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SEXUALITY (46 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2336 journals]
  • Sartre and the Imagination: Top Shelf Magazines
    • Authors: John G. Wilson
      Pages: 775 - 784
      Abstract: Abstract This article looks at Sartre’s varied description of the imagination applied to some ethically awkward aspects of non-thetic awareness, focussing on specific ‘photographic analogues’—the nudes displayed on Top Shelf magazine racks. Throughout this imaginative process, his phenomenological aspect of nothingness continuously enhances perception and imagination. An expanded account on the roles of affect, belief and knowledge essential to all that is missing is explored—as something that provides more than we can ever see in reality.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9358-x
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Longitudinal Effects of Religious Media on Opposition to Same-Sex Marriage
    • Authors: Samuel L. Perry; Kara J. Snawder
      Pages: 785 - 804
      Abstract: Abstract Religion and anti-gay prejudice in the United States are closely connected. Yet we still know little about the specific mechanisms through which religious subcultures may shape adherents’ attitudes toward gays and lesbians. This study considers religious media consumption as a unique mechanism through which religious Americans are socialized and embedded within an anti-gay religious subculture. Drawing on panel data from the nationally-representative Portraits of American Life Study, and focusing on opposition to same-sex marriage as a measure of anti-gay prejudice, analyses show that more frequent consumption of religious radio and TV (but not internet) is associated with higher levels of opposition to same-sex marriage over time. These effects remain significant with different model specifications as well as controls for previous attitudes toward same-sex marriage, general media use, sociodemographic and religious characteristics, and intimate contact with gays and lesbians. We propose that consuming religious media over time may influence Americans’ views toward LGBT issues directly through explicit messages about homosexuality and indirectly by embedding Americans within a broader religious subculture (largely, conservative Protestantism) that opposes homosexuality.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9357-y
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Risky Sexual Behaviour Among Married and Cohabiting Women and its
    • Authors: Godswill N. Osuafor; Natal Ayiga
      Pages: 805 - 823
      Abstract: Abstract Risky sexual behaviour continues to be the main means through which sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread in South Africa. However few studies have assessed risky sexual behaviour among married and cohabiting women in this high HIV prevalence country. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the prevalence and identify the predictors of risky sexual behaviour among married and cohabiting women in Mahikeng Local Municipality where HIV is generalized. The study used cross-sectional mixed methods data obtained from 568 women responding to a survey and 33 women participating in in-depth interviews in 2012. All the women were aged 18–49 years, married or cohabiting and were residing in rural and urban areas of Mahikeng Local Municipality at the time of the study. The data was analyzed by the use of the Chi square statistic and a parsimonious binary logistic regression model, and the thematic content analysis method. The study found that 4 in 10 of the women experienced risky sexual behaviour, which was significantly predicted by being in marriage or cohabitation for <5 years, having a partner working in agriculture, government and mining sectors, having sex to achieve motherhood, having the perception by the women that they were unlikely to contract STIs, having the belief that partners have the right to use force to obtain sex and having partners who were unwilling to use condoms. All the above predictors were exacerbated by culturally sanctioned gender inequality and structural factors. The findings suggest that risky sexual behaviour is prevalent among married and cohabiting women in the study area which has serious implication for the marital transmission of STIs and HIV. We suggest interventions that enhance gender equality in sexual decisions and initiatives that encourage men to change their sexual beliefs and values.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9360-3
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Sexual Minority Identity, Viewing Motivations, and Viewing Frequency of
           LGB-Inclusive Television Among LGB Viewers
    • Authors: Kate Winderman; Nathan Grant Smith
      Pages: 824 - 840
