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Journal Cover   Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.269]   [H-I: 9]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2302 journals]
  • There are Different Ways of Knowing
    • PubDate: 2015-03-18
  • Robert Beachy: Gay Berlin. Birthplace of a Modern Identity
    • PubDate: 2015-03-12
  • The Intimate World of Men’s Sexual Problems: Portuguese Men’s
           and Women’s Narratives Explicated Through a Mixed Methods Approach
    • Abstract: Abstract This study used a mixed methods approach to investigate the intimate world of men’s sexual problems in Portugal, and particularly erectile dysfunction, focusing on the interplay between individual, societal and relational factors. First, a community-based survey was designed, with 323 primary health care users, to investigate how sociocultural factors influence experiences and representations of sexual problems. Second, a qualitative study, involving in-depth interviews with a subsample of ten heterosexual men, complemented by five heterosexual women’s narratives, concerning men’s sexual problems, was carried out to understand the meaning of sexual problems from a lay perspective. Statistical analysis of quantitative data was carried out through logistic regressions to evaluate the sociodemographic predictors of lay representations of sexual problems. Qualitative data were analyzed using an empirically grounded typology. The role of individuals in the construction of sexual dysfunctions, particularly erectile dysfunction, was explored using sexual script theory. Key findings revealed the impact of sexual problems on daily life. Gender analysis results contributed to the understanding of how men and women challenge the definition of sexual problems as normal changes versus dysfunctional changes. Specific patterns of change in sexual experiences and sexual problems were identified in the Portuguese gendered society, which can possibly be applied to other nations and cultures.
      PubDate: 2015-03-05
  • The Sexual Scripts and Identity of Middle-Class Russian Women
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this article is to provide an analysis of changes in the organization of sexual life among Russian women and to describe a spectrum of sexual scripts that characterize different generations. Based on biographical interviews with urban middle-class women we identify five such scripts of sexual life. On one hand, the analysis shows that representatives of the late Soviet generations are oriented towards the pronatal, romantic and friendship scripts of sexual relationships. Soviet women faced structural barriers in their sexual lives: gender inequality and lack of institutional provision of sexual practices. On the other hand, the analysis shows that the sexual culture of women belonging to the younger, post-Soviet generation differs considerably from that of their (demographic) mothers and grandmothers, the women of the Soviet generations. Among the women belonging to the post-Soviet generation, the hedonistic and instrumental scripts become more articulate. The current rationalization trend in sexual life presumes women’s conscious choice of sexual partners and reproductive strategies. Women are reflexive towards their sexual desire and represent agency, acting intentionally in order to control intimate relationships in which they are involved. However, young women also face numerous barriers caused by the lack of institutional reflexivity on sexuality and gender polarization.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Desirable Masculinity/Femininity and Nostalgia of the
           “Anti-Modern”: Bab el-Hara Television Series as a Site of
    • Abstract: Abstract The following essay analyzes the kinds of desires and commentaries on masculinity, social issues, and family ties that Bab el-Hara, a Syrian television series, evokes. It addresses the relationship between the national and popular media in the region, family relations and notions of femininity, and masculinity. Through content analysis and group discussion, the paper concludes that the series promotes a notion of antimodern masculinity. This anti-modern masculinity is coupled or promoted through nostalgic notions of ideal systems of justice, family, and masculinity/manhood that are in direct contrast to the failures of the nation/state to deliver in the pre-Arab Spring context. In other words, the paper argues that through evoking a sense of nostalgia for a “mythic” past, it links between a nationalist desirable masculine ‘antimodernity’ and particular desires around family relations, femininity, and women, which find broad appeal in the political context of the Arab world today, thus fostering commentary on the difficult current positions of women’s rights struggles in the contemporary gender politics of the region. I argue that the show’s promotion of an ‘anti-modern’ masculinity capable of delivering justice on the national front erodes the possibility of a gender justice future particularly in the context of the aftermath of the Arab Spring.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • “Topping from the Bottom”: Relational Convergence of Meaning
           in Domestic Discipline Relationships
    • Abstract: Abstract Domestic discipline (DD) is a relational approach that advocates wifely submission and male dominance through the use of disciplinary tactics such as spanking. Because DD is seen as a deviant behavioral approach to relationships, women often turn to the blogs in order to chronicle their experiences with DD. The purpose of this study is to explore how women in DD relationships document their journey and make sense of participating in a dominant–submissive relationship. In this study, we qualitatively analyzed 592 blog posts. Our analysis revealed that the women construct a meaning of relationships which conflicts with contemporary understandings of feminism, marriage, and relationship empowerment. These women’s blogs provide an explanation of relationships which (1) showcases women’s struggles with letting go of their independence, (2) positions men as dominant, and (3) celebrates feminine submissiveness and gender inequality.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Communicating Sexual Identities: A Typology of Coming Out
