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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Intimate Partner Violence in Turkey: The Turkish Intimate Partner Violence
           Attitude Scale-Revised
    • Authors: Ezgi Toplu Demirtaş; Zeynep Hatipoğlu-Sümer; Frank D. Fincham
      Abstract: Abstract This study documents psychometrics of the Turkish version of Intimate Partner Violence Attitude Scale-Revised (IPVAS-R; Fincham et al. in Psychological Assessment, 20, 260–269, 2008). Dating college students (n=280) from four universities completed Turkish versions of the IPVAS-R, Multidimensional Measure of Emotional Abuse, Physical Assault of Conflict Tactics Scale - Revised, and Ambivalent Sexism Inventory. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three factor structure of the IPVAS-R, albeit with an item change from the Abuse to the Control factor, due to the cultural nuances. This factor structure was cross validated with a second independent sample of 205 dating college students. Convergent validity and satisfactory internal consistency were also reported. The IPVAS-R was found to be a psychometrically sound measure to gauge attitudes toward psychological and physical dating aggression among college students outside of North America.
      PubDate: 2016-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9852-9
  • The Impact of Child Abuse Potential on Adaptive Functioning: Early
           Identification of Risk
    • Authors: Benjamin D. Freer; Ginny Sprang; Debbie Katz; Clarissa Belle; Kelsey Sprang
      Abstract: Abstract Previous research has investigated the deleterious effects of child maltreatment on child development; however, little research has examined the development of children who live with caregivers who are at risk of maltreatment on child development outcomes. This study utilized self-report data from caregivers that included the Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI), Parenting Stress Inventory-Short Form (PSI/SF), and Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-2nd Edition (ABAS-II) for 116 children ages 3-12 from a rural, Appalachian community. Caregivers with lower child abuse potential, children who used fewer school services, older children, and caregivers with lower household income had better total adaptive skills. Caregivers with lower child abuse potential, children who used fewer school services and older children had better functioning on the academic skills subscale. Children who used fewer school services, were older, and had lower family income had greater self-care skills. Finally, children who used fewer school services had greater communication skills. Parent-child dysfunction was not related to child development outcomes. The findings demonstrate that educators are in a unique position to intervene and support children at risk of maltreatment.
      PubDate: 2016-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9863-6
  • Distress Tolerance and Intimate Partner Violence among Men in Substance
           Use Treatment
    • Authors: Ryan C. Shorey; Catherine Strauss; JoAnna Elmquist; Scott Anderson; Tara L. Cornelius; Gregory L. Stuart
      Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is overrepresented among men in substance use treatment. Individuals who relapse following substance use treatment report greater IPV perpetration relative to individuals who remain remitted. In addition, distress tolerance has been shown to be an important treatment target in substance use treatment, with distress tolerance predicting relapse following treatment. However, we are unaware of any research that has examined the relationship between distress tolerance and IPV among men in substance use treatment, which may hold important treatment implications. The current study therefore examined this relationship in a sample of men in substance use treatment (N = 138). Results demonstrated that distress tolerance was negatively associated with physical and psychological IPV perpetration. After controlling for age and substance use and problems, distress tolerance remained associated with psychological, but not physical, IPV perpetration. These findings suggest that distress tolerance may be an important component of treatments for IPV, particularly for psychological aggression. Substance use treatment programs that target distress tolerance may concurrently reduce the risk for relapse to substance use and IPV perpetration.
      PubDate: 2016-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9843-x
  • The Association between Maternal Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and
           Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Spanish Children and Adolescents
    • Authors: Concepción López-Soler; Mavi Alcántara-López; Maravillas Castro; Julio Sánchez-Meca; Visitación Fernández
      Abstract: Abstract This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated with an increase in the probability of the child’s suffering psychopathological problems. The sample consisted of 189 Spanish children aged 6 to 17 and their mothers, recruited from Centers of Specialized Assistance for Women Victims of IPV. The results of a canonical correlation analysis showed that the most significant problems suffered by the children were both externalizing and internalizing ones. In girls, the maltreatment suffered by their mothers was directly related to a larger frequency of somatic complaints than in boys. In addition, physical maltreatment to the mother and emotional maltreatment suffered by the child exhibited a statistically significant relationship with aggressive behaviour, thought problems, rule-breaking behaviour, attention problems, and withdrawn-depressed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9864-5
  • Young Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence Describe their Abused
           Parent: A Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Karin Pernebo; Kjerstin Almqvist
      Abstract: Abstract The negative impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) begins early in the child’s relationship with a caregiver. Children’s relationships with, and internal working models of, abused parents have rarely been documented. The aim of this study was to collect and interpret young children’s accounts of their abused parent. Interviews were conducted with 17 children aged 4 to 12 years who had witnessed IPV. Thematic analysis identified three main themes and seven sub-themes: “Coherent accounts of the parent” (sub-themes of “general benevolence”, “provision of support, protection, and nurture”, and “parental distress”); “Deficient accounts of the parent” (“vague accounts” and “disorganized narrations”); and “The parent as a trauma trigger” (“avoidance” and “breakthrough of intrusive memories and thoughts”). The results indicate these children may hold integrated, deficient, or blocked internal representations of an abused parent, and they illustrate the benefit of including young children as informants in research.
