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Journal Cover   Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.214]   [H-I: 7]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2300 journals]
  • Desirable Masculinity/Femininity and Nostalgia of the
           “Anti-Modern”: Bab el-Hara Television Series as a Site of
    • Abstract: Abstract The following essay analyzes the kinds of desires and commentaries on masculinity, social issues, and family ties that Bab el-Hara, a Syrian television series, evokes. It addresses the relationship between the national and popular media in the region, family relations and notions of femininity, and masculinity. Through content analysis and group discussion, the paper concludes that the series promotes a notion of antimodern masculinity. This anti-modern masculinity is coupled or promoted through nostalgic notions of ideal systems of justice, family, and masculinity/manhood that are in direct contrast to the failures of the nation/state to deliver in the pre-Arab Spring context. In other words, the paper argues that through evoking a sense of nostalgia for a “mythic” past, it links between a nationalist desirable masculine ‘antimodernity’ and particular desires around family relations, femininity, and women, which find broad appeal in the political context of the Arab world today, thus fostering commentary on the difficult current positions of women’s rights struggles in the contemporary gender politics of the region. I argue that the show’s promotion of an ‘anti-modern’ masculinity capable of delivering justice on the national front erodes the possibility of a gender justice future particularly in the context of the aftermath of the Arab Spring.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • “Topping from the Bottom”: Relational Convergence of Meaning
           in Domestic Discipline Relationships
    • Abstract: Abstract Domestic discipline (DD) is a relational approach that advocates wifely submission and male dominance through the use of disciplinary tactics such as spanking. Because DD is seen as a deviant behavioral approach to relationships, women often turn to the blogs in order to chronicle their experiences with DD. The purpose of this study is to explore how women in DD relationships document their journey and make sense of participating in a dominant–submissive relationship. In this study, we qualitatively analyzed 592 blog posts. Our analysis revealed that the women construct a meaning of relationships which conflicts with contemporary understandings of feminism, marriage, and relationship empowerment. These women’s blogs provide an explanation of relationships which (1) showcases women’s struggles with letting go of their independence, (2) positions men as dominant, and (3) celebrates feminine submissiveness and gender inequality.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Communicating Sexual Identities: A Typology of Coming Out
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examines 258 narratives from 130 individuals to develop a typology of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) coming out conversations. After exploring current strengths and limitations of coming out models and establishing the need for examining coming out conversations, data are analyzed to create a typology of seven common ways coming out conversations are enacted (pre-planned, emergent, coaxed, confrontational, romantic/sexual, educational/activist, or mediated). In addition to providing much-needed inquiry into LGB coming out conversations, this article encourages potential further research into practical aspects of coming out conversations and other LGB-oriented disclosure practices as well as the development of broader models of coming out.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Portrayals of Sex and Sexuality in Gay- and Lesbian-Oriented Media: A
           Quantitative Content Analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Media serve as vital sources of sexual information for adolescents exploring their sexual identities. Research suggests that mainstream media sanitize depictions of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) individuals, preventing LGB characters from engaging in realistic sexual talk or sexual behaviors. Beyond mainstream media, however, a niche media industry designed, produced, and marketed specifically for gay and lesbian audiences has become increasingly accessible. Despite the growing visibility of gay- and lesbian-oriented (GLO) media, no empirical research has quantified the depiction of sex and sexuality in this media genre. The current study reports the results of a quantitative content analysis of sexual instances in GLO television, film, and music popular with LGB youth. Results indicate that LGB depictions occur with greater frequency than heterosexual depictions in GLO media, most LGB depictions are validating in nature, and gay males are depicted significantly more than lesbian women or bisexual individuals. The diversity of LGB relationships, sexual interests, and sexual behaviors are also acknowledged in GLO media, suggesting that LGB individuals are portrayed in realistic sexual situations rarely portrayed in mainstream media. Additionally, comparisons between GLO media and mainstream media suggest that GLO media depict LGB sexualities more frequently and in more validating contexts than mainstream media. Possible effects of exposure to GLO media among youth are discussed in terms of the social identity perspective.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Intra- and Inter-personal Barriers to Condom Use Among College Students: A
           Review of the Literature
    • Abstract: Abstract Research indicates that a large number of youth participate in risky sexual behaviors, including: having sex with multiple partners, not participating in discussions on safer sex practices, and not using condoms consistently when engaging in sexual activities. These behaviors put college students at an increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus, sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy. The purpose of this paper is to identify factors that may act as intra- and interpersonal barriers to condom use and to provide recommendations to increase condom use among college students. A review of the literature was performed which resulted in 15 articles identifying and discussing common barriers to condom use. Multiple factors were found to serve as barriers to condom use including (a) relationship dynamics; (b) perception of risk; and (c) gender roles. These barriers are summarized and recommendations are given to improve the rate of condom use among college students.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • “You go home and tell that to my dad!” Conflicting Claims and
