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SEXUALITY (49 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Development of the Consensual Non-Monogamy Attitude Scale (CNAS)
    • Authors: Marisa T. Cohen; Karen Wilson
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: While consensual non-monogamy (CNM) is emerging as a research topic in the field of relationship science, scales intended to measure people’s attitudes toward such configurations are lacking. This study recruited 206 participants to establish the validity and reliability of the Consensual Non-Monogamy Attitude Scale, an instrument consisting of eight statements intended to determine how accepting people are of CNM relationships. Results demonstrated a single factor structure. Scale scores were positively related to sociosexual orientation and perceived satisfaction with non-monogamy and negatively associated with perceived satisfaction with monogamy. Results also revealed significant gender and sexual orientation differences.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9395-5
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Look @ Me 2.0: Self-Sexualization in Facebook Photographs, Body
           Surveillance and Body Image
    • Authors: Lindsay Ruckel; Melanie Hill
      Pages: 15 - 35
      Abstract: Growing attention has been paid to examining how women present themselves on Social Networking Sites (SNSs). Recently, researchers have found that SNSs seem to provide a unique forum for the reproduction of traditional gender roles, including the sexualization of women. In the current study, we evaluated various correlates of self-sexualization in the Facebook profile pictures of young women. Ten Facebook profile photographs of each of 98 young adult women, ranging in age from 18 to 28 years old, were coded for self-sexualization. Participants also completed self-report surveys measuring appearance-related contingencies of self-worth, body surveillance, and internalization of sociocultural beauty norms. Appearance-related contingencies of self-worth and body surveillance were both independently positively associated with self-sexualization in Facebook profile photographs. Although internalization of sociocultural appearance attitudes did not have a direct effect on self-sexualization in Facebook profile pictures, it did have an indirect effect through body surveillance. Potential theoretical and practical implications and directions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9376-8
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Gender Differences in the Sexual Experiences, Attitudes, and Beliefs of
           Cypriot University-Educated Youth
    • Authors: Petroula M. Mavrikiou; Stavros K. Parlalis; Andrea Athanasiou
      Pages: 36 - 48
      Abstract: Previous studies in various regions of the world have described differences in the sexual experiences, attitudes, and beliefs of men and women. This paper presents results of a survey conducted to evaluate these differences in university-educated young men and women from Cyprus. The results indicate many differences between the two genders and specifically shows that: men have more sexual partners than women, men have sexual experiences earlier than women, women have longer relationships before having sex for the first time, women give more emotional reasons for having sex for the first time, and men are more adventurous. More than 70 % of the participants use contraception, while the reasons why contraception is used differs between the two genders.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9377-7
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • If You Build It, They Will Come: Feasibility of Sexual Health Research
           Among Individuals Married Within the Latter Day Saint Faith
    • Authors: Heather Francis; Beth Meyerson
      Pages: 49 - 61
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of survey and interview research exploring views on sexual wellness among married individuals within the Latter Day Saint (LDS) faith community. Participants were asked questions about demographics, marital satisfaction, religious practice, sexual health and sexual satisfaction. Feasibility was measured by the expression of choice related to study participation: (1) electing to participate, (2) initiating participation, (3) selection of study engagement method, and (4) completion of each method. The sample included Utah residents married within the LDS faith, irrespective of whether currently practicing. Interested participants were given the option to volunteer through an anonymous online survey or interview. The majority (89.1) preferred to participate anonymously, and fully completed the online survey. Participants completed the full questionnaire despite being asked about “taboo” topics, such as with questions regarding sexual satisfaction. We concluded that it appears feasible to conduct sexual health research among individuals married within the LDS faith. This was the first empirical feasibility examination of sexual health studies among married Latter Day Saints. Future studies should continue to examine sexual health, while noting current church participation, and type of marriage, as this information seems to be essential when discussing sexual health with LDS married persons.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9378-6
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • HIV Risk Perception Among College Students at a University in the Midwest
    • Authors: Zelalem Haile; Caroline Kingori; Kay-Anne Darlington; Tania Basta; Bhakti Chavan
      Pages: 62 - 73
      Abstract: Despite the high prevalence of risky sexual behavior among college students, HIV risk perception in this population remains low. Overall, there is a dearth of studies examining HIV risk perception among college students. We examined HIV risk perception among college students at a University in the Midwest. Students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate courses were recruited for this pilot study (n = 200). The outcome of interest was perceived HIV risk perception. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were utilized to examine the association between HIV risk perception and four measures namely: perceived severity of/susceptibility to HIV, perceived benefits of safe sex, perceived barriers to safe sex and self-efficacy, measured using validated instruments. Overall, greater proportion of students perceived that they are not at risk of HIV infection (81.5 %). Participants had high scores for all measures, except for perceived barriers to safe sex [mean score (standard deviation) 24.5 (15.3)]. The multivariable model showed a statistically significant negative association between composite severity of/susceptibility to HIV/AIDS score and moderate perceived HIV risk (OR, 95 % confidence interval) (0.96, 0.93–0.99, p = 0.04). In addition, the odds of having moderate perceived HIV risk were higher among students who currently have a dating partner compared to students who currently do not have a dating partner (3.19, 1.24–8.18, p = 0.01). College level HIV prevention efforts should continue to address HIV risk. Additional research examining risk perception in a much larger, and more diverse, student population is needed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9380-z
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Transitional Housing Facilities for Women Leaving the Sex Industry:
           Informed by Evidence or Ideology?
