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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2209 journals]   [SJR: 0.214]   [H-I: 7]
  • The Deployment of the Impossible        type-strikethrough">Woman in Lars von Trier’s        class="a-plus-plus">Antichrist
    • PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Misunderstanding (Mis)Understandings: Male Sex Workers and the Canadian
           Criminal Code
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite evidence that the Canadian government’s attempt to deter prostitution, by criminalizing the behaviour that facilitates its occurrence, has been largely unsuccessful and detrimental to the safety and security of those who ‘sell sex’, members of parliament have done little to change course. Their commitment to a flawed paradoxical approach has forced many sex workers to provide their services in ways that increase their risk of being victimized. To date, there is little published research on how adult male sex workers understand and work around the law relating to sex work. In an effort to address this void, we present the views of 19 adult male escorts on two related issues: (1) the ambiguity of the criminal law relating to their trade and its enforcement; and (2) the use of strategies to cope with the dangers posed by the current legal climate. We show that although adult male escorts misunderstood the law, their comprehension of and experience with its enforcement gave them the impression that they must take precautionary measures to decrease their risk of being charged with a criminal offence and/or victimized by clients or the police.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Access and Gatekeeping in Researching Children’s Sexuality: Mess in
           Ethics and Methods
    • Abstract: Abstract There is a general idea that research methods help researchers investigate realities “out there”. Recent arguments, however, suggest that research methods are themselves productive, i.e., we can learn about a research topic by investigating aspects and details of the methods used in a research process. The present text investigates methods for gaining access to a research field in a project examining young children’s own (age 9–12 years) notions of sexuality. The article explores how and by whom the issue of children and sexuality is enacted as sensitive when trying to negotiate access to the research field. A whole variety of actors are involved in enacting children’s sexuality: institutions, groups of people, individuals, images, and architectural arrangements. The analysis reveals relationships in which fears, responsibilities, and the cultural attribution of vulnerability (sensitivity) are negotiated by adults, children, and the researcher.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Benefits of the In-Between: Swedish Men’s Magazines and Sex Films
    • Abstract: Abstract This article analyzes a content-based market position that developed during the mid-1960s, situated in-between the pornographic and the accepted. By studying Swedish men’s magazines and sex films from the time period, the argument is made that these media products profited from both the advantages of pornography, i.e., more or less sexual explicit images, and the advantages of the accepted, i.e., common distribution channels, the possibility of having regular advertising and placards and being sold in ordinary kiosks (for magazines) and shown at ordinary cinemas (for films). For some years, this balancing act between the accepted and the pornographic was maintained, and the genre became enormously popular. From the mid-1970s onward, however, the division between pornography and accepted media became more clear-cut. The critique against pornography and the in-between media products intensified, and the uncertainty about pornography’s future role after the legalization in 1971 was followed by new ways of separating the pornographic from the accepted. While there were some differences between the two media formats, such as their degree of internationalization and the importance of advertising, they shared much in terms of content formulas and used the same female actors and models. It is argued that both formal regulations and the informal norms of gender and sexuality at the time and their change throughout the 1970s are key for understanding the development and the disappearance of the in-between genre.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Homosexuality, Homophobia, and Biomedical Sciences in Twentieth Century
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous accounts on how homosexual identities developed in Mexico along the twentieth century have tended to exclude biomedical sciences as an important part of the background in which the modern homosexual subject came into existence. In this paper, I seek to remedy this lack of attention by examining the role these expertises played. More concretely, I offer an historiographic narrative in which homophobia was institutionalized through these disciplines, thus generating the conditions of possibility for the rising of homosexual identities. In general, I show how eugenics, legal medicine, and psy-expertises can be characterized as the venues responsible for the introduction and standardization of medical categories associated with this identity.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • I Know a Lot of Gay Asian Men who Are Actually Tops: Managing and
           Negotiating Gay Racial Stigma
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the well documented cases of racism toward gay Asian men in the gay community in the United States, there is currently little research examining how gay Asian men manage the stigmatized statuses of race. In this article, we examine stigma management strategies employed by gay Asian men and explore how gay Asian men engage in both individual-level and group-level stigma management strategies in an attempt to maintain their self-esteem in light of racism and to directly address the stigma of race by reconceptualizing what it means to be both gay and Asian within the larger gay community.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • “How Do I Know I Am Gay'”: Understanding Sexual
           Orientation, Identity and Behavior Among Adolescents in an LGBT Youth
