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Journal Cover   Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.269]   [H-I: 9]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2276 journals]
  • The “Other” Woman in Contemporary Television Drama: Analyzing
           Intersectional Representation on Bones
    • Abstract: This essay theorizes intersectional representation as a strategic device used in twenty-first century television narrative by examining the generically “Other” woman in television drama. This character is often racially, ethnically, economically and sexually “othered”. She appears on numerous broadcast television programs, and yet remains relatively invisible in cultural discourses of television. I offer a critical reading of the intersectional representation used on FOX’s series Bones as a means of exposing how intersectional imagery functions to re-center identity politics on White, heteronormative, middle-class values. That these images remain largely invisible in academic discussions of race, ethnicity, sexuality and class on television while appearing frequently in the most economically successful television narratives speaks to the complexity of intersectional identity politics in contemporary media studies.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • “We are Arabs:” The Embodiment of Virginity Through Arab and
           Arab American Women’s Lived Experiences
    • Abstract: Virginity is part of our existence in the world as embodied sexual subjects. While many meanings are associated with virginity, in most of the Arab world virginity relates to the presence of a hymen and extends to encompass the honor of the Arab community, and virginity loss commonly relate to first vaginal intercourse. This study explored the meanings of virginity from the perspectives of Arab and Arab American women. A qualitative phenomenological approach, informed by the philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, was used to conduct in-depth interviews with ten women. We identified one over-arching theme Virginity as Identity, and two major themes Embodiment of Virginity and “We are Arabs.” To reach an embodied virginity, participants went through a disembodied virginity process, reflecting society’s perceptions and values of virginity related to anatomical presence of a hymen and society’s honor. “We are Arabs” describes the ways women identified with the Arab ethnic identity as a shared overall identification, but differed from one lived experience to another, and influenced how participants embodied virginity. Our participants provided a better understanding of the diverse meanings of virginity that move beyond the binary of virginity and virginity loss, and into a spectrum of embodied meanings. Findings suggest the need for future research around sexuality in Arab Americans with attention to socio-political contexts in order to understand the nature and context of sexual initiation and its impact on sexual behaviors and well-being.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • A Question of Deviancy: Comparing Exotic Dancers and Female University
    • Abstract: The primary goal of this study was to evaluate similarities and differences between exotic dancers and non-dancing female university students on demographic variables, self-esteem, aspects of personality, attitudes toward sex and sexuality, and attitudes toward exotic dance and exotic dancers. A total of 230 predominately English speaking females participated. A one-way multivariate analysis of covariance was conducted to examine differences between students and exotic dancers on the dependent variables. After adjusting for level of education, Wilks’ criterion confirmed a statistically significant effect of group. Follow-up univariate analyses illustrated that exotic dancers reported significantly more sexual permissiveness than their non-dancer counterparts, reflecting a more casual, open attitude toward sex. Students endorsed sexual practices that may be perceived as more responsible, such as their higher scores on a measure of birth control use. Further, students scored higher on a scale of sexual communion, indicating an endorsement of sex as the ideal or “peak experience”. Consistent with expectations, there were no significant differences between groups in perceptions of exotic dance as a normative activity or as a matter of choice. As well, there were no differences on measures of self-esteem, extraversion, or neuroticism. These findings suggest that exotic dancers and female students reveal similar characteristics on measures of personality, self-esteem, and attitudes toward exotic dance.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • For Black Models Scroll Down: Webcam Modeling and the Racialization of
           Erotic Labor
    • Abstract: This article presents data from a sociological investigation of online webcam modeling. Webcam models represent a cohort of sex workers who sell a range of erotic fantasy to online voyeuristic patrons—from benign conversation to exotic strip tease to explicit sex acts. First, the article presents descriptive data based on participation observation on the website of focus, which here will be called Second, this article presents statistical analyses of models’ success as measured by the website-generated camscore (how the site measures monetary model success) with the independent variables of race and nation of origin (N = 343). Also drawing on data from participant observation, and by applying intersectionality, this study aims to highlight the intricate ways that race-, class-, and gender-based inequities are perpetuated on a popular webcam site. Webcamming is a form of online body work that is highly racialized. Given that scholars have recognized the ways in which the conditions of labor impact a sex worker’s success, experiences of exploitation, job satisfaction, and agency, this article examines race as a factor that overwhelmingly thwarts the success of black women in the online world of webcam modeling.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • “Getting It”: Identity and Sexual Communication for Sexual and
