans. In the second, 20 male veterans (mean age = 40.5 years) rated each parenting item based on their experiences during post-deployment family reintegration. They also indicated whether they had experienced any of 11 possible personal problems during this period and completed a family functioning measure. Results indicated that checklist items were relevant for the returning parents, that positive parenting experiences were endorsed by a higher percentage of veterans than challenging experiences, and that challenging experiences were associated with several personal problems and poorer family functioning. Further psychometric testing with larger, more representative samples of male and female veterans is needed, to establish the validity and utility of the measure. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Parent preferences and experiences with psychological treatment: Results
           from a direct-to-consumer survey using the marketing mix framework.
    • Abstract: Direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing strategies represent an increasingly popular approach to promote patient awareness of psychological treatments (PTs). The Marketing Mix is a well-established framework used to inform marketing decisions consisting of four “P’s”: Product (or Service), Promotion, Place, and Price. We conducted the first DTC marketing survey using the Marketing Mix framework to explore how parents concerned about their adolescents’ behavioral health receive information about PTs. A sample of 411 parents (51% girls, 82% non-Hispanic White) of 12- to 19-year-old adolescents completed an online survey asking how they would prefer to receive information about PTs, including five questions spanning the Promotion, Price, and Place dimensions of the Marketing Mix. A subsample of 158 parents also reported on how they had received PT information during their adolescent’s most recent therapy experience, allowing us to compare ideal versus actual therapy experiences. We explored the extent to which experiences varied as a function of parent race/ethnicity, income per capita, parent education level, and adolescent treatment history. Bivariate analyses and multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine which of these variables were associated with parents’ responses to specific survey items. Analyses revealed that parent preferences varied as a function of income per capita, education level, and history of treatment. In addition, there were significant gaps between parents’ ideal and most recent therapy experiences. Implications for the marketing of PTs are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 GMT
  • Rural clergy and geriatric depression: Predictors of providing counseling
           versus referring to mental health providers.
    • Abstract: Clergy members have the unique opportunity to improve mental health treatment access and decrease the service need gap in rural communities. Very little is known about their role in referring older adults with depressive symptoms to mental health providers. The aim of this study was to examine predictors of rural, mainline Christian clergy members’ intentions to provide counseling to older congregants with depression/refer to another clergy member versus refer to a mental health provider. A cross-sectional, Internet-based survey was distributed to clergy in two rural states. Participants were presented with case scenarios depicting an older adult with mild-to-moderate and moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms. Predictors of intent to counsel or refer to a mental health provider were examined. Of the 101 clergy members who completed the survey, the majority referred to a mental health provider as opposed to providing counseling themselves or referring to another clergy member. Clergy with high depression knowledge and strong endorsement of an organic etiological model of depression were more likely to refer to a mental health provider, χ2(11) = 28.56, p = .003. Qualitative findings suggested a complex approach to referral, including factors such as congregant characteristics. Interventions to enhance the clergy’s knowledge about late-life depression and mental illness etiology as well as skills to provide brief, evidence-based depression treatment to older congregants may improve mental health treatment access in rural communities. Likewise, programs that facilitate collaboration between clergy members and mental health providers may further support rural mental health care. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 05:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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