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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [35 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • The Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and Traumatic Brain Injury:
           A Call for Interdisciplinary Research
    • Authors: Gwen Hunnicutt; Kristine Lundgren; Christine Murray; Loreen Olson
      Pages: 471 - 480
      Abstract: An emerging body of research suggests that survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) are at a high risk for sustaining traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, most scholars and practitioners working on the problem of IPV have not examined how TBI could be related to their familiar subject of study. Concomitantly, little work in the brain injury field has been done to examine TBI in the context of IPV. In this paper, we encourage cross-collaboration among these fields. To that end, we consider the relationship between IPV and TBI; the difficulty in detecting and measuring the IPV-related TBI and ethical concerns that may arise when addressing this issue. Our work emphasizes the need to recognize the complex interplay among psycho-physiological health and socio-cultural contexts. As such, we present a socio-ecological perspective of IPV-related TBI to provide a contextual framework to guide future interdisciplinary research. Finally, we outline directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9854-7
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Elements Needed for Quality Batterer Intervention Programs: Perspectives
           of Professionals Who Deal with Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Penelope K. Morrison; Patricia A. Cluss; Elizabeth P. Miller; Rhonda Fleming; Lynn Hawker; Terry Bicehouse; Donna George; Kalem Wright; Judy C. Chang
      Pages: 481 - 491
      Abstract: Batterers intervention programs (BIPs) constitute a primary intervention for perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). There is little understanding as to what elements are necessary for a good intervention program. We conducted 36 individual semi-structured interviews with professionals working with BIPs. Our results yielded three thematic categories: (1) optimal BIP structure—group size and program duration should foster change and interaction, (2) facilitator characteristics—co-facilitation is ideal, and facilitators should have IPV training, and (3) program approaches–programs should challenge their clients on their behavior, promote an environment of safety and openness, and strive to adapt to clients.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9835-x
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Displayed Affective Behavior between Intimate Partner Violence Types
           during Non-Violent Conflict Discussions
    • Authors: Daniel J. Friend; Renay P. Cleary Bradley; John M. Gottman
      Pages: 493 - 504
      Abstract: Little is known about how situationally violent (SV) couples differ from both characterologically violent (CV) and distressed, non-violent (DNV) couples in terms of their displayed affective behaviors during conflict. This study addressed this question by conducting secondary data analysis of two datasets (Jacobson and Gottman 1998 and Bradley et al. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 10(2), 97–116, 2011), examining displayed affective behaviors among these groups. We hypothesized that the SV group would present a midpoint of affect between the other two groups, displaying more negative behaviors than the DNV group, but less than the CV group (and vice versus for positive behaviors). A MANOVA was utilized to compare displayed affective behaviors coded from observational analysis of a conflict discussion. Results show that the SV group displayed more positive and less negative affective behaviors than CV group. Few differences were seen between the SV and DNV groups. This suggests that these two groups are similar in terms of their displayed affective behaviors during conflict.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9870-7
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Modeling Risk for Intimate Partner Violence among Recent-Era
           Veteran-Partner Dyads
    • Authors: Michelle L. Kelley; VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Workgroup; Hilary G. Montano; Nick Lam; Monica Hernandez; Marinell M. Miller
      Pages: 505 - 512
      Abstract: Using an actor-partner interdependence model, we examined whether veterans’ posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) contributed to partners’ drug abuse symptoms, whether partners’ drug abuse symptoms contributed to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, and whether drug abuse symptoms mediated PTSS-IPV perpetration associations. Participants were recent-era veterans who participated in the Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Post-Deployment Mental Health study. Veterans who took part at one site and their partners (N = 49 couples) completed a follow-up study in which drug abuse symptoms and IPV perpetration were assessed. Veterans’ PTSS contributed to veterans’ drug abuse symptoms. Veterans’ drug abuse symptoms were associated with their IPV perpetration (i.e., an actor effect) and their partners’ IPV perpetration (i.e., a crossover effect). Drug abuse symptoms mediated the association between veterans’ PTSS and partners’ reports of IPV perpetration. Findings suggest complex relationships between PTSS, drug abuse problems and IPV perpetration among these dyads.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9903-2
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Exploring Help Seeking Experiences of Male Victims of Female Perpetrators
           of IPV
    • Authors: Andreia Machado; Anita Santos; Nicola Graham-Kevan; Marlene Matos
      Pages: 513 - 523
