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SEXUALITY (52 journals)

Showing 1 - 52 of 52 Journals sorted alphabetically
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bagoas - Estudos gays: gêneros e sexualidades     Open Access  
Cadernos de Gênero e Diversidade     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access  
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Gay and Lesbian Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
GLQ : A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Transgenderism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Bisexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of GLBT Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Homosexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Lesbian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Sex Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sexual & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Raheema     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religion and Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista Periódicus     Open Access  
Screen Bodies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Experience, Perception, and Display     Full-text available via subscription  
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Sex Roles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual and Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexualities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sexuality & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Sexuality and Disability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SQS - Suomen Queer-tutkimuksen Seuran lehti     Open Access  
Theology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
TSQ : Transgender Studies Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung     Hybrid Journal  
Journal Cover Sex Roles
  [SJR: 1.182]   [H-I: 75]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2762 - ISSN (Online) 0360-0025
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • Remembering Janet Taylor Spence (1923–2015)
    • Authors: Kay Deaux
      Pages: 713 - 717
      Abstract: Janet Taylor Spence was a history-making figure in professional psychology and in the study of gender. In the period between her birth in 1923 and her death in 2015, vast changes took place in both domains, and Janet Spence was at the center of both. This issue of Sex Roles is dedicated to her life and work, providing a perspective and an accounting of the contributions that she made to our field. The set of papers included here chronicle Janet’s career path, evaluate the impact of her work in the areas of anxiety and of gender, recount memories from her colleagues and students, and in a closing article, analyze her place in the larger historical domain of women in psychology.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0834-z
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • From Janet T. Spence’s Manifest Anxiety Scale to the Present Day:
           Exploring Math Anxiety and its Relation to Math Achievement
    • Authors: Julianne B. Herts; Sian L. Beilock
      Pages: 718 - 724
      Abstract: Janet Taylor Spence conducted a great deal of foundational work establishing the negative relation between anxiety and performance. Spence operationalized trait anxiety by creating the Manifest Anxiety Scale, and she conducted numerous studies linking scores on this scale to performance across a variety of cognitive tasks. The field of math anxiety research has built from her work to examine the ways in which negative emotions regarding math can hinder math performance. We discuss the antecedents and development of math anxiety, as well as the ways in which other individual differences, such as working memory, affect the relation between anxiety and performance. Although a rich literature has sprung from Spence’s early work, there is much left to do in terms of fully understanding how specific types of anxiety interact with each other, as well as with other individual differences, to determine performance outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0845-9
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Janet Taylor Spence: Innovator in the Study of Gender
    • Authors: Alice H. Eagly; Wendy Wood
      Pages: 725 - 733
      Abstract: Janet Spence’s contributions moved gender researchers beyond a simple understanding of psychological gender in terms of individual differences in masculinity and femininity. In early work, she constructed the Personal Attributes Questionnaire, or PAQ, consisting of a masculine and a feminine scale, which she interpreted as assessing the core of psychological masculinity and femininity. Spence subsequently recognized that the masculine, or instrumental, scale reliably predicts only self-assertive, dominant behaviors and that the feminine, or expressive, scale reliably predicts only other-oriented, relational behaviors. Moreover, as her work developed, Spence came to understand this self-ascribed instrumentality and expressiveness, not as gender identity, but as two of the several types of psychological attributes that may become associated with individuals’ self-categorization as male or female. She then defined gender identity as the basic, existential sense of being male or female, which generally corresponds to one’s biological sex. Building on her ideas, we argue that gender identity instead encompasses both the sex categorization of oneself, usually as male or female, and self-assessments on gender-stereotypic instrumental and expressive attributes. These two levels of gender identity are linked by people’s self-stereotyping to the extent that they value their group membership as male or female.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0835-y
