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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 880 journals)
Showing 801 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
SIGNUM TEMPORIS : Journal of Pedagogy and Psychology     Open Access  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Inquiry into Well-Being     Open Access  
Social Issues and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Psychological and Personality Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spatial Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Suma Psicologica     Open Access  
Swiss Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Tätigkeitstheorie : E-Journal for Activity Theoretical Research in Germany     Open Access  
Teaching of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Terapia Psicológica     Open Access  
Tesis Psicologica     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
The Arts in Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Clinical Neuropsychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Humanistic Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series B : Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Thinking & Reasoning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tobacco Use Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Transactional Analysis Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Universitas Psychologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Vinculo - Revista do NESME     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für die Notarpraxis     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Motivation and Emotion
  [SJR: 1.186]   [H-I: 56]   [26 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6644 - ISSN (Online) 0146-7239
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • When is your partner willing to help you' The role of daily goal
           conflict and perceived gratitude
    • Authors: Sara Kindt; Maarten Vansteenkiste; Annmarie Cano; Liesbet Goubert
      Abstract: Abstract Motivation to provide help might vary from day-to-day. Previous research showed that autonomously motivated help (i.e., helping because you enjoy/value this behavior), compared with controlled motivated help (i.e., helping because you feel you should do so), has beneficial effects for both the help provider and recipient. In a sample of chronic pain patients and partners (N = 64 dyads), this diary study examined whether (1) same- and prior day perceived gratitude (i.e., received appreciation for providing support) in partners and (2) same- and prior day goal conflicts in partners (i.e., amount of interference between helping one’s partner in pain and other goals) predicted partners’ helping motivation. Partners provided more autonomously motivated help on days that they perceived more gratitude from their partner and when they experienced less goal conflicts. Lagged analyses indicated that perceived gratitude (but not goal conflict) even predicted an increase in autonomous helping motivation the next day. Implications are discussed in the context of Self-Determination Theory.
      PubDate: 2017-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9635-5
       
  • Valence specific response reversal deficits and risk for mania
    • Authors: Anna Feiss; Sheri L. Johnson; Andrew Peckham; James Blair
      Abstract: Abstract Response reversal deficits are well documented in bipolar disorder (BD). Although frequently construed as an index of reward processing abnormalities, these response reversal deficits might simply result from more general cognitive inflexibility. Given that both are implicated in BD, our goal was to more carefully test whether reversal learning deficits are specific to reward processing or reflect more general cognitive inflexibility. To more carefully assess deficits, a novel variant of the response reversal task was used to separate responses to in reward versus punishment feedback. In addition, while response reversal deficits are well documented in BD, it is still unknown if these deficits are observable in people at risk for the disorder, whose performance would be unconfounded by medication use and illness course. To assess the presence of premorbid response reversal deficits, we tested students at risk for developing BD, as defined by the well-validated Hypomanic Personality Scale. Undergraduates (n = 99) were randomly assigned to complete either a reward only or a punishment only version of a response reversal task. Mania risk was related to difficulty reversing responses following reward, but not punishment feedback. Findings suggest that a deficit in response reversal may be an index of reward dysregulation in BD, and that this deficit can be observed even in those at high risk for the development of BD.
      PubDate: 2017-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9633-7
       
  • Goal orientations and social comparison: The role of different motivations
           in affiliation preferences
    • Authors: Yoobin Park; Sun W. Park
      Abstract: Abstract In light of previous findings that both task and ego orientations are related to engagement in social comparison, the present research aimed to investigate this association in depth by examining why and with whom task- and ego-oriented individuals engage in comparisons. In Study 1, we found that task-oriented individuals tended to prefer working with a high performer because they wanted to improve themselves. In Study 2, we provided participants with success or failure feedback before asking them to indicate partner preferences. In the face of failure, task-oriented individuals showed a preference for a high performer due to self-improvement motivation. On the contrary, ego-oriented individuals were more motivated to feel superior to others and/or less motivated to improve themselves, which in turn led them to prefer a less competent partner. The present research demonstrated that the seemingly identical relation between the two goal orientations and the tendency to engage in social comparison might be substantially different in nature.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9634-6
       
