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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1308 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (243 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (29 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (649 journals)
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    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (156 journals)

CHILDREN AND YOUTH (243 journals)

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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [36 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • The Association between Maternal Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and
           Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Spanish Children and Adolescents
    • Authors: Concepción López-Soler; Mavi Alcántara-López; Maravillas Castro; Julio Sánchez-Meca; Visitación Fernández
      Pages: 135 - 144
      Abstract: This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated with an increase in the probability of the child’s suffering psychopathological problems. The sample consisted of 189 Spanish children aged 6 to 17 and their mothers, recruited from Centers of Specialized Assistance for Women Victims of IPV. The results of a canonical correlation analysis showed that the most significant problems suffered by the children were both externalizing and internalizing ones. In girls, the maltreatment suffered by their mothers was directly related to a larger frequency of somatic complaints than in boys. In addition, physical maltreatment to the mother and emotional maltreatment suffered by the child exhibited a statistically significant relationship with aggressive behaviour, thought problems, rule-breaking behaviour, attention problems, and withdrawn-depressed.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9864-5
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Social Context and Violence Exposure as Predictors of Internalizing
           Symptoms in Mothers and Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Wendy D’Andrea; Sandra Graham-Berman
      Pages: 145 - 155
      Abstract: Family and social environment may play a part in children’s post-violence adjustment. The goal of this paper is to examine which factors are related to internalizing symptoms in mothers and their children exposed to intimate partner violence. Participants were 208 mothers exposed to domestic violence. Mothers responded using the Conflict Tactics Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and other standardized scales. They also reported on their children’s internalizing symptoms using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). For the whole group, children’s CBCL scores were related to higher maternal depression and lower maternal self-esteem. Factors determining internalizing in children varied based upon the child’s race. This study illustrates the importance of factors, such as maternal depression, maternal self-esteem, violence exposure, and social support, in determining whether a child exposed to domestic violence develops internalizing symptoms, and that ecological factors may have different effects on children based on race.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9869-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Gender Role and Gender as Predictors of Behavior Problems in Children
           Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Kathryn E. Smagur; G. Anne Bogat; Alytia A. Levendosky
      Pages: 157 - 168
      Abstract: Children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) are likely to develop behavior problems, but findings are mixed regarding whether girls and boys are differentially affected. Bem (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 634–643, 1975) argued that gender role is an important predictor of mental health, and this relationship may differ for males and females due to societal gender norms. Given the gendered nature of IPV, we examined whether gender role interacted with gender to predict behavior problems in IPV-exposed children (n = 176). Among four-year-old children, gender-typed gender roles were a risk factor for girls but not boys, and androgynous gender roles were protective for both boys and girls on average. However, post hoc analyses indicated the amount of IPV exposure mattered; androgynous girls exposed to chronic IPV had more behavior problems. Results illustrate the importance of societal and family gender norms in determining children’s risk for behavior problems following exposure to IPV.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9890-3
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Young Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence Describe their Abused
           Parent: A Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Karin Pernebo; Kjerstin Almqvist
      Pages: 169 - 178
      Abstract: The negative impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) begins early in the child’s relationship with a caregiver. Children’s relationships with, and internal working models of, abused parents have rarely been documented. The aim of this study was to collect and interpret young children’s accounts of their abused parent. Interviews were conducted with 17 children aged 4 to 12 years who had witnessed IPV. Thematic analysis identified three main themes and seven sub-themes: “Coherent accounts of the parent” (sub-themes of “general benevolence”, “provision of support, protection, and nurture”, and “parental distress”); “Deficient accounts of the parent” (“vague accounts” and “disorganized narrations”); and “The parent as a trauma trigger” (“avoidance” and “breakthrough of intrusive memories and thoughts”). The results indicate these children may hold integrated, deficient, or blocked internal representations of an abused parent, and they illustrate the benefit of including young children as informants in research.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9856-5
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Consideration of Risk and Protective Factors for Families at Risk for
           Child Maltreatment: An Intervention Approach
    • Authors: Leigh E. Ridings; Lana O. Beasley; Jane F. Silovsky
      Pages: 179 - 188
