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SEXUALITY (46 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • The Influence of Early Experiences and Adult Attachment on the Exhibition
           of the Sexual Double Standard
    • Authors: Yuliana Zaikman; Erin A. Vogel; Amanda M. Vicary; Michael J. Marks
      Pages: 425 - 445
      Abstract: Abstract The sexual double standard is the phenomenon whereby men and women are judged differently for the same sexual behavior. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential relationship between life history theory, attachment theory and the sexual double standard. Life history theory posits that one’s upbringing (e.g., quality of early relationship with one’s parents) may have implications for one’s future mating strategies, especially for women. Furthermore, adult attachment orientation often influences individuals’ feelings toward sexual behavior. To address the relationship between these variables, we had participants complete questionnaires regarding their early relationships with their parents and their current attachment regarding romantic partners. Participants then evaluated a target individual who reported having 1 or 12 sexual partners (N = 154). Results showed that female participants’ early relationships with their parents and their current attachment avoidance predicted their exhibition of the double standard. Results are discussed in the context of theoretical and empirical implications.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-015-9332-z
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Family Influences on Hooking Up and Dating Among Emerging Adults
    • Authors: Rachel Allison
      Pages: 446 - 463
      Abstract: Abstract Existing research posits that young adults navigate the developmental tasks of emerging adulthood, including sexual and romantic relationship formation, in context of geographic and social separation from families of origin. This assumption of independence reflects the ongoing focus on privileged samples to the exclusion of working class, racial/ethnic minority, and immigrant young adults, many of whom live with family through the emerging adult years. This exploratory analysis employs interview data from a racially and socioeconomically diverse sample of 85 college attending emerging adults who live with or proximate to family to explore how families of origin shape interpersonal relationships. Findings show that family members impart both direct and indirect socialization messages that encourage career development over relationship formation. Families also engage in surveillance of emerging adults, applied disproportionately to women. Results are discussed in terms of differences and commonalities of experience across race/ethnicity, nativity, class, and gender, and the salience of family to these processes.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9334-5
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Bullies and Blackmail: Finding Homophobia in the Closet on Teen TV
    • Authors: Wendy Peters
      Pages: 486 - 503
      Abstract: Abstract In 2010–2011, teen TV series set in high schools depicted as many non-straight teen characters in one year as in the preceding decade. Through a discursive textual analysis of closeted, post-closet and recently out teens on five scripted American and Canadian television series from this season, I argue that the closet is consistently framed as a vulnerable, dangerous and violent space in contrast to the safety and acceptance that accompanies coming out and being out in high school. Further, these teen series explicitly present homophobia as an issue of significance in teen lives, while ascribing its existence to individuals. Many versions of this pattern reflect a media trend identified by David Bergman in which homophobia is shown to exist only in the minds of people who are gay. Importantly, these series often assign responsibility for the mobilization of homophobia to non-straight teens. I highlight four tropes concerning the closet that figure prominently: the homophobic and closeted bully; the blackmail of a closeted character; the sidelining of closeted characters; and the ease of coming out in high school. This focus on closeted, post-closet and recently out teens enables a comparison of how non-straight youth are represented in highly differentiated terms.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9336-3
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Oscar Wilde in Singapore: Ambivalence, Enforcement, and the
           Criminalization of Homosexuality
    • Authors: Jane Yeang Chui Wong
      Pages: 504 - 524
      Abstract: Abstract The city state of Singapore, which recently celebrated 50 years of independence, still curiously retains a nineteenth century colonial penal code that criminalizes homosexuality. While state censorship discourages its citizens from engaging in public discourse that explores the implications of this penal code, colloquially known as 377A, discussions on the topic are still visible. High profile attempts to repeal the law through challenging the Singapore Constitution are reported in mainstream media outlets, and the artistic community also supports the repeal of the penal code. One of the most powerful instances of this was W!ld Rice’s 2013 all-male production of Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest followed by Moisés Kaufman’s Gross Indecency: The Three Trials of Oscar Wilde (the former played to international acclaim in Macau in 2014 and Brisbane in September 2015). This essay examines the relationship between art and state policy in Singapore by considering how artistic expressions that address social and cultural anxieties contribute to rather than subvert conversations about social policy-making. In this case, the seemingly comical Wilde plays produced an especially serious and nuanced analysis of the off-stage consensus problems in Singapore, among the LGBT community, heterosexual citizens, and the government. The plays effectively expose and articulate the deeply ambivalent sentiments that have come to characterize the 377A debate.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9338-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Erratum to: Oscar Wilde in Singapore: Ambivalence, Enforcement, and the
