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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 810 journals)
Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 277)
Journal of Personality Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Personality Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Personnel Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Psychological Issues in Organizational Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Psychological Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Psychology in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Psychophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Psychosomatic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Psychotherapy & Psychological Disorders     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Psychotherapy Integration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research Design and Statistics in Linguistics and Communication Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Personality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Russian & East European Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social and Political Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Ontology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the American Psychoanalytical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 225)
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Trauma & Dissociation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Trauma Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Trauma, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Tropical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Trust Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Jung Journal : Culture and Psyche     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Psikologi     Open Access  
KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
La Colmena     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Law & Psychology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Law Text Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Learning & Perception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Legal and Criminological Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Liberabit. Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Linguistic Evidence in Security, Law and Intelligence     Open Access  
Longitudinal and Life Course Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Measurement Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Media Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Mediterranean Journal of Clinical Psychology     Open Access  
Memory & Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Mens Sana Monographs     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
Mental     Open Access  
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Mental Health Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Mentálhigiéné es Pszichoszomatika     Full-text available via subscription  
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Methodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Mind     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Mindfulness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Motivation and Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Motivational Interviewing : Training, Research, Implementation, Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Multivariate Behavioral Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Music and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Music Therapy Perspectives     Hybrid Journal  
Musikterapi i Psykiatrien Online     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Natureza Humana     Open Access  
Netherlands Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Neuro-Disability and Psychotherapy : A Forum for the Practice and Development of Psychological Therapies for Neurological Conditions     Full-text available via subscription  
Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics     Open Access  
Neuropsychoanalysis : An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Neuropsychobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Neuropsychologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Neuropsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Neuropsychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New Ideas in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Voices in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover   Motivation and Emotion
  [SJR: 0.669]   [H-I: 41]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6644 - ISSN (Online) 0146-7239
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2300 journals]
  • Differential effects of emotional expressions and scenes on visual search
    • Abstract: Abstract Although research has shown that emotional content modulates attention, such studies often differ in the types of stimuli used to evoke emotions. Some studies utilize emotionally valenced scenes and others utilize emotional facial expressions. Importantly, the comparability of the effect of these two stimulus classes on attention is unclear. In the present experiments, we contrasted the effects of emotional scenes and facial expressions with the same valence on visual search speed. Overall, scenes caused greater disruption in visual search than faces, and emotional content appeared to modulate this effect with larger differences between scenes and faces arising for more negatively valenced stimuli. This pattern of findings was largely replicated after varying task difficulty in Study 2 and the visual properties of the search array and task difficulty in Study 3. These findings indicate that emotional scenes and faces produce differential effects on attention, and suggest that negative emotional scenes are particularly potent in disrupting the allocation of attention.
      PubDate: 2015-02-19
  • Divergent effects of reappraisal and labeling internal affective feelings
           on subjective emotional experience
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous experimental studies on the effects of affect labeling have examined labeling of external affective events, primarily. Few studies have examined the consequences of labeling one’s internal affective state. The current study tested the effects of labeling one’s internal affective state in response to negatively valenced images on concurrent reaction time performance, subjective ratings of emotion, and skin conductance responses, compared to a reappraisal instruction and a view instruction. Consistent with prior research, reappraisal resulted in slower reaction times on the concurrent auditory discrimination task and reduced subjective ratings of emotion, compared with the view instruction. In contrast, affect labeling resulted in increased subjective ratings of emotion, but had no effect on reaction times. Skin conductance responses were higher for unpleasant than neutral pictures but did not differ across instruction type. The results suggest further research directly comparing the consequences of labeling internal affective feelings versus labeling external affective events is warranted.
