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AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access  
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Gay and Lesbian Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
GLQ : A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Transgenderism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bisexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of GLBT Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Homosexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lesbian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sex Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sexual & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Raheema     Open Access  
Religion and Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Periódicus     Open Access  
Screen Bodies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Experience, Perception, and Display     Full-text available via subscription  
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Sex Roles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual and Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexualities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexuality & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sexuality and Disability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access  
SQS - Suomen Queer-tutkimuksen Seuran lehti     Open Access  
Theology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
TSQ : Transgender Studies Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung     Hybrid Journal  
Journal Cover Sex Roles
  [SJR: 1.182]   [H-I: 75]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2762 - ISSN (Online) 0360-0025
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Promoting Theory-Based Perspectives in Sexual Double Standard Research
    • Authors: Yuliana Zaikman; Michael J. Marks
      Pages: 407 - 420
      Abstract: The sexual double standard (SDS) has been a focus of research for several decades. Numerous anecdotal accounts of the double standard exist, detailing its consequences and impact on women’s, as well as men’s, sexual behavior and identities. Empirical research, however, has yet to completely corroborate the degree to which the double standard pervades everyday life. The disparity between anecdotal accounts and empirical evidence related to the SDS may be the result of the partially atheoretical approach with which the SDS has traditionally been examined. The goal of the present paper is to encourage researchers to take a more theory-oriented approach to understanding the double standard. Our goal is not to provide another comprehensive literature review or an argument for the “best” theory, but rather to promote theory-based perspectives in future SDS research. In the current paper, three theoretical perspectives—evolutionary theory, social role theory, and cognitive social learning theory—and their relevance to the SDS are discussed. We discuss four hypotheses, one related to the core tenet of the SDS itself, and three related to moderating factors, including characteristics of evaluators (i.e., gender, gender roles beliefs, and sexual history), characteristics of targets (i.e., relationship type engaged in, sexual activities participated in, and power status), and social factors (i.e., cultural background, historical era, and socialization agents). Existing research is also interpreted in light of one or more of the theoretical perspectives in the hopes of guiding future research.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0677-z
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • What is a True Gamer? The Male Gamer Stereotype and the Marginalization of
           Women in Video Game Culture
    • Authors: Benjamin Paaßen; Thekla Morgenroth; Michelle Stratemeyer
      Pages: 421 - 435
      Abstract: Women and men play video games in approximately equal numbers. Despite this similarity, video gaming is still strongly associated with men. A common justification for this stereotype is that, although women might play games, they should not be considered “true” or “hard-core” gamers because they play more casually and less skillfully compared to their male counterparts. In this contribution, we review the existing literature on gender and gaming to investigate the male gamer stereotype in terms of its accuracy, persistence, effects, and future perspective. We conclude that the stereotype varies in accuracy depending on the definition of “gamer.” We further argue that the persistence of this stereotype can be explained by the fact that almost all professional and highly visible figures in gaming culture are male. On the other hand, female players who achieve a moderate level of competence are rendered invisible or are actively marginalized. We argue that the effects of the male gamer stereotype can be harmful to women, precluding them from the positive outcomes of video game play such as enhanced access to fields of science, technology, and engineering.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0678-y
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Does Gender Matter? Testing the Influence of Presumed Media Influence on
           Young People’s Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery
    • Authors: Nainan Wen; Stella C. Chia; Hao Xiaoming
      Pages: 436 - 447
      Abstract: The present study examined gender differences in young people’s attitudes toward cosmetic surgery as well as the joint effects of media and peers on their attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. A survey of 555 university students in Singapore showed that young people of both sexes generally held positive attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. We observed no significant gender disparities in their acceptance of cosmetic surgery or intention to undergo cosmetic surgery. We tested the influence of the presumed media influence model, and our findings supported direct and indirect models of media influence on young people’s attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. The indirect model was mediated by perceived influence of cosmetic surgery-related media on peers. We also found that men were more susceptible to the influence of presumed media influence than women were. Practice implications of our study for educators include open discussions regarding cosmetic surgery and the influence of media and peers among young people, as well as differentiating intervention programs for emerging adult women and men.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0680-4
