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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 934 journals)
Showing 801 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista do Departamento de Psicologia. UFF     Open Access  
Revista do NUFEN     Open Access  
Revista Electrónica de Metodología Aplicada     Open Access  
Revista Húmus     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicologia y Salud     Open Access  
Revista Intercontinental de Psicologia y Educacion     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, SOCIOTAM     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental     Open Access  
Revista Mal-estar E Subjetividade     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Orientación Educativa     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Pequén     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia Política     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia, Diversidade e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicopedagogia     Open Access  
Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
Revista «Poiésis»     Open Access  
Revue de psychoéducation     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée / European Review of Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revue québécoise de psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerca Psicoanalitica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerche di psicologia     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria     Full-text available via subscription  
Roeper Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Rorschachiana     Hybrid Journal  
RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics     Open Access  
Ruolo Terapeutico (IL)     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Psychological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social     Open Access  
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
School Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Seeing and Perceiving     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Setting     Full-text available via subscription  
Sexual Abuse A Journal of Research and Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual     Open Access  
Signum Temporis : Journal of Research in Pedagogy and Psychology     Open Access  
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Inquiry into Well-Being     Open Access  
Social Issues and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Psychological and Personality Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spatial Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Suma Psicologica     Open Access  
Swiss Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tätigkeitstheorie : E-Journal for Activity Theoretical Research in Germany     Open Access  
Teaching of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Terapia Psicológica     Open Access  
Tesis Psicologica     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
Thalamus & Related Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
The Arts in Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Clinical Neuropsychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Humanistic Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series B : Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Psychologist-Manager Journal     Hybrid Journal  
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Thinking & Reasoning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tobacco Use Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Trabalho (En)Cena     Open Access  
Transactional Analysis Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Universitas Psychologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Vinculo - Revista do NESME     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
VIVESIANA     Open Access  
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für die Notarpraxis     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Motivation and Emotion
  [SJR: 1.186]   [H-I: 56]   [26 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6644 - ISSN (Online) 0146-7239
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • The implicit power motive predicts decisions in line with perceived
           instrumentality
    • Authors: Peter Frank Stoeckart; Madelijn Strick; Erik Bijleveld; Henk Aarts
      Pages: 309 - 320
      Abstract: Past research suggests that the implicit power motive (i.e., an unconsciously held motivational disposition to derive pleasure from having impact on others) predicts a preference to interact with individuals having submissive-looking faces. The present research extends this finding by testing whether the relation between the implicit power motive and approaching submissiveness depends on instrumentality. In two experiments, participants were assigned to a group that would ostensibly compete with another group. Within this intergroup context, they were asked to select persons as leaders or members for the in-group or the out-group. Potential leaders and members were displayed as submissive-looking or dominant-looking. Results showed that the implicit power motive predicted decisions favoring dominant-looking persons as in-group leaders, and submissive-looking persons as out-group leaders (Study 1) or in-group members (Study 2). These findings indicate that the tendency for people high in the implicit power motive to approach submissive-looking persons depends on the perceived instrumentality for gaining influence over others.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9687-1
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The ego depletion effect on undergraduate university students: A
