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SEXUALITY (53 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Is it Too Soon to Meet' Examining Differences in Geosocial Networking
           App Use and Sexual Risk Behavior of Emerging Adults
    • Authors: Hunter A. Hahn; Dokyoung S. You; Michale Sferra; Meagan Hubbard; Sneha Thamotharan; Sherecce A. Fields
      Pages: 1 - 21
      Abstract: Location-based geosocial networking smartphone applications (GSN apps) have become a popular way to meet romantic and casual sex partners. Although first used primarily by men who have sex with men (MSM), GSN apps are now commonly used in the population at large, particularly among emerging adults. Although, these apps may potentially contribute to increases in STI/HIV incidence, previous research linking GSN app use to sexual risk behavior has been mixed, with some suggesting app users report greater sexual risk behavior and others suggesting less. The present paper details findings of two studies with independent samples of emerging adults. The first, a pilot study, examined GSN app use among young MSM (n = 64) to identify possible within-group factors relating dating app use to sexual risk behavior. Results indicated that the time app users spent talking to each other through the app before meeting in person (time before meeting) was related to engagement in sexual risk behavior. Those who talked less before meeting in person engaged in more sexual risk behaviors than those who spent more time talking before meeting in person. The second study sought to expand upon this finding in a more representative sample of GSN app users (n = 129) and compared sexual risk behavior and impulsivity to non-users (n = 88). There were no differences in sexual risk behavior between GSN app users and non-users. However, when examining app users by time before meeting, those with a shorter time before meeting were more impulsive and more likely to report sexual risk behavior. These findings highlight the importance of understanding GSN app use in the spread of STIs/HIV among emerging adults.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9449-3
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Sex in the Media, Sex on the Mind: Linking Television Use, Sexual
           Permissiveness, and Sexual Concept Accessibility in Memory
    • Authors: Francesca R. Dillman Carpentier; Elise M. Stevens
      Pages: 22 - 38
      Abstract: The present study explores the interrelationships between emerging adults’ exposure to sexual depictions on mainstream television, their attitudes toward sexually permissive behaviors, and the salience (accessibility) of concepts related to sexual activity in their implicit memory. Findings indicate a small but significant relationship between increased exposure to sex on television and increased favoring of sexually permissive behaviors, when taking sexual concept accessibility into account. When taking television exposure into account, young adults who held stronger sexually permissive attitudes found it easier to access concepts of sexual activity in memory, suggesting these ideas were top-of-mind for these participants, compared to participants scoring lower on permissiveness. However, there was no direct connection between exposure to sex on television and accessibility of sexual activity in memory when accounting for permissive attitudes, suggesting that sexual permissiveness is at the center of any link between exposure and accessibility. Implications for examining sexual permissiveness as a lens for structuring sexual information in memory, as well as implications for designing sexual health messages are discussed in light of the findings.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9450-x
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Males Prefer Younger Females: Age Preference Among Online Daters in the
           Dominican Republic
    • Authors: Voon Chin Phua; Chrisbell Jimenez Sosa; Katie Aloisi
      Pages: 39 - 47
      Abstract: Previous research has found that online daters show a trend in age preference, with males seeking females younger than themselves and females seeking males older than themselves. These studies covered a wide geographic area but not in the Caribbean. To contribute to the literature, we examine online daters’ age preferences in the Dominican Republic. Our statistical analyses show that similar gendered age preferences exist among Dominican online daters even after controlling for their ages. On average, Dominican males prefer younger partners and the reverse is true for females. While there might be cultural differences in different countries affecting the extent and degree of age preferences, the consistent difference by sex underscores the challenges faced by older females in the online dating market.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9451-9
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Reasons for Pornography Consumption: Associations with Gender,
           Psychological and Physical Sexual Satisfaction, and Attitudinal Impacts
    • Authors: Tara M. Emmers-Sommer
      Pages: 48 - 62
      Abstract: The purpose of this investigation is to examine the associations among gender and reasons for pornography consumption as well as attitudinal impacts. One hundred and forty-three participants, ranging in age from 18 to 48 (M = 21.22), participated in an online study at a large, southwestern university. Seventy-six of these participants identified as current consumers of pornography and are the primary focus of the analyses. Findings indicate that regardless of gender, pornography is preferably consumed in a solitary fashion for masturbatory purposes with a perceived positive physical, but not psychological, sexual satisfying impact for the self as well as for the consuming partner. Further, regarding attitudinal impacts, current male consumers of pornography report significantly higher adversarial sexual beliefs, rape myth acceptance and sexual conservatism than do current female consumers of pornography. Discussion and future directions follow.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9452-8
