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    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
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HOMOSEXUALITY (38 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2209 journals]   [SJR: 0.214]   [H-I: 7]
  • Let’s (Not) Talk about Sex: The Gender of Sexual Discourse
    • Abstract: Abstract Although much attention is given to women’s sexuality, sex is often an uncomfortable or avoided topic. There are taboos about women openly discussing their own sexual behavior, sexual desire, or sexual problems in large part because sex talk is masculinized. Based on in-depth interviews with a diverse group of ninety-five women aged 20–68, we examine gendered discourses about sexuality. We find that most women are uncomfortable talking about sex in general and fear judgment for communicating desire or talking about sexual behavior. Yet, when women construct sex-related conversations in a feminine way, such as a means of supporting a friend or emotional bonding, they are more open to sex talk. Furthermore, we see women’s talk or avoidance of sex talk as compliant with interaction norms and gendered face-saving behavior for themselves and others.
      PubDate: 2014-10-12
  • Third Wave Feminism and Emerging Adult Sexuality: Friends with Benefits
    • Abstract: Using U.S. third wave feminism as the cultural backdrop, this study examines emerging adults’ participation in heterosexual “friends with benefits” (FWB) relationships. We investigate both the role of gender and feminism in FWB relationships at a United States college, and ask whether identification with feminist ideology impacts students’ motivations and assessments of their relationships. Through the use of an anonymous survey, our research explores whether and how young women and men engage in FWB relationships, the degree to which they find such relationships fulfilling, and the presence of social stigma or acceptance related to this sexual behavior. While we find some gender differences in motives for and satisfaction with FWB relationships, we also suggest that the association between sexual agency and participation in a friends with benefits relationship is complicated and requires further research and exploration.
      PubDate: 2014-10-08
  • Communicating Sexual Identities: A Typology of Coming Out
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examines 258 narratives from 130 individuals to develop a typology of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) coming out conversations. After exploring current strengths and limitations of coming out models and establishing the need for examining coming out conversations, data are analyzed to create a typology of seven common ways coming out conversations are enacted (pre-planned, emergent, coaxed, confrontational, romantic/sexual, educational/activist, or mediated). In addition to providing much-needed inquiry into LGB coming out conversations, this article encourages potential further research into practical aspects of coming out conversations and other LGB-oriented disclosure practices as well as the development of broader models of coming out.
      PubDate: 2014-09-19
  • Intra- and Inter-personal Barriers to Condom Use Among College Students: A
           Review of the Literature
    • Abstract: Research indicates that a large number of youth participate in risky sexual behaviors, including: having sex with multiple partners, not participating in discussions on safer sex practices, and not using condoms consistently when engaging in sexual activities. These behaviors put college students at an increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus, sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy. The purpose of this paper is to identify factors that may act as intra- and interpersonal barriers to condom use and to provide recommendations to increase condom use among college students. A review of the literature was performed which resulted in 15 articles identifying and discussing common barriers to condom use. Multiple factors were found to serve as barriers to condom use including (a) relationship dynamics; (b) perception of risk; and (c) gender roles. These barriers are summarized and recommendations are given to improve the rate of condom use among college students.
      PubDate: 2014-09-03
  • Speaking Like a Queen in RuPaul’s Drag Race: Towards a Speech Code
           of American Drag Queens
    • Abstract: Employing Speech Codes Theory (Philipsen et al. in Theorizing about intercultural communication. Sage, Thousand Oaks, 2005) as my theoretical framework, I examine communicative practices and beliefs as to what it means to speak like a drag queen as portrayed within the reality TV show RuPaul’s Drag Race (RPDR): Season Four. Examining this particular population increases knowledge on how marginalized populations use talk to construct rules of conduct for a coherent identity. Members uphold drag queen speech codes by revealing what it means to speak like a queen. Such items include to look like a “fish,” don’t be “hungry,” be humble, resist negativity, don’t complain, and exude professionalism. These are qualities and characteristics of communication that a drag queen must perform, uphold, and repeat in order to uphold drag family values, thus fulfilling the code of sisterhood that comes with the performance of drag. These are evident within beliefs and everyday talk as portrayed within RPDR.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Girls’ Stories About Their First Sexual Intercourse: Readiness,