           Understandings on Hymen and Virginity
    • Abstract: Abstract In this article I examine different understandings of and claims concerning virginity. Several young women in Sweden suffer from strong patriarchal chastity ideals, even to the extent that some undergo surgery to restore a lost virginity. Swedish sexual politics, believing strongly in the power of evidence based information, have a clearly stated agenda to prevent this by “eradicating the hymen myth” through informative campaigns in schools and by educating professionals who encounter the problem. At the same time, the targeted teenagers themselves seem to hold a multifaceted and contextual view on the matter. They may be fed scientific information in school, and gain anatomically correct knowledge of the hymen, but they also need to maneuver within a different normative field where the hymen plays a symbolic role rather than a factual one. In the article I explore the charged discourse around the hymen, analyze the narratives of teenage informants who tell me of their thoughts and experiences in the matter, and discuss the possible different purposes served by the upholding of the concept. I argue that intellectual, factual knowledge is not necessarily relevant when dealing with emotionally and culturally charged beliefs, and that the ideologically driven agenda of “the truth shall set you free” is not fully in touch with the complex social reality of those who are subjected to the chastity ideals. Attacking misconceptions around the hymen does not necessarily recognize the principal dilemma of the collective asserting power over the individual in matters concerning relationships and sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Dyadic Relationship Values in Chinese Online Daters: Love American
    • Abstract: Abstract Documented differences exist between Eastern and Western attitudes and beliefs about romantic relationships, but some authorities argue that dyadic relationship values are becoming increasingly Westernized. Accordingly, we surveyed current beliefs structures in a large sample (n = 11,300) of male and female subscribers to a major matchmaking site in China, drawing on Sternberg’s classic Triangular Theory of Love (passion, intimacy, and commitment). Consistent with previous findings, dyadic relationship values conformed to a unidimensional Rasch model, although the relative importance of these values varied by age and sex. As predicted, themes related to the component of commitment, and to some extent intimacy, were consistently rated as more salient than themes associated with passion. Unexpectedly, values reflecting passion tended to be rated as more salient than themes related to family/status. Men across all age brackets rated passion and ambition as more salient than the women did, whereas both sexes agreed on the relative importance of financial security. Over all, the results substantiated specific cultural differences reported in the literature but also revealed trends suggesting that contemporary Chinese society is moving closer to love “American style.”
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Sexting Cyberchildren: Gender, Sexuality, and Childhood in Social Media
           and Law
    • Abstract: Abstract Technological advancements always precipitate social anxiety and new modes of legal regulation. The ubiquity of cellular phones and Internet access has brought about myriad social and political changes including significant increases in the ability to express and act on sexual interests. Sexting, i.e., the production and dissemination of sexually explicit images by children and young adults, has become a vexing issue for parents and school administrators, legislatures and courts. Three legal cases from the United States illustrate the de-constitutive possibilities of such judicial discourse. These cases illuminate the paradoxes and forms of forgetting that are required to maintain a particular conception of childhood. This analysis shows how stereotypes about gender, sexual agency, and sexual orientation are marshaled in the service of beliefs about children’s sexual innocence.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Third Wave Feminism and Emerging Adult Sexuality: Friends with Benefits
    • Abstract: Abstract Using U.S. third wave feminism as the cultural backdrop, this study examines emerging adults’ participation in heterosexual “friends with benefits” (FWB) relationships. We investigate both the role of gender and feminism in FWB relationships at a United States college, and ask whether identification with feminist ideology impacts students’ motivations and assessments of their relationships. Through the use of an anonymous survey, our research explores whether and how young women and men engage in FWB relationships, the degree to which they find such relationships fulfilling, and the presence of social stigma or acceptance related to this sexual behavior. While we find some gender differences in motives for and satisfaction with FWB relationships, we also suggest that the association between sexual agency and participation in a friends with benefits relationship is complicated and requires further research and exploration.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Spanking Natasha: Post-Soviet Pornography and the Internet
    • Abstract: Abstract The collapse of Communism and the advent of the internet shifted the center of gravity in violent spanking pornography from Japan and Great Britain to the Czech Republic and Russia. Exploiting the vagueness of anti-pornography legislation, Czech and Russian internet pornographers displayed a propensity for realistic violence that surprised even veteran observers of the spanking genre, and viewers have speculated about ties to international slave trafficking known as the Natasha trade. Such links have not moved beyond speculation, and Czech companies have taken steps to distance themselves from such charges, while Russian producers of spanking pornography have emerged as the world’s most violent.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Understanding the Cheating Heart: What Determines Infidelity
