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Journal Cover Journal of Family Violence
  [SJR: 0.639]   [H-I: 56]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2851 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7482
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2336 journals]
  • Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and their Social,
           School, and Activities Competence: Latent Profiles and Correlates
    • Authors: Shelby Elaine McDonald; Rosalie Corona; Anna Maternick; Frank R. Ascione; James Herbert Williams; Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
      Pages: 849 - 864
      Abstract: Abstract This study examined patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure and three domains of competence among 288 children recruited from community-based domestic violence agencies. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was performed to identify subgroups of children who differed based on levels of social, academic, and extracurricular competence and exposure to IPV. Five distinct latent profiles were identified: Frequent IPV Exposure-Low Activity Competence (39 % of children), Frequent IPV Exposure-Average Global Competence (31 % of children), Frequent IPV Exposure-High Global Competence (13 % of children), Low IPV Exposure-Compromised School Competence (11 % of children), and Low IPV Exposure-Compromised Global Competence (6 % of children). Covariates distinguished between the profiles (e.g., yearly household income, maternal education, number of children in the household) and the groups were characterized by statistically significant mean differences in total behavior problems. Implications for future research and community-based preventive intervention efforts are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9846-7
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 7 (2016)
  • Intimate Partner Violence in the African American Community: Risk, Theory,
           and Interventions
    • Authors: Shareefah N. Al’Uqdah; Casilda Maxwell; Nicholle Hill
      Pages: 877 - 884
      Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is devastating to individuals, families, and communities. IPV is considered the most prevalent type of violence in families (Owen et al. in Journal of Family Violence, 24(7), 433–445. doi:10.1007/s10896-009-9239-2, 2009; Williams et al. in Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 16(3), 296–310. doi:10.1080/10926770801925726, 2008a). Unfortunately, IPV occurs far too frequently within African American families. Research suggests that African Americans are more likely to report experiencing IPV than any other racial groups (Bent-Goodley in Health & Social Work, 29(4), 307–316, 2004; Hampton and Gelles in Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 25, 105–119, 1994; Rennison and Welchans 2000). Despite this, there is a paucity of research that highlights the specific factors that may contribute to the high rates of IPV within the African American community. This article will explore the risk factors associated with IPV in this, while highlighting the way in which psychoanalytic theory can be used to understand these rates. Treatment approaches that use a multicultural framework will also be discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9819-x
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 7 (2016)
  • Autobiographical Memory Impairment in Female Victims of Intimate Partner
    • Authors: Sophie Billoux; Christophe Arbus; Norbert Telmon; Virginie Voltzenlogel
      Pages: 897 - 902
      Abstract: Abstract Although the health consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV) have been amply described, as of yet, no study has focused on autobiographical memory (AM), despite the fact that AM dysfunction has been shown to have an impact on everyday life. We assessed AM using a cue-word task in 25 female victims of IPV and 22 control women who had never been exposed to a traumatic event. The IPV group also completed measures of psychotraumatic symptoms. AM was impaired in the IPV victims. When the effect of cue-word valence was analyzed, decreased AM specificity was observed with negative cue-words. This exploratory study demonstrates AM dysfunction among female victims of IPV for the first time. The pattern is consistent with the AM impairment observed in victims of traumatic events.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9838-7
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 7 (2016)
  • A Tribute to Murray A. Straus
    • Authors: Emily M. Douglas
      Abstract: Abstract This article offers a brief tribute to the father of the field of family violence, Murray A. Straus, Ph.D. Murray spent the bulk of his career at the University of New Hampshire, where he studied partner violence, corporal punishment, developed the Conflict Tactics Scales, and mentored thousands of students, post-doctoral research fellows, and colleagues alike. His productivity and the significant impact that he had on the field and the public at large, in addition to his warmth and good humor, are noted here.
      PubDate: 2016-10-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9891-2
  • Current Controversies Concerning Gender Differences in Perpetration of
           Physical Partner Violence
    • Authors: Zeev Winstok; Murray A. Straus
      Abstract: Abstract The article provides a general background for this special issue, describing its starting point and goals, and their implementation guidelines.