      Abstract: Child maltreatment is associated with a complex interplay of risk and protective factors. Intervention service decisions for child maltreatment need an empirically-supported approach integrating targeted risk and protective factors. A literature review led to the proposed approach to address the interplay between risk (intimate partner violence; IPV and depression) and protective factors (social support and family resources) to help guide decision-making in home-based prevention services for vulnerable families. This approach suggests that social support and family resources are two pivotal protective factors in buffering against child maltreatment potential, while addressing core risk factors. This approach is consistent with research suggesting that home-based parenting programs should target central risk and protective factors in child maltreatment. Application of this approach can guide training of providers delivering home-based services and support decision-making. Future research is warranted to test this approach in empirically-supported interventions.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9826-y
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The Impact of Child Abuse Potential on Adaptive Functioning: Early
           Identification of Risk
    • Authors: Benjamin D. Freer; Ginny Sprang; Debbie Katz; Clarissa Belle; Kelsey Sprang
      Pages: 189 - 196
      Abstract: Previous research has investigated the deleterious effects of child maltreatment on child development; however, little research has examined the development of children who live with caregivers who are at risk of maltreatment on child development outcomes. This study utilized self-report data from caregivers that included the Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI), Parenting Stress Inventory-Short Form (PSI/SF), and Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-2nd Edition (ABAS-II) for 116 children ages 3-12 from a rural, Appalachian community. Caregivers with lower child abuse potential, children who used fewer school services, older children, and caregivers with lower household income had better total adaptive skills. Caregivers with lower child abuse potential, children who used fewer school services and older children had better functioning on the academic skills subscale. Children who used fewer school services, were older, and had lower family income had greater self-care skills. Finally, children who used fewer school services had greater communication skills. Parent-child dysfunction was not related to child development outcomes. The findings demonstrate that educators are in a unique position to intervene and support children at risk of maltreatment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9863-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Victimization and Poly-Victimization in Adolescent Outpatients from Mental
           Health Centers: A Case-Control Study
    • Authors: M. Soledad Álvarez-Lister; Noemí Pereda; Georgina Guilera; Judit Abad; Anna Segura
      Pages: 197 - 205
      Abstract: The aims of the present study were to establish interpersonal victimization rates in a clinical sample and to analyze this sample’s risk of victimization relative to the general population. The sample was composed of 472 adolescents (12–17 years of age): 118 outpatients from public mental health centers and 354 students who were matched by age and sex. Following previous studies, this research defined poly-victimization as four or more victimization types occurring during the previous year. The clinical group was more likely to report sexual victimization (OR = 9.540), conventional crime (OR = 3.120), caregiver victimization (OR = 3.469), witnessing and indirect victimization (OR = 3.466), electronic victimization (OR = 2.809), and poly-victimization (OR = 4.319) compared with the control group. Clinical samples present an increased risk of interpersonal poly-victimization compared with the general population. The influence of poly-victimization on mental health should be considered in the evaluation and treatment of adolescent outpatients.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9831-1
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Parent-Child Agreement on Parent-to-Child Maltreatment
    • Authors: Laura H.C.G. Compier-de Block; Lenneke R.A. Alink; Mariëlle Linting; Lisa J.M. van den Berg; Bernet M. Elzinga; Alexandra Voorthuis; Marieke S. Tollenaar; Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg
      Pages: 207 - 217
      Abstract: Parent-child agreement on child maltreatment was examined in a multigenerational study. Questionnaires on perpetrated and experienced child maltreatment were completed by 138 parent-child pairs. Multi-level analyses were conducted to explore whether parents and children agreed about levels of parent-to-child maltreatment (convergence), and to examine whether parents and children reported equal levels of child maltreatment (absolute differences). Direct and moderating effects of age and gender were examined as potential factors explaining differences between parent and child report. The associations between parent- and child-reported maltreatment were significant for all subtypes, but the strength of the associations was low to moderate. Moreover, children reported more parent-to-child neglect than parents did. Older participants reported more experienced maltreatment than younger participants, without evidence for differences in actual exposure. These findings support the value of multi-informant assessment of child maltreatment to improve accuracy, but also reveal the divergent perspectives of parents and children on child maltreatment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9902-3
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Maternal Childhood Sexual Trauma, Child Directed Aggression, Parenting
           Behavior, and the Moderating Role of Child Sex
    • Authors: B. J. Zvara; R. Mills-Koonce; M. Cox
      Pages: 219 - 229
