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Journal Cover   International Journal of Stress Management
  [SJR: 0.757]   [H-I: 33]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1072-5245
   Published by American Psychological Association (APA) Homepage  [68 journals]
  • Rumination and suppression as mediators of the relationship between
           dysfunctional beliefs and traumatic stress.
    • Abstract: The purpose of this present research is to investigate the role of dysfunctional beliefs in developing intrusive memories, a hallmark symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although dysfunctional beliefs have predicted traumatic stress after various types of traumatic events, the mechanisms through which cognitive distortions influence traumatic distress for persons indirectly exposed to traumatic events remain unclear. The high levels of symptom similarity suggest that established vulnerability factors for PTSD in primary victims may also serve as vulnerability factors for traumatic stress symptoms in indirect victims. Therefore, we hypothesized that cognitive processes of rumination and suppression would operate as mediators between dysfunctional beliefs and traumatic distress. A total of 138 medical staff across 3 hospitals in Romania completed measures of dysfunctional beliefs, responses to intrusion, and secondary traumatic stress. The results emphasized the importance of dysfunctional beliefs as predictors of intrusions. Also, our data indicated that rumination and suppression mediated the effects of dysfunctional beliefs about oneself and about the world when it comes to traumatic stress. These results provide insight into a mechanism through which dysfunctional beliefs may affect posttraumatic stress and may highlight the importance of examining multiple vulnerability factors simultaneously in increasing the understanding of the etiology of PTSD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-05-04
      DOI: 10.1037/a0039272
  • Brief stress management reduces acute distress and buffers physiological
           response to a social stress test.
    • Abstract: This pilot study examined whether brief 1-session stress management strategies can reduce acute subjective distress and buffer physiological stress responses to a laboratory-based social stress test. We randomized 120 healthy young adults to a brief enhanced-mindfulness intervention, a somatic-relaxation intervention, or an attention-only control group. All participants then underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST; Kirschbaum, Pirke, & Hellhammer, 1993), a highly standardized and validated laboratory-based social stress induction protocol. We examined acute subjective distress via self-report, as well as salivary assays of cortisol (sCORT) and alpha-amylase (sAA) during the experiment. Participants in the 2 active stress management groups reported significant reductions in subjective distress during the intervention portion compared with the control group. There were also significant group differences for sCORT responsiveness to the TSST favoring the stress management groups. Reductions in subjective distress reported during the brief interventions were significantly associated with attenuation in sCORT response during the TSST. These results provide preliminary evidence that even very brief stress management strategies may be effective in reducing acute distress and also at buffering physiological response during social stress. Practical implications of these findings and future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-04-20
      DOI: 10.1037/a0039130
  • Workplace conflict and absence/lateness: The moderating effect of core
           self-evaluation in China and the United States.
    • Authors: Liu; Cong; Li, Chaoping; Fan, Jinyan; Nauta, Margaret M.
      Abstract: We examined the moderating effects of core self-evaluation (CSE) on the relationships between interpersonal conflict and employee’s absence and lateness in China and the United States. Employee–coworker matched data were collected from university employees in these 2 countries. The dataset was comprised of 204 employee-coworker dyads from the U.S. and 166 dyads from China. We found that self-reported interpersonal conflict at work was positively related to absence and lateness, but coworker-reported conflict was not. CSE buffered the positive relationship between self-reported conflict and employee’s absence, as well as the positive relationships between coworker-reported conflict and absence/lateness. Generally speaking, interpersonal conflict positively related to absence and lateness for employees low in CSE but not for employees high in CSE. Finally, the 3-way interaction analyses indicated that the buffering effects of CSE were significant in the U.S. but not in China. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-04-20
      DOI: 10.1037/a0039163
  • Job insecurity, worries about the future, and somatic complaints in two
           economic and cultural contexts: A study in Spain and Austria.
    • Abstract: Job insecurity is an evident work stressor with a well-established negative impact on health and well-being. However, there is little empirical evidence for the underlying mechanisms. Against the background of the Conservation of Resources (COR) theory of stress, this questionnaire study examined the anticipated deprivation hypothesis – proposing that worries about material (financial) deprivation and a decline of social relationships in the future mediate the relationship between job insecurity and somatic complaints. The sample was composed of 1,445 employees from Spain and Austria. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM) supported mediation effects in both countries, especially for worries about a future deterioration of social relationships. Moreover, the study addressed the role of the economic and cultural contexts. Although job insecurity and worries about the future were significantly higher in the Spanish subsample, results of a Multi-Group SEM showed (in contradiction to the initial hypothesis) stronger effects in the Austrian subsample. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-04-20
      DOI: 10.1037/a0039164
  • Adverse outcome of continuous traumatic stress: A qualitative inquiry.
    • Authors: Somer; Eli; Ataria, Yochai
      Abstract: Fifteen mothers living in Sderot, a small blue-collar town located 1 mile east of the Israel–Gaza border, all diagnosed as suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), were interviewed about their experiences under the continuous threat of rocket attacks. Respondents described civilian life in a battlefield environment, an experience defined as Continuous Traumatic Stress (CTS). Reported reactions to CTS included (a) changes in arousal and reactivity, (b) negative alterations in cognitions and mood, and (c) radical avoidance. However, unlike PTSD, the reports did not include any intrusive symptoms of flashbacks and nightmares, which was further validated using a methodological triangulation procedure. Suggestions for stress management and clinical intervention in communities affected by CTS are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2014-10-27
      DOI: 10.1037/a0038300
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