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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 918 journals)
Showing 801 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista Mexicana de Orientación Educativa     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Pequén     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia Política     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia, Diversidade e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicopedagogia     Open Access  
Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
Revista «Poiésis»     Open Access  
Revue de psychoéducation     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée/European Review of Applied Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Revue québécoise de psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerca Psicoanalitica     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerche di psicologia     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria     Full-text available via subscription  
Roeper Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Rorschachiana     Hybrid Journal  
RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics     Open Access  
Ruolo Terapeutico (IL)     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Psychological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social     Open Access  
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
School Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Seeing and Perceiving     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Setting     Full-text available via subscription  
Sexual Abuse A Journal of Research and Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual     Open Access  
Signum Temporis : Journal of Research in Pedagogy and Psychology     Open Access  
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Inquiry into Well-Being     Open Access  
Social Issues and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Psychological and Personality Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spatial Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Suma Psicologica     Open Access  
Swiss Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tätigkeitstheorie : E-Journal for Activity Theoretical Research in Germany     Open Access  
Teaching of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Terapia Psicológica     Open Access  
Tesis Psicologica     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
Thalamus & Related Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
The Arts in Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Clinical Neuropsychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
The Humanistic Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series B : Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Psychologist-Manager Journal     Hybrid Journal  
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Thinking & Reasoning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tobacco Use Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Trabalho (En)Cena     Open Access  
Transactional Analysis Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universitas Psychologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Vinculo - Revista do NESME     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für die Notarpraxis     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Motivation and Emotion
  [SJR: 1.186]   [H-I: 56]   [27 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6644 - ISSN (Online) 0146-7239
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • The uncertainty appraisal enhances the prominent deck B effect in the Iowa
           gambling task
    • Authors: Elvan Arıkan İyilikci; Sonia Amado
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: The Iowa gambling task (Bechara et al., Cognition 50:7–15, 1994) is designed to simulate a decision making problem under ambiguity, in which the degree of reliance on emotional cues arising from previous experiences contributes to perform advantageously. Recent studies based on the appraisal tendency framework demonstrated that emotional certainty (associated with intuitive strategies) leads to a more advantageous decision pattern, whereas emotional uncertainty (associated with deliberative strategies) impairs the performance in the IGT (Bagneux et al., Motivation and Emotion 37(4):818–827, 2013; Bollon and Bagneux, Cognition and Emotion 27(2):376–384, 2013). Due to the problems in the IGT (Dunn et al., Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 30:239–271, 2006; Steingroever et al., Psychological Assessment 25(1):180–193, 2013), however, it is an open question to what extent the disadvantageous IGT performance in the uncertainty conditions was based on risky decision making. Addressing the main criticisms on the IGT, the primary aim of the present study is to provide a further explanation for the underlying source of the IGT impairment led by uncertainty appraisals. In line with previous research, we found that participants in the certainty-associated emotion condition (disgust) outperformed those in uncertainty-associated conditions (fear, sadness) in the gambling game. Detailed four-deck format analyses on decision patterns and knowledge levels provided supporting evidence for our main hypothesis that the weak IGT scores in the uncertainty conditions can be summarized as a failure to anticipate the badness and the goodness of the most difficult decks, and a dominant preference for a risky option with high immediate gains and infrequent losses.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9643-5
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2018)
  • Mental contrasting of counterfactual fantasies attenuates disappointment,
           regret, and resentment
    • Authors: Nora Rebekka Krott; Gabriele Oettingen
      Pages: 17 - 36
