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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 850 journals)
Journal of Individual Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Integrative Psychology and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Interaction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Latina/o Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Learning Disabilities and Offending Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Loss and Trauma: International Perspectives on Stress & Coping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mathematical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Media Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology     Open Access  
Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Neuropsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nonverbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Occupational Psychology, Employment and Disability JOPED     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Open Psychology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 143)
Journal of Personality Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Personality Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Personnel Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Psychological Issues in Organizational Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Psychological Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Psychology in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Psychophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychosomatic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Psychotherapy Integration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research Design and Statistics in Linguistics and Communication Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Russian & East European Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social and Political Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the American Psychoanalytical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 92)
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Trauma & Dissociation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Trauma Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Trauma, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Tropical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Trust Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Jung Journal : Culture and Psyche     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Guidena : Journal of Guidance and counseling, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Psikologi     Open Access  
KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
La Colmena     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Language and Text     Open Access  
Law & Psychology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Law Text Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Learning & Perception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Legal and Criminological Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Liberabit. Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Linguistic Evidence in Security, Law and Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Longitudinal and Life Course Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Measurement Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Media Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mediterranean Journal of Clinical Psychology     Open Access  
Memory & Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Mens Sana Monographs     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
Mental     Open Access  
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Mental Health Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)

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Journal Cover Motivation and Emotion
  [SJR: 1.121]   [H-I: 45]   [21 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6644 - ISSN (Online) 0146-7239
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2280 journals]
  • The social impact of emotional tears
    • Abstract: Abstract The question what specific functions the production of emotional tears fulfills has received only limited attention of behavioral scientists. We report the results of two studies on the social impact of emotional tears. In Study 1 (96 Dutch females), perceived helplessness and felt connectedness predicted the willingness to help a person depicted as crying tearfully, while perceived friendliness did not. In Study 2 (US sample, 128 males, 68 females) all three of these variables mediated the effect the display of tears had on the willingness to help. Our results replicate and extend previous work and add to current knowledge by showing that tearful crying facilitates helping behavior and by identifying reasons why people are more willing to help criers. These findings help to put forth novel predictions on the impact of tearful crying on others.
      PubDate: 2016-02-08
  • Taboo desires, creativity, and career choice
    • Abstract: Abstract Two studies suggest that Protestants are more likely than Catholics or Jews to sublimate taboo desires into motives to pursue creative careers. The results are consistent with a synthesis of psychological and classic sociological theories. In Study 1, Protestants induced to have taboo sexual desires were likely to express a preference for creative careers (as opposed to prosocial ones). In Study 2, a national probability sample revealed that “conflicted” Protestants—who had taboo desires but tried to rule their sexual behavior according to their religious beliefs—worked in the most creative jobs. The effects in both studies did not hold for Catholics and Jews. Results suggest that intrapsychic conflict can partially motivate important real-world decisions, such as the choice to pursue a creative career.
      PubDate: 2016-02-04
  • Beware the eyes behind the mask: The capture and hold of selective
           attention by backward masked fearful eyes
    • Abstract: Abstract Fearful facial expressions are important social indicators of environmental threat. Among the various features of a fearful face, the eyes appear to be particularly important for recognizing and responding to these social cues. One way in which fearful faces facilitate observers’ behavior is by automatically capturing attention. This is true for both consciously and nonconsciously processed fearful faces. Recent research suggests that consciously processed fearful eyes alone are sufficient to capture observers’ attention. However, it is unknown as to whether or not nonconsciously processed, backward masked, fearful eyes are sufficient to facilitate spatial attention. To test this possibility, two dot-probe experiments with masked fearful eye stimuli were performed. In Experiment 1, we found that, relative to scrambled eyes, masked fearful eyes facilitate attentional orienting and delay attentional disengagement. In Experiment 2, we replicated this effect when comparing backward masked fearful to neutral eyes. Thus, the data suggest that nonconscious fearful eyes facilitate spatial attention through facilitated orienting and delayed disengagement.