      PubDate: 2015-02-11
  • The influence of a virtual companion on amusement when watching funny
    • Abstract: Abstract We investigated the role of a virtual companion and trait cheerfulness on the elicitation of amusement. Ninety participants watched funny films in four conditions: either alone, with a virtual companion laughing or verbally expressing amusement at fixed time points (pre-scripted), or additionally joining the participant’s laughter (responsive companion). Amusement was assessed facially and vocally by coding Duchenne Displays and laughter vocalizations. Participants’ cheerful mood pre and post the film watching and positive experience were assessed. Results showed that high trait cheerful individuals generally experienced and expressed more amusement than low trait cheerful individuals. The presence of a virtual companion (compared to being alone) led to more laughter for individuals low in trait cheerfulness. Unexpectedly, the responsive companion did not elicit more amusement than the pre-scripted companion. The general disliking of virtual companions and gelotophobia related negatively to amusement. Amusement expressing virtual companions may be used in interventions aiming at eliciting positive responses, especially for individuals with higher thresholds for amusement.
      PubDate: 2015-02-11
  • What you want to avoid is what you see: Social avoidance motivation
           affects the interpretation of emotional faces
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the effects of habitual social approach and avoidance motivation on the classification of facial expressions of different visual clarity. Participants (N = 78) categorized partially masked emotional faces expressing either anger or happiness as positive or negative. Participants generally tended to interpret the facial expressions in a positive way. This positivity effect was reduced when persons were highly avoidance motivated. Social avoidance motivation predicted fewer positive and more negative interpretations in the least visible condition that provided extremely little information on the facial expression. Thus, people high in social avoidance motivation are likely to have anticipated angry faces as the facial stimuli offered only minimal information. The results for social approach motivation did not reach statistical significance. To conclude, it seems that persons who are most afraid of having negative social interactions (i.e., those high in social avoidance motivation), anticipate and interpret social information in the most negative way, which could lead to the reinforcement of the avoidance motivation.
      PubDate: 2015-02-11
  • The awareness of death reduces subjective vitality and self-regulatory
           energy for individuals with low interdependent self-construal
    • Abstract: Abstract Existentialists have proposed that defining the self in terms of social groups—interdependent self-construal—helps maintain adaptive psychological functioning in the face of death awareness. Supporting this idea, research has demonstrated that when the awareness of death is experimentally heightened, individuals display greater investment in their social groups. No research, however, has directly tested the fundamental assertion that the awareness of death aversely effects psychological functioning for those without an interdependent self-construal. To provide an initial test of this claim, we examined the extent to which the awareness of death compromises the subjective sense of energy and aliveness (i.e., vitality) and self-regulatory energy at varying levels of interdependent self-construal. Specifically, in two experiments, we measured interdependent self-construal, experimentally heightened the awareness of death, and subsequently measured subjective vitality (Study 1) and self-regulation (Study 2). Results demonstrated that heightened death awareness reduced subjective vitality and self-regulation, but only for individuals with low, not high, levels of interdependent self-construal.
      PubDate: 2015-02-11
  • Are mastery-avoidance achievement goals always detrimental? An adult
           development perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract Achievement goal research consistently reveals that mastery-avoidance goals (i.e., striving to avoid losses) are maladaptive, especially in comparison to mastery-approach goals (i.e., striving for gains). Nearly all of it has been done with children or young adults, however. Lifespan theories of motivation posit that people in late adulthood are more likely than young adults to strive toward maintenance and loss-prevention rather than gains, and also that they sometimes profit from pursuing those goals. Integrating the two approaches, this experiment compared young and older adults’ experience and performance on a laboratory task when pursuing either mastery-approach or mastery-avoidance goals. Results show that young adults perceived the mastery-approach goal to be more attainable and therefore felt less pressure, enjoyed the task more, and performed better with it, whereas older adults showed this pattern with the mastery-avoidance goal. This matching effect replicates recent research on adult development and has broader implications for achievement goal theory and avoidance motivation in general.
