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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [39 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • An Eight State Study on the Relationships Among Domestic Violence Shelter
           Services and Residents’ Self-Efficacy and Hopefulness
    • Authors: Cris M. Sullivan; Tyler Virden
      Pages: 741 - 750
      Abstract: Survivors of intimate partner violence have myriad reasons why they turn to domestic violence shelter programs. While all are seeking immediate safety and feel a pressing need to leave their homes to obtain it, safety is rarely the only issue survivors are grappling with upon shelter entry. Other concerns are particular to each person’s history and circumstances, and include but are not limited to employment, counseling, social support, health care, addiction recovery services, immigration help, housing, and services for their children. The current study involved secondary analysis of survey data completed at two points in time by 565 shelter residents. The original research involved 215 domestic violence programs across eight states in the U.S., and surveys were completed by shelter residents shortly after they arrived in shelter and again as they were close to exiting. Results confirmed that survivors had numerous needs in addition to safety when entering shelter. Residents’ overall rating of how helpful their stay at shelter had been for them was predicted by how much help they had received across their presenting needs, as well as how they were treated by staff. The amount of help received, as well as treatment by staff, also related to survivors’ hopefulness at shelter exit, as well as the extent to which they felt better able to do things on their own. The study findings provide further evidence that domestic violence shelter staff assist residents with a variety of complex needs in addition to safety, and that this assistance is related to positive outcomes for survivors.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9930-7
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 8 (2017)
  • Bruise Documentation, Race and Barriers to Seeking Legal Relief for
           Intimate Partner Violence Survivors: a Retrospective Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Lauren S. Deutsch; Kathryn Resch; Tiffany Barber; Yoni Zuckerman; Jennifer Thompson Stone; Catherine Cerulli
      Pages: 767 - 773
      Abstract: Documentation of physical injuries from intimate partner violence (IPV) is critically important when a victim seeks legal help. Bruising, a common IPV injury, is often less visible on victims of color. This retrospective qualitative study is focused on IPV survivors’ and service providers’ experiences with the complex interrelationship between IPV injury, bruise documentation, race and legal assistance. Focus group results with a racially diverse group of female IPV survivors and legal service providers indicate that all victims struggle with documenting their bruises, but for women of color, even documentation of visible bruising underrepresents the severity of their IPV injuries. Further, there are a number of social, logistic, and systemic barriers to injury documentation that may make legal relief for IPV difficult for all women, but particularly more difficult for women of color. Proposed solutions to address the gap include, improved documentation techniques, and greater education for legal service providers. Implications for the field of family violence generally and potential future research directions are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9917-4
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 8 (2017)
  • Development and Initial Evaluation of a Suicide Prevention Curriculum for
           Domestic Violence Hotline Workers
    • Authors: Wendi F. Cross; Hugh F. Crean; Madelyn S. Gould; Jacquelyn Campbell; Norma Amezcua; Katie Ray Jones; Jennifer Thompson-Stone; Catherine Cerulli
      Pages: 775 - 785
      Abstract: Despite evidence of an intersection between suicide risk and intimate partner violence (IPV), crisis hotlines tend to focus on callers at-risk for suicide or callers involved in IPV, but not both. In an effort to begin to address this gap, we developed and conducted an initial pilot test of a suicide prevention curriculum for hotline workers at the National Domestic Violence Hotline (NDVH), highlighting the intersection of these two public health issues. A mixed methods approach was used as a first step to assess the impact of the 3-h suicide prevention training for 42 domestic violence hotline workers. Results showed significant increase in knowledge regarding suicide risk from pre to post-training and a high degree of satisfaction among attendees. Focus groups conducted with hotline workers 3 months after training indicated a greater willingness to engage callers in suicide screening and prevention efforts. A 6-month follow-up focus group with NDVH managers revealed that suicide prevention had become more integrated in the agency culture, a finding that was consistent with an environmental scan of the workplace that showed an increase in displays of suicide prevention information. In sum, suicide prevention training can be feasibly incorporated into domestic violence hotline workers’ roles. Limitations and suggestions for future studies are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9922-7
