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SEXUALITY (46 journals)

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Journal Cover Sexuality & Culture
  [SJR: 0.409]   [H-I: 14]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1095-5143 - ISSN (Online) 1936-4822
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2336 journals]
  • Bullies and Blackmail: Finding Homophobia in the Closet on Teen TV
    • Authors: Wendy Peters
      Pages: 486 - 503
      Abstract: Abstract In 2010–2011, teen TV series set in high schools depicted as many non-straight teen characters in one year as in the preceding decade. Through a discursive textual analysis of closeted, post-closet and recently out teens on five scripted American and Canadian television series from this season, I argue that the closet is consistently framed as a vulnerable, dangerous and violent space in contrast to the safety and acceptance that accompanies coming out and being out in high school. Further, these teen series explicitly present homophobia as an issue of significance in teen lives, while ascribing its existence to individuals. Many versions of this pattern reflect a media trend identified by David Bergman in which homophobia is shown to exist only in the minds of people who are gay. Importantly, these series often assign responsibility for the mobilization of homophobia to non-straight teens. I highlight four tropes concerning the closet that figure prominently: the homophobic and closeted bully; the blackmail of a closeted character; the sidelining of closeted characters; and the ease of coming out in high school. This focus on closeted, post-closet and recently out teens enables a comparison of how non-straight youth are represented in highly differentiated terms.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9336-3
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Oscar Wilde in Singapore: Ambivalence, Enforcement, and the
           Criminalization of Homosexuality
    • Authors: Jane Yeang Chui Wong
      Pages: 504 - 524
      Abstract: Abstract The city state of Singapore, which recently celebrated 50 years of independence, still curiously retains a nineteenth century colonial penal code that criminalizes homosexuality. While state censorship discourages its citizens from engaging in public discourse that explores the implications of this penal code, colloquially known as 377A, discussions on the topic are still visible. High profile attempts to repeal the law through challenging the Singapore Constitution are reported in mainstream media outlets, and the artistic community also supports the repeal of the penal code. One of the most powerful instances of this was W!ld Rice’s 2013 all-male production of Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest followed by Moisés Kaufman’s Gross Indecency: The Three Trials of Oscar Wilde (the former played to international acclaim in Macau in 2014 and Brisbane in September 2015). This essay examines the relationship between art and state policy in Singapore by considering how artistic expressions that address social and cultural anxieties contribute to rather than subvert conversations about social policy-making. In this case, the seemingly comical Wilde plays produced an especially serious and nuanced analysis of the off-stage consensus problems in Singapore, among the LGBT community, heterosexual citizens, and the government. The plays effectively expose and articulate the deeply ambivalent sentiments that have come to characterize the 377A debate.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9338-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Erratum to: Oscar Wilde in Singapore: Ambivalence, Enforcement, and the
           Criminalization of Homosexuality
    • Authors: Jane Yeang Chui Wong
      Pages: 525 - 525
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9347-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Peat Bogs, Sperm, and Family Values: Teaching Naturalism Charitably
    • Authors: Marc Champagne
      Pages: 526 - 534
      Abstract: Abstract Introductory courses dealing with sex, gender and sexuality often assign excerpts from Thomas Aquinas as an exemplar of the naturalist view. Given that most novice students tend to side against such naturalism uncritically, they need to be exposed to a more charitable account of the biological considerations motivating a stance like Aquinas.’ With that in mind, this article presents accessible arguments aimed at restoring deliberative balance in the classroom.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9339-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Lesbian Sex in Mainstream Cinema and Audience Enjoyment
    • Authors: María T. Soto-Sanfiel; Adriana Ibiti
      Pages: 555 - 578
      Abstract: Abstract We explore factors affecting audience engagement in mainstream movies showing explicit lesbian sex. A total of 236 participants of different genders and sexual orientations completed a questionnaire measuring factors related to enjoyment immediately after watching La vie d’Adèle in commercial cinemas. Statistical analysis confirmed that positive audience engagement is explained by several factors: viewers considering that the sexual intercourse portrayed is not excessive, the artistic–dramatic justification of the scenes, the inspired appreciation, the perceived realism of the sex scenes and the sexual arousal experienced. Results also show that the use of lesbian sex as a lure is a crucial factor for eliciting enjoyment and appreciation of movies featuring images of explicit sex.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9342-5
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual Fantasy, Masturbation and Pornography Among Egyptians
    • Authors: Zeinab Kasemy; Dalia El-Sayed Desouky; Gaafar Abdelrasoul
      Pages: 626 - 638