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between dimensions of sexual minority identity, viewing motivations, and viewing frequency of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB)-inclusive television (TV) among LGB viewers. Two hundred two LGB adults completed measures regarding sexual minority identity, TV viewing motivations, and frequency of viewing LGB-inclusive TV programs. Analyses revealed that dimensions of sexual minority identity (i.e., internalized homonegativity, acceptance concerns, and identity affirmation) were positively associated with a learning motivation for viewing LGB-inclusive TV. Moreover, a learning motivation mediated the relationship between dimensions of sexual minority identity and frequency of viewing LGB-inclusive TV. These findings have important implications for clinicians, and suggest that engaging with LGB-inclusive TV may represent an important coping strategy for LGB individuals dealing with identity concerns.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9361-2
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Changing Discourse, Learning Sex, and Non-coital Heterosexuality
    • Authors: Joseph A. Diorio
      Pages: 841 - 861
      Abstract: Abstract Young people learn what sex is, how to perform it, and what status it has largely through discourse. Sexual discourse has changed since the mid-twentieth century, but coitus still dominates heterosexual sex talk, and both change and continuity are reflected in adolescent sexual attitudes and behavior. Acceptance of non-coital sexuality among LGBTQ people and heterosexuals has increased, but these behaviors often have a different status when performed by members of each of these groups. Non-coital acts may be legitimately sexual when performed by non-heterosexuals, but coitus remains the paradigmatic heterosexual activity even though young heterosexuals often engage in non-coital behaviors. Young heterosexuals often differentiate real coital sex from quasi-sexual non-coital behaviors, and sexuality researchers, clinicians, and educators frequently reinforce this distinction and threaten the sexual status and self-esteem of young heterosexuals who do not like or cannot perform coitus. Many sexuality professionals urge young heterosexuals to recognize non-coital acts as sexual because of their risks of sexually transmitted infections, but sometimes also undermine this message by describing these acts as preliminaries to or substitutes for coitus. These professionals use an objective language of sexuality which presumably should supplant the mistaken usages of young people, but they overlook their own dependence on culturally constructed sexual discourse, and can impose needless problems on young people.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9359-9
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Premarital Sexual Debut in Emerging Adults of South Asian Descent: The
           Role of Parental Sexual Socialization and Sexual Attitudes
    • Authors: Emilie Eve Gravel; Marta Yolande Young; Chantal Marielle Darzi; Marcela Olavarria-Turner; Andrea Ming-See Lee
      Pages: 862 - 878
      Abstract: Abstract Ethnicity is an important factor in premarital sexual debut as norms regarding appropriate sexual conduct outside of marriage vary considerably across cultures. Emerging adults of South Asian descent living in Western societies are an important demographic group, yet little is known about the factors that contribute to variations in their premarital sexual debut. The goal of this study was to investigate the contributions of parental sexual socialization and attitudes toward premarital sexual behaviors to premarital sexual debut in emerging adults of South Asian descent. University students of South Asian descent (N = 87) aged 18–24 completed a questionnaire containing measures of parental attitudes toward premarital sexual behaviors, their own attitudes toward premarital sexual behaviors, and experience with oral sex and intercourse. Mediation analyses showed that perceptions of mothers’ as more permissive toward premarital sexual behaviors was associated with respondents reporting more permissive attitudes toward premarital sexual behaviors, which in turn was associated with a greater likelihood of having engaged in oral sex and intercourse. No significant effect was found for fathers. These findings suggest that parental sexual socialization may influence emerging adults of South Asian descent’s decision to engage in premarital sexual behaviors through the process of sexual attitudes formation.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9362-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Transgender Dispossession in Transparent : Coming Out as a Euphemism for
    • Authors: Steven Funk; Jaydi Funk
      Pages: 879 - 905
