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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 882 journals)
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Journal Cover Professional Psychology : Research and Practice
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0735-7028 - ISSN (Online) 1939-1323
   Published by APA Homepage  [74 journals]
  • Mediators in the relationship between minority stress and depression among
           young same-sex attracted women.
    • Abstract: Minority stress has been associated with poor mental health outcomes among same-sex attracted young adult women, though there is limited research on the underlying factors that could explain how minority stress affects psychological functioning. The current study investigated such factors (trait mindfulness, coping strategies, and social support) that can potentially mediate the relationship between minority stress and depressive symptoms among same-sex attracted college-aged women. The study was completed online, and participants were 175 women between the ages of 18 and 28 who are mainly attracted to other women. Simple mediation analysis results revealed that 3 of the hypothesized protective factors (trait acceptance, avoidance coping, and perceived lesbian, gay, and bisexual social support) partially mediated the relationship between minority stress and depressive symptoms. A multiple mediation analysis indicated that trait acceptance and avoidance coping completely mediated the relationship between minority stress and depressive symptoms when included in a mediation model together. These results demonstrate that more research is needed to understand how minority stress affects mental health through its impact on one’s personal resources and coping strategies, particularly factors such as mindfulness, acceptance, and social support. Furthermore, clinicians working with this population should use treatments that emphasize mindful acceptance and social support. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • A meta-analytic review of play therapy with emphasis on outcome measures.
    • Abstract: A meta-analysis of 100 studies of outcomes of play therapy interventions was conducted to determine overall effect of intervention. Different from the Bratton, Ray, Rhine, and Jones (2005), but more consistent with the Lin and Bratton (2015), findings, there was a significant moderate effect for play therapy interventions across all outcomes (d = .44). When 4 studies with aberrantly large effects were removed, this effect was d = .36. These moderate effects are consistent with other meta-analyses that find lower effect sizes for nonbehavioral interventions. Overall study quality was poor with no studies meeting the criteria of randomized control trials. Research on play therapy interventions also does not use diagnostic criteria as part of study inclusion, thus preventing play therapy interventions from being considered as empirically supported treatments. Meta-analytic findings differed by type of measure used, with measures of family functioning/relationships finding larger results than other types of measures. There was not strong consistency in measures used across the studies, with only a few measures being used across more than 1 or 2 studies. Of the more frequently used measures, the Measurement of Empathy in Adult Child Interaction (MEACI) resulted in much larger effects than other measures used, and should be further evaluated in terms of appropriate interpretation and use. Effect sizes also differed based on the reporting source, with teachers tending to rate lower impacts of treatment than other reporters. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Utilizing a dialectical framework to inform conceptualization and
           treatment of clinical distress in transgender individuals.
    • Abstract: Despite increased awareness of transgender lives and experiences, evidence suggests that transgender and gender nonconforming individuals continue to be exposed to pervasive invalidation and discrimination in the dominant culture. As such, culturally tailored treatment approaches are needed for meeting the mental health care needs of this marginalized population. Although recent theoretical and empirical advances have been made linking experiences of invalidation and discrimination to mental health disparities at a population level, conceptual models accounting for mental health consequences of invalidation at the individual level are lacking. As such, this article provides a detailed application of the Biosocial Model, the theoretical basis of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), to the conceptualization and treatment of clinical distress in transgender individuals struggling to effectively cope with chronic invalidation of gender diversity. Application of DBT-informed case conceptualization and skills-training tailored to gender diverse people is provided with the goal of empowering clinicians with practical approaches for promoting the psychological health and flourishing of transgender and gender-nonconforming patients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Video game addiction: The push to pathologize video games.
    • Abstract: With proposals to include “gaming disorder” in both the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) and International Compendium of Diseases (ICD), the concept of video game addiction has gained traction. However, many aspects of this concept remain controversial. At present, little clarity has been achieved regarding diagnostic criteria and appropriate symptoms. It is unclear if symptoms that involve problematic video gaming behavior should be reified as a new disorder, or are the expression of underlying mental conditions. Nonetheless, the recent proposals around gaming disorder from respected bodies such as the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association seem to lock much of the applied research into a confirmatory trajectory. Since the DSM–5 proposal, research is increasingly focused on the application of the proposed criteria, as opposed to broadly testing validity and necessity of the overarching construct. This raises multiple concerns. First, the current approaches to understanding “gaming addiction” are rooted in substance abuse research and approaches do not necessarily translate to media consumption. Second, some research has indicated that “video game addiction” is not a stable construct and clinical impairment might be low. Third, pathologizing gaming behavior has fallout beyond the therapeutic setting. In light of continuing controversies, it is argued that the currently proposed categories of video game addiction disorders are premature. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Is it because I’m Black' Microaggressive experiences against Black
           professionals in sport and exercise psychology.