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Blazing and Illuminating a Trail: The Career and Scholarship of Janet
           Taylor Spence
    • Authors: Rebecca S. Bigler
      Pages: 734 - 742
      Abstract: Janet Taylor Spence was a gender pioneer in her career as an academic psychologist and an important contributor to the psychological study of gender roles. That is, she both blazed a path for women in academia and contributed to our scientific understanding of the factors that produce and shape such paths. In this piece, I address both these aspects of her life and work. I begin by briefly highlighting Spence’s groundbreaking posts in academia and her influence on my own academic career. With respect to her research, I identify five aspects of Spence’s work that were innovative and made important, lasting contributions to theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding gender in the United States. I first describe Spence’s commitment to challenging the ideological beliefs about gender held by laypeople and scientists alike by engaging in empirical tests of commonly held beliefs. I next review Spence’s argument that within-individual variability of gender-typing of the self is normative rather than unusual. Third, I describe Spence’s beliefs about the relation between gender-typing of the self and gender-typing of others, and fourth, I describe Spence’s work concerning the mechanisms that support self-perceived femininity and masculinity. In the fifth and final section, I highlight Spence’s treatment of environmental contributions to gender role development.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0837-9
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Paving the Way: The Distinctive Mentoring Style of Janet Taylor Spence
    • Authors: Lucia Albino Gilbert; Camille E. Buckner
      Pages: 743 - 750
      Abstract: Janet Taylor Spence (1923–2015), a major figure in American psychology, made seminal scientific contributions to the fields of anxiety and gender psychology. In this essay, the authors, both former Spence students, weave a tapestry of her teaching and mentoring by using as the threads Spence’s reflections on her professional life, the authors’ personal experiences with Spence, and findings from the relevant career literature. Three areas of teaching and mentoring are used to illustrate Spence’s distinctive yet highly effective style of mentoring: (a) modeling and insisting on careful thinking, (b) serving as an intentional role model, and (c) assisting in negotiating the hazards of academia. A conceptual explanation is provided for each area, together with specific examples illustrating how Spence employed these strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0839-7
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Janet Taylor Spence: A Model Role Model
    • Authors: Donald J. Foss
      Pages: 751 - 756
      Abstract: The article summarizes and reflects on the contributions of Janet Taylor Spence in the areas of editing, service to her institutions, and service to her profession. It is based on both the objective record and on the personal experience and observations of the author, a long-time colleague. It reviews the many editorial positions Janet Taylor Spence held, including being editor of the Annual Review of Psychology and Contemporary Psychology, and the award she received from the National Academy of Sciences. It also sketches many of the leadership positions she held, including being president of the American Psychological Association and the first elected president of the Association for Psychological Science. It emphasizes both her outstanding professional and personal qualities.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0840-1
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Contextualizing a Life in Science: Janet Taylor Spence and the History of
           Women and Gender in American Psychology
    • Authors: Alexandra Rutherford
      Pages: 757 - 764
      Abstract: The present paper reflects on the life and career of Janet Spence (1923–2015) by situating her experiences within the history of women and gender in American psychology. This history has revealed the structural factors that have affected women’s participation in psychology, the shared themes in women’s interpersonal and professional experiences, and the specific strategies that women have used to navigate an androcentric, and at times overtly sexist, discipline. In spanning the second half of the twentieth century, Spence’s career provides an interesting case study of how these decades of institutional and political change affected a specific woman scientist and her science. I argue that her biography can offer rich insights into the complexly intertwined, and even reflexive, relationships among psychologists, their psychologies, and their contexts.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0836-x
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Unequal Care, Unequal Work: Toward a more Comprehensive Understanding of
           Gender Inequality in Post-Reform Urban China
    • Authors: Yingchun Ji; Xiaogang Wu; Shengwei Sun; Guangye He
      Pages: 765 - 778