      Abstract: Abstract Since the 1990s, television narratives have increased visibility for LGBTQIA (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, and Asexual) individuals and underscored the need for a deep exploration of the heterosexism (homophobia) that pervades much mainstream American programming (Lee and Meyer in Sex Cult 141:234–250, 2010; Manuel in Soc Semiot 19(3):275–291, 2009). One such serial, Transparent, has been credited by many major media outlets with transforming the way Americans think about transgender, gender expansive (Ehrensaft in Gender born gender made, The Experiment, New York, 2011), or trans*, individuals. Exploring Transparent through Butler and Athanasiou’s (Dispossession: the performative in the political, Polity Press, Cambridge, 2013) framework of dispossession, this essay argues that the depiction of dispossession in Transparent may serve to hypostasize the gender binary rather than to disrupt it. By severing the rhetorical act of “coming out” from the historical pathologization of non-normative sexualities and gender expansiveness in America, Transparent risks undoing the very social progress that it has the potential to further. While the show could powerfully disrupt cisgender privilege (Brydum in The true meaning of the word cisgender, 2015), as of its second season, instead, it merely illustrates how the media produced trans* “coming out” narrative all too often reifies the gender binary and cisgender privilege. Although it is tempting to praise Transparent for its representation of gender expansiveness, its problematic use of the “coming out” rhetoric should not be ignored.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9363-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Constructing Sexuality: A Theory of Stability and Fluidity
    • Authors: James Horley; Jan Clarke
      Pages: 906 - 922
      Abstract: Abstract Theories of human sexuality often rely on bio-evolutionary factors to explain sexual desire and development. Theories that do focus on socio-cultural factors tend to provide limited explanation of individual psychological underpinnings of sexual desire and behaviour. This paper presents an alternative, psychosocial account based on personal construct theory. The role of experience, including the active and constant interpretation of both external and internal events, is afforded a central role. Choice is recognized also as important but only in a channelized or limited manner. Although empirical support is very limited at this point in time, we believe that this theory represents a compelling and testable account of sexual desire and development.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9364-z
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Girls and Sex: A Content Analysis of Sexual Health Depictions in
           HBO’s Girls
    • Authors: Elise M. Stevens; Kyla P. Garrett
      Pages: 923 - 935
      Abstract: Abstract Sex on television has been a topic of interest to scholars and critics alike. History has shown that certain programs break the mold when talking about sex. One show that is currently leading this trend is HBO’s Girls, a fictional comedy-drama show with 4.1 million viewers that has received much attention for its portrayals of sex. This systematic, quantitative content analysis is a case study of the first three seasons of Girls. It examines sexual behaviors, sexual talk, and sexual risk and responsibility. Results revealed kissing to be the most prevalent sexual behavior and talking about own or other’s sexual interests/actions was the most frequent form of sexual talk. Most surprisingly, sexual risk/responsibility was represented much more in Girls than in shows evaluated in previous television content analyses.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9365-y
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • “It’s Not the Right Way to Do Stuff on Facebook:” An Investigation
           of Adolescent Girls’ and Young Women’s attitudes Toward Sexualized
           Photos on Social Media
    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Daniels; Eileen L. Zurbriggen
      Pages: 936 - 964
      Abstract: Abstract Using thematic analysis of interview data, the present study assessed teen girls’ and young adult women’s attitudes toward posting sexualized profile photos on Facebook. In addition, sexualization behaviors depicted in participants’ profile photos were examined. Participants overwhelmingly disapproved (either in a reluctant or a clear manner) of posting a profile photo of oneself in underwear on social media. A somewhat different pattern emerged in attitudes about posting a swimsuit photo in which specific conditions were laid out determining whether swimsuit photos were acceptable or not. Sexualization cues in profile photos were generally low. Findings suggest that posting a sexualized photo on social media comes with relational costs for girls and women. Strategies for educating young people about new media use and sexualization are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9367-9
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Nizarre Qabbani’s Original Versus Translated Pornographic Ideology:
           A Corpus-Based Study
    • Authors: Bacem A. Essam
      Pages: 965 - 986