      Abstract: Abstract Sexual behavior is subjected to varying degrees of social, cultural, religious and moral constraints. With the lack of Egyptian studies addressing the prevalence of sexual fantasy, masturbation and pornography consumption, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these behaviors among Egyptians, and its relation to socio-demographic characteristics. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 1532 patients who attended four outpatient clinics of Menoufia University Hospital in the time from January to March 2015. A significant higher prevalence of sexual fantasy was found among female participants, whereas unmarried males showed a higher prevalence compared to married ones. The prevalence of masturbation and pornography was significantly higher among males and among participants with higher educational level. Higher masturbation and pornography prevalence was found among married males with a marriage duration of >10–20 years, where a higher prevalence was found among married females with a marriage duration of ≤10 years. The study showed a considerably high prevalence of sexual fantasy, masturbation and pornography among the participants. Future studies are needed to assess the risk factors that contribute to this high prevalence. This should be followed by a comprehensive and effective intervention program to ensure optimum reproductive and sexual health among Egyptians.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9346-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Finding Lolita: A Comparative Analysis of Interest in Youth-Oriented
    • Authors: Andrea Walker; David A. Makin; Amber L. Morczek
      Pages: 657 - 683
      Abstract: Abstract The way we access pornography has certainly changed over time, as has the depth and breadth of pornographic content. Yet, despite decades of research on the effects of pornography, far less is known about specific genres, consumption patterns, and the characteristics of those consuming varying types of content. Utilizing Google search trends and image searches, this research explores the interest and relationships at the macro level within the niche of youth-oriented pornography. Results indicate that interest varies based on gender, age, geographic origin, and income. Future research and policy implications based upon the findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9355-0
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual Debut Ages in Heterosexual, Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults
           in Norway
    • Authors: Bente Træen; Sven Ove Samuelsen; Katrina Roen
      Pages: 699 - 716
      Abstract: Abstract This study estimates sexual debut ages in young heterosexual, lesbian, gay, and bisexual men and women in Norway. A questionnaire survey was completed online by 27.2 % of a representative national web sample of 2090 persons aged 18–29 years. Three self-selected samples of 924 respondents completed an extended version of the survey online. Lesbian and bisexual women reported earlier experience of orgasm through masturbation than heterosexual women (median 13.1 vs. 15.2 years), and heterosexual men (median 13.5) reported earlier debut than heterosexual women. There was a statistically significant difference between heterosexual and lesbian and bisexual women’s age at the first experience of receptive vaginal sex (median 16.8 vs. 15.4 years). As regards experience of insertive vaginal sex, a significantly higher percentage of heterosexual men than women, and of heterosexual and lesbian and bisexual women, reported experience. It was more common among lesbian and bisexual women than heterosexual women to have had oral sex with another woman, but in neither group did the cumulative percent reach 50 % by the age of 29 years and the median could not be estimated. Gay and bisexual men reported earlier receptive anal sex debut than heterosexual men. With regard to insertive anal sex, gay and bisexual men accumulated experience earlier than heterosexual men, and lesbian and bisexual women acquired this experience earlier than heterosexual women. Compared to heterosexuals, LGB persons of both genders engage in more varied sexual activities. Lesbian and gay persons have same-sex experiences at an earlier age than bisexuals.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9353-2
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Correlates of Forced First Sexual Intercourse Among Women in the
    • Authors: Yujiro Sano; Alice P. Sedziafa; Eric Y. Tenkorang
      Pages: 717 - 730
      Abstract: Abstract Forced sex has been identified as a public health and human rights issue. While a few studies have explored women’s experiences on forced sex in the Philippines, their findings were largely descriptive. Using the 2008 Philippines Demographic and Health Survey, the current study examined factors associated with forced first sexual intercourse among Filipino women. Results indicated that Cebuano and Ilonggo women were more likely to describe sexual debut as forced than their Tagalog counterparts. Also, compared to those from the poorest households, women from richer households were less likely to report forced first sexual intercourse. Moreover, currently married women were less likely to report forced at sexual debut than never-married women. Finally, early sexual initiation was a risk factor for forced sexual debut. These findings have implications for policymakers and other stakeholders. Interventions targeting sexual violence against women in the Philippines must pay specific attention to ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9356-z
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Law and LGBQ-Parent Families
    • Authors: Emily Kazyak; Brandi Woodell
      Pages: 749 - 768
      Abstract: Abstract This paper addresses how the law affects LGBQ-parent families. We first outline the legal landscape that LGBQ parents face in the US, underscoring that it varies drastically by state and creates inequity for families. Reviewing existing social science research, we then address how the law affects three processes for LGBQ people: desiring parenthood, becoming a parent, and experiencing parenthood. Our review indicates that the law affects if and how LGBQ people become parents. LGBQ people consider the law as they make decisions about whether to pursue adoption, donor insemination, or surrogacy and often view the latter two pathways as the most legally secure. Further, the law continues to be salient for LGBQ parents throughout parenthood and affects family well-being. Specifically, legal inequity diminishes parent’s well-being, the relationship among couples who are parenting, and parents’ ability to effectively advocate for their children in institutional settings like healthcare contexts. Finally, we address directions for future research for scholars interested in the law, family processes and outcomes, and LGBQ families.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9335-4