           systematic review
    • Authors: Keith Gissubel; Ana Beiramar; Teresa Freire
      Pages: 334 - 347
      Abstract: For most, the transition from high school to university marks the simultaneous transition from adolescence into emerging adulthood. Many studies have discussed the degradation of health throughout this time period and identified the increased chance of this cohort engaging in risky or unhealthy behavior. Ego depletion may provide a useful tool for beginning the exploration of this transition and its challenges. This systematic review intends to identify the studies over the last 5 years that have focused on the effect of ego depletion on cognitive and emotional variables with university students. The systematic search resulted in 48 studies from which to draw data and revealed that undergraduate university students are susceptible to the ego depletion effect (92% significant), and that it pervades across wide variety of cognitive and emotional variables such as self-control, prospective memory, and anxiety. These studies could yield suggestions for future planning of advisor–student relationships, peer-to-peer assistance programs, and many other useful avenues for easing the early years of university.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9686-2
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The (non-)benefit of choosing: If you get what you want it is not
           important that you chose it
    • Authors: Matthias Wilde; Melanie Basten; Nadine Großmann; Darius Haunhorst; Inga Desch; Matthias Strüber; Christoph Randler
      Pages: 348 - 359
      Abstract: Self-Determination Theory argues that autonomy plays a major role in intrinsic motivation. Autonomy can be operationalized as choice. Whether positive effects on motivation are caused by the mere act of choosing or by confounding variables is still unclear. In this study (N = 299, Mage = 13.1 ± 0.6 years), students could work with two polarizing animals. The first group was allowed to choose (choosing & match), two groups were not. In these groups, the teacher allocated the animals to the students resulting in a second group that received the wanted animal (no choosing & match), and a third group that received the unwanted animal (no choosing & no match). Situational motivation and flow experience were assessed. Regarding intrinsic motivation and flow, students in the no choosing & match treatment scored the highest, students of the no choosing & no match group the lowest. In conclusion, matching and not choosing made the difference.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9675-5
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Motivation to comply with task rules and multitasking performance: The
           role of need for cognitive closure and goal importance
    • Authors: Ewa Szumowska; Małgorzata Kossowska; Arne Roets
      Pages: 360 - 376
      Abstract: In three studies, we examined the role task rules play in multitasking performance. We postulated that rules should be especially important for individuals highly motivated to have structure and clear answers, i.e., those high on need for cognitive closure (NFC). High NFC should thus be related to greater compliance with task rules. Specifically, given high goal importance, NFC should be more strongly related to a multitasking strategy when multitasking is imposed by the rules, and to a mono-tasking strategy when monotasking is imposed by the rules. This should translate into better multitasking or mono-tasking performance, depending on condition. Overall, the results were supportive as NFC was related to a more mono-tasking strategy in the mono-tasking condition (Studies 1 and 2 only) and more dual-tasking strategy in the dual-tasking condition (Studies 1–3). This translated into respective differences in performance. The effects were significant only when goal importance was high (Study 1) and held when cognitive ability was controlled for (Study 2).
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9678-2
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Conscientiousness and effort-related cardiac activity in response to
           piece-rate cash incentives
    • Authors: Kelly L. Harper; Paul J. Silvia; Kari M. Eddington; Sarah H. Sperry; Thomas R. Kwapil
      Pages: 377 - 385
      Abstract: Although conscientiousness predicts many aspects of motivation, from delay of gratification to higher achievement, its relationship to responses to monetary incentives is surprisingly inconsistent. Several studies have found null or negative relationships between conscientiousness and behavioral performance in piece-rate, pay-for-performance tasks, in which people earn money for each unit of work completed. In the present study, we examined the role of conscientiousness in effort-related cardiac activity and behavioral performance during a pay-for-performance task. People worked on a self-paced, piece-rate cognitive task in which they earned 1 cent or 5 cents, manipulated within-person, for each correct response. Conscientiousness predicted greater physiological effort (i.e., shorter pre-ejection period [PEP] reactivity) as incentives increased but had no effect on behavioral performance. The findings suggest that conscientiousness is significantly related to effort for piece-rate tasks, and they reinforce a core idea in motivational intensity theory: effort, performance, and persistence are distinct outcomes that often diverge, so drawing conclusions about effort from performance can be complex.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9668-4