      PubDate: 2016-10-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9894-z
  • The Social Construction of Roles in Intimate Partner Violence: Is the
           Victim/Perpetrator Model the only Viable one?
    • Authors: Zvi Eisikovits; Benjamin Bailey
      Abstract: Abstract An ongoing discussion in the partner violence (PV) literature exists concerning the respective roles of perpetrator and victim. Most of it is gender based. The classical feminist argument is that women are victims of the violence and this is sustained by the social perception of them as victims. More recently increased recognition of mutual violence has taken place, calling into question the gender-based victim/perpetrator model. Recent research further calls into question this role differentiation through findings indicating that a majority of the protagonists in the PV drama view themselves as victims. A corollary to this controversy is that whether a man or a woman is the victim, the principal client in conventional intervention with PV is the woman. This paper will argue that the relevancy of gender-based role differentiation for most PV cases is not supported by recent data, and that incorporating an interactive perspective enables a more complex view than the classical victim/perpetrator one, and may improve our practice with PV populations.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9879-y
  • When Agreements Blur Disputes: Do Common Assumptions Regarding General
           Implications of Intimate Physical Partner Violence Mediate or Intensify
           the Controversy?
    • Authors: Michael Weinberg; Ronit Smadar-Dror
      Abstract: Abstract A common assumption is that gender can be studied through the differences between men and women living in intimate partner violent (IPV) relationships. Mainly, that general gender behavior can be studied through IPV. This approach is examined and an alternative possibility for a broad agreement is suggested. Accordingly, gender motives reflecting status enhancement for men and risk reduction for women can be dominant in daily conduct and implemented in intimate relationships. The suggestions made in this article can be seen as an alternative agreed starting point for the study of IPV free of a priori premises and conventions. Theoretical and practical implications are suggested which can mediate between the approaches regarding gender and IPV and perhaps clarify the controversy so that different psychological interventions may be applied.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9884-1
  • Intimate Partner Violence and the Duluth Model: An Examination of the
           Model and Recommendations for Future Research and Practice
    • Authors: Greg Bohall; Mary-Jo Bautista; Sabrina Musson
      Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global health concern. Given the complexity of the act of violence coupled with the difficulty of stabilizing the perpetrator and victim, assessment and intervention continue to be substandard. The Duluth Model is the predominant intervention for perpetrators of IPV; however, it continues to be controversial and has received significant criticism due to its narrow scope. The objective of this article is to identify the components of the Duluth Model and compare to the advances in behavioral sciences in order to implement a change in treatment for perpetrators of IPV.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9888-x
  • Canada’s First Integrated Domestic Violence Court: Examining Family and
           Criminal Court Outcomes at the Toronto I.D.V.C.
    • Authors: Rachel Birnbaum; Michael Saini; Nicholas Bala
      Abstract: Abstract This is the first quantitative study to examine Canada’s only Integrated Domestic Violence Court. The methodology used a quasi-experimental design with parallel groups with baseline equivalence. Results demonstrate that when support services are provided to victims of domestic violence during family separation, children benefit from greater involvement with both parents. There was more compliance with child support in the integrated court than the comparison group and compliance in custody and access were two variables that predicted the type of final custody orders. There were fewer judges involved in the IDVC court than comparison group; however, there were no differences in the number of court appearances between groups. The IDVC demonstrates a promising intervention to address domestic violence that involves both criminal and family law courts. Future research is needed to explore the views of children, victims and offenders about their experiences with the IDVC.