      Abstract: Negative emotions elicited by positive counterfactuals about an alternative past—“if only” reconstructions of negative life events—are functional in preparing people to act when opportunities to restore the alternative past will arise. If the counterfactual past is lost, because restorative opportunities are absent, letting go of the negative emotions should be the better solution, sheltering people from feelings of distress. In six experimental studies, the self-regulation strategy of mental contrasting (Oettingen, European Review of Social Psychology 23:1–63, 2012) attenuated the negative emotions elicited by positive fantasies about a lost counterfactual past, specifically, disappointment, regret and resentment. Mental contrasting (vs. relevant control conditions) led people to feel less disappointed when evaluating their lost counterfactual past compared with their current reality, indicating reduced commitment to the lost counterfactual past (Studies 1, 2, 3, and 4), and it attenuated post-decisional regret and resentment (Studies 5 and 6). These findings held when participants were induced to focus on lost counterfactual pasts for which they were responsible (Studies 4 and 5), for which they blamed another person (Study 6), or for which they deemed no one responsible (Studies 2 and 3). The findings are relevant for building interventions that help people to come to terms with their lost counterfactual past.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9644-4
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2018)
  • Harmful fun: Pranks and sadistic motivation
    • Authors: Christopher T. Burris; Rebecca Leitch
      Pages: 90 - 102
      Abstract: Two studies tested whether pranking is a context for observing sadistic motivation, understood as a compensatory/restorative response to insults to the self that manifests as displaced aggression. A disrespect sensitivity/anger rumination (DSAR) index outperformed a measure of dispositional sadism in predicting sadistic thoughts and emotions congruent with sadistic motivation across the span of a recalled prank (Study 1). DSAR also predicted greater sadistic affect/motivation and greater self-elevation/victim derogation among prank viewers when the prospect of significant long-term harm befalling prank victims was salient, but not when harm was minimized (Study 2). Fueled by displaced hostility, enjoyment of others’ experienced harm in pranking contexts indeed appears sadistic.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9651-5
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2018)
  • The association of affective temperaments and bipolar spectrum
           psychopathology: An experience sampling study
    • Authors: Sarah H. Sperry; Neus Barrantes-Vidal; Thomas R. Kwapil
      Pages: 126 - 136
      Abstract: Affective temperaments are trait-like expressions of affect that underlie mood psychopathology. Numerous studies have examined affective temperaments in laboratory-based studies; however, few have examined the expression of these temperaments in daily life. The present study examined affective temperaments and their associations with the expression of bipolar spectrum characteristics in daily life using experience sampling methodology. Young adults (n = 290) completed the TEMPS-A and were signaled eight times daily for 1 week to complete smartphone surveys assessing affect, cognition, and behavior. Hyperthymic temperament was associated with positive affect, sense of self, and success. In contrast, cyclothymic/irritable temperament was associated with negative affect, impulsivity, negative sense of self, and difficulty concentrating. Those high in cyclothymic/irritable temperament were especially reactive to the experience of stress. Affective temperaments were differentially associated with the expression of bipolar spectrum psychopathology in daily life. The findings offer validation of the TEMPS-A, as well as the adaptive and maladaptive characteristics of hyperthymic and cyclothymic/irritable temperaments.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9652-4
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2018)
  • Sex differences in emotion recognition ability: The mediating role of
           trait emotional awareness
    • Authors: Ron Wright; Robert Riedel; Lee Sechrest; Richard D. Lane; Ryan Smith
      Pages: 149 - 160
      Abstract: Although previous research on emotion recognition ability (ERA) has found consistent evidence for a female advantage, the explanation for this sex difference remains incompletely understood. This study compared males and females on four emotion recognition tasks, using a community sample of 379 adults drawn from two regions of the United States (stratified with respect to age, sex, and socioeconomic status). Participants also completed the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), a measure of trait emotional awareness (EA) thought to primarily reflect individual differences in emotion concept learning. We observed that individual differences in LEAS scores mediated the relationship between sex and ERA; in addition, we observed that ERA distributions were noticeably non-normal, and that—similar to findings with other cognitive performance measures—males had more variability in ERA than females. These results further characterize sex differences in ERA and suggest that these differences may be explained by differences in EA—a trait variable linked primarily to early learning.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9648-0
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2018)
  • Prompts to regulate emotions improve the impact of health messages on
           eating intentions and behavior
    • Authors: Krista Caldwell; Sherecce Fields; Heather C. Lench; Talya Lazerus
      Abstract: The current study examined the effect of emotion regulation prompts on obesity-related behavioral intentions and food choices in a sample of undergraduate students. Prior to reading a pamphlet regarding obesity-related health concerns and healthy food choices, participants were prompted to regulate their emotions or no prompt was given. Study 1 investigated differences in health behavior intentions and perception of risk of obesity-related health concerns. Study 2 examined differences in meal choices from a menu. Finally, Study 3 examined differences in food choices between participants prompted to attend, regulate emotions, or no prompt. Participants prompted to regulate their emotions were more likely to report intentions to follow a healthier diet and perceive a greater likelihood of health concerns, select health food options from a presented menu. and select a healthier food choice from presented options. These findings suggest emotion regulation strategies may be beneficial to increase awareness of perceived health risks as well as encourage healthier lifestyle choices among college students.
