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Journal Cover   Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.552]   [H-I: 45]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2302 journals]
  • Family Communication Patterns, Sympathy, Perspective-Taking, and
           Girls’ Thoughts About Interpersonal Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract This self report online study explored the process of moral reasoning about interpersonal violence by considering the roles of family communication patterns, mediated by sympathy and perspective-taking (PT) in girls ages 6–16 (N = 253). Using structural equation modeling, findings suggest that families where conversation communication plays a central role nurture abilities to sympathize and PT. Further, younger girls tend to be driven by sympathy, which shifts to PT as they age. These abilities positively correlate with thoughts about interpersonal violence as wrong whether “justified” and independent of severity. Error correlations infer that, at some level, “justified” violence is acceptable and, to a lesser degree, the severity of the violence plays a role in moral reasoning about violence, thus suggesting complex thought.
      PubDate: 2015-04-14
  • Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome: A Case Series Study from Turkey
    • Abstract: Abstract Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a rare form of child abuse in which a caregiver deliberately exaggerates, fabricates, and/or induces health problems in those in their care. The condition is extremely difficult to characterize and diagnose, as it manifests in many forms, often confusing the medical team. Insufficient knowledge regarding the syndrome and rare consideration of the differential diagnosis results in failure to recognize the problem. Literature suggests that an increase in physician awareness of the disorder can prevent or reduce its morbidity and mortality. For this reason, we believe that case series can help increase current knowledge on epidemiology, aetiology, diagnostic criteria, advised management of MSBP, and the psychological portrait of the perpetrator. Additionally, no data from Turkey has previously been presented on this issue. This study aimed to report characteristics of MSPB victims and alleged perpetrator, which were diagnosed and managed by a multidisciplinary team.
      PubDate: 2015-04-14
  • A Domestic Violence Shelter Parent Training Program for Mothers with Young
    • Abstract: Abstract Eight mother-child dyads living at an urban domestic violence extended stay shelter participated in a parent training program modeled on the Child Directed Interaction (CDI) component of Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). The goal of this study is to report mother’s capacity to learn and practice the parenting skills taught in the model while living in the shelter environment. Labeled praises, behavioral descriptions, and reflections were coded as positive comments and criticisms, commands and questions were coded as negative comments during the first 5 min of each session. Positive comments increased from a median of five positive comments during the first session to 30 positive comments at their last session for a median increase of 17.5 positive comments between the first and last sessions. A significant decrease in the use of negative comments was also observed. Mothers demonstrated an increased capacity for using positive comments and an ability to omit negative comments during individual coaching sessions with their children. Further research on the acceptability, practicality, and efficacy of parent training programs in extended stay domestic violence shelters for mothers with young children is warranted.
      PubDate: 2015-04-14
  • Living on the Edges: Between Victims and Survivors, the Voices of Abused
           Adolescent Girls
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this article is to utilize an insider’s perspective to describe and analyze the experience of abuse and neglect of adolescent girls in Israel. A purposive sample of 20 adolescent, “at risk” girls was interviewed and chosen due to intensive experiences of abuse throughout their lives. Findings highlighted how these individuals negotiated and framed their experiences in order to enable them to cope with the abuse they had endured. Firstly, they manipulated space as well as time, using controlled, incremental processing (“dosing”) when narrating their experiences. For the adolescents in our study, communication was a central organizing axis of their abuse experiences and a tool for healing, encouraging a sense of self and facilitating relationships with others. In addition, the findings indicated that these adolescent girls possess a body of experiential knowledge that translates into coping skills extending beyond their abuse experiences.
      PubDate: 2015-04-12
  • Childhood Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Adult Mental Health
           Problems: Relationships with Gender and Age of Exposure
    • Abstract: Abstract Relatively little is known about the associations between childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adulthood mental health problems. This study used 2,500 Swedish young adults’ retrospective self-reports to determine the prevalence of childhood exposure to IPV and examine the relationships between such exposure and gender, age of exposure and adult mental health problems. Twenty-eight percent of participants reported any childhood exposure to IPV. Exposure was more common among women, who were also younger at first exposure and exposed to more severe violence than men. Both exposure and severity of IPV were related to all mental health problems examined. The interaction of IPV exposure and gender, while significant, explained relatively little of the variance in mental health problems.