      PubDate: 2015-02-10
  • Enjoying the possibility of defeat: Outcome uncertainty, suspense, and
           intrinsic motivation
    • Abstract: Abstract In two studies, the relevance of outcome uncertainty and suspense for intrinsic motivation was examined. In Study 1, participants played a competitive zero-sum video game in which outcome uncertainty during the game (operationalized as the degree of parity between player–opponent scores) was manipulated. Greater outcome uncertainty led to greater enjoyment, and this effect was mediated by suspense. Although outperforming one’s opponent by a wide margin maximized perceived competence, these games were less enjoyable than closer games with higher outcome uncertainty. These findings were extended in Study 2, which incorporated a behavioral measure of intrinsic motivation. Participants chose to play games they previously rated as relatively high in suspense but relatively low in perceived competence over games which provided higher perceptions of competence but less suspense. Performance concern moderated this effect. Implications of the findings for theories of intrinsic motivation, and possible avenues for future research, are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Display rules for kindness: Outcomes of suppressing benevolent emotions
    • Abstract: Abstract Research categorizing emotions according to the intrapersonal pleasure they elicit (e.g., happiness) suggests that suppression of positive emotions is inconsequential. The present research explores the hypothesis that, due to deeply held social norms, suppression of positive interpersonal emotions (e.g., compassion), as part of job requirements, may be undesirable. The first study presented service-related interactions that stimulated interpersonal emotions toward customers, and a request for a written response congruent with display rules of emotional suppression. The results indicated that suppressing benevolent emotions causes more discomfort than suppression of malevolent or neutral emotions. Responses also indicated less inclination to suppress benevolent emotions compared to malevolent or neutral emotions. Study 2, a field study, was of service employee–customer dyads. The results showed that withholding benevolent emotions is negatively related to customer satisfaction through the mediation of employee sense of inauthenticity, and that withholding malevolent emotions is directly and positively related to customer satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Student engagement and performance: A weekly diary study on the role of
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present study, we used a quantitative diary design to investigate within-person fluctuations in student engagement and performance. Specifically, we analyzed the impact of weekly personal and study resources on weekly student engagement, active learning behaviors, and performance. In addition, we investigated whether students high (vs. low) in trait Openness reacted differently to their weekly resources. The sample was composed of 45 first-year psychology students who filled in a questionnaire over 3 weeks; twice per week (N = 45 × 6 = 270 occasions)—during the days they had tutorial group meetings. The tutors evaluated each student’s active learning behaviors during these meetings. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that study engagement fully mediated the relationship between personal resources and observed learning activities; study resources were indirectly positively related to learning activities through study engagement. In addition, observed learning activities were positively related to the course grade. As hypothesized, trait Openness strengthened the positive relationship between personal/study resources and study engagement. Our findings highlight the importance of fostering students’ engagement. We conclude with a discussion of the theoretical implications for education and suggestions for future research.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • The impact of work design, autonomy support, and strategy on employee
           outcomes: A differentiated perspective on self-determination at work
    • Abstract: Abstract Drawing upon self-determination theory, this study tested different types of behavioral regulation as parallel mediators of the association between the job’s motivating potential, autonomy-supportive leadership, and understanding the organization’s strategy, on the one hand, and job satisfaction, turnover intention, and two types of organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB), on the other hand. In particular, intrinsic motivation and identified regulation were contrasted as idiosyncratic motivational processes. Analyses were based on data from 201 employees in the Swiss insurance industry. Results supported both types of self-determined motivation as mediators of specific antecedent-outcome relationships. Identified regulation, for example, particularly mediated the impact of contextual antecedents on both civic virtue and altruism OCB. Overall, controlled types of behavioral regulation showed comparatively weak relations to antecedents or consequences. The unique characteristics of motivational processes and potential explanations for the weak associations of controlled motivation are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Predicting the brighter and darker sides of interpersonal relationships:
           Does psychological need thwarting matter?