           Gender Minorities with Physical Disabilities
    • Abstract: People with disabilities (PWD) make up a significant portion of the population in the US; the 2010 United States Census reported that 21.3 % of the population age 15 and up has a disability. Research and scholarship around sexuality and disability has grown internationally, yet much of the existing research on the sexuality of PWD is focused on sexual self-esteem and social attitudes on sexuality, not how PWD negotiate sex/engage sexually. This study focuses on themes that emerged from interview data in a subsample of a larger study that identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer, kink/BDSM practicing and/or polyamorous/in open relationships. It examines the themes of kink as a form of communication and boundary setting, as well as identity influences; how the process around coming out regarding sexually marginalized identities, and how these two themes impact coming out and communicating sexual needs regarding disabilities. PWD who are sexual or gender minorities experience unique understandings of communication with sexual partners. The findings suggest that their identities as part of marginalized communities actually serve to support and enhance this communication, leading to more self-reported positive outcomes.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Sex Rules: Emerging Adults’ Perceptions of Gender’s Impact on
    • Abstract: Past research often explains gender differences in sexual behavior according to differences in social norms for men and women. Yet, individuals’ perceptions and internalizations of current social norms are not well understood. This study aimed to examine emerging adults’ perceptions of how being male or female impacts their sexuality and how their perceptions would differ if they were another gender. Participants (N = 205) were college students, 61 % female, and ranged from age 18 to 25 (M = 20.5, SD = 1.7). Participants answered open-ended questions about gender and responses were coded for content, positive tone, and negative tone. In describing how being female affected their sexual thoughts and feelings, women were more likely than men to focus on reputation concerns and describe limits and contexts in which sexual behavior was acceptable. In describing how being male affected their sexual thoughts and feelings, men were more likely than women to focus on issues of desire. Women’s perceptions about how their sexual thoughts and feelings would differ if they were male were consistent with men’s perceptions of their own gender’s actual impact on sexuality, and vice versa. Women’s descriptions of their own gender’s impact on sexuality were more emotionally laden than men’s. Finally, being older was associated with less negative and more positive emotional tone in men’s and women’s responses respectively.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Gamified Eroticism: Gay Male “Social Networking” Applications
           and Self-Pornography
    • Abstract: It is taken for granted that face-to-face contact is the ultimate goal of gay male social networking applications such as Grindr and Scruff. I, however, challenge this assumption and argue that these applications have succeeded not because they fulfill their tacit promise to connect gay men, but by doubling as do-it-yourself (DIY) amateur porn platforms. Gay male social networking applications are screening tools that facilitate self-pornification through a process of gamified surveillance. I contend that the rewards for playing the game are often not the sanitized ones promoted by application creators and their public relations departments but the erotic exchanges and byproducts produced during the screening process these applications ambivalently disavow—nude images and erotic chat.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Women’s Experiences of Sexual Pleasure in Ghana
    • Abstract: Although sexual intercourse is an important aspect of women’s sexuality, there is little knowledge on how women experience sexual pleasure in Ghana. In this paper we explore how women and men express sexual pleasure and highlight women’s experience of sexual pleasure based on the narratives of 20 women and 16 men. Specifically, we focus on describing how women and men understand sexual pleasure, the factors that stimulate sexual pleasure, and show how women experience it. The interviewee’s expressions of sexual pleasure were symbolic and had both direct and indirect manifestation. Ejaculation was reported to indicate a direct manifestation of sexual pleasure. Screams, facial and other expressions were reported to indicate indirect experiences of sexual pleasure, and were seen to be associated with female sexuality more than male sexuality. Women and men expressed sexual pleasure in a variety of ways (e.g., ejaculation, screaming, “good pain”, treating a partner nicely after sex, asking rhetoric questions during sex, and prolonged sex intercourse) and there were no differences in the meanings both women and men ascribed to sexual pleasure, regardless of their demographic profiles. Women reported experiencing sexual pleasure as their male partners did based on meanings they attach to erotic sensuality as expressed in romance, foreplay, and physical attractiveness. If sex is sexually stimulating (e.g., due to a partner’s agreeable personal hygiene), women would engage in it. Well-intentioned sexuality programmes emphasizing partners’ touching each other for pleasure, as well as educating partners to maintain erotic sensuality is compelling for inducing sexual pleasure.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • The Social Construction of Male Tourism Deviance: The Case of Agia Napa
           (AN), Cyprus