    • Abstract: Abstract Current research on sexual minority youth tends to be concentrated in the fields of public health, social work, and psychology with a focus on psycho-social health risks that often rely on sexuality as a fixed unit of analysis. A sociological understanding of the processes that drive an individual to identify as gay in the first place makes an important contribution to this existing body of literature, allowing an opportunity to understand not just how sexual minority youth are vulnerable, but why. Drawing on my ethnographic research with adolescent males who frequent a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth drop-in center, I demonstrate how sexuality gets constructed through four processes: violating compulsory heterosexuality, seeking an explanation, exploring sexuality, and negotiating identity. I will show how individuals make meaning of their sexual selves within the context of a patriarchal, heteronormative structural system, where symbols of homophobia and masculinity inform their identity development, and how that reiterates heteronormative development. I conclude by drawing attention to how the shifting boundaries of queerness should inform efforts to improve conditions for sexual minority youth and inform future research.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • ‘Pre-adults’ Having ‘Casual’ Sex with No Strings
           Attached' Teenage Sexual Activity and Dutch Criminal Law
    • Abstract: Those between 12 and 18 years of age are protected by Dutch criminal law against sexual contact. Based on criminal cases of sexually active youngsters this article will show that promiscuous teenage sexual activity poses some dilemmas for the just application of law enforcement operating on the basis of age limits. This relates to the fact that sexual contact with minors can be a crime regardless of whether the act can be qualified as consensual. Taking ‘consent’ as a starting point the focus will be on criminalizing sex with youngsters from the standpoint of the alleged victim, the alleged offender and society at large. What will be shown is that sex at an illegal age is much more likely to be authorized when the age discrepancy is trivial and when the act of sex is accompanied by an affective relationship over time. Most notably this poses some conflict for promiscuous sexual contact among youngsters exploring their sexual desires and consequently constituting a temporal relationship. After presenting a legal framework and analyzing some empirical data this article will offer some theoretical reflections on teenage sexual experimentation as linked to social conditions at a more abstract level. In conclusion it will be argued that the legal application of parameters controlling teenage sexual activity is done in order to preserve more than just the sexual integrity of a minor.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • “Down-Low”: Overlapping Sexual Risks of Bisexual MSM
           Influencing Women’s Vulnerability to STI/HIV in Nepal
    • Abstract: Abstract Among men “on the down-low,” bisexuality driven risks engender a spectrum of STI/HIV vulnerabilities for both genders. Yet, prevention programs principally focus on male-to-male risk disregarding women sufferers. We attempt to map these overlaps influencing women’s vulnerability to STI/HIV. Findings are based on primary data collected from 2182 men who have sex with men (MSM) following modified time-location cluster sampling in Nepal, 2010–2011. Bisexuality is pronounced as one-third of MSM below age 20 reported 4 or more female partners in the last 6 months. However, the adjusted effect of intensified MSM activity, especially with a commercial partner, enhances the overlapping sex (OR 5.2, p < 0.01). The frequency of protected sex with a female was reported to be very low. Further, over two-thirds of MSM who did not use a condom in the last sex with a noncommercial partner also reported the last sex with a female as unprotected. MSM targeted interventions should envisage beyond homosexuality, address bisexuality as a threat clouding prevention efforts, and prioritize and sensitize women partners of MSM about bisexuality and HIV vulnerabilities and risk.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Queer Representations of Gay Males and Masculinities in the Media
    • Abstract: Abstract Ways of being that transcend what has been defined or expected have been called queer and, in the past 10 years, media has offered some representations of queer gay males and masculinity. For males struggling with identity and for professionals who work with them, careful consideration of queerness may be important in opening more accepting spaces. Here, various recent media representations of gay males are examined in an effort to provoke readers to reflect on their own positions about queer sexual and gender identities and possibilities for more fluid constructions of identities.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Janet Bennion: Polygamy in Primetime: Media, Gender, and Politics in
           Mormon Fundamentalism
    • PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • References Examining Assaults by Women on Their Spouses or Male Partners:
           An Updated Annotated Bibliography
    • Abstract: Abstract This annotated bibliography describes 343 scholarly investigations (270 empirical studies and 73 reviews) demonstrating that women are as physically aggressive as men (or more) in their relationships with their spouses or opposite-sex partners. The aggregate sample size in the reviewed studies exceeds 440,850 people.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Creating Safe Places: A Collaborative Autoethnography on LGBT Social
    • Abstract: Abstract This essay examines the process of developing Safe Zones, an interactive workshop designed to educate students about issues affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals. As co-facilitators of the workshop, we engage in a collaborative autoethnography, reflecting upon some of the challenges of program development. We identify and explore three dialectical tensions in the process of collaboration: (1) independence and mutual dependence, (2) similarity and difference, and (3) openness and closedness. Finally, we examine the ways in which personal narrative can be a tool for campus dialogue, empowerment, and social change.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
  • Representation of Homoerotism by the        class="a-plus-plus">People’s Daily Since 1949
    • Abstract: Abstract This is the second installment of a media representation series dedicated to uncovering the history of sexuality in the “new China period”. The first installment “Transgender Representation” witnessed the official construction of Occidentalism where sexuality served as a tool for the government apparatus to construct socialist superiority and capitalist inferiority, which has significantly contributed to shaping the official attitude and media representation of queer sexualities in mainland China. This new installment continues to explore the sex culture of “new China” with a discussion of the influences of socialist ideologies. While the overall trend of same-sex culture can be roughly depicted as a fall and a subsequent revival during “new China”, this article examines in what situation homoerotism fell and revived, and how the “notion of gay” came into circulation anew in a land with profound same-sex tradition.