    • Abstract: Abstract Recent studies have indicated that assessments of need thwarting better predict diminished functioning and ill-being compared to low need satisfaction, which better predict optimal functioning and well-being. In this study we aimed to further explore the important theoretical distinction between psychological need thwarting and need satisfaction in the domain of interpersonal relationships. We examined whether the distinction between need satisfaction and thwarting is due to method effects resulting from positive and negative item wording, however, multi-trait multi-method analyses indicated no substantial method effects. Further, we showed that a lack of need satisfaction (i.e., need dissatisfaction) is not equivalent to experiences of need thwarting. In fact, need thwarting better predicted compromised relational functioning compared to need dissatisfaction. Need satisfaction was a stronger predictor of interpersonal competence compared to need thwarting and need dissatisfaction. The current findings underline the importance of assessing need thwarting when examining compromised functioning in interpersonal relationships.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Goal pursuit and energy conservation: energy investment increases with
           task demand but does not equal it
    • Abstract: Abstract According to motivational intensity theory, energy investment in goal pursuit is determined by the motivation to avoid wasting energy. Two experiments tested this hypothesis by manipulating the difficulty of an isometric hand grip task across four levels in a between-persons (Study 1) and a within-persons (Study 2) design. Supporting motivational intensity theory’s prediction, the results showed that invested energy—indicated by exerted grip force—was a function of task difficulty: The higher the difficulty, the higher the energy investment. However, the data also indicated that participants invested considerably more energy than required, questioning the primacy of energy conservation.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Which emotions last longest and why: The role of event importance and
    • Abstract: Abstract Some emotions last longer than others. However, duration differences have only been explored for a small number of emotions and the observed differences have not been explained. The aim of the present study is to provide a detailed picture of variability in duration between emotions and to account for this variability. Participants were asked to recollect recent emotional episodes, report their duration, and answer questions regarding appraisals and regulation strategies. Out of 27 emotions, sadness lasted the longest, whereas shame, surprise, fear, disgust, boredom, being touched, irritation, and relief were the shortest emotions. One appraisal dimension and one regulation strategy accounted for almost half of the variability in duration between emotions. In particular, compared to short emotions, persistent emotions are typically elicited by events of high importance, and are associated with high levels of rumination. This conclusion holds across emotion duration definitions, and remains valid when taking emotion recency and intensity into account.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • How emotional expressions shape prosocial behavior: Interpersonal effects
           of anger and disappointment on compliance with requests
    • Abstract: Abstract People often express emotion to influence others, for instance when making a request. Yet, surprisingly little is known about how such emotional expressions shape compliance. We investigated the interpersonal effects of anger and disappointment on compliance with requests. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants were more willing to offer help and donate to charity when a request was accompanied by disappointment rather than anger or no emotion. In Experiment 3, which involved a behavioral paradigm, emotional expressions trumped the effect of an explicit descriptive norm: Expressions of disappointment fostered generosity despite a non-generous norm, and expressions of anger undermined generosity despite a generous norm. Mediation analyses in Experiments 2 and 3 revealed that disappointment was more effective than anger in eliciting compliance because it was perceived as more appropriate for the context. Findings are discussed in relation to theorizing on social influence and the social functions of emotions.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • When need for closure leads to positive attitudes towards a negatively
           stereotyped outgroup
    • Abstract: Abstract The study examined the relationship between epistemic motivation, which is the need for closure (NFC), and positive attitudes towards a negatively stereotyped outgroup (i.e., Gypsies). Although extensive research has revealed that NFC is related to derogatory behavioural tendencies and negative emotions towards stereotyped groups, it is proposed that NFC may also be linked to positive attitudes towards outgroups. It is predicted, however, that this would be true only when NFC is accompanied by a low ability to achieve closure (AAC). It is argued that low AAC impairs the construction of schema and their effective application. Therefore, NFC in individuals with low AAC may lead them to correct their initial tendency to use stereotypes and, as a consequence, to evaluate a negatively stereotyped outgroup in a positive way. In this research, low AAC was assessed by a scale (Study 1) and experimentally induced (Study 2). In both studies, we measured positive attitudes towards Gypsies. The results of the studies supported our prediction that NFC is positively related to positive attitudes towards Gypsies when AAC is low.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • You are (not only) what you choose: A self-expression account of
           post-choice dissonance