      PubDate: 2015-04-11
  • The Influence of Palestinian Physicians’ Patriarchal Ideology and
           Exposure to Family Violence on Their Beliefs about Wife Beating
    • Abstract: Abstract The influence of Palestinian physicians’ patriarchal ideology (PAI) and exposure to family violence (EFV) on their beliefs about wife beating was examined. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 396 physicians. The results revealed that notable percentages of the physicians expressed some level of willingness to justify wife beating, tendency to believe that battered women benefit from beating, and that battered women are to blame for their beating. Nevertheless, between 27 and 59 % of the physicians expressed some willingness to help battered women. The results also revealed that significant amounts of the variance in physicians’ beliefs about wife beating can be attributed to their PAI and to their EFV during childhood and adolescence..The implications of the results for future research, theory development, and training of physicians are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-04-01
  • Maltreatment Characteristics and Emotion Regulation (ER) Difficulties as
           Predictors of Mental Health Symptoms: Results from a Community-Recruited
           Sample of Female Adolescents
    • Abstract: Abstract Mental health outcomes vary among maltreated youth, and the factors that impact variance need further investigation. The current study examined how maltreatment characteristics (age at onset, cumulative perpetrators, and cumulative types) and difficulties with emotion regulation (ER) predicted trauma-relevant symptoms among a community-recruited sample of female adolescents with histories of exposure to violence (N = 115; M(SD) age = 15.96 (1.56) years). To predict each trauma-relevant symptom (i.e. anger, anxiety, depression, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress (PTS)), a hierarchical two-step regression was conducted. For Step 1, maltreatment characteristics, taken together, predicted variance in four of five symptoms: anger, anxiety, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress (PTS). Above and beyond variance accounted for by maltreatment characteristics, age at onset predicted variance in anger, anxiety, and PTS symptoms. For Step 2, ER difficulties predicted variance in all symptoms. Findings highlight the need for further research about how maltreatment histories impact subsequent mental health. Results also suggest that ER difficulties should be increasingly considered in models of posttraumatic distress among maltreated youth.
      PubDate: 2015-04-01
  • Korean American Clergy Practices Regarding Intimate Partner Violence:
           Roadblock or Support for Battered Women?
    • Abstract: Abstract Although it is common for Korean Americans to seek assistance from clergy for intimate partner violence (IPV), there has been lack of research on Korean American clergy’s practices regarding IPV. 152 Korean American Protestant clergy were surveyed on their practices regarding IPV in their congregations. 92.7 % of respondents reported counseling people who had experienced IPV; however, one-third stated that they had never referred congregants to additional resources. Additionally, the great majority of respondents recognized their important role in responding to IPV; however, only 16 % of them reported feeling well-prepared to deal with IPV. Practice and research implications are discussed to improve a partnership between religious leaders and victim advocates for the purpose of supporting battered Korean immigrant women.
      PubDate: 2015-04-01
  • Is Narcissism Associated with Child Physical Abuse Risk?
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study was designed to clarify the associations between covert narcissism, overt narcissism, negative affect, and child physical abuse (CPA) risk. It was hypothesized that covert (but not overt narcissism) would be significantly associated with parental CPA risk and that negative affect would partially mediate this association. General population parents (N = 178; 33 % male) with varying degrees of CPA risk completed self-report measures of covert narcissism, overt narcissism, and negative affect. Results revealed that at the bivariate level, covert narcissism and two subscales of the overt narcissism measure (exploitativeness and entitlement) were significantly correlated with CPA risk. However, when covert narcissism and overt narcissism were considered simultaneously in a regression analysis, only covert narcissism emerged as a significant predictor of CPA risk. Results of a path analysis supported the prediction that negative affect partially mediated the association between covert narcissism and CPA risk. Findings from the present study illustrate the value of assessing both overt and covert narcissistic features in research investigating the role of narcissism in interpersonal violence. Moreover, the results revealed that covert narcissism was associated with CPA risk, even after accounting for their mutual associations with negative affect. Additional research is needed to explicate the other cognitive/affective mechanisms through which covert narcissism increases risk of aggressive parenting behavior.