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 8 (2017)
  • Women in IPV Treatment for Abusers and Women in IPV Survivor Groups:
           Different or Two Sides of the Same Coin'
    • Authors: Leslie M. Tutty; Robbie Babins-Wagner; Michael A. Rothery
      Pages: 787 - 797
      Abstract: The Calgary Counselling Centre offers therapy groups for both women whose partners abuse them, “You’re Not Alone” (YNA) and women who abuse partners, “Responsible Choices for Women” (RCW). The study examines 262 group members (157 RCW & 105 YNA), comparing their demographics and scores on measures of physical and non-physical partner abuse, and mental health symptoms. At pretest, women in YNA reported significantly more problematic depression, anxiety, general distress and trauma symptoms than women in the RCW program. Nevertheless, the factorial repeated measures analysis of variance on pretest/posttest data from 177 women found statistically significant improvements on all four outcomes measures for women in both groups, although women in the YNA survivor groups made the most improvements on depression, stress and general distress. Clinical implications are described.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9927-2
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 8 (2017)
  • Gender Inequity Associated with Increased Child Physical Abuse and
           Neglect: a Cross-Country Analysis of Population-Based Surveys and
           Country-Level Statistics
    • Authors: Joanne Klevens; Katie A. Ports
      Pages: 799 - 806
      Abstract: Gender inequity is proposed as a societal-level risk factor for child maltreatment. However, most cross-national research examining this association is limited to developing countries and has used limited measures of gender inequity and child homicides as a proxy for child maltreatment. To examine the relationship between gender inequity and child maltreatment, we used caregivers’ reported use of severe physical punishment (proxy for physical abuse) and children under 5 left alone or under the care of another child younger than 10 years of age (supervisory neglect) and three indices of gender inequity (the Social and Institutional Gender Index, the Gender Inequality Index, and the Gender Gap Index) from 57 countries, over half of which were developing countries. We found all three gender inequity indices to be significantly associated with physical abuse and two of the three to be significantly associated with neglect, after controlling for country-level development. Based on these findings, efforts to prevent child abuse and neglect might benefit from reducing gender inequity.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9925-4
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 8 (2017)
  • Risk Factors of Violence against Women in Peru
    • Authors: Rodolfo J. Castro; Lila P. Cerellino; Renzo Rivera
      Pages: 807 - 815
      Abstract: Based on the results of previous investigations, this study seeks for individual, relationship and community characteristics among women living with their partner associated with intimate partner violence [IPV] victimization. The sample of 19,131 women was taken from the 2016 Peru Demographic and Health Survey. A binomial logistic regression model showed among the most significant risk factors: heavy drinking by the woman’s partner (OR = 8.655, p < .001), having witnessed parental domestic violence (OR = 1.496, p < .001) and having experienced physical punishment during childhood (OR = 1.306, p < .001). Other factors related to higher odds of IPV at the individual level include employment and low educational attainment. Relationship risk factors comprise, 25 to 29 years of relationship duration, living in cohabitation, previous unions and low socioeconomic status. At the community level, living in an urban residence increases the likelihood of abuse. These findings highlight the need to include these factors, in the IPV prevention strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9929-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 8 (2017)
  • The Intergenerational Impact of Intimate Partner Violence against Mothers
           on Child Functioning over four Years
    • Authors: Judith McFarlane; Nina M. Fredland; Lene Symes; Weidan Zhou; Ernest N. Jouriles; Mary Ann Dutton; Christopher S. Greeley
      Pages: 645 - 655
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence affects one in three U.S. women. Children often witness the violence. Methods: A 4-year cohort analysis of 300 mother-child dyads used latent growth curve techniques to examine the impact of partner violence on mothers’ and children’s mental health and function over time. The dyads entered the study when the mother sought safe shelter or justice services. Data was collected every four months, 13 times. Results: Four models were derived, each with good fit. Maternal age, Adverse Childhood Events, and ethnicity determined the level of maternal PTSD, depression, and anxiety at baseline. Mothers’ self-efficacy and marginalization determined if maternal mental health symptoms decreased or increased over 4-years. Maternal symptom levels determined if child dysfunctions persisted over time. Conclusion: This analysis provides longitudinal evidence that maternal mental health determines children’s recovery from or persistence of behavioral dysfunctions. Primary prevention and informed referral has the potential to improve child outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9913-8