      PubDate: 2016-02-04
  • Toward a general theory of motivation: Problems, challenges,
           opportunities, and the big picture
    • Abstract: Abstract Motivation theories have tended to focus on specific motivations, leaving open the intellectually and scientifically challenging problem of how to construct a general theory of motivation. The requirements for such a theory are presented here. The primacy of motivation emphasizes that cognition, emotion, agency, and other psychological processes exist to serve motivation. Both state (impulses) and trait (basic drives) forms of motivation must be explained, and their relationship must be illuminated. Not all motivations are the same, and indeed it is necessary to explain how motivation evolved from the simple desires of simple animals into the complex, multifaceted forms of human motivation. Motivation responds to the local environment but may also adapt to it, such as when desires increase after satiation or diminish when satisfaction is chronically unavailable. Addiction may be a special case of motivation—but perhaps it is much less special or different than prevailing cultural stereotypes suggest. The relationship between liking and wanting, and the self-regulatory management of motivational conflict, also require explanation by an integrative theory.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Instrumental help-seeking as a function of normative performance goal
           orientations: A “catastrophe”
    • Abstract: Abstract Research on achievement goal theory has suggested significant links between goal adoption and help-seeking behaviors. The present study investigates the effects of actual achievement and emotions on help-seeking behavior under conditions of normative and non-normative performance approach goals. Data were collected from 120 university students who were tested individually in a number of tasks with the aid of a specialized software. A cusp catastrophe model was tested, which significantly predicted help-seeking as a function of student’s affective experience during the normative goal condition only. The emotions of anger, sadness and surprise acted as bifurcation factors, while achievement on the task acted as the asymmetry variable. Findings were not replicated in the non-normative goal condition with the linear model fitting the data best in the absence of normative evaluations. It is concluded that the cusp catastrophe model provides a better understanding of help-seeking behavior during achievement pursuits when the possibility of failure is imminent.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Guiding others for their own good: Action orientation is associated with
           prosocial enactment of the implicit power motive
    • Abstract: Abstract Prior research has repeatedly documented how people who are implicitly motivated by power motives may hurt other people’s interests. However, people may also enact the implicit power motive (nPower) in a prosocial manner. Using an Operant Motive Test, the authors differentiated five enactment strategies within nPower and investigated personality antecedents and personal benefits of a prosocial enactment strategy. Two studies found that demand-related action orientation (i.e., ability to self-regulate positive affect) was associated with prosocial enactment of nPower. Furthermore, prosocial enactment of nPower was associated with a higher explicit power motive among future teachers (Study 1) and future psychologists (Study 2). Finally, there was an indirect effect of action orientation through the prosocial enactment of nPower on the explicit power motive (Studies 1 and 2) and, in turn, on well-being (Study 2). Our integration of motivation and self-regulation research (the “what” and “how” of goal striving) helps to better understand the dual nature of power motives.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Emotion, controllability and orientation towards stress as correlates of
           children’s coping with interpersonal stress
    • Abstract: Abstract Guided by the motivational theory of coping (Skinner and Zimmer-Gembeck in Ann Rev Psychol 58:119–144. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085705, 2007), we investigated children’s anticipated coping with three different stressful events (bullying, parental argument, parent–child verbal conflict), and examined whether their reliance on challenge coping responses versus threat coping responses could be accounted for by emotional reactions (including feelings of sadness, anger and fear), perceived controllability, and orientation or interest in the stressor. In addition, we examined parents’ reports of their children’s temperamental traits as correlates of coping. In random order followed by a positive stimulus, children (N = 206, age 8–12 years) watched each of the three stressful events, and reported their emotions, perceived control, orientation and coping after each one. As anticipated, results indicated that controllability was associated with more challenge coping (a composite of adaptive/approach coping responses such as problem solving and support seeking) and less threat coping (a composite of maladaptive/withdrawal coping responses such as helplessness and escape). In general, feelings of sadness were more strongly associated with challenge coping, whereas fear and anger especially related to more threat coping. Greater orientation towards the stressor was particularly predictive of more challenge coping, but also was associated with more threat coping in response to parent stressors. These associations were significant, even after controlling for temperament (negative reactivity, task persistence, withdrawal, and activity), which was generally unrelated to children’s coping. Other combinations of coping responses were also examined.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Resolving the paradox of shame: Differentiating among specific