           Criminalization of Homosexuality
    • Authors: Jane Yeang Chui Wong
      Pages: 525 - 525
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9347-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Peat Bogs, Sperm, and Family Values: Teaching Naturalism Charitably
    • Authors: Marc Champagne
      Pages: 526 - 534
      Abstract: Abstract Introductory courses dealing with sex, gender and sexuality often assign excerpts from Thomas Aquinas as an exemplar of the naturalist view. Given that most novice students tend to side against such naturalism uncritically, they need to be exposed to a more charitable account of the biological considerations motivating a stance like Aquinas.’ With that in mind, this article presents accessible arguments aimed at restoring deliberative balance in the classroom.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9339-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Risky Sexual Behavior of Multiple Partner Relations and Women’s
           Autonomy in Four Countries
    • Authors: Cecilia Mengo; Eusebius Small; Bonita B. Sharma; Ude Paula
      Pages: 535 - 554
      Abstract: Abstract Existent research reveals that inequitable gender-based power in relationships and intimate partner violence contribute to HIV rates among women in the developing world. This study uses a multi-country analysis to examine women’s autonomy in negotiating safe sex practices such as having sex with a partner with no other concurrent partner to reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, Kenya, Malawi, and Nepal. The Demographic Health Survey data for Nigeria (2013), Kenya (2008–2009), Malawi (2010), and Nepal (2011) provide geographical variability as well as HIV risk variables. The sample included 16,540 women aged 15–49 years who self-identified as ever married. Factor analysis for women’s autonomy was conducted based on socio-cultural theory. Logistic regression was conducted and results identified decision-making, labor force participation, and individual autonomy as women autonomy factors significantly reduced the risk for HIV infection by having one sex partner who has only one sex partner. Other women autonomy factors related to lower risk for HIV include education, place of residence, and religion. Our study indicates that effective management of HIV transmission requires addressing women autonomy factors within the context of culture.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9341-6
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Lesbian Sex in Mainstream Cinema and Audience Enjoyment
    • Authors: María T. Soto-Sanfiel; Adriana Ibiti
      Pages: 555 - 578
      Abstract: Abstract We explore factors affecting audience engagement in mainstream movies showing explicit lesbian sex. A total of 236 participants of different genders and sexual orientations completed a questionnaire measuring factors related to enjoyment immediately after watching La vie d’Adèle in commercial cinemas. Statistical analysis confirmed that positive audience engagement is explained by several factors: viewers considering that the sexual intercourse portrayed is not excessive, the artistic–dramatic justification of the scenes, the inspired appreciation, the perceived realism of the sex scenes and the sexual arousal experienced. Results also show that the use of lesbian sex as a lure is a crucial factor for eliciting enjoyment and appreciation of movies featuring images of explicit sex.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9342-5
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • A Computer-Mediated Escape from the Closet: Exploring Identity, Community,
           and Disinhibited Discussion on an Internet Coming Out Advice Forum
    • Authors: Brandon Miller
      Pages: 602 - 625
      Abstract: Abstract Research suggests that gay men and lesbians, as a product of being raised by heterosexuals in a heterosexist culture, are often shielded from information to help them cope with their stigmatized identity in their early years. Unsurprisingly, this community of individuals has been found to use the Internet more heavily than their heterosexual counterparts. This study examined an advice sub-forum on a popular set of forums designated for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) people negotiating the coming out process. Employing online disinhibition as a framework, and drawing from an identity management standpoint, a thematic analysis uncovered seven unique ways that LGBTQ people create community and craft identities in a computer-mediated context.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9343-4
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual Fantasy, Masturbation and Pornography Among Egyptians
    • Authors: Zeinab Kasemy; Dalia El-Sayed Desouky; Gaafar Abdelrasoul
      Pages: 626 - 638