    • Abstract: This study introduces Finnish girls’ views on and explanations for the factors contributing to their decisions concerning their first sexual intercourse. The data consists of personal interviews with girls aged 16–19, and stories produced through process drama. The analysis was conducted by narrative methods. Two model story categories of the first sexual intercourse stories were constructed: the close relationship and the casual relationship. The close relationship category consists of elements of two sub-stories: the conventional and the planned love story. The casual relationship category consists of elements of the tragic love, the teenage party and the experience-seeking sub-stories. Being prepared for sex was a shared plot element in all of the first intercourse stories. In the close relationship category the other major explanatory factors were mutual love and a steady relationship. In the casual relationship category the explanatory factors were girl’s affection for the partner without a relationship or getting experience, respectively. The girls’ agency in the use of contraception and the intercourse itself differed between the sub-stories. Girls regarded intercourse as an important step towards their womanhood. Those who work with teenagers should be aware of these stories in order to reinforce those stories where teenagers are active agents.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Age is in the Eye of the Beholder: Examining the Cues Employed to
           Construct the Illusion of Youth in Teen Pornography
    • Abstract: Past research has identified a subgenre of mainstream pornography that attempts to create the illusion for consumers that sex is occurring between an adult and a minor (i.e., a child or young adolescent under the age of 18). This illusion is established through various textual, verbal, visual, and behavioural cues. Although the construction of adult–minor relationships in pornography has received some scholarly attention, there has been no attempt to investigate this phenomenon within pornographic videos available via the Internet. The current study addressed this omission by analyzing for content 150 of the most popular “teen” pornography videos available on three pornography websites. We coded for textual, visual, verbal, and behavioural content that connoted sexual activity between an adult and a minor. Results indicated that a small number of videos (28, 18.7 % of the sample) contained a disproportionate percentage of cues (54.2 %), with the remaining videos containing little or no youth sexualized content. We conclude that only a subsample of videos clearly attempted to portray adult–minor relationships. The prevalence of various cues within the sample was quantified and discussed, as were limitations associated with this study and directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • How do Iranian women from Rafsanjan conceptualize their sexual
    • Abstract: In Iran, women’s sexual behaviors have not been studied in detail. The aim of this study was to explore the sexual meanings generated through the lived experience of women residing in Rafsanjan, a city in the Kerman province, where interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 51 Iranian women. Content analysis was adopted to extract the meanings and perceptions. We categorized the findings into three aspects: sexual capacity, motivation, and performance. Sexual desire was the most important concept that women used when they were referring to their sexual capacity. Marriage was the main institution in which women’s motivation for sexual relationships and encounters resided, and “the priority of men’s sexual needs and characteristics” was identified as the core principle of marriage. The concept of sexual performance was more salient and tied to the husband’s sexual initiation. Analyzing the women’s narratives revealed that women’s sexual self-understandings and their sexual behaviors are strongly determined by “androcentricity”, this being relevant both to sexuality education and reproductive health. Recognition of this issue will facilitate understanding of the cultural foundations of sexuality among Iranians and help health providers in suggesting culturally appropriate and compatible forms of health care.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Condoms, Sex, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Exploring Sexual Health
           Issues Among Asian-Indian College Students
    • Abstract: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to pose a serious risk to college students in the US. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the highest rates of STIs are among college students and adolescents. Specifically regarding Asian-Indian students, more research is needed to thoroughly understand the knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviors of this population. A comprehensive review of the literature found a paucity of studies involving Asian-Indian involvement in sexual activity. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to fill gaps in the research. The present study examined Asian-Indian college students’ involvement in sexual behaviors, overall STI knowledge, condom use rate, perceived benefits and barriers to condom use, and history of STIs and STI testing. A five page survey was completed by 122 Asian-Indian college students. Results indicated that overall STI knowledge was low. Females, students who perceived fewer barriers to condom use and students who had lived in the US for at least 3 years held significantly higher STI knowledge levels than their counterparts. Such findings could be used by community and university-based health educators to more effectively serve the needs of Asian-Indian students.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • The Dildo as a Transformative Political Tool: Feminist and Queer
    • Abstract: Censorship in patriarchal cultures runs deep in pushing dialogues and discussions on sexuality and sexual desires underground. The forbidden nature of these conversations is tighter around women and girls. With the inadequacy of affirmative and safe spaces to talk about sexual desire and pleasure, accessibility and availability of sex toys including dildos becomes significantly difficult, more so for women and other marginalized communities. Discussions about the dildo are further mired in debates between and among feminist and queer ideologies. In this paper, I look at how the dildo could be viewed simultaneously as a tool of oppression as well as of liberation and attempt to address the question: who does the dildo oppress and who does it liberate? I explore the multiple perspectives around the dildo within feminist thought and queer theory with special attention to points of convergence and divergence between them. While some predominant feminist perspectives understand the dildo as a symbol of the phallocentric order, there are others which view it as a tool for transformative politics. Queer theory also views the dildo as a device that can alter and shift traditional hierarchical relationships and be liberating not only for women but also for several marginalized identities including people with disabilities and people living with HIV. Unwrapping some of the ways in which the dildo is perceived, understood and experienced, I suggest that the dildo needs to be interpreted in complex and multi-layered ways.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Virginity for Sale: A Foucauldian Moment in the History of Sexuality