      Abstract: Abstract Nizarre Qabbani, the modern Arabic poet, has evoked a firestorm of controversy. Some consider him a stunning feminist poet, while others consider him an abysmal anti-feminist erotic one. This study allows his literary works to speak up loud, statistically revealing the dominant genre of his original work and his translated work. This enables the reader to evaluate objectively the original ideology of the poet and the rendered ideology of the translators. A corpus of Qabbani’s complete works is created; the keywords and their concordance are processed automatically and are reviewed manually. A lexicon of his poetic images and symbols is created to focus the light on his filtered-version poems that appeared in the Arabic media. Basic findings are tabulated and compared to the findings of his translated works in order to judge the objectiveness versus subjectiveness and the representativeness versus selectiveness of the translated works.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9369-7
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Sex is a Minor Thing: Parents of Gay Sons Negotiating the Social
           Influences of Coming Out
    • Authors: Joanne Cassar; Marthese Grima Sultana
      Pages: 987 - 1002
      Abstract: Abstract Social influences emanating from cultural and religious factors confront gay young people in their coming out process and often play a part in determining how their parents react to the ‘news’. This article focuses on the ways that social influences revolving around culture, religion and homosexuality interact in ways that shape the perceptions and experiences of Maltese parents in relation to the coming out of their children, as described by them. The study locates the parents as active and passive social agents caught between religious and cultural factors, in ways which involve resistance and complacency, through the production of ‘entanglements’.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9368-8
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Gender’s Role in Misperceptions of Peers’ Sexual Motives
    • Authors: Rose Wesche; Graciela Espinosa-Hernández; Eva S. Lefkowitz
      Pages: 1003 - 1019
      Abstract: Abstract The sexual double standard influences men’s and women’s sexual attitudes and behavior, leading men and women to consider distinct sexual motives, or reasons whether or not to engage in sexual intercourse. The goal of the present paper was to document how the sexual double standard shapes perceptions of peers’ sexual motives. We build on past research by using open-ended questions and measuring perceptions of both same-gender and other-gender peers. The sample included 154 heterosexual college students (50 % female, 49 % European American, 25 % Latino American, 26 % African American) recruited via probability sampling. When we compared perceptions of men’s and women’s sexual motives, we found that participants seemed to rely on the sexual double standard. Participants were more likely to attribute a female-stereotyped motive (e.g., romantic relationship characteristics, feeling “ready”, emotional investment) and less likely to attribute a male-stereotyped motive (“easy”, arousal, physical appearance) to female peers than to male peers. However, when we compared participants’ own motives to perceptions of their peers’ motives, participants overestimated male-stereotyped motives and underestimated female-stereotyped motives in peers, regardless of peer gender, possibly in congruence with stereotypes of hookup culture. These findings demonstrate that, although individuals sometimes rely on the sexual double standard to attribute sexual motives to others, misperceptions of peers’ sexual motives may also be influenced by stereotypes of hookup culture. These misperceptions contribute to pluralistic ignorance that may influence college students’ sexual behaviors.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9370-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Conundrums of Desire: Sexual Discourses of Mexican-Origin Mothers
    • Authors: Daisy Verduzco Reyes
      Pages: 1020 - 1041
      Abstract: Abstract Given the social construction of Latina sexuality as a social problem associated with high fertility and over-sexualization in popular media, Mexican-origin mothers use protective discourses to educate their daughters about their sexuality. Based on in-depth interviews with 34 Mexican-origin women (seventeen mother-daughter dyads), this study explores how mothers communicate with their daughters about not only sexual relations and virginity directly, but also the relevant topics of menstruation, tampon use, and masturbation. I find that mothers’ tend to employ one of two types of sexual discourse: disembodied and objectified or embodied and subjective. In the disembodied and objectified view, mothers urge their daughters to remain virgins until marriage—even avoiding tampon use in order to do so—and expect their daughters to have no interest in sexual pleasure prior to sexual initiation by a man. In the embodied and subjective view, mothers emphasize that sex should be an expression of love and connectedness, ideally in marriage, but they have more flexible views regarding menstruation and masturbation. These findings suggest that Mexican-origin women’s ideas about sexuality are dynamic and complex, while also broadening our understanding of how and through what topics mothers and daughters talk about sex.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9372-z
