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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 857 journals)
Showing 801 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Suma Psicologica     Open Access  
Swiss Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Tätigkeitstheorie : E-Journal for Activity Theoretical Research in Germany     Open Access  
Teaching of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Terapia Psicológica     Open Access  
Tesis Psicologica     Open Access  
The Arts in Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Clinical Neuropsychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Humanistic Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Journal of the British Association of Psychotherapists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series B : Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Thinking & Reasoning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tobacco Use Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Transactional Analysis Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription  
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Universitas Psychologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Vinculo - Revista do NESME     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access  
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Wawasan     Open Access  
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Motivation and Emotion
  [SJR: 1.186]   [H-I: 56]   [23 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6644 - ISSN (Online) 0146-7239
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Performance, incentives, and needs for autonomy, competence, and
           relatedness: a meta-analysis
    • Authors: Christopher P. Cerasoli; Jessica M. Nicklin; Alexander S. Nassrelgrgawi
      Pages: 781 - 813
      Abstract: Although self-determination theory (SDT) is one of the most widely cited theories of human motivation and function, critics have questioned the practical utility of its three needs (i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness) in performance contexts. We conduct a meta-analysis (k = 108, N = 30,648) to explore the magnitude and boundary conditions of need satisfaction and performance. As expected, autonomy (ρ = .28), competence (ρ = .37), and relatedness (ρ = .25) predict performance. Incentivization per se has little impact on need-satisfaction: instead, the need satisfaction → performance relationship is moderated by incentive salience. Consistent with a crowding-out hypothesis, need satisfaction matters less to performance when incentives are directly salient (ρ = .22) and more when indirectly salient (ρ = .45). Our meta-analysis demonstrates that indirectly salient incentives and need-satisfaction are indeed compatible, providing a direct response to criticisms of SDT in performance contexts. Additional unexpected findings and future directions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9578-2
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • A motivation-enhancing treatment to sustain goal engagement during life
           course transitions
    • Authors: Jeremy M. Hamm; Raymond P. Perry; Judith G. Chipperfield; Jutta Heckhausen; Patti C. Parker
      Pages: 814 - 829
      Abstract: Although theory-driven control striving treatments may sustain motivation for individuals navigating life course transitions, their efficacy during these challenging junctures remains unexamined. In a pre-post randomized field study (n = 316), a novel control striving treatment based on Heckhausen et al.’s (Psychol Rev 117:32–60, 2010) motivational theory of life-span development was administered to young adults making the landmark transition to university. For students who faced obstacles to goal attainment, the motivation-enhancing selective secondary control (SSC) striving treatment (vs. no-treatment) increased performance by 8 % in a two-semester course (74.85 % vs. 66.68 %). Consistent with theory, the SSC treatment-performance linkage was mediated by selective secondary and selective primary control in a hypothesized causal sequence. Findings advance the literature by showing control striving treatments can improve performance for some young adults in transition by promoting adaptive changes in theoretically-derived psychological process variables.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9576-4
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Self-image threat decreases stereotyping: The role of motivation toward
    • Authors: Małgorzata Kossowska; Marcin Bukowski; Ana Guinote; Piotr Dragon; Arie W. Kruglanski
      Pages: 830 - 841
      Abstract: Some prior research indicated that self-image threat may lead people to stereotyping and prejudiced evaluations of others. Other studies found that self-image threat may promote less stereotypical thinking and unprejudiced behavior. In a series of three studies, we demonstrate that self-image threat may lead to either more or less stereotypical perception of the outgroup depending on the level of the individuals` motivation toward closure (NFC). The results reveal that when individuals high (vs. low) in NFC perceived a member of an outgroup, they are less likely to use stereotypical traits if their self-image had been threatened by negative feedback (Study 1) or if they had imagined an example of their own immoral activity (Studies 2 and 3). Moreover, our results demonstrate that the fear of invalidity resulting from self-image threat induction is responsible for the foregoing effects (Study 3). These results are discussed in light of theories of motivational readiness and lay epistemics.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9582-6
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Why are attitude–behaviour inconsistencies uncomfortable? Using
