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Journal Cover International Journal of Stress Management
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 1072-5245
     Published by American Psychological Association (APA) Homepage  [67 journals]   [SJR: 0.554]   [H-I: 28]
  • Workload and procrastination: The roles of psychological detachment and
    • Authors: DeArmond; Sarah; Matthews, Russell A.; Bunk, Jennifer
      Abstract: In the present study, the self-control and recovery/detachment research literatures are integrated to explore the connection between workload and procrastination. We tested a conceptual model that draws heavily from the stressor-detachment model (Sonnentag, 2011), and represents one of the first empirical tests of this model. We hypothesized that psychological detachment would both mediate and moderate the relationship between workload and fatigue and that fatigue would mediate the relationship between psychological detachment and procrastination. We tested the hypothesized model by surveying 547 working adults at 3 points in time over a 2-month period. Psychological detachment fully mediated the relationship between workload and fatigue; psychological detachment did not moderate this relationship. Fatigue partially mediated the relationship between psychological detachment and procrastination. Further, workload was indirectly related to procrastination 2 months later through relationships with psychological detachment and fatigue. These findings suggest that occupational stressors are related to procrastination and that this relationship can be partially explained by psychological detachment and fatigue. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2013-12-23
      DOI: 10.1037/a0034893
  • Association of brief mindfulness training with reductions in perceived
           stress and distress in Colombian health care professionals.
    • Authors: Manotas; Manuel; Segura, Carolina; Eraso, Mauricio; Oggins, Jean; McGovern, Katie
      Abstract: This randomized, controlled study was designed to (a) replicate the benefits of mindfulness-based interventions in a community sample of health care employees at La Fundación Santa Fe de Bogota in Bogota, Colombia, a new population and geographic area; and (b) examine the efficacy of a 4-week mindfulness intervention. The study design included pre- and postassessments of depression, anxiety, somatization, global symptoms, perceived stress, and 5 facets of mindfulness. The results showed that the group that received mindfulness training reported increases in the mindfulness facets of observing and nonjudging, as well as reduced posttest anxiety, depression, somatization, and perceived stress. Overall, the findings suggest that 4-week mindfulness interventions may be an effective means of reducing stress among health care professionals. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2013-12-09
      DOI: 10.1037/a0035150
  • Emotional disclosure and posttraumatic stress symptoms: Veteran and spouse
    • Authors: Hoyt; Tim; Renshaw, Keith D.
      Abstract: Recent research has shown a relationship between self-disclosure and symptoms of posttraumatic stress in combat veterans. However, previous research has not controlled for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms prior to disclosure, leaving the directionality of this association in question. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veteran service members from the Utah National Guard and Reserves (n = 81) and partners of service members (n = 80) completed survey measures of combat exposure, PTSD symptoms, social support, and emotional disclosure at two separate time points after deployment. Greater disclosure of positive emotions regarding combat deployment to support figures without shared combat exposure predicted lower symptoms of PTSD, even when controlling for prior symptoms of PTSD and perceived social support. In contrast, greater disclosure to support figures who also experienced combat predicted greater symptoms of PTSD, even when controlling for prior PTSD symptoms. Disclosure of positive emotions associated with combat deployment may serve as a protective factor against the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress symptoms, particularly when that disclosure includes individuals without shared deployment experiences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2013-12-09
      DOI: 10.1037/a0035162
  • Unifying the challenge-hindrance and sociocognitive models of stress.
    • Authors: Edwards, Bryan D.; Franco-Watkins, Ana M.; Cullen, Kristin L.; Howell, Julia W.; Acuff Jr; Roy E.
      Abstract: We put forth a theoretical unification of 2 of the more popular theories of job stress: challenge-hindrance and the sociocognitive models of stress, to explain the process by which stress impacts performance. In Study 1, we manipulated challenge (n = 98) and hindrance stress (n = 96) and measured its effect on perceived stress, on-task effort, negative affective thoughts, and decision-making performance. The relationship between perceived stress and performance was fully mediated by on-task effort and negative affective thoughts. In Study 2, we manipulated stressor strength by randomly assigning participants to a pervasive time pressure (n = 48) or no time pressure (n = 47) condition. Compared with the no time pressure condition, the pervasive time pressure significantly reduced performance and increased perceived stress. Across the 2 studies, we identified a boundary condition of the challenge-hindrance model in that the severity of the stressor influenced the extent to which people perceive a stressor as a challenge or a hindrance and relationships with performance. Furthermore, individual differences in perceived stress had a stronger impact on performance than the actual stressors in the weaker situation (no time pressure). Our results demonstrate the advantage of uniting the sociocognitive model of stress with its emphasis on individual differences in stress perceptions with the challenge-hindrance model and its distinction between positive and negative stressors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2013-11-04
      DOI: 10.1037/a0034730
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