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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2210 journals]   [SJR: 0.621]   [H-I: 42]
  • Maltreatment and Advanced Theory of Mind Development in School-aged
    • Abstract: Abstract Theory of mind (ToM), the understanding of people’s beliefs and states of mind underpins effective communication and social relationships throughout life. Plausibly, the experience of being maltreated could delay the child’s development of ToM. However empirical evidence for this is scanty, especially in children age five and over. The present study aimed to fill this void. 105 Australian children were tested on first- and second-order false belief tests and a developmentally-sequenced ToM Scale. Of this sample, 52 children had experienced maltreatment and were receiving therapy and 53 children were matched nonclinic controls. As predicted, controls outperformed the maltreated on first-order changed-locations, misleading container false belief tests, and on an advanced belief-emotion test. Furthermore, maltreatment severity was an independent negative predictor of ToM understanding after controlling other variables. Findings reveal the persistence of problems in understanding others’ minds for maltreated children with implications both for social cognition and for applied interventions.
      PubDate: 2014-12-16
  • Dimensions of Suffering among Old and Young Battered Women
    • Abstract: Abstract This article is a qualitative analysis of the ways in which young and old battered women perceive, understand and experience suffering from violence. The sample included 40 participants, composed of 17 elderly Israeli Jewish women, aged 60 to 84, and 23 younger women, aged 23 to 49. We collected data by in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted with young and old battered women. Content analysis yielded several common themes: Suffering through isolation and control; enduring bodily pain; estrangement, alienation and loneliness in one’s own dwelling; time as a source of suffering; significant; others as a mirror of the self; enduring to emotional suffering; and accumulated life wisdom. These themes constitute the basis for the forthcoming analysis and discussion.
      PubDate: 2014-12-14
  • Reciprocity in Adolescent and Caregiver Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract Over a 2-year period, with assessments every six months, the reciprocity in violent behaviors (verbal and physical) was investigated in a sample of 161 adolescents, who met the criteria for substance or alcohol abuse or dependence, and their caregivers, who participated in a clinical trial for family treatment for adolescent substance abuse. Using observed variables in a structural equation model with panel data, there was very little stability in violent behaviors across time from the perspectives of both the adolescents and caregivers. Evidence for violence reciprocity between adolescent and caregiver was demonstrated toward the end of the study period. The results are discussed in the context of previous literature about adolescent-to-parent violence.
      PubDate: 2014-12-13
  • In Our Voice: Survivors’ Recommendations for Change
    • Abstract: Abstract Seven focus groups with a diverse group of intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors (n = 39) explored how to improve survivor satisfaction, empowerment, and safety related to their court-based experiences. These occurred in three jurisdictions which all supported community coordinated responses to IPV. This paper contributes to the literature by asking survivors about existing service gaps and how helping professionals might enhance court operations. Analysis was conducted using a framework approach based on the socio-ecological model. Findings suggest four areas worthy of improvement: Logistics, Emotional Enhancements, Society’s Perception of IPV, and Court Procedures. The recommendations for change are neither expensive nor complicated; rather, modest changes may result in greater victim satisfaction with the courts.
      PubDate: 2014-12-11
  • Intimate Partner Violence among Latino Women: Rates and Cultural
    • Abstract: Abstract While various forms of intimate partner violence (IPV) within the Latino community have been explored to some extent, the role of immigrant status and acculturation on IPV remains unclear. The current study investigated the lifetime rate of physical, sexual, stalking, and threat IPV, as well as the profile of abuse tactics used against victimized Latino women. Further, the influence of immigrant status, Anglo orientation, Latino orientation, and the interaction of immigrant status and acculturation variables on IPV were examined. Data came from the Sexual Assault Among Latinas (SALAS) study that gathered data from a national sample of Latino women (N = 2,000) via telephone interviews. Results showed 15.6 % of Latino women experienced IPV in their lifetime and threat IPV was the most common form of IPV. Physical, sexual, stalking and threat IPV were all used as abusive tactics in various configurations. Logistic regression analyses showed immigrants were less likely than U.S. born Latino women to experience any IPV and physical IPV. Anglo orientation was associated with increased odds of any IPV and stalking IPV while Latino orientation was associated with decreased odds of all forms of IPV. Furthermore, the protective effect of Latino orientation for stalking IPV was pronounced among immigrants. Together the results show that 1 in 6 Latino women experience IPV and that sociocultural factors such as immigrant status and acculturation are important considerations for this group, underscoring the influence of migration and cultural adaptation to family functioning.