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common phenomenon worldwide. However, there is a relative dearth of qualitative research exploring IPV in which men are the victims of their female partners. The present study used a qualitative approach to explore how Portuguese men experience IPV. Ten male victims (aged 35–75) who had sought help from domestic violence agencies or from the police were interviewed. Transcripts were analyzed using QSR NVivo10 and coded following thematic analysis. The results enhance our understanding of both the nature and dynamics of the violence that men experience as well as the negative impact of violence on their lives. This study revealed the difficulties that men face in the process of seeking help, namely differences in treatment of men versus women victims. It also highlights that help seeking had a negative emotional impact for most of these men. Finally, this study has important implications for practitioners and underlines macro-level social recommendations for raising awareness about this phenomenon, including the need for changes in victims’ services and advocacy for gender-inclusive campaigns and responses.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9853-8
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Impact of the Mass Media in Changing Attitudes Towards Violence Against
           Women in Bangladesh: Findings from a National Survey
    • Authors: Syeda S. Jesmin; Iftekhar Amin
      Pages: 525 - 534
      Abstract: To date, there have been no nationally representative studies examining the influence of media on norms regarding violence against women (VAW) among the general population. Data for this study came from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys that completed 17,842 interviews with ever-married women. Results of logistic regressions showed that among the three media outlets (TV, radio, and newspaper), only TV had a very small significant effect on women’s attitudes towards VAW (r = .031; p < .01). Community gender norms mediate the effect of television on women’s support of gender equitable norms. Being younger, non-Muslims, educated, living in wealthy households, and having greater autonomy, were significantly associated with greater support for gender equitable norms. Since media did not have substantial influence on gender norms related to VAW, our findings implied that efforts to promote gender norms change in society need to consider other strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9837-8
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Youthful Familicidal Offenders: Targeted Victims, Planned Attacks
    • Authors: Rosa Viñas-Racionero; Louis B. Schlesinger; Mario J. Scalora; John P. Jarvis
      Pages: 535 - 542
      Abstract: A nonrandom national sample of 16 familicides, which involved 19 offenders (ages 14 to 21 years) who either killed or made a serious attempt to kill their families, was studied. The majority of offenders were Caucasian (78.91 %) males (84.21 %) with interpersonal family conflicts due to parental control, substance use, or physical violence. Prior to the murders, 50 % of the offenders reported to others their intent to kill their families. All of the 42 reported victims were specifically targeted and most of the homicides were planned shooting attacks (75 %) rather than spontaneous eruptions. Immediately following the homicides, 75 % of the offenders stole money from their families, and in 50 % of the cases they either called their friends to report the murders or to plan leisure activities. All offenders were immediate suspects and 81.25 % confessed to the homicides. Implications for furthering our understanding of this group of young offenders are offered.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9836-9
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Treating Adult Survivors of Sibling Sexual Abuse: A Relational
           Strengths-Based Approach
    • Authors: John Caffaro
      Pages: 543 - 552
      Abstract: Sibling sexual abuse is a far more common manifestation of family violence than is often recognized. Researchers agree that it has received less attention than other forms of child abuse trauma despite the fact that good evidence suggests it is no less injurious than child sexual abuse when a parent or other adult is the perpetrator. This paper describes a relational, strengths-based approach to psychotherapy with adult survivors of sibling sexual abuse guided by trauma-informed principles. Cultural considerations are discussed as well as an overview of the clinical research on sibling sexual abuse and its harmful effects. Clinical case material, treatment strategies and a case illustration demonstrate therapeutic principles of the approach in action.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9877-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5 (2017)
  • Emerging Innovations, Best Practices, and Evidence-Based Practices in
           Elder Abuse and Neglect: a Review of Recent Developments in the Field
    • Authors: Cynthia Moore; Colette Browne
      Pages: 383 - 397
      Abstract: In this systematic literature review, we identify and describe a number of innovative, best practice, and evidence-based practices, models, and programs in the field of elder maltreatment. A total of 161 abstracts, reports and articles were reviewed using various databases, national organizations, clearinghouses, websites, and other references in journal articles and reports. Review, descriptive, and informational articles were ultimately excluded. Sixty-seven articles met the final criteria: 28 evidence-based practices, 22 best practices, and 17 emerging/innovative practices. Findings provide up-to-date practice approaches and research on elder mistreatment to professionals who work with older adults. We also highlight a number of findings and directions for future research. This article adds to the overall knowledge of current practices to investigate, intervene, and mitigate elder abuse and neglect.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9812-4
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Impact of Child Abuse Severity on Adult Attachment Anxiety and
           Avoidance in College Women: The Role of Emotion Dysregulation
    • Authors: Hannah C. Espeleta; Sarah Palasciano-Barton; Terri L. Messman-Moore
      Pages: 399 - 407
      Abstract: Recent evidence suggests a significant and unique effect of child abuse experiences on attachment-related anxiety and avoidance in adult romantic relationships, although mechanisms underlying this relationship have yet to be identified. The current study examined the relation between three forms of child abuse (sexual, physical, and psychological) severity, emotion dysregulation, and attachment-related anxiety and avoidance among 830 college women. Results indicated that emotion dysregulation significantly mediated the relationship between child abuse severity and attachment-related anxiety and avoidance. Future directions for research and implications for intervention are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9816-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2017)