      PubDate: 2015-04-01
  • Maternal Factors as Moderators or Mediators of PTSD Symptoms in Very Young
           Children: A Two-Year Prospective Study
    • Abstract: Abstract Research has suggested that parenting behaviors and other parental factors impact the long-term outcome of children’s posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In a sample of 62 children between the ages of one and six who experienced life-threatening traumas, PTSD was measured prospectively 2 years apart. Seven maternal factors were measured in a multi-method, multi-informant design. Both moderation and mediation models, with different theoretical and mechanism implications, were tested. Moderation models were not significant. Mediation models were significant when the mediator variable was maternal symptoms of PTSD or depression (measured at Time 1), self-report of maternal escape/avoidance coping (measured at Time 2), or self-report emotional sensitivity (measured at Time 2). Greater maternal emotional sensitivity was associated with greater Time 2 PTSD symptoms among children. Observational measures of emotional sensitivity as the mediator were not supported. Correlation of parents’ and children’s symptoms is a robust finding, however caution is warranted in attributing children’s PTSD symptoms to insensitive parenting.
      PubDate: 2015-03-31
  • Barriers Preventing Latina Immigrants from Seeking Advocacy Services for
           Domestic Violence Victims: A Qualitative Analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Domestic violence is a national public health problem resulting in numerous deaths, physical injuries, and mental and emotional disorders (Malley-Morrison and Hines 2007). While domestic violence influences communities of all races, socioeconomic statuses, educational levels, and geographical settings (Hass, Dutton, and Orloff 2000), some groups, such as Latina immigrants, are especially vulnerable as they face additional challenges. The purpose of this study is to document, analyze, and report the voices of Latina immigrants in Central Iowa as they share their experiences with outreach services. Through semi-structured individual interviews and a focus group with undocumented Latinas, we examine the multiple challenges faced by this vulnerable population. Our findings reveal that intersecting structural and institutional conditions make it more complicated for Latina victims to respond to partner abuse. Some of the most salient barriers include: unstable residency status, experiences of institutional discrimination, and economic inequality. Policy recommendations and implications are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-03-31
  • Parental Monitoring and Perceptions Related to Juvenile Offenders Who
           Fight and Carry Weapons
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study examined constructs of parents, namely parental monitoring and perceptions, who were accompanying their adolescent child to juvenile court. The Juvenile Offender Parent Questionnaire (JOPQ) was administered to 151 parents/guardians of juveniles between the ages of 13 and 17 being arraigned in juvenile court. Results reveal that parents of weapon carriers and parents of fighters both appear to be exasperated when compared with other parents who were also accompanying their adolescent child to juvenile court. Parents of weapon carriers and parents of fighters report increased exasperation with regard to their child, difficulty in monitoring their child’s behavior, fear of physical harm from their child, and the perception that their child has been exposed to more violence than the comparison group. Further avenues for research and intervention are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-03-20
  • Between Support and Vulnerability: Examining Family Support Among Women
           Victims of Intimate Partner Violence in Mexico
    • Abstract: Abstract Based on a recent survey and six focus groups, we use a mixed methods approach to examine the help-seeking behavior of Mexican female victims of partner violence in law-enforcement agencies and among family members. Support the family provides women is critically examined. The results of the study suggest that families are not always a source of support: 41 % of the women who turned to public authorities did not mention it to their families, and 11 % did not seek help because they feared their families would find out. Formal help-seeking at law-enforcement agencies is the only choice for many Mexican women since family support has a dual nature, positive and negative. Families may further victimize female victims since partner violence against women triggers the contradiction among core familistic values: individual expectations (family obligations and support) might go against family expectations.
      PubDate: 2015-03-17
  • Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence on Substance Use and Depression
           for Women and Men
    • Abstract: Abstract Using data from a nationally representative, longitudinal, and prospective sample of men and women, and controlling for prior involvement in the outcomes and demographic effects, the consequences of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) on substance use and depression were examined over a 3-year period. The results were unexpected. Men in the sample were more likely than women to report the prevalence of minor and violent IPV victimization, whereas women in the sample were more likely than men to report the prevalence of minor and violent IPV perpetration. Additionally, the consequences of IPV were more apparent for male respondents than for female respondents. Implications of these findings are discussed, as are the study’s limitations, and future research directions.