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Effects of implicit fear of failure on cognitive processing: A diffusion
           model analysis
    • Authors: Veronika Lerche; Andreas B. Neubauer; Andreas Voss
      Pages: 386 - 402
      Abstract: Whereas previous studies suggest that individuals with high implicit fear of failure (FF) perform worse on various indicators of general performance, the underlying mechanisms of this effect have not yet been understood. In our experimental study, 280 participants worked on a binary color discrimination task. Half of the participants were frustrated by means of negative performance feedback, while the control group received mainly positive feedback. We employed a diffusion model analysis (Ratcliff in Psychol Rev 85(2):59–108, 1978) to disentangle the different components involved in the execution of the task. Results revealed that participants in the frustration condition adopted more conservative decision settings (threshold separation parameter of the diffusion model). Besides, high implicit FF was related to slow information accumulation (drift), and this relation was stronger in the frustration condition. Participants with higher FF further showed reduced learning rates during the task. Task related intrusive thoughts are discussed as mechanism for reduced performance of high FF individuals. We conclude that diffusion model analyses can contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the effects of psychological motives.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9691-5
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The manageability of empathic (in)accuracy during couples’ conflict:
           Relationship-protection or self-protection'
    • Authors: C. Hinnekens; T. Loeys; M. De Schryver; L. L. Verhofstadt
      Pages: 403 - 418
      Abstract: The current study sought to expand upon research on motivated empathic (in)accuracy by testing assumptions underlying the empathic accuracy model, namely if a perceiver’s level of empathic accuracy is variable and might be associated with different outcomes depending the situation. More specifically, the model assumes that (a) the perception of threat in the thoughts/feelings of an interaction partner can result in a lower level of empathic accuracy, and (b) empathic accuracy can both improve and harm situational well-being on the personal and relationship level. These assumptions were tested in a laboratory-based study in which couples participated in a conflict interaction task and reported on their thought processes during a video-review task. All participants also completed a similar standard-stimulus task. A shift in participants’ motivation to be accurate to a motivation to be inaccurate in response to perceived threat could not be detected. Men’s higher levels of empathic accuracy for non-threatening feelings of their female partner were predictive of an increased feeling of closeness in men. Women’s higher levels of empathic accuracy for non-threatening feelings of the male partner were predictive for a better mood in women. A harmful effect of empathic accuracy for threatening thoughts/feelings on situational well-being was not found.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9689-z
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • How does frustration make you feel' A motivational analysis in
           exercise context
    • Authors: Diogo S. Teixeira; Marlene N. Silva; António L. Palmeira
      Pages: 419 - 428
      Abstract: Not all exercisers experience the same psychological benefits. The understanding of motivational processes and their relation with emotional consequences of exercise should be considered in the context of the exercisers motivation. This was a cross-sectional study of 153 gym users (M = 36.21 years, SD = 8.44; 44.9% men, 55.1% women; M years exercise = 8). Weekly attendance averaged 4.3 (SD = 2.6) sessions per week; reported exertion intensity was 5.6 (SD = 2.1) (scale: 0–11). The basic psychological needs (BPNs) posited by self-determination theory, motivational regulation, and emotional response to physical activity, were measured. Possible mediators of BPN-emotion relationships were analyzed. BPN satisfaction was associated with a positive emotional response to exercise which was partially mediated by the effect of autonomous regulation on positive activation and psychological well-being. Mediation models indicated that the negative effects of BPN frustration were counteracted by autonomous regulation. Exercise professionals should be able to create psychologically supportive contexts and identify behaviors associated with need frustration so as to enhance emotional responses to exercise.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9690-6
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The indirect effects of emotion regulation on the association between
           attachment style, depression, and meaning made among undergraduates who
           experienced stressful events
    • Authors: Gina P. Owens; Philip Held; Lauren Hamrick; Emily Keller
      Pages: 429 - 437