           motivational theories to explore individual differences in dissonance
           arousal and motivation to compensate
    • Authors: Karine J. Lavergne; Luc G. Pelletier
      Pages: 842 - 861
      Abstract: Using cognitive dissonance theories and self-determination theory, we explored the role of individual differences in global and contextual motivational orientations on dissonance arousal processes following spontaneous attitude–behaviour inconsistencies (ABIs). Study 1 (N = 382) showed that individual differences in global motivation relate to the frequency of ABIs and dissonance arousal across important life domains. Studies 2 (N = 282) and 3 (N = 202) showed that individual differences in contextual motivation toward the environment predict the relative frequency of ABIs and the quantity and quality of proximal motivation to compensate for ABIs in that context. Autonomous motivation was associated with a tendency to compensate for ABIs to both reduce dissonance and restore self-integrity. Controlled motivation disposed individuals to reduce dissonance to protect ego-invested self-structures, and to be indifferent to non self-threatening ABIs. Amotivation left people indifferent to ABIs. Individual differences in motivational orientations could explain why ABIs are uncomfortable and motivate people to compensate differently when they face ABIs.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9577-3
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • The effects of implicit and explicit affiliation motives on vagal activity
           in motive-relevant situations
    • Authors: Elisabeth Prestele; Friederike X. R. Gerstenberg; Birk Hagemeyer; Fay C. M. Geisler
      Pages: 862 - 877
      Abstract: We investigated the independent and interactive effects of the implicit need for affiliation (nAFF) and the explicit self-attributed need for affiliation (sanAFF) on parasympathetic vagal activity (indexed via heart rate variability) in three motive-relevant situations: in a socioevaluative stress situation (N = 49), in a socially ambiguous situation (N = 50), and during socially supported recovery from stress (both subsamples). Vagal activity has been linked with self-regulation and social engagement. Vagal withdrawal has been found to accompany stress responses, whereas vagal advance has been found to accompany attenuated stress and affiliative behavior. Response surface analyses in the current study revealed additive but opposite effects on vagal activity for nAFF (vagal advance) and sanAFF (vagal withdrawal) during the socioevaluative stress situation, high nAFF and low sanAFF incongruence predicted vagal withdrawal in the socially ambiguous situation, and sanAFF predicted vagal advance during socially supported recovery from stress. We suggest that assessing reactions to motive-relevant stress situations represents a profitable approach for investigating the differential effects of implicit and explicit motives.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9579-1
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Mediation models of implicit theories and achievement goals predict
           planning and withdrawal after failure
    • Authors: Patricia A. Smiley; Katherine V. Buttitta; Samuel Y. Chung; Valeska X. Dubon; Lillian K. Chang
      Pages: 878 - 894
      Abstract: Dweck posits that implicit theories of intelligence provide a meaning system that organizes goal-based patterns of response in achievement situations. Goals of increasing competence or demonstrating competence provide purposes for engaging in achievement tasks and frameworks for interpreting and responding to outcomes. Despite suggestions that within an implicit theory framework, attributions and emotions should mediate associations between goals and post-failure responses, such models have rarely been explicitly tested. We obtained questionnaire data from college students (N = 261) on implicit theories, goals, and attributions, as well as emotions and behavior after a hypothetical failure. Path analysis showed that learning goal and effort attribution mediated the association between incremental theory and post-failure intention to plan remedial action. Theory-consistent indirect effects that predicted intention to withdraw were also identified. Findings provide support for Dweck’s theory and extend our understanding of the roles of goals, attributions, and emotions in explaining responses to achievement setbacks.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9575-5
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Reflecting on schadenfreude: serious consequences of a misfortune for
           which one is not responsible diminish previously expressed schadenfreude;
           the role of immorality appraisals and moral emotions
    • Authors: Mariëtte Berndsen; N. T. Feather
      Pages: 895 - 913
      Abstract: Participants (Study 1: N = 138, Study 2: N = 153) responded to a video in which a person suffered a mishap. The studies manipulated whether or not the person was responsible for the mishap and the degree to which the consequences were subsequently found to be serious. Results of Study 1 showed reduction in schadenfreude and more compassion for the victim in the serious condition due to appraisals that it was immoral to laugh about the misfortune. The stronger these appraisals and the stronger the initial schadenfreude, the stronger were moral emotions (guilt, shame, and regret) about initially expressed schadenfreude. Moral emotions and compassion fostered prosocial behavior. Study 2 extended these results by showing that seriousness of the consequences acted as a moderator for most of these findings with significant effects occurring in the serious condition only. Most reduction in schadenfreude occurred when the consequences were serious and when the person was less responsible for the misfortune. The studies extend past research by investigating schadenfreude and other emotions in a context that does not involve social comparison and where participants reflected on their initial expressions of schadenfreude.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9580-8