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examines 258 narratives from 130 individuals to develop a typology of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) coming out conversations. After exploring current strengths and limitations of coming out models and establishing the need for examining coming out conversations, data are analyzed to create a typology of seven common ways coming out conversations are enacted (pre-planned, emergent, coaxed, confrontational, romantic/sexual, educational/activist, or mediated). In addition to providing much-needed inquiry into LGB coming out conversations, this article encourages potential further research into practical aspects of coming out conversations and other LGB-oriented disclosure practices as well as the development of broader models of coming out.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Portrayals of Sex and Sexuality in Gay- and Lesbian-Oriented Media: A
           Quantitative Content Analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Media serve as vital sources of sexual information for adolescents exploring their sexual identities. Research suggests that mainstream media sanitize depictions of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) individuals, preventing LGB characters from engaging in realistic sexual talk or sexual behaviors. Beyond mainstream media, however, a niche media industry designed, produced, and marketed specifically for gay and lesbian audiences has become increasingly accessible. Despite the growing visibility of gay- and lesbian-oriented (GLO) media, no empirical research has quantified the depiction of sex and sexuality in this media genre. The current study reports the results of a quantitative content analysis of sexual instances in GLO television, film, and music popular with LGB youth. Results indicate that LGB depictions occur with greater frequency than heterosexual depictions in GLO media, most LGB depictions are validating in nature, and gay males are depicted significantly more than lesbian women or bisexual individuals. The diversity of LGB relationships, sexual interests, and sexual behaviors are also acknowledged in GLO media, suggesting that LGB individuals are portrayed in realistic sexual situations rarely portrayed in mainstream media. Additionally, comparisons between GLO media and mainstream media suggest that GLO media depict LGB sexualities more frequently and in more validating contexts than mainstream media. Possible effects of exposure to GLO media among youth are discussed in terms of the social identity perspective.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Intra- and Inter-personal Barriers to Condom Use Among College Students: A
           Review of the Literature
    • Abstract: Abstract Research indicates that a large number of youth participate in risky sexual behaviors, including: having sex with multiple partners, not participating in discussions on safer sex practices, and not using condoms consistently when engaging in sexual activities. These behaviors put college students at an increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus, sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy. The purpose of this paper is to identify factors that may act as intra- and interpersonal barriers to condom use and to provide recommendations to increase condom use among college students. A review of the literature was performed which resulted in 15 articles identifying and discussing common barriers to condom use. Multiple factors were found to serve as barriers to condom use including (a) relationship dynamics; (b) perception of risk; and (c) gender roles. These barriers are summarized and recommendations are given to improve the rate of condom use among college students.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • “You go home and tell that to my dad!” Conflicting Claims and
           Understandings on Hymen and Virginity
    • Abstract: Abstract In this article I examine different understandings of and claims concerning virginity. Several young women in Sweden suffer from strong patriarchal chastity ideals, even to the extent that some undergo surgery to restore a lost virginity. Swedish sexual politics, believing strongly in the power of evidence based information, have a clearly stated agenda to prevent this by “eradicating the hymen myth” through informative campaigns in schools and by educating professionals who encounter the problem. At the same time, the targeted teenagers themselves seem to hold a multifaceted and contextual view on the matter. They may be fed scientific information in school, and gain anatomically correct knowledge of the hymen, but they also need to maneuver within a different normative field where the hymen plays a symbolic role rather than a factual one. In the article I explore the charged discourse around the hymen, analyze the narratives of teenage informants who tell me of their thoughts and experiences in the matter, and discuss the possible different purposes served by the upholding of the concept. I argue that intellectual, factual knowledge is not necessarily relevant when dealing with emotionally and culturally charged beliefs, and that the ideologically driven agenda of “the truth shall set you free” is not fully in touch with the complex social reality of those who are subjected to the chastity ideals. Attacking misconceptions around the hymen does not necessarily recognize the principal dilemma of the collective asserting power over the individual in matters concerning relationships and sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Dyadic Relationship Values in Chinese Online Daters: Love American
    • Abstract: Abstract Documented differences exist between Eastern and Western attitudes and beliefs about romantic relationships, but some authorities argue that dyadic relationship values are becoming increasingly Westernized. Accordingly, we surveyed current beliefs structures in a large sample (n = 11,300) of male and female subscribers to a major matchmaking site in China, drawing on Sternberg’s classic Triangular Theory of Love (passion, intimacy, and commitment). Consistent with previous findings, dyadic relationship values conformed to a unidimensional Rasch model, although the relative importance of these values varied by age and sex. As predicted, themes related to the component of commitment, and to some extent intimacy, were consistently rated as more salient than themes associated with passion. Unexpectedly, values reflecting passion tended to be rated as more salient than themes related to family/status. Men across all age brackets rated passion and ambition as more salient than the women did, whereas both sexes agreed on the relative importance of financial security. Over all, the results substantiated specific cultural differences reported in the literature but also revealed trends suggesting that contemporary Chinese society is moving closer to love “American style.”