      Abstract: Using propensity-matched controls, the present study examines the associations between maternal report of child-directed aggression and observed parenting behavior across early childhood for women with and without childhood sexual trauma histories. The moderating role of child sex was also examined. The sample (N = 204) is from a longitudinal study of rural poverty exploring the ways in which child, family, and contextual factors shape development over time. After controlling for numerous factors including child and primary caregiver covariates, findings reveal that childhood sexual trauma is related to sensitive parenting behavior and child-directed aggression. Findings further revealed that child sex moderates the relation between sexual trauma history and maternal behavior towards children. Implications for interventions for mothers with childhood sexual trauma histories and directions for future study are proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9839-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Maternal Childhood Sexual Trauma and Child Conduct Problems
    • Authors: B. J. Zvara; The Family Life Project Key Investigators; R. Mills-Koonce; K. Appleyard Carmody; M. Cox
      Pages: 231 - 242
      Abstract: This study examines multiple pathways by which maternal childhood sexual trauma may be related to the behavioral development of children. Propensity score matching procedures were used to create matched groups (total n = 204) of mothers who retroactively did and did not self-report childhood sexual trauma in a longitudinal sample of families living in poor, rural communities. Using structural equation modeling, maternal characteristics and behaviors were examined as potential mediators of the relationship between maternal histories of childhood sexual trauma and children’s conduct problems. After controlling for numerous socio-demographic factors, analyses indicate that maternal depressive symptoms, intimate partner violence, and maternal parenting were significant mediators and highlight the lasting impact of childhood sexual trauma on victims and their children.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9876-1
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Parent Perceptions of Participating in a Program for Adolescents Who Are
           Violent at Home
    • Authors: Julia R. Correll; Sarah Cusworth Walker; Todd C. Edwards
      Pages: 243 - 255
      Abstract: Child-to-parent abuse (CPA) is an under-addressed form of family violence and relatively few resources are available for families experiencing CPA. The Step-Up program is a CPA-specific, family-level, group format intervention program in King County, Washington. Qualitative and long-term research on CPA intervention programs is lacking, and it is unknown how parents perceive the effects of participating in Step-Up after program completion. Fifteen parents who completed Step-Up with their adolescent child participated in individual semi-structured telephone or in-person interviews. Participants were asked about their perceptions of the effects of Step-Up participation, how they and their child have used skills taught in the program, and which program features were most and least effective. Participants expressed largely positive effects of participating in Step-Up, including decreased violent behavior by their adolescents and improved parent-child relationships. Recommendations for improving Step-Up included the inclusion of follow-up sessions to further reinforce behavior change and increased program accessibility.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9847-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Big Five Personality Traits and Physical Aggression between Siblings in
           South Korea: an Actor-Partner Interdependence Analysis
    • Authors: Jeong Jin Yu; Gum Ok Lim; Wendy C. Gamble
      Pages: 257 - 267
      Abstract: The present study examined actor and partner effects of the Big Five personality traits, assessed by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, on physical aggression within sibling dyadic interactions. Data were collected from 86 target adolescents receiving counseling services, their mothers, and closest-age siblings in South Korea. Mothers rated their children’s personalities. Target adolescents and siblings reported their own personality, as well as their sibling’s and their own perpetration of physical aggression against one another. Substantial self-other (i.e., mother and sibling) agreement was found for personality traits. Both actor and partner effects were found for the negative associations between extraversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness and physical aggression among siblings. The current findings increase our understanding of personality traits implicated in physical aggression in general, and specifically aggression among siblings.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9825-z
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Note from Former Editor-In-Chief for the Journal of Family Violence
    • Authors: Bob Geffner
      Pages: 1 - 1
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9906-z
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Intergenerational Impact of Intimate Partner Violence against Mothers
           on Child Functioning over four Years
    • Authors: Judith McFarlane; Nina M. Fredland; Lene Symes; Weidan Zhou; Ernest N. Jouriles; Mary Ann Dutton; Christopher S. Greeley
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence affects one in three U.S. women. Children often witness the violence. Methods: A 4-year cohort analysis of 300 mother-child dyads used latent growth curve techniques to examine the impact of partner violence on mothers’ and children’s mental health and function over time. The dyads entered the study when the mother sought safe shelter or justice services. Data was collected every four months, 13 times. Results: Four models were derived, each with good fit. Maternal age, Adverse Childhood Events, and ethnicity determined the level of maternal PTSD, depression, and anxiety at baseline. Mothers’ self-efficacy and marginalization determined if maternal mental health symptoms decreased or increased over 4-years. Maternal symptom levels determined if child dysfunctions persisted over time. Conclusion: This analysis provides longitudinal evidence that maternal mental health determines children’s recovery from or persistence of behavioral dysfunctions. Primary prevention and informed referral has the potential to improve child outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9913-8
       