    • Authors: Susan Dewey; Jennifer Hankel; Kyria Brown
      Pages: 74 - 95
      Abstract: This article juxtaposes the results of descriptive and inferential statistical analysis, derived from 125 client case files at a Denver transitional housing facility for women leaving the sex industry, with the results of a content analysis that examined how all 34 similar U.S. facilities represent themselves, their clients, and their services on their websites. Content analysis results ascertained four primary findings with respect to transitional housing facilities for women leaving the sex industry, including their conflation of sex trading with sex trafficking, dominance by Christian faith-based organizations, race-neutral approach, and depiction of their clients as uneducated and socially isolated. Yet our statistical analysis revealed that significant differences exist between women’s sex industry experiences in ways that are strongly determined by ethno-racial identity, age, marital status, and exposure to abuse throughout the life course. Juxtaposing the results of these analyses highlights some rather glaring disconnects between the ways that facility websites depict their clients and the meaningful differences between women seeking services at the Denver transitional housing facility. These findings raise significant concerns regarding approaches that ignore ethno-racial differences, collapse the sex industry’s complexity, make assumptions about the women’s educational or other needs, and neglect the importance of women’s community and relational ties. Taken together, these troubling realities suggest a need for evidenced-based, rather than ideology-based, alternatives for women who wish to leave the sex industry.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9379-5
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Intimate Transactions: Sex Toys and the Sexual Discourse of Second-Wave
    • Authors: Hallie Lieberman
      Pages: 96 - 120
      Abstract: This article examines customer correspondence to Eve’s Garden from women throughout the United States from 1974 to 1989 to determine how ordinary women at the height of the second-wave feminist movement grappled with fraught issues surrounding changing conceptions of sexuality. These exchanges show that feminist sex debates were incorporated into women’s everyday lives, often in terms of a conflict between sexual desires and feminist principles, providing evidence that the personal truly was political. My article shows that sex toys helped women envision their sexuality in new ways. Letters show how ordinary women struggled to take control of their sexuality by creating relationships with commercial establishments in a world awash in social and political changes. Three principal themes emerge from customer correspondence. First is that many feminists were initially skeptical that sex toys could be reconciled with feminist political beliefs. Second is the ambivalence about using an inanimate object, a machine, for sexual pleasure. And third is the complicated role of sex toys in relationships, both lesbian and straight, particularly when women desired vaginal penetration with dildos.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9383-9
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Disgust that Fascinates: Sibling Incest as a Bad Romance
    • Authors: Lydia Kokkola; Elina Valovirta
      Pages: 121 - 141
      Abstract: This article compares the discourse of sibling incest evident in a corpus of fiction with the discourse found in clinical, sociological and criminal literature. Whereas the former primarily regards the coupling as a bad romance, the latter presents the idea that it is unequivocally harmful. This discrepancy between the two discourses surrounding sexual relationships between brothers and sisters speaks to literary fiction’s need for thwarted romances for the purposes of the literary market. A more detailed look into three novels from the corpus, Tabitha Suzuma’s Forbidden (2010), Donna Tartt’s The Secret History (1992) and Pauline Melville’s The Ventriloquist’s Tale (1997) shows how this logic of sibling incest as a bad romance works in practice.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9386-6
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Gay Men’s Construction and Management of Identity on Grindr
    • Authors: Rusi Jaspal
      Pages: 187 - 204
      Abstract: This study explores gay men’s construction and management of identity on Grindr. A sample of gay men was interviewed and the data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The following themes are outlined: (1) constructing and re-constructing identities on Grindr; (2) bolstering sexual self-efficacy; (3) managing online and offline identities. Despite the apparent social psychological benefits of geospatial gay social networking applications, the pressures of coercive norms on the application as well as perceived “addiction” to it can result in threats to identity, thereby challenging social and psychological wellbeing.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9389-3
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Nobody Wants to Date a Whore: Rape-Supportive Messages in Women-Directed
           Christian Dating Books
    • Authors: Kathryn R. Klement; Brad J. Sagarin
