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Journal Cover   Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.552]   [H-I: 45]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2276 journals]
  • Intimate Partner Violence Related Stress and the Coping Experiences of
           Survivors: “There’s Only So Much a Person Can Handle”
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent problem associated with multiple negative outcomes for survivors’ well-being. Coping has emerged as an important construct in understanding the association between IPV and survivors’ well-being. Research is needed to better understand the contextual complexity of IPV as a stressor, determine if IPV is a unique stressor, and document survivors’ coping experiences. This article reports findings of a qualitative study with 25 female survivors and 6 service providers. Analysis of interview data shows 3 key themes: (a) coping strategies used by survivors; (b) challenges and barriers to coping with IPV; and (c) IPV as a unique stressor. Despite multiple challenges and barriers to coping with IPV, survivors use multiple, varied strategies to cope with their experiences of abuse. However, given the context and nature of IPV, violent victimization is a distinct stressor with unique barriers that often require IPV-specific coping strategies.
      PubDate: 2015-11-23
  • Edleson Revisited: Reviewing Children’s Witnessing of Domestic
           Violence 15 Years Later
    • Abstract: Abstract A systematic review of literature was conducted using the criteria identified in Edleson’s (Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14(8), 839–870, 1999) article titled “Children’s witnessing of domestic violence.” Based on the recommendations in Edleson’s (Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14(8), 839–870, 1999) article, four themes were examined in the current research 1) the impact of exposure to domestic violence, 2) the cumulative effects of exposure to multiple forms of violence, 3) potential protective factors that highlight children’s resilience, and 4) the father-child relationship. Using similar methods identified in Edleson’s (Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14(8), 839–870, 1999) article, the literature was searched and 46 articles reviewed during the Fall of 2014. The results highlight areas of great success in expanding the understanding of children’s exposure to domestic violence to increase identification and prevalence. However, the results found that after nearly 15 years, there has been little advancement in the research literature on emphasizing children’s voices in their experiences of domestic violence.
      PubDate: 2015-11-20
  • Theoretical Considerations on Men’s Experiences of Intimate Partner
           Violence: An Interview-Based Study
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims at exploring and interpreting men’s experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the light of selected current theoretical contributions to the field, with an emphasis on Michael P. Johnson’s violence typology. The material consisted of twenty interviews with men who self-identified as having been subjected to IPV. Men generally did not consider physical violence to be threatening when it was perpetrated by women. They were also not subjected to the multiple control tactics that define the intimate terrorism category of Johnson’s violence typology, lending support to the argument that women’s and men’s experiences of IPV differ in opposite-sex relationships. Furthermore, our findings encourage the integration of structural inequalities related to gender and sexuality in analyses of men’s experiences of IPV.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
  • A Spatial Latent Gaussian Model for Intimate Partner Violence Against Men
           in Africa
    • Abstract: Abstract This study used data from the Demographic and Health Surveys to examine the prevalence and correlates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against men in Africa. Nationally representative data from 12 countries was analysed using a Spatial Latent Gaussian Model to capture the linear and non-linear nature of covariates while accounting for spatial heterogeneity. The results showed that female perpetrated abuse was significantly associated with education, alcohol consumption, intergenerational cycle of violence, polygamy, wealth, and type of union. As far as age of perpetrator (female) or victim (male) and spousal age difference were concerned, they had a non-linear effect on IPV. Furthermore, the spatial effects highlighted lack of spatial autocorrelation between the prevalence of IPV as one moves from country to country.
      PubDate: 2015-11-02
  • Family Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk-Taking Among Latino Emerging
           Adults: The Role of Posttraumatic Stress Symptomology and Acculturative
    • Abstract: Abstract This study proposes that posttraumatic stress symptomology and acculturative stress may further explain the relationship between family violence exposure and sexual risk-taking behaviors among Latino emerging adults (N = 1,100). A moderated mediation analysis indicated that lifetime rates of family violence exposure were positively associated with sexual risk-taking via posttraumatic stress symptomology, and this mediation significantly varied as a function of acculturative stress. Overall, the findings of the current study underscore a need for a better understanding of how family violence exposure puts Latino emerging adults at risk for aversive health outcomes and suggest the use of an ecological systemic framework that examines the interactions between family, individual, and cultural systems in relation to health risk-taking behaviors.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Temporal Changes in Intimate Partner Violence and Relationship
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined the impact of temporal changes in intimate partner violence (IPV) on individuals’ romantic relationship. Analyses based on a sample of 8279 young adults from Waves III and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) revealed that greater temporal increases in victimization were related to lower satisfaction. The association between increases in perpetration and satisfaction was not significant. Additionally, for women, greater increases in IPV perpetration were related to higher satisfaction. For men, the association between increases in perpetration and satisfaction was not significant. For both men and women, greater increases in victimization were related to lower satisfaction. Thus, temporal changes in IPV might have differing impacts on relationship satisfaction for men versus women.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Profiles of Intimate Partner Violence Victimization, Substance Misuse, and
           Depression Among Female Caregivers Involved with Child Protective Services