  • Problematic Alcohol and Drug Use and the Risk of Partner Violence
           Victimization among Male and Female College Students
    • Authors: Chiara Sabina; Jennifer L. Schally; Lindsay Marciniec
      Abstract: The current study expands previous research by examining the relationship between problematic alcohol and drug use and partner violence among a large sample of male and female college students and by partitioning out severe victimization for separate analysis. Data came from the International Dating Violence Study and included 4162 students from 19 colleges in the U.S. (69.1% women, 30.9% men). Victimization was measured using the revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2). There was no significant main effect for alcohol use, but analysis of the interaction with gender found that problematic alcohol use was associated with victimization of men. Problematic drug use was associated with physical victimization, injury, severe physical victimization, severe psychological victimization, and severe injury for the overall sample in multivariate models. Interaction effects showed that elevated odds of severe injuries were associated high drug scores for women. Dating violence programs addressing dating violence on campuses are urged to include discussions on drug use and victimization of men.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9907-6
       
  • Perspectives on Regional Differences and Intimate Partner Violence in
           Canada: A Qualitative Examination
    • Authors: Kimberley G. Zorn; Melissa Anne Wuerch; Nichole Faller; Mary Rucklos Hampton
      Abstract: Few studies have examined the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) within rural and northern communities. The current study addressed gaps within the literature by gathering perspectives from community service providers and academic researchers in order to increase understanding about the unique needs of IPV survivors within geographically diverse regions. Interviews were conducted with ten participants from Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta, and Northwest Territories. Interviews focused on the unique needs of IPV survivors within each region, gaps that exist in meeting those needs, as well as questions pertaining to a larger research study entitled, Rural and Northern Community Response to Intimate Partner Violence. Results revealed several core themes relating to the unique challenges faced by IPV survivors within each region, as well as barriers to accessing services within rural and remote communities. Results also highlighted important considerations for future researchers, such as challenges that can arise when conducting research within geographically remote locations. Findings may help inform future development and implementation of services for IPV survivors residing in geographically diverse locations across Canada.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9911-x
       
