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SEXUALITY (51 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Cultural Dimensions of Sexual Liberalization
    • Authors: Agnes Andeweg
      Pages: 339 - 342
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9418-x
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Novels as Social Media: How Literature Helped Shape Notions of Sexual
    • Authors: Agnes Andeweg
      Pages: 343 - 361
      Abstract: In the historiography of sexual liberation, the role of cultural artefacts like novels and films has either been taken for granted or not received much attention at all. This article discusses these cultural dimensions of sexual liberation, using the Netherlands as a case study, arguing that these dimensions are important to research in order to better understand the (self-)fashioning of a sexually liberated subject. The seemingly close ties between literature and societal transformations in the sixties is remarkable and points to the function of literature in the 1945–1980 period, when novels functioned as an important social platform for broaching moral controversies and articulated seminal cultural repertoires for identity construction. The article analyses the ways literature functions in Dutch cultural memory of the sexual revolution nowadays, and looks at the specific historical constellation and literary culture that provided important channels for the spreading of new ideas in the 1960s. Guiding questions to investigate the specificities of this literary culture and its function in articulating and disseminating notions of sexual liberation are: what are the functions ascribed to writers and their works in sexual transformations of the 1960s/70s? To what extent are these transformations captured in terms of national identity, or do they travel across national borders? What role do they play in cultural memory, nationally and internationally?
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9419-9
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • National and Racial Images of the Sexual ‘Other’ in the
           German-Speaking Countries (1950s–1970s)
    • Authors: Franz X. Eder
      Pages: 362 - 381
      Abstract: During the ‘long’ sexual revolution—or better, sexual liberalization and sexualization—there was a broad discussion about the national origins of sexual images as well as modes of behaviour in the German-speaking countries. Writers, journalists and scientists argued that especially American, French and Swedish images could have an important impact on the changes of their own ‘sexual climate’. They also discussed about the sexuality of ‘black people’ and the differences between their habits and the national sex culture. This article shows and compares the different national sex images of women and their reception in the ‘German’ and ‘Austrian’ popular sex discourse. Using examples of weekend and youth magazines, popular advice books and films, it asks why these national images were discussed and what their social, cultural and political context was.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9340-7
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • “Color Him Black”: Erotic Representations and the Politics of Race in
           West German Homosexual Magazines, 1949–1974
    • Authors: Christopher Ewing
      Pages: 382 - 403
      Abstract: This piece analyzes the tensions between racial liberalism and erotic representations in West German homosexual-oriented magazines between 1949 and 1974. Relying primarily on publications such as Der Kreis, Die Insel/Der Weg, Amigo, and Du & Ich, this paper argues that as white West German homosexual men made a case for the end of legal discrimination and for social acceptance, they often constructed their arguments and identity as a persecuted minority in relation to the struggles and imagined experiences of colonized men and racial minorities. At the same time, however, many homosexual men still maintained a set of assumptions about racial difference that exoticized and essentialized men of color, assumptions that are particularly apparent in the erotic representations (both visual and literary) of men of color that appeared in these magazines. I further argue that, although historians of homosexuality in West Germany have traditionally viewed 1969 as a break, due to the radical changes in gay life that followed the 1969 reform of the anti-sodomy statute, the tensions between racial liberalism and exoticization continued well into the 1970s and in a remarkably similar published format. The contradictions within these magazines add to the growing literature on both homosexuality and race in postwar West Germany. Through the close examination of a medium that was crucial to the formation of homosexual communities and the development reformist politics, we can more fully understand the complexities and tensions on which minority politics were built in the wake of fascism.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9345-2
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Suburban Subversions: Swingers and the Sexual Revolution
    • Authors: Eir-Anne Edgar
      Pages: 404 - 422
      Abstract: This article discusses how the 1965 Supreme Court Griswold v. Connecticut decision, which narrowly defined marital privacy to include only monogamous and reproductive sex, contextualizes depictions of suburban swingers. Focusing on narratives of swingers in John Updike’s Couples and Rick Moody’s novel The Ice Storm, issues of privacy and surveillance complicate and problematize marital sexuality, making swinging difficult to sustain. The confluence of restrictive legal and liberal cultural discourses and their influence on marital relationships are depicted in the texts examined in this article, which offer insight into the problem of marital privacy. Updike’s novel Couples depicts swinging as a revolutionary act: in one sense, swinging upends the post war, conservative marital structure, and in another, it results in a “revolution,” a circuit back to where the couples began. This article then turns to Rick Moody’s 1994 novel The Ice Storm, which offers a retrospective look at suburban sexual excess and the negative impact this behavior had on the children of the privileged suburban enclave. The confluence of different legal, social, and cultural pressures on married couples to maintain normative sexual behavior cannot be overcome in these texts.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9382-x