      Abstract: Over the last four decades, as China has transitioned from a socialist centralized economy to a productivity-and-efficiency-oriented market economy, so too have the country’s public and private spheres become increasingly differentiated. Although others attribute changing gender inequality to the market transition, we draw from Chinese feminist critical analyses and propose a theoretical framework regarding how the two-sphere separation in contemporary China, embedded in how gender equality was organized in the socialist time, has been driven by the state and is further justified by changing gender ideologies. We review the existing literature and identify gaps in research on how women’s disadvantages in the public and private spheres—in the labor market and within the family—mutually reinforce each other in post-reform urban China. We also discuss how the dynamics of, and interactions between, the two spheres are justified by a changing gender ideology. Finally, by exploring gender inequality in the process of the two-sphere separation in a transitional context, we make an important contribution to the general sociological and gender literature.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0751-1
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • The Problematization of Sexuality among Women Living with HIV and a New
           Feminist Approach for Understanding and Enhancing Women’s Sexual Lives
    • Authors: Allison Carter; Saara Greene; Deborah Money; Margarite Sanchez; Kath Webster; Valerie Nicholson; Jessica Whitbread; Kate Salters; Sophie Patterson; Mona Loutfy; Neora Pick; Lori A. Brotto; Catherine Hankins; Angela Kaida
      Pages: 779 - 800
      Abstract: In the context of HIV, women’s sexual rights and sexual autonomy are important but frequently overlooked and violated. Guided by community voices, feminist theories, and qualitative empirical research, we reviewed two decades of global quantitative research on sexuality among women living with HIV. In the 32 studies we found, conducted in 25 countries and composed mostly of cis-gender heterosexual women, sexuality was narrowly constructed as sexual behaviours involving risk (namely, penetration) and physiological dysfunctions relating to HIV illness, with far less attention given to the fullness of sexual lives in context, including more positive and rewarding experiences such as satisfaction and pleasure. Findings suggest that women experience declines in sexual activity, function, satisfaction, and pleasure following HIV diagnosis, at least for some period. The extent of such declines, however, is varied, with numerous contextual forces shaping women’s sexual well-being. Clinical markers of HIV (e.g., viral load, CD4 cell count) poorly predicted sexual outcomes, interrupting widely held assumptions about sexuality for women with HIV. Instead, the effects of HIV-related stigma intersecting with inequities related to trauma, violence, intimate relations, substance use, poverty, aging, and other social and cultural conditions primarily influenced the ways in which women experienced and enacted their sexuality. However, studies framed through a medical lens tended to pathologize outcomes as individual “problems,” whereas others driven by a public health agenda remained primarily preoccupied with protecting the public from HIV. In light of these findings, we present a new feminist approach for research, policy, and practice toward understanding and enhancing women’s sexual lives—one that affirms sexual diversity; engages deeply with society, politics, and history; and is grounded in women’s sexual rights.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0826-z
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • What We Know and Where We Go from here: A Review of Lesbian, Gay, and
           Bisexual Youth Hookup Literature
    • Authors: Ryan J. Watson; Shannon Snapp; Skyler Wang
      Pages: 801 - 811
      Abstract: In this paper, we acknowledge and critique the absence of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) experiences in the recent proliferation of scholarship on “hooking up” among youth (aged 16 to 24). Although previous research has documented that LGB youth hookup at high rates (up to three-quarters of LGB youth), and oftentimes more than heterosexuals, the most basic aspects of hookups (e.g., motivations, experiences, and outcomes) have not been comprehensively explored. This is pertinent because young adulthood, in particular, is a time when young people explore their sexuality. Most scholarship on hooking up has focused on White heterosexual college students, mostly due to sampling constraints and impediments, and so we are left with a critical gap in our knowledge about LGB youth—a population that is typically at higher risk for sexual, mental, and emotional health issues. We begin by reviewing the literature on hooking up among heterosexual young adults as organized by four themes: hookup definitions/frequencies, contexts, motivations, and outcomes. We do this to explicitly highlight and contrast what little is known about LGB youth hookups. We then provide a research agenda that projects how future researchers can advance this area of scholarship and begin to fill its gaps, while considering the hookup experiences of diverse LGB youth.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0831-2
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Names and “Doing Gender”: How Forenames and Surnames Contribute to
           Gender Identities, Difference, and Inequalities