    • Abstract: This study is of an exploratory nature and aims at providing both a theoretical discussion and an empirical investigation of the relationships between young male tourists’ behavioral intentions and predispositions, their risky deviant vacation patterns (primarily alcohol/substance abuse and casual/unprotected sex), and the structuring of deviance in their tourist destination, during their vacationing in a famous Southern Mediterranean tourist resort known as Agia Napa (AN), in the country of Cyprus. The major methodological mode includes a combination of qualitative and quantitative field research data collection techniques. The sample includes male tourists belonging to various social networks visiting AN, during the summer months of early June to late August (the primary tourist season). The sampling procedure includes respondent driven (snowball) sampling derived from various male tourist and tourist industry related deviant risk networks operating in AN. Results indicate that the vast majority of the young male respondents expressed the view that they do not have any problem with drinking. However, for the whole sample, almost half of them (51.4 %) indicated that they had been unable to stop drinking once started and over one-third (36.8 %) reported either sustaining or causing injury because of drinking. There exists a deviant synergy in the structuring of the AN environment as evidenced by the twelve in-depth interviews. To this end, understanding how the financial network of bars, clubs, parties, protection companies, beach parties and tour operators works is crucial in delineating the conditions that render the AN environment ripe for the actualization of male tourism deviance.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Sex(t) Talk: A Qualitative Analysis of Young Adults’ Negotiations of
           the Pleasures and Perils of Sexting
    • Abstract: To date, there has been much quantitative research conducted on sexting, often with a focus on investigating its prevalence among young people and which also typically presents the behaviour as deviant and risky. As a result, less is known about the everyday nature of sexting, and the various reasons and motivations regarding why individuals engage in the behaviour beyond a simplistic framing of the behaviour as risky and deviant. The present study was qualitative in nature, involving in-depth interviews with 40 young people aged 18–25 years, exploring their perceptions and experiences of sexualised culture. Sexting was a topic of discussion and it is this issue that is the focus of this paper. Interviews revealed the different encounters in which sexting occurred including within the contexts of casual sexual, dating and intimate relationships, and in a non-sexual peer context with friends, in addition to the varied motivations, reasons, and feelings associated with these experiences. Findings therefore provide further understanding and knowledge of the everyday and varied nature of sexting, contributing to the emerging research literature focusing on a qualitative approach that explores everyday negotiations and experiences of sexting and which moves discussions beyond focussing primarily on prevalence, risk and harm.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • “Dude, Where’s Your Face?” Self-Presentation,
           Self-Description, and Partner Preferences on a Social Networking
           Application for Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Content Analysis
    • Abstract: The current study examined the social networking profiles of men who have sex with men on the popular application Jack’d in order to survey how they self-present, as well as how they describe their partner preferences. Using online disinhibition as a theoretical framework, emphasis was on how men frame their own and others’ masculinity/femininity, age, race, and body type or fitness level. Results indicated that men tended to privilege masculinity, to visually present themselves semi-clothed, and to mention fitness or bodies in the text of their profile. Analysis also revealed that more than 1 in 5 men used a face-absent main profile photo. Significant differences were found based upon the race and weight of profile users.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Stories We Tell Ourselves: Writing the Mature Female Protagonist
    • Abstract: This article is concerned with the construction of the older female protagonist in a number of British, Irish and French films. In order to identify what knowledge is legitimated about aging women, and what is not, a close textual analysis of four films: Night Train (Ireland 1998), Keeping Mum (UK 2005), Une Liason Pornographique (France 1999) and Partir (France 2009) was undertaken. All these films feature a female protagonist, in her late forties or early fifties, and challenge, in varying degrees, myths about the asexual nature of older women. At a thematic level, the female characters in all four films undertake a journey, real or imagined, in order to experience sexual passion. In the course of that journey they each become enriched by a sexual experience and make significant discoveries which, in varying degrees, deconstruct preconceived notions about aging women. Some of the specifics of the British, Irish and French film industry and culture are also explored in order to gain a nuanced understanding of factors that contribute to the marginalization or valorization of the older female protagonist. The different treatment of mature female sexuality in the French films is explained with reference to different cultural discourses surrounding female sexuality, a film industry that privileges art before commerce and generous film funding.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Refusing to Tolerate Intolerance: An Experiment Testing the Link Between
           Exposure to Gay-Related Content and Resulting Attitudes and Behaviors