      Abstract: Undergraduates frequently report exposure to stressful life events which may negatively impact mental health. The current study examined associations among attachment style, depression, and meaning made, and tested both direct effects and indirect effects through emotion regulation difficulties. Undergraduates (N = 336) who reported having experienced stressful and/or potentially traumatic events completed measures through an online survey. More than half of participants (64%) were female, with a mean age of 19.26 years. In both models, higher attachment anxiety and higher attachment avoidance were significantly associated with greater difficulties with accessing emotion regulation strategies, which in turn were related to higher depression symptom severity and lower meaning made. Lack of emotional awareness also partially explained the associations between attachment avoidance and outcomes in both models. Difficulties in engaging in goal-directed behavior partially explained the associations between attachment anxiety and meaning made, but not depression symptom severity. Our results suggest certain emotion regulation strategies may be key mechanisms through which individuals with high attachment anxiety or avoidance may reduce the potential negative mental health impact that stressful life events may have.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9688-0
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The impact of implicitly and explicitly primed ingroup–outgroup
           categorization on the evaluation of others pain: The case of the
           Jewish–Arab conflict
    • Authors: Ramzi Suleiman; Reem Yahya; Jean Decety; Simone Shamay-Tsoory
      Pages: 438 - 445
      Abstract: Despite the automaticity of affective sharing, many studies have documented the role of top-down effects, such as social categorization, on people’s empathic responses. An important question, largely ignored in previous research, concerns empathy to ingroup and outgroup members’ pain in the contexts of ongoing intergroup conflict. In the present study we examined how implicit and explicit ethnic social categorization of others affects empathy to pain in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. To meet this aim, we assessed the evaluation of pain by Jewish and Arab participants who viewed a series of visual stimuli depicting painful and non-painful familiar situations. The stimuli were associated with explicitly or implicitly primed typical names depicting ingroup, neutral outgroup, and adversary outgroup members. Results demonstrate that pain ratings in the explicit priming condition provide support for the ingroup empathy hypothesis, positing that empathy is higher for ingroup than for outgroup members for both Jews and Palestinian Arabs. Conversely, when the targets’ categories are primed implicitly, results revealed difference in empathy by the two ethnic groups where an ingroup bias was detected only for Palestinian Arabs. This suggests that the activation of ingroup bias on the subliminal implicit level among Palestinian Arab participants might be mediated by the amount of conflict permeating in their daily lives and by deeply rooted cultural values and behavioural patterns.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9677-3
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Empathic understanding: Benefits of perspective-taking and facial mimicry
           instructions are mediated by self-other overlap
    • Authors: Alison N. Cooke; Doris G. Bazzini; Lisa A. Curtin; Lisa J. Emery
      Pages: 446 - 457
      Abstract: The current study sought to better understand the utility of two strategies—perspective-taking and facial mimicry—proposed to increase empathic responding. Thirty-seven female participants were presented an interpersonal situation (a betrayal) that would elicit the use of empathic responding to achieve conflict resolution between friends. Each participant was given instructions to partake in either perspective-taking, facial mimicry, or to remain neutral (control condition). The results demonstrated that individuals who engaged in perspective-taking reported significantly higher state empathy than the control condition, but there was no significant difference in state empathy between the mimicry and control condition. Also, those who engaged in either strategy reported significantly higher self-other overlap relative to those not instructed to engage in a particular strategy. Importantly, self-other overlap mediated the association between the instructional sets and state empathy. Both strategies are arguably means of enhancing interpersonal understanding.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9671-9
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Basic psychological needs and work motivation: A longitudinal test of
           directionality
    • Authors: Anja H. Olafsen; Edward L. Deci; Hallgeir Halvari
      Pages: 178 - 189
      Abstract: Most work-related studies of self-determination theory (SDT) have focused either on satisfaction of basic psychological needs or on types of work motivation when studying motivational processes at work. The few studies that have considered both mechanisms have usually assumed that satisfaction or frustration of basic psychological needs is a prerequisite of different types of work motivation. Nevertheless, the directionality of this relation has not been explicitly tested in previous studies of the workplace. The current study explored the relations among managerial need support, basic psychological need satisfaction at work, and work motivation. It tested competing sets of hypotheses regarding the directionality of these three core constructs within SDT’s model of work motivation. A longitudinal analysis suggested that managerial need support was positively directly related to basic psychological need satisfaction but not directly related to work motivation. Further, results indicated that basic psychological need satisfaction was related to work motivation over time and not the other way around. In addition, it was found an indirect relation between in managerial need support and in work motivation through in basic psychological need satisfaction. These findings have important implications for future SDT research testing process models in the workplace.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9646-2
