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Journal Cover   Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.552]   [H-I: 45]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2281 journals]
  • The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) on Parenting by Mothers
           Within an Ethnically Diverse Population in the Netherlands
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) profoundly affects multiple life domains for the people involved. We report on the experiences of Dutch mothers of various ethnic backgrounds regarding their parenting during and after IPV, their perceptions of the influence of IPV on their parenting, as well as their need for and experiences with support services. We conducted qualitative interviews with 100 mothers in the Netherlands who had experienced IPV. Most reported negative experiences with parenting (both during and after the IPV), a strong effect of the IPV on their parenting, as well as circumstances that aggravated this effect. The mothers had used multiple sources of formal and informal support. Although most evaluated the support that they had received positively, some also mentioned mixed or negative experiences. Many were still in need of support. Relationships with ethnic background and the severity of IPV are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-08-28
  • Family Functioning and Children’s Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in
           a Referred Sample Exposed to Interparental Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined the association between interparental violence (IPV), child abuse and neglect, other traumatic experiences, and children’s post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and explored the moderating role of family functioning in the aftermath of IPV. One hundred and twenty IPV-exposed children (53.3 % male, M age = 9.85) and parents who were referred to community mental health centers participated in the study. Combined, IPV, child abuse and neglect, and other traumatic experiences were associated with PTS symptoms. For family functioning, higher levels of parenting stress were associated with higher levels of PTS symptoms. No moderating effects were found. To understand the variability in PTS symptoms among children exposed to IPV, other traumatic and stressful experiences need to be taken into account.
      PubDate: 2015-08-02
  • Mediating Effects of Existential and Religious Well-Being Among Abused,
           Suicidal African American Women
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV), an international public health matter, is linked to psychological distress including suicidal behavior. Despite the noted sequelae associated with IPV, many individuals display resilience in the face of IPV exposure. This study examines two potential protective factors in the IPV-suicidal ideation link, namely existential and religious well-being, in a sample of African American women. Low-income, African American, female suicide attempters who were abused by a partner within the previous year (N = 111) were administered the Conflicts Tactics Scale-2, Spiritual Well-Being Scale, and Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation. Mediational models testing indirect effects through the bootstrapping method revealed that the total effect of IPV on suicidal ideation was positive and significant, confirming suicidal ideation as a consequential outcome of IPV among African American women. This effect was mediated by existential well-being; however, religious well-being was not a significant mediator, suggesting that existential well-being serves a unique protective role in the IPV-suicidal ideation relation. The results provide additional support for the well-known positive effects of existential well-being on mental health among African American samples. Culturally-informed, meaning-making interventions to enhance existential well-being appear to be effective in reducing suicidal ideation in this population.
      PubDate: 2015-08-02
  • Emotional Awareness and Breaking the Cycle of Revictimization
    • Abstract: Abstract The current study investigated the moderating effect of emotional awareness on the relation between childhood abuse and both intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult relationship quality. Israeli female graduate students (N = 425), aged 25 or older, either married or in long-term cohabitation, completed an Internet-based questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SEM multiple-group analysis. Emotional awareness was found to be a protective factor against revictimization. Child abuse was associated with IPV among women with a low level of emotional awareness, but not among women with a high level of emotional awareness. Emotional awareness did not moderate the relation between child abuse and relationship quality. The findings are discussed in relation to revictimization and resilience theories, and to clinical implications.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Unwanted Pursuit Behavior After Breakup: Occurrence, Risk Factors, and
           Gender Differences