      PubDate: 2014-12-04
  • Predictors and Implications of Intimate Partner Violence Against Married
           Female Youths in Nigeria
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the predictors and implications of intimate partner violence (IPV) against married female youths. Nigeria’s Demographic and Health Survey data are analysed. The results indicate that emotional violence and physical violence are the most reported forms of IPV. Significant predictors of IPV in the sample include age, region, age at first marriage, education, wealth status, number of living children, spouse’s education, jealousy, and alcohol consumption. IPV is significantly associated with ever use of modern contraceptives, unwanted childbirths, and STIs. The results suggest that in order to lessen IPV prevalence and its implications among married female youths, policies to discourage early marriage, promote post primary schooling, and discourage alcohol consumption are imperative.
      PubDate: 2014-12-03
  • All in the Family: A Retrospective Study Comparing Sibling Bullying and
           Peer Bullying
    • Abstract: Abstract Extensive bullying research has primarily focused on activities between peers in school settings, but some evidence suggests bullying may occur in other situations. If so, other contexts could potentially benefit from the wealth of peer bullying research. A sample of 392 young adults answered questions about their experiences with sibling and peer bullying behaviors. Participants also provided responses concerning a sibling or peer vignette that focused on reporting bullying behaviors. Results indicated that participants view bullying behaviors between peers and siblings as somewhat similar, but sibling bullying behaviors compared to peer bullying behaviors are reported to be perpetrated and experienced more often. When considering a hypothetical situation such sibling bullying behaviors, however, are less likely to be reported outside the family than peer bullying behaviors. Additionally, females are more likely than males to report outside the family. Participants who had more prior involvement in bullying are less likely to say they would report the described sibling bullying behaviors. Considering sibling bullying may not be thought of as bullying and may not be reported outside the family, implications for policy and future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-12-02
  • Security in Father-child Relationship and Behavior Problems in Sexually
           Abused Children
    • Abstract: Abstract While the influence of mother-child relationships on children’s recovery following sexual abuse has been documented, less is known about the possible contribution of father-child relationships on outcomes. The present study explored the contribution of children’s perception of security in their relationship to the father on internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, while controlling for socio-demographic variables and variables associated with the mother-child relationship. Participants were 142 children who disclosed sexual abuse involving a perpetrator other than the biological father. Regression analyses indicated that children’s perception of security to fathers contributed to the prediction of parental reports of children’s behavior problems, even after controlling for maternal psychological distress and perception of security to mothers.
      PubDate: 2014-11-29
  • Guardians Against Spousal Violence? A Case for Considering Motive
    • Abstract: Abstract The current study examines the applicability of the routine activity factor, of guardianship, to intimate partner violence. In so doing, it expands the range of routine activity theory to better accommodate different types of crime and challenges the original theoretical notion of simply “assuming” motivated offenders (Cohen and Felson, American Sociological Review, 44, 588–604 1979). Findings from the National Violence and Threats of Violence Against Women & Men in the U.S., 1994–1996 (Tjaden and Thoennes 1998) survey indicate routine activity principles such as guardianship may be useful in understanding the risk of intimate violence, but that the effects of guardianship depend on the motive for the violence. Implications for research and theory are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-11-26
  • Trends in Intimate Partner Violence Services Provided by Substance Abuse
           Treatment Facilities: Findings from a National Sample
    • Abstract: Abstract Facilities treating substance abuse problems have a unique opportunity to provide services related to intimate partner violence (IPV). This study investigated the percentage of substance abuse treatment facilities that offer IPV related services among a sample of over 10,000 treatment facilities. Characteristics of treatment facilities that do versus do not offer IPV services were also examined. Survey questions from the 2011 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (NSSATS) were analyzed. Only a minority of facilities offered IPV related services (38.4 %). Additionally, compared to facilities not providing IPV services, those providing such services differed on many notable characteristics, such as gender of clients accepted into the program (programs focused on adult women were more likely to offer IPV services), facility location (IPV services offered more in the Western United States), and facility ownership (IPV services offered more in facilities owned by tribal governments).
