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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [31 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2336 journals]
  • Erratum to: Pushing the Paradigm: Addressing Controversies over LGBTQ
           Intimate Partner Violence?
    • Authors: C. E. B. Cannon; F. P. Buttell
      PubDate: 2016-11-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9900-5
  • Spousal Violence against Working Women in India
    • Authors: Chaiti Sharma Biswas
      Abstract: Abstract Violence against women, especially spousal violence is a common phenomenon in India which is significantly increasing over the years. In the name of socialization, male dominated orthodox Indian society raises girls to endure male aggression without protest. Indian social norms within this conservative environment discourage women’s employment; consequently, employed women are subjected to more abuse compared to their unemployed counterparts. The current study, based on the National Family Health Survey data, documents the nature and extent of spousal violence against married employed women across job categories. The study reveals that the majority of employed women are skilled or unskilled manual workers, and most of them are subjected to spousal violence. Furthermore, higher category jobs do not protect women from spousal violence. Women’s empowerment, higher education and/or occupation compared to their partner, and partner’s alcoholism further induce cruelty on employed women. However, standard of living and a husband having a comparatively better job are found to reduce spousal violence.
      PubDate: 2016-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9889-9
  • Attitudinal Acceptance of and Experiences with Intimate Partner Violence
           among Rural Adults
    • Authors: Laura M. Schwab-Reese; Lynette M. Renner
      Abstract: Abstract There is little research on the associations between acceptance of and experiences with intimate partner violence (IPV) in rural samples, which may be different from associations in urban areas due to the higher prevalence of IPV in rural areas and the social and physical environment issues related to seeking help. The purpose of our study was to determine the proportion of participants who reported accepting male- and female-perpetrated IPV and the associations between experiences of IPV and acceptance of IPV. Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey of rural residents in one Midwest state. Approximately 4 % of participants reported it is ever acceptable for a male to hit his partner. Approximately 20 % of males and 12 % of females reported it is ever acceptable for a female to hit her partner. A higher proportion of individuals who were victims or perpetrators of IPV reported accepting retaliatory IPV (i.e., when partner hits first) perpetrated by individuals of their own gender. This finding suggests the previously reported high rates of bidirectional IPV in rural areas may be fueled by this acceptance of physical retaliation. Interventions to break this cycle of IPV may be guided by qualitative research into the specific ways the rural environment contributes to acceptance of retaliatory aggression.
      PubDate: 2016-11-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9895-y
  • Partner Aggression Versus Partner Abuse Terminology: Moving the Field
           Forward and Resolving Controversies
    • Authors: Robert Geffner
      PubDate: 2016-11-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9898-8
  • Acknowledgment of Reviewers for Volume 31
    • PubDate: 2016-10-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9892-1
  • Understanding the Relationship between Attachment, Caregiving, and Same
           Sex Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Nicolas Gabbay; Marie-France Lafontaine
      Abstract: Abstract Despite the well documented prevalence of same sex intimate partner violence (SSIPV), its dynamics remain relatively poorly understood. Building on the established value of attachment theory’s contribution to understanding heterosexual intimate partner violence, we provide a detailed examination of the relationship between the attachment system and SSIPV, while broadening our scope to include the caregiving system. A total of 310 American and Canadian individuals involved in same sex romantic relationships participated in an online survey. Hierarchical regressions revealed that attachment and caregiving variables shared significant amounts of variance with SSIPV, with avoidance of intimacy and proximity making independent contributions. Based on significant overlap between the attachment and caregiving dimensions, subsequent analyses were conducted to provide composite variables used to predict SSIPV.
      PubDate: 2016-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9897-9
  • Gender Role and Gender as Predictors of Behavior Problems in Children
           Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Kathryn E. Smagur; G. Anne Bogat; Alytia A. Levendosky
      Abstract: Abstract Children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) are likely to develop behavior problems, but findings are mixed regarding whether girls and boys are differentially affected. Bem (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 634–643, 1975) argued that gender role is an important predictor of mental health, and this relationship may differ for males and females due to societal gender norms. Given the gendered nature of IPV, we examined whether gender role interacted with gender to predict behavior problems in IPV-exposed children (n = 176). Among four-year-old children, gender-typed gender roles were a risk factor for girls but not boys, and androgynous gender roles were protective for both boys and girls on average. However, post hoc analyses indicated the amount of IPV exposure mattered; androgynous girls exposed to chronic IPV had more behavior problems. Results illustrate the importance of societal and family gender norms in determining children’s risk for behavior problems following exposure to IPV.
      PubDate: 2016-10-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9890-3
  • Bridging the two Sides of a 30-Year Controversy over Gender Differences in
           Perpetration of Physical Partner Violence
    • Authors: Zeev Winstok; Murray A. Straus
      Abstract: Abstract In the longstanding controversy over gender differences in perpetration of physical intimate partner violence (PV), one side argues for gender asymmetry (i.e., mainly men perpetrate PV) and the other side argues for gender symmetry (i.e., women perpetrate PV in similar proportions to men). This article proposes an empirical bridge between the two sides of the controversy, through a typology that inherently recognizes both the symmetrical and asymmetrical aspects of PV. This empirical bridge may facilitate a broader and deeper view of the problem.
