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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence     [SJR: 0.621]   [H-I: 42]
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2210 journals]
  • Relationship Dynamics, Gender, and Criminal Offending in Fragile Families
    • Abstract: Abstract Using data collected from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study investigated the links between intimate partners’ relationship dynamics and criminal offending in “fragile families.” We assessed the mechanisms underlying relationships among parents with young children from the perspective of three dominant theories in the field of criminology (i.e., strain, social control/bonding, and social learning theories), as well as the potential moderating effects of gender. In this study, criminal offending is operationalized as whether the respondents have been formally “booked or charged with breaking a law” since the last data collection period. Overall, our study lends some support for all three theories, but we found little evidence that the relationships among our substantive predictor variables and formal contact with the criminal justice system differed by gender.
      PubDate: 2015-01-20
  • Co-Occurrence of Intimate Partner Violence and Child Maltreatment: Service
           Providers’ Perceptions
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) places children at risk for maltreatment (CM). It is critical for both IPV and CM professionals to assess the possibility of the co-occurrence of both of these types of family violence, whose risk factors are nearly identical. However, little is known about the attitudes and perceptions of child welfare (CW), IPV, child protection, or other related professionals when serving families where both of these circumstances may occur. This study examined the perceptions of service providers in Hillsborough County, Florida on the co-occurrence of CM and IPV. Findings demonstrate the inequitable knowledge, training, and perceived ability to deal with the co-occurrence of IPV and CM among professionals from different employment areas. These discrepancies serve as opportunities for different agencies to collaborate in reducing knowledge gaps and increasing respondent’s capacity to effectively identify and intervene with victims.
      PubDate: 2015-01-18
  • Battered Women’s Evaluations of Their Intimate Partners as a
           Possible Mediator Between Abuse and Self-Esteem
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined whether battered women’s evaluations of their intimate partners mediate the relationship between the abuse they experience and their self-esteem. The sample consisted of 196 battered women seeking services from seven shelters. Results provide empirical evidence against theoretical postulates about battered women’s idealization of their abusive partners and against the hypothesized mediating role of partner evaluations in the association between intimate partner violence and women’s self-esteem. The overall findings imply ongoing changes in a battered woman’s internal state as she goes through different developmental stages in her process of breaking away from the cycle of intimate partner violence.
      PubDate: 2015-01-14
  • Specific Patterns of Family Aggression and Adolescents’ Self- and
           Other-Directed Harm: The Moderating Role of Personality
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of the current study was to explore distinct patterns of family aggression and their relationship to youths’ self- and other-directed harm, as well as the moderating role of personality. Participants included 184 adolescents (mean age of 14) from the community and in treatment. Family aggression and self- and other-directed harm were assessed by youth and/or parent reports on various scales. Youth personality was assessed by self-report on the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire—Simplified Wording Form (MPQ-SF). A cluster analysis revealed three distinct patterns of family aggression: 1) Witness + Victim, 2) Youth as Witness, and 3) Low Family Aggression. Youth who reported being both victims of and witnesses to family aggression (Witness + Victim) reported the highest levels of self- and other-directed harm compared to Youth in the other two clusters. There was also a significant interaction between temperamental Negative Emotionality (NEM) and family aggression cluster, in that there was a dose effect of family aggression on other-directed harm at high levels of NEM. In contrast, at low levels of NEM, family aggression was not related to other-directed harm. These results suggest that specific patterns of family aggression have distinct relationships with youths’ self- and other-directed harm. Further, these results highlight the role of individual differences like NEM as risky or protective depending on the family context.
      PubDate: 2015-01-13
  • Partner Covictimization and Post-Breakup Stalking, Pursuit, and Violence:
           A Retrospective Study of College Women
    • Abstract: Abstract Covictimization involves experiencing both physical and sexual forms of intimate partner violence (IPV). It was hypothesized that covictimization during a dating relationship would predict stalking, ongoing pursuit, and continued partner violence after the relationship ended. Undergraduate women (N = 99) provided self-report data regarding experiences of IPV both during and after their most recent breakup and ongoing pursuit after the breakup. As expected, covictimized women reported elevated rates of post-breakup IPV, both physical and sexual. In addition, covictimized women reported elevated rates of ongoing pursuit involving intimidation/threats, but not involving approach/contact or surveillance. Ongoing intimidation/threat pursuit was also associated with post-breakup IPV, even after controlling for pre-breakup IPV. Covictimized women are at risk for continued intimidation and violence from ex-partners.