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Automaticity of the interpersonal attitude effect on facial mimicry: It
           takes effort to smile at neutral others but not those we like
    • Authors: Heidi S. Blocker; Daniel N. McIntosh
      Pages: 914 - 922
      Abstract: People often mimic others more if the other is liked, a member of an ingroup, or in a cooperative relationship with the observer; we call this the interpersonal attitude effect. This study examines the degree to which this attitude effect on mimicry is an automatic or an effortful process. While under cognitive load or no load, participants observed positive, negative, and neutral others making emotional expressions. Electromyography measured corrugator supercilii (knits brow) and zygomaticus major (raises corners of mouth) activity. Under load, participants mimicked smiles of positive individuals but not neutral or negative individuals. During no-load trials, participants did not mimic negative individuals, but did mimic smiles of neutral and positive individuals. Participants enhanced their smiles in response to the smiles of liked others without effort, but smiling at neutral others’ smiles required greater cognitive resources.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9581-7
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Anger in response to challenge: children’s emotion socialization
           predicts approach versus avoidance
    • Authors: Patricia A. Smiley; Katherine V. Buttitta; Samuel Y. Chung; John K. Coffey; Binghuang A. Wang; Jessica L. Borelli
      Pages: 923 - 935
      Abstract: Negative emotion is typically associated with avoidance behavior; however, recent advances in the adult literature show that unlike some emotions (sadness, shame), anger predicts both approach and avoidance. Here we propose that socialization to suppress anger will play a role in whether children who express anger respond to a performance challenge with approach or avoidance. Children (N = 79; M age  = 11.4 years) reported perceptions of parental use of positive conditional regard (PCR) to socialize anger suppression and worked on four unsolvable puzzles. We measured change in verbalized puzzle-solving strategies during failure, and coded emotion expression on the final puzzle. We examined whether negative emotion type (shame/sadness vs. anger) and PCR for anger predicted change in strategy use, and whether the association between level of PCR for anger and approach-avoidance (change in strategy use) depended on type of negative emotion expressed. Neither emotion expression nor level of PCR anger predicted strategy use; however, type of negative emotion moderated the association between PCR anger and change in strategy use, controlling for NCR anger. For children who displayed anger, low PCR was associated with increased strategy use, and high PCR was associated with decreased strategy use. We discuss the role of emotion socialization in shaping approach and avoidance motivation.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9583-5
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • Individual differences in trait anxiety and goal-commitment predict
           updating efficiency on the reading span task
    • Authors: Elizabeth J. Edwards; Mark S. Edwards; Michael Lyvers
      Pages: 936 - 945
      Abstract: According to attentional control theory (ACT; Eysenck et al. in Emotion 7(2):336–353, 2007) anxious individuals recruit motivation on demanding tasks, which helps prevent performance shortfalls. We used a quasi-experimental design to examine the relationship between trait anxiety (operationalised using questionnaire scores), situational stress (manipulated using ego threat instructions) and motivation (indexed using a self-report goal-commitment scale) in predicting effectiveness (accuracy) and efficiency (accuracy divided by RT) on the reading span task. After controlling for depression, the variables were not related to effectiveness; however there was a significant trait anxiety × goal-commitment interaction on reading span efficiency. Higher trait anxiety predicted better efficiency at higher goal-commitment, and poorer efficiency at lower goal-commitment, and these relationships were independent of situational stress. Results are interpreted in terms of ACT.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9572-8
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 6 (2016)
  • How expected evaluation influences creativity: Regulatory focus as
    • Authors: Jia Wang; Ling Wang; Ru-De Liu; Hui-Zhen Dong
      Abstract: Two studies investigated the effect of expected evaluation and regulatory focus on individuals’ creative performance. In both studies, first, the type of evaluation (informational versus controlling) was manipulated, and then regulatory focus was measured as an individual difference (in Study 1) or induced as a state using a pencil-and-paper maze task (in Study 2). Results provided evidence that participants who expect an informational evaluation were more likely to adopt an eager strategy; whereas participants who expected a controlling evaluation were more likely to adopt a vigilant strategy. Furthermore, participants in promotion-informational and prevention-controlling groups (regulatory fit conditions) performed more creatively than those in promotion-controlling and prevention-informational groups (regulatory non-fit conditions). In sum, the present findings contribute to a better understanding of how external evaluations and basic motivational orientations influence creative performance.