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Materialism Predicts Young Chinese Women’s Self-Objectification and
           Body Surveillance
    • Authors: Fei Teng; Jin You; Kai-Tak Poon; Ye Yang; Jianing You; Yongqiang Jiang
      Pages: 448 - 459
      Abstract: Previous research on antecedents of women’s self-objectification mainly focuses on situational factors whereas our study examined whether women’s values on materialism would predict their self-objectification and body surveillance in a sample of 218 undergraduate women in south China. Specifically, we proposed that materialism would increase women’s tendency to regard sexual attractiveness as capital for them to gain positive life outcomes (i.e., capitalization of sexual attractiveness, CSA), and the tendency to have appearance-contingent self-worth (i.e., appearance CSW), which would in turn predict their self-objectification and body surveillance. Results provided support for the proposed theoretical model. Specifically, CSA and appearance CSW mediated the relationship between materialism and women’s self-objectification, whereas appearance CSW mediated the relationship between materialism and women’s body surveillance. These results expand the scope of investigation by incorporating Chinese samples and suggest that in addition to socio-cultural and interpersonal predictors, women’s values can contribute to the development of an objectifying perspective on themselves. Therefore, interventions on women’s values combined with attempts to change sexually-objectifying environments are both critical in reducing self-objectification and body surveillance in women.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0671-5
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • The Effect of Occupational Gender Stereotypes on Men’s Interest in
           Female-Dominated Occupations
    • Authors: J. Andrew Forsman; Joan M. Barth
      Pages: 460 - 472
      Abstract: A great deal of research has sought to explain women’s lower interest in male-dominated occupations, but relatively little attention has been given to explaining men’s disinterest in female-dominated occupations. Examining factors that affect men’s interest in female-dominated occupations has both theoretical and practical implications. Two factors hypothesized to alter the gender-stereotype salience of an occupation were examined: occupation titles and gender-stereotyped occupation descriptions. We hypothesized that men who reported higher levels of stereotypical feminine attributes would be more interested in feminine-stereotyped occupations. College-aged participants (N = 1001, 791 male) enrolled in an engineering, computer science, or physics course recorded their interest in occupations with or without a feminine title and described with either feminine or masculine stereotyped skills and attributes. Participants also reported the degree to which they held stereotypical feminine attributes. Results indicated that men showed greater interest in no-title occupations, especially when masculine characteristics were used in the description. For men, self-reported levels of feminine attributes were associated with interest in occupations with feminine descriptions, primarily in the no-title condition. Women expressed more interested than did men in the occupations, but unlike men, women were equally interested in occupations with feminine and masculine descriptions. Findings are consistent with the theories of precluded interest (Cheryan 2010) and circumscription and compromise (Gottfredson 1981). It is concluded that a key for attracting men to female-dominated vocations may be to provide opportunities for men to consider an occupation in ways that prevent or disrupt comparison to traditional stereotypic archetypes.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0673-3
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Contact with Counter-Stereotypical Women Predicts Less Sexism, Less Rape
           Myth Acceptance, Less Intention to Rape (in Men) and Less Projected
           Enjoyment of Rape (in Women)
    • Authors: Miriam Taschler; Keon West
      Pages: 473 - 484
      Abstract: Intergroup contact—(positive) interactions with people from different social groups—is a widely researched and strongly supported prejudice-reducing mechanism shown to reduce prejudice against a wide variety of outgroups. However, no known previous research has investigated whether intergroup contact can also reduce sexism against women. Sexism has an array of negative outcomes. One of the most detrimental and violent ones is rape, which is both justified and downplayed by rape myth acceptance. We hypothesised that more frequent, higher quality contact with counter-stereotypical women would predict lower levels of sexism and thus less rape myth acceptance (in men) and less sexualised projected responses to rape (in women). Two studies using online surveys with community samples supported these hypotheses. In Study 1, 170 male participants who experienced more positive contact with counter-stereotypical women reported less intention to rape. Similarly, in Study 2, 280 female participants who experienced more positive contact with counter-stereotypical women reported less projected sexual arousal at the thought of being raped. Thus, the present research is the first known to show that contact could be a potential tool to combat sexism, rape myth acceptance, intentions to rape in men, and sexualisation of rape by women.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0679-x
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Retrospective Accounts of Sexual Peer Victimization in Adolescence: Do
           Social Status and Gender-Conformity Play a Role?