      PubDate: 2016-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9886-z
  • Maternal Childhood Sexual Trauma and Child Conduct Problems
    • Authors: B. J. Zvara; The Family Life Project Key Investigators; R. Mills-Koonce; K. Appleyard Carmody; M. Cox
      Abstract: Abstract This study examines multiple pathways by which maternal childhood sexual trauma may be related to the behavioral development of children. Propensity score matching procedures were used to create matched groups (total n = 204) of mothers who retroactively did and did not self-report childhood sexual trauma in a longitudinal sample of families living in poor, rural communities. Using structural equation modeling, maternal characteristics and behaviors were examined as potential mediators of the relationship between maternal histories of childhood sexual trauma and children’s conduct problems. After controlling for numerous socio-demographic factors, analyses indicate that maternal depressive symptoms, intimate partner violence, and maternal parenting were significant mediators and highlight the lasting impact of childhood sexual trauma on victims and their children.
      PubDate: 2016-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9876-1
  • Social Context and Violence Exposure as Predictors of Internalizing
           Symptoms in Mothers and Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
    • Authors: Wendy D’Andrea; Sandra Graham-Berman
      Abstract: Abstract Family and social environment may play a part in children’s post-violence adjustment. The goal of this paper is to examine which factors are related to internalizing symptoms in mothers and their children exposed to intimate partner violence. Participants were 208 mothers exposed to domestic violence. Mothers responded using the Conflict Tactics Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and other standardized scales. They also reported on their children’s internalizing symptoms using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). For the whole group, children’s CBCL scores were related to higher maternal depression and lower maternal self-esteem. Factors determining internalizing in children varied based upon the child’s race. This study illustrates the importance of factors, such as maternal depression, maternal self-esteem, violence exposure, and social support, in determining whether a child exposed to domestic violence develops internalizing symptoms, and that ecological factors may have different effects on children based on race.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9869-0
  • The Rate of False Allegations of Partner Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract A key controversy surrounding partner violence (PV) concerns false allegations. It is related to various disputes regarding gender differences with respect to PV. The rate of false PV complaints has been in dispute for decades. Some argue that it is marginal, others that it is significant. The article shows that the controversy has ramifications for the estimation of the prevalence of PV and for the measures police and welfare agencies should take when receiving such complaints. The article suggests methods for examining the scope of the phenomenon of false allegations and stresses the importance of such studies.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9882-3
  • Redefining Intimate Partner Violence Beyond the Binary to Include
           Transgender People
    • Abstract: Abstract Since the mid-1970s, the field of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has debated over gender differences in the perpetration of physical partner violence. However, this classical controversy has ignored transgender people since their gender does not seemingly fit the binary categories (male and female) first used to conceptualize IPV. Furthermore, sustained attention on this ceaseless argument has contributed to transgender people remaining invisible to the field of IPV. In this article, we redefine IPV to extend beyond the gender binary and invite the field to shift its focus to transgender people. Research suggests that as many as one in two transgender individuals are victims of IPV, but that multiple barriers prevent this group from acquiring protection that is afforded to others. Therefore, we propose that researchers direct their attention to this topic, and thus, inform police officers, victim advocates, and medical professionals who work directly to combat IPV for all.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9887-y
  • Attentive Surveillance: A Preliminary Study of Prioritizing Mothering
           Standards in the Face of Intimate Partner Violence
    • Abstract: Abstract A retrospective qualitative constant comparative analysis of the stories of English speaking women (N==22) who mothered children age 6 or under, while experiencing abuse at the hands of a male partner, was conducted. The emergent theory of Attentive Surveillance (AS), a vital, proactive, complex process of monitoring and prioritizing, was identified. Two non-linear and interrelated stages emerged. One, Understanding Circumstances (UC) is a gradual increase of awareness that the family environment and a woman’s ability to achieve her mothering standards are affected by her partner’s behavior. The second stage, Prioritizing Standards (PS), is a deliberate or a subconscious balancing act of assessing needs, adapting, and ranking mothering standards while still mothering as close to the original standards as possible. Recommendations for professionals, based on AS, in supporting mothers existing capacities to foster mother-child relationships and healthy child outcomes in the context of intimate partner violence are provided.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9871-6
  • The Social Construction of Roles in Intimate Partner Violence: Is the
           Victim/Perpetrator Model the only Viable one?