  • Adverse Childhood Experiences Affect Health Risk Behaviors and Chronic
           Health of Iowans
    • Authors: Jacy C. Downey; Clinton G. Gudmunson; Yuk C. Pang; Kyuho Lee
      Abstract: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), include childhood abuse and household dysfunction, and are associated with a variety of behavioral risk factors and chronic illnesses in adulthood. This study replicates the original ACEs study (Felitti et al. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14(4), 245–258. doi:10.1016/s0749-3797(98)00017-8, 1998) with a representative sample of adults in Iowa. Data come from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey of 2012 when ACE assessments were first introduced in Iowa by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). The majority of adults in Iowa (58%) have experienced at least one ACE, and depending on the type of ACE, co-occurrence of ACEs ranged from 76% to 97%. Health risk behaviors in adulthood, such as drinking, smoking, and obesity were significantly related to the number of ACEs experienced. ACEs were also associated with depression. Chronic health outcomes including heart disease, stroke, and COPD were also significantly predicted by the number of ACEs. This replication study demonstrates that the need for intervention and prevention programs in Iowa are similar to the needs found in other states in the U.S. for addressing the consequences of ACEs.
      PubDate: 2017-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9909-4
       
  • Men and Women’s Perceptions of Justifications of Wife Beating: Evidence
           from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012–13
    • Authors: Faiza Tayyab; Nudrat Kamal; Tahira Akbar; Rubeena Zakar
      Abstract: Pakistani women are vulnerable to all kinds of violence due to the patriarchal setup of society. We examined the justification of wife beating by women and men of reproductive group that comprised of 15–49 years of age by doing secondary data analysis on nationally representative cross- sectional survey data from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2012–13. The analysis was conducted on randomly selected 13,558 ever- married women and 3134 ever- married men representing all the four provinces of Pakistan including Gilgit Baltistan and federal capital Islamabad. The data showed that women justified wife beating more as compared to men. The findings of multivariable logistic regression depicted that women living with partners, having no access to information, lacking autonomy, and no control over income were more likely to justify wife beating while men who did not have access to information were more in favor of this acts. These findings may help in devising strategies to change the mindset regarding justification of wife beating in Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2017-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9910-y
       
  • Alcohol Intoxication Moderates the Association between a Polygenic Risk
           Score and Unprovoked Intimate Partner Aggression
    • Authors: Christa C. Christ; Laura E. Watkins; David DiLillo; Scott F. Stoltenberg
      Abstract: Despite evidence that genetic variation contributes to aggression, few studies have examined how genetic variation contributes to IPA specifically. In the current study, 69 couples from a Midwestern university completed self-report measures of IPA, childhood trauma exposure, and hazardous alcohol use, and were randomly assigned to consume either a placebo or alcohol beverage before participating in an analogue aggression task against their partner. Genetic risk (i.e., association with lower transcriptional efficiency) for aggression was measured with a polygenic risk score (PRS) created from four polymorphisms (HTR1B rs13212041, HTR2B rs6437000, 5-HTTLPR, and MAOA uVNTR). Among individuals with a low PRS, individuals who consumed alcohol (BrAC =0.07%) showed greater unprovoked IPA than individuals who consumed a placebo. Findings contribute to our limited understanding regarding the etiology of IPA and suggest that individuals who have increased transcriptional activity in certain serotonin system genes may be at higher risk of IPA when intoxicated.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9908-5
       
  • Modeling Risk for Intimate Partner Violence among Recent-Era
           Veteran-Partner Dyads
    • Authors: Michelle L. Kelley; VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Workgroup; Hilary G. Montano; Nick Lam; Monica Hernandez; Marinell M. Miller
      Abstract: Using an actor-partner interdependence model, we examined whether veterans’ posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) contributed to partners’ drug abuse symptoms, whether partners’ drug abuse symptoms contributed to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, and whether drug abuse symptoms mediated PTSS-IPV perpetration associations. Participants were recent-era veterans who participated in the Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Post-Deployment Mental Health study. Veterans who took part at one site and their partners (N = 49 couples) completed a follow-up study in which drug abuse symptoms and IPV perpetration were assessed. Veterans’ PTSS contributed to veterans’ drug abuse symptoms. Veterans’ drug abuse symptoms were associated with their IPV perpetration (i.e., an actor effect) and their partners’ IPV perpetration (i.e., a crossover effect). Drug abuse symptoms mediated the association between veterans’ PTSS and partners’ reports of IPV perpetration. Findings suggest complex relationships between PTSS, drug abuse problems and IPV perpetration among these dyads.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9903-2
       
 
 
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