      PubDate: 2016-09-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9856-5
  • A Dyadic Analysis of Partner Violence and Adult Attachment
    • Authors: Johannah Sommer; Julia Babcock; Carla Sharp
      Abstract: Abstract Studies of individual attachment features have linked insecure attachment to intimate partner violence (IPV), but these studies have neither taken into account couple-level factors nor evidence of high rates of dual-partner perpetration. The current study examined three forms of IPV as a function of both partners’ adult attachment characteristics in order to better understand the maintenance of relationship violence by using a dyadic statistical design. Heterosexual couples (n = 163) were recruited from the community. Results suggest that one’s own attachment avoidance and a partner’s attachment avoidance and anxiety was associated with perpetration of physical assault. Similarly, one’s own attachment avoidance and a partner’s attachment avoidance and anxiety was associated with perpetration of psychological aggression. Attachment anxiety influenced one’s own perpetration of sexual coercion and their partner’s perpetration. Thus, functional analysis of violence in terms of attachment and risk regulation may afford targeted interventions to certain types of couples.
      PubDate: 2016-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9868-1
  • Understanding Gender Symmetry within an Expanded Partner Violence Typology
    • Authors: Annelise Mennicke; Shanti Kulkarni
      Abstract: Abstract Controversies persist regarding the pervasiveness of gender symmetrical patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration even as IPV research has proliferated. Johnson’s typology accounts for gender symmetrical and asymmetrical patterns of partner violence; unfortunately this framework has been poorly integrated into our research methods resulting in a fragmented knowledgebase. The original typology can be expanded to account for patterns of control absent of physical violence at the dyadic level. Measures based upon an expanded typology will allow us to better explore the theoretical underpinnings of gender symmetry in partner violence categories, and facilitate category-specific intervention development.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9867-2
  • Subdural Hematoma Rebleeding in Relation to Abusive Head Trauma
    • Authors: Barbara Knox; Lucy B. Rorke-Adams; Francois M. Luyet
      Abstract: Abstract When cases of suspected abusive head trauma are adjudicated in courts of law, one of the theories often presented by defense experts is that a normal, healthy infant or child suddenly neurologically deteriorates or dies several weeks to months after birth or minor injury because a preceding subdural hematoma spontaneously rebleeds after a minor traumatic event. This article reviews the underlying scientific basis of subdural hematoma rebleeding as it applies to this courtroom theory.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9842-y
  • Ophthalmologic Concerns in Abusive Head Trauma
    • Authors: Alex V. Levin; Francois M. Luyet; Barbara L. Knox
      Abstract: Abstract When Abusive Head Trauma (AHT) is suspected in a child, a dilated eye examination by an ophthalmologist is an essential part of the medical workup, as the presence and pattern of retinal hemorrhages can have a high positive predictive rate for abusive head injury. This article proposes to review the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, natural history, sequelae, and differential diagnosis of retinal hemorrhages and other ocular lesions associated with AHT.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9840-0
  • Parent Perceptions of Participating in a Program for Adolescents Who Are
           Violent at Home
    • Authors: Julia R. Correll; Sarah Cusworth Walker; Todd C. Edwards
      Abstract: Abstract Child-to-parent abuse (CPA) is an under-addressed form of family violence and relatively few resources are available for families experiencing CPA. The Step-Up program is a CPA-specific, family-level, group format intervention program in King County, Washington. Qualitative and long-term research on CPA intervention programs is lacking, and it is unknown how parents perceive the effects of participating in Step-Up after program completion. Fifteen parents who completed Step-Up with their adolescent child participated in individual semi-structured telephone or in-person interviews. Participants were asked about their perceptions of the effects of Step-Up participation, how they and their child have used skills taught in the program, and which program features were most and least effective. Participants expressed largely positive effects of participating in Step-Up, including decreased violent behavior by their adolescents and improved parent-child relationships. Recommendations for improving Step-Up included the inclusion of follow-up sessions to further reinforce behavior change and increased program accessibility.
