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Journal Cover   Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.269]   [H-I: 9]   [15 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2280 journals]
  • Resources, Masculinities, and Gender Differences Among Pro-life Activists
    • Abstract: Abstract Abortion politics are often about “pro-choice” and “pro-life” countermovements trying to gain power by winning the support of political bystanders. While more is known about the reasons people become pro-choice activists, far less research has examined the motives for pro-life men and women. To address the factors that mobilize abortion activism, this study examined the role of education, religious contexts, and gendered expectations in predicting pro-life activism. After surveying 820 college students, our data highlights the importance of activist networks in inspiring activism among pro-life advocates. In gender subsamples, being a biblical literalist, being married, and endorsing patriarchal family structures were linked to more pro-life activism among women, while embracing authoritarian outlooks, having less education, being poorer, and attending religious services did so for men. Implications for gender differences in pro-life activism and the complex ways in which pro-life attitudes intersect with traditional gender roles were explored.
      PubDate: 2015-09-24
  • “You Want Fireworks? I’ll Show You Fireworks!”: Or
           Not—Woman-to-Woman Violence on Sex and the City , The L Word , and
           The O.C.
    • Abstract: Abstract Instances of intimate partner violence (IPV) between women on Sex and the City, The L Word, and The O.C. reflect the social reality that IPV between lesbians is a serious social and public health issue. However, narrative analysis of IPV in female same-sex relationships reveals the violence is both literally and figuratively rendered unremarkable. The absence of frames common in contemporary portrayals of heterosexual IPV perpetuates the misperception that violence does not occur in same-sex relationships. Further, a specifically gendered, raced and classed image of “the violent lesbian,” and recuperation narratives where heterosexuality is presented as the “solution” to woman-to-woman IPV, raise questions about the increased presence of LGB characters in entertainment media. In sum, thematic elements that unite seemingly dynamic portrayals of lesbian sexuality and relationships in these series do not interrupt cultural narratives silencing victims of intimate violence. Instead, messages about woman-to-woman IPV perpetuate stereotypes and homophobic, sexist, racist and classist ideologies. This analysis presents insight into popular media portrayals of a serious community health issue. Results call for additional research assessing the form and content of media representations of same-sex sexuality in a changing cultural context.
      PubDate: 2015-09-08
  • Some Legal Thoughts on Transsexuality in the Healthcare System After the
           New Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
    • PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • “Never Go Out Alone”: An Analysis of College Rape Prevention
    • Abstract: Abstract The role of women in college sexual assault prevention and risk reduction has been controversial as movements for men’s participation become more popular. Research on college sexual assault prevention and risk reduction has largely focused on individual programs or universities. Previous research has largely avoided larger studies of the messages many colleges give their students regarding who is responsible for rape prevention on campus. This article attempts to fill that gap by examining rape prevention and risk reduction tips posted on 40 college websites. Each tip was analyzed for frequency and intended audience and the women’s tips as a group were analyzed for common themes. Researchers found that most tips are still directed at women and that they convey four main messages: there are no safe places for women, women can’t trust anyone, women should never be alone, and women are vulnerable. Findings imply that the burden of college sexual assault prevention still falls primarily on female students.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Cultural Scripts, Reasons for Having Sex, and Regret: A Study of Iranian
           Male and Female University Students
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study aims to identify the relationship between the experience of the first sexual intercourse and its ensuing regret among Iranian male and female university students. The population studied includes 2566 students from five universities in Tehran and Tabriz, which was selected through a stratified convenience sampling method. We apply discriminant analysis (DA) and Chi square test to analyze the data. The findings reveal that men are more driven by pleasure, recreation, peer pressure and impulsivity into having sex. According to DA, females—either regretful, and unregretful—have emotional reasons for engaging in sexual intercourse, while males, either regretful or unregretful, do not have such reasons. On the other hand, both regretful males and regretful females engage in sexual intercourse impulsively. We discuss that, although cultural scripts discriminate between males’ and females’ reasons for having sex, sexual regret among university students is not affected by conformity to gender scripts, but by agency and actor’s intentionality.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Hooking Up as an Individualistic Practice: A Double-Edged Sword for