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Abuse Porn: Reading Reactions to Boys Halfway House
    • Authors: Joseph Brennan
      Pages: 423 - 440
      Abstract: Boys Halfway House is a gay bareback pornography website that purports to host the recorded abuse exploits of managers of a halfway house. It is a recent addition to the genre niche of abuse and exploitation pornography sites that have surfaced in recent years. This article reads viewer commentary of scene updates on review site so as to consider the controversy associated with the proliferation of gay ‘abuse porn’, and of Boys Halfway House and its theme in particular. More than 500 comments over a 2-year period help explain Boys Halfway House as a variant of extreme pornography, and canvas a range of views on rape and humiliation fantasy in gay porn more broadly. The study ends with discussion of the anxieties and appreciations the site has prompted in viewers, and the presentation of two themes in particular: ‘bad porn’ and ‘harmful porn’. Also considered are the ethical implications of such male sexual abuse fantasies, which is a subject of lasting trauma for victims, and one that poses unique challenges in wider contexts.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9397-3
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Beyond Inclusion: Non-monogamies and the Borders of Citizenship
    • Authors: Pablo Pérez Navarro
      Pages: 441 - 458
      Abstract: This paper aims to understand the extent to which monogamy operates not only as a constitutive element of marriage-like institutions but also as a meta-judicial source of frequently overlooked forms of state violence. Drawing on the case of the Spanish law, it explores the privilege-driven logic that regulates the access to a complex set of economic benefits and legal protections, including immigration related rights, in order to show the extent to which monogamy is part of the grounding structure of an exclusionary constitutional citizenship. In addition, drawing on semi-structured interviews held with Spanish poly activists and biographical interviews held with LGBTQ non-monogamous people, it offers a view of non-monogamous communities as paramount spaces of resistance when it comes to re-imagining the relationship between the state and the intimate realm, beyond the mere inclusion of poly and other non-monogamous intimate relationships in certain pieces of legislation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9398-2
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Using Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies to Predict Condom Use Among a
           General Sample of Men and Women in the United States
    • Authors: Joseph M. Currin; Julie M. Croff; Randolph D. Hubach; Bridget M. Miller
      Pages: 459 - 470
      Abstract: Sex-related alcohol expectancies (SRAE) are known to moderate the relationship between alcohol use and risky sexual behavior in high risk populations; however, SRAEs have not been thoroughly explored in populations traditionally viewed at lower risk for HIV and/or STI. Participants (n = 649) were recruited through internet-based direct marketing in the United States. Predictors of SRAE vary by gender. Controlling for alcohol use and other predictors, age predicted condom use among women, and SRAE was correlated with condom use for men. Sexual health programming geared towards non-traditionally identified high-risk populations is necessary and provides unique opportunities to increase condom usage.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9399-1
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Subcultures, Narratives and Identification: An Empirical Study of BDSM
           (Bondage, Domination and Submission, Discipline, Sadism and Masochism)
           Practices in Italy
    • Authors: Laura Zambelli
      Pages: 471 - 492
      Abstract: I present a subcultural analysis of the Italian Bondage, Domination, Sadism and Masochism (BDSM) community based on recent empirical findings. The research involved over 1 year of participant observation into the BDSM community of Milan and 43 interviews with members or key witnesses. Throughout the article, I explore the heuristic value of the category of subculture in highlighting important features of BDSM groups. Subcultures are intended as formed by: (1) norms, behaviours, narratives, and artefacts that circulate in a group, and (2) a sense of identification, or subcultural participation in a community. I then present four ideal types of BDSM practitioners based on the degrees of subcultural identification with the group and of display of BDSM-identification throughout practitioners’ everyday life. Some empirical examples are provided. In addition, I describe the formation of the BDSM subculture in Italy in the last 40 years as recollected by long-term members and key witnesses. Besides, I discuss its most recent developments. A subcultural analysis of BDSM groups allows the identification of group elements like power structures and shifting roles, and the different degrees of emotional and cultural involvement of social actors in the group.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9400-z
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • “I was and still am”: Narratives of Bisexual Marking in the
           #StillBisexual Campaign
    • Authors: Kirsten A. Gonzalez; Johanna L. Ramirez; M. Paz Galupo
      Pages: 493 - 515
      Abstract: This research investigated narratives of bi-erasure and bisexual marking by considering 53 video confessionals associated with the #StillBisexual campaign. #StillBisexual is a web-based campaign that targets myths about bisexuality and promotes bisexual identity visibility. Thematic analysis was conducted to identify emergent themes regarding the ways that individuals mark and make known their bisexuality. Three major themes of bisexual demarcation emerged including the enduring nature of bisexuality, defining bisexuality, and defining the self as a bisexual being. Discussion focuses on describing bisexual marking approaches by #StillBisexual participants and by analyzing the way bisexual demarcation challenges assumptions of monosexism and cisgenderism inherent to cultural conceptualizations of sexuality.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9401-y