      PubDate: 2016-10-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9896-x
  • Changing the Domestic Violence Narrative: Aligning Definitions and
    • Authors: Briana Barocas; Danielle Emery; Linda G. Mills
      Abstract: Abstract Many states use a broad legal definition of domestic violence that includes intimate partner violence along with family violence, and it is from this broader conceptualization that the criminal justice system intervenes and often treats all types of offenders in the same way. This judicial response can include a mandate to attend a Batterer Intervention Program-type group, which does little to address violence that occurs outside of the “traditional” partner violence paradigm. In order to advance interventions for physical partner violence that adequately address both male and female perpetration, as well as the broader conceptualization of domestic violence, we must align definitions and standards among researchers, service providers, advocates, policymakers, and the public health and criminal justice systems. Examples of how this misalignment has stalled progress in offender treatment are discussed and a plan for enabling continued innovation in the field is presented.
      PubDate: 2016-10-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9885-0
  • The Controversy Concerning the Validity of the Asymmetry Thesis for
           Physical Partner Violence: A Pilot Study
    • Authors: Wafa Sowan-Basheer; Zeev Winstok
      Abstract: Abstract The article addresses the controversy concerning the validity of the asymmetry thesis for physical partner violence (PV) expressed by the feminist paradigm, which for years has been stumping the field’s development. This paradigm links structural inequality between men and women in society with man-to-woman physical violence in intimate relationships. The asymmetry thesis received insufficient direct in-depth empirical examination, and most of the discussion focuses on the ratio of male and female use of physical PV. The article proposes a direct research of the link between patriarchal conservativism/egalitarian liberalism and physical violence by men and women in intimate relationships. Such studies, which directly explore the core issue, not only advance the controversy towards solution but promote better understanding of and effective intervention in PV as well. To demonstrate the proposed approach, a pilot study is reported, comparing men and women’s physical PV rates among three Israeli sample populations with distinct characteristics: liberal/egalitarian secular Jews, religious and ultra-orthodox patriarchal/conservative Jews, and patriarchal/conservative Muslims. The findings of the pilot study repudiate the sweeping validity of the asymmetry thesis for PV and encourage further examination of it using the proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2016-10-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9893-0
  • A Tribute to Murray A. Straus
    • Authors: Emily M. Douglas
      Abstract: Abstract This article offers a brief tribute to the father of the field of family violence, Murray A. Straus, Ph.D. Murray spent the bulk of his career at the University of New Hampshire, where he studied partner violence, corporal punishment, developed the Conflict Tactics Scales, and mentored thousands of students, post-doctoral research fellows, and colleagues alike. His productivity and the significant impact that he had on the field and the public at large, in addition to his warmth and good humor, are noted here.
      PubDate: 2016-10-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9891-2
  • Current Controversies Concerning Gender Differences in Perpetration of
           Physical Partner Violence
    • Authors: Zeev Winstok; Murray A. Straus
      Abstract: Abstract The article provides a general background for this special issue, describing its starting point and goals, and their implementation guidelines.
      PubDate: 2016-10-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9894-z
  • The Social Construction of Roles in Intimate Partner Violence: Is the
           Victim/Perpetrator Model the only Viable one?
    • Authors: Zvi Eisikovits; Benjamin Bailey
      Abstract: Abstract An ongoing discussion in the partner violence (PV) literature exists concerning the respective roles of perpetrator and victim. Most of it is gender based. The classical feminist argument is that women are victims of the violence and this is sustained by the social perception of them as victims. More recently increased recognition of mutual violence has taken place, calling into question the gender-based victim/perpetrator model. Recent research further calls into question this role differentiation through findings indicating that a majority of the protagonists in the PV drama view themselves as victims. A corollary to this controversy is that whether a man or a woman is the victim, the principal client in conventional intervention with PV is the woman. This paper will argue that the relevancy of gender-based role differentiation for most PV cases is not supported by recent data, and that incorporating an interactive perspective enables a more complex view than the classical victim/perpetrator one, and may improve our practice with PV populations.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9879-y
  • When Agreements Blur Disputes: Do Common Assumptions Regarding General
           Implications of Intimate Physical Partner Violence Mediate or Intensify
           the Controversy?