  • Group-centrism in the absence of group norms: The role of need for closure
           in social projection
    • Authors: Jonas De keersmaecker; Arne Roets
      Abstract: Abstract The need for closure (NFC) promotes group-centrism, referring to the pursuit of a shared reality in a group, commonly achieved through conformity to and introjection of group norms. The present study expands this perspective by examining how NFC motivates projection of one’s own norms on groups, as an alternative means to achieve epistemic security in the absence of clear group norms. In Study 1 (N = 261), individual differences in NFC predicted social projection onto an incidental crowd, providing evidence for the generic effect of NFC on social projection. In line with the assertion that the epistemic value of a collectivity is a function of the degree to which the collectivity matters for the individual, Study 2 (N = 239) and Study 3 (N = 223) revealed that NFC effects on social projection were strengthened for in-groups and disappeared for out-groups. Furthermore, mediation analyses demonstrated that essentialist entitativity beliefs mediate the relationship between NFC and in-group projection.
      PubDate: 2017-08-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9630-x
       
  • Attribution-based motivation treatment efficacy in an online learning
           environment for students who differ in cognitive elaboration
    • Authors: Jeremy M. Hamm; Raymond P. Perry; Judith G. Chipperfield; Kou Murayama; Bernard Weiner
      Abstract: Abstract Attribution-based motivation treatments can boost performance in competitive achievement settings (Perry and Hamm 2017), yet their efficacy relative to mediating processes and affect-based treatments remains largely unexamined. In a two-semester, pre-post, randomized treatment study (n = 806), attributional retraining (AR) and stress-reduction (SR) treatments were administered in an online learning environment to first-year college students who differed in cognitive elaboration (low, high). Low elaborators who received AR outperformed their SR peers by nearly a letter grade on a class test assessed 5 months post-treatment. Path analysis revealed this AR-performance linkage was mediated by causal attributions, perceived control, and positive and negative achievement emotions in a hypothesized causal sequence. Results advance the literature by showing AR (vs. SR) improved performance indirectly via cognitive and affective process variables specified by Weiner’s (1985a, 2012) attribution theory of motivation and emotion.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9632-8
       
  • Effectiveness of a short audiovisual emotion recognition training program
           in adults
    • Authors: Katja Schlegel; Ishabel M. Vicaria; Derek M. Isaacowitz; Judith A. Hall
      Abstract: Abstract The ability to recognize emotions from others’ nonverbal behavior (emotion recognition ability, ERA) is crucial to successful social functioning. However, currently no self-administered ERA training for non-clinical adults covering multiple sensory channels exists. We conducted four studies in a lifespan sample of participants in the laboratory and online (total N = 531) to examine the effectiveness of a short computer-based training for 14 different emotions using audiovisual clips of emotional expressions. Results showed that overall, young and middle-aged participants that had received the training scored significantly higher on facial, vocal, and audiovisual emotion recognition than the control groups. The training effect for audiovisual ERA persisted over 4 weeks. In older adults (59–90 years), however, the training had no effect. The new, brief training could be useful in applied settings such as professional training, at least for younger and middle-aged adults. In older adults, improving ERA might require a longer and more interactive intervention.
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9631-9
       
  • Approach-avoidance goals and relationship problems, communication of
           stress, and dyadic coping in couples
    • Authors: Monika Kuster; Sabine Backes; Veronika Brandstätter; Fridtjof W. Nussbeck; Thomas N. Bradbury; Dorothee Sutter-Stickel; Guy Bodenmann
      Abstract: Abstract Partners in romantic relationships differ in the extent to which they are oriented towards positive outcomes (e.g., intimacy) or away from negative outcomes (e.g., conflict). The present study examines these approach-avoidance relationship goals in relation to self-reported relationship problems, stress communication, and dyadic coping. Hypotheses were tested on a dyadic level (Actor-Partner Interdependence Model) using data from 368 couples. As expected, people endorsing approach goals reported fewer relationship problems, more effective stress communication, and better dyadic coping. People endorsing avoidance goals reported more relationship problems and poorer dyadic coping. Further, approach-oriented people tended to perceive their partner as being more communicative and more supportive, whereas avoidance-oriented people tended to perceive their partner as more communicative but less supportive. Reports by partners agreed with the self-reports of approach- and avoidance-oriented spouses concerning stress communication and dyadic coping. These findings highlight motivational factors in general, and orientation towards approach-avoidance goals in particular, as key features in understanding relationship maintenance.
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9629-3
       
  • Parental autonomy-supportive practices and toddlers’ rule
           internalization: A prospective observational study
    • Authors: Julie C. Laurin; Mireille Joussemet
      Abstract: Abstract Motivational research conducted within self-determination theory suggests that autonomy-supportive (AS) parenting fosters rule internalization, while more controlling tactics hinder it. The goal of the present study is to examine how AS in a socialization context relates to toddlers’ internalization. Toddlers participated in a clean-up and a toy prohibition task at 2 and 3.5 years of age (T1: N = 102; T2: N = 85). Their parent’s disciplinary strategies were coded the first year. Toddlers’ committed compliance, indicative of rule internalization, was coded at both time points. After controlling for covariates and initial committed compliance, a linear regression was conducted to predict change in committed compliance over time. As expected, results reveal that parental AS strategies when toddlers were 2 years old were positively related to an improvement in committed compliance from 2 to 3.5 years of age, while controlling strategies predicted deterioration. This prospective, observational study suggests that supporting toddlers’ autonomy in socialization contexts fosters rule internalization.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9627-5
       