      PubDate: 2015-01-13
  • Whose Suffering is This? Narratives of Adult Children and Parents in
           Long-Term Abusive Relationships
    • Abstract: Abstract This article provides an inside look at the relationship dynamics between parents and adult children when the adult children neglect their parents. This phenomenological study focused on the subjective experience of family members: 23 participants, including 11 dyads of abusive adult children and their parents, and one individual parent. Findings identified four types of victimhood narratives: (1) the aged parent as the central victim of suffering, and the abuser (adult child) as secondary victim; (2) the abuser (adult child) as the central victim of suffering and the parent as both victimizer and victim; (3) the abuser (adult child) as martyr versus the aged victim as martyr; and (4) a mutual narrative of suffering. Practical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-01-10
  • Effect of Race on the Risk of Out-of-Home Placement Among Children with
           Caregivers Who Reported Domestic Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract Increased attention has been given to domestic violence as a risk factor for out-of-home placement; however, few previous studies have examined the influence of race/ethnicity. This analysis used data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being to longitudinally compare time to out-of-home placement among a sample of 630 children with African American (n = 162), Hispanic (n = 95), and White (n = 373) female caregivers who reported domestic violence. Propensity score analysis was used to balance the group of caregivers based on observed characteristics. Findings indicated race was not a determinant factor of out-of-home placement; rather, other characteristics may better predict out-of-home placement among families affected by domestic violence. Recommendations for future research and practice are provided.
      PubDate: 2015-01-08
  • Changes in the Associations of Heavy Drinking and Drug Use with Intimate
           Partner Violence in Early Adulthood
    • Abstract: Abstract The hypothesis that the disinhibitory effects induced by alcohol consumption contribute to domestic violence has gained support from meta-analyses of mainly cross-sectional studies that examined the association between alcohol abuse and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, findings from multilevel analyses of longitudinal data investigating the time-varying effects of heavy episodic drinking (HED) on physical IPV have been equivocal. This 12-year prospective study used multilevel analysis to examine the effects of HED and illicit drug use on perpetration of both physical and psychological IPV during early adulthood. Participants were 157 romantic couples who were assessed biennially two to six times for substance misuse and IPV. The analyses found no significant main effect of either HED or drug use on perpetration of IPV but there were significant interactions of both HED and drug use with age. Moreover, the developmental trends in substance use effects on IPV typically varied by gender and type of IPV.
      PubDate: 2014-12-30
  • Maltreatment and Advanced Theory of Mind Development in School-aged
    • Abstract: Abstract Theory of mind (ToM), the understanding of people’s beliefs and states of mind underpins effective communication and social relationships throughout life. Plausibly, the experience of being maltreated could delay the child’s development of ToM. However empirical evidence for this is scanty, especially in children age five and over. The present study aimed to fill this void. 105 Australian children were tested on first- and second-order false belief tests and a developmentally-sequenced ToM Scale. Of this sample, 52 children had experienced maltreatment and were receiving therapy and 53 children were matched nonclinic controls. As predicted, controls outperformed the maltreated on first-order changed-locations, misleading container false belief tests, and on an advanced belief-emotion test. Furthermore, maltreatment severity was an independent negative predictor of ToM understanding after controlling other variables. Findings reveal the persistence of problems in understanding others’ minds for maltreated children with implications both for social cognition and for applied interventions.
      PubDate: 2014-12-16
  • Dimensions of Suffering among Old and Young Battered Women
    • Abstract: Abstract This article is a qualitative analysis of the ways in which young and old battered women perceive, understand and experience suffering from violence. The sample included 40 participants, composed of 17 elderly Israeli Jewish women, aged 60 to 84, and 23 younger women, aged 23 to 49. We collected data by in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted with young and old battered women. Content analysis yielded several common themes: Suffering through isolation and control; enduring bodily pain; estrangement, alienation and loneliness in one’s own dwelling; time as a source of suffering; significant; others as a mirror of the self; enduring to emotional suffering; and accumulated life wisdom. These themes constitute the basis for the forthcoming analysis and discussion.