    • Authors: Carie M. Buchanan; Patti McDougall
      Pages: 485 - 497
      Abstract: In popular media, the degree to which adolescents possess social power and conform to gender norms appears to dictate experiences and perpetrations of peer victimization that are sexual in nature. Therefore, the hypothesis that high-status gender conforming adolescents sexually victimize low-status gender nonconforming peers was examined using retrospective accounts of social status, gender-conformity, and sexual and nonsexual forms of peer victimization in high school as reported by 209 participants, ages 18–23 years old. Although these hypotheses were not fully supported, popularity and gender-conformity were found to be associated with different forms of peer victimization as they occur in adolescence. Self-reported popularity was implicated more commonly in experiencing nonsexual forms of peer victimization and perpetrating sexual peer victimization. However, gender-conformity was found to be a stronger predictor in explaining experiences of social and sexual peer victimization and perpetrating verbal and social peer victimization. The findings suggest that there is a level of complexity to sexual and nonsexual peer victimization that requires more refined examination of gender-conformity and social hierarchy alongside the identification of additional mechanisms. To effectively prevent different forms of peer victimization (sexual and nonsexual) during adolescence, it is important to continue examining the role of developmental mechanisms specific to adolescence.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0672-4
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Preschool Teachers’ Facilitation of Gender-Typed and Gender- Neutral
           Activities during Free Play
    • Authors: Kristen L. Granger; Laura D. Hanish; Olga Kornienko; Robert H. Bradley
      Pages: 498 - 510
      Abstract: Understanding how preschool teachers facilitate children’s engagement in gender-typed and gender-neutral activities is important given that engagement in gender-typed activities is differentially linked to the development of skills connected to later academic achievement. Thus, facilitation of children’s engagement in gender-typed activities may contribute to emergence of gender differences in later educational outcomes. The current study used a teacher-focal observational coding system to investigate research questions about the frequency with which teachers facilitated feminine, masculine, and gender-neutral activities with same- and mixed-gender groups during free-play. Participants were 37 female teachers of Head Start classrooms in the U.S. Southwest (M years teaching preschool = 10.57, SD = 6.85, range = 2–27; 75.6 % completed at least a bachelor’s degree). Results revealed that feminine activities were facilitated less often than were masculine and gender- neutral activities during free play. Results also revealed variability in teachers’ facilitation of feminine, masculine, and gender-neutral activities, depending on the gender composition of the students with whom teachers were interacting (i.e., boys-only, girls-only, and mixed-gender). Implications for educational, developmental, and gender research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0675-1
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Predicting Attitudes toward the Masculine Structure of the Military with
           Turkish Identification and Ambivalent Sexism
    • Authors: Nuray Sakallı Uğurlu; Fatih Özdemir
      Pages: 511 - 519
      Abstract: Why do people support the masculine structure of the Turkish military? Why do women hold inferior positions in the military? How are sexism and Turkish identification relevant to attitudes toward the masculine structure of the military? Focusing on these questions, the current study explored the associations among Turkish identification, ambivalent sexism (including hostile and benevolent sexism), and attitudes toward the masculine structure of the military in Turkey after controlling for gender, political views, and military affiliation. University students (316 women; 262 men; M age = 22.02, SD = 2.20) completed the Attitude toward The Masculine Structure of the Military, Turkish Identification, Ambivalent Sexism scales and provided information about age, gender, political view, and military affiliation. The results showed that Turkish identification, hostile sexism, and benevolent sexism predicted attitudes toward the masculine structure of the military after controlling for gender, political view, and military affiliation. Participants who scored higher on Turkish identification and hostile and benevolent sexism supported the masculine structure of the military. The findings may be useful for researchers who aim to better understand why Turkish military personnel is primarily male, how some improvement can be provided for the process of recruitment and retention of military personnel, and how to improve the positions of women in the military or women who would like to join military.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0676-0
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • F eminist P erspectives on the F eminine and R eligion
    • Authors: Rosara Torrisi
      Pages: 520 - 521
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0721-z
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Intersectionality Needs Jewish Feminism
    • Authors: Kayla Miriyam Weiner
      Pages: 522 - 523
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0719-6
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • “Watch out, Sweetie”: The Impact of Gender and Offence Type on
           Parents’ Altruistic Fear of Crime
    • Authors: Laura Vozmediano; César San-Juan; Ana I. Vergara; Natalia Alonso-Alberca
      Abstract: Altruistic fear of crime, that is, the fear that another person will become a victim of crime, is frequent and relevant, especially among parents for their children, but it has received much less attention than personal fear in the social sciences literature. We aim to analyze this fear in relation to a parent’s gender, family gender composition (having sons only, daughters only or a mixed composition with both sons and daughters), and feared type of crime, with a sample of 290 parents from the Basque Country (north of Spain). A mixed-design ANCOVA showed no differences between mothers’ and fathers’ fears, but a statistically significant interaction was found between family gender composition and crime type. Parents in families with at least one daughter (daughters only and mixed families) reported more frequent fear than those in families with only sons, and fear was even more frequent when considering sexual abuse. Increased fear for daughters happens for all the considered crime types, even for those in which victims are usually boys. Findings highlight the relevance of parental fears even in objectively safe cities like the studied one, and they have implications for future studies on gendered transmission of fears and on related parental practices with impact on the autonomy and well-being of children.
