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Journal Cover   Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.552]   [H-I: 45]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2290 journals]
  • Social Factors Affecting the Completion of a Batterer Intervention Program
    • Abstract: From the perspective of social learning theory, factors such as experiences with childhood abuse, witnessing sibling and parental violence, having a distant relationship with one’s father, and experiencing parental divorce were expected to be associated with completion of a 52-week court-mandated batterer intervention program. Archival data from 180 clinical files of adult male batterers, aged 18 and older, who completed at least an intake session from an existing state-approved domestic violence treatment facility in the Los Angeles area, were analyzed. Results from a binary logistical regression showed that none of the independent variables were significant predictors of program completion. However, each independent variable was individually associated with program completion (p < .05). This finding reveals a need to further explore the impact of these variables so that programs can be tailored to meet the specific needs of batterers in treatment. Limitations, clinical implications, and future directions for research are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03
  • The Impact of an Awareness Raising Program to Reduce Parental use of
           Aversive Disciplinary Practices
    • Abstract: This study conducted among Sri Lankan parents aimed to: (a) provide prevalence information regarding their use of various disciplinary practices, (b) examine their attitudes towards corporal punishment, (c) examine differences in disciplinary practices and attitudes based on demographic characteristics, and (d) evaluate an information-giving program/intervention on disciplining. The Parent–child Conflict Tactic Scale indicated a high rate of use of all disciplinary practices. Corporal punishment and psychological aggression differed significantly by parents’ age and occupational status, but not by gender, ethnicity, or religion. Post-intervention data, gathered 6 weeks apart, indicated a significant decline in the use of aversive disciplining practices. This study suggests that a time-limited information-giving approach could be useful in reducing parental use and attitude towards aversive disciplinary practices.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Intimate Partner Violence and Risk of Psychiatric Symptoms: the Moderating
           Role of Attachment
    • Abstract: Numerous studies have examined attachment in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, but less is known about adult attachment insecurity relative to victimization. This study’s objective was to evaluate attachment insecurity as a moderator of the association between IPV victimization and risk of psychiatric symptoms. Data come from a subsample (n = 215) of female healthcare workers in a longitudinal study of violence and health. Structural equation modeling was conducted to evaluate the association between IPV victimization and posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms and to examine IPV exposure and psychiatric outcomes by levels of attachment insecurity. Findings suggest that anxious attachment confers vulnerability to depression following conflict and highlight the importance of attachment security in the context of interventions for interpersonal violence.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Broken Dreams: Impact of Partner Violence on the Career Development
           Process for Professional Women
    • Abstract: During the past few decades, scholars have focused their attention on investigating the impact of partner violence on women’s work activities, financial well-being, and employment stability. Significantly less is known about the impact of partner violence on women’s career development over time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of partner violence on multiple facets of women’s career development at different stages of violence survival. Case study methods were used to examine career trajectories during and after long term abusive relationships for four professional women ages 45 to 55. Findings revealed that during abusive relationships, components of career development and career planning, daily work activities, career advancement, career identity, professional reputation, and opportunities for career advancement were disrupted and affected by partner’s abuse. In addition, abuse continued to affect women’s physical and mental health, financial stability, and support network, affecting their career trajectory over time.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Family Communication Patterns, Sympathy, Perspective-Taking, and
           Girls’ Thoughts About Interpersonal Violence
    • Abstract: This self report online study explored the process of moral reasoning about interpersonal violence by considering the roles of family communication patterns, mediated by sympathy and perspective-taking (PT) in girls ages 6–16 (N = 253). Using structural equation modeling, findings suggest that families where conversation communication plays a central role nurture abilities to sympathize and PT. Further, younger girls tend to be driven by sympathy, which shifts to PT as they age. These abilities positively correlate with thoughts about interpersonal violence as wrong whether “justified” and independent of severity. Error correlations infer that, at some level, “justified” violence is acceptable and, to a lesser degree, the severity of the violence plays a role in moral reasoning about violence, thus suggesting complex thought.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Intimate Partner Violence and Homelessness as Mediators of the Effects of
           Cumulative Childhood Victimization Clusters on Adolescent Mothers’
           Depression Symptoms
    • Abstract: This study examines the relationships between cumulative victimization that began during childhood (witnessing intimate partner violence [IPV], physical abuse by a caregiver, and sexual victimization), adolescent IPV victimization, homelessness, and depression symptoms within a sample of 206 urban adolescent mothers. We used cluster analysis to identify five profiles of cumulative childhood victimization, and explored the extent to which adolescent IPV victimization and homelessness mediated the relationships between these clusters and participants’ current depression symptoms. Overall, we found that a significant portion of the effect of cumulative childhood victimization on current depression was explained by IPV victimization and homelessness, indicating that both are important mediators of childhood violence exposure within this high-risk sample of young women.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome: A Case Series Study from Turkey