      Pages: 205 - 223
      Abstract: Despite advances in gender and sexual equality, women are still constrained by standards and norms in American culture. Women hear messages that they must remain sexually abstinent, and if they violate these proscriptions, they are met with negative social consequences. The present study examined a potential source for such messages: women-directed Christian dating books, using hypothesis-driven thematic analysis. Based on Moon and Reger’s findings of rape myths, dehumanization and objectification of women, and sexism among mixed-gender dating books, it was expected that the women-directed books would contain both messages of purity culture, which mandates that women either remain virgins or be considered whores, and messages of rape culture, which supports sexual violence and invokes consequences for women who deviate from socially proscribed gendered norms. These hypotheses were supported. Content analysis of both mixed-gender and women-directed Christian dating books revealed themes such as: the belief that sex devalues women; men and women were created for different, complementary purposes; sex should only be for procreation; women are responsible for sexual violence that men perpetrate; women should expect and accept sexual violence as a normal part of life; and women who are not submissive should be derogated. The implications of finding these themes in media meant to convey lessons of purity are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9390-x
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • More Than Merely Human: How Science Fiction Pop-Culture Influences Our
           Desires for the Cybernetic
    • Authors: Rebecca Gibson
      Pages: 224 - 246
      Abstract: In this paper I will explore cybercultural thinking about inter-gender relations, seeking to understand certain mythologies about love and sex in the digital age. I will look at the burgeoning market for AI based companions, and seek to understand what causes people to look outside of the company of flesh-and-blood humans. What sensations or emotional needs are fulfilled by choosing a cybercompanion over a human? Is this a gender motivated choice? In this age of computer-dominated interaction, where we are told that more people reach for a keyboard than a hand, I hope to understand what can be learned about the human condition and its ever-changing cultural mores. To understand these questions, I will examine pop-cultural themes in science-fiction, and then relate these themes to real-world developments in cyber-technology. These include cyborgs who are ‘real enough’ to pass for human, such as the Replicants in “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?”; androids who are fully functional, but somewhat less than or other than human, such as Lieutenant Commander Data in “Star Trek: The Next Generation”; demonstrations of new technology using robot/android story lines, such as Sony Playstation’s “Kara” by Quantic Dream project; and created, near-human races, such as Margaret Atwood’s “Crakers” and David Mitchell’s “Fabricants.” I will look at how human characters relate sexually and romantically to non-human characters, and then examine the phenomenon of medical cybernetic augmentation as a way of exploring when we are no longer merely human, but still ‘human enough.’
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9391-9
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Sexual Harassment in the Egyptian Streets: Feminist Theory Revisited
    • Authors: Hani M. Henry
      Pages: 270 - 286
      Abstract: This study examined the act of sexual harassment, as perceived by Egyptian male harassers. Participants’ justifications of their harassing acts were explained using feminist theory, which postulated that sexual harassment occurs due to men’s tendency to blame women for this act, their failure to empathize with its victims, and their attempt to punish their competitive efforts. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine self-professed harassers. Thematic analysis of these interviews produced theory-driven themes that reflected the above mentioned assertions of feminist theory. Moreover, thematic analysis added cultural depth to this theory’s explanation of sexual harassment by producing emerging themes that highlighted the roles of participants’ strict interpretations of religious texts and experiences of societal oppression in justifying this act. Recommendations for mental health professionals and policy makers who design intervention and prevention programs for sexual harassment will be presented.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9393-7
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Arthur P. Wolf: Incest Avoidance and the Incest Taboos, Two Aspects of
           Human Nature
    • Authors: Thomas O’Carroll
      Pages: 323 - 329
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-015-9327-9
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Arthur P. Wolf: Incest Avoidance and the Incest Taboos, Two
           Aspects of Human Nature
    • Authors: Thomas O’Carroll
      Pages: 330 - 330
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9349-y
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Jeffrey Weeks: What is Sexual History?