    • Abstract: Black sport and exercise psychology (SEP) practitioners represent a small but growing percentage of SEP professionals. To date there has been no study that directly asks Black sport and exercise psychology professionals about their professional experiences. To fill this gap in the literature, the researchers explored Black SEP professionals’ racial microaggressive experiences: common and often unintentional racial slights toward people of color (Sue et al., 2007). Using an online survey, 5 participants above the age of 18 with a current professional membership in the Association for Applied Sport Psychology and/or the American Psychological Association’s Division 47 (Society for Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology) were surveyed regarding their microaggressive experiences. Findings provide a view of Black professionals’ experiences and the context in which they were aggressed. Recommendations for future research and support of Black professionals are provided. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sport psychology in an Olympic swimming team: Perceptions of the
           management and coaches.
    • Abstract: It has been over 20 years since research has been published on perceptions of sport psychology services in Olympic sport, and this work spanned multiple sports, had a North American focus, and did not report management’s views. In this study, we resurrect this line of inquiry through the investigation of management and coaches’ perceptions of sport psychology in a European Olympic swimming team. Following semistructured interviews with 12 members of the management and coaching staff, we identified themes relating to retrospective reflections of past psychology-related services (i.e., negative previous experiences, lack of understanding, unease with service, threat to coach-swimmer relationship) and prospective projections of future psychology-related services (i.e., recognition of importance, scope of target client groups, roles with the coaches, confidentiality issues, practitioner characteristics). Within this team, sport psychology was perceived largely negatively, but despite this, the coaches and management recognized the importance and potential of the service. This apparent disparity can be explained by a range of factors, but the team culture, delivery method, and individual personalities appear to be particularly influential in this regard. To enhance the quality and receptivity of service provision, researchers and practitioners should effectively communicate with recipients of the service and consider not just what is delivered but by whom and how it is delivered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Outcomes of combined treatment: Evaluating split versus integrated
           treatment for depression.
    • Abstract: As combined medication and psychotherapy is increasingly recommended and provided for patients with depression, clinicians frequently choose between integrated or split treatment delivery with little empirical evidence upon which to base these decisions. The purpose of the current study was to compare outcomes (satisfaction and adherence) between split and integrated treatment for patients with depression. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, 120 adults with major depressive disorder currently receiving combined treatment (60 integrated and 60 split) were recruited on Amazon.com’s Mechanical Turk and at Fordham University. Participants were asked to complete measures of satisfaction, adherence, as well as predictors of these variables including preference strength, attachment, symptom severity, and alliance. Importantly, this study did not find overall significant differences in satisfaction or adherence between participants in split and integrated treatment. The results indicated that therapeutic alliance and preference strength predicted satisfaction regardless of treatment model, while secure attachment style predicted medication adherence. This study affirms the current practice trends toward split treatment as working equally well for most patients, and supports. Furthermore, findings highlight the person-centered movement’s emphasis on therapeutic alliance, and nondiagnostic patient characteristics, in contributing to overall outcome. Therefore, clinicians are encouraged to consider matching patients based on projected alliance and current preference when making such treatment referrals for split or integrated treatment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Implementation methods for the caring contacts suicide prevention
           intervention.
    • Abstract: Four decades of research has indicated that the Caring Contacts intervention may be an efficacious, scalable, and low-cost intervention for reducing suicide behaviors. The implementation of the intervention requires careful consideration of the target population, message content, delivery options, and modalities of the contacts (e.g., postal mail, email, and text messages). This article reviews these considerations and provides recommendations for the implementation of the Caring Contacts intervention across diverse settings. Examples of how past work has addressed these considerations are provided. Future research questions regarding the implementation of the Caring Contacts intervention are also described. As practitioners consider implementing the Caring Contacts intervention, current and future research studies provide an important foundation for making implementation decisions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Advancing training in session fees through psychology training clinics.
    • Abstract: Psychology training clinics can meet the needs of communities who have limited access to quality and affordable mental health services by offering sliding scale or reduced fee structures. The use of sliding scale fee structures in psychology training clinics also provides a rich training experience for graduate student trainees. Yet, limited attention has been directed toward understanding how to effectively train graduate students and clinicians to discuss session fees and other social class-related issues within psychotherapy. The purpose of this article is to address this gap by describing a conceptual model used in 1 psychology training clinic that integrates session fee considerations into training, service delivery, and supervision. Suggestions and exemplars related to each model component (i.e., training clinic mission, client paperwork and marketing, training, service delivery, supervision, and consultation) are described. The model components mutually inform 1 another in order to contribute to the provision of mental health treatment to clients and to enhance trainee skill development related to money and social class considerations. Implications for training and limitations of the model are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Special ethical considerations for behavioral health consultants in the
           primary care setting.