    • Abstract: Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a rare form of child abuse in which a caregiver deliberately exaggerates, fabricates, and/or induces health problems in those in their care. The condition is extremely difficult to characterize and diagnose, as it manifests in many forms, often confusing the medical team. Insufficient knowledge regarding the syndrome and rare consideration of the differential diagnosis results in failure to recognize the problem. Literature suggests that an increase in physician awareness of the disorder can prevent or reduce its morbidity and mortality. For this reason, we believe that case series can help increase current knowledge on epidemiology, aetiology, diagnostic criteria, advised management of MSBP, and the psychological portrait of the perpetrator. Additionally, no data from Turkey has previously been presented on this issue. This study aimed to report characteristics of MSPB victims and alleged perpetrator, which were diagnosed and managed by a multidisciplinary team.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • An Examination of Psychopathology Among Men who have Suspended the Use of
           Violence in Their Intimate Relationships
    • Abstract: It is well established that personality pathology has been associated with the onset and continued perpetration of intimate partner violence, yet if and how this relates to the cessation of such behaviours remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether personality pathology differentiated 37 intimate partner violent men who had suspended the use of violence against their intimates (‘desisters’), 50 persisters, and 49 non-violent controls using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III subscales. Cluster A and Cluster B disorders at a diagnostic level were more often reported in men who had used violence against intimates compared to men in the control group. The rates and percentages of clinically meaningful traits and disorders were lower for the desisters than the persisters, with the desisters more like the controls than the persisters. The findings suggest that the initial stage of the desistance process may be related to personality pathology.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Living on the Edges: Between Victims and Survivors, the Voices of Abused
           Adolescent Girls
    • Abstract: The purpose of this article is to utilize an insider’s perspective to describe and analyze the experience of abuse and neglect of adolescent girls in Israel. A purposive sample of 20 adolescent, “at risk” girls was interviewed and chosen due to intensive experiences of abuse throughout their lives. Findings highlighted how these individuals negotiated and framed their experiences in order to enable them to cope with the abuse they had endured. Firstly, they manipulated space as well as time, using controlled, incremental processing (“dosing”) when narrating their experiences. For the adolescents in our study, communication was a central organizing axis of their abuse experiences and a tool for healing, encouraging a sense of self and facilitating relationships with others. In addition, the findings indicated that these adolescent girls possess a body of experiential knowledge that translates into coping skills extending beyond their abuse experiences.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Maternal Factors as Moderators or Mediators of PTSD Symptoms in Very Young
           Children: A Two-Year Prospective Study
    • Abstract: Research has suggested that parenting behaviors and other parental factors impact the long-term outcome of children’s posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In a sample of 62 children between the ages of one and six who experienced life-threatening traumas, PTSD was measured prospectively 2 years apart. Seven maternal factors were measured in a multi-method, multi-informant design. Both moderation and mediation models, with different theoretical and mechanism implications, were tested. Moderation models were not significant. Mediation models were significant when the mediator variable was maternal symptoms of PTSD or depression (measured at Time 1), self-report of maternal escape/avoidance coping (measured at Time 2), or self-report emotional sensitivity (measured at Time 2). Greater maternal emotional sensitivity was associated with greater Time 2 PTSD symptoms among children. Observational measures of emotional sensitivity as the mediator were not supported. Correlation of parents’ and children’s symptoms is a robust finding, however caution is warranted in attributing children’s PTSD symptoms to insensitive parenting.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Erratum to: Effectiveness of Risk-Needs-Responsivity-Based Family Violence
           Programs with Male Offenders
    • PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Parental Monitoring and Perceptions Related to Juvenile Offenders Who
           Fight and Carry Weapons
    • Abstract: The present study examined constructs of parents, namely parental monitoring and perceptions, who were accompanying their adolescent child to juvenile court. The Juvenile Offender Parent Questionnaire (JOPQ) was administered to 151 parents/guardians of juveniles between the ages of 13 and 17 being arraigned in juvenile court. Results reveal that parents of weapon carriers and parents of fighters both appear to be exasperated when compared with other parents who were also accompanying their adolescent child to juvenile court. Parents of weapon carriers and parents of fighters report increased exasperation with regard to their child, difficulty in monitoring their child’s behavior, fear of physical harm from their child, and the perception that their child has been exposed to more violence than the comparison group. Further avenues for research and intervention are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Discrepant Alcohol Use, Intimate Partner Violence, and Relationship
           Adjustment among Lesbian Women and their Same-Sex Intimate Partners
    • Abstract: This study examined the association between relationship adjustment and discrepant alcohol use among lesbian women and their same-sex intimate partners after controlling for verbal and physical aggression. Lesbian women (N = 819) who were members of online marketing research panels completed an online survey in which they reported both their own and same-sex intimate partner’s alcohol use, their relationship adjustment, and their own and their partner’s physical aggression and psychological aggression (i.e., verbal aggression and dominance/isolation). Partners’ alcohol use was moderately correlated. Discrepancy in alcohol use was associated with poorer relationship adjustment after controlling for psychological aggression and physical aggression. Results are discussed in terms of the similarity and differences with previous literature primarily focused on heterosexual couples.