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      Pages: 331 - 332
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9384-8
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Amalia Ziv: Explicit Utopias: Rewriting the Sexual in Women’s
    • Authors: Tzachi Zamir
      Pages: 333 - 338
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9396-4
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2017)
  • Abduction in the Public Sphere: Sadomasochism, Surveillance, and
    • Authors: Ingrid Olson
      Abstract: Several years ago, a negotiated, consensual abduction scenario took place in downtown Toronto, Canada. Following the public abduction the captive was taken to a secure, private location and (consensually) subjected to physical and sexual aggression: ‘gang-rape’. The public abduction involved five queer and trans persons, some of whom are people of colour. In a Foucaultian context, an abduction scenario eludes surveillance and remains invisible until revealed. During the abduction scenario some citizens stopped, observed, and considered using their cellular phones, visibly concerned with what they were witnessing. At one point the scenario paused for consultation and explanation with bystanders troubled by what they interpreted as potentially criminal behaviour. This response can be understood as policing non-normative, public, physical activity. What are the limitations of Sadomasochism (S/m) in the public sphere? And how are identifications of class, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality positioned in this analysis? To those inexperienced with S/m, unfamiliar with consensually aggressive activity, there can be a questioning of psychological contiguity. In the twenty-first century there has been a mainstreaming of kink. Yet, there remain limitations of public tolerance for S/m as counter–conduct. Through the work of Warner and Munoz, this paper suggests the scenario can be interpreted as a counterpublic. This research is an autoethnographic account of the scenario and addresses the limitations on S/m scenarios conducted in the public sphere.
      PubDate: 2017-03-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9422-1
  • Family and Homosexuality in Chinese Culture: Rights Claims by
           Non-heterosexuals in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Ka Ki Chan
      Abstract: Family of origin is one of the less-studied areas to have been investigated during the rights-claiming process by non-heterosexuals. This paper discusses how family of origin plays a significant role in the claiming of rights (such as the authority to make health care or medical treatment, funeral arrangement and inheritance) by non-heterosexuals in Hong Kong. Because of the functional specificities of Chinese families and their perceptions of homosexuality, Chinese non-heterosexuals are eager to introduce their sexuality to their family of origin rather than participate in a more separated approach to coming out. This process constitutes a “coming home” approach to coming out as a member of a gender or sexual minority group. The negative effects of exclusion and ignorance not only affect the mental health of non-heterosexuals in Hong Kong but also shape and create social barriers to the claiming of rights. Findings from this study reveal that family of origin is a significant factor deterring non-heterosexuals from considering, planning or taking action to claim sexual citizenship rights.
      PubDate: 2017-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9425-y
  • Masculinity and Homophobic Violence in Australia’s Recent Past
    • Authors: Stephen Tomsen
      Abstract: This paper examines a set of research evidence compiled in the last two decades by the author and several of his Australian colleagues to argue that violence directed at gay men, lesbians and transsexuals as ‘sexual minorities’ has not been wholly distinct from other general forms of male perpetrated violence with a broad range of victims including heterosexual women and other men attacked in general male-on-male violence. It observes that harassment and violence directed against sexual groups have been highly gendered and everyday phenomena and narrow views of homophobic prejudice should be refined in order to appreciate this. Furthermore, reflecting on these research findings indicates these violent acts have been widespread and collective social phenomena built on masculine understandings of a sexual mainstream and subordinate others. By focusing upon the masculine facets of this violence it can be seen that much of this violence has been a hostile response to sexual and gender non-conformity through which male perpetrators have sought to enact, police and reinforce sexual hierarchies and gender boundaries. There is contemporary research uncertainty about the real extent of sexual prejudice and related violence in Australia and similar liberal democratic nations around the globe. Nevertheless, it is evident that this social phenomenon had a key historical role in signaling socially acceptable masculine appearance and behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9423-0
  • Gender Communal Terrorism or War Rape: Ten Symbolic Reasons
    • Authors: Jonathan Matusitz
      Abstract: This paper examines gender communal terrorism in past conflicts across the globe. Gender communal terrorism is a symbolic form of war rape. It was used systematically during the Bosnian War (1992–1995) and the Second Congo War (1998–2003), as part of a large-scale campaign to wipe out ethnic groups. In fact, war rape in the Second Congo War has been considered the worst in the history of humankind. To increase our understanding of war rape as a form of terrorism, ten symbolic themes (i.e., symbolic reasons) emerged from this analysis: (1) identicide (or ethnic cleansing), (2) punishment, (3) conquering territory, (4) proof of manhood, (5) wounded femininity, (6) wounded community, (7) rejection from family, (8) abjection, (9) ritual, and (10) fantasy. An important conclusion of this analysis is that all ten symbolic reasons of war rape have one purpose in common: the cultural elimination of the enemy. As such, gender communal terrorism is a weapon of war and an instrument of terror that cause profoundly negative effects on entire communities. Hence, a recurrent key word among those themes is the word “wounded”.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9424-z
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Heriot-Watt University
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