           College Women
    • Abstract: Abstract An increasingly large body of literature on the casual sex practice, hooking up, has documented that it tends to yield a wide range of positive and negative outcomes for college women. However, no research exists that provides an integrated explanation of these divergent outcomes. One recent influential attempt to highlight the benefits of hooking up for college women has implied that the individualistic character of the practice facilitates these positive outcomes. By contrast, the research here illuminates how the costs of hooking up can also be the result of its individualism (in addition to the commonly identified cause of gender inequality). The article presents the results of in-depth qualitative interviews with 30 college women from diverse backgrounds concerning their hookup experiences. The data suggest that the individualistic norms of hooking up (in combination with gender inequality) may be core contributors to the problems women can experience in the practice. Thus, the research identifies the individualism of hooking up as a “double-edged sword” for college women, potentially facilitating the costs, not just the benefits. It is claimed that this discovery contributes to a more holistic perspective than currently exists concerning the effects of hooking up on young women.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Does Pornography Consumption Increase Participation in Friends with
           Benefits Relationships?
    • Abstract: Abstract Friends with benefits (FWB) relationships integrate two types of relationships—friendship and a relationship that includes sexual intimacy but without an expectation of commitment. These relationships are often seen as less risky than other casual sexual behaviors, but they still pose a high risk of contracting an STI. Pornography consumption has been connected to increases in risky sexual behavior in other types of casual sex. In two studies (Study 1 N = 850; Study 2 N = 992), we examined the hypothesis that pornography use influences FWB behaviors, specifically through the mechanism of sexual scripts. Our results demonstrate that more frequent viewing of pornography is associated with a higher incidence of FWB relationships, a higher number of unique FWB partners, and engagement in all types of risky sexual behaviors during FWB relationships. We did a direct replication of these effects in Study 2 with all point estimates falling within their respective confidence intervals. We also examined these effects while controlling for the stability of FWB behaviors over the course of a semester. Finally, we provided evidence that more permissive sexual scripts mediated the association between frequency of pornography use and FWB behaviors. We discuss our findings with an eye toward mitigating public health risks among emerging adults.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • A National Prospective Study of Pornography Consumption and Gendered
           Attitudes Toward Women
    • Abstract: Abstract Whether consuming pornography leads to gendered attitudes toward women has been debated extensively. Researchers have primarily studied pornography’s contribution to gendered sexual attitudes such as rape myth acceptance and sexual callousness toward women. The present study explored associations between pornography consumption and nonsexual gender-role attitudes in a national, two-wave panel sample of US adults. Pornography consumption interacted with age to predict gender-role attitudes. Specifically, pornography consumption at wave one predicted more gendered attitudes at wave two for older—but not for younger—adults. Gender-role attitudes at wave one were included in this analysis. Pornography consumption was therefore associated with interindividual over time change in older adults’ gendered attitudes toward women. Older adults’ attitudes toward nonsexual gender roles are generally more regressive than those of younger adults. Thus, this finding is consistent with Wright’s (Commun Yearb 35:343–386, 2011) script acquisition, activation, application model (3AM) of media socialization, which posits that attitude change following media exposure is more likely for viewers’ whose preexisting behavioral scripts are less incongruous with scripts for behavior presented in mass media depictions. Contrary to the perspective that selective exposure explains associations between pornography consumption and content-congruent attitudes, gender-role attitudes at wave one did not predict pornography consumption at wave two.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Shame , Sexual Addiction, and Consumption in American Culture