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • “The Destruction of a Legacy”: Agenda Setting and the Bill Cosby
           Sexual Assault Allegations
    • Authors: Larissa Terán; Tara M. Emmers-Sommer
      Pages: 63 - 89
      Abstract: Utilizing agenda setting theory, this study investigates the Bill Cosby sexual assault allegation scandal and how the scandal is framed by the media. In order to examine if and how varied networks reported differently on the Cosby scandal, sixty articles from three, distinct networks (CNN, FOX News, E!) were analyzed and coded under seven different categories. Results demonstrate a significant difference among the analyzed networks and media frames most reported in the sample for this study. Although all networks address Cosby’s rise and fall of an American hero, agendas set and story frames presented varied. Specifically, CNN highlighted victims’/survivors’ powerful voice whereas E! and FOX News highlighted Cosby’s support from the black community, celebrities and co-stars. Additional results, discussion and future directions follow.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9453-7
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Sexual Scripts in Contemporary Mexican Cinema: A Quantitative Content
    • Authors: Christy L. Kollath-Cattano; Emily S. Mann; Estephania Moreno Zegbe; James F. Thrasher
      Pages: 90 - 105
      Abstract: While the literature on sexual scripts is substantive, with some scholarship examining the role of popular media in the production of normative and divergent sexual practices and interactions, limited attention has been paid to the contemporary Mexican context. In this article, we share findings from a quantitative content analysis of popular Mexican films in order to explore how sexual behavior is portrayed and more specifically how relationship characteristics, condom use, and substance use interact with representations of sexual behavior. We find that more sexually explicit portrayals featured people engaged in heterosexual sexual interactions outside the context of marriage and also in age discordant relationships, where one partner was a minor. Few films featured safer sex practices or substance use in concert with sexual behavior. This research sheds light on how film as a powerful agent of socialization communicates sexual scripts in contemporary Mexican culture that may contribute to risky sexual behaviors among Mexican youth.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9454-6
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Sexual Harassment in Educational Institutions in Delhi’ NCR (India):
           Level of Awareness, Perception and Experience
    • Authors: Adetutu Deborah Aina; Pradeep Kulshrestha
      Pages: 106 - 126
      Abstract: This study examined the level of awareness of sexual harassment in educational institutions in Delhi NCR (India). This paper grouped the results of all respondents into two categories, i.e. Private and State institutions, wherein a total number of 430 respondents were selected from ten private and state universities by simple random sampling from their respective law faculties. The statistical tools used in analyzing the data collected were frequency and chi square which revealed that the level of awareness of private or individually owned institutions is relatively high but lacks clarity, and boils down to a lower level of awareness as compared with state or government owned institutions. The findings also revealed that private universities experience sexual harassment just like state universities. Based on these results, the author recommends the augmentation of awareness programs in all universities, especially private ones. Compulsory sexual education courses for new intakes could be arranged, and final year students could also be re-oriented before they graduate.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9455-5
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Intersex and Intimacy: Presenting Concerns About Dating and Intimate
    • Authors: Sarah E. Frank
      Pages: 127 - 147
      Abstract: The intersex label applies to individuals born with medically classified genitalia, gonads and/or chromosomes that are not solely male nor female. The intersex community must navigate the precarious world of dating and intimacy dominated by heterosexual cisgender bodies and schemas. How do intersex people approach dating and what anxieties do they experience when considering relationships with potential partners' The purpose of this research is to depathologize intersex narratives and study intersex people through the lens of social interaction in the context of intimacy. Data were collected from, a website for communication within the intersex community. From 36 original posts, content analysis identified the following themes: condition description, rejection sensitivity, sexuality and attraction, gender presentation, self-deprecation, genital appearance and function, disclosing the intersex condition, finding potential partners, and reproduction and family. Additionally, some posts were written by non-intersex individuals seeking relationship advice. The present research expands on dating anxiety research by identifying the specific set of dating anxieties experienced by intersex persons when approaching intimate relationships.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9456-4
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Influence of Profession as Risk of STIs in Intimate Partner Relationship
           in South Asian Countries
    • Authors: S. K. Singh; Bhawana Sharma; Santosh Kumar Sharma; Anshur Rehman; Alankar Malviya; Deepanjali Vishwakarma
