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Journal Cover   International Journal of Stress Management
  [SJR: 0.757]   [H-I: 33]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1072-5245
   Published by American Psychological Association (APA) Homepage  [68 journals]
  • The hidden dangers of attending work while unwell: A survey study of
           presenteeism among pharmacists.
    • Authors: Niven; Karen; Ciborowska, Natalia
      Abstract: Presenteeism refers to the phenomenon whereby employees continue to attend work while unwell. Existing research suggests that presentee workers may suffer consequences to their health and mental strain. In this paper, we investigate whether such consequences also have downstream effects in terms of the errors people make at work. We studied the effects of presenteeism among a large sample of pharmacists (N = 1,205), an occupation in which errors made can be safety critical, with implications for patient health. Seventy-six percent of the pharmacists in our sample were classed as presentee, having attended work while unwell enough to have taken time off on at least two occasions over the previous year. Presentee pharmacists made significantly more minor errors and serious mistakes, such as dispensing errors, compared to nonpresentee pharmacists. They also experienced greater feelings of anxiety and depression. Mediation analyses suggested that higher anxiety rates explained why presentee employees made more errors at work. Presenteeism therefore has significant health costs for both workers and their beneficiaries and can be classed as an important work-related stressor. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-04-20
      DOI: 10.1037/a0039131
  • Psychosocial safety climate as a management tool for employee engagement
           and performance: A multilevel analysis.
    • Authors: Idris; Mohd Awang; Dollard, Maureen F.; Tuckey, Michelle R.
      Abstract: The current study investigated a multilevel model of learning opportunities, worker engagement, and performance. In particular we explored the effect of team-level psychosocial safety climate (PSC)—the climate for psychological health and safety—on individual level job resources (i.e., learning opportunities), engagement, and performance. Because organizational factors (i.e., PSC) precede the design of work conditions, we theorized that PSC plays an important role in engagement and performance by being related to the provision of learning opportunities, and the likelihood that they will be enacted. We expected that PSC would therefore invoke the (individual level) motivational pathway of the Job Demands-Resources model. Participants were 427 employees from 56 teams (each from a different organization) in Malaysia. Team level PSC was positively related to job engagement, mediated by learning opportunities; PSC was related to performance mediated by job engagement. Overall, our findings support the role of team level PSC as an antecedent to positive work conditions and outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-03-16
      DOI: 10.1037/a0038986
  • Going beyond workplace stressors: Economic crisis and perceived
           employability in relation to psychological distress and job
    • Authors: Giorgi; Gabriele; Shoss, Mindy K.; Leon-Perez, Jose M.
      Abstract: The macroeconomic context and crisis management are now becoming salient issues among employees. Low levels of fear about the economic situation and the belief that one is capable of obtaining new employment may enable individuals to maintain mental health and job satisfaction in austere times. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship of fear of the economic crisis and nonemployability with job satisfaction and psychological distress, while controlling for demographics factors, stress exposures, and high conflict perceptions. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 3 Italian organizations comprising 679 workers with a response rate of more than 60%. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that, after controlling for demographics, psychological demands, lack of job control, and workplace bullying, low perceived employability and fear of the economic crisis were positively associated with psychological distress and negatively associated with job satisfaction. As an emerging topic of study, it appears that economic stress is an important construct in the nomological network for studying organizational health. The present study complements existing stress theories by suggesting that features of the external environment are relevant and important determinants of psychological distress and job dissatisfaction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-03-02
      DOI: 10.1037/a0038900
  • Determining the relationship between employee psychopathy and strain: Does
           the type of psychopathy matter'
    • Authors: Johnson; Valerie A.; Beehr, Terry A.; O’Brien, Kimberly E.
      Abstract: The present study adds to the emerging empirical research on psychopathy in the workplace by examining its potential influence on employees’ interpersonal relationships at work, their experience of work-related strain, and their turnover intentions. A total of 211 participants employed in various occupations in the United States were examined to investigate the potential effects of 2 types of psychopathy traits (i.e., primary and secondary) on workplace outcomes. A model tested with structural equation modeling indicated that higher levels of secondary psychopathy traits may lead to reduced supervisor support, increased emotional exhaustion, and greater turnover intentions. Further, the combined effects of supervisor support and exhaustion fully mediated the relationship between secondary psychopathy and turnover intentions. The findings provide evidence for psychopathy’s relevance to organizational research and theory for both workplace stress and employee selection. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-02-16
      DOI: 10.1037/a0038817
  • The relationship between psychological distress and coping strategies:
           Their perceived acceptability within a socio-cultural context of
           employment, and the motivation behind their choices.
    • Authors: Morimoto; Hiroshi; Shimada, Hironori
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the relationship between psychological distress and coping strategies that consider sociocultural beliefs about coping differs depending on the types of coping strategies and the motivation behind their choice. We considered the sociocultural beliefs about coping to be equivalent to the individual’s appraisal of the group’s acceptance of their coping strategy (i.e., appraisal of coping acceptability). Japanese employees (n = 737; 536 male and 201 female individuals; mean age 38.8 years, SD = 11.0) of an information technology company participated in the study. The results showed that, regardless of the type of coping strategy (i.e., problem-focused, emotion-focused, or avoidant coping), greater use of coping strategies presumed to be in line with sociocultural beliefs was related to lower psychological distress for task stressors, whereas greater use of problem-focused coping presumed to be in line with sociocultural beliefs was related to lower psychological distress for interpersonal stressors. The motivation for employing the chosen coping strategy was significantly related to psychological distress for task stressors, but not for interpersonal stressors. Although there were some significant interactions between the use of coping strategies, presumed being in line with sociocultural beliefs, and the motivation behind that choice, the interaction effect was small. These results suggest that the motivation for using a chosen coping strategy can affect the effectiveness of coping strategies, independent from the selective use of coping strategies made in consideration of sociocultural beliefs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      DOI: 10.1037/a0038484
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