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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [35 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Risk Factors for Women’s Intimate Partner Violence Victimization: An
           Examination from the Perspective of the Schema Therapy Model
    • Authors: Nermin Taşkale; Gonca Soygüt
      Pages: 3 - 12
      Abstract: This study attempted to examine risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization against women in terms of the schema therapy model (STM). Seventy-nine shelter-residing female IPV victims and 78 married female IPV non-victims participated in the study. The Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form, the Young Parenting Inventory, the Young Compensation Inventory, and the Young Avoidance Inventory were used. The results revealed that being young and having low income were risk factors for IPV victimization. Paternal parenting style was also found to be a further risk factor in addition to demographic variables. Further, the endorsement of disconnection and the unrelenting standards schema domains presented further information predicting IPV victimization above and beyond demographic variables and parenting styles. Maladaptive coping styles did not reveal themselves as maintenance factors for IPV victimization when the information gathered from demographic variables, parenting styles, and schema domains is taken out. The results are discussed in terms of the STM.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9855-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Effect of Enabling Resources and Risk Factors on the Relationship between
           Intimate Partner Violence and Anxiety in Ever-Married Women in Minya,
    • Authors: Annum K. Shaikh; Bradley Pearce; Kathryn M. Yount
      Pages: 13 - 23
      Abstract: The effect of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health remains understudied in the Arab world. Using data from 608 ever-married women in rural Minya, Egypt who took part in the 2005 Egypt Demographic Health Survey (EDHS) and a 2012 follow-up survey, we assessed how a woman’s enabling resources and risk factors influenced the association of her exposure to IPV with her generalized anxiety. Results from multivariate regression models showed that proximity to natal kin, prior schooling, and engagement in market work 12 months before marriage had protective effects on generalized anxiety associated with IPV. Childhood abuse from mother also had a protective effect on this relationship. Similar abuse from the brother exacerbated the effects of anxiety when a woman was exposed to IPV. Empowerment programs can encourage women to attend school and engage in market or subsistence work, while suggesting strategies to improve the relationship of women with natal kin.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9848-5
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Examining the Impact of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Related to Intimate
           Partner Violence on Antenatal, Intrapartum and Postpartum Women: A Scoping
    • Authors: Kimberley T. Jackson; Tara Mantler
      Pages: 25 - 38
      Abstract: We undertook a comprehensive scoping review of published academic articles to examine the extent, range and nature of research related to the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among childbearing women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Fifty-five sources were identified from the electronic databases and two additional sources were identified after searching reference lists. Among the 57 articles, five met the inclusion criteria of childbearing women who have experienced IPV and PTSD. Numerical analysis revealed considerable heterogeneity among articles, with various aims, methodological approaches, patient populations and outcomes of interest. Inductive thematic content analysis revealed three themes: (1) context; (2) outcomes; and (3) changes in practice. The findings from this first attempt at summarizing literature via a scoping review demonstrate the need for additional research related to: identification of, treatment interventions for, and understanding the mechanisms of impact for IPV related PTSD among childbearing women.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9849-4
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Attentive Surveillance: A Preliminary Study of Prioritizing Mothering
           Standards in the Face of Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Kelly M. Bentley
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: A retrospective qualitative constant comparative analysis of the stories of English speaking women (N==22) who mothered children age 6 or under, while experiencing abuse at the hands of a male partner, was conducted. The emergent theory of Attentive Surveillance (AS), a vital, proactive, complex process of monitoring and prioritizing, was identified. Two non-linear and interrelated stages emerged. One, Understanding Circumstances (UC) is a gradual increase of awareness that the family environment and a woman’s ability to achieve her mothering standards are affected by her partner’s behavior. The second stage, Prioritizing Standards (PS), is a deliberate or a subconscious balancing act of assessing needs, adapting, and ranking mothering standards while still mothering as close to the original standards as possible. Recommendations for professionals, based on AS, in supporting mothers existing capacities to foster mother-child relationships and healthy child outcomes in the context of intimate partner violence are provided.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9871-6
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Women’s Knowledge of the Domestic Violence Legislation in Erbil, Iraq