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 7 (2017)
  • National Estimates of Intimate Partner Violence and Service Receipt among
           Latina Women with Child Welfare Contact
    • Authors: Megan Finno-Velasquez; Ijeoma Nwabuzor Ogbonnaya
      Pages: 669 - 682
      Abstract: A rise in the Latino population resulting from increased immigration to the United States over the past several decades has invoked increasing concern about factors contributing to the victimization of Latinas. The present study used the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being to explore experiences of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and service receipt for IPV issues among Latina caregivers reported to the child welfare system for alleged child abuse or neglect. Results showed no significant differences in severity and overall rates of physical violence between immigrants and nonimmigrants, with the exception of the frequency of violence; U.S.-born women reported more incidents than immigrants. Despite experiencing a high overall rate of IPV during the previous year (33.0%), during the same period only 16.8% of Latinas reported being referred to services and 9.4% of mothers reported receiving services to address IPV issues. Despite evidence of disparities in use of other types of services by immigrant parents involved with the child welfare system, no differences in IPV service use were noted between immigrant and nonimmigrant mothers. Adjusting for covariates, neither nativity nor legal status was predictive of recent experiences of physical violence or service use. Potential reasons for these findings and implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9912-9
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 7 (2017)
  • Prevalence of Spousal Violence and Associated Risk Factors: Facts from
           Pakistan Demographics and Health Survey 2012–13
    • Authors: Shabbir Hussain; Muhammad Usman; Maryam Sabir; Rubeena Zakar; Ahmed Usman
      Pages: 711 - 719
      Abstract: The current study aims to investigate the risk factors associated with the prevalence of spousal violence among the women from 15 to 49 years of age in Pakistan in their marital relationship. Secondary data collected in Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2012–2013 is used. In the survey, respondents were selected using probability sampling technique from all the four provinces of Pakistan. Modified and shortened version of Conflict Tactics Scale is used to measure physical and psychological spousal violence among the women perpetuated by their ever husbands. Prevalence of physical, psychological, any type of spousal violence and associated risk factors were analyzed by unadjusted odd ratios (OR) and adjusted odd ratios (aOR). Education, profession, ethnicity and wealth index are found significant risk factors associated with spousal violence. Odds of experiencing spousal violence were higher among the poorer (aOR 1.700 CI 1.272–2.271) as compared to their richer counterparts. Moreover, the prevalence of spousal violence was found the highest (aOR 2.730 CI 2.162–3.447) in Pushton ethnic group. The study recommends improving the literacy rate and economic well-being of the poorer to address the problem of spousal violence in Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9915-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 7 (2017)
  • Men and Women’s Perceptions of Justifications of Wife Beating: Evidence
           from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012–13
    • Authors: Faiza Tayyab; Nudrat Kamal; Tahira Akbar; Rubeena Zakar
      Pages: 721 - 730
      Abstract: Pakistani women are vulnerable to all kinds of violence due to the patriarchal setup of society. We examined the justification of wife beating by women and men of reproductive group that comprised of 15–49 years of age by doing secondary data analysis on nationally representative cross- sectional survey data from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2012–13. The analysis was conducted on randomly selected 13,558 ever- married women and 3134 ever- married men representing all the four provinces of Pakistan including Gilgit Baltistan and federal capital Islamabad. The data showed that women justified wife beating more as compared to men. The findings of multivariable logistic regression depicted that women living with partners, having no access to information, lacking autonomy, and no control over income were more likely to justify wife beating while men who did not have access to information were more in favor of this acts. These findings may help in devising strategies to change the mindset regarding justification of wife beating in Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9910-y