    • Abstract: Abstract Sexual addiction has risen to the forefront of many popular culture depictions of mental illness. A disorder unrecognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, sex addiction is portrayed in the 2011 film Shame with sensitivity and sophistication, following the downward spiral of protagonist Brandon, as his compulsive acquisition of sex is upset by the arrival of his sister. This film serves to complicate the relationship between sex, the traditional masculine film gaze, and neoliberal cultures of consumption. Using Mulvey’s classic reading of scopophilia, Zizek’s readings on desire in film, and Foucault’s work in Discipline and Punish and The History of Sexuality, Volumes 1 and 2, in addition to psychological studies of pleasure and deviance, I explore the conflation of the ‘eye/I’ of the audience, filmmaker, and the subject.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Torture Born: Representing Pregnancy and Abortion in Contemporary
    • Abstract: Abstract In proportion to the increased emphasis placed on abortion in partisan political debate since the early 2000s, there has been a noticeable upsurge in cultural representations of abortion. This article charts ways in which that increase manifests in contemporary survival-horror. This article contends that numerous contemporary survival-horror films foreground pregnancy. These representations of pregnancy reify the pressures that moralistic, partisan political campaigning places on individuals who consider terminating a pregnancy. These films contribute to public discourse by engaging with abortion as an individual, emotional matter, rather than treating abortion as a matter of political principle or a political “means to an end.” This article not only charts a relationship between popular culture and its surrounding political context, but also posits that survival-horror—a genre that has been disparaged by critics and largely ignored by scholars—makes an important contribution to sexual-political discourse. These films use horror to articulate the things we cannot say about abortion.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Conflicting Paradigms on Gender and Sexuality in Rap Music: A Systematic
    • Abstract: Abstract Rap music has major social and cultural significance for American and global youth audiences and, along with other media, is believed to play a central role in shaping adolescents’ beliefs, attitudes and intentions related to sexuality. However few studies concerned with health issues have explored the content of lyrics regarding sex and gender, with most research in this area focused on the effects of media portrayals on sexual behavior and problems. Much of the scholarship analyzing sexuality and gender issues in the media comes from disciplines outside of health and the behavioral sciences, such as cultural studies. This paper compares literature related to sexuality and gender in rap music from a variety of perspectives such as feminism, cultural studies, and sociology as well as from health and behavioral research in order to deepen understanding of the lyrical content that may influence sexual attitudes and behavior. The review illustrates that conflicting paradigms, for example of sexual agency or misogyny, emerge in this literature and that few studies are both conceptually rich and empirically strong. Future research should address this challenge as well as explore changes over time in how sexual and gender relationships have been depicted in this musical genre.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Teaching Young Queers a Lesson: How Police Teach Lessons About
           Non-Heteronormativity in Public Spaces
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper analyses qualitative data with LGBT young people to explore police-LGBT youth interactions, and the outcomes of these interactions, as pedagogical moments for LGBT young people, police, and public onlookers. Although the data in this paper could be interpreted in line with dominant ways of thinking about LGBT young people and police, as criminalization for instance, the data suggested something more complex. This paper employs a theoretical framework informed by poststructural theories, queer theories, and pedagogical theories, to theorise LGBT youth-police interactions as instruction about managing police relationships in public spaces. The analysis shows how LGBT young people are learning from police encounters about the need to avoid ‘looking queer’ to minimise police harm.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • The Intimate World of Men’s Sexual Problems: Portuguese Men’s
           and Women’s Narratives Explicated Through a Mixed Methods Approach