    • Abstract: This article describes a 2 × 2 factorial design experiment with 334 undergraduates testing the influence of exposure to gay-related photographs on endorsement of tolerant gay attitudes and likelihood to interact with the photograph within a social media context. Individuals were more likely to interact with and be attitudinally influenced by pro-gay rather than anti-gay content. Prior media exposure to gay-related content was positively associated with likelihood to interact with the photographs. The experimental condition moderated this association. Our results provide support and extension for social cognitive theory, cultivation, and the heuristic processing model, as well as offer new information related to the study of social media, particularly those current conversational trends related to gay men and lesbians.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Lisa Tatonetti: The Queerness of Native American Literature
    • PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Moshe Shokeid: Gay Voluntary Associations in New York: Public Sharing and
           Private Lives
    • PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Jason Whitesel: Fat Gay Men: Girth, Mirth, and the Politics of Stigma
    • PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Perceptions of Sex Work-Related Stigma in Female Sex Workers from the
           Dominican Republic: Implications for HIV Interventions
    • Abstract: Stigma is an important obstacle that affects access to health resources for groups vulnerable to HIV, such as female sex workers (FSW). Experiences and types of stigma are diverse, and vary across cultural settings. Consequently, research that places stigma within appropriate socio-cultural contexts should be the first step towards developing effective HIV-prevention interventions. This study examined the stigma related to engaging in sex work in a group of FSW in the Dominican Republic. The present investigation used the Sex Worker Stigma (SWS) Index to identify factors associated with sex work-related stigma along two perceived stigma domains: the community and family. A verbally administered, tablet-based questionnaire was completed by 338 FSW. Results indicate that multiple independent factors influence perceived sex work-related stigma from community and family sources. FSW who engage in sex work on an independent basis, Haitian FSW, and women who live in the same household as their dependent children perceive less sex work-related stigma from the community. Conversely, FSW who spend more time engaged in sex work per week perceive more sex work-related stigma from this source. Within the family domain, women who live in the same household as their dependent children and FSW with higher levels of education perceive less stigma from family members. FSW who provide the principal household economic support perceive more sex work-related stigma from family members. Findings show that sex work-related stigma is unique and should be taken into account for interventions focused on HIV prevention and/or stigma in female sex workers.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Non-marital Sex in Reform Judaism: Reconciling Theory with Reality
    • Abstract: This paper examines the gap between the present day theory and reality facing Reform Jews who remain unmarried and sexually active. While the Reform movement has sought to address issues facing women and sexual minorities, there is a paucity of literature on matters concerning the increasing number of heterosexuals who, for one reason or another, choose to remain unmarried while being sexually active. One of the only attempts at addressing the general conduct of Reform Jews has been the 1998 “Reform Jewish Sexual Values” position paper coming out of the Ad Hoc Committee on Sexuality of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. Of the ten guidelines, numbers seven and eight propose a covenantal relationship and describe the conditions under which sexual joy may be experienced within Judaism. The document encourages “B’rit (“covenantal relationship”) …grounded in fidelity and the intention of permanence” and “Simcha …human sexual activity should be experienced only in healthy and responsible human relationships”. Both of these guidelines, if taken literally, would exclude a great many Reform Jews who do not find themselves in committed, long-term, exclusive relationships. What then are the acceptable outlets for sexual energies among this group? Do we accept that persons who do not adhere to these guidelines and those of other Reform groups be regarded as immoral? This is a debate that is long overdue in the modernisation of Jewish practice.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Kathleen T. Talvacchia, Michael F. Pettinger, and Mark Larrimore (eds):
           Queer Christianities: Lived Religions in Transgressive Forms
    • PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Profiles of Risk for HIV/AIDS Among Young Malawian Adults: Understanding
           Behavioral Intentions
    • Abstract: Young adults are especially vulnerable to HIV and engage in sexual activities that expose them to the HIV virus. Although into a third decade of HIV/AIDS epidemic, few studies have examined the heterogeneity in the population of young adults at risk for HIV in Malawi. This study utilizes a Latent Class Analysis method to identify profiles of young adults at most risk for contracting HIV/AIDS to include: High Risk and At-Risk. A Chi squared test was used to determine whether class membership was associated with reported changes in sexual behavior to avoid HIV. The results indicate that of young adults who report to change their behaviors, 61.4 % were in the At-Risk Group, whereas 38.6 % were in the High Risk Group. We conclude that practice and policy measures that involve High Risk Group would be beneficial. This group would benefit from additional interventions encouraging them to change their sexual behaviors. Results from this study highlight the importance of identifying profiles of culturally formed attitudes, beliefs, and norms as a step towards targeting interventions that may decrease the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among young adults.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
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