  • Facial emotion recognition, guilt and sub-clinical psychopathic traits: an
           exploration of mediation effects
    • Authors: Catherine E. Prado; Matt S. Treeby; Simon M. Rice; Simon F. Crowe
      Abstract: Abstract Psychopathic traits are associated with a variety of emotional difficulties, including poor facial emotion recognition (FER) and reduced capacity to experience guilt. However, the potential mechanisms through which FER and low guilt-proneness are related to the development of psychopathic traits are not well understood. Using a non-clinical sample (N = 747), this study investigated the relationship between psychopathic traits, FER ability and guilt-proneness by exploring two alternative mediation models investigating: (a) the mediating effect of FER ability on the relationship between psychopathic traits and guilt-proneness, and (b) the mediating effect of psychopathic traits on the relationship between FER ability and guilt-proneness. FER ability did not significantly mediate the relationship between psychopathic traits and guilt-proneness. However, psychopathic traits did partially mediate the relationship between FER and guilt-proneness for the sad, angry, fearful and disgusted expressions. These findings suggest that psychopathic traits are related to a disruption in typical affective processing and the development of pro-social moral self-conscious emotions.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9628-4
       
  • Drawn towards what others seem to like: Implicit preference for objects
           and people looked at with a duchenne smile
    • Authors: Elena Canadas; Marianne Schmid Mast
      Abstract: Abstract People tend to like objects that are looked at by others, especially if the person looking at the object expresses a positive emotion. But not all positive emotions are equal. We investigated the effect of third party gazing while expressing subtle positive emotions on perceivers’ subsequent preferences and evaluations of objects and people. In two studies participants saw faces looking at target objects and people either with a Duchenne, a non-Duchenne smile, or a neural expression. Participants first indicated gaze direction and later reported intuitive target preference and evaluated the targets. Results show a preference for target stimuli that were smiled at with a Duchenne smile as opposed to when they were looked at with a non-Duchenne smile or a neutral expression. More explicit evaluations of the target stimuli were not affected by the type of facial expression.
      PubDate: 2017-07-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9626-6
       
  • You can do it if you really try: The effects of motivation on thinking for
           pleasure
    • Authors: Sarah Alahmadi; Nicholas R. Buttrick; Daniel T. Gilbert; Amber M. Hardin; Erin C. Westgate; Timothy D. Wilson
      Abstract: Abstract People find it difficult to enjoy their own thoughts when asked to do so, but what happens when they are asked to think about whatever they want' Do they find thinking more or less enjoyable' In the present studies, we show that people are more successful in enjoying their thoughts when instructed to do so. We present evidence in support of four reasons why this is: without instructions people do not realize how enjoyable it will be to think for pleasure, they do not realize how personally meaningful it will be to do so, they believe that thinking for pleasure will be effortful, and they believe it would be more worthwhile to engage in planning than to try to enjoy their thoughts. We discuss the practical implications of thinking for pleasure for promoting alternatives to the use of technology.
      PubDate: 2017-07-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9625-7
       
  • Your goals or mine' Women’s personal and vicarious eating regulation
           goals and their partners’ perceptions of support, well-being, and
           relationship quality
    • Authors: Noémie Carbonneau; Marina Milyavskaya
      Abstract: Abstract This research examined the types of eating regulation goals that women have for themselves as well as for their romantic partner, and how these relate to their interpersonal style toward their partner, and to their partner’s psychological and relational well-being. Participants were 131 heterosexual couples. Results show that the eating regulation goals that women have for their partner (health or appearance oriented) reflect the type of goals that they personally pursue. Furthermore, women who have health-focused eating goals for their partner are perceived as more autonomy-supportive, which is associated with the partner’s report of higher relationship quality. Conversely, women who have appearance-focused eating goals for their partner are more likely to be perceived as controlling, which negatively predicts the partner’s psychological and relational well-being. These results attest to the importance of considering women’s personal eating regulation goals for a better understanding of the type of goals they have for their partners and how these relate to their partners’ well-being and relationship quality.
      PubDate: 2017-06-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9623-9
       