      PubDate: 2014-11-26
  • Perceptions of Psychological and Physical Aggression Between Heterosexual
    • Abstract: Abstract The present research examines the impact of type of aggression (physical/ psychological) and type of dyad (male aggressor/ female victim and female aggressor/ male victim) on perceptions of a conflict scenario and its combatants. Participants read scenarios depicting a conflict between a married heterosexual couple and reported their impressions of the aggressiveness of the encounter and of the aggressor and victim. Physical aggression was evaluated more negatively (both in terms of the encounter and its combatants) than psychological aggression. Male to female violence was judged more harshly (both in terms of the aggressiveness of the encounter and impressions of the combatants) than female to male violence. Study 2 extended Study 1, assessing the relationship of experience with physical and psychological aggression on perceptions. The results from Study 1 were replicated. Contrary to predictions, experience with physical and psychological aggression did not consistently relate to perceptions of these types of aggression.
      PubDate: 2014-11-25
  • Exploring the Indirect Effect of Preference Discrepancy on Intimate
           Partner Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract Preference discrepancy is the difference between partners’ ideal and real relationship, and is assumed to have a negative effect on the relationship. This study examines its effect on psychological and physical intimate partner violence perpetration and victimization, and hypothesizes this effect will be mediated through relationship satisfaction, communication quality and/or conflict resolution ability. A sample of 156 respondents participated in this study. Bias-corrected bootstrap analyses revealed indirect effects of preference discrepancy on psychological and physical violence victimization through conflict resolution. People with high preference discrepancy scores report lower conflict resolution abilities, and in turn, higher victimization rates. There was also a significant total effect of preference discrepancy on physical violence perpetration, suggesting high preference discrepancy increases the chance of using physical violence against one’s partner. Further investigation is thus recommended, to assess if preference discrepancy could function as an additional anchor in the prevention of IPV within couples.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Poly- and Distinct- Victimization in Histories of Violence Against Women
    • Abstract: Abstract We report results from pre-testing an Europe-wide Survey on Violence against Women. A questionnaire on women’s experiences of stalking, harassment, psychological, physical, and sexual violence by non-, ex-, and current partners was tested on 10 known victims of violence in intimate relations and 20 randomly selected women. Multiple Correspondence Analysis uncovered two profiles of victimization: women poly-victimized in multiple life ambits and women distinctly victimized in only some of them. Known-victims of intimate partner’s violence (IPV) were more likely to be poly-victimized than randomly selected women. Heterogeneity in women’s socio-economic conditions could only partly account for IPV’s over-representation among poly-victimized women. This gave more credence to an interpretation that highlights the role played by previous traumatic experiences of victimization on re-victimization.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Intimate Partner Violence Against Married Women in Uganda
    • Abstract: Abstract This study utilized data from the 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey to examine correlates of the lifetime experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) against married women in Uganda. Guided by an integrated theoretical framework that synthesizes resource and gender theories, five hypotheses are developed and tested concerning three major forms of IPV: (a) physical violence, (b) emotional or psychological violence, and (c) sexual violence. Results from multivariate statistical analyses indicate that although both the resource and gender factors are significant predictors of the lifetime experience of IPV among married Ugandan women, the gender factors appear to be more systematic and robust than the resource factors in predicting IPV in Uganda. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Examination of Illicit Drug Use Frequency Using Multiple Drug Assessment
           Methods in Mothers Referred to Treatment by Child Protective Services