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Mireille Miller-Young: A Taste for Brown Sugar: Black Women in Pornography
    • Authors: Angela Mika Holton
      Pages: 769 - 771
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9352-3
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Yorick Smaal: Sex, Soldiers and the South Pacific, 1939–1945: Queer
           Identities in Australia in the Second World War
    • Authors: Florian Georg Mildenberger
      Pages: 772 - 773
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9354-1
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 3 (2016)
  • Adult-Child Sex and the Demands of Virtuous Sexual Morality
    • Authors: Agustin Malón
      Abstract: Abstract This article is the continuation of a previous analysis of the usual arguments—lack of consent, exploitation and harm—used to evaluate sexual experiences between adults and children from general moral principles. It has been suggested that those arguments were insufficient to condemn all adult-child sexual experiences, and that it would be of interest to study others that come from a specific sexual morality based on a more complex and transcendent conception of human eroticism and sexual conduct. This paper develops three different arguments against adult-child sex from this perspective, a view which, while not rejecting the Kantian and utilitarian approaches, complements and transforms them with a virtue ethic that questions not only the permissibility of certain acts but also their moral desirability under this frame of reference. This helps us to clarify the scientific discourse on adult-child sex and directs us to the importance of attending to the educational dimension of this moral problem.
      PubDate: 2016-10-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9392-8
  • Gay Men’s Construction and Management of Identity on Grindr
    • Authors: Rusi Jaspal
      Abstract: Abstract This study explores gay men’s construction and management of identity on Grindr. A sample of gay men was interviewed and the data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The following themes are outlined: (1) constructing and re-constructing identities on Grindr; (2) bolstering sexual self-efficacy; (3) managing online and offline identities. Despite the apparent social psychological benefits of geospatial gay social networking applications, the pressures of coercive norms on the application as well as perceived “addiction” to it can result in threats to identity, thereby challenging social and psychological wellbeing.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9389-3
  • Nobody Wants to Date a Whore: Rape-Supportive Messages in Women-Directed
           Christian Dating Books
    • Authors: Kathryn R. Klement; Brad J. Sagarin
      Abstract: Abstract Despite advances in gender and sexual equality, women are still constrained by standards and norms in American culture. Women hear messages that they must remain sexually abstinent, and if they violate these proscriptions, they are met with negative social consequences. The present study examined a potential source for such messages: women-directed Christian dating books, using hypothesis-driven thematic analysis. Based on Moon and Reger’s findings of rape myths, dehumanization and objectification of women, and sexism among mixed-gender dating books, it was expected that the women-directed books would contain both messages of purity culture, which mandates that women either remain virgins or be considered whores, and messages of rape culture, which supports sexual violence and invokes consequences for women who deviate from socially proscribed gendered norms. These hypotheses were supported. Content analysis of both mixed-gender and women-directed Christian dating books revealed themes such as: the belief that sex devalues women; men and women were created for different, complementary purposes; sex should only be for procreation; women are responsible for sexual violence that men perpetrate; women should expect and accept sexual violence as a normal part of life; and women who are not submissive should be derogated. The implications of finding these themes in media meant to convey lessons of purity are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9390-x
  • “ After Your Honor is Gone …”: Exploration of Developmental
           Trajectories and Life Experiences of Women Working in Mumbai’s Red-Light
           Brothel Districts
    • Authors: Rochelle L. Dalla; Lee M. Kreimer
      Abstract: Abstract This investigation was intended, first, to examine the early life and childhood experiences of adult women working in the red-light districts of Mumbai, India. A corollary to this goal was determination of processes that led to entry into the commercial sex industry (CSI). Second, we sought better understanding of women’s adult relationships with family of origin and key players of the brothel-based sex industry (e.g., peers, clients, brothel-keepers). Finally, we explored exiting options. In other words, to what extent is it possible to leave India’s brothel-based sex industry if one wanted to do so? Guided by the life-course theory of development, in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 women working in two red-light districts of Mumbai, India. Most women described childhoods of extreme poverty, had been trafficked into the CSI, and reported minimal social support as adults. Exiting was challenged by multi-faceted cultural and structural constraints. Implications for continued research are provided.