      PubDate: 2014-12-14
  • Reciprocity in Adolescent and Caregiver Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract Over a 2-year period, with assessments every six months, the reciprocity in violent behaviors (verbal and physical) was investigated in a sample of 161 adolescents, who met the criteria for substance or alcohol abuse or dependence, and their caregivers, who participated in a clinical trial for family treatment for adolescent substance abuse. Using observed variables in a structural equation model with panel data, there was very little stability in violent behaviors across time from the perspectives of both the adolescents and caregivers. Evidence for violence reciprocity between adolescent and caregiver was demonstrated toward the end of the study period. The results are discussed in the context of previous literature about adolescent-to-parent violence.
      PubDate: 2014-12-13
  • In Our Voice: Survivors’ Recommendations for Change
    • Abstract: Abstract Seven focus groups with a diverse group of intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors (n = 39) explored how to improve survivor satisfaction, empowerment, and safety related to their court-based experiences. These occurred in three jurisdictions which all supported community coordinated responses to IPV. This paper contributes to the literature by asking survivors about existing service gaps and how helping professionals might enhance court operations. Analysis was conducted using a framework approach based on the socio-ecological model. Findings suggest four areas worthy of improvement: Logistics, Emotional Enhancements, Society’s Perception of IPV, and Court Procedures. The recommendations for change are neither expensive nor complicated; rather, modest changes may result in greater victim satisfaction with the courts.
      PubDate: 2014-12-11
  • Intimate Partner Violence among Latino Women: Rates and Cultural
    • Abstract: Abstract While various forms of intimate partner violence (IPV) within the Latino community have been explored to some extent, the role of immigrant status and acculturation on IPV remains unclear. The current study investigated the lifetime rate of physical, sexual, stalking, and threat IPV, as well as the profile of abuse tactics used against victimized Latino women. Further, the influence of immigrant status, Anglo orientation, Latino orientation, and the interaction of immigrant status and acculturation variables on IPV were examined. Data came from the Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) study that gathered data from a national sample of Latino women (N = 2,000) via telephone interviews. Results showed 15.6 % of Latino women experienced IPV in their lifetime and threat IPV was the most common form of IPV. Physical, sexual, stalking and threat IPV were all used as abusive tactics in various configurations. Logistic regression analyses showed immigrants were less likely than U.S. born Latino women to experience any IPV and physical IPV. Anglo orientation was associated with increased odds of any IPV and stalking IPV while Latino orientation was associated with decreased odds of all forms of IPV. Furthermore, the protective effect of Latino orientation for stalking IPV was pronounced among immigrants. Together the results show that 1 in 6 Latino women experience IPV and that sociocultural factors such as immigrant status and acculturation are important considerations for this group, underscoring the influence of migration and cultural adaptation to family functioning.
      PubDate: 2014-12-04
  • Predictors and Implications of Intimate Partner Violence Against Married
           Female Youths in Nigeria
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the predictors and implications of intimate partner violence (IPV) against married female youths. Nigeria’s Demographic and Health Survey data are analysed. The results indicate that emotional violence and physical violence are the most reported forms of IPV. Significant predictors of IPV in the sample include age, region, age at first marriage, education, wealth status, number of living children, spouse’s education, jealousy, and alcohol consumption. IPV is significantly associated with ever use of modern contraceptives, unwanted childbirths, and STIs. The results suggest that in order to lessen IPV prevalence and its implications among married female youths, policies to discourage early marriage, promote post primary schooling, and discourage alcohol consumption are imperative.