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Adolescents’ regulatory emotional self-efficacy beliefs and daily
           affect intensity
    • Authors: Marta Bassi; Antonella Delle Fave; Patrizia Steca; Gian Vittorio Caprara
      Pages: 287 - 298
      Abstract: Self-efficacy beliefs in emotion regulation were shown to foster well-being and psychosocial adaptation over time. In this study, we investigated their relationship with daily affect intensity among 199 adolescents aged 15–19. Participants completed the Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale measuring perceived capability to manage the experience and expression of negative emotions (SE-NE) and positive emotions (SE-PO). Through Experience Sampling Method, for 1 week they also repeatedly rated their positive affect (happiness and contentment) and negative affect (anger, anxiety, sadness). Multilevel regression models revealed an additive intensifying predictive effect of SE-PO and SE-NE on happiness and contentment, and a single direct negative effect of SE-NE on sadness. Models also highlighted an interactive effect of SE-PO and SE-NE on all negative affect variables, such that only at low SE-PO levels did high SE-NE predict lower negative affect. Findings support the relation between adolescents’ regulatory emotional self-efficacy beliefs and their daily affect intensity, bringing forward suggestions for intervention.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9669-3
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Interactions of emotion regulation and perceived stress in predicting
           emerging adults’ subsequent internalizing symptoms
    • Authors: Evan Zahniser; Colleen S. Conley
      Abstract: Emotion regulation is consistently linked to subsequent wellbeing, but little research has examined the moderating role of emotion regulation in longitudinal associations between mental health and other relevant factors. This study examines two specific emotion regulation strategies interacting with perceived stress to predict subsequent internalizing symptoms among emerging adults transitioning to college, a population for whom emotion regulation may be particularly important. A sample of 1130 college students provided data at three time points. Results indicated that cognitive reappraisal buffered against negative effects of stress, whereas expressive suppression was an independent risk factor for internalizing symptoms. Findings underscore the importance of emotion regulation, highlighting cognitive reappraisal as a protective factor against stress and further demonstrating the direct negative impacts of expressive suppression.
      PubDate: 2018-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9696-0
       
  • Self-control failure scenarios in daily life: Developing a taxonomy of
           goals and temptations
    • Authors: Jennifer C. Veilleux; Morgan A. Hill; Kayla D. Skinner; Garrett A. Pollert; Kaitlyn D. Spero; Danielle E. Baker
      Abstract: Our aim was to develop a taxonomy of commonly experienced goals and temptations. We expected to find evidence of interpersonal self-control challenges and avoidance temptations (e.g., avoid a difficult conversation), as these are anecdotally frequent but under represented in the psychological literature. In Study 1, we used qualitative coding to develop a taxonomy, after asking people to describe a goal and a competing temptation in four recent personal situations involving self-control failure. From these narrative descriptions, we identified categories of goals and temptations and then coded each scenario. We then verified the frequency of these goal and temptation categories (Study 2). Findings revealed many instances of interpersonal self-control challenges and some evidence of avoidance temptations, as well as the common phenomenon of being tempted to “not do the goal.” We discuss the variability in how people describe their goals in terms of approach and avoidance framing with the intention of outlining avenues for future research on commonly experienced self-control scenarios.
      PubDate: 2018-04-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9695-1
       
  • Sources of evaluation of parental behaviors as predictors of achievement
           outcomes
    • Authors: Catherine F. Ratelle; Alexandre J. S. Morin; Frédéric Guay; Stéphane Duchesne
      Abstract: Parents contribute to their children’s academic achievements by supporting their basic psychological needs. Parents’ need supporting behaviors (NSB) were expected to predict positive academic outcomes such as students’ academic performance and persistence intentions. The present study tested the contribution of parental NSB by distinguishing which of the source of evaluation (parent or adolescent) or specific NSB (autonomy support, involvement, structure) was a better predictor of youths’ academic performance and persistence intentions. This prospective study used a sample of 435 mother–adolescent dyads and 246 father–adolescent dyads, who completed two questionnaires a year apart. Results suggested that poor agreement between sources precluded the adoption of a multitrait-multimethod model. Using distinct factors for mothers, fathers, and adolescents to evaluate each NSB, different predictions were found for each outcome. Our results showed stronger contributions for paternal behaviors than for maternal ones, from the perspective of both students and their parents. These findings are examined in light of theories and research on parenting and education.