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated unwanted pursuit behavior (UPB) perpetration in 631 adult ex-partners. UPB involves the unwanted pursuit of intimacy, a widespread and usually less severe form of stalking. The occurrence and various risk factors of UPB perpetration were examined, accounting for differences between male and female ex-partners and same- and opposite-gender ex-partners. Ex-partners showed on average five to six UPBs after their separation. Male and female and same- and opposite-gender ex-partners displayed an equal number of UPBs. The number of perpetrated UPBs was explained by breakup characteristics (ex-partner initiation of the breakup and rumination or cognitive preoccupation with the ex-partner), relationship characteristics (anxious attachment in the former relationship), and individual perpetrator characteristics (borderline traits and past delinquent behaviors). Rumination was a stronger predictor in female than male ex-partners. Borderline traits and anxious attachment positively predicted UPB perpetration in opposite-gender but not in same-gender ex-partners. Implications of these findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • The Social Mechanism Linking Inter-Parental and Parent-to-Child Physical
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims to examine the link between various forms of inter-parental and parent-to-child physical violence as reported by 352 young adults who experienced it in childhood. It was found that: parent-to-child violence is more prevalent than inter-parental violence; most parents who batter their partners also beat their children; a minority of parents who batter their children beat their partners; most parents who exert severe violence forms in a given violence type also use milder ones; a minority of those using mild violence also exerts severe violence forms. The findings indicate that the chronicity of the various forms (mild and severe) of parent-to-child violence is higher in the group with inter-parental violence than in the parent-to-child violence only group.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Examining the Association between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and
           Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the relationship between lifetime DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in a representative sample of self-identified heterosexual adult men in the U.S. Analysis was conducted using data from two waves of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) among 11,625 heterosexual men to test the hypothesis that heterosexual men in the general population with lifetime PTSD were more likely to perpetrate IPV than their non-PTSD counterparts. In adjusted models, heterosexual men who reported lifetime PTSD showed significantly higher risk of IPV perpetration (OR = 2.36, 95 % CI = 1.56–3.57, p < 0.001), compared to men without PTSD. Results call for increased attention to assessment and treatment of mental health problems and trauma among male perpetrators of IPV, as a means to prevent the reoccurrence of violence.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Child-to-Parent Violence: Frequency and Family Correlates
    • Abstract: Abstract Using a retrospective design, we examined verbal and physical child-to-parent violence (CPV) in terms of frequency and family correlates. Results from 365 university students revealed low frequencies of CPV, with higher means for child-to-mother violence. Regressions showed that ethnicity (African-Canadian and Middle Eastern) and, surprisingly, lower positive discipline were associated with less verbal CPV for both parents. Greater psychological aggression predicted greater mother-directed verbal violence, whereas more spanking, and the presence of child physical abuse and physical intimate partner violence were associated with mother-directed physical violence. Finally, verbal intimate partner violence between parents predicted children’s verbal violence towards mothers and fathers. Findings indicate that certain variables may place families at risk for CPV and, in this way, help inform interventions.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Stress Management and Intimate Partner Violence: A Randomized Controlled
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence is a major health problem for women; some of the most common symptoms of violence are depression, psychological distress, and sleep disturbances. In this parallel randomized controlled trial, which took place in Athens-Greece, abused women were randomly assigned to undergo either an 8-week stress management program (n = 16; relaxation breathing and progressive muscle relaxation, twice a day counseling) or standard shelter services (n = 18). Self-reported validated measures were used to evaluate perceived stress, health locus of control, depression, and ways of coping. In participants in the intervention group, perceived stress was significantly decreased after 8 weeks of relaxation, showing a medium effect of 0.45, but no significant results were noted for sleeping hours, health locus of control, depression, and ways of coping. These results reveal the need to develop interventions for this vulnerable population and future studies should incorporate more objective laboratory outcomes.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • A Mind-Body Bridging Treatment Program for Domestic Violence Offenders:
           Program Overview and Evaluation Results
    • Abstract: Abstract According to recent meta-analyses, conventional group interventions with domestic violence offenders are marginally effective. Given these results, researchers and practitioners are beginning to explore ways to improve domestic violence treatment outcomes. This article describes a 16-week domestic violence offender group treatment program for abusive men that is grounded in the Mind-Body therapeutic tradition. Results from an evaluation of this program, known as Mind-Body Bridging (MBB), are reported. These results indicate that MBB participants experienced better outcomes than the comparison group. Nine percent of MBB participants failed to complete treatment compared to 29 % of comparison group participants. Recidivism rates for the MBB group were also lower (4 % vs. 9 %) at follow-up (post-treatment average = 428 days). Mind-Body Bridging participants experienced significant pre/post treatment improvement on measures of mindfulness and physical and mental health.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Victims’