           and their Response to Spousal Violence
    • Authors: Intisar A. Malik; Nazar P. Shabila; Tariq S. Al-Hadithi
      Pages: 47 - 53
      Abstract: This study assessed the knowledge of 82 married women about existing legislations and law enforcement structure in Iraqi Kurdistan region to combat violence against women and women’s response to spousal violence. A female physician interviewed the participants using a specially designed questionnaire. The women possessed good knowledge about the presence of legislation (76.8 %) and related law enforcement structure (70.7 % to 74.4 %) to combat violence against women, but they lacked adequate knowledge about how to contact the law enforcement agencies. Women’s response to spousal violence primarily included self-defense (37.8 %) or keeping silent (26.8 %), rather than seeking justice (4.9 %). Women’s educational status was positively associated with reporting violence to police (52.1 % vs 29.4 %, p = 0.041) and the health staff (62.5 % vs 35.3 %, p = 0.015). Further research is needed to explore the reasons behind women’s poor knowledge of the details of the existing law enforcement structure and women’s reluctance to seek justice.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9829-8
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Evaluation of Effectiveness of Health Services Training Given with
           Different Methods in Combating of Intimate Partner Violence against Women:
           A Pilot Study
    • Authors: Sena Kaplan; Nuran Komurcu
      Pages: 69 - 77
      Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of health services training provided with different methods in combating of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women. The intervention group of the study consisted of 132 healthcare workers (HCW) and 249 HCWs in the control group. According to the result of study, training given to the intervention group was more effective in increasing the knowledge level, compared to the control group. Furthermore, comparison of the HCWs in the intervention group with the control group revealed that the attitudes towards emotional, psychological and sexual violence and justifying myths changed positively. In this scope, it can be said that intervention training was effective in terms of improving knowledge and attitude on IPV. However, it is determined that the training given to both groups was inefficient in terms of turning into behaviour.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9834-y
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Mining Electronic Health Records Data: Domestic Violence and Adverse
           Health Effects
    • Authors: Gunnur Karakurt; Vishal Patel; Kathleen Whiting; Mehmet Koyutürk
      Pages: 79 - 87
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) often culminates in acute physical injury, sexual assault, and mental health issues. It is crucial to understand the healthcare habits of victims to develop interventions that can drastically improve a victim’s quality of life and prevent future abuse. The objective of this study is to mine de-identified and aggregated Electronic Health Record data to identify women’s health issues that are potentially associated with IPV. In this study we compared health issues of female domestic abuse victims to female non-domestic abuse victims. The Domestic abuse population contained 5870 patients, while the Non-Domestic Abuse population contained 14,315,140 patients. Explorys provides National Big Data from the entire USA. Statistical analysis identified 2429 terms as significantly more prevalent among victims of domestic abuse, compared to the general population. These terms were classified into broad categories, including acute injury, chronic conditions, substance abuse, mental health, disorders, gynecological and pregnancy related problems.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9872-5
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2017)
  • Modeling Risk for Intimate Partner Violence among Recent-Era
           Veteran-Partner Dyads
    • Authors: Michelle L. Kelley; VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Workgroup; Hilary G. Montano; Nick Lam; Monica Hernandez; Marinell M. Miller
      Abstract: Using an actor-partner interdependence model, we examined whether veterans’ posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) contributed to partners’ drug abuse symptoms, whether partners’ drug abuse symptoms contributed to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, and whether drug abuse symptoms mediated PTSS-IPV perpetration associations. Participants were recent-era veterans who participated in the Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Post-Deployment Mental Health study. Veterans who took part at one site and their partners (N = 49 couples) completed a follow-up study in which drug abuse symptoms and IPV perpetration were assessed. Veterans’ PTSS contributed to veterans’ drug abuse symptoms. Veterans’ drug abuse symptoms were associated with their IPV perpetration (i.e., an actor effect) and their partners’ IPV perpetration (i.e., a crossover effect). Drug abuse symptoms mediated the association between veterans’ PTSS and partners’ reports of IPV perpetration. Findings suggest complex relationships between PTSS, drug abuse problems and IPV perpetration among these dyads.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9903-2
  • Self-Defense, Retaliation, and Gender: Clarifying Motivations for Physical
           Partner Violence
    • Authors: Penny A. Leisring; Hannah L. Grigorian
      Pages: 949 - 953