      PubDate: 2015-03-05
  • Patterns in Child–Father Contact after Parental Separation in a
           Sample of Child Witnesses to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the well-documented negative consequences for children experiencing violence perpetrated by their fathers against their mothers, little is known about how characteristics of exposure to violence are related to child–father contact after parental separation. In this study, we (a) describe contact patterns between children and fathers after parental separation and (b) analyze links between patterns of violence and contact in a sample of child witnesses to intimate partner violence in Sweden. Information about 165 children (aged 3–13 years) was obtained from their mothers, who had been subjected to violence by the child’s father. In 60 % of the cases, the parents had joint custody. Results suggest that children without contact with their father have witnessed more violence than children with contact. However, when they do have contact, previous violence against the mother does not correlate either with amount or type of child–father contact. Instead, high socioeconomic status and negotiation skills correlated positively with amount of contact.
      PubDate: 2015-02-26
  • Childhood Sibling Aggression and Emotional Difficulties and Aggressive
           Behavior in Adulthood
    • Abstract: Abstract Preliminary evidence indicates that childhood sibling aggression, the most common form of family violence, might be associated with aggression and emotional difficulties in adulthood. Three hundred twenty-two adult participants, recruited from various sources, completed an online survey retrospectively examining this relationship further. Levels of childhood sibling aggression perpetration and victimization were highly correlated, precluding separate analyses. Significant associations between childhood sibling aggression and adult emotional difficulties and aggression were found, even after controlling for exposure to other forms of family violence and other demographic variables. Neither gender nor reported sibling relationship moderated the childhood sibling aggression and adult difficulties effects. These findings, while mostly exploratory, suggest that greater attention should be paid to childhood sibling aggression.
      PubDate: 2015-02-26
  • Violence Exposure in Young Children: Child-Oriented Routines as a
           Protective Factor for School Readiness
    • Abstract: Abstract Although domestic and community violence exposure has been associated with poor child functioning, protective factors, such as daily routines, may shield children from these negative outcomes. This study investigated whether daily, child-oriented routines moderated the association between exposure to violence and school readiness in preschool-aged children. Eighty-three preschool children completed a test of school readiness, and a primary caregiver completed measures of violence exposure and adherence to daily routines. Results indicated that discipline and daily living routines moderated the association between domestic violence exposure and school readiness. Findings suggest that routines in the home may serve a protective role for young children exposed to violence, but the protective impact was lessened when domestic violence exposure was high.
      PubDate: 2015-02-25
  • The Impact of Internet Crimes Against Children Work on Relationships with
           Families and Friends: An Exploratory Study
    • Abstract: Abstract The work of Internet Crimes against Children (ICAC) taskforces requires frequent viewing of the sexual exploitation of children. We explored how ICAC personnel believe their work impacts their relationships with family members. More than 600 ICAC members were surveyed about their work and how they felt it intersects with their familial relationships. We found that those who described their job as positively affecting their relationships had lower secondary traumatic stress (STS) scores than those who did not. The interaction between gender and STS score was found to be significant in predicting one’s comfort in expressing intimacy with his or her own children. We conclude by discussing how the findings illuminate the intersection between ICAC work and one’s personal life.
      PubDate: 2015-02-25
  • Impacts of a Coparenting-Focused Intervention on Links Between Pre-birth
           Intimate Partner Violence and Observed Parenting
    • Abstract: Abstract Our understanding of the role of preventive interventions in buffering the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mothers’ and fathers’ earliest parenting is limited. Couples (N = 167) in a community sample reported on past-year IPV prenatally and were observed interacting with their 1 year-old children; couples were randomly assigned to an 8-session prevention program designed to improve coparenting or a control condition. Links between mothers’ and fathers’ violence and parenting were largely significant, but only for control group couples. Coparenting did not significantly mediate associations between IPV and parenting among control group couples. This study adds to our understanding of the associations between IPV and early parenting, and has important implications for prevention.
      PubDate: 2015-02-24
  • Domestic Violence Service Providers’ Perceptions of Safety Planning:
           a Focus Group Study
    • Abstract: Abstract Although safety planning is a widespread practice with clients impacted by domestic violence, the research on it is limited. In this article, we present a review of existing literature describing practices and research in order to understand the gaps in the field’s current understanding of safety planning practices. Next, we describe the methodology, findings, and implications of a focus group study that aimed to identify domestic violence service providers’ perspectives toward safety planning. The major themes discussed include safety risks for domestic violence victims; safety planning within the community context; and agency policies, procedures, and forms related to safety planning.
      PubDate: 2015-02-17
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