      PubDate: 2016-12-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9598-y
  • Emotion regulation strategy selection in daily life: The role of social
           context and goals
    • Authors: Tammy English; Ihno A. Lee; Oliver P. John; James J. Gross
      Abstract: Recent studies have begun to document the diversity of ways people regulate their emotions. However, one unanswered question is why people regulate their emotions as they do in everyday life. In the present research, we examined how social context and goals influence strategy selection in daily high points and low points. As expected, suppression was particularly tied to social features of context: it was used more when others were present, especially non-close partners, and when people had instrumental goals, especially more interpersonal ones (e.g., avoid conflict). Distraction and reappraisal were used more when regulating for hedonic reasons (e.g., to feel better), but these strategies were also linked to certain instrumental goals (e.g., getting work done). When contra-hedonic regulation occurred, it primarily took the form of dampening positive emotion during high points. Suppression was more likely to be used for contra-hedonic regulation, whereas reappraisal and distraction were used more for pro-hedonic regulation. Overall, these findings highlight the social nature of emotion regulation and underscore the importance of examining regulation in both positive and negative contexts.
      PubDate: 2016-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9597-z
  • Aberrations in emotional processing of violence-dependent stimuli are the
           core features of sadism
    • Authors: Janko Međedović
      Abstract: Psychopathy and sadism are personality traits that share emotional deficits and propensity towards violence. However, sadism should be based on additional affective aberrations: pleasant emotional responses to hurting others or witnessing others in pain. In Study 1 (N = 116) emotional responses to violent and peaceful images and their associations with the subclinical trait sadism are analyzed. The results showed that elevated positive emotions when observing violent stimuli and negative emotions as a reaction to peaceful stimuli predicted sadism, even when variance of psychopathy was controlled in the analysis. In Study 2 (N = 156) implicit associations between violence-dependent stimuli (measured by IAT task) and terms describing positive and negative emotions are analyzed. Again, lower negative associations to violent stimuli predicted sadism, together with psychopathic trait of callous affect. The obtained results provide additional clarification of emotional processes in subclinical sadism.
      PubDate: 2016-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9596-0
  • Approach–avoidance of facial affect is moderated by the presence of an
           observer-irrelevant trigger
    • Authors: S. B. Renard; P. J. de Jong; G. H. M. Pijnenborg
      Abstract: This study examined whether approach–avoidance related behaviour elicited by facial affect is moderated by the presence of an observer-irrelevant trigger that may influence the observer’s attributions of the actor’s emotion. Participants were shown happy, disgusted, and neutral facial expressions. Half of these were presented with a plausible trigger of the expression (a drink). Approach–avoidance related behaviour was indexed explicitly through a questionnaire (measuring intentions) and implicitly through a manikin version of the affective Simon task (measuring automatic behavioural tendencies). In the absence of an observer-irrelevant trigger, participants expressed the intention to avoid disgusted and approach happy facial expressions. Participants also showed a stronger approach tendency towards happy than towards disgusted facial expressions. The presence of the observer-irrelevant trigger had a moderating effect, decreasing the intention to approach happy and to avoid disgusted expressions. The trigger had no moderating effect on the approach–avoidance tendencies. Thus the influence of an observer-irrelevant trigger appears to reflect more of a controlled than automatic process.
      PubDate: 2016-11-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9595-1
  • Assisted versus asserted autonomy satisfaction: Their unique associations
           with wellbeing, integration of experience, and conflict negotiation
    • Authors: Lisa Legault; Kayla Ray; Amy Hudgins; Marissa Pelosi; Will Shannon
      Abstract: We investigate the possibility of two distinct approaches to autonomy satisfaction—one that is contextually “assisted” and one that is individually “asserted”. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (Pilot Study and Study 1; N = 449) develop and validate the two-factor structure. We then show that asserted and assisted autonomy orientations predict psychological wellbeing through distinct pathways (i.e., highly active/agentic vs. interdependent). In Study 2 (N = 206), we examine the sociodevelopmental antecedents of each type of autonomy satisfaction, revealing that assisted autonomy is associated with having had authoritiative parents, whereas asserted autonomy is associated with having had authoritarian parents. In Study 3 (N = 109) we show that asserted—but not assisted—autonomy predicts the integration of negative life experiences. Finally, in Study 4 (N = 202), we examine the degree to which assisted and asserted autonomy moderate responses to conflict in need-thwarting contexts, showing that assisted autonomy predicts an acquiescent coping style, whereas asserted autonomy predicts an assertive negotiation style.