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • ‘A Girl Who Gets Pregnant or Spends the Night with a Man is No Longer a
           Girl’: Forced Marriage in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
    • Authors: Maroyi Mulumeoderhwa
      Pages: 1042 - 1062
      Abstract: Abstract This article reports fieldwork carried out in 2011 with the aim of investigating the attitudes and reported behavior of young Congolese men and women concerning sexual relationships, including forced marriage. A sample of 56 boys and girls aged 16–20 from two urban and two rural high schools in South Kivu province took part in focus groups and 40 of them were subsequently interviewed individually. Most male and female participants reported that parents would force their daughters to marry their boyfriends if she spent a night with him and came back home because, according, to Bashi tradition, she is ‘no longer a girl’. If their daughter becomes pregnant, most parents would force their daughter to marry the genitor. The onus of preventing sex, pregnancy and rape is on the shoulders of the girl, which is consistent with oppressive patriarchal norms that may perpetuate violence against women.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9373-y
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • The Impact of Religious Commitment on Women’s Sexual Self-Esteem
    • Authors: Dena M. Abbott; Jeff E. Harris; Debra Mollen
      Pages: 1063 - 1082
      Abstract: Abstract Religious commitment is associated with decreased sexual activity, poor sexual satisfaction, and sexual guilt, particularly among women. The purpose of this paper was to investigate how religious commitment is related to sexual self-esteem among women. Participants included 196 female undergraduate students, 87 % of whom identified as Christian. Participants completed the Sexual Self-Esteem Inventory for Women (SSEI-W), Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Revised Religious Fundamentalism Scale, Brief Sexual Attitudes Scale, and a measure of their perception of God’s view of sex. Results suggested that women with high religious commitment held more conservative sexual attitudes. Significant relationships between religious commitment and two subscales (moral judgment and attractiveness) of the SSEI-W revealed that women with high religious commitment were less likely to perceive sex as congruent with their moral values and simultaneously reported significantly greater confidence in their sexual attractiveness. A significant relationship between religious commitment and overall sexual self-esteem was found for women whose religion of origin was Catholicism, such that those with higher religious commitment reported lower sexual self-esteem. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that high religious commitment and perception that God viewed sex negatively independently predicted lower sexual self-esteem, as related to moral judgment. Implications of the findings are provided.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9374-x
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Lotus Blossom or Dragon Lady: A Content Analysis of “Asian
           Women” Online Pornography
    • Authors: Yanyan Zhou; Bryant Paul
      Pages: 1083 - 1100
      Abstract: Abstract A content analysis was undertaken to consider the depiction of sexual behaviors in a random sample of videos from the “Asian Women” category of content on, which is the largest and most popularly visited free online pornography tube site in US. The study has shown that women in the Asian women category were depicted very differently from women in other categories of pornography. Women in Asian women category of pornography were treated less aggressively. In addition, women in Asian women category were less objectified but also had lower agency in sexual activities. Thus, the Asian women stereotype in current pornography is closer to “Lotus Blossom” and far away from “Dragon Lady”. The results are considered in terms of their potential to influence the perceptions of content consumers.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9375-9
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Ellen Wayland-Smith: Oneida. From Free Love Utopia to the Well-Set Table
    • Authors: Florian Georg Mildenberger
      Pages: 1101 - 1102
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9371-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Chris Jennings: Paradise Now: The Story of American Utopianism
    • Authors: David Rosen
      Pages: 1103 - 1107
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9366-x
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
  • Robert D. Tobin: Peripheral Desires. The German Discovery of Sex,
           Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press 2015, 328 pp., $70
    • Authors: Florian Georg Mildenberger
      Pages: 1108 - 1109
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9381-y
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 4 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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