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SEXUALITY (52 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Tracing the Mother to the Daughter, the Self to the Image: Separation
           Anxiety in Beckett’s Footfalls
    • Authors: Ila Ahlawat
      Pages: 651 - 663
      Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses on the allure of the maternal, a metapresence in Samuel Beckett’s play Footfalls. The paper examines the pre-Oedipal role of the mother into shaping the vocal and kinetic rhythms of her daughter. There is a detailed discussion on the force that steers the daughter towards the mother and vice versa and how this force resists the spectacular matricide that the audience longs to commit on the theatrical space. This piece will seek to trace the play of the incestuous auditory and visual intimacy between May, pacing up and down the wooden plank, and her Mother. The paper will also discuss the tendencies of a defensive narcissism in these women that is gratifying, a natural consequence of pathogenic repression and concealment, and symbolizes plenitude and plurality.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9409-y
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • College Student Perceptions of Hypothetical Rape Disclosures: Do
           Relational and Demographic Variables Pose a Risk on Disclosure
    • Authors: Tara M. Emmers-Sommer
      Pages: 664 - 679
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this investigation is to examine male and female students’ perceived believability of various rape disclosures, manipulated by the relationship (e.g., best friend, neighborhood woman) between the discloser and recipient as well as by various demographic characteristics of the discloser (e.g., gender, race, age). Data were collected online from 777 college students at a large southwestern university, of which 60 students did not report their gender. Of those participants who did report their gender, 342 are men and 375 are women. The average age of the sample is 22.23 years old (SD = 5.53). Results indicate that men and women do not differ in terms of reported believability of a discloser’s false rape disclosure to serve an ulterior motive of getting revenge on a man or falsifying a rape due to pregnancy. However, an examination of male and female students’ reports of discloser believability when examining various relational and demographic factors (i.e., best friend, neighborhood woman, young boy, Indian woman, white woman, black woman), indicate that women and men significantly differ in that women are more inclined to believe the discloser of the rape than men. Within gender differences also exist in terms of believability. Discussion and future directions follow.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9411-4
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Examining the Unique Characteristics of a Non-Probability Sample of
           Undocumented Female Sex Workers with Dependent Children: The Case of
           Haitians in the Dominican Republic
    • Authors: Christine Tagliaferri Rael; Alan Sheinfil; Karen Hampanda; Alex Carballo-Diéguez; Andrea Norcini Pala; William Brown
      Pages: 680 - 691
      Abstract: Abstract Haitians in the Dominican Republic (DR) are increasingly marginalized due to recent legislation that stripped Haitian-Dominicans of their citizenship and increased Haitian migrants’ deportation risk. Haitian female sex workers (FSWs) are particularly vulnerable, though little is known about them. This study will help public health efforts targeted at sex workers to better reach Haitian FSWs and address their needs by identifying a profile of characteristics unique to this group compared to Dominican FSWs. Data were collected in 2014 among Haitian and Dominican FSWs in Puerto Plata, DR. Surveys assessed respondents’ demographics, health consciousness, depression, and stigma. Adjusted logistic regressions showed that Haitian FSWs were disadvantaged: they had significantly lower rates of education, more children, and less permanent income. Furthermore, Haitian FSWs were more likely to work independently and for fewer hours. Interestingly, Haitian FSWs internalized less stigma than Dominicans. Though we can only speculate, this could be due to migration for sex work, or the lack of formal employment for Haitians. Initiatives to alleviate poverty, create formal jobs, and overturn discriminatory legislation may have the most impact for Haitian FSWs.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9412-3
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • A Comparison of Sexual Relationships Among Hispanic Men by Sexual
           Orientation: Implications for HIV/STI Prevention
    • Authors: Joseph P. De Santis; Elias Provencio-Vasquez; Holly J. Mata; Bibiana Mancera
      Pages: 692 - 702
      Abstract: Abstract Hispanic men experience high rates of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) when compared to non-Hispanic whites. Many factors contribute to HIV/STI risk among Hispanic men. Some researchers have suggested that primary relationships may be a source of HIV/STIs because some men engage in sexual relationships outside of the primary relationship. However, little is known about this among Hispanic men, and less is known about how sexual relationships differ by sexual orientation. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to determine if Hispanic men engage in sexual relationships outside of primary relationships; and (2) to compare sex outside of primary relationships by sexual orientation. Data for this study were obtained from a larger study that investigated health risks of Hispanic men residing in the U.S.