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, substance misuse, and depression are highly prevalent among female caregivers involved with child protective services (CPS). Understanding heterogeneity in the occurrence of these problems is essential to improving pathways to intervention. Latent class analysis was employed to determine whether homogeneous subgroups of female caregivers who experience different patterns of IPV victimization, substance misuse, and depression exist. A restricted three-class solution best fit the data. A substantial number of female caregivers comprises the high-risk subgroup (33 %) in which caregivers reported high rates of IPV victimization, substance misuse, and depression. Avery small proportion comprised the no-risk subgroup (9 %). Findings emphasize heterogeneity among female caregivers based on these risk factors, which may have implications for practitioners, CPS caseworkers, and researchers.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Reporting Patterns of Unidirectional and Bidirectional Verbal Aggression
           and Physical Violence Among Rural Couples
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, we examined the occurrence of verbal aggression and physical violence along with the concordance of reporting in 517 cohabiting rural couples. More female partners reported perpetrating verbal aggression than their male partners reported being a victim. Male partners reported being a victim of physical violence more than females reported perpetrating physical violence. Female partners reported being a victim of both verbal aggression and physical violence more than males reported being a victim or perpetrator. Based on reporting patterns, the prevalence of violence varied considerably. The findings have implications for how violence is measured in couples and how prevalence is reported.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) on Parenting by Mothers
           Within an Ethnically Diverse Population in the Netherlands
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) profoundly affects multiple life domains for the people involved. We report on the experiences of Dutch mothers of various ethnic backgrounds regarding their parenting during and after IPV, their perceptions of the influence of IPV on their parenting, as well as their need for and experiences with support services. We conducted qualitative interviews with 100 mothers in the Netherlands who had experienced IPV. Most reported negative experiences with parenting (both during and after the IPV), a strong effect of the IPV on their parenting, as well as circumstances that aggravated this effect. The mothers had used multiple sources of formal and informal support. Although most evaluated the support that they had received positively, some also mentioned mixed or negative experiences. Many were still in need of support. Relationships with ethnic background and the severity of IPV are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Early
    • Abstract: Abstract Children who experience trauma due to exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) have been shown to exhibit higher than average rates of cognitive, psychological, and emotional impairments. Our research uses the first five waves of the Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study to examine the effects of exposure to intimate partner violence in early childhood (as measured by their mothers’ experiences with physical violence and economic abuse) on delinquency at age nine . It also investigates whether these effects are mediated by parental involvement and exposure to child neglect and physical punishment. Results indicate that children’s exposure to IPV at Year 1 and Year 3 had direct effects on their tendency toward delinquent behavior at Year 9, and that parental involvement, child neglect, and physical punishment also had significant mediating effects. Given the importance of early delinquency to later achievement, the findings may provide implications for early intervention.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Men’s and Women’s Experience of IPV Part II: A Review of New
           Developments in Comparative Studies in Clinical Populations
    • Abstract: Abstract The present paper reviews literature on gender differences in the perpetration, motivation, and impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) in clinical samples published between 2002 and 2013 to update and extend a previous review by Hamberger (Violence & Victims, 20, 131–151, 2005). Results showed that women are likely to incur more costs related to abuse. Men arrested for IPV have more extensive criminal histories and higher recidivism rates than women. When identified as suspects, men and women are equally likely to be arrested, taking into account other relevant factors. Women are less likely to be prosecuted and more likely to be granted restraining orders at lower levels of violence. Female perpetrators have higher levels of psychopathology except for antisocial personality traits. Findings regarding drug and alcohol use are as yet conflicting; although there are gender differences, it is difficult to generalize from the present findings. Research and clinical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Child Abuse and the Experience of Violence in College Dating
           Relationships: Examining the Moderating Effect of Gender and Race
    • Abstract: Abstract Prior research suggests that being abused during childhood significantly increases one’s risk for the involvement in violent intimate relationships across the life course. The current study contributes to the literature by using a large sample of college students to explore the moderating effects of race and gender on the relationship between child abuse and later experiences of intimate partner violence. Results indicate that for both men and women, child abuse increases the risk for dating violence. Findings also suggest that specific race and gender combinations moderate the relationship between child abuse and later experiences of IPV, specifically regarding the risk for mutual or bidirectional violence. Implications for prevention and intervention and directions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Discrepant Alcohol Use, Intimate Partner Violence, and Relationship
           Adjustment among Lesbian Women and their Same-Sex Intimate Partners