           appraisal-feeling combinations explains pro-social and self-defensive
    • Abstract: Abstract Research has shown that people can respond both self-defensively and pro-socially when they experience shame. We address this paradox by differentiating among specific appraisals (of specific self-defect and concern for condemnation) and feelings (of shame, inferiority, and rejection) often reported as part of shame. In two Experiments (Study 1: N = 85; Study 2: N = 112), manipulations that put participants’ social-image at risk increased their appraisal of concern for condemnation. In Study 2, a manipulation of moral failure increased participants’ appraisal that they suffered a specific self-defect. In both studies, mediation analyses showed that effects of the social-image at risk manipulation on self-defensive motivation were explained by appraisal of concern for condemnation and felt rejection. In contrast, the effect of the moral failure manipulation on pro-social motivation in Study 2 was explained by appraisal of a specific self-defect and felt shame. Thus, distinguishing among the appraisals and feelings tied to shame enabled clearer prediction of pro-social and self-defensive responses to moral failure with and without risk to social-image.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Enjoying influence on others: Congruently high implicit and explicit power
           motives are related to teachers’ well-being
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study examined the associations of implicit and explicit power motives with the well-being of teachers. Teachers (N = 170) participated in an online assessment, which included measures for implicit motives (assessed by the operant motive test), explicit motives, and well-being. We expected congruently high power motives to be linked with the highest levels of well-being. We tested this assumption using polynomial regressions with response surface analysis. Results were consistent with our hypothesis. Additionally, there was an effect of directional motive incongruence (a combination of a low implicit and a high explicit power motive was associated with higher well-being than a high implicit/low explicit combination), which did not hold when controlling for emotional stability. Results for achievement were comparable, but weaker, and there was no effect for motive incongruence. No significant associations were found for motive (in)congruence in the affiliation domain. Our findings underline the importance of the power motive in understanding individual differences in teachers’ well-being.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Muslims’ emotions toward Americans predict support for Hezbollah and
           Al Qaeda for threat-specific reasons
    • Abstract: Abstract Using a random sample of 243 Muslims in Lebanon and Syria, we examined whether support for Hezbollah or for Al Qaeda is predicted by functionally-relevant emotional responses to specific threats perceived to be posed by Americans. In line with the sociofunctional approach, perceived resource domination threat from Americans elicited anger, and perceived value contamination threat elicited disgust/contempt toward Americans. Importantly, these intergroup emotions in turn differentially predicted support for Hezbollah and Al Qaeda through desires for the organizations to accomplish different goals to address the threat perceptions. Specifically, anger toward Americans predicted support for Hezbollah through desires for the organization to restore threatened symbolic resources by bringing pride and respect to Arabs. In contrast, disgust/contempt toward Americans predicted support for Al Qaeda through desires for the organization to protect threatened ingroup values by de-contaminating Islam from Western cultural influence. Theoretical explanations and implications for addressing and mitigating hostilities between the groups are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • What about the “ups and downs” in our daily life? The
           influence of affective instability on mental health
    • Abstract: Abstract Although affective instability is considered to be a crucial factor for mental disorders, research on affective instability and mental health is still rare. The aim of the present study was to investigate affective instability and mental health operationalized by the degree of psychological distress and life satisfaction. Using ecological momentary assessment, we investigated affective intensity and instability in a general population sample (n = 218). Psychological distress and life satisfaction were examined cross-sectionally and longitudinally. In general, we found that positive affect was more variable than negative affect. When we accounted for the overlap between variables, our findings demonstrated that besides the effects of intensity in negative affect and positive affect, higher positive affective instability was related to better concurrent mental health. Longitudinally, negative affective intensity was a decisive factor in the development of mental health. In sum, our findings revealed that affective instability was not dysfunctional per se. In fact, instability in positive affect seems to be important to achieve mental health.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • “I’m not the same person since I met you”: The role of