    • Abstract: Abstract It has long been established that illicit drug use contributes to child maltreatment. However, investigators have yet to comprehensively examine illicit drug use in mothers referred to treatment by Child Protective Services (CPS). In this study, 77 mothers who were referred to treatment by CPS for co-existing drug abuse and child neglect were administered the Timeline Follow-Back measure to assess their substance use frequency during the four months preceding treatment. Reports of the mothers’ substance use were obtained for the same time period from the mothers’ significant others and CPS caseworkers, and mothers were administered urinalysis testing. The purpose of this study was to examine the concordance of these multiple reports, and identify unique predictors of different drug use reporting patterns. The practice of using urinalysis results as a prompt during the mothers’ Timeline Follow-Back administration may have contributed to greater frequency of drug use reporting in mothers. Mothers reported progressively more drug use for more distant time periods, as compared with caseworkers. Findings also suggested mothers’ reports of drug use were influenced by CPS investigatory case status (i.e., open or closed), ethnicity, and defensive responding. Implications of these findings for clinical practice and future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-29
  • Acknowledgement of Reviewers for 2014
    • PubDate: 2014-10-21
  • An Evaluation of Hawaii’s Healthy Start Program Using Child Abuse
           Hospitalization Data
    • Abstract: Abstract This retrospective study had a twofold focus: (1) to assess the utility of a perinatal screening and assessment protocol for identifying families with an elevated child maltreatment risk and (2) to assess the effectiveness of an intensive home visitation program designed to prevent severe maltreatment. Among 15,864 families screened and assessed for child maltreatment risk, elevated risk was identified in 4,464 families, 1,738 of whom received intensive home visiting services and 2,728 who did not. Subsequently, data on hospitalizations with a child maltreatment diagnosis were used as outcome measures. Among the 1,738 served by home visitors, there were five hospitalized cases of child maltreatment; among the 2,278 families not served, there were 34 cases. The results of chi squared analyses suggest that the screening and assessment protocol successfully differentiates between families with greater and lesser degrees of risk for maltreatment and that hospitalization occurred significantly more often among unserved families (p = <.001).
      PubDate: 2014-10-16
  • Fatal Families: Why Children are Killed in Familicide Occurrences
    • Abstract: Abstract This literature review attempts to identify the underlying factors and commonalities regarding the killing of children in occurrences of familicide (wherein the entire family is slain by a family member). Numerous journal and newspaper articles were reviewed to glean information regarding similarities in victim families, the breakdown of the family prior to the incident of familicide, and the degree of pre-meditation by the perpetrator. This information is then used to discuss and inform possible implications in counselling such as assessment, prevention, and grief and loss therapy as well as directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2014-10-09
  • Work-Family Conflict and Intimate Partner Violence in the South Korean
           Military: Mediating Role of Aggression and Buffering Effect of a
           Counseling Resource
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of the current study was to identify the relationship between work-family conflict (WFC) and intimate partner violence (IPV) among military personnel, and verify the mediating role of aggression and buffering effect of a counseling resource. A total of 293 married Korean Air Force personnel were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire; their responses were analyzed with a structural equation model. The major findings were that 36.9 % of respondents have perpetrated IPV, the prevalence of verbal violence was 33.4 % and physical violence was 16.0 %. Aggression mediated the important part of the association between WFC and IPV. Also, presence of a counseling resource attenuated the relationship between WFC and aggression. The findings suggest that it is necessary for the military to build a personnel counseling system to prevent spouse abuse, develop professional counseling services, and accurately identify aggression tendencies among military personnel.
      PubDate: 2014-09-21
  • Child Abuse, Social Support, and Social Functioning in African American
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined the relationship among child abuse (physical, emotional, and sexual), social support from friends and family, and social functioning in a sample of low-income African American children (N = 152). With the exception of the association between sexual abuse and peer support, all of the correlations among study variables were significant. The relationship between child physical and emotional abuse and social functioning were mediated by both family and peer support; however, only family (not peer) support was a significant mediator in the sexual abuse-social functioning link. Additionally, there was no difference found in the strength of mediation via family support versus peer support. Results suggest that mental health professionals should inquire about and attempt to increase children’s levels of social support from family and peers when working with abused youth in order to promote healthy psychological and psychosocial outcomes.
      PubDate: 2014-09-20
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