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Third Wave Feminism and Emerging Adult Sexuality: Friends with Benefits
    • Abstract: Abstract Using U.S. third wave feminism as the cultural backdrop, this study examines emerging adults’ participation in heterosexual “friends with benefits” (FWB) relationships. We investigate both the role of gender and feminism in FWB relationships at a United States college, and ask whether identification with feminist ideology impacts students’ motivations and assessments of their relationships. Through the use of an anonymous survey, our research explores whether and how young women and men engage in FWB relationships, the degree to which they find such relationships fulfilling, and the presence of social stigma or acceptance related to this sexual behavior. While we find some gender differences in motives for and satisfaction with FWB relationships, we also suggest that the association between sexual agency and participation in a friends with benefits relationship is complicated and requires further research and exploration.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Spanking Natasha: Post-Soviet Pornography and the Internet
    • Abstract: Abstract The collapse of Communism and the advent of the internet shifted the center of gravity in violent spanking pornography from Japan and Great Britain to the Czech Republic and Russia. Exploiting the vagueness of anti-pornography legislation, Czech and Russian internet pornographers displayed a propensity for realistic violence that surprised even veteran observers of the spanking genre, and viewers have speculated about ties to international slave trafficking known as the Natasha trade. Such links have not moved beyond speculation, and Czech companies have taken steps to distance themselves from such charges, while Russian producers of spanking pornography have emerged as the world’s most violent.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Understanding the Cheating Heart: What Determines Infidelity
    • Abstract: Abstract Infidelity is experienced in many relationships. This paper seeks to determine the correlates of infidelity intentions among a sample of 512 individuals. Results imply that favourable attitudes, social approval and the perceived ease of attracting a partner are positively related to infidelity intentions. More than this, attitudes were the most significant correlate of infidelity intentions. Attitudes, in turn, were influenced by gender, religiosity and infidelity experiences.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Sarah Toulalan and Kate Fisher (eds): The Routledge History of Sex and the
           Body, 1500 to the Present
    • PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Let’s (Not) Talk about Sex: The Gender of Sexual Discourse
    • Abstract: Abstract Although much attention is given to women’s sexuality, sex is often an uncomfortable or avoided topic. There are taboos about women openly discussing their own sexual behavior, sexual desire, or sexual problems in large part because sex talk is masculinized. Based on in-depth interviews with a diverse group of ninety-five women aged 20–68, we examine gendered discourses about sexuality. We find that most women are uncomfortable talking about sex in general and fear judgment for communicating desire or talking about sexual behavior. Yet, when women construct sex-related conversations in a feminine way, such as a means of supporting a friend or emotional bonding, they are more open to sex talk. Furthermore, we see women’s talk or avoidance of sex talk as compliant with interaction norms and gendered face-saving behavior for themselves and others.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Merril D. Smith (Ed.): Cultural Encyclopedia of the Breast
    • PubDate: 2014-12-23
  • Susan Starr Sered and Maureen Norton-Hawk (eds.): Can’t Catch a
           Break—Gender, Jail, Drugs, and the Limits of Personal Responsibility
    • PubDate: 2014-12-21
  • Amba Jamilla Musser: Sensational Flesh: Race, Power, and Masochism
    • PubDate: 2014-12-21
  • Reasons for Women’s Entry into Sex Work: A Case Study of Kolkata,
    • Abstract: Abstract Several studies have cited economic hardships or poverty as the main reason for women’s entry into sex work in India. While this may be true, it is still a vague reason. For better understanding and to develop meaningful intervention, we need to dig deeper and find more specific reasons for women’s entry into sex work. In addition, while most studies conducted among sex workers in India rely on survey-based approaches to explore women’s reasons for entry into sex work, there have been no studies to date which have used cultural biography to examine how sex work becomes a livelihood option for women in Indian society. Based on the analysis of the 46 short-life portraits and three life-history interviews collected from ‘flying’ or mobile female sex workers over a period of 7 months (December 2009–July 2010) in Kolkata, India, this paper examines the socio-cultural and economic factors that influence women’s decisions to enter into sex work. This study found that women choose sex work vis-à-vis other employment opportunities because it provides them with more freedom and autonomy over their bodies, higher earnings, flexible hours of work, and much flexibility to manage their dual responsibilities of a nurturer and provider. Because of this complex structure of causation, HIV prevention programs must address the larger issues of workplace sexual harassment, minimum living wage and child day care policy to disincentivize women’s entry into the sex industry.
      PubDate: 2014-12-04
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