      PubDate: 2017-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0758-7
  • Unequal Care, Unequal Work: Toward a more Comprehensive Understanding of
           Gender Inequality in Post-Reform Urban China
    • Authors: Yingchun Ji; Xiaogang Wu; Shengwei Sun; Guangye He
      Abstract: Over the last four decades, as China has transitioned from a socialist centralized economy to a productivity-and-efficiency-oriented market economy, so too have the country’s public and private spheres become increasingly differentiated. Although others attribute changing gender inequality to the market transition, we draw from Chinese feminist critical analyses and propose a theoretical framework regarding how the two-sphere separation in contemporary China, embedded in how gender equality was organized in the socialist time, has been driven by the state and is further justified by changing gender ideologies. We review the existing literature and identify gaps in research on how women’s disadvantages in the public and private spheres—in the labor market and within the family—mutually reinforce each other in post-reform urban China. We also discuss how the dynamics of, and interactions between, the two spheres are justified by a changing gender ideology. Finally, by exploring gender inequality in the process of the two-sphere separation in a transitional context, we make an important contribution to the general sociological and gender literature.
      PubDate: 2017-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0751-1
  • A Social Dominance Theory Perspective on Attitudes Toward Girl Child
           Marriages in Turkey: The Legitimizing Role of Ambivalent Sexism
    • Abstract: The girl child marriage practice (a forced marriage involving a young woman under age 18) is a serious problem in Turkey as it is in many developing countries. It is important to investigate the reasons behind individuals’ support for girl child marriages. The aim of the present study is to examine attitudes toward girl child marriages in Turkey within the perspective of social dominance theory (Sidanius and Pratto 1999). Namely, we investigate the relationship between social dominance orientation and attitudes toward girl child marriages. We also examine the mediating role of ambivalent sexism (both hostile and benevolent) in this association. Students (N = 388) from two universities in Ankara completed the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, the Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) Scale, and our Attitudes toward Girl Child Marriages Scale. Results indicate that men have more positive attitudes toward girl child marriages than women do. In addition, SDO predicts positive attitudes toward girl child marriages. Also, hostile, but not benevolent, sexism mediates the relationship between SDO and attitudes toward girl child marriages. The present study shows that those who endorse male dominance and gender inequality also have more positive attitudes toward girl child marriages. It also shows that these people draw on their hostile attitudes toward women in order to legitimize these kinds of marriages.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0750-2
  • Adolescents’ Involvement in Cyber Bullying and Perceptions of School:
           The Importance of Perceived Peer Acceptance for Female Adolescents
    • Authors: Lucy R. Betts; Karin A. Spenser; Sarah E. Gardner
      Abstract: Young people are spending increasing amounts of time using digital technology and, as such, are at great risk of being involved in cyber bullying as a victim, bully, or bully/victim. Despite cyber bullying typically occurring outside the school environment, the impact of being involved in cyber bullying is likely to spill over to school. Fully 285 11- to 15-year-olds (125 male and 160 female, M age = 12.19 years, SD = 1.03) completed measures of cyber bullying involvement, self-esteem, trust, perceived peer acceptance, and perceptions of the value of learning and the importance of school. For young women, involvement in cyber bullying as a victim, bully, or bully/victim negatively predicted perceptions of learning and school, and perceived peer acceptance mediated this relationship. The results indicated that involvement in cyber bullying negatively predicted perceived peer acceptance which, in turn, positively predicted perceptions of learning and school. For young men, fulfilling the bully/victim role negatively predicted perceptions of learning and school. Consequently, for young women in particular, involvement in cyber bullying spills over to impact perceptions of learning. The findings of the current study highlight how stressors external to the school environment can adversely impact young women’s perceptions of school and also have implications for the development of interventions designed to ameliorate the effects of cyber bullying.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0742-2
  • Personality across Sexual Identity and Gender in a National Probability
           Sample in New Zealand
    • Authors: Lara M. Greaves; Fiona Kate Barlow; Yanshu Huang; Samantha Stronge; Chris G. Sibley
      Abstract: Preliminary evidence in online and convenience samples has shown small but significant personality differences across sexual identity and gender over a number of personality traits. The idea that gender intersects with sexual identity to affect personality has been formalized into two hypotheses: the gender inversion hypothesis (that lesbians and heterosexual men, as well as gay men and heterosexual women, have indistinguishable mean scores on personality traits) and the gender shift hypothesis (that gay men’s and lesbians’ personality scores fall somewhere between those of heterosexual women and men). We investigate personality differences in self-identified sexual identity across and within gender in a large, national probability sample in New Zealand (N = 14,230). There was support for the gender inversion hypothesis on some traits; lesbians (relative to heterosexual women) had similar conscientiousness scores to those of heterosexual men, and gay men (relative to heterosexual men) scored similar to heterosexual women in agreeableness and emotional stability. Our work highlights the importance of taking an intersectional approach to simultaneously consider gender and sexual identity when it comes to understanding personality.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0752-0