    • Abstract: Natalie Dylan attempted to auction her virginity through the website of a legal Nevada brothel. Public discourses surrounding Dylan’s auction have characterized it as everything from a smart business transaction to the sale of her self-respect. Using a theoretical frame from Foucault, methods of textual construction, and rhetorical methods of analysis guided by cluster criticism, our paper explores how online discourses surrounding the auction enact problematics concerning the concepts of virginity and the interrelationships among women, sex, money, and power in American society. While Dylan’s discourse attempts to create space for sexual women and commodified sexuality as empowering for women, responses to her enterprise indicate there is little room for a woman’s unapologetic offer of her commodified virginity.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • What’s Love Got to Do with It? A Qualitative Grounded Theory
           Content Analysis of Romance Narratives in the PG Era of World Wrestling
           Entertainment (WWE) Programming
    • Abstract: Although numerous studies have examined cultural representations of love and romance in myriad media sources, scarce attention has been paid to such representations in the genre of sports entertainment. As the most popular brand within this genre, World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) is an important conduit of cultural knowledge in which to investigate narratives about modern romance. Using qualitative grounded theory content analysis methods, the current study examined representations of romance narratives in WWE’s two highest rated programs (Monday Night Raw and Friday Night Smackdown!) over a 6 month period. Fifty-two episodes comprising 105 h of televised programming were analyzed. Data analysis revealed evidence of six central romance narratives (Prince Charming, Dark Romance, Femme Fatale, Gold Digger, Cougar, and Woman Scorned). The meanings of these narratives were frequently contradictory in nature, revealing complex ideas about the nature of heterosexual romance. Many of the romantic relationships presented contained elements of multiple narratives, suggesting conflicting presentations of heterosexual gender relations not just across but also within individual relationships. Implications of these findings through the lens of social learning and schema theories are provided.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Transitions: Negotiating Sexual Decision Making in the Life of Students
           Attending a Christian University
    • Abstract: This exploratory study analyzes the responses of 80 open-ended online surveys to examine the sexual beliefs and behaviors of college students aged 18–22 attending a Christian university in the northeastern region of the USA. This study investigates the transitions the participants encountered in relationship to their sexual beliefs and behaviors. The findings of this study indicate that many students at the beginning, middle, or end of their college transition are committed to abstaining from sexual intercourse until marriage. However, there is also a large minority of students who have not made this commitment. Although well over half of the participants self-reported that they would abstain from sexual intercourse until marriage, more than a third are comfortable with, are engaging in, or are contemplating premarital sex.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Vulvodynia: Analysis of an Ancient Problem
    • PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Vaginismus: Another Ignored Problem
    • PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Peter Coviello: Tomorrow’s Parties. Sex and the Untimely in
           Nineteenth-Century America
    • PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Sex Education in Fiji
    • Abstract: In recent decades one of the greatest challenges facing educators around the globe has been providing education programs to assist young people to optimise their sexual health. The increasing influence from the western world has created tensions between the traditional values of the Pacific society and the desire for modernity from the western world; as a result young people are swayed by new ideas, and misunderstandings between the generations have increased. In Fiji, there is a major reluctance and hesitance about breaking perceived taboos and addressing adolescent problems directly and openly. It is not surprising that proposing to address adolescent reproductive health openly in Fiji was viewed as sensitive and potentially controversial. The aim of the study is to highlight the constraints towards teaching sex/sexual education in Fiji schools. An exploratory approach was taken to achieve this objective based on secondary reviews. The findings of the study highlight that cultural barriers as well as barriers of inadequate provision of sex education via the curriculum coupled with lack of support from religious groups/clergy man escalate the risk factors faced by the people of Fiji, particularly students, and hampers their ability to make good decisions about sexual and reproductive health matters. This research will be useful to school and the education practitioners seeking to introduce sex education in schools in Fiji because it covers major constraints to teaching the subject matter that need to be addressed.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Jeffrey Q. McCune, Jr.: Sexual Discretion: Black Masculinity and the
           Politics of Passing
    • PubDate: 2014-05-16
  • Mysterious Skin
    • PubDate: 2014-05-14
  • Lars von Trier’s Manderlay: The Black Body as a Cinematic Gift
    • PubDate: 2014-05-10
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