      PubDate: 2018-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9692-4
       
  • Motivational predictors of learning strategies, participation, exertion,
           and performance in physical education: A randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Svein Olav Ulstad; Hallgeir Halvari; Øystein Sørebø; Edward L. Deci
      Abstract: Teachers’ support of student autonomy in physical education (PE) is believed to be important for students’ motivation and outcomes in PE. We tested the hypothesis that an intervention designed to help teachers to be more autonomy supportive in teaching their students to use learning strategies (relative to standard teaching) would increase students’ perceived autonomy support from the teachers, perceived competence, autonomous motivation, use of learning strategies and their exertion, participation, and grades in PE over a school year. We also tested a self-determination theory (SDT) process model. Experimental effects of the intervention yielded significant positive effects on changes in perceived autonomy support, learning strategies defined as absorption and effort regulation, as well as for performance (i.e., grades). In testing the SDT process model with SEM, most of the predicted paths were significantly supported.
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9694-2
       
  • Situational meaninglessness and state boredom: Cross-sectional and
           experience-sampling findings
    • Authors: Christian S. Chan; Wijnand A. P. van Tilburg; Eric R. Igou; Cyanea Y. S. Poon; Katy Y. Y. Tam; Venus U. T. Wong; S. K. Cheung
      Abstract: Theories of boredom assert that boredom is a product of situational meaninglessness. We conducted two studies to test if the perceived meaningfulness of a situation is associated with state boredom, above and beyond sadness, personality traits, and boredom proneness. In Study 1, 105 participants (72.4% female: mean age = 33.9 years, SD = 17.5) described situations in which they experienced boredom, no boredom, engagement, or sadness. They then rated the level of state boredom, sadness, and meaninglessness that they experienced in that situation. As hypothesized, state boredom was associated with situational meaninglessness, before and after controlling for sadness. In Study 2, 148 participants (73.0% female; mean age = 19.2 years, SD = 1.8) first provided baseline data on personality traits and boredom proneness. Through a smartphone app-based experience-sampling method, they then responded to a brief questionnaire multiple times a day, across 7 days. The questionnaire asked about the nature of their current activity, whether the activity was done alone or with other people, and their affective state. Results from multilevel modelling of 3022 entries suggest that perceived meaningfulness of the activity was negatively associated with state boredom, above and beyond sadness, personality, and boredom proneness. We also found that being with others during the activity acted as a moderator; activities lower in perceived meaningfulness were associated with higher ratings of state boredom when done with others than when done alone. These results demonstrate that perceptions of meaninglessness characterize state boredom.
      PubDate: 2018-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9693-3
       
  • It’s a matter of time (perspectives): shifting valence responses to
           emotional ambiguity
    • Authors: Maital Neta; Tien T. Tong; Daniel J. Henley
      Abstract: Our stage in life has profound influences on our emotions. A well-established age-related positivity effect is putatively related to time perspectives—older adults have a limited time perspective and a greater motivation to experience positivity than young adults. Ambiguous emotions (e.g., surprised expressions) have both a positive and negative meaning, offering a highly relevant model for examining this developmental trend. Indeed, there are stable, trait-like individual differences in valence bias, or the tendency to interpret surprise as positive or negative, with a developmental trend toward positivity (older adults are more positive than young adults, who are more positive than children). However, little research has determined the extent to which the bias can be shifted. In three experiments, we found that ambiguity ratings were sensitive to time perspectives, even within a population of college students, and that this effect is relatively long-lasting. Results extend socioemotional selectivity theory and demonstrate that our life stage may have profound effects on otherwise stable emotional responses.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9665-7
       
  • Thoughts about a successful future encourage action in the face of
           challenge
    • Authors: Mesmin Destin; Vida M. Manzo; Sarah S. M. Townsend
      Abstract: College environments can put lower socioeconomic status (SES) female students at particular risk of withdrawing during challenging academic situations. However, thinking about reaching a successful future identity may encourage these students to take action rather than withdraw. In a laboratory experiment, we tested the hypothesis that imagining a successful future identity would help lower SES female students to actively and successfully confront challenging tasks (i.e., a mock student–faculty interaction and difficult academic test). As predicted, when future identities were cued rather than past identities, lower SES female students demonstrated greater action readiness. Specifically, they showed more expansive body posture during the mock interaction and more attempts to complete the academic test, which led to better performance. The motivation to take action among higher SES and male students, who are at lower risk of vulnerability in college environments, was not influenced by future identities.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9664-0
       
 
 
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