      Abstract: The motivations behind intimate partner violence (IPV) have been a controversial topic. It has been suggested that women’s use of IPV mainly occurs in the context of self-defense (Saunders 1986). However, men also report perpetrating IPV in self-defense (Harned 2001; Makepeace 1986). This article differentiates self-defense from retaliation and reviews findings regarding these motives for perpetrators of IPV. Self-defense motives are common among battered women; however, undergraduates and arrested perpetrators often report other motives. Women do not consistently report using violence in self-defense more than men do. Clinical and research implications are discussed and existing self-defense measures are critiqued.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9874-3
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 8 (2016)
  • Access to Legal Services in Women’s Shelters
    • Authors: Alysia C. Wright; Lorne D. Bertrand
      Abstract: This study examines access to legal services among clients of three Calgary-area domestic violence shelters. The study samples the views of staff and clients at three domestic violence shelters with the goals of improving understanding of clients’ legal service needs, understanding the challenges clients attempting to access legal services encounter and making recommendations for improvement. The authors conclude that clients’ service needs are complex and often involve legal problems, yet shelters face specific organizational barriers to coordinating legal services. The authors recommend that a further analysis be undertaken to examine the legal access patterns of women experiencing domestic violence, to assess the prevalence of the barriers identified in the study and to determine whether further barriers are present in other shelters.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9901-4
  • The Influence of Victim Vulnerability and Gender on Police Officers’
           Assessment of Intimate Partner Violence Risk
    • Authors: Jennifer E. Storey; Susanne Strand
      Abstract: This study investigated the influence of victim vulnerability factors and gender on risk assessment for intimate partner violence (IPV). 867 cases of male and female perpetrated IPV investigated by Swedish police officers using the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER) were examined. For male-to-female IPV, victim vulnerability factors were associated with summary risk judgments and risk management recommendations. For female-to-male IPV, vulnerability factors were more often omitted, and consistent associations were not found between vulnerability factors, summary risk judgments, and risk management. Results indicate that B-SAFER victim vulnerability factors can assist in assessing male-to-female IPV risk. Further research is necessary to examine the use of B-SAFER victim vulnerability factors for female-to-male IPV, as results showed victim vulnerability factors to be less relevant to officers’ decision making, particularly their management recommendations. However, several variables external to the B-SAFER, such as the availability of management strategies may account for these findings.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9905-0
  • Note from Former Editor-In-Chief for the Journal of Family Violence
    • Authors: Bob Geffner
      PubDate: 2016-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9906-z
  • Parent-Child Agreement on Parent-to-Child Maltreatment
    • Authors: Laura H.C.G. Compier-de Block; Lenneke R.A. Alink; Mariëlle Linting; Lisa J.M. van den Berg; Bernet M. Elzinga; Alexandra Voorthuis; Marieke S. Tollenaar; Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg
      Abstract: Parent-child agreement on child maltreatment was examined in a multigenerational study. Questionnaires on perpetrated and experienced child maltreatment were completed by 138 parent-child pairs. Multi-level analyses were conducted to explore whether parents and children agreed about levels of parent-to-child maltreatment (convergence), and to examine whether parents and children reported equal levels of child maltreatment (absolute differences). Direct and moderating effects of age and gender were examined as potential factors explaining differences between parent and child report. The associations between parent- and child-reported maltreatment were significant for all subtypes, but the strength of the associations was low to moderate. Moreover, children reported more parent-to-child neglect than parents did. Older participants reported more experienced maltreatment than younger participants, without evidence for differences in actual exposure. These findings support the value of multi-informant assessment of child maltreatment to improve accuracy, but also reveal the divergent perspectives of parents and children on child maltreatment.
      PubDate: 2016-12-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9902-3
  • Why do they Stay? Examining Contributing Factors to Women’s Length of
           Stay in a Domestic Violence Shelter
    • Authors: Monica Perez-Trujillo; Eric Quintane
      Abstract: Previous research in the domestic violence literature suggests that the longer women remain in shelters, the more likely they are to benefit from their stay. However, we know little about the factors that influence women’s length of stay in shelters. This study examines demographic data, abuse history, situational needs, and contextual factors in a sample of 210 women accessing a Domestic Violence shelter in Bogota (Colombia) from 2010 to 2012. Results showed that the women’s level of education, level of needs, and the extent to which needs are met, were associated with increased length of stay. The findings contribute to the discussion on the services that could be offered to survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) accessing shelters.
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9904-1
  • Erratum to: Pushing the Paradigm: Addressing Controversies over LGBTQ
           Intimate Partner Violence?