      PubDate: 2015-06-11
  • Domestic Violence Against Rural Women in Pakistan: An Issue of Health and
           Human Rights
    • Abstract: Pakistani women living in rural areas are particularly vulnerable to violence because of their relatively weaker social position and lack of awareness about their legal rights. We investigated domestic violence against rural women and its association with women’s health. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from Rural Health Center of five selected districts by conducting face-to-face interviews from 490 randomly selected women of reproductive age. The data showed that about 65 % of the interviewed women had experienced different types of violence, with psychological violence being the most common. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that women’s low education, low income, and marriage at an early age were significantly associated with domestic violence. Additionally, Domestic violence was significantly associated with poor mental and reproductive health. These findings may be useful in developing public health programs to address domestic violence against rural women.
      PubDate: 2015-06-11
  • Family Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk-Taking Among Latino Emerging
           Adults: The Role of Posttraumatic Stress Symptomology and Acculturative
    • Abstract: This study proposes that posttraumatic stress symptomology and acculturative stress may further explain the relationship between family violence exposure and sexual risk-taking behaviors among Latino emerging adults (N = 1,100). A moderated mediation analysis indicated that lifetime rates of family violence exposure were positively associated with sexual risk-taking via posttraumatic stress symptomology, and this mediation significantly varied as a function of acculturative stress. Overall, the findings of the current study underscore a need for a better understanding of how family violence exposure puts Latino emerging adults at risk for aversive health outcomes and suggest the use of an ecological systemic framework that examines the interactions between family, individual, and cultural systems in relation to health risk-taking behaviors.
      PubDate: 2015-06-09
  • The Co-Occurrence of Domestic and Child Violence in Urban Peru: Evidence
           from Three Regions
    • Abstract: Using a unique dataset collected from three regions in Peru (Huancavelica, Lima and Loreto), this study explores the co-occurrence of domestic and child violence within households; that is, the situation where a victim of domestic violence (mother) becomes a perpetrator towards other family members (children) in the same household. Secondly, the study seeks to analyze whether that relationship varies according to different levels of family wealth. The findings reveal that there is effectively, a co-occurrence between domestic and child violence.
      PubDate: 2015-06-06
  • Positive and Negative Jealousy in the Association Between Problem Drinking
           and IPV Perpetration
    • Abstract: In the context of established associations between alcohol problems and intimate partner violence (IPV), the current study investigated whether jealousy has positive and negative dimensions, and whether they differentially moderate the association between problem drinking and IPV perpetration in heavy-drinking college students (N = 448). Factor analyses suggested positive and negative dimensions of jealousy. Whereas negative jealousy was conceptualized by the traditional definition of jealousy, positive jealousy reflected relationship commitment and emotional distress upon considering one’s partner becoming romantically involved with another person. Results supported hypotheses such that positive and negative jealousy dimensions moderated the drinking problems-IPV link in opposite directions: Drinking problems were associated with increased perpetration among individuals higher in negative and lower in positive jealousy. Results provide support for the notion that jealousy is not universally negative and highlight the importance of different types of jealousy in understanding the association between alcohol problems and IPV perpetration.
      PubDate: 2015-06-04
  • Children, Family Violence and Group Work: Some Do’s and Don’ts
           in Running Therapeutic Groups with Children Affected by Family Violence
    • Abstract: Therapeutic work with children who have experienced family violence must attend to the child’s relational world, to understand what they have experienced, how they have understood such experiences and to offer opportunities for potential relational repair. This article will focus on the relational intensity and reparative opportunities generated within good therapeutic group work and some important practice principles that we have found guide this. It will also explore how the dynamics within such groups may replicate the relational patterns that operate within families were there is violence. It is how we as facilitators hold the relational fabric of the group that may then provide opportunities for such dynamics to be ameliorated.
      PubDate: 2015-06-04
  • Connecting Partner Violence to Poor Functioning for Mothers and Children:
           Modeling Intergenerational Outcomes
    • Abstract: Violence against women, a global epidemic, frequently begins in childhood. Many abused women are mothers and many children witness the abuse of their mothers. To better understand the intergenerational impact and associated health outcomes, we tested 300 mother-child pairs using structural equation modeling. Mother’s history of abuse during childhood directly impacted the level of adult abuse, which predicted her child’s witness to the abuse. Maternal pain predicted maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Mother’s mental health predicted the degree of child dysfunction, such as aggression and depression. These findings offer evidence for the urgent need to provide mental health interventions to improve maternal functioning of abused mothers as a conduit intervention to prevent child dysfunction and promote mother-child health.
      PubDate: 2015-05-03
  • Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence in Male Baby Boom and Elderly
           South Korean Cohorts
    • Abstract: The current study seeks to identify the past-year prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and to find out how factors from the ecological system perspectives relate to IPV among baby boomers and the current elderly. The 2010 National Domestic Violence Survey data of South Korea were used. The samples consisted of current elderly men (N = 180), early baby boomers (N = 134), and late baby boomers (N = 168). The findings were that 21.4 % of the late baby boomers, 13.4 % of the early baby boomers and 11.7 % of the current elderly reported IPV in the past year. For the late and early baby boomers, it was shown that controlling behavior was associated with IPV. Among the current elderly group, depression and patriarchal attitude were associated with IPV. The findings suggest specifically targeted intervention programs in order to mitigate IPV by generation in South Korea.
      PubDate: 2015-05-03
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