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Sexual Coercion Among Students at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana
    • Authors: Sarah D. Rominski; Cheryl A. Moyer; Eugene K. M. Darteh; Michelle L. Munro-Kramer
      Pages: 516 - 533
      Abstract: Sexual coercion refers to strategies that result in an individual engaging in sexual activity against his or her will. Ecological factors influence the way sexual interactions occur; however, the relationship between these factors and sexual coercion has not been explored among university students in Ghana. The purpose of this study was to examine sexual coercion among university students in Ghana by specifically examining individual-level factors (age, gender, sexual debut, age differential with first partner, being in an intimate relationship, history of abortion, and past experiences with transactional sex) and the experience of forced and coerced sex. Residential students at the University of Cape Coast were invited to participate and completed a survey on a tablet computer. Questions included demographics; sexual and reproductive health experiences and knowledge; and attitudes and experiences with abortion. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine individual-level factors associated with experiences of sexual coercion and forced sex. There were 480 females and 556 males that completed the survey; 26.3 and 16.4% reported having had intercourse either because they were forced or coerced, or when they were “very unwilling”. These students were more likely to be female (OR 3.5), to have had an abortion (OR 2.9), and to have engaged in transactional sex (OR 1.9). Many University of Cape Coast students are experiencing forced or coerced sex. Programs targeting both female and male students as both victims and perpetrators of sexual violence in this population are sorely needed. Primary prevention of sexual violence is one promising field.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9402-x
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Compiling a Lexicon of Pornography Using Web, WordNet and FrameNet to
           Develop an Individual Pornographic Index
    • Authors: Bacem A. Essam
      Pages: 534 - 548
      Abstract: Online pornography, hypersexuality, sexual compulsivity or impulsivity as well as preoccupation of sexual thoughts and behaviors are measured using diverse psychometric scales. The construct validity and applicability vary vastly among these scales. This paper introduces, therefore, a new index for measuring individual pornographic interests and underpins the literature of pornography. It also defines the necessary procedures required for compiling a dynamic lexicon of pornography, based on linguistic, cognitive and ontological facets, to allow for the development and evaluation of an Individual Pornographic Index (IPI). Such an index is ushered to replace the fidelity of a speaker (patient/applicant) by the fidelity of the spoken/written discourse (e.g., tweets and posts). WordNet and FrameNet are used to introduce all the semantically-related content words; boosting the selectional restrictions. Web-based exploration of online writings and database is also enabled to fetch the pertinent colloquial and slang pornographic lexical entries. Having compiling such a set of data, a working definition of ‘pornography’ is suggested. Results suggest that computational linguistics can be useful in measuring pornographic indices of individual written discourses. Moreover, WordNet’s definition of pornography needs to be revisited and so do its ontolexical relations. Interoperability between Web, WordNet and FrameNet is fruitful in enriching the ontolexical seeds of this introduced lexicon and in suggesting several missing frames in FrameNet. More important, the proposed IPI can interestingly help psychiatrists assess the (hyper)sexuality status of individuals through their free writings.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9403-9
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • “When You Talk About Virginity It’s About Females”: Views on
           Virginity Among University of Ghana Students
    • Authors: Philip Ababio; Joana Salifu Yendork
      Pages: 549 - 568
      Abstract: This qualitative article examines views of students at the University of Ghana on the topic of virginity with specific focus on its gendered meaning and relative significance in modern times. One-on-one interviews were conducted with 30 purposively selected research participants with the aid of an interview guide. Through thematic analysis, the results indicated that the majority of the respondents believed that virginity has been stereotyped on women due to the patriarchal cultural systems and the significance of the hymen. It was also found that the participants constructed their perspectives on virginity based on religious obligations, repercussions of sex and sexual health. Reactions to virginity loss also differed on gender. Implications of this study include the need for public conscientization on the repercussions of sexual activities, direct parent–child discourse about sex and the need for counseling centers within social institutions to offer advice and support to the youth on the subject matter.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9404-8
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • ‘When Difference Gets in the Way’: Young People, Whiteness and
    • Authors: Monique Mulholland
      Pages: 593 - 612
      Abstract: Scholars of young people and sexualisation have noted an omission of studies that attend to race and whiteness. In the main, a white-Anglo middle-class child is placed at the centre of media, policy and academic debates about the effects, production and consumption of sexualised media. In light of this, it is important to ask: how can research in this area disrupt the tendency to place normative white subjects at the centre of debates, and position ‘raced others’ at the sidelines? Drawing on postcolonial and critical race and whiteness theory, this paper presents the findings from a study undertaken in South Australia with young people and young adults from a broad variety of cultural backgrounds. Through a series of focus groups designed to explore participant views of sexualised media, a powerful set of resistant narratives emerged. Firstly, participants discussed how their views on sex and sexuality are often read ‘through difference’. They revealed how ‘difference gets in the way’, frustrating conversations they want to have about sexy media, along with moments when they felt stereo-typed and type-cased. Secondly, by presenting perspectives of sexualised media on their own terms, participant narratives were not constrained or bounded by fixed cultural viewpoints. Through a series of ‘transitional moves’, participants employed notions of freedom, individual choice and rights, expressing an urgent desire to speak ‘outside of difference’.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9406-6