      PubDate: 2016-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9388-4
  • “He’s Like a Brother”: The Social Construction of Satisfying
           Cross-Sex Friendship Roles
    • Abstract: Abstract Unlike most forms of relating, cross-sex friendships do not inherit pre-established social roles that influence norms and form expectations. Instead, members of cross-sex friendships must construct an understanding of their relationship and find the language with which to explain it to others. This study identifies the role(s) commonly created or adopted for cross-sex friendship and determines which constructs of cross-sex friendship are correlated with relational satisfaction. Study 1 used in-depth interviews (N = 40) and qualitative analysis to discover roles with which cross-sex friends identify. Study 2 utilized a close-ended questionnaire (N = 206) to assess the relative frequency of the role types, whether men and women differed in their role selection, and whether role type is related to relational satisfaction. Both samples consisted of college students in the western United States. Results indicate that women most commonly construct their male–female friendship as a sibling relationship, and men most frequently label their relationship “just friends,” and both of these ways of constructing the relationship are related to a high level of friendship satisfaction. Participants who described their friendship as a romantic relationship had a significantly lower level of friendship satisfaction. The implication of these results for understanding the social construction of cross-sex friendship is discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9387-5
  • Age-Stratifying Homosexualities in the Social Sciences
    • Authors: Diederik F. Janssen
      Abstract: Abstract During the latter half of the twentieth century, Anglo-American sociologists advanced cross-cultural and historical typifications of “age-stratified homosexualities”, differentiated from, in particular, “gender-based” and “egalitarian” varieties of same-sex intimacies. In their arguable aftermath, these typological demarcations and juxtapositions may be appreciated as participating in and proclaiming a distinct moment of arrival and consolidation for a broader scope of Western adult “gay” identities and politics. To this end, an historical appraisal is offered of this demarcation and typing of “homosexualities” in terms of age and gender, especially recalling that the earliest apologetic constructions of homosexuality in Northern Europe already proposed both philologically and ethno-geographically informed distinctions between “man-manly” (and eventually “woman-womanly”) love and boy-love. Notwithstanding, the perennial typological distinction of “age-stratification” in “LGBT”-identified advocacy and social sciences, has been, and remains, more problematic than has been, or can be, expressed in terms of social roles, organizations or systems. Implications for ongoing Western psychiatric circumscriptions of “pedophilia” and “hebephilia”, for instance, remain notably unexplored both historically and anthropologically.
      PubDate: 2016-09-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9385-7
  • Jeffrey Weeks: What is Sexual History?
    • Authors: Florian G. Mildenberger
      PubDate: 2016-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9384-8
  • Intimate Transactions: Sex Toys and the Sexual Discourse of Second-Wave
    • Authors: Hallie Lieberman
      Abstract: Abstract This article examines customer correspondence to Eve’s Garden from women throughout the United States from 1974 to 1989 to determine how ordinary women at the height of the second-wave feminist movement grappled with fraught issues surrounding changing conceptions of sexuality. These exchanges show that feminist sex debates were incorporated into women’s everyday lives, often in terms of a conflict between sexual desires and feminist principles, providing evidence that the personal truly was political. My article shows that sex toys helped women envision their sexuality in new ways. Letters show how ordinary women struggled to take control of their sexuality by creating relationships with commercial establishments in a world awash in social and political changes. Three principal themes emerge from customer correspondence. First is that many feminists were initially skeptical that sex toys could be reconciled with feminist political beliefs. Second is the ambivalence about using an inanimate object, a machine, for sexual pleasure. And third is the complicated role of sex toys in relationships, both lesbian and straight, particularly when women desired vaginal penetration with dildos.
      PubDate: 2016-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12119-016-9383-9
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