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 7 (2017)
  • Dysfunctional Parenting and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration and
           Victimization among College Women: the Mediating Role of Schemas
    • Authors: Christina M. Hassija; Diana Robinson; Yessenia Silva; Michael R. Lewin
      Abstract: Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS) are negative cognitions about self and relationships that develop early in life, distort our perceptions of life experiences and are sustained via confirmatory information processing (Young et al. 2003). Although empirical evidence supports the relationship between EMS and psychopathology, there is a relative paucity of research regarding the relationship between EMS and intimate partner violence (IPV). The goal of the present study was to elucidate the complex relations between recollections of dysfunctional parenting, EMS, and IPV victimization and perpetration in adulthood. A sample of 305 women college students completed measures of perceptions of parental bonding, EMS, and relationship conflict behaviors. Results revealed that the EMS of subjugation and self-sacrifice accounted for 13.9% of the variance in IPV victimization; however, the EMS of subjugation was the only significant predictor of IPV victimization and mediated the relationship between recollections of dysfunctional parenting and IPV victimization. Additionally, although the EMS of entitlement, insufficient self-control, mistrust/abuse, abandonment, and social isolation accounted for 11.3% of the variance in IPV perpetration, only the EMS of insufficient self-control and mistrust/abuse were significant predictors of IPV perpetration and mediated the relationship between recollections of dysfunctional parenting and IPV perpetration. Results suggest that these cognitive schemas may be the mechanism through which dysfunctional parenting renders one vulnerable to violence in relationships.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9942-3
  • Childhood Abuse, Intrapersonal Strength, and Suicide Resilience in African
           American Females who Attempted Suicide
    • Authors: Shweta Kapoor; Heather Key Domingue; Natalie N. Watson-Singleton; Funlola Are; Corinn A. Elmore; Courtney L. Crooks; Amber Madden; Sallie A. Mack; Janelle S. Peifer; Nadine J. Kaslow
      Abstract: There is a significant association between childhood abuse and suicidal behavior in low-income African American women with a recent suicide attempt. Increasingly, empirical focus is shifting toward including suicide resilience, which mitigates against suicidal behavior. This cross-sectional study examines childhood abuse, intrapersonal strengths, and suicide resilience in 121 African American women, average age of 36.07 years (SD = 11.03) with recent exposure to intimate partner violence and a suicide attempt. To address the hypothesis that childhood abuse will be negatively related to suicide resilience and that this effect will be mediated by intrapersonal strengths that serve as protective factors, structural equation modeling examined the relations among three latent variables: childhood abuse (measured via physical, sexual, and emotional abuse), intrapersonal strengths (assessed by self-efficacy and spiritual well-being), and suicide resilience (operationalized via the three components of suicide resilience—internal protective, external protective, and emotional stability). The initial measurement model and the structural model both indicated excellent fit. Results indicated that childhood abuse was negatively associated with intrapersonal strengths and suicide resilience, intrapersonal strengths were positively associated with suicide resilience, and intrapersonal strengths fully mediated the association between childhood abuse and suicide resilience. Thus, the results suggest a positive and protective influence of intrapersonal strengths on suicide resilience in the face of childhood abuse in suicidal African American women. The clinical implications and directions for future research that emerge from these findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9943-2
  • Functional Decline and Emotional Elder Abuse: a Population-Based Study of
           Older Korean Adults
    • Authors: Jooyoung Kong; Haesang Jeon