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined the association between relationship adjustment and discrepant alcohol use among lesbian women and their same-sex intimate partners after controlling for verbal and physical aggression. Lesbian women (N = 819) who were members of online marketing research panels completed an online survey in which they reported both their own and same-sex intimate partner’s alcohol use, their relationship adjustment, and their own and their partner’s physical aggression and psychological aggression (i.e., verbal aggression and dominance/isolation). Partners’ alcohol use was moderately correlated. Discrepancy in alcohol use was associated with poorer relationship adjustment after controlling for psychological aggression and physical aggression. Results are discussed in terms of the similarity and differences with previous literature primarily focused on heterosexual couples.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Intimate Partner Violence and Risk for Cervical Cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the literature and present a comprehensive model of three pathways through which IPV increases the risk for cervical cancer. The first pathway is increased exposure to cervical cancer risk factors among IPV victims, including smoking, psychosocial stress, risky sexual behaviors, and sexually transmitted infections (STDs/STIs), particularly human papillomavirus infection. The second pathway is poor compliance with cervical cancer screening. The third pathway is delay/discontinuation in treatment for cervical dysplasia and neoplasia. Control imposed by the abusive partner, competing life priorities, and limited access to financial/support resources restrict a woman’s ability to seek cancer services. Higher rates, severity, and duration of IPV among low-income, Black, and Hispanic women may explain the pervasive cervical cancer disparities.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Positive and Negative Jealousy in the Association Between Problem Drinking
           and IPV Perpetration
    • Abstract: Abstract In the context of established associations between alcohol problems and intimate partner violence (IPV), the current study investigated whether jealousy has positive and negative dimensions, and whether they differentially moderate the association between problem drinking and IPV perpetration in heavy-drinking college students (N = 448). Factor analyses suggested positive and negative dimensions of jealousy. Whereas negative jealousy was conceptualized by the traditional definition of jealousy, positive jealousy reflected relationship commitment and emotional distress upon considering one’s partner becoming romantically involved with another person. Results supported hypotheses such that positive and negative jealousy dimensions moderated the drinking problems-IPV link in opposite directions: Drinking problems were associated with increased perpetration among individuals higher in negative and lower in positive jealousy. Results provide support for the notion that jealousy is not universally negative and highlight the importance of different types of jealousy in understanding the association between alcohol problems and IPV perpetration.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • The Co-Occurrence of Domestic and Child Violence in Urban Peru: Evidence
           from Three Regions
    • Abstract: Abstract Using a unique dataset collected from three regions in Peru (Huancavelica, Lima and Loreto), this study explores the co-occurrence of domestic and child violence within households; that is, the situation where a victim of domestic violence (mother) becomes a perpetrator towards other family members (children) in the same household. Secondly, the study seeks to analyze whether that relationship varies according to different levels of family wealth. The findings reveal that there is effectively, a co-occurrence between domestic and child violence.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Children’s Exposure to Partner Violence in Homes Where Men Seek Help
           for Partner Violence Victimization
    • Abstract: Abstract In the last several decades, the field of family violence has paid increasing attention to children’s exposure to partner violence (CEPV). Most of this research has focused on the children of women seeking help for partner violence (PV) victimization. In this paper we examine exposure to PV among children of men who sought help for PV victimization (n = 408), as compared with children of men in a population-based sample (n = 666). We examined children’s exposure to psychological, physical, and sexual PV and also examined CEPV that is perpetrated by women, men, or both partners. The results show that CEPV is higher among children of helpseeking men than among children of men from the population-based sample, and that most of that PV is perpetrated by the female partner. We did not find differences in CEPV based in child age or gender. We discuss implications for the field of family violence professionals.
      PubDate: 2015-10-20
  • Acknowledgement of Reviewers for Volume 30
    • PubDate: 2015-10-10
  • Antecedents to the Perpetration of Domestic Violence in Curaçao
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous international studies have found collectivism and low gender empowerment to contribute to higher domestic violence perpetration by males, compared to females. Little is known about gender differences in domestic violence perpetration prevalence in collectivist countries with high gender empowerment, for example Curaçao. Curaçao demonstrates gender similarity in committing domestic violence, resembling Western countries: 25–33 % have committed psychological domestic violence, 11–17 % physical violence, and 1–6 % sexual violence. Antecedents to the perpetration of domestic violence are similar for both sexes as well. Domestic violence victimization, especially in cases of severe physical violence, increases the probability of becoming a perpetrator. Other perpetrator risk factors are a high education (psychological violence) and having children in the household (physical violence).
      PubDate: 2015-10-05
  • Negative Affect Reciprocity as an Explanation of the Correlation between
           Perpetrating and Being a Victim of Sexual Coercion
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this research was to test the negative affect reciprocity explanation of the positive correlation between being a victim of and perpetrating sexual coercion. In the first study, 92 participants who were in a romantic relationship filled out measures of sexual coercion and measures of relationship aggression. Supporting the negative affect reciprocity explanation, all of the measures (coercion and aggression) were positively intercorrelated. In the second study, 51 couples filled out the above measures. Supporting the negative affect reciprocity explanation, four of the six sexual coercion measures intercorrelate with themselves and all of the aggression measures intercorrelated. However, only some of the coercion and aggression measures intercorrelated suggesting that negative affect reciprocity in the two areas is to some extent independent. Both studies found that sexual coercion and aggression were to some extent negatively correlated with relationship satisfaction but not probability of marriage.
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
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