           romantic passion in how people change when they get involved in a romantic
    • Abstract: Abstract Using the dualistic perspective on romantic passion (Ratelle et al. in Motiv Emot 37:106–120, 2013; Vallerand et al. in J Pers Soc Psychol 85:756–767, 2003), the present research examined the role of harmonious and obsessive romantic passion in the prediction of personal changes in people’s lives associated with romantic relationships. Young adults recruited through universities (Studies 1 and 2) and social networking sites (Studies 2 and 3) composed the samples of the three studies. Results of Study 1 revealed that harmonious and obsessive passion both positively predicted perceptions of personal growth while they respectively negatively and positively predicted disengagement from important activities and other social relationships for the sake of the romantic relationship. These associations were either fully replicated (for harmonious passion) or partially replicated (for obsessive passion) when examined using a six-month longitudinal design (Study 2) and when the two outcomes (i.e., personal growth and social disengagement) were reported by an informant (Study 3). Overall, the results suggest that the nature and extent of changes in people’s lives as they become romantically involved may be predicted by the quality of their romantic passion.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • The action–trait theory of motivation: A commentary on Roy F.
           Baumeister’s 2014 address to the Society for the Study of Motivation
    • Abstract: Abstract Roy F. Baumeister’s 2014 presidential address to the Society for the Study of Motivation was a call to motivation scientists to address the lack of a grand theory of motivation and to encourage them to begin working on one. This commentary addresses some of the requirements of such a theory and discusses the relatively new action–trait theory of motivation as a viable candidate for such a grand theory of motivation. Action–trait theory is based on historic “purposive psychology” and incorporates the methods of individual differences psychology. It can be represented in eight falsifiable hypotheses, three of which have already received empirical support.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Let’s be healthy together: Relational motivation for physical health
           is more effective for women
    • Abstract: Abstract Four studies examined the role of relationally-autonomous reasons in health behavior (RARHs) and how gender moderates their association with health outcomes. Study 1 (n = 160) involved the development of a measure of RARHs. The results of a factor analysis distinguished RARHs from other types of health reasons. In Study 2, participants (n = 284) completed a survey assessing their relational reasons prior to taking assessments of their body composition and fitness level. In Study 3, participants (n = 577) completed an online survey assessing RARHs, self-construal and health behaviors. The results of Studies 2 and 3 showed that RARHs positively predicted healthy outcomes for females only. In Study 4, participants (n = 72) were asked to complete an online survey, attend an orientation session, keep track of their exercise and nutrition over the course of a week, and attend a follow-up session. The results revealed that having an exercise partner was positively associated with RARHs, and that this in turn predicted reported effort and progress outcomes at the follow-up session for females only. Implications for theories of motivation and gender differences are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • Brief loving-kindness meditation reduces racial bias, mediated by positive
           other-regarding emotions
    • Abstract: Abstract The relationship between positive emotions and implicit racial prejudice is unclear. Interventions using positive emotions to reduce racial bias have been found wanting, while other research shows that positive affect can sometimes exacerbate implicit prejudice. Nevertheless, loving-kindness meditation (LKM) has shown some promise as a method of reducing bias despite increasing a broad range of positive emotions. A randomised control trial (n = 69) showed that a short-term induction of LKM decreased automatic processing, increased controlled processing, and was sufficient to reduce implicit prejudice towards the target’s racial group but not towards a group untargeted by the meditation. Furthermore, the reduction in bias was shown to be mediated by other-regarding positive emotions alongside increased control and decreased automaticity on the IAT. Non-other-regarding positive emotions conversely showed no correlation with bias. The study is the first to show that a short-term positive emotional induction can reduce racial prejudice, and aids the understanding of how positive emotions functionally differentiate in affecting bias.