      PubDate: 2016-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9847-6
  • Current Controversies within Intimate Partner Violence: Overlooking
           Bidirectional Violence
    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Bates
      Abstract: Abstract There is a wealth of research that details the bidirectional nature of the majority of intimate partner violence (IPV; Langhinrichsen-Rohling et al. Partner Abuse, 3(2), 199–230, 2012). However, there is a tendency for interventions to treat perpetrators and victims unilaterally from a gendered standpoint. The current paper discusses the evidence to date that illustrates the extent of the problem, including frequency within several samples and the severity of outcomes. It further argues that the only way to develop effective interventions is to acknowledge that many perpetrators may also be victims, and the need to understand the context in which the violence occurs.
      PubDate: 2016-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9862-7
  • Implications of Partner Agreement of IPV for the Gender Symmetry
    • Authors: Angela M. Neal; Katie M. Edwards
      Abstract: Abstract Because romantic partners frequently disagree on the violence in their relationship, relying on nondyadic data for perpetration and victimization rates, especially to inform the gender symmetry controversy, is problematic. In order to have a more nuanced understanding of gender symmetry, we urge researchers to be cautious when drawing symmetry conclusions from non-dyadic samples. Furthermore, using both partners, we suggest that researchers employ more qualitative approaches to ascertain IPV agreement, note times in which either partner reports IPV as an indicator of the presence of violence, and investigate the extent to which conclusions regarding gender symmetry stem from participant selection bias.
      PubDate: 2016-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9866-3
  • Gender Differences in Risk Markers for Perpetration of Physical Partner
           Violence: Results from a Meta-Analytic Review
    • Authors: Chelsea Spencer; Bryan Cafferky; Sandra M. Stith
      Abstract: Abstract There is a lack of consensus on whether the use of intimate partner violence (IPV) is distinctly different between men and women, or if men and women share similar risk markers for perpetrating IPV. In this study, we compared 60 different risk markers for IPV perpetration for men and women using a meta-analysis. We found three out of 60 risk markers significantly differed between men and women. Our results suggest that there are more similarities between men and women than there are differences in risk markers for IPV perpetration.
      PubDate: 2016-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9860-9
  • Understanding Woman Abuse in Intimate Heterosexual Relationships: The
           Enduring Relevance of Feminist Ways of Knowing
    • Authors: Walter S. DeKeseredy
      Abstract: Abstract Despite claims to the contrary, over the past 40 years, feminist scholars have made numerous empirical and theoretical contributions to the study of woman abuse in intimate heterosexual relationships. The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate that feminist ways of knowing continue to be relevant today. Another goal is to challenge some common myths about feminist modes of inquiry.
      PubDate: 2016-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9861-8
  • Lifetime Family Violence and Depression: The Case of Older Women in South
    • Authors: Seok In Nam; Karen D. Lincoln
      Abstract: Abstract The current study examined the prevalence of lifetime family violence among older women (N = 525) and the influence of family violence on depression using data from a national survey in South Korea. The major findings were that 49.3 % of respondents had been victimized from lifetime family violence, the prevalence of childhood maltreatment was 37.1 % and intimate partner violence was 23.4 %. Approximately, 55 % of participants had clinical depression, which was significantly associated with reported experiences of family violence. The findings suggest that family violence and depression are common social problems and that individualized intervention for older women in South Korea is needed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9844-9
  • The Effect of Gender of Perpetrator and Victim on Perceptions of
           Psychological and Physical Intimate Partner Aggression
    • Authors: Georgina S. Hammock; Deborah S. Richardson; Kenneth Brock Lamm; Elizabeth Taylor; Lauren Verlaque
      Abstract: Abstract Most studies of third-party perceptions of intimate partner violence focus on heterosexual relationships and report that male-to-female aggression is perceived more negatively than female-to-male. Since gender of aggressor and gender of victim are consistently confounded in these portrayals, it is not clear whether the gender of the aggressor or the gender of the victim accounts for the effect. The present research manipulated gender of perpetrator and victim to unravel this confound. Two hundred and fifty one participants (166 females) read scenarios involving psychological or physical aggression between two males, two females, or a male and a female. Participants reported their perceptions of the encounter and the character and emotional reactions of the individual couple members. Physical aggression was evaluated more negatively than psychological aggression. Participants evaluated the encounter and the perpetrator and victim in a manner consistent with stereotypical gender roles, revealing more concern for female than male victims and greater denigration of male than female perpetrators. These results have implications for programs aimed at the reduction of intimate partner violence and the services and programs developed for perpetrators and victims.