      PubDate: 2018-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9666-6
  • It’s a matter of time (perspectives): shifting valence responses to
           emotional ambiguity
    • Authors: Maital Neta; Tien T. Tong; Daniel J. Henley
      Abstract: Our stage in life has profound influences on our emotions. A well-established age-related positivity effect is putatively related to time perspectives—older adults have a limited time perspective and a greater motivation to experience positivity than young adults. Ambiguous emotions (e.g., surprised expressions) have both a positive and negative meaning, offering a highly relevant model for examining this developmental trend. Indeed, there are stable, trait-like individual differences in valence bias, or the tendency to interpret surprise as positive or negative, with a developmental trend toward positivity (older adults are more positive than young adults, who are more positive than children). However, little research has determined the extent to which the bias can be shifted. In three experiments, we found that ambiguity ratings were sensitive to time perspectives, even within a population of college students, and that this effect is relatively long-lasting. Results extend socioemotional selectivity theory and demonstrate that our life stage may have profound effects on otherwise stable emotional responses.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9665-7
  • Thoughts about a successful future encourage action in the face of
    • Authors: Mesmin Destin; Vida M. Manzo; Sarah S. M. Townsend
      Abstract: College environments can put lower socioeconomic status (SES) female students at particular risk of withdrawing during challenging academic situations. However, thinking about reaching a successful future identity may encourage these students to take action rather than withdraw. In a laboratory experiment, we tested the hypothesis that imagining a successful future identity would help lower SES female students to actively and successfully confront challenging tasks (i.e., a mock student–faculty interaction and difficult academic test). As predicted, when future identities were cued rather than past identities, lower SES female students demonstrated greater action readiness. Specifically, they showed more expansive body posture during the mock interaction and more attempts to complete the academic test, which led to better performance. The motivation to take action among higher SES and male students, who are at lower risk of vulnerability in college environments, was not influenced by future identities.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9664-0
  • Facial electromyography reveals dissociable affective responses in social
           and non-social cooperation
    • Authors: Alexander Soutschek; André Weinreich; Torsten Schubert
      Abstract: While economic standard theory explains cooperation in terms of rational decision-making, empirical studies suggest that humans have social preferences for cooperating with others. We investigated the specificity of these social preferences for interactions with human, relative to non-human, agents in a prisoner’s dilemma game. To obtain insights into emotional processes during cooperation, we measured activity of the corrugator supercilii muscle as indicator of spontaneous emotional responding during cooperation. After unreciprocated defection (free-riding), participants switched more often to a cooperative strategy and showed increased corrugator activity (suggesting more negative emotional responses) when playing with a human relative to a computer. This suggests that humans have a specific preference for cooperating with other humans and that cooperation may be promoted by unpleasant affect in response to the outcome of one’s own “free-riding”.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9662-2
  • “Inside out”: Appraisals for achievement emotions from constructive,
           positive, and negative feedback on writing
    • Authors: Carlton J. Fong; Kyle M. Williams; Zachary H. Williamson; Shengjie Lin; Young Won Kim; Diane L. Schallert
      Abstract: Even with the recent surge of research on achievement emotions, few studies have investigated emotions in feedback situations and the appraisals associated with such emotions. The purpose of this study was to examine emotion appraisals of constructive criticism, negative, and positive feedback, to aid us in determining whether these appraisals differed by feedback type. In a task asking them to provide open-ended responses as they imagined receiving feedback on a writing task, undergraduates (N = 270) gave reasons for why they might experience unpleasant emotions from positive feedback and pleasant emotions from negative feedback along with reasons for both pleasant and unpleasant emotions emanating from constructive feedback. Open coding of responses yielded categories for each emotion-feedback pairing that, across all emotions, were collapsed into five appraisal categories: feedback suggests ways to improve, a mismatch between feedback and task exists, feedback targets the self or one’s ability, feedback says something about the relationship between feedback giver and receiver, and the task is judged for its value. Distributions of appraisal categories distinguished constructive feedback from positive and negative feedback. Implications are drawn for control-value theory and for classroom feedback practices.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9658-y
  • The unconscious side of Facebook: Do online social network profiles leak
           cues to users’ implicit motive dispositions'
    • Authors: Michael Dufner; Ruben C. Arslan; Jaap J. A. Denissen
      Abstract: In this study we investigated the links between motive dispositions and online social network (OSN) profile content. We assessed the achievement, affiliation and power motives via self- and peer-report. In addition, we used a projective test and two novel, affect based measures (involving affect ratings and EMG recordings) to assess implicit motives in the three content domains. Two observers independently coded motive-specific OSN content. Results showed that self-reports were linked to OSN content for the power domain. Peer-reports and measures of implicit motives were positively linked to OSN content across motive domains. In most cases, measures of implicit motives were still linked to OSN content after adjusting for self- and peer-reports. These results indicate that OSN profiles may leak cues to users’ implicit motives, which neither users themselves nor their peers are aware of. Implications for motive theory, motive assessment, and targeted online advertising will be discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9663-1