      Pages: 148 - 161
      Abstract: Mixing of sexual partners as part of the profession of female sex workers (FSWs) can be a risk in intimate partner relationship, which is primarily based on love and affection. Sexual relation with one partner provides emotional and psychological support. However, when it is a web of partners, it often results in unprotected sex, consequently creating a pathway for disease and increasing the vulnerability of FSWs to sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This paper analyses the subtleties of sexual behavior of FSWs and their vulnerability toward STIs in intimate partner relationship in South Asian countries. The basic data used in this paper have been taken from 3 countries, 1271 FSWs from Bangladesh, 1404 FSWs from Nepal, and 7399 FSWs from India. The data were collected through modified time location cluster sampling as a part of mapping and size estimation of most-at-risk populations (MARPs) in Nepal and key affected populations (KAPs) in Bangladesh during the period of 2010–2016. The data for India are taken from the integrated behavioral and biological assessment (IBBA), which assesses the prevalence of high risk population in India. The findings reveal that the majority of the FSWs were married, which reveals dynamics of sexual activity placing them at higher risk of STIs. About half of the FSWs had more than 15 coituses in the last 30 days in Nepal, which is a high risk factor. Unprotected sex is reported high across all three countries irrespective of all background characteristics. Condom use during intercourse in Bangladesh is less likely in older FSWs and more likely among educated FSWs who had coital frequency of 7 or more in the last 30 days. Interestingly, unmarried FSWs in Nepal are less likely to use condom in their last sex as against India where FSWs are more likely to use condom in their last sex. The prevalence of STI among uneducated FSWs is found higher in Bangladesh as compared to Nepal and India. The socio-demographic background characteristics showed a significant association with unprotected sex, coital frequency and prevalence of STI across all three countries.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9457-3
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • The Primal Scene Phenomenon: Witnessing Parental Sexual Activity and
           Sociosexual Orientation
    • Authors: Michael D. Barnett; Katherine E. Berry; Idalia V. Maciel; Arthur D. Marsden III
      Pages: 162 - 175
      Abstract: Sigmund Freud coined the term urszene—or “primal scene”—to describe the experience of children witnessing their parents engaging in sexual activity. We examined the historical context in which the primal scene emerged, considered contemporary views of the primal scene, and conducted two empirical studies (N = 961, 1390) to investigate Freud’s proposition that children who witness the primal scene would later be prone to “attacks of falling physically in love,” which we operationalized as sociosexual orientation. In both studies, individuals who witnessed the primal scene as children had a more unrestricted sociosexual orientation than those who did not. Additionally, men had a more unrestricted sociosexual orientation than women. Altogether, these results suggest a possible link between primal scene exposure and sociosexual orientation. In contrast to psychoanalytic theories, we offer psychodynamic and normative social explanations of the primal scene phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9458-2
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • The New Portrayal of Female Child Sexual Offenders in the Print Media: A
           Qualitative Content Analysis
    • Authors: Larissa S. Christensen
      Pages: 176 - 189
      Abstract: The mass media has the ability to shape public opinion on child sexual offenders. To date, research has found that offenses committed by female child sexual offenders have been portrayed in the media with undertones of sympathy and romanticization. With the apparent shift in gender roles toward gender egalitarianism, the aim of the present study was to obtain an up-to-date understanding of how female child sexual offenders are portrayed in the print media across western countries. The study utilized newspaper articles involving female child sexual offenders, published in English across western countries from 2012 to 2016 (N = 35 articles). A qualitative content analysis revealed two major themes: female child sexual offenders are dangerous and they are accountable for their actions. The findings of the current study are positive and shed light on the potential advancement of the reporting of female child sexual offenders in the print media at an international level.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9459-1
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Dilemmas of Chinese Lesbian Youths in Contemporary Mainland China
    • Authors: Fung Kei Cheng
      Pages: 190 - 208
      Abstract: Obliviousness to co-existing heterosexuality and homosexuality undermines tolerance of same-sex attraction in traditional Chinese culture. With the influence of conservative Abrahamic religious values since the 19th century, homoeroticism became unacceptable in China. This qualitative research was carried out from March to September 2015 to explore the lived experiences of four millennial lesbians in communist China, regarding their views of and predicaments stemming from sexual minorities. The semi-structured, in-depth interviews carried out through communication technology, were transcribed and then analysed through interpretative phenomenological analysis, with the aid of a computerised qualitative data analysis software package. Member-checking, for triangulation, was used to enhance the rigour of this study. The findings reveal parental attitudes towards these youngsters, their redefinition of marriage, and their being doubly marginalised. They offer diverse vistas from Chinese lesbian youths to understand the challenges facing this victimised group in the context of East–West and traditional-contemporary ambiguities, in which this stigmatised population is struggling for sexual autonomy through this dilemma. They potentially inspire social activists to advance further for the benefits of LGBs through rejuvenating the inclusiveness of Chinese sexual culture.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9460-8