–Mexico border community. Participants were recruited from agencies that provided services to Hispanic men. Participants completed a structured interview that included questions about primary relationships and sex outside of primary relationships. The sample consisted of 103 Hispanic men (50 heterosexual, 43 gay, and 10 bisexual Hispanic men), but two participants refused to answer relationship questions, resulting in a sample of 101 Hispanic men. About one-third of the participants (n = 29) reported sex outside of the primary relationship, but no differences were found between the gay/bisexual and heterosexual men, X 2 (2, N = 101) = 9.91, p = .128. More gay/bisexual men reported sex with the primary partner and another person at the same time than heterosexual men, X 2 (2, N = 101) = 13.32, p = .010. More gay/bisexual men reported open relationships when compared to heterosexual men, X 2 (2, N = 101) = 17.23, p = .008, and more gay/bisexual men reported sex outside the primary relationship without the primary partner’s knowledge, X 2 (2, N = 101) = 15.09. p = .020. However, more heterosexual men reported that condoms were not used for sex outside the primary relationship when compared to gay/bisexual men, X 2 (2, N = 101) = 14.01, p = .029. Sex outside of primary relationships presents some implications for HIV/STI prevention among Hispanic men. Because gay/bisexual men experience higher rates of HIV/STI, more attention needs to be focused on all forms of relationships to prevent acquisition of HIV/STIs. Among heterosexual Hispanic men more attention needs to be given to reinforcement of safer sex practices both outside the primary relationship, and within the primary relationship if high risk sex is occurring outside the primary relationship. More research is needed on the reasons for sex outside the primary relationship among Hispanic men, as well as research to promote safer sex practices when sex occurs outside of the primary relationship.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9410-5
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Accessing Womanhood: Jenna Talackova and the Marking of a Beauty Queen
    • Authors: Emily R. Tamilin; Margaret M. Quinlan; Benjamin R. Bates
      Pages: 703 - 718
      Abstract: Abstract In March 2012, Jenna Talackova was disqualified from the Miss Universe Canada pageant on the grounds that she was not a “naturally-born” female. Following this decision, Talackova and the media contested her exclusion, and Miss Universe allowed her to compete. This manuscript examines the ways that Talackova’s gender performance challenges notions of who can compete as a “true” woman while it simultaneously supports cisnormative understandings of the constitution of preferred womanhood. In their framing, media outlets articulate three markers of preferred womanhood: bodily markers, legal markers, and beauty markers. These three themes situate access to womanhood as contingent upon physical and legal markings, thereby using the narrative about Talackova to both challenge and reify gender norms.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9416-z
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Masculinity, Femininity, Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs, and Rape Myth
           Acceptance Among Heterosexual College Men and Women
    • Authors: Michael D. Barnett; Taylor M. Hale; Kylie B. Sligar
      Pages: 741 - 753
      Abstract: Abstract Previous research has found links between masculinity, femininity, cognition, and rape myth acceptance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sexual dysfunctional beliefs—beliefs about sexuality and gender roles that have been linked to sexual disorders—explain variance in rape myth acceptance beyond that explained by an individual’s masculinity or femininity. Heterosexual college men and women in the U.S. (N = 840) completed a survey online. We found that, among men, masculinity was not associated with rape myth acceptance but that male sexual dysfunctional beliefs were positively associated with rape myth acceptance. Among women, femininity was negatively associated with rape myth acceptance but female sexual dysfunctional beliefs were positively associated with rape myth acceptance. These results suggest that, among both men and women, sexual dysfunctional beliefs are better predictors of rape myth acceptance than masculinity and femininity.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9420-3
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Porn Sex Versus Real Sex: How Sexually Explicit Material Shapes Our
           Understanding of Sexual Anatomy, Physiology, and Behaviour
    • Authors: Cassandra Hesse; Cory L. Pedersen
      Pages: 754 - 775
      Abstract: Abstract Given that consumption of sexually explicit material (SEM) and sexual behaviour are inextricably linked, the purpose of this study was to determine whether the frequency of SEM consumption predicts knowledge of sexual human anatomy, physiology, and typically practiced sexual behaviour. A secondary purpose was to investigate self-perceived effects of SEM consumption and whether participants report SEM as a positive or negative contributor to various aspects of life. Using a modified version of the Pornography Consumption Questionnaire and the Falsification Anatomy Questionnaire, we determined that contrary to expectations, frequency of SEM exposure did not contribute to inaccurate knowledge of sexual anatomy, physiology, and behaviour. Rather, the opposite relationship was found. However, in concert with previous literature, participants reported greater positive self-perceived effects of SEM consumption than negative effects.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9413-2
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Masculinity and Homophobic Violence in Australia’s Recent Past
    • Authors: Stephen Tomsen
      Pages: 813 - 829
      Abstract: Abstract This paper examines a set of research evidence compiled in the last two decades by the author and several of his Australian colleagues to argue that violence directed at gay men, lesbians and transsexuals as ‘sexual minorities’ has not been wholly distinct from other general forms of male perpetrated violence with a broad range of victims including heterosexual women and other men attacked in general male-on-male violence. It observes that harassment and violence directed against sexual groups have been highly gendered and everyday phenomena and narrow views of homophobic prejudice should be refined in order to appreciate this. Furthermore, reflecting on these research findings indicates these violent acts have been widespread and collective social phenomena built on masculine understandings of a sexual mainstream and subordinate others. By focusing upon the masculine facets of this violence it can be seen that much of this violence has been a hostile response to sexual and gender non-conformity through which male perpetrators have sought to enact, police and reinforce sexual hierarchies and gender boundaries. There is contemporary research uncertainty about the real extent of sexual prejudice and related violence in Australia and similar liberal democratic nations around the globe. Nevertheless, it is evident that this social phenomenon had a key historical role in signaling socially acceptable masculine appearance and behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9423-0
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Family and Homosexuality in Chinese Culture: Rights Claims by