  • Fret not thyself: The persuasive effect of anger expression and the role
           of perceived appropriateness
    • Authors: Jonathan Van’t Riet; Gabi Schaap; Mariska Kleemans
      Abstract: Anger expression is increasingly prevalent in Western mass media, particularly in messages that aim to persuade the audience of a certain point of view. There is a dearth of research, however, investigating whether expressing anger in mediated messages is indeed effective as a persuasive strategy. In the present research, the results of four experiments showed that expressing anger in a persuasive message was perceived as less socially appropriate than expressing non-emotional disagreement. There was also evidence that perceived appropriateness mediated a negative persuasive effect of anger expression (Study 2–4) and that anger expression resulted in perceptions of the persuasive source as unfriendly and incompetent (Studies 1 and 2). In all, the findings suggest that politicians and other public figures should be cautious in using anger as a persuasive instrument.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9661-3
  • The heart of control: Proactive cognitive control training limits anxious
           cardiac arousal under stress
    • Authors: Jeffrey L. Birk; Andrew H. Rogers; Anoushka D. Shahane; Heather L. Urry
      Abstract: Research and theory suggest that anxious people employ cognitive control on a relatively late and transient basis. This tendency may impair emotion regulation that depends on early, persistent implementation of cognitive control. We examined whether anxious people could be trained to apply cognitive control proactively (i.e., in advance of goal-related action) and whether such training limited anxiety’s rise during stress. In Study 1, 96 high trait-anxious participants completed proactive or reactive training followed by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) with measurement of subjective anxiety, heart rate, and skin conductance level (SCL). In Study 2, 59 high trait-anxious participants completed a proactive or no-instruction training for 4 days and then completed the TSST. For Study 2 but not Study 1, the proactive versus control training was associated with lower stress-related increases in subjective anxiety and heart rate, but not sympathetically mediated SCL. Exercising proactive control may leverage the parasympathetic nervous system to inhibit the escalation of anxious arousal during stress.
      PubDate: 2017-12-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9659-x
  • Traditional and psychological factors associated with academic success:
           investigating best predictors of college retention
    • Authors: David Saunders-Scott; Matthew Bersagel Braley; Naomi Stennes-Spidahl
      Abstract: We compared factors that colleges have traditionally used to predict students’ academic success (ACT score and high school GPA) to non-traditional factors (perceived stress and grit, defined as having perseverance and passion for long-term goals) to determine best predictors of academic success, measured using college GPA and retention. We obtained data from 165 undergraduate students. Participants completed the Short Grit Scale and Perceived Stress Scale. We obtained participants’ college GPA, high school GPA, and ACT scores. We assessed longitudinally, 1.5 years later, whether participants were retained. ACT score and high school GPA were excellent predictors of college students’ GPA, but poor predictors of retention. Conversely, perceived stress and grit were poor predictors of college students’ GPA, but were statistically significant predictors of retention. Traditional factors, often used for college admissions, are less important than non-traditional, psychological factors, in predicting who will complete college. We discuss potential strategies for improving college retention.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9660-4
  • A situated process model of vocational achievement goal striving within
           members of the academic staff at university
    • Authors: Stefan Janke; Oliver Dickhäuser
      Abstract: Building on achievement goal approach and self-determination theory (SDT), we propose a concise process model of achievement goal striving within academic staff members working at universities. We investigate this model in a sample of 107 academic staff members, who we questioned twice a day over the course of 2 weeks resulting in 1653 measurement occasions. Using two-level structural equation modeling, we found that substantial amounts of variance in situated achievement goals could be attributed to personal goal orientations. Life aspirations indirectly predicted the general strength of situated achievement goal striving via personal goal orientations. Finally, the situational satisfaction of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness was differentially predictive for fluctuations in situated achievement goal striving, which in turn predicted situational intrinsic work motivation and work engagement. Our research ties achievement goal approach more closely to SDT and delivers a first outlook on the importance of working conditions in academia for goal setting processes and vocational motivation.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9657-z
  • Linking psychological need experiences to daily and recurring dreams
    • Authors: Netta Weinstein; Rachel Campbell; Maarten Vansteenkiste
      Abstract: The satisfaction of individuals’ psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as conceived from a self-determination theory perspective, is said to be conducive to personal growth and well-being. What has been unexamined is whether psychological need-based experiences, either their satisfaction or frustration, manifests in people’s self-reported dream themes as well as their emotional interpretation of their dreams. A cross-sectional study (N = 200; M age = 21.09) focusing on individuals’ recurrent dreams and a three-day diary study (N = 110; M age = 25.09) focusing on daily dreams indicated that individuals experiencing psychological need frustration, either more enduringly or on a day-to-day basis, reported more negative dream themes and interpreted their dreams more negatively. The contribution of psychological need satisfaction was more modest, although it related to more positive interpretation of dreams. The discussion focuses on the role of dreams in the processing and integration of psychological need-frustrating experiences.