      PubDate: 2016-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9850-y
  • MEGA ♪ Cross-Validation Findings on Sexually Abusive Females:
           Implications for Risk Assessment and Clinical Practice
    • Abstract: Abstract Discussed is a variety of gender differences, offering a clearer view as to how female sexually abusive youth differ from males. Reported are descriptive findings on a substantial sample (N = 1056 – males and females, ages 4–19, including youth with low intellectual functioning) participating in the cross-validation of MEGA ♪ , the largest studies to date on risk assessment tools for sexually abusive youth. Sample was stratified according to age and gender, resulting in normative data. Cross-validation findings demonstrated Risk Scale of MEGA ♪ had good predictive validity (i.e., AUC values =.71) [95 % CI = .62 to .80; p < .001] for ages 13 to 19, and .77 [95 % C.I. = .60 to .96; p = 0.016] for ages 4 to 12) (Miccio-Fonseca Journal of Family Violence 28:623–634, 2013). Findings affirmed sexually abusive females can be high risk, are typically less dangerous than males, re-offending less frequently. Female sexually abusive youth are distinctly different from males and therefore need a gender specific risk assessment tool.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9845-8
  • Embracing the Complexity of Partner Violence from a Violent Events
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite growing evidence suggesting diverse manifestations of partner violence (PV) perpetrated by both men and women, a ‘violence against women’ perspective still appears to dominate theory, research, and policy responses. This article emphasizes the complexity of PV and argues that it can be embraced through the integration of contextual approaches. This can be done by (1) conceptualizing PV as a gender-inclusive, dynamic, and multidimensional phenomenon; (2) applying a violent events perspective to measuring the dynamics of violence in relationships; and (3) promoting a transformative change at the level of social policy that would embrace both women’s and men’s diverse experiences of PV, and thus achieve equality-based justice.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9865-4
  • Risk Factors for Women’s Intimate Partner Violence Victimization: An
           Examination from the Perspective of the Schema Therapy Model
    • Authors: Nermin Taşkale; Gonca Soygüt
      Abstract: Abstract This study attempted to examine risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization against women in terms of the schema therapy model (STM). Seventy-nine shelter-residing female IPV victims and 78 married female IPV non-victims participated in the study. The Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form, the Young Parenting Inventory, the Young Compensation Inventory, and the Young Avoidance Inventory were used. The results revealed that being young and having low income were risk factors for IPV victimization. Paternal parenting style was also found to be a further risk factor in addition to demographic variables. Further, the endorsement of disconnection and the unrelenting standards schema domains presented further information predicting IPV victimization above and beyond demographic variables and parenting styles. Maladaptive coping styles did not reveal themselves as maintenance factors for IPV victimization when the information gathered from demographic variables, parenting styles, and schema domains is taken out. The results are discussed in terms of the STM.
      PubDate: 2016-08-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9855-6
  • Psychometric Proprieties and Construct Validity of the Brother-Sister
           Questionnaire in a Sample of Portuguese Adolescents
    • Authors: Inês Carvalho Relva; Otília Monteiro Fernandes; Madalena Alarcão; Sandra Graham-Bermann; Patrícia Lopes
      Abstract: Abstract The Brother-Sister Questionnaire (BSQ; Graham-Bermann and Cutler 1994) is an instrument designed to measure qualities of sibling relationships. Aim: In the present study the main objective was to examine the psychometric properties and validity construct of BSQ - Portuguese version. Data were collected among 197 adolescents. The Cronbach’s alpha of the four domains ranged from .58 to .84. The psychometric characteristics of BSQ Portuguese version were found to be adequate. The results confirm the multi-dimensional model composed of four factors proposed by the authors of this instrument, as well as their suitability to assess quality of Portuguese sibling relationships. The BSQ offers a reliable and valid measure to be used within Portuguese population.
      PubDate: 2016-08-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9851-x
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