  • The influence of emotion type, social value orientation and processing
           focus on approach-avoidance tendencies to negative dynamic facial
           expressions
    • Authors: Laura Kaltwasser; Kerry Moore; André Weinreich; Werner Sommer
      Abstract: Abstract Facial expressions of anger and fear have been seen to elicit avoidance behavior in the perceiver due to their negative valence. However, recent research uncovered discrepancies regarding these immediate motivational implications of fear and anger, suggesting that not all negative emotions trigger avoidance to a comparable extent. To clarify those discrepancies, we considered recent theoretical and methodological advances, and investigated the role of social preferences and processing focus on approach-avoidance tendencies (AAT) to negative facial expressions. We exposed participants to dynamic facial expressions of anger, disgust, fear, or sadness, while they processed either the emotional expression or the gender of the faces. AATs were assessed by reaction times of lever movements, and by posture changes via head-tracking. We found that—relative to angry faces-, fearful and sad faces triggered more approach, with a larger difference between fear and anger in prosocial compared to individualistic participants. Interestingly, these findings are in line with a recently developed concern hypothesis, suggesting that—relative to other negative expressions—expressions of distress may facilitate approach, especially in participants with prosocial preferences.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9624-8
       
  • The augment effect of negative affective background on positive stimulus:
           Two randomized controlled trials
    • Authors: Nan Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract Based on the affective endowment-contrast theory, negative affect (NA) is hypothesized to augment positive affect (PA). Study 1 examined this contrast effect (augment effect) in a laboratory setting. Participants (n = 94) were assigned into positive, negative or neutral affective background conditions through false feedback procedure, and then a same positive stimulus was given to all participants. Results indicated that participants in negative condition experienced more feelings of PA and less NA after receiving the positive stimulus compared to the other two conditions. Study 2 investigated this augment effect under naturalistic context. Participants (n = 150) were classified into high positive, high negative, or mild positive affective background groups based on their naturally occurred affects. Then a positive manipulation was giving to all participants. Results indicated that participants in the high negative group experienced the most decrease in feelings of NA after receiving the positive manipulation. Results from the two studies provided evidence to the endowment-contrast theory, indicating that the valance of positive stimulus was augmented under negative affective background.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9621-y
       
  • A study named desire: Local focus increases approach motivation for
           desserts
    • Authors: Anne E. Kotynski; Heath A. Demaree
      Abstract: Abstract When we desire something, our approach motivation is high. Recent research shows affective states high in approach motivation cause attentional narrowing (localization) (e.g.; Gable and Harmon-Jones in Psychological Science 19:476–482, 2008; Juergensen and Demaree in Motivation and Emotion 39:580–588, 2015). Does the reciprocal relationship exist' That is, when our attention is narrowed, does our motivation to approach something desirable increase' To test this, we primed participants with either global or local attentional focus before viewing images of desirable items (e.g., desserts) or neutral items (e.g., furniture). Relative to participants primed with global attentional focus, participants primed with local attentional focus demonstrated greater approach motivation to desirable desserts compared to neutral items on an Approach Avoidance Task. Despite greater approach motivation for desserts, participants with localized attention did not subjectively rate desserts as more desirable than participants with global attention. These results suggest that increased approach motivation following local priming is evidenced at an implicit level only: participants appear to be unaware of appetitive images’ increased desirability.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9622-x
       
  • Determinants of depressive mood states in everyday life: An experience
           sampling study
    • Authors: Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz; Tanya Karvounis; Rachel Pemberton; Linda Hartley-Clark; Ben Richardson
      Abstract: Abstract This study tests relative contributions and time-course of proposed risk/protective factors (e.g., stress, coping, and lack of social interactions) for influencing depressed mood states in daily life. Seventy-three participants completed baseline measurement of major depressive disorder symptomatology, followed by smartphone app-based monitoring of momentary experiences of depressed mood and risk/protective factors for 7 days. All predictors had deteriorating impacts on mood as lag increased, and the optimal lag appears to be less than 120 min. Linear decay in effect sizes was found for physical activity, social interaction, and tiredness, whereas exponential decline in effect sizes was found for stress and coping ability. Stress, coping, and depressed mood at the prior time-point were the best predictors of subsequent mood. These effects did not differ as a function of trait depressive symptom severity. Findings highlight the influence of spacing of assessments in identification and magnitude of predictors of mood states, and provide insights into key drivers of change in mood and their time-course.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9620-z
       