  • Aspects of Help Seeking among Collegiate Victims of Dating Violence
    • Authors: Hyunkag Cho; Lihua Huang
      Pages: 409 - 417
      Abstract: This study applied Andersen’s model of health service use to help-seeking among collegiate dating violence (DV) victims, and examined factors for help-seeking. A total of 338 students from a Midwest public university were included in the sample. The study results showed many college students experience psychological, physical, sexual and technological violence; substance use is associated with DV; the type of violence experienced is associated with the type of help sources that victims will use; and victims seek help from informal sources more than formal sources. Implications for social work research, practice and policy are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9813-3
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2017)
  • Perspectives on Treating Couples Impacted by Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Nandini Maharaj
      Pages: 431 - 437
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence remains a persistent social and clinical problem with far-reaching effects for families and communities. With considerable debate surrounding its treatment, two main approaches are commonly described in outcome research and clinical practice literature: gender-specific (e.g. male-only groups) and systemic approaches (e.g. conjoint treatment for couples). Proponents of the former approach cite the risks of systemic approaches that unwittingly sustain the oppression of women, while proponents of the latter highlight the importance of addressing reciprocal patterns of violence and cumulative sources of stress upon a couple. In this review, the author describes some of the issues pertinent to this debate, highlighting areas of risk and hope. The combined use of gender-specific and conjoint treatment may be beneficial for some couples under particular circumstances. The paper closes with considerations for conducting conjoint treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9810-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2017)
  • Assessing the Feasibility and Acceptability of Narrative Exposure Therapy
           to Address IPV-related Mental Health in Parenting and Pregnant Adolescents
    • Authors: Ellen M. Volpe; Camille R. Quinn; Kathryn Resch; Valerie Douglas; Catherine Cerulli
      Pages: 439 - 452
      Abstract: Many urban, low-income adolescents experience violence, often resulting in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) facilitates therapeutic processing of traumatic memories. This purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of NET among adolescents at-risk for PTSD and depression. Two community-based agencies hosted five focus groups with adolescents (n = 28), aged 18–21, predominantly African- American (71 %) and female (61 %) and one with adolescent service providers (n = 11). Pope’s coding framework (2000) and the Socio-Ecological Model for violence prevention (Krug et al. in The Lancet, 360(9339), 1083–1088, 2002) elicited perceived barriers and facilitators to NET. Individual, relationship, and community level barriers and facilitators to NET therapy engagement were identified. The findings indicate participants have favorable attitudes about NET and the provision of the therapy within trusted community agencies. The results will inform the next steps of NET implementation, training, and psychoeducation.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9818-y
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2017)
  • Domestic Violence and its Relationship with Quality of Life in Iranian
           Women of Reproductive Age
    • Authors: Sonia Asadi; Mojgan Mirghafourvand; Parisa Yavarikia; Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi; Fariba Nikan
      Pages: 453 - 460
      Abstract: Violence against women is a major concern for public health. This study was conducted in Tabriz (Iran) to investigate domestic violence and its relationship with quality of life in women of reproductive age. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 558 women selected through a two-stage cluster sampling method. Data were collected by Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaires. Negotiation-emotional violence had the highest prevalence (93 %) and severe injury (12 %) had the lowest. There was a significant inverse correlation between chronicity of psychological, physical, sexual and injury domains of domestic violence and quality of life and a significant positive correlation between negotiation-emotional domain and quality of life. There is a significant relationship between domestic violence and quality of life. So, regarding the importance of empowering women and improving their quality of life, we must help eliminate violence against women.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9832-0
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 4 (2017)
  • Pilot Study of a Group-Based Psychosocial Trauma Recovery Program in
           Secure Accommodation in Scotland
    • Authors: Ian Barron; David Mitchell; William Yule
      Abstract: The current study is the first to implement and evaluate a group-based trauma-specific program for adolescents in a secure accommodation facility in Scotland. A randomized control and qualitative pilot study compared an intervention group (n = 10), who received Teaching Recovery Techniques, to a waitlist control group (n = 7). Measures included subjective units of disturbance (SUDs), standardized trauma symptom questionnaires, and analysis of behavior monitoring logs. Adolescent interviews (n = 10) and a presenter focus group (n = 4) assessed program experience and views on future development. Sessions were videoed and analyzed for program adherence. Analysis involved MANOVA, and a quasi-qualitative thematic approach for participant views. Adolescents reported high SUDs and a range of trauma symptoms. A large effect size was found for reduced SUDs (d = 1.10) and positive trends were identified for symptoms and behavior change in the intervention group. Program adaptations included smaller groups, the use of visual materials and liaison with care staff to facilitate generalization. Recommendations are made for program development and large scale evaluation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9921-8