           Relational and Sexual Well-Being
    • Abstract: Abstract Research shows that experiences with intimate partner violence (IPV) harm victims’ individual well-being. Surprisingly, little is known about how IPV might impact on victims’ well-being at the relationship level. Based on a population-based study in Flanders (the Northern part of Belgium), this study concentrates on how lifetime experience with IPV impacts on victims’ relational and sexual well-being with their current partner. Ten percent of the population was confronted with physical violence and 56.7 % with psychological violence. Higher levels of IPV victimization corresponded with an adverse mental, relational (relationship satisfaction, attachment), and sexual (sexual satisfaction, sexual dysfunction, sexual communication) well-being in both women and men but except for the latter correlates, the effects were more pronounced for women than for men.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Men’s and Women’s Experience of Intimate Partner Violence: A
           Review of Ten Years of Comparative Studies in Clinical Samples; Part I
    • Abstract: Abstract The present paper reviews literature published between 2002 and 2013 regarding gender differences in the perpetration, motivation, and impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) in clinical samples in order to update and extend a previous review by Hamberger (2005). Results showed that although both women and men are active participants in acts of physical IPV and emotional abuse, women’s physical violence appears to be more in response to violence initiated against them. Although both men and women participate in emotional abuse tactics, the type and quality appears to differ between the sexes. Men tend to use tactics that threaten life and inhibit partner autonomy; women use tactics that consist of yelling and shouting. Men are the predominant perpetrators of sexual abuse. Analysis of patterns of violence and abuse suggests that women are more highly victimized, injured, and fearful than men in clinical samples. Research and clinical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • A Case–Control Study on Socio-Psycho-Somatic Consequences of
           Intimate Partner Violence in North-West of Iran
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is classified into physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological types. The aim of this study is to determine the complications of IPV in Iran. A case control study was done on women referred to the forensic medicine center with a complaint of IPV as cases, and women referred to the urban health centers for routine care as control group. The most common physical complication was hematoma in 99 and 33 % of cases and controls respectively. Among chronic complaints, headache was the most frequent among 64 and 19 % of case and control groups respectively. Depression and anxiety were the most common mental complications. The effects of IPV are serious problems and should be considered in counseling.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Multidimensional Trait Emotional Intelligence and Aggressive Tendencies in
           Male Offenders of Domestic Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract This study was undertaken to identify the role of six facets of trait-emotional intelligence (EI) in men’s aggressive tendencies toward intimate partners (N = 131). Consistent with past research, hierarchical regression showed emotional self-regulation and empathy were negatively and uniquely predictive of four self-reported aggressive tendencies: physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility. Canonical correlations yielded two distinct patterns of relationships between EI and aggressive tendencies. The first canonical correlation supported an overall negative relationship, especially involving dependent variables anger and hostility. A second canonical correlation revealed higher physical and verbal aggression were associated with higher emotional self-recognition, regulation of others’ emotions, nonverbal emotional expression, and lower empathy. Findings support a multidimensional understanding of EI and aggressive tendencies.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Pregnant Women’s Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and
           Seeking Help from Health Care Professionals: A Jordanian Qualitative Study
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of pregnant women disclosing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and seeking help from Health Care Professionals (HCPs) at public Hospitals in Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 pregnant women. The findings revealed that the women were not satisfied with the care providers’ procedures, responses, or follow-up. Women also preferred to discuss IPV issues with females, experts, and same age or older HCPs. Lack of privacy, continuity of care, time constraints, and barriers for disclosing were dominant themes that emerged from women’s contacts with HCPs. Women felt more able to disclose IPV if they were confident that circumstances would be safe enough to do so. HCPs require specialized and structured training programs in IPV screening and case management.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Emotion Dysregulation, Gender, and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration:
           An Exploratory Study in College Students