    • Authors: Michael Weinberg; Ronit Smadar-Dror
      Abstract: Abstract A common assumption is that gender can be studied through the differences between men and women living in intimate partner violent (IPV) relationships. Mainly, that general gender behavior can be studied through IPV. This approach is examined and an alternative possibility for a broad agreement is suggested. Accordingly, gender motives reflecting status enhancement for men and risk reduction for women can be dominant in daily conduct and implemented in intimate relationships. The suggestions made in this article can be seen as an alternative agreed starting point for the study of IPV free of a priori premises and conventions. Theoretical and practical implications are suggested which can mediate between the approaches regarding gender and IPV and perhaps clarify the controversy so that different psychological interventions may be applied.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9884-1
  • Intimate Partner Violence and the Duluth Model: An Examination of the
           Model and Recommendations for Future Research and Practice
    • Authors: Greg Bohall; Mary-Jo Bautista; Sabrina Musson
      Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global health concern. Given the complexity of the act of violence coupled with the difficulty of stabilizing the perpetrator and victim, assessment and intervention continue to be substandard. The Duluth Model is the predominant intervention for perpetrators of IPV; however, it continues to be controversial and has received significant criticism due to its narrow scope. The objective of this article is to identify the components of the Duluth Model and compare to the advances in behavioral sciences in order to implement a change in treatment for perpetrators of IPV.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9888-x
  • Canada’s First Integrated Domestic Violence Court: Examining Family and
           Criminal Court Outcomes at the Toronto I.D.V.C.
    • Authors: Rachel Birnbaum; Michael Saini; Nicholas Bala
      Abstract: Abstract This is the first quantitative study to examine Canada’s only Integrated Domestic Violence Court. The methodology used a quasi-experimental design with parallel groups with baseline equivalence. Results demonstrate that when support services are provided to victims of domestic violence during family separation, children benefit from greater involvement with both parents. There was more compliance with child support in the integrated court than the comparison group and compliance in custody and access were two variables that predicted the type of final custody orders. There were fewer judges involved in the IDVC court than comparison group; however, there were no differences in the number of court appearances between groups. The IDVC demonstrates a promising intervention to address domestic violence that involves both criminal and family law courts. Future research is needed to explore the views of children, victims and offenders about their experiences with the IDVC.
      PubDate: 2016-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9886-z
  • Maternal Childhood Sexual Trauma and Child Conduct Problems
    • Authors: B. J. Zvara; The Family Life Project Key Investigators; R. Mills-Koonce; K. Appleyard Carmody; M. Cox
      Abstract: Abstract This study examines multiple pathways by which maternal childhood sexual trauma may be related to the behavioral development of children. Propensity score matching procedures were used to create matched groups (total n = 204) of mothers who retroactively did and did not self-report childhood sexual trauma in a longitudinal sample of families living in poor, rural communities. Using structural equation modeling, maternal characteristics and behaviors were examined as potential mediators of the relationship between maternal histories of childhood sexual trauma and children’s conduct problems. After controlling for numerous socio-demographic factors, analyses indicate that maternal depressive symptoms, intimate partner violence, and maternal parenting were significant mediators and highlight the lasting impact of childhood sexual trauma on victims and their children.
      PubDate: 2016-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9876-1
  • Social Context and Violence Exposure as Predictors of Internalizing
           Symptoms in Mothers and Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Wendy D’Andrea; Sandra Graham-Berman
      Abstract: Abstract Family and social environment may play a part in children’s post-violence adjustment. The goal of this paper is to examine which factors are related to internalizing symptoms in mothers and their children exposed to intimate partner violence. Participants were 208 mothers exposed to domestic violence. Mothers responded using the Conflict Tactics Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and other standardized scales. They also reported on their children’s internalizing symptoms using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). For the whole group, children’s CBCL scores were related to higher maternal depression and lower maternal self-esteem. Factors determining internalizing in children varied based upon the child’s race. This study illustrates the importance of factors, such as maternal depression, maternal self-esteem, violence exposure, and social support, in determining whether a child exposed to domestic violence develops internalizing symptoms, and that ecological factors may have different effects on children based on race.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9869-0
  • The Rate of False Allegations of Partner Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract A key controversy surrounding partner violence (PV) concerns false allegations. It is related to various disputes regarding gender differences with respect to PV. The rate of false PV complaints has been in dispute for decades. Some argue that it is marginal, others that it is significant. The article shows that the controversy has ramifications for the estimation of the prevalence of PV and for the measures police and welfare agencies should take when receiving such complaints. The article suggests methods for examining the scope of the phenomenon of false allegations and stresses the importance of such studies.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9882-3
  • Redefining Intimate Partner Violence Beyond the Binary to Include
           Transgender People
    • Abstract: Abstract Since the mid-1970s, the field of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has debated over gender differences in the perpetration of physical partner violence. However, this classical controversy has ignored transgender people since their gender does not seemingly fit the binary categories (male and female) first used to conceptualize IPV. Furthermore, sustained attention on this ceaseless argument has contributed to transgender people remaining invisible to the field of IPV. In this article, we redefine IPV to extend beyond the gender binary and invite the field to shift its focus to transgender people. Research suggests that as many as one in two transgender individuals are victims of IPV, but that multiple barriers prevent this group from acquiring protection that is afforded to others. Therefore, we propose that researchers direct their attention to this topic, and thus, inform police officers, victim advocates, and medical professionals who work directly to combat IPV for all.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9887-y
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