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Japanese Millennials and Intersex Awareness
    • Authors: Jeniece Lusk
      Pages: 613 - 626
      Abstract: This paper investigates the awareness, attitudes, and opinions of Japanese millennials about intersex people. This research attempts to fill a gap in extant literature concerning the intersex in Asia via an exploratory analysis. The LGBTQ(I) discourse of Japan mimics that of the west; often the “I” is totally disregarded. Here, a snapshot of Japanese millennial awareness is offered using survey results collected from a convenience sample of Japanese college students. Findings suggest that the understanding of what the term “intersex” means is limited. An interesting argument addressing the differential treatment of one’s sex versus one’s sexuality via queering is offered, alongside proposals for further exploration that may be conducted in the future. In addition, a comparison to Western awareness and understanding would be an appropriate next step.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9407-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • Dual Contradictory Effects of Self-Objectification on Sexual Satisfaction
    • Authors: Meysam H. Barzoki; Osmo Kontula; Hossein Mokhtariaraghi; Nasimosadat Mahboubishariatpanahi
      Pages: 627 - 642
      Abstract: Objectification theory provides an explanatory conceptual framework for describing women’s lived experiences. The goal of this study was to examine the relations between media consumption, self-sexualizing behavior, and sexual satisfaction within the objectification framework. Responses from a sample of 298 married Iranian women, chosen using multistage and cluster sampling methods, were collected to explore this relationship. The results revealed that while most of the variables had a negative effect on sexual satisfaction, self-sexualizing behavior had a positive effect. The link between media consumption and sexual satisfaction was mediated by body shame and self-sexualizing behavior. Media consumption, body surveillance, and body shame were positively associated with self-sexualizing behavior and accounted for approximately 24% of its variance. Discussion focuses on the contradictory effect of self-objectification and self-sexualizing behavior on sexual satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9408-z
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • So You Want to Write a Sexuality Textbook? Look Before You Leap
    • Authors: David Knox
      Pages: 643 - 649
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9415-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017)
  • A Phenomenological Study of Identifying as Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual in an
           Islamic Country
    • Authors: Nicholas C. Scull; Khadeja Mousa
      Abstract: Ten adult Kuwaitis (four women and six men) who self-identified as being gay, lesbian, or bisexual (GLB) participated in in-depth semi-structured interviews examining their experience of being a sexual minority and living in a socially conservative Islamic country. The data were analyzed using interpretive phenomenology and yielded four primary themes including the role of religion and culture, risks, coping, and influential political factors. These themes help understand the ways in which LGB individuals in Kuwait integrate their sexual identity with religious and cultural factors and navigate a socially conservative society. The results of the study have implications for political and social policies in Kuwait, and for more culturally-sensitive models of sexual identity development among Arab populations.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9447-5
  • Dynamics in the Notions of Sexuality Among Three Generations of Bulgarian
    • Authors: Shaban Darakchi
      Abstract: Based on ethnographic research in a Muslim town in Bulgaria, this study provides a comparative analysis, exploring the modernization of sex and sexuality within three generations of Pomaks (Slavic Muslims). Although the modernization of sexuality was “postponed” by the repression against Muslims in Bulgaria during communism known as “Rebirth process”, the results from the study show that the detraditionalization of sexuality is not a rapid and recent process and that different (hidden) forms of sexual/intimate interaction have existed long before the democratic changes after 1989. The liberalization of the sexual attitudes after 1989 was strongly intensified by the opening of a high school in the community, the development of the local economy, and the influence of media. The emerging non-traditional models of sexual behavior and attitudes are initiated primarily by women with higher education within the context of women rights and independence. However, the modernization is not a homogeneous linear process but is rather adapted to the local customs and expectations and depends greatly on the educational status of women. Paying particular attention to the women’s sexuality, this study analyzes the processes of detraditionalization of sexuality in comparison to another Muslim community in Bulgaria known for its re-traditionalization in terms of gender and sexuality because of the influence of Arabic organizations. The results suggest that the ethnic isolation and the following need for ethnic identification of Pomaks has intensified two opposite tendencies regarding sexual attitudes in two similar communities.
      PubDate: 2017-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9446-6
  • Ken Kesey: One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest
    • Authors: Brandon Muncan; Carlotta Mainescu
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9445-7
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