      Abstract: Abstract Sexual behavior is subjected to varying degrees of social, cultural, religious and moral constraints. With the lack of Egyptian studies addressing the prevalence of sexual fantasy, masturbation and pornography consumption, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these behaviors among Egyptians, and its relation to socio-demographic characteristics. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 1532 patients who attended four outpatient clinics of Menoufia University Hospital in the time from January to March 2015. A significant higher prevalence of sexual fantasy was found among female participants, whereas unmarried males showed a higher prevalence compared to married ones. The prevalence of masturbation and pornography was significantly higher among males and among participants with higher educational level. Higher masturbation and pornography prevalence was found among married males with a marriage duration of >10–20 years, where a higher prevalence was found among married females with a marriage duration of ≤10 years. The study showed a considerably high prevalence of sexual fantasy, masturbation and pornography among the participants. Future studies are needed to assess the risk factors that contribute to this high prevalence. This should be followed by a comprehensive and effective intervention program to ensure optimum reproductive and sexual health among Egyptians.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9346-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • ‘For Fun’: (De) Humanizing Gisberta—The Violence of Binary Gender
           Social Representation
    • Authors: Maria Manuel Rocha Baptista; Rita Ilse Pinto de Loureiro Himmel
      Pages: 639 - 656
      Abstract: Abstract In 2006, Gisberta Salce Júnior died inside of a pit, in an abandoned building, after being tortured for 3 days by a group of teenagers, in Porto, Portugal. Gisberta was a transgender woman who had moved to Portugal from Brazil in the 1980’s. In this paper, we explore the media coverage of her death as an illustrative case of existing social representations of gender, resulting in two main findings: that even those who are seen as communities of support and recognition perpetuate discourses of gender binary norms, and that the only apparent possibility to humanize and transcend these norms is materialized in artistic performance and production, which allows for a more emotional connection to the ‘subject’ as a human individual rather than a mere transgression. The analysis of articles about Gisberta revealed that there is a very strong social representation of gender as a binary, consisting rigidly of female and male poles. As such, the social representation of those individuals who transgress this binary, embodying alternative performances of gender, as was the case with Gisberta, is reduced to their sexuality, their embodiment of something other than the gender binary. Different perspectives were identified: media, the courtroom, the teenagers, LGTB activists and the arts. Through this analysis and division, it was possible to conclude that these binary norms are embedded to the extent that they permeate even the discourses of those who tend to speak for trans people, in such a way that it seems almost impossible to escape them, with one powerful exception: that of artistic expression, which seems to be the only topos from which true recognition is achieved. This case is an extreme example of the necessity to transcend gender norms and allow for recognition of individuals as such.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9350-5
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Finding Lolita: A Comparative Analysis of Interest in Youth-Oriented
    • Authors: Andrea Walker; David A. Makin; Amber L. Morczek
      Pages: 657 - 683
      Abstract: Abstract The way we access pornography has certainly changed over time, as has the depth and breadth of pornographic content. Yet, despite decades of research on the effects of pornography, far less is known about specific genres, consumption patterns, and the characteristics of those consuming varying types of content. Utilizing Google search trends and image searches, this research explores the interest and relationships at the macro level within the niche of youth-oriented pornography. Results indicate that interest varies based on gender, age, geographic origin, and income. Future research and policy implications based upon the findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9355-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual Debut Ages in Heterosexual, Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults
           in Norway
    • Authors: Bente Træen; Sven Ove Samuelsen; Katrina Roen
      Pages: 699 - 716
      Abstract: Abstract This study estimates sexual debut ages in young heterosexual, lesbian, gay, and bisexual men and women in Norway. A questionnaire survey was completed online by 27.2 % of a representative national web sample of 2090 persons aged 18–29 years. Three self-selected samples of 924 respondents completed an extended version of the survey online. Lesbian and bisexual women reported earlier experience of orgasm through masturbation than heterosexual women (median 13.1 vs. 15.2 years), and heterosexual men (median 13.5) reported earlier debut than heterosexual women. There was a statistically significant difference between heterosexual and lesbian and bisexual women’s age at the first experience of receptive vaginal sex (median 16.8 vs. 15.4 years). As regards experience of insertive vaginal sex, a significantly higher percentage of heterosexual men than women, and of heterosexual and lesbian and bisexual women, reported experience. It was more common among lesbian and bisexual women than heterosexual women to have had oral sex with another woman, but in neither group did the cumulative percent reach 50 % by the age of 29 years and the median could not be estimated. Gay and bisexual men reported earlier receptive anal sex debut than heterosexual men. With regard to insertive anal sex, gay and bisexual men accumulated experience earlier than heterosexual men, and lesbian and bisexual women acquired this experience earlier than heterosexual women. Compared to heterosexuals, LGB persons of both genders engage in more varied sexual activities. Lesbian and gay persons have same-sex experiences at an earlier age than bisexuals.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9353-2
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Correlates of Forced First Sexual Intercourse Among Women in the
    • Authors: Yujiro Sano; Alice P. Sedziafa; Eric Y. Tenkorang
      Pages: 717 - 730