           Non-heterosexuals in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Ka Ki Chan
      Pages: 845 - 859
      Abstract: Abstract Family of origin is one of the less-studied areas to have been investigated during the rights-claiming process by non-heterosexuals. This paper discusses how family of origin plays a significant role in the claiming of rights (such as the authority to make health care or medical treatment, funeral arrangement and inheritance) by non-heterosexuals in Hong Kong. Because of the functional specificities of Chinese families and their perceptions of homosexuality, Chinese non-heterosexuals are eager to introduce their sexuality to their family of origin rather than participate in a more separated approach to coming out. This process constitutes a “coming home” approach to coming out as a member of a gender or sexual minority group. The negative effects of exclusion and ignorance not only affect the mental health of non-heterosexuals in Hong Kong but also shape and create social barriers to the claiming of rights. Findings from this study reveal that family of origin is a significant factor deterring non-heterosexuals from considering, planning or taking action to claim sexual citizenship rights.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9425-y
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Same-Sex Marriage: A Dilemma for Parish Clergy
    • Authors: Andrew Kirby; Barbara McKenzie-Green; Judith McAra-Couper; Shoba Nayar
      Pages: 901 - 918
      Abstract: Abstract Same-sex marriage within churches is an ongoing, highly contentious, and contested topic. A rich literature depicts dichotomised views, reflecting those of academics at denominational level, and addresses theological substance or denominational policies. Significantly less is known about the perspectives held on the issue by individual clergy at parishioner level. This paper provides a background on the subject of Christian clergy who support same-sex marriage. A review of the literature in this area reveals few sociological studies pertaining to clergy who are supportive of gay rights. No known studies in the combined sociological and psychology scholarship have yet exclusively examined clergy’s perspectives on same-sex marriage. While previous study offers some understanding on religious attitudes toward gay individuals, it should not be assumed that attitudes of religious individuals toward same-sex marriage necessarily follow the same pattern. For many religious people it is more problematic to accept same-sex marriage than same-sex partnerships, as this challenges the definition of the institution of marriage. This paper presents a literature review which identifies a gap in knowledge regarding perspectives of clergy who support same-sex marriage. These perspectives are important to understand, as clergy hold influential positions as opinion leaders impacting both at individual and social level, and influence discourses within religion and beyond.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9414-1
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Three Books on Gay Rights
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      Pages: 919 - 920
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9428-8
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Three Books on Intersexuals
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      Pages: 921 - 922
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9429-7
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Early Modern Queer
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      Pages: 923 - 924
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9430-1
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 3 (2017)
  • Dilemmas of Chinese Lesbian Youths in Contemporary Mainland China
    • Authors: Fung Kei Cheng
      Abstract: Abstract Obliviousness to co-existing heterosexuality and homosexuality undermines tolerance of same-sex attraction in traditional Chinese culture. With the influence of conservative Abrahamic religious values since the 19th century, homoeroticism became unacceptable in China. This qualitative research was carried out from March to September 2015 to explore the lived experiences of four millennial lesbians in communist China, regarding their views of and predicaments stemming from sexual minorities. The semi-structured, in-depth interviews carried out through communication technology, were transcribed and then analysed through interpretative phenomenological analysis, with the aid of a computerised qualitative data analysis software package. Member-checking, for triangulation, was used to enhance the rigour of this study. The findings reveal parental attitudes towards these youngsters, their redefinition of marriage, and their being doubly marginalised. They offer diverse vistas from Chinese lesbian youths to understand the challenges facing this victimised group in the context of East–West and traditional-contemporary ambiguities, in which this stigmatised population is struggling for sexual autonomy through this dilemma. They potentially inspire social activists to advance further for the benefits of LGBs through rejuvenating the inclusiveness of Chinese sexual culture.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9460-8
  • Milo Yiannopoulos: Dangerous
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      PubDate: 2017-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9464-4
  • Rebooting an Old Script by New Means: Teledildonics—The Technological
           Return to the ‘Coital Imperative’
    • Authors: Maria João Faustino
      Abstract: Abstract Teledildonics, a form of digital-mediated sexual interaction, opens new possibilities for the understanding of sexual activity. At first glance, it disrupts conventional preconditions and assumptions about sexual interaction, by allowing the dimension of touch despite the physical distance between partners and, ultimately, promoting a sexual dimension definitely disconnected from the reproductive model of sexuality. However, by scrutinizing the design and functionality of the devices, as well as the discourses presented by three commercial companies—LovePalz, Lovense and Kiiroo—I suggest that this technology reinforces the ‘coital imperative’, by equating sexual interaction with penetration of the vagina by the penis. Although permitting other formulations, specifically for non-heterosexual couples, the penetrative act remains a presupposition. In spite of structurally disrupting the reproductive model of sex, teledildonics promotes its strongest corollary.