      PubDate: 2014-05-18
  • Jeffrey Q. McCune, Jr.: Sexual Discretion: Black Masculinity and the
           Politics of Passing
    • PubDate: 2014-05-16
  • Mysterious Skin
    • PubDate: 2014-05-14
  • Does Knowing Why Someone is Gay Influence Tolerance' Genetic,
           Environmental, Choice, and “Reparative” Explanations
    • Abstract: Abstract In the U.S., belief that sexual orientation is genetically based is tied to greater tolerance toward gay men and lesbians and a belief that they deserve rights equal to those of other citizens. This study explores whether evidence for a particular causal explanation of sexual orientation influences participants’ tolerance toward gay men and lesbians. Participants were 224 heterosexual college students provided with scientific evidence that sexual orientation is genetically caused, environmentally caused, or a choice, who then answered questionnaires assessing their attitudes toward science, their tolerance toward gay men and lesbians, their selection of the best explanation for sexual orientation, and their assessments of statements about an imagined gay man (which, together, comprised their level of support for a “reparative” explanation of gay male sexuality viewed as the result of trauma, poor father–son relations, and immorality). Participants who were male, black, religious, or believed that the environmental or choice explanation of sexual orientation was the best, were less tolerant and more supportive of the reparative explanation than, respectively, participants who were female, white, nonreligious, or believed that the genetic explanation was the best. By contrast, participants were less tolerant when they read that scientific findings support a genetic explanation than when they read that scientific findings support choice as an explanation. Participants’ level of support for the reparative explanation correlated positively with their level of intolerance, suggesting that increasing tolerance toward gay men and lesbians may be more dependent on diminishing support for tenets of the reparative explanation than in convincing heterosexuals that sexual desires are under genetic control, which may influence some heterosexuals who believe otherwise to feel more intolerant.
      PubDate: 2014-05-13
  • Lars von Trier’s Manderlay: The Black Body as a Cinematic Gift
    • PubDate: 2014-05-10
  • Geographies of Tolerance: Human Development, Heteronormativity, and
    • Abstract: Abstract In their work on the human development sequence, Inglehart and Welzel (Modernization, cultural change, and democracy: the human development sequence. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2005) argue that there is a “rising tide” of gender equality across various countries in the system. While the authors propose that the process that holds true for a rising tide in women’s rights is also true for other outgroups including minorities and homosexuals, they do not test their proposed relationship on feelings toward these groups. At the same time, studies on sexuality and tolerance suggest that religious beliefs and government institutions play a significant role in shaping societal attitudes about homosexuality, promulgating beliefs and policies that place homosexuality in a negative light. In the case of government institutions, sexuality may also be framed as a security issue, making homosexuality appear as a threat. The present work performs an empirical test of the mechanisms of the human development sequence on tolerance toward homosexuality, and compares this theory to rival hypotheses regarding the effects of religion and heteronormative policies. Empirical testing using hierarchical linear models shows mixed support for hypotheses drawn from work on the human development sequence, but indicates that religious belief and heteronormativity in government policies have a significant relationship to levels of tolerance.
      PubDate: 2014-05-09
  • Cynthia Enloe: Seriously! Investigating Crashes and Crises as if Women
    • PubDate: 2014-01-10
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