      PubDate: 2014-12-03
  • All in the Family: A Retrospective Study Comparing Sibling Bullying and
           Peer Bullying
    • Abstract: Abstract Extensive bullying research has primarily focused on activities between peers in school settings, but some evidence suggests bullying may occur in other situations. If so, other contexts could potentially benefit from the wealth of peer bullying research. A sample of 392 young adults answered questions about their experiences with sibling and peer bullying behaviors. Participants also provided responses concerning a sibling or peer vignette that focused on reporting bullying behaviors. Results indicated that participants view bullying behaviors between peers and siblings as somewhat similar, but sibling bullying behaviors compared to peer bullying behaviors are reported to be perpetrated and experienced more often. When considering a hypothetical situation such sibling bullying behaviors, however, are less likely to be reported outside the family than peer bullying behaviors. Additionally, females are more likely than males to report outside the family. Participants who had more prior involvement in bullying are less likely to say they would report the described sibling bullying behaviors. Considering sibling bullying may not be thought of as bullying and may not be reported outside the family, implications for policy and future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-12-02
  • Security in Father-child Relationship and Behavior Problems in Sexually
           Abused Children
    • Abstract: Abstract While the influence of mother-child relationships on children’s recovery following sexual abuse has been documented, less is known about the possible contribution of father-child relationships on outcomes. The present study explored the contribution of children’s perception of security in their relationship to the father on internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, while controlling for socio-demographic variables and variables associated with the mother-child relationship. Participants were 142 children who disclosed sexual abuse involving a perpetrator other than the biological father. Regression analyses indicated that children’s perception of security to fathers contributed to the prediction of parental reports of children’s behavior problems, even after controlling for maternal psychological distress and perception of security to mothers.
      PubDate: 2014-11-29
  • Guardians Against Spousal Violence? A Case for Considering Motive
    • Abstract: Abstract The current study examines the applicability of the routine activity factor, of guardianship, to intimate partner violence. In so doing, it expands the range of routine activity theory to better accommodate different types of crime and challenges the original theoretical notion of simply “assuming” motivated offenders (Cohen and Felson, American Sociological Review, 44, 588–604 1979). Findings from the National Violence and Threats of Violence Against Women & Men in the U.S., 1994–1996 (Tjaden and Thoennes 1998) survey indicate routine activity principles such as guardianship may be useful in understanding the risk of intimate violence, but that the effects of guardianship depend on the motive for the violence. Implications for research and theory are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-11-26
  • Trends in Intimate Partner Violence Services Provided by Substance Abuse
           Treatment Facilities: Findings from a National Sample
    • Abstract: Abstract Facilities treating substance abuse problems have a unique opportunity to provide services related to intimate partner violence (IPV). This study investigated the percentage of substance abuse treatment facilities that offer IPV related services among a sample of over 10,000 treatment facilities. Characteristics of treatment facilities that do versus do not offer IPV services were also examined. Survey questions from the 2011 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (NSSATS) were analyzed. Only a minority of facilities offered IPV related services (38.4 %). Additionally, compared to facilities not providing IPV services, those providing such services differed on many notable characteristics, such as gender of clients accepted into the program (programs focused on adult women were more likely to offer IPV services), facility location (IPV services offered more in the Western United States), and facility ownership (IPV services offered more in facilities owned by tribal governments).
      PubDate: 2014-11-26
  • Perceptions of Psychological and Physical Aggression Between Heterosexual
    • Abstract: Abstract The present research examines the impact of type of aggression (physical/ psychological) and type of dyad (male aggressor/ female victim and female aggressor/ male victim) on perceptions of a conflict scenario and its combatants. Participants read scenarios depicting a conflict between a married heterosexual couple and reported their impressions of the aggressiveness of the encounter and of the aggressor and victim. Physical aggression was evaluated more negatively (both in terms of the encounter and its combatants) than psychological aggression. Male to female violence was judged more harshly (both in terms of the aggressiveness of the encounter and impressions of the combatants) than female to male violence. Study 2 extended Study 1, assessing the relationship of experience with physical and psychological aggression on perceptions. The results from Study 1 were replicated. Contrary to predictions, experience with physical and psychological aggression did not consistently relate to perceptions of these types of aggression.
      PubDate: 2014-11-25
  • Acknowledgement of Reviewers for 2014
    • PubDate: 2014-10-21
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