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Journal Cover International Journal of Stress Management
  [SJR: 0.732]   [H-I: 43]   [11 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1072-5245
   Published by APA Homepage  [73 journals]
  • Characteristics of extended availability for work: The role of demands and
    • Authors: Dettmers; Jan; Bamberg, Eva; Seffzek, Kathleen
      Abstract: Several studies have identified extended availability for work during nonwork time as a demand in modern forms of work. The present study investigated the effects of specific characteristics of extended work availability in order to derive health-promoting design criteria. We hypothesized that demands associated with extended availability are related to impaired well-being and restricted recovery, whereas resources associated with extended availability would decrease impaired well-being and enhance recovery. We tested these hypotheses on 346 employees from different industries who completed an online survey assessing the demands related to extended availability such as the specific degree to which the organization required availability during nonwork time, the frequency of job contacts, and the resources to cope with extended availability such as the adequacy of the available equipment for dealing with job contacts, the predictability of job contacts, and the control of job contacts. The results of multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed significant effects of availability demands on the outcome variables of emotional exhaustion and recovery experiences. Resources associated with extended availability counteracted these effects by having negative effects on emotional exhaustion and positive effects on recovery. In part, they had a moderating effect on detrimental availability effects. It is concluded that there are characteristics that strengthen or buffer the effects of extended availability. Focusing on these characteristics, namely, resources, makes it possible to design extended availability in ways that minimize its negative effects if it is generally unavoidable for employees. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-02-15
      DOI: 10.1037/str0000014
  • Self-control demands at work and psychological strain: The moderating role
           of physical fitness.
    • Authors: Schmidt; Klaus-Helmut; Beck, Rüdiger; Rivkin, Wladislaw; Diestel, Stefan
      Abstract: The present study examined the moderating (buffering) influence of physical fitness on the positive relation between job-related self-control demands and psychological strain. Data from 819 participants were obtained during a voluntary medical checkup. Physical fitness was assessed by a well-established measure of maximal oxygen uptake (expressed as milliliters of oxygen consumed per kilogram of body weight per minute); all other study variables were assessed by validated self-report measures. Hierarchical moderated regression analyses provided support for the prediction that physical fitness buffers the adverse impact of self-control demands on various indicators of psychological strain (burnout, ego depletion, need for recovery). For employees with low levels of physical fitness, the adverse impact of self-control demands on strain was much more pronounced than for those with high levels of physical fitness. The moderating effect of physical fitness suggests preventive interventions, which promote fitness and health, as a stress buffer especially among employees who have to meet high self-control demands at work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-02-15
      DOI: 10.1037/str0000012
  • The effects of student violence against school employees on employee
           burnout and work engagement: The roles of perceived school unsafety and
           transformational leadership.
    • Authors: Bass; Benjamin I.; Cigularov, Konstantin P.; Chen, Peter Y.; Henry, Kimberly L.; Tomazic, Rocco G.; Li, Yiqiong
      Abstract: Victimization of school staff by students is a serious topic that receives scant attention. In this study, we quantified acts of student violence against school staff in one large school district in the Northeastern U.S. and examined the extent to which this type of victimization is associated with burnout and work engagement. We also examined a potential mediator (staff members’ perceptions of safety at school) and moderator (staff member’s perceptions of school leadership) of the relationship between victimization and both burnout and work engagement. These research questions were considered using cross-sectional, self-report data from 728 employees who responded to an anonymous, online survey. Consistent with our hypotheses, victimization was positively associated with burnout and negatively associated with work engagement. In addition, staff perceptions of school unsafety partially mediated the relationship between victimization and both burnout and work engagement, whereas transformational leadership buffered the effect of student violence against school employees on perceived school unsafety and work engagement. These results support the notion that student violence against school employees can be considered a job demand, whereas transformational leadership may act as a job resource. Moreover, our findings suggest that workplace safety perceptions can be a mediating mechanism between job demands and well-being outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-02-11
      DOI: 10.1037/str0000011
  • Job stressors and burnout in hospitals: The mediating role of emotional
    • Authors: Andela; Marie; Truchot, Didier; Van der Doef, Margot
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to better understand the relationship among job stressors, emotional dissonance, and burnout by exploring the mediating role of emotional dissonance between the variables. The study was conducted with a sample of 445 nurses and health care assistants from a general hospital. Four of their specific job stressors were taken into account (workload, patients’ and relatives’ requirements, patients’ suffering, and team collaboration problems) and measured with the WSINO (Borteyrou, Truchot, & Rascle, 2014). Burnout was measured with the MBI General Survey (Schaufeli, Leiter, Maslach, & Jackson, 1996) and emotional dissonance was measured with the scale developed by Andela, Truchot, and Borteyrou (2015). On the basis of Edwards’ (1992) cybernetic stress theory and Diefendorff and Gosserand’s (2003) theoretical model, we proposed that these job stressors are related to burnout through their influence on emotional dissonance. First, results indicate that emotional dissonance and workload, patients’ and relatives’ requirements, patients’ suffering, and coworkers stress were related to burnout. Second, mediation analysis confirmed the mediating role of emotional dissonance between workload, patient’s suffering, and burnout. Results contribute to the literature by underlining the relevance of including emotional dissonance in analyzing the relationship between job stressors and burnout. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-11-16
      DOI: 10.1037/str0000013
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