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9463-5
  • The Sociocultural Context of Sexually Diverse Women’s Sexual Desire
    • Authors: Dani E. Rosenkrantz; Kristen P. Mark
      Abstract: Abstract Women’s sexual desire is a complex, multifaceted phenomenon. According to the biopsychosocial model of female sexual function, a comprehensive understanding of women’s sexuality requires awareness of the presence of and interaction between biological, psychological, interpersonal, and sociocultural factors. Other sexuality scholars in the field have similarly stressed this perspective, emphasizing that sexual desire in particular is impacted by medical, relational, psychological, and sociocultural influences. Given the influence of sociocultural variables like sexism and heterosexism on women’s lives, we sought to understand the impact of the sociocultural context on sexual desire in 31 bisexual, lesbian, and heterosexual women. Women ranged in age from 20 to 69 and answered a number of questions related to their experience of sexual desire and the ways in which desire related to their sexual identity. The semi-structured interviews focused on women’s retrospective, subjective accounts of their experiences. Using a consensual qualitative research approach and thematic analysis, the interviews revealed four themes and seven subthemes: (1) minority stress (heterosexist discrimination, stigmatized identities, coming out, impact of visible/safe spaces); (2) gender expectations (gendered relationship expectations, gender binary impacts, body image); (3) religion; and (4) taboo and changing cultural times. Participant responses suggest that the sociocultural context can influence the sexual desire of diverse women, supporting both sexual desire exploration and suppression of desire expression by context. Practice and advocacy considerations include understanding of the impact of systems of privilege and oppression (e.g., sexism, heterosexism, racism) on women’s sexual desire experiences and opportunities for supporting diverse women’s sexual empowerment.
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9462-6
  • BDSM, Interaction Rituals and Open Bodies
    • Authors: Charlotta Carlström
      Abstract: Abstract In this article, based on ethnographic fieldwork in Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, Sadism and Masochism (BDSM) communities in Sweden, I explore the ritual aspects of BDSM. Drawing on Douglas and Collins’ theories of interaction rituals, I analyse the creation of emotional energy during humiliation practice through connection and intimacy between the participants. The article examines how the ritual aspect of BDSM sessions can be understood as an enabler of expressions and emotional energy. BDSM becomes a free zone in which bodies are allowed to be open in a Bakhtinian sense, that is, transgressive and beyond control.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9461-7
  • The New Portrayal of Female Child Sexual Offenders in the Print Media: A
           Qualitative Content Analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract The mass media has the ability to shape public opinion on child sexual offenders. To date, research has found that offenses committed by female child sexual offenders have been portrayed in the media with undertones of sympathy and romanticization. With the apparent shift in gender roles toward gender egalitarianism, the aim of the present study was to obtain an up-to-date understanding of how female child sexual offenders are portrayed in the print media across western countries. The study utilized newspaper articles involving female child sexual offenders, published in English across western countries from 2012 to 2016 (N = 35 articles). A qualitative content analysis revealed two major themes: female child sexual offenders are dangerous and they are accountable for their actions. The findings of the current study are positive and shed light on the potential advancement of the reporting of female child sexual offenders in the print media at an international level.
      PubDate: 2017-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9459-1
  • The Primal Scene Phenomenon: Witnessing Parental Sexual Activity and
           Sociosexual Orientation
    • Abstract: Abstract Sigmund Freud coined the term urszene—or “primal scene”—to describe the experience of children witnessing their parents engaging in sexual activity. We examined the historical context in which the primal scene emerged, considered contemporary views of the primal scene, and conducted two empirical studies (N = 961, 1390) to investigate Freud’s proposition that children who witness the primal scene would later be prone to “attacks of falling physically in love,” which we operationalized as sociosexual orientation. In both studies, individuals who witnessed the primal scene as children had a more unrestricted sociosexual orientation than those who did not. Additionally, men had a more unrestricted sociosexual orientation than women. Altogether, these results suggest a possible link between primal scene exposure and sociosexual orientation. In contrast to psychoanalytic theories, we offer psychodynamic and normative social explanations of the primal scene phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9458-2
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Heriot-Watt University
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