  • The links between self-determined motivations and behavioral automaticity
           in a variety of real-life behaviors
    • Authors: Rémi Radel; Luc Pelletier; Dusan Pjevac; Boris Cheval
      Abstract: Abstract The different motivations postulated by the Self-Determination Theory have proved to be meaningful to predict the level of engagement in a wide variety of life domains. The present research examines the relation between the different forms of self-determined motivation and behavioral automaticity of 12 behaviors associated with different life domains. Following 1743 measurements of self-determination (using a short version of the situational motivational scale, SIMS8), behavioral automaticity (using the self-reported behavioral automaticity index, SRBAI), and behavioral frequency (self-reported number of executions in a unit of time) for 12 various common behaviors collected on 315 young adults (Mage = 20.60 ± 2.87 years) through an online survey, the results of crossed linear mixed models indicated that self-determined motivations are more associated with behavioral automaticity than non-self-determined motivations (intrinsic motivation: β = 0.13, p < .001, identified extrinsic motivation: β = 0.13, p < .001; external extrinsic motivation : β = 0.08, p < .001; amotivation: β = 0.02, p = .433). Furthermore, self-determination played a moderating role between the repetition of behaviors and behavioral automaticity (β = 0.06, p < .002) suggesting that self-determination facilitated automatization, as high level of behavioral automaticity was achieved with less frequent behaviors when behaviors were performed for highly self-determined (β = 0.41, p < .001) than weakly self-determined reasons (β = 0.29, p < .001). The applications of these findings for learning and habit formation are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9618-6
       
  • When sex doesn’t sell to men: mortality salience, disgust and the appeal
           of products and advertisements featuring sexualized women
    • Authors: Seon Min Lee; Nathan A. Heflick; Joon Woo Park; Heeyoung Kim; Jieun Koo; Seungwoo Chun
      Abstract: Abstract Although men typically hold favorable views of advertisements featuring female sexuality, from a Terror Management Theory perspective, this should be less the case when thoughts of human mortality are salient. Two experiments conducted in South Korea supported this hypothesis across a variety of products (e.g., perfume and vodka). Men became more negative towards advertisements featuring female sexuality, and had reduced purchase intentions for those products, after thinking about their own mortality. Study 2 found that these effects were mediated by heightened disgust. Mortality thoughts did not impact women in either study. These findings uniquely demonstrate that thoughts of death interact with female sex-appeal to influence men’s consumer choices, and that disgust mediates these processes. Implications for the role of emotion, and cultural differences, in terror management, for attitudes toward female sexuality, and for marketing strategies are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9615-9
       
  • Perceiving emotion in non-social targets: The effect of trait empathy on
           emotional contagion through art
    • Authors: Olga Stavrova; Andrea Meckel
      Abstract: Abstract This research examines the role of trait empathy in emotional contagion through non-social targets—art objects. Studies 1a and 1b showed that high- (compared to low-) empathy individuals are more likely to infer an artist’s emotions based on the emotional valence of the artwork and, as a result, are more likely to experience the respective emotions themselves. Studies 2a and 2b experimentally manipulated artists’ emotions via revealing details about their personal life. Study 3 experimentally induced positive vs. negative emotions in individuals who then wrote literary texts. These texts were shown to another sample of participants. High- (compared to low-) empathy participants were more like to accurately identify and take on the emotions ostensibly (Studies 2a and 2b) or actually (Study 3) experienced by the “artists”. High-empathy individuals’ enhanced sensitivity to others’ emotions is not restricted to social targets, such as faces, but extends to products of the human mind, such as objects of art.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9619-5
       
  • Where do desires come from? Positivity offset and negativity bias predict
           implicit attitude toward temptations
    • Authors: Alethea H. Q. Koh; Lile Jia; Edward R. Hirt
      Abstract: Abstract Temptations elicit both appetitive and aversive responses because they offer hedonic gratification on the one hand and impede long-term goal pursuit on the other hand (Fujita, Personality and Social Psychology Review 15(4):352–366, 2011). In this paper, we investigate how people’s affective responses toward temptations are regulated by the appetitive and aversive motivational systems. We employ the mini Motivated Action Measure (miniMAM; Lang et al., Communication Methods and Measures 5(2):146–162, 2011) to measure the signature patterns with which the two systems regulate affective activation: positivity offset and negativity bias. We found that positivity offset and negativity bias predict unique variance (5.5%) of dieters’ (N = 312) implicit attitude toward tempting foods, over and above predictors related to behavioral regulation (BIS/BAS: Carver, White, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 67:319–333, 1994; BSC: Tangney et al., Journal of Personality 72(2):271–324, 2004). By contrast, positivity offset and negativity bias did not predict dieters’ behavioral intentions for tempting foods. Investigating how the appetitive and aversive systems regulate affective activation apart from behavioral responses offers unique insights into people’s desires towards temptations.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9617-7
       
 
 
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