    • Abstract: Abstract This article addresses controversies in the field over LGBTQ intimate partner violence by describing the scope of the problem, employing both the traditional feminist paradigm and poststructuralist feminist theoretical approach to frame the problem, and, lastly, provide suggestions for advancing the field using interdisciplinary theories and methods. Implications for the field, policy, and treatment of victims and perpetrators of LGBTQ intimate partner violence are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9883-2
  • Causal Attributions of Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization in a
           National Sample of High School Mexican Students
    • Abstract: Abstract The controversy over the different natures of causal attribution of male and female IPV perpetration and victimization is examined. To examine causal attribution, limited conceptualizations (victim/perpetrator) must be replaced by a more sophisticated conceptualization taking into account both gender and individual’s involvement in violence as measured by Straus’ (2015) dyadic concordance types. Evidence is provided by the Mexican 2013 National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance and Violence in High Schools (N = 1478). Partial support is given to the argument that IPV perpetrated by women is conceptually different from that of men because of the meanings attributed to IPV after taking into account the complexity of the dynamics in a relationship as measured by DCTs.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9878-z
  • Where Do We Go from here?: Examining Intimate Partner Violence by Bringing
           Male Victims, Female Perpetrators, and Psychological Sciences into the
    • Abstract: Abstract Gender symmetry in intimate partner violence (IPV) has come to light in research, stirring much controversy. Historically, there has been resistance toward re-conceptualizing the problem from a psychology-informed framework, rather than from functional sociological discourse. Issues in examining IPV, with consideration of typologies, male victimization, and female perpetration, are discussed. Reporting, outcomes, revictimization, and perceptions of male victims and female perpetrators are addressed. An argument is offered for increased focus on psychological science, including theory and data from clinical, couple, and family systems disciplines, in addressing partner violence. A framework is provided for integrated, effective, and accurate approaches to IPV in discourse, policy, and service.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9881-4
  • Displayed Affective Behavior between Intimate Partner Violence Types
           during Non-Violent Conflict Discussions
    • Abstract: Abstract Little is known about how situationally violent (SV) couples differ from both characterologically violent (CV) and distressed, non-violent (DNV) couples in terms of their displayed affective behaviors during conflict. This study addressed this question by conducting secondary data analysis of two datasets (Jacobson and Gottman 1998 and Bradley et al. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 10(2), 97–116, 2011), examining displayed affective behaviors among these groups. We hypothesized that the SV group would present a midpoint of affect between the other two groups, displaying more negative behaviors than the DNV group, but less than the CV group (and vice versus for positive behaviors). A MANOVA was utilized to compare displayed affective behaviors coded from observational analysis of a conflict discussion. Results show that the SV group displayed more positive and less negative affective behaviors than CV group. Few differences were seen between the SV and DNV groups. This suggests that these two groups are similar in terms of their displayed affective behaviors during conflict.
      PubDate: 2016-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9870-7
  • Subdural Hematoma Rebleeding in Relation to Abusive Head Trauma
    • Authors: Barbara Knox; Lucy B. Rorke-Adams; Francois M. Luyet
      Abstract: Abstract When cases of suspected abusive head trauma are adjudicated in courts of law, one of the theories often presented by defense experts is that a normal, healthy infant or child suddenly neurologically deteriorates or dies several weeks to months after birth or minor injury because a preceding subdural hematoma spontaneously rebleeds after a minor traumatic event. This article reviews the underlying scientific basis of subdural hematoma rebleeding as it applies to this courtroom theory.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9842-y
  • Ophthalmologic Concerns in Abusive Head Trauma
    • Authors: Alex V. Levin; Francois M. Luyet; Barbara L. Knox
      Abstract: Abstract When Abusive Head Trauma (AHT) is suspected in a child, a dilated eye examination by an ophthalmologist is an essential part of the medical workup, as the presence and pattern of retinal hemorrhages can have a high positive predictive rate for abusive head injury. This article proposes to review the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, natural history, sequelae, and differential diagnosis of retinal hemorrhages and other ocular lesions associated with AHT.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10896-016-9840-0
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