      Abstract: Elder abuse is an increasingly prevalent issue in South Korea. The current study examines the association between functional impairment and emotional abuse victimization in Korean adults 65 and older. We also examines the mediating roles of diverse aspects of family resources (i.e., older adult’s self-esteem, family cohesion, family assistance, contact with friends/neighbors, and participation in social activities) in the aforementioned association. We analyzed 9691 community-dwelling older Koreans from a population-based survey of the 2009 Survey of Elderly Care and Welfare Need. We conducted a path analysis to analyze the mediational hypothesis. About 11% of the study sample reported experiencing emotional abuse by a family member in the past year (n = 1082). The results of the mediational analysis showed that greater ADL/IADL limitations were associated with (a) reduced self-esteem and (b) receiving more assistance from family, which were ultimately associated with increased risk of emotional abuse victimization. Elder abuse is a family crisis that may occur as a result of maladaptation to the heightened long-term care needs of older family members. Practitioners should take into account older adults’ vulnerability in terms of the loss of adaptive resources in the face of functional decline. This study further supports the importance of relieving the burden of family caregivers to avoid the incidence of emotional elder abuse.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9941-4
  • “Give me some space”: exploring youth to parent aggression and
    • Authors: Lynne Gabriel; Zahra Tizro; Hazel James; Jane Cronin-Davis; Tanya Beetham; Alice Corbally; Emily Lopez-Moreno; Sarah Hill
      Abstract: A small scale qualitative project, undertaken by an interdisciplinary domestic violence research group involving academic researchers and research assistants, with colleagues from Independent Domestic Abuse Services (IDAS), investigated youth aggression and violence against parents. Following the literature review, data was generated through several research conversations with young people (n = 2), through semi-structured interviews with mothers (n = 3) and practitioners (n = 5), and through a practitioner focus group (n = 8). Thematic analysis and triangulation of the data from parents, practitioners and young people, elicited interconnected and complex overarching themes. Young people could be both victim and perpetrator. The witnessing or experiencing of domestic aggression and violence raised the concept of ‘bystander children’. The impact of young people experiencing familial violence was underestimated by parents. For practitioners, the effects of working with domestic violence was shown to be significant - both positively and negatively.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9928-1
  • Initial Findings from a Feasibility Trial Examining the SafeCare Dad to
           Kids Program with Marginalized Fathers
    • Abstract: Few studies have explored the direct impact of behavioral parent training programs on child maltreatment behaviors among marginalized, at-risk fathers. This feasibility study examined SafeCare® Dad to Kids (Dad2K), an augmented version of the evidence-based child maltreatment prevention program SafeCare, to determine the acceptability and initial efficacy of the program for improving father parenting skills and reducing maltreatment risk. Ninety-nine fathers were enrolled in the study and randomized to the SafeCare Dad2K Intervention (n = 51) or comparison (n = 48). Intervention fathers participated in 6 home visiting sessions and comparison fathers received parenting materials via mail. All fathers participating in the study completed a baseline and 8-week assessment (post-intervention) of maltreatment behaviors. In addition, intervention fathers completed feasibility and parenting skill measures. A significant main effect emerged indicating decreases for both groups in psychologically aggressive behaviors. No significant group by time findings emerged for child maltreatment behaviors. Father intervention completers endorsed high satisfaction ratings for the program and demonstrated significant improvements in targeted father-child interaction skills. Based on the high rates of acceptability and initial improvement in positive parenting skills, findings demonstrate the feasibility for involving at-risk fathers in behavioral parent training programs targeting child maltreatment prevention.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9940-5
  • Patricides and Step-Patricides in Ghana: Victims, Offenders, and Offense
    • Authors: Mensah Adinkrah
      Abstract: There is a paucity of empirical research on patricide in Africa and many non-Western societies. To help fill this scholarly vacuum and contribute to the literature on patricide, the current article presents the results of an analysis of 18 cases of patricide and step-patricide that occurred in Ghana during 1990–2016. Given the exploratory nature of the study, no hypotheses were constructed or tested. Findings indicate that patricide is a rare crime, that sons were disproportionately more likely than daughters to kill their fathers, and that adult children were more likely than adolescent and pre-pubertal children to commit patricide. The results further show that a significant number of the patricides were triggered by offender mental illness. The predominant circumstance, however, was conflict between son and father over a myriad of issues. Three of the 18 patricides were influenced by the perpetrators’ beliefs that their fathers were maleficent witches who had bewitched them. Also, patricide offenses were typically spontaneous rather than premeditated. A recommendation is provided for continued research on patricide in Ghana and other non-Western societies to shed light on an empirically-neglected but vital topic.