    • Abstract: Abstract Infidelity is experienced in many relationships. This paper seeks to determine the correlates of infidelity intentions among a sample of 512 individuals. Results imply that favourable attitudes, social approval and the perceived ease of attracting a partner are positively related to infidelity intentions. More than this, attitudes were the most significant correlate of infidelity intentions. Attitudes, in turn, were influenced by gender, religiosity and infidelity experiences.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Sarah Toulalan and Kate Fisher (eds): The Routledge History of Sex and the
           Body, 1500 to the Present
    • PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • Let’s (Not) Talk about Sex: The Gender of Sexual Discourse
    • Abstract: Abstract Although much attention is given to women’s sexuality, sex is often an uncomfortable or avoided topic. There are taboos about women openly discussing their own sexual behavior, sexual desire, or sexual problems in large part because sex talk is masculinized. Based on in-depth interviews with a diverse group of ninety-five women aged 20–68, we examine gendered discourses about sexuality. We find that most women are uncomfortable talking about sex in general and fear judgment for communicating desire or talking about sexual behavior. Yet, when women construct sex-related conversations in a feminine way, such as a means of supporting a friend or emotional bonding, they are more open to sex talk. Furthermore, we see women’s talk or avoidance of sex talk as compliant with interaction norms and gendered face-saving behavior for themselves and others.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • “Never Go Out Alone”: An Analysis of College Rape Prevention
    • Abstract: Abstract The role of women in college sexual assault prevention and risk reduction has been controversial as movements for men’s participation become more popular. Research on college sexual assault prevention and risk reduction has largely focused on individual programs or universities. Previous research has largely avoided larger studies of the messages many colleges give their students regarding who is responsible for rape prevention on campus. This article attempts to fill that gap by examining rape prevention and risk reduction tips posted on 40 college websites. Each tip was analyzed for frequency and intended audience and the women’s tips as a group were analyzed for common themes. Researchers found that most tips are still directed at women and that they convey four main messages: there are no safe places for women, women can’t trust anyone, women should never be alone, and women are vulnerable. Findings imply that the burden of college sexual assault prevention still falls primarily on female students.
      PubDate: 2015-02-22
  • Teaching Young Queers a Lesson: How Police Teach Lessons About
           Non-Heteronormativity in Public Spaces
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper analyses qualitative data with LGBT young people to explore police-LGBT youth interactions, and the outcomes of these interactions, as pedagogical moments for LGBT young people, police, and public onlookers. Although the data in this paper could be interpreted in line with dominant ways of thinking about LGBT young people and police, as criminalization for instance, the data suggested something more complex. This paper employs a theoretical framework informed by poststructural theories, queer theories, and pedagogical theories, to theorise LGBT youth-police interactions as instruction about managing police relationships in public spaces. The analysis shows how LGBT young people are learning from police encounters about the need to avoid ‘looking queer’ to minimise police harm.
      PubDate: 2015-02-15
  • Some Legal Thoughts on Transsexuality in the Healthcare System After the
           New Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
    • PubDate: 2015-02-10
  • Merril D. Smith (Ed.): Cultural Encyclopedia of the Breast
    • PubDate: 2014-12-23
  • Susan Starr Sered and Maureen Norton-Hawk (eds.): Can’t Catch a
           Break—Gender, Jail, Drugs, and the Limits of Personal Responsibility
    • PubDate: 2014-12-21
  • Amba Jamilla Musser: Sensational Flesh: Race, Power, and Masochism
    • PubDate: 2014-12-21
  • Reasons for Women’s Entry into Sex Work: A Case Study of Kolkata,
    • Abstract: Abstract Several studies have cited economic hardships or poverty as the main reason for women’s entry into sex work in India. While this may be true, it is still a vague reason. For better understanding and to develop meaningful intervention, we need to dig deeper and find more specific reasons for women’s entry into sex work. In addition, while most studies conducted among sex workers in India rely on survey-based approaches to explore women’s reasons for entry into sex work, there have been no studies to date which have used cultural biography to examine how sex work becomes a livelihood option for women in Indian society. Based on the analysis of the 46 short-life portraits and three life-history interviews collected from ‘flying’ or mobile female sex workers over a period of 7 months (December 2009–July 2010) in Kolkata, India, this paper examines the socio-cultural and economic factors that influence women’s decisions to enter into sex work. This study found that women choose sex work vis-à-vis other employment opportunities because it provides them with more freedom and autonomy over their bodies, higher earnings, flexible hours of work, and much flexibility to manage their dual responsibilities of a nurturer and provider. Because of this complex structure of causation, HIV prevention programs must address the larger issues of workplace sexual harassment, minimum living wage and child day care policy to disincentivize women’s entry into the sex industry.
      PubDate: 2014-12-04
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