    • Abstract: The growing movement of integrating behavioral health services in medical settings aims to increase ease of access to behavioral health services. Behavioral health consultants (BHCs), who are embedded within primary care clinics, provide a variety of psychological services (screening, brief interventions, and referral to specialized treatment settings) in a novel manner relative to traditional outpatient behavioral health treatment. These alterations in service delivery present unique ethical challenges to effective patient care in primary care behavioral health (PCBH) practice. This article discusses potential ethical dilemmas and challenges that are faced in PCBH. Confidentiality, privacy and informed consent are discussed, given the complex level of communication within primary care clinics. The potential for having multiple relationships with coworkers is reviewed. The need for BHC’s to provide sufficient clinical intervention and assessment, and how these may be limited in scope in BHC practice, is discussed. Finally, the complexity of obtaining competence for practice in primary care is explored. We discuss how ethical guidelines apply to this work, and also aim to address where further clarity is needed and context-based ethical decision-making is warranted. Case studies are provided to help illustrate the novel challenges faced by BHCs in integrated medical settings. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jun 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • The self-regulatory model of illness and adjustment outcomes in hepatitis
           C.
    • Abstract: This study investigates the ability of illness perceptions and coping strategies, primary features of the self-regulatory model of illness (SRM), which has been utilized in several related chronic disease studies to predict adjustment outcomes among individuals diagnosed with hepatitis C (HCV; Hagger & Orbell, 2003; Leventhal, Diefenbach, & Leventhal, 1992). The study utilized the 8-component Brief Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (BIPQ) and the brief COPE as a measure of coping strategies (Broadbent, Petrie, Main, & Weinman, 2006; Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub, 1989). Individuals diagnosed with HCV (n = 126) completed online questionnaires assessing illness perceptions, coping strategies, and 3 adjustment outcomes (depression, physical health, and life satisfaction). Hierarchical multiple regressions indicated that illness perceptions and coping strategies predicted adjustment across the depression, physical health, and life satisfaction criterion variables. Illness identity accounted for significant variance across depression and physical health outcomes. Personal control made significant contributions to predicting depression, physical health, and life satisfaction outcomes. Illness coherence and emotional responses to HCV predicted depression outcomes, whereas illness timeline accounted for variance in life satisfaction. Maladaptive coping made significant contributions to predicting depression and life satisfaction outcomes. Adaptive coping predicted significant variance in life satisfaction. Results provide support for the inclusion of the SRM within therapeutic models for individuals presenting with HCV. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Apr 2017 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Performance Interview Guide: Recommendations for initial consultations
           in sport and performance psychology.
    • Abstract: The Performance Interview Guide (PInG) is a semistructured approach to initial sport and performance psychology (SPP) consultations. The PInG is designed to be person centered and strengths based with a focus on performance excellence. We emphasize building a safe, trusting, and collaborative relationship with the client, and provide an overview of information to gather when forming an initial conceptualization of the client. There are 7 components to the PInG: (a) identifying information, (b) reason for seeking consultation, (c) background of areas for improvement, growth, or concern, (d) details of sport/performance, (e) life/identity outside of sport/performance, (f) significant relationships/support, and (g) self-care. As foundations for the PInG, a philosophy of interviewing, guidance on gathering information, and pragmatic considerations such as holistic consulting (i.e., attending to the person and the performer), multiculturalism, and connecting interviewing to a theoretical orientation to performance excellence are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 05:00:00 GMT
       
  • Ways that psychologists can contribute to tobacco cessation efforts in
           integrated primary care settings.
    • Abstract: How can psychologists working in primary care help contribute to tobacco cessation efforts' Although primary care has long been identified as an ideal setting for the implementation of evidence-based tobacco cessation interventions, much of the focus has been on the role of the primary care provider and associated medical staff. Psychologists who work as part of the primary care team can also help support tobacco cessation efforts, and offer unique strengths given their training and expertise in treating behavioral health concerns. This article offers suggestions for how psychologists can contribute to population-based tobacco cessation efforts in integrated primary care settings. We propose that psychologists have the potential to increase the extent to which evidence-based interventions for tobacco use are delivered in primary care through direct clinical services (e.g., the 5As, brief individual treatment, and various team based interventions), training, and scholarly activities (including research, quality improvement, and program evaluation projects). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Feb 2017 05:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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