  • Making Connections across 30 Years of Family Violence Research: an
           Introductory Editorial
    • Authors: Rebecca J. Macy
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9923-6
  • Relationship Problems among Men in Treatment for Engaging in Intimate
           Partner Violence
    • Authors: Adam D. LaMotte; Laura A. Meis; Jamie J. Winters; Robin A. Barry; Christopher M. Murphy
      Abstract: Although the content of relationship problems has received considerable study in research on couple adjustment, little of this work has focused on relationship problems among men who engage in intimate partner violence (IPV). Theory and research on IPV indicate that relationship problems are an important contributing factor, and the assessment of relationship problems may prove clinically useful in IPV treatment. With a sample of 589 men presenting for services at an abuser intervention program (AIP), the current study aimed to (1) provide descriptive information about rates of endorsement and problem severity for 30 relationship problems, (2) identify different areas of relationship problems via principal component analysis, and (3) examine bivariate correlations between relationship problems and use of physical IPV, emotional abuse, and relationship satisfaction. Results indicated that poor communication, difficulties over money, constant bickering, lack of trust between partners, and selfishness/lack of cooperation were the most commonly endorsed relationship problems. Principal component analysis identified seven broad areas of relationship problems, including communication/money management, substance use, sexual difficulties, cultural differences, mistrust/jealousy, togetherness, and shared friends/activities. As predicted, the severity of relationship problems was positively associated with IPV and emotional abuse and negatively associated with relationship satisfaction. These findings provide key preliminary information about relationship problems among men in treatment for partner abuse and highlight directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9920-9
  • Bruise Documentation, Race and Barriers to Seeking Legal Relief for
           Intimate Partner Violence Survivors: a Retrospective Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Lauren S. Deutsch; Kathryn Resch; Tiffany Barber; Yoni Zuckerman; Jennifer Thompson Stone; Catherine Cerulli
      Abstract: Documentation of physical injuries from intimate partner violence (IPV) is critically important when a victim seeks legal help. Bruising, a common IPV injury, is often less visible on victims of color. This retrospective qualitative study is focused on IPV survivors’ and service providers’ experiences with the complex interrelationship between IPV injury, bruise documentation, race and legal assistance. Focus group results with a racially diverse group of female IPV survivors and legal service providers indicate that all victims struggle with documenting their bruises, but for women of color, even documentation of visible bruising underrepresents the severity of their IPV injuries. Further, there are a number of social, logistic, and systemic barriers to injury documentation that may make legal relief for IPV difficult for all women, but particularly more difficult for women of color. Proposed solutions to address the gap include, improved documentation techniques, and greater education for legal service providers. Implications for the field of family violence generally and potential future research directions are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9917-4
  • Dyadic Types of Sibling Sexual Coercion
    • Authors: Inês Carvalho Relva; Otília Monteiro Fernandes; Madalena Alarcão
      Abstract: Sibling sexual abuse seems to be the most prevalent form of sexual abuse in the family context. This study used the Sexual Coercion Scale of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales – Sibling Version (Straus et al. 1995) to measure the extent of sibling sexual coercion in a sample of 590 Portuguese university students. Prevalence: 11% of male students and 5% of female students had sexually coerced a sibling in the year when the participant was about 13 years old or in another year. Chronicity: When there was sexual coercion in a sibling relationship, it was perpetrated an average of 22.4 (mean) times by males and 9.1 times by females. Dyadic Concordance Types (DCT’s) revealed that in 26% there was only one perpetrator who was Male-Only, in 19% the perpetrator was Female-Only and more than half (55%) Both coerced. From the perspective of female respondents, in 50% of the cases the perpetrator was a Male-Only, in 31% Female-Only and in 19% Both coerced. Conclusions: Sexual coercion of siblings is probably more frequent than generally realized. Males had higher rates of perpetration, but the percentage of females was substantial. These results suggest a need to expand research to understand the etiology of sibling sexual coercion by females as well as males, understand causes, risk factors and to expand efforts to reduce sexual coercion in sibling relationships.
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9918-3
  • Jail Calls: What Do Kids Have to Do with It?
    • Authors: Amy Bonomi; David Martin
      Abstract: For many domestic violence victims, witness tampering continues throughout an abuser’s detention while awaiting court appearance and sentencing, often via phone calls made from jail. A common question we are asked when leading an investigation and providing expert testimony is how abusers involve their children (directly or indirectly) during jail calls. In this commentary, we use three case examples to illustrate how abusers involve their children (directly or indirectly) to further manipulate and tamper with their victim. As the three case examples illustrate, domestic abusers tend to use similar strategies with children during the jail calls as they do with their primary victim (e.g., minimizing the abuse, calling up images of a broken family due to impending charges and sentencing), and tend to triangulate their children against the victim.
      PubDate: 2017-05-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-017-9919-2
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