    • Abstract: Abstract After making a difficult choice people reduce dissonance by increasing liking for the chosen option and decreasing liking for the foregone option—an effect known as the “spreading-of-alternatives” (SOA). We suggest that this effect is partly driven by self-expression motivation. While choice is one act of self-expression, it is certainly not the only means individuals can use to express themselves. However, in the experimental settings used so far to examine the SOA effect, choice has always been the exclusive self-expression means. If the SOA effect is indeed partly driven by self-expression motivation, then providing additional means of self-expression should mitigate the SOA following choice. In two experiments we provided participants with the prospect of opinion voicing as an alternative means of self-expression and found that doing so reduced the SOA. We interpret this finding as evidence that post-choice dissonance is contingent upon the availability of self-expression means. Implications about choice and cognitive dissonance theory, as well as practical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Emotion as a necessary component of threat-induced death thought
           accessibility and defensive compensation
    • Abstract: Abstract Terror management theory presents an account of how the avoidance of the potential anxiety accompanying knowledge of one’s inevitable mortality motivates a vast array of human behaviors. However, in practice, evidence from one of the hypotheses designed to test this account—the death thought accessibility (DTA) hypothesis—has been purely cognitive. The goal of the present research was to examine the role of emotion in this process. Participants were presented with existentially threatening stimuli under experimental situations in which the emotion induced by the threat (either aversive arousal or disgust) was present or absent. When the emotion was unaltered, participants exposed to threats, relative to controls, evinced high levels of DTA (Studies 1 and 3) and worldview defense (Study 2). When the emotion was misattributed to a neutral source (Studies 1–2) or down regulated via reappraisal (Study 3), however, DTA and worldview defense did not increase. The results and implications are discussed in relation to the threat compensation literature.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • What if I can’t? Success expectancies moderate the effects of
           utility value information on situational interest and performance
    • Abstract: Abstract Two studies tested how the effects of a utility value manipulation on interest and performance were moderated by expectations for success. College students learned a new technique for mentally solving multiplication problems with instructions containing task utility information or not. In Study 1 (N = 62), the effect of the utility value information was positive for individuals with high success expectancies, but negative for individuals with low success expectancies. Study 2 (N = 148) examined the causal role of success expectancies by manipulating whether participants received an expectancy boost before receiving the utility manipulation. The results showed further support for the importance of success expectancies in moderating the effect of directly-communicated utility value. The results are discussed in relation to other research on utility value, interest, and expectancy–value models of achievement behavior.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Mothers’ motivation for involvement in their children’s
           schooling: mechanisms and outcomes
    • Abstract: Abstract While research has examined factors associated with parent involvement, little work has focused on why parents are involved in their children’s schooling. This study thus assessed mothers’ motivation for involvement (measured on a continuum of autonomy), their level of involvement, and their affect when involved in relation to children’s motivation and academic performance. Participants were 178 fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students and their mothers. More autonomous motivation (identified, intrinsic) for involvement positively related to mothers’ levels of involvement and positive affect when involved. Identified motivation, as well as parental level of involvement, related to children’s academic perceived competence, self-worth, and reading grades. Results supported mediational models in which identified motivation was associated with higher academic perceived competence through cognitive involvement and reading grades through increased cognitive and personal involvement. For self-worth, there was an indirect path from identified motivation through personal involvement as well as a significant direct path. Results stress the importance of considering why parents are involved, especially when developing interventions to increase parent involvement.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
  • Sex-linked mating strategies diverge with a manipulation of genital
    • Abstract: Abstract Trivers (Sexual selection and the descent of man, Aldine-Atherton, Chicago, pp 136–179, 1972) proposed that evolutionary factors should favor divergent mating strategies for males versus females. Such differences may be less pronounced among human beings than other animals and social norms and sex roles are also pertinent influences. The present experiment (N = 133 college undergraduates, 74 female) sought to bypass some of these other influences. Participants were randomly assigned to a condition designed to increase attention to the genital region (a downward pointing arrow) or not (an upward pointing arrow). They then reported on their interest in short-term (e.g., a one-night stand) and long-term (e.g., a potential marital partner) mating opportunities. A theory-consistent three-way interaction occurred such that the genital salience manipulation primed a shorter-term reproductive strategy among men and a longer-term reproductive strategy among women. The results provide unique support for evolution-linked ideas about sex differences in the form of a role for bodily attention.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
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