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • BDSM, Interaction Rituals and Open Bodies
    • Authors: Charlotta Carlström
      Pages: 209 - 219
      Abstract: In this article, based on ethnographic fieldwork in Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, Sadism and Masochism (BDSM) communities in Sweden, I explore the ritual aspects of BDSM. Drawing on Douglas and Collins’ theories of interaction rituals, I analyse the creation of emotional energy during humiliation practice through connection and intimacy between the participants. The article examines how the ritual aspect of BDSM sessions can be understood as an enabler of expressions and emotional energy. BDSM becomes a free zone in which bodies are allowed to be open in a Bakhtinian sense, that is, transgressive and beyond control.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9461-7
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • The Sociocultural Context of Sexually Diverse Women’s Sexual Desire
    • Authors: Dani E. Rosenkrantz; Kristen P. Mark
      Pages: 220 - 242
      Abstract: Women’s sexual desire is a complex, multifaceted phenomenon. According to the biopsychosocial model of female sexual function, a comprehensive understanding of women’s sexuality requires awareness of the presence of and interaction between biological, psychological, interpersonal, and sociocultural factors. Other sexuality scholars in the field have similarly stressed this perspective, emphasizing that sexual desire in particular is impacted by medical, relational, psychological, and sociocultural influences. Given the influence of sociocultural variables like sexism and heterosexism on women’s lives, we sought to understand the impact of the sociocultural context on sexual desire in 31 bisexual, lesbian, and heterosexual women. Women ranged in age from 20 to 69 and answered a number of questions related to their experience of sexual desire and the ways in which desire related to their sexual identity. The semi-structured interviews focused on women’s retrospective, subjective accounts of their experiences. Using a consensual qualitative research approach and thematic analysis, the interviews revealed four themes and seven subthemes: (1) minority stress (heterosexist discrimination, stigmatized identities, coming out, impact of visible/safe spaces); (2) gender expectations (gendered relationship expectations, gender binary impacts, body image); (3) religion; and (4) taboo and changing cultural times. Participant responses suggest that the sociocultural context can influence the sexual desire of diverse women, supporting both sexual desire exploration and suppression of desire expression by context. Practice and advocacy considerations include understanding of the impact of systems of privilege and oppression (e.g., sexism, heterosexism, racism) on women’s sexual desire experiences and opportunities for supporting diverse women’s sexual empowerment.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9462-6
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Rebooting an Old Script by New Means: Teledildonics—The Technological
           Return to the ‘Coital Imperative’
    • Authors: Maria João Faustino
      Pages: 243 - 257
      Abstract: Teledildonics, a form of digital-mediated sexual interaction, opens new possibilities for the understanding of sexual activity. At first glance, it disrupts conventional preconditions and assumptions about sexual interaction, by allowing the dimension of touch despite the physical distance between partners and, ultimately, promoting a sexual dimension definitely disconnected from the reproductive model of sexuality. However, by scrutinizing the design and functionality of the devices, as well as the discourses presented by three commercial companies—LovePalz, Lovense and Kiiroo—I suggest that this technology reinforces the ‘coital imperative’, by equating sexual interaction with penetration of the vagina by the penis. Although permitting other formulations, specifically for non-heterosexual couples, the penetrative act remains a presupposition. In spite of structurally disrupting the reproductive model of sex, teledildonics promotes its strongest corollary.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9463-5
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Gay Identity and HIV Risk for Black and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men
    • Authors: Kirk D. Henny; Jose Nanin; Zaneta Gaul; Ashley Murray; Madeline Y. Sutton
      Pages: 258 - 270
      Abstract: Strong gay identity among white men who have sex with men (MSM) has been associated with decreased HIV risk, but data for black and Latino MSM (BLMSM) are inconclusive. We examined gay identity and HIV risk among BLMSM to inform social and structural HIV intervention strategies. BLMSM were administered a computerized survey as part of an HIV research study during 2011–2012 conducted in New York City. We used a brief scale of Gay Identity Questionnaire. After data analysis, Stage I (not fully accepting) and Stage II (fully accepting) gay identity were determined based on participant responses. We used logistic regression to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between gay identity with HIV risk and social determinant factors. Among 111 self-identified BLMSM (median age = 32 years, 68.4% with some college or higher education), 34.2% reported receptive anal sex without condoms in the previous three months. Gay Identity Questionnaire Scale assessment indicated that 22 (19.8%) were Stage I, and 85 (76.6%) were Stage II in this BLMSM sample. Stage II gay identity was more likely seen among BLMSM with high involvement in the gay community (aOR 3.2; CI 1.00, 10.26) and less likely among BLMSM who exchanged sex for food or shelter (aOR 0.15; CI 0.02, 0.98). Fully accepting gay identity may be protective for BLMSM as it relates to transactional sex; these factors warrant further research and consideration as part of HIV prevention strategies.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9465-3