      PubDate: 2016-10-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9593-3
  • Predicting pleasure at others’ misfortune: Morality trumps sociability
           and competence in driving deservingness and schadenfreude
    • Authors: Marco Brambilla; Paolo Riva
      Abstract: Schadenfreude occurs when people feel pleasure at others’ misfortunes. Previous research suggested that individuals feel such a malicious pleasure when the misfortune befalls social targets perceived as highly competent but lacking human warmth. Two experiments explored whether the two components of warmth (i.e., sociability and morality) have distinct roles in driving schadenfreude. Study 1 (N = 128) compared a competent but immoral individual to a competent but unsociable person and found that people felt more schadenfreude when a misfortune befell an individual lacking morality. Study 2 (N = 199) confirmed the primary role of morality in driving schadenfreude by manipulating not only morality and sociability, but also competence. Moreover, both experiments showed that social targets lacking moral qualities elicited higher levels of schadenfreude because their misfortunes were perceived as deserved. Overall, our findings suggest that morality has a primary role over other basic dimensions of person perception (i.e., sociability and competence) in driving schadenfreude.
      PubDate: 2016-10-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9594-2
  • The implications of need-satisfying work climates on state mindfulness in
           a longitudinal analysis of work outcomes
    • Authors: Anja H. Olafsen
      Abstract: Literature on mindfulness in the workplace is scarce, and the antecedents of state mindfulness are not understood. This study sought to investigate antecedents and outcomes of state mindfulness in a self-determination theory model in the work domain. Specifically, the present study contributes to an understanding of mindfulness by examining the implications of managerial need support and subsequent need satisfaction on state mindfulness, as well as outcomes of state mindfulness among employees. Results from a longitudinal analysis using data from four time points over 15 months supported the prediction that a need-supportive work climate related positively to state mindfulness through satisfaction of basic psychological needs. Furthermore, higher levels of state mindfulness had positive implications on subjective well-being as well as work-related outcomes. Specifically, the results showed a positive relation to subjective well-being and goal attainment, while a negative relation to burnout. Lastly, need satisfaction had an indirect relation to these outcomes through state mindfulness. These findings contribute to creating a link between the literature showing the importance of need-supportive work climates for well-being and other work-related outcomes, and the emerging literature on the positive benefits of mindfulness in organizational settings.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9592-4
  • The impact of rewards on empathic accuracy and emotional mimicry
    • Authors: Ursula Hess; Christophe Blaison; Stéphane Dandeneau
      Abstract: The notion that motivation influences empathic accuracy has been inferred from aspects of the task, the situation or the relationship between interaction partners or between groups. The present research assessed whether monetary reward influences cognitive and affective empathy. In Study 1, cognitive empathy was assessed for 42 participants who decoded briefly (33 ms) presented expressions of sadness and anger. For half the participants, correctly decoded expressions on male faces were rewarded, for the other half correctly decoded expressions on female faces were rewarded. The results showed that rewards increase empathic accuracy for both emotions equally. In Study 2, facial EMG was measured as well to assess emotional mimicry as an index of affective empathy. Study 2 replicated the findings from Study 1 and found a moderation of affective empathy as indexed through facial mimicry for sadness. Thus, simple monetary rewards affect both cognitive and affective empathy.
      PubDate: 2016-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9590-6
  • When friends exchange negative feedback
    • Authors: Stacey R. Finkelstein; Ayelet Fishbach; Yanping Tu
      Abstract: In four studies, we document an increase in the amount of negative feedback friends and colleagues exchange as their relationship deepens. We find that both actual and perceived relationship depth increase the amount of negative feedback people seek from and provide to each other, as well as their tendency to invest in a focal (relationship or performance) goal in response to negative feedback. The amount of positive feedback on goal pursuit, by contrast, remains stable as the relationship deepens. We attribute the increase in negative feedback to the different meaning of such feedback for people in deep versus shallow relationships: only in the context of deep relationships does negative feedback signal insufficient resource investment in the focal goal, and hence close friends and colleagues seek, provide, and respond to negative feedback.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9589-z
  • It ain’t over ‘til it’s over: The effect of task completion on the
           savoring of success
    • Authors: Marina Schall; Thomas Goetz; Sarah E. Martiny; Nathan C. Hall
      Abstract: The present research investigated a common yet to date unexamined assumption that individuals are unlikely to savor success when they have not yet fully completed a task. In Study 1 (N = 83), we assessed savoring responses of soccer players who were either winning or were tied at the end of the first half (in progress) and at the end of the match (completed). In Study 2 (N = 121 undergraduates), performance feedback (successful vs. average) and task completion (in progress vs. completed) were manipulated and savoring was assessed. In both studies, successful individuals reported savoring their positive experience less when the task was in progress as compared to completed. Results of a third study (N = 152 undergraduates) showed that lower savoring of success was due to individuals’ focus on and worries about future performance as well as the perception that positive emotions have limited utility. We discuss these findings in terms of the consequences for performance and well-being.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11031-016-9591-5
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