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent problem, as it is bidirectional and perpetrated by both men and women. Emotion dysregulation may influence IPV perpetration among men and women. This cross-sectional survey study of 598 college students investigated the associations between two important factors related to IPV perpetration: gender and emotion dysregulation. Findings illustrated an association between emotion dysregulation and IPV perpetration. The bivariate association between physical violence and one facet of emotion dysregulation differed by gender, such that lack of emotional awareness was associated with violence perpetrated by women, but not men; however, this was not supported in multivariate analyses. These preliminary findings suggest that future work should examine how different emotion regulation deficits may increase IPV by gender.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
  • Implementing a Strengths-Based Approach to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract Family violence is a core social issue in every country around the world. The extent and consequence of family violence as a major problem has received increased attention around the world. The focus of the present study is not only to inform about intimate partner violence (IPV) that occurs in individual countries, but to illustrate how individuals, families, communities, and cultures use their strengths to overcome the challenges that violence presents. An analysis of 16 countries, including 17 cultures is represented and includes all seven of the world’s major geocultural areas. Qualitative methodology was used to examine the stories of intimate partner violence in which similarities and differences across cultures were discovered resulting in a theoretical discussion of findings. The International Family Strengths Model was applied to examine the family strengths, community strengths, and cultural strengths used to mitigate family violence worldwide. Individual strengths emerged as a new and important component of the model. Suggestions for change include recognition of differing solutions across cultures, the need for mediation and policy changes, and the importance of empowerment.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
  • How Can We End the Stigma Surrounding Domestic and Sexual Violence? A
           Modified Delphi Study with National Advocacy Leaders
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to use a modified Delphi methodology study to identify priority actions that can be taken at the individual, local, and national levels to eliminate the stigma surrounding domestic and sexual violence. An expert panel of national organizational leaders provided input about the nature of the stigma surrounding domestic and sexual violence, as well as strategies to end this stigma. The findings were organized into three themes: (a) the social context of the stigma surrounding domestic and sexual violence; (b) the impact of the stigma on resources for victims and survivors; and (c) strategies for eradicating the stigma surrounding domestic and sexual violence. Implications of the study’s findings for research, practice, and advocacy are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-07-24
  • Security in the Interparental Subsystem (SIS) Scale: Psychometric
           Characteristics in a Sample of Portuguese Adolescents
    • Abstract: Abstract The Security in the Interparental Subsystem Scale (SIS) is based on emotional security theory. This study examined the psychometric properties of an adaptation of the SIS to a sample of Portuguese adolescents (60.3 % girls; 10 to 18 years old; Mage = 13 years; N = 229), recruited in public schools. Discriminant and concurrent validity were assessed by analyzing SIS dimensions associations with adolescents’ exposure to interparental conflict (IC), and psychological adjustment, respectively. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the SIS supported a six-factor solution, with satisfactory internal consistency. Evidence for discriminant and concurrent validity was provided: most SIS dimensions significantly discriminated between adolescents exposed to higher vs. lower levels of IC; and a significant positive association between emotional reactivity and adolescents’ externalizing symptoms was found. These findings suggest that the SIS is a reliable tool for assessing adolescents’ emotional insecurity in the interparental relationship within the context of this sample.
      PubDate: 2015-07-22
  • Parental and Others’ Responses to Physical Sibling Violence: a
           Descriptive Analysis of Victims’ Retrospective Accounts
    • Abstract: Abstract Although sibling abuse may be the most common form of family violence, relatively few studies have been conducted on this topic. The current exploratory study addressed this gap in the literature through analyses of thematic categories in sibling abuse narratives gathered from an online survey of sibling violence victims. All data was collected via an online survey. Participants who reported being victimized by physical sibling violence were asked to reflect on how others—family members, professionals, and friends—responded to knowledge of the abuse. Results demonstrate a need for general education about sibling violence, particularly for parents who might minimize or normalize their children’s violent conflicts. Additionally, parents need assistance in developing appropriate responses to sibling violence, as participants often perceived their parents to be ineffective at preventing or stopping the abuse. Finally, this study suggests that negative or unhelpful parental responses can be as harmful as the sibling violence itself.
      PubDate: 2015-07-19
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