  • Countries with Greater Gender Equality Have More Positive Attitudes and
           Laws Concerning Lesbians and Gay Men
    • Authors: P. J. Henry; Geoffrey Wetherell
      Abstract: Social scientists have long discussed and empirically demonstrated how attitudes toward lesbians and gay men are determined in part by sexism and endorsement of gender roles, but only at the psychological level of analysis. We present data that considers these relationships at the cross-national level of analysis, using country-level measures of gender equality (the Gender Global Gap Index), aggregate measures of attitudes toward lesbians and gay men in a country, and a newly constructed measure of the progressiveness of sexual orientation laws. We show for the first time to our knowledge that countries that have the greatest gender equality also have (a) the most positive aggregate attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and (b) the strongest legislative protections for lesbians and gay men. These results hold even when controlling for plausible third variables such as a country’s level of religiosity and its economic and political development, each with their own separate effects. We discuss the results within the context of the various forces that contribute to, and work against, ensuring more accepting attitudes of, and equal rights for, lesbians and gay men. In conclusion, to fully understand support for lesbians and gay men and the laws that protect them, one should also consider how women are treated in a country.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0744-0
  • Treating Objects like Women: The Impact of Terror Management and
           Objectification on the Perception of Women’s Faces
    • Authors: Christina Roylance; Clay Routledge; Benjamin Balas
      Abstract: There is a modern trend whereby women’s beauty and attractiveness tends towards the artificial, which appears to be an extreme manifestation of objectification culture. Research suggests that sexual objectification has the ability to alter the way we perceive women. Objectification occurs, in part, because women’s bodies pose a unique existential threat, and objectifying women is believed to mitigate concerns about mortality because it transforms women into something inanimate and thus less mortal. We therefore hypothesized that priming death concerns should impact object-person recognition of women. In the present study we recruited 177 undergraduate students from a U.S. Midwestern university to participate in exchange for course credit. We utilized face-morphing techniques to create a series of images representing a continuum of artificial-to-real faces, and after being exposed to a death reminder (as opposed to a pain reminder comparison condition), we asked participants to rate the extent to which the image appeared artificial. Results suggested that death awareness biases people towards reporting artificial female (but not male) faces as real. Existential concerns about death have an impact on perceptual assessments of women, specifically women who have been turned into literal objects. Future research directions, limitations of the current study, and implications for improving women’s health and well-being with this added knowledge about objectification are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0747-x
  • New Academic Scientists Want Work-Family Balance: Are Universities Keeping
    • Authors: Amy M. Brausch
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0753-z
  • Face-ism from an International Perspective: Gendered Self-Presentation in
           Online Dating Sites Across Seven Countries
    • Authors: Michael Prieler; Florian Kohlbacher
      Abstract: The present study analyzed whether the face-ism phenomenon, which argues that the media visually depict men with more facial prominence compared to women (whereas women are shown with greater body prominence), exists for self-selected photographs worldwide. Based on a content analysis of a sample of 6286 profile photos drawn from online dating sites in seven countries (Austria, Denmark, Hungary, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States) in 2013, we did not find any overall gender differences in facial prominence. However, further analysis showed gender differences in facial prominence for certain age groups: whereas there were no gender differences in the 25–41 year-old age group, young women between 18 and 24 had a higher facial prominence than men, and men older than 41 had higher facial prominence than women. These changes by age are driven by a pattern wherein facial prominence generally remains stable for men, but declines for women with age. In short, older users follow more traditional gender depictions in accordance with the face-ism phenomenon, whereas among younger people, women sport an even higher facial prominence than men do. In contrast to this significant interaction between gender and age in facial prominence, we found no significant interaction between culture (as measured by Hofstede’s masculinity dimension) and gender, which indicates that culture plays no discernible role in gender differences in facial prominence, possibly because macro-level sexism (Hofstede’s masculinity dimension) and micro-level sexism (photographs of individuals online) are not the same.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0745-z
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