    • Abstract: Abstract This study used a mixed methods approach to investigate the intimate world of men’s sexual problems in Portugal, and particularly erectile dysfunction, focusing on the interplay between individual, societal and relational factors. First, a community-based survey was designed, with 323 primary health care users, to investigate how sociocultural factors influence experiences and representations of sexual problems. Second, a qualitative study, involving in-depth interviews with a subsample of ten heterosexual men, complemented by five heterosexual women’s narratives, concerning men’s sexual problems, was carried out to understand the meaning of sexual problems from a lay perspective. Statistical analysis of quantitative data was carried out through logistic regressions to evaluate the sociodemographic predictors of lay representations of sexual problems. Qualitative data were analyzed using an empirically grounded typology. The role of individuals in the construction of sexual dysfunctions, particularly erectile dysfunction, was explored using sexual script theory. Key findings revealed the impact of sexual problems on daily life. Gender analysis results contributed to the understanding of how men and women challenge the definition of sexual problems as normal changes versus dysfunctional changes. Specific patterns of change in sexual experiences and sexual problems were identified in the Portuguese gendered society, which can possibly be applied to other nations and cultures.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • The Influence of Physical Appearance and Personality on the Exhibition of
           the Sexual Double Standard
    • Abstract: Abstract The sexual double standard is the phenomenon whereby men are evaluated positively and women are evaluated negatively for engaging in identical sexual behavior. Although people can hold conflicting information (e.g., stereotypical vs. counterstereotypical individuating information) about other individuals, they attempt to form a consistent impression of individuals by inhibiting inconsistent information. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether individuating information about physical appearance and personality could mitigate the exhibition of the evaluations stereotypically associated with the sexual double standard. A sample of 596 participants evaluated a target person who reported having 1 or 12 sexual partners. Overall, participants evaluated highly sexually active female targets more positively than their male counterparts when the targets were either attractive and had a pleasant personality, or were unattractive and had an unpleasant personality. Results highlight the importance of the consistency of individuating information for evaluations of highly sexually active women.
      PubDate: 2015-08-26
  • Is the Actual Ideal?: A Content Analysis of College Students’
           Descriptions of Ideal and Actual Hookups
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examined gender differences in college students’ open-ended descriptions of ideal and actual hookups. Themes for each of the open-ended response questions were coded by two coders. Results are from a sample of undergraduate students (N = 343) and indicate that 35.9 % (N = 61) of the female participants’ descriptions were coded as “very different” between actual and ideal hookups, whereas only 17.2 % (N = 29) of male participants’ descriptions were coded as “very different.” Conversely, 55.6 % (N = 94) of male participants exhibited “no difference” between their actual and ideal descriptions of their hookup experience, whereas 38.2 % (N = 65) of female participants’ descriptions were not discrepant. Both differences were statistically significant. Results for descriptions of ideal hookup partners and communication expectations did not differ by gender.
      PubDate: 2015-08-25
  • The Sacred Bed: Sex Guilt Mediates Religiosity and Satisfaction for
           Unmarried People
    • Abstract: Abstract The relationship between religion and sexual satisfaction has long been debated. Oftentimes, previous research on the relationship between these two constructs has been directly contradictory. The current study sought to provide more detail, or perhaps clarify the way that religiosity may relate to sexual satisfaction. Past studies have shown that high religiosity is connected to lower sexual activity, lower desires, and more conservative values. Thus, the current study examined sexual guilt, resulting from sensitivity to internalized religious beliefs and teachings, as a potential mediator between the two constructs. Participants completed an online questionnaire that included measures of religious identification and internalization, sexual satisfaction, and sex guilt. Results suggest that sex guilt mediates the relationship between religiosity and sexual satisfaction for unmarried individuals, but not for married individuals. We suggest calling this finding the sacred bed phenomenon because the difference between the models for married and unmarried samples may be due to a belief in the sacred marital bed.
      PubDate: 2015-08-05
  • Victor Minichiello and John Scott (Eds.): Male Sex Work and Society
    • PubDate: 2015-07-02
  • Sarah L. Leonard: Fragile Minds and Vulnerable Souls: The Matter of
           Obscenity in Nineteenth-Century Germany
    • PubDate: 2015-06-30
  • James Joseph Dean: Straights. Heterosexuality in Post-closeted Culture
    • PubDate: 2015-06-27
  • Lauren Rosewarne: Masturbation in Pop Culture: Screen, Society, Self
    • PubDate: 2015-06-27
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