      PubDate: 2017-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9939-y
  • PTSD Symptom Trajectories among Mothers Reporting Interpersonal Trauma:
           Protective Factors and Parenting Outcomes
    • Authors: Katherine L. Guyon-Harris; Sarah Ahlfs-Dunn; Alissa Huth-Bocks
      Abstract: The childbearing years are further complicated when experiences of interpersonal trauma from childhood and/or adulthood lead to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Maternal symptoms of PTSD over time were examined in relation to supportive adult relationships and parenting experiences. Ninety-five primarily economically disadvantaged mothers reporting exposure to childhood maltreatment and/or intimate partner violence were assessed from pregnancy through 2-years postpartum. Latent class growth analysis of PTSD symptoms indicated a 2-group model: stable low (82%) and moderate dysfunction (18%). The stable low group reported higher levels of support from romantic partners and family members, but not friends, and lower levels of parenting distress compared to the moderate dysfunction group. Results highlight individual variability in adaptation after violence exposure; current support from romantic partners and family members may have helped maintain lower PTSD symptoms for some trauma-exposed mothers. Psychological interventions aimed at reducing the impact of trauma exposure on parenting should consider promoting ongoing social support.
      PubDate: 2017-08-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9934-3
  • Mothers of Violent Children with Mental Illness: How They Perceive
           Barriers to Effective Help
    • Authors: Karyn Sporer; Dana L. Radatz
      Abstract: The goal of the present study was to understand how mothers perceive and experience barriers to effective help for their violent child with mental illness. Data from ethnographic interviews with 26 self-identified mothers of violent children with mental illness were analyzed using grounded theory and focused coding. Our study identified three themes that represent barriers to help: (1) denial of mental illness and severity of violence by treatment providers, extended family, and non-family members; (2) limited access to quality treatment and supports; and (3) a recurring cycle from optimism to hopelessness. To inform policy makers and practitioners on how best to remove these barriers, we draw comparisons between the current sample and survivors of intimate partner violence. Our paper concludes with recommendations for mental health practitioners and family intervention specialists.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9935-2
  • Being Superwoman: Low Income Mothers Surviving Problem Drinking and
           Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Casey Bohrman; Julie Tennille; Kimberly Levin; Melissa Rodgers; Karin Rhodes
      Abstract: We elucidate ways mothers think about behavior change related to heavy drinking and violent relationships. A purposive sample of 32 women, predominantly black and low income, were identified as engaging in both problem drinking on the AUDIT and experiencing severe partner violence on the Conflict Tactic Scale. Narratives from audiotaped Motivational Interviewing sessions conducted in an urban emergency department were transcribed, inductively coded and examined through the lens of feminist standpoint theory. Our analysis suggests motherhood is a powerful motivator for positive change, but multiple barriers combine to prevent self-protection and modification of adverse behaviors among this vulnerable population. Interventions to help low-income mothers dealing with relationship violence and substance abuse should also address the structural violence and substantive barriers these mothers face. Further work should examine the power of personal narratives related to being a good mother on women’s ability to improve life circumstances for themselves and their children.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9932-5
  • Turkish Mental Health Professionals' Experiences and Perspectives toward
           Family and Sexual Violence
    • Authors: Fevziye Dolunay-Cug; Ezgi Toplu-Demirtaş; Christine E. Murray
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to learn about Turkish mental health professionals' professional experiences, perspectives, and training needs related to family and sexual violence. An additional goal of this study was to identify important areas in which further training and other resources for mental health professionals and client populations are needed. The researchers developed a new instrument, the Survey of Turkish Mental Health Professionals' Experiences and Perspectives toward Family and Sexual Violence,for this study. This article presents the results of a study involving 121 mental health professionals in Turkey. The mental health professionals invited to participate in this study included counselors, psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers. For data analyses, descriptive statistics were conducted in order to calculate the frequencies and percentages of participants' responses. Results revealed that resources and availability of services to serve survivors of family and/or sexual violence in Turkey are available but insufficient to meet the needs of clients. The results further indicated a need for Turkish mental healthprofessionals to receive more training on how to work with clients impacted by family and/or sexual violence. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9926-3
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