      Abstract: Abstract Forced sex has been identified as a public health and human rights issue. While a few studies have explored women’s experiences on forced sex in the Philippines, their findings were largely descriptive. Using the 2008 Philippines Demographic and Health Survey, the current study examined factors associated with forced first sexual intercourse among Filipino women. Results indicated that Cebuano and Ilonggo women were more likely to describe sexual debut as forced than their Tagalog counterparts. Also, compared to those from the poorest households, women from richer households were less likely to report forced first sexual intercourse. Moreover, currently married women were less likely to report forced at sexual debut than never-married women. Finally, early sexual initiation was a risk factor for forced sexual debut. These findings have implications for policymakers and other stakeholders. Interventions targeting sexual violence against women in the Philippines must pay specific attention to ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9356-z
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Voluntary Agencies’ Responses to, and Attitudes toward Male Rape:
           Issues and Concerns
    • Authors: Aliraza Javaid
      Pages: 731 - 748
      Abstract: Abstract This paper critically explores voluntary agencies’ responses to, and attitudes toward male survivors of rape in England and Wales. There has been a gap in this area, so this paper attempts to fill this gap in knowledge by examining how these survivors experience service delivery and by examining what contributions feminist theory and research has made to understand ‘male rape’. This paper argues that feminist theory and research neglects male rape and this negligence can also be seen in voluntary organisations for survivors. Therefore, through the neglect of male rape, the gender roles of men and women are reinforced instead of being tackled. This paper contributes to knowledge by opening up a discussion on male rape in the academic setting, in feminist theory and research debates, and in research surrounding voluntary agencies. This, in turn, helps to raise awareness of such a ‘hidden’ phenomenon in policy and practice and helps to form a better understanding not only of male rape, but also of the responses and attitudes toward it by voluntary provisions and the wider society.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9348-z
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Law and LGBQ-Parent Families
    • Authors: Emily Kazyak; Brandi Woodell
      Pages: 749 - 768
      Abstract: Abstract This paper addresses how the law affects LGBQ-parent families. We first outline the legal landscape that LGBQ parents face in the US, underscoring that it varies drastically by state and creates inequity for families. Reviewing existing social science research, we then address how the law affects three processes for LGBQ people: desiring parenthood, becoming a parent, and experiencing parenthood. Our review indicates that the law affects if and how LGBQ people become parents. LGBQ people consider the law as they make decisions about whether to pursue adoption, donor insemination, or surrogacy and often view the latter two pathways as the most legally secure. Further, the law continues to be salient for LGBQ parents throughout parenthood and affects family well-being. Specifically, legal inequity diminishes parent’s well-being, the relationship among couples who are parenting, and parents’ ability to effectively advocate for their children in institutional settings like healthcare contexts. Finally, we address directions for future research for scholars interested in the law, family processes and outcomes, and LGBQ families.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9335-4
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Mireille Miller-Young: A Taste for Brown Sugar: Black Women in Pornography
    • Authors: Angela Mika Holton
      Pages: 769 - 771
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9352-3
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Yorick Smaal: Sex, Soldiers and the South Pacific, 1939–1945: Queer
           Identities in Australia in the Second World War
    • Authors: Florian Georg Mildenberger
      Pages: 772 - 773
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9354-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Jeffrey Weeks: What is Sexual History?
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      PubDate: 2016-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9384-8
  • Intimate Transactions: Sex Toys and the Sexual Discourse of Second-Wave
    • Authors: Hallie Lieberman
      Abstract: Abstract This article examines customer correspondence to Eve’s Garden from women throughout the United States from 1974 to 1989 to determine how ordinary women at the height of the second-wave feminist movement grappled with fraught issues surrounding changing conceptions of sexuality. These exchanges show that feminist sex debates were incorporated into women’s everyday lives, often in terms of a conflict between sexual desires and feminist principles, providing evidence that the personal truly was political. My article shows that sex toys helped women envision their sexuality in new ways. Letters show how ordinary women struggled to take control of their sexuality by creating relationships with commercial establishments in a world awash in social and political changes. Three principal themes emerge from customer correspondence. First is that many feminists were initially skeptical that sex toys could be reconciled with feminist political beliefs. Second is the ambivalence about using an inanimate object, a machine, for sexual pleasure. And third is the complicated role of sex toys in relationships, both lesbian and straight, particularly when women desired vaginal penetration with dildos.
      PubDate: 2016-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9383-9
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