      PubDate: 2017-11-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9656-0
  • Relationships at risk: How the perceived risk of ending a romantic
           relationship influences the intensity of romantic affect and relationship
    • Authors: Simona Sciara; Giuseppe Pantaleo
      Abstract: Drawing on emotional intensity theory (EIT: Brehm in Personality and Social Psychology Review 3:2–22, 1999; Brehm and Miron in Motivation and Emotion 30:13–30, 2006), this experiment (N = 104) shows how the manipulated risk of ending a romantic relationship influences the intensity of romantic affect and commitment. As predicted by EIT, the intensity of both romantic feelings varied as a cubic function of increasing levels of manipulated risk of relationship breakup (risk not mentioned vs. low vs. moderate vs. high). Data additionally showed that the effects of manipulated risk on romantic commitment were fully mediated by feelings of romantic affect. These findings complement and extend prior research on romantic feelings (Miron et al. in Motivation and Emotion 33:261–276, 2009; Miron et al. in Journal of Relationships Research 3:67–80, 2012) (a) by highlighting the barrier-like properties of manipulated risk of relationship breakup and its causal role in shaping romantic feelings, and (b) by suggesting that any obstacle can systematically control—thus, either reduce or enhance—the intensity of romantic feelings to the extent that such obstacles are perceived as ‘risky’ for the fate of the relationship.
      PubDate: 2017-11-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9650-6
  • Perfectionism and the pursuit of personal goals: A self-determination
           theory analysis
    • Authors: Emily Moore; Anne C. Holding; Nora H. Hope; Brenda Harvey; Theodore A. Powers; David Zuroff; Richard Koestner
      Abstract: Previous studies have shown that self-critical and personal standards forms of perfectionism are associated with progress on personal goals in opposite ways. The present study used a 5-wave prospective longitudinal design to examine what motivational factors account for the finding that self-critical perfectionism has been reliably associated with poor goal progress whereas personal standard perfectionism has been associated with good progress. Specifically, we adopted a self-determination theory perspective to examine the role of autonomy in mediating the effects of perfectionism. Our results replicated previous findings linking the two forms of perfectionism with opposite patterns of goal progress. Importantly, the results suggested that the negative goal effects of self-critical perfectionism are mediated by lower levels of autonomous goal motivation. The results also demonstrated links from personal standards perfectionism to greater autonomous goal motivation. Interestingly, the effects of self-critical perfectionism on goal progress appeared to be dynamic over time and implicated affective mechanisms. The results of the investigation point to the value of adopting a self-determination theory perspective to understand perfectionism.
      PubDate: 2017-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9654-2
  • “It wasn’t your fault, but …...”: Schadenfreude about an
           undeserved misfortune
    • Authors: Mariëtte Berndsen; Marika Tiggemann; Samantha Chapman
      Abstract: Although it is well-established that an objectively deserved misfortune promotes schadenfreude about the misfortune, there is a small body of research suggesting that an undeserved misfortune can also enhance schadenfreude. The aim of the present study was to investigate the processes that underlie schadenfreude about an undeserved misfortune. Participants (N = 61) were asked to respond to a scenario in which a person was responsible or not responsible for a negative action. In the responsible condition, two independent routes to schadenfreude were observed: deservingness of the misfortune (traditional route) and resentment towards the target. More importantly, results showed that when the target of the misfortune was not responsible for the negative action, the relationship between schadenfreude and resentment towards the target was mediated by the re-construal of an objectively undeserved misfortune as a ‘deserved’ misfortune. The study further found that expressing schadenfreude about another’s misfortune makes one feel better about oneself without affecting moral emotions. The findings expand our understanding of schadenfreude about undeserved negative outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9639-1
  • Facilitating empathy through virtual reality
    • Authors: Nicola S. Schutte; Emma J. Stilinović
      Abstract: This research experimentally investigated whether virtual reality experience can prompt greater empathy and whether greater engagement with a virtual reality connects this virtual reality experience to empathy. Randomly assigned participants viewed a documentary featuring a young girl living in a refugee camp either in a virtual reality format or in a control two-dimensional format. Results indicated that the virtual reality experience resulted in greater engagement and a higher level of empathy for the refugee girl compared to the control condition. Greater engagement was a process connecting the virtual reality experience to empathy. Virtual reality has the potential to influence interpersonal emotions such as empathy.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-017-9641-7
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