      PubDate: 2016-02-01
  • It’s in the means: Process focus helps against procrastination in
           the academic context
    • Abstract: Abstract Two studies tested the hypotheses (1) that focusing on the process of goal pursuit is associated with lower levels of procrastination and (2) that this relationship is moderated by fear of failure and task aversiveness. Study 1 used a between-subjects design with hypothetical scenarios (N = 92). Study 2 used a 5-week longitudinal within-subject design in a real-life context (N = 50). Both studies found converging evidence for the main-effect hypothesis, that is, process focus is negatively associated with procrastination in the academic context (e.g., studying for an exam). Process focus was also negatively related to task aversiveness and fear of failure. However, findings regarding moderation effects of fear of failure and task aversiveness were mixed. Taken together, findings support the hypothesis that the cognitive representation of a goal primarily in terms of its means (i.e., process focus) versus its outcome is related to less procrastination: Focusing on the process of a task can help to reduce procrastination.
      PubDate: 2016-01-19
  • Systems approaches to the treatment of motivation in human action: Three
    • Abstract: Abstract Baumeister’s energizing call-to-arms suggests theorists might wish to adopt more “radical” approaches toward theorizing about the role of motivation in human action. By radical, I mean re-igniting strands of theoretical analysis that were once more common in psychological scholarship but which have fallen to the wayside. At the heart of this argument is the proposal that theorists adopt an explicit systems approach to the study of motivation. Motivation would be neither a property of the organism potentially harboring it nor of the environment that triggers it. Instead, the complex interplay between the organism and environment would be the primary object of analysis. With this in mind, it would be wise to make three specific three notes. First, people are motivated not only by what they want to do, they literally feel anxious to avoid undesired actions and outcomes, too. Second, adaptive motivation would likely match motive to affordances in the environment that aid in motivational pursuits. Third, it might be important to identify a basic level in motivations, the level of motivational specificity containing the motives that predominantly drive human action.
      PubDate: 2016-01-11
  • Aspects of motivation: reflections on Roy Baumeister’s essay
    • Abstract: Abstract Reflecting on Roy Baumeister’s guidelines for a general theory of motivation, we relate his ideas to our own perspectives and interests. In those terms we consider, among others, the role of motivation in cognitive processes, the emergence of motives from basic needs, the mental representation of motives in memory, and the issue of free will. Roy’s paper compellingly demonstrates the indispensability of motivation to psychological phenomena writ large, and it aptly identifies critical junctures where further motivational research is needed.
      PubDate: 2016-01-02
  • Motivation theory essentials: Understanding motives and their conversion
           into effortful goal pursuit
    • Abstract: Abstract My commentary centers on two general theory essentials. One is a cogent depiction of motives and their operation. The other is an account of the conversion of motives into effortful goal pursuit. I construe motives as reasons to act that vary in strength, or importance, and have the capacity to (1) be either active or latent (quiescent), and (2) operate explicitly or implicitly. I argue that effort can, but will not necessarily, correspond to motive strength. After discussing the two essentials, I comment briefly on the relation between motive strength and desire, suggesting that the latter (desire) is not a simple function of the former (strength).
      PubDate: 2016-01-02
  • A grand theory of motivation: Why not?
    • Abstract: Abstract Baumeister asks what a grand theory of motivation might look like, and he identifies the key problems, challenges, and opportunities that need to be considered in its pursuit. I address four of these challenges—how to define motivation, whether motivation is a state or a trait, the primacy of motivation in psychology, and the necessity to not only manage motivational conflict but also to vitalize motivational assets. I focus primarily, however, on the key obstacle that prevents a grand theory—our non-shared assumptions about the nature and dynamics of motivation. I suggest we capitalize on new advances in statistics, methodology, and technology to test what used to be untestable assumptions about motivation. Shared assumptions are necessary for a coherent science, and only a coherent science is capable of constructing a general theory.
      PubDate: 2016-01-02
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