    • Authors: C. E. B. Cannon; F. P. Buttell
      PubDate: 2016-11-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9900-5
  • Spousal Violence against Working Women in India
    • Authors: Chaiti Sharma Biswas
      Abstract: Violence against women, especially spousal violence is a common phenomenon in India which is significantly increasing over the years. In the name of socialization, male dominated orthodox Indian society raises girls to endure male aggression without protest. Indian social norms within this conservative environment discourage women’s employment; consequently, employed women are subjected to more abuse compared to their unemployed counterparts. The current study, based on the National Family Health Survey data, documents the nature and extent of spousal violence against married employed women across job categories. The study reveals that the majority of employed women are skilled or unskilled manual workers, and most of them are subjected to spousal violence. Furthermore, higher category jobs do not protect women from spousal violence. Women’s empowerment, higher education and/or occupation compared to their partner, and partner’s alcoholism further induce cruelty on employed women. However, standard of living and a husband having a comparatively better job are found to reduce spousal violence.
      PubDate: 2016-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9889-9
  • Attitudinal Acceptance of and Experiences with Intimate Partner Violence
           among Rural Adults
    • Authors: Laura M. Schwab-Reese; Lynette M. Renner
      Abstract: There is little research on the associations between acceptance of and experiences with intimate partner violence (IPV) in rural samples, which may be different from associations in urban areas due to the higher prevalence of IPV in rural areas and the social and physical environment issues related to seeking help. The purpose of our study was to determine the proportion of participants who reported accepting male- and female-perpetrated IPV and the associations between experiences of IPV and acceptance of IPV. Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey of rural residents in one Midwest state. Approximately 4 % of participants reported it is ever acceptable for a male to hit his partner. Approximately 20 % of males and 12 % of females reported it is ever acceptable for a female to hit her partner. A higher proportion of individuals who were victims or perpetrators of IPV reported accepting retaliatory IPV (i.e., when partner hits first) perpetrated by individuals of their own gender. This finding suggests the previously reported high rates of bidirectional IPV in rural areas may be fueled by this acceptance of physical retaliation. Interventions to break this cycle of IPV may be guided by qualitative research into the specific ways the rural environment contributes to acceptance of retaliatory aggression.
      PubDate: 2016-11-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9895-y
  • Acknowledgment of Reviewers for Volume 31
    • PubDate: 2016-10-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9892-1
  • The Controversy Concerning the Validity of the Asymmetry Thesis for
           Physical Partner Violence: A Pilot Study
    • Authors: Wafa Sowan-Basheer; Zeev Winstok
      Abstract: The article addresses the controversy concerning the validity of the asymmetry thesis for physical partner violence (PV) expressed by the feminist paradigm, which for years has been stumping the field’s development. This paradigm links structural inequality between men and women in society with man-to-woman physical violence in intimate relationships. The asymmetry thesis received insufficient direct in-depth empirical examination, and most of the discussion focuses on the ratio of male and female use of physical PV. The article proposes a direct research of the link between patriarchal conservativism/egalitarian liberalism and physical violence by men and women in intimate relationships. Such studies, which directly explore the core issue, not only advance the controversy towards solution but promote better understanding of and effective intervention in PV as well. To demonstrate the proposed approach, a pilot study is reported, comparing men and women’s physical PV rates among three Israeli sample populations with distinct characteristics: liberal/egalitarian secular Jews, religious and ultra-orthodox patriarchal/conservative Jews, and patriarchal/conservative Muslims. The findings of the pilot study repudiate the sweeping validity of the asymmetry thesis for PV and encourage further examination of it using the proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2016-10-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9893-0
  • The Social Construction of Roles in Intimate Partner Violence: Is the
           Victim/Perpetrator Model the only Viable one?
    • Authors: Zvi Eisikovits; Benjamin Bailey
      Abstract: An ongoing discussion in the partner violence (PV) literature exists concerning the respective roles of perpetrator and victim. Most of it is gender based. The classical feminist argument is that women are victims of the violence and this is sustained by the social perception of them as victims. More recently increased recognition of mutual violence has taken place, calling into question the gender-based victim/perpetrator model. Recent research further calls into question this role differentiation through findings indicating that a majority of the protagonists in the PV drama view themselves as victims. A corollary to this controversy is that whether a man or a woman is the victim, the principal client in conventional intervention with PV is the woman. This paper will argue that the relevancy of gender-based role differentiation for most PV cases is not supported by recent data, and that incorporating an interactive perspective enables a more complex view than the classical victim/perpetrator one, and may improve our practice with PV populations.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9879-y
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