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Serializing Masochist Subjectivities: Mapping Intensities from Deleuze’s
           Masoch to Macho Sluts and Fifty Shades of Grey
    • Authors: Chantelle Gray van Heerden
      Pages: 271 - 287
      Abstract: In this article, I investigate the masochist practices and relations presented in the Fifty shades trilogy by E.L. James and Macho sluts by Pat Califia through the lenses of Coldness and cruelty—Deleuze’s essay on masochism—as well as the further developments of his thoughts on masochist relations as presented in the texts written with Guattari, expressly Anti-Oedipus (in terms of the development of their thought on the body without organs) and A thousand plateaus (as a further exposition on the BwO, but this time directly related to masochism). In particular, I am interested in the relationship of desire—and also sexual desire—to the capitalist machine, as well as the kinds of masochistic literatures and subsequent practices and affective registers that are produced in such a context. Finally, I begin to look at the affective structures needed by masochistic literatures, relations and practices for fomenting becomings that initiate subjectivities where each series is defined in terms of its haecceity so that subjective desire is not reduced to capitalist production.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9466-2
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Making and Breaking Abstinence Pledges: Moral Foundations and the Purity
    • Authors: Michael D. Barnett; Kelly J. Martin; Patrick R. Melugin
      Pages: 288 - 298
      Abstract: The purity movement encourages teenagers and young adults to make abstinence pledges, which are promises not to engage in premarital sexual intercourse. Moral foundations theory contends that there are individual differences in the bases of moral decision-making. The purpose of this study was to investigate, among a large sample (N = 961) of U.S. college students, whether there are differences in moral foundations between individuals who make and do not make abstinence pledges—and, among individuals who make an abstinence pledge, between those who do and do not break their pledge. Results indicated that abstinence pledgers endorsed greater binding foundations than those who did not make a pledge. Among abstinence pledgers, women who kept their pledge reported higher binding foundations than both men who kept their pledge and women who broke their pledge. Overall, these results suggest links between moral foundations and abstinence pledging.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9467-1
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • Feminism’s Flip Side: A Cultural History of the Pickup Artist
    • Authors: Andrew Stephen King
      Pages: 299 - 315
      Abstract: This paper provides a historical account of the ‘pickup artists’ (PUA) phenomenon, tracing the origins back to the early 1970s when more liberal attitudes towards sexuality were on the rise in the West. Today PUA advice not only includes information about seduction techniques, but also programs about self-improvement or so-called ‘inner game’. Seduction and dating gurus can be found across the internet—from individual bloggers to dating coaches and relationship experts—all providing niche services and products on how to seduce and/or have fulfilling relationships with women. By addressing the moral panics around the PUA discourse, the paper seeks to illustrate the connection between second wave feminism, as a discourse increasingly interested in the idea of ‘gender egalitarianism’ and the popularity of seduction techniques for men based on emerging scientific research.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9468-0
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
  • What’s on Sale' A Discourse Analysis of Four Distinctive Online
           Escort Advertisement Websites
    • Authors: Kristofor Oscar Burghart
      Pages: 316 - 335
      Abstract: Technological advances have contributed to the changing structure and organisation of sex work, heralding a dramatic growth in sex workers soliciting and advertising the selling of sex via the Internet. This study was concerned with four distinctive, independent online escort markets—male heterosexual, female heterosexual, gay and lesbian. A discourse analysis was conducted on ten online advertisements from each escort sample, in order to analyse how different online escorts advertise their sexual services in relation to gender, sexuality and social class. The findings reveal core differences between each of the escort samples in relation to gender and power dynamics. Findings highlighted that maleness and masculinity-as-power play a role whether we are looking at men as the buyers or the sellers of escort services. In stark contrast, advertisements presented femaleness and femininity as objectified, submissive and/or vulnerable regardless as to whether we are looking at women as the buyers or the sellers of escort services.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-017-9469-z
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
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