    • Authors: Jane Pilcher
      Pages: 812 - 822
      Abstract: Names, as proper nouns, are clearly important for the identification of individuals in everyday life. In the present article, I argue that forenames and surnames need also to be recognized as “doing” words, important in the categorization of sex at birth and in the ongoing management of gender conduct appropriate to sex category. Using evidence on personal naming practices in the United States and United Kingdom, I examine what happens at crisis points of sexed and gendered naming in the life course (for example, at the birth of babies, at marriage, and during gender-identity transitions). I show how forenames and surnames help in the embodied doing of gender and, likewise, that bodies are key to gendered practices of forenaming and surnaming: we have “gendered embodied named identities.” Whether normative and compliant, pragmatic, or creative and resistant, forenaming and surnaming practices are revealed as core to the production and reproduction of binary sex categories and to gendered identities, difference, hierarchies, and inequalities.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0805-4
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Overcoming Functional Fixedness in Naming Traditions: A Commentary on
           Pilcher’s Names and “Doing Gender”
    • Authors: Rachael D. Robnett
      Pages: 823 - 828
      Abstract: Because people’s names are central to everyday life, their role in the gender system is often overlooked. In the target article, Pilcher (2017) brings novel attention to the ways in which naming traditions allow individuals to enact gender in their lives. In this commentary, I expand on Pilcher’s argument that naming traditions merit more attention than they currently receive. Specifically, I begin by discussing links between forenaming and the gender binary. I then describe the ways in which the marital surname tradition reflects gendered power dynamics. In an effort to spur additional scholarly attention to naming traditions, I also delineate fruitful areas for future research. These future directions primarily focus on identifying why and how individuals “do gender differently” through their naming practices.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0838-8
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • A Collection of Works Addressing Rural Queer Studies
    • Authors: Brooke G. Collins
      Pages: 829 - 830
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0789-0
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Walking Away from the Mild Side: Black Women and Kink
    • Authors: Rosalyn Davis
      Pages: 831 - 832
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0787-2
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 11-12 (2017)
  • Circumstances Beyond Their Control: Black Women’s Perceptions of
           Black Manhood
    • Authors: Jasmine A. Abrams; Morgan L. Maxwell; Faye Z. Belgrave
      Abstract: Insufficient empirical attention has been paid to Black women’s perceptions of Black male gender roles and associated masculinity. Although constructions of Black masculinity have been speculated about in popular media and literature, no known published studies have specifically investigated Black women’s perceptions of Black men or offered a conceptualization of Black masculinity informed by their voices. Because women’s perceptions of and beliefs about men affect partnership decisions, quality of relationships, childrearing decisions, health behaviors, and other aspects of personal and psychosocial well-being, the purpose of the present exploratory qualitative study was to fill the noted gap in the literature while highlighting context related to these beliefs. Participants in eight focus groups were 44 Black women, ranging in age from 18 to 91, from the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Transcribed focus group data were coded via a qualitative data analysis software program. Thematic analysis of data revealed three main themes: (a) Strong Armed and Strong Minded, (b) Challenges with Familial and Personal Connections, and (c) Circumstances Beyond Their Control: Impact of the Black Experience. Implications for research and practice related to Black marriage, family, and parenting relationships are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0870-8
  • Fathers’ Realizations of Parental Leave Plans: Leadership Responsibility
           as Help or Hindrance'
    • Authors: Lisa K. Horvath; Thorana Grether; Bettina S. Wiese
      Abstract: The present study investigates how fathers realized their parental leave plans with particular consideration of fathers’ leadership responsibility as a potential hindrance. Applying the social cognitive model of career self-management, we expected that fathers with leadership responsibility and those who perceive that they could lose qualifications resulting from a career break would plan shorter leaves before childbirth. Furthermore, self-efficacy beliefs were assumed to be supportive and leadership responsibility to be hindering factors in the final realization of leave plans (after childbirth). A sample of 147 men from Germany, Austria and Switzerland (33% with leadership responsibility) participated in a longitudinal questionnaire study (first measurement before childbirth). Results confirmed that men who expected a loss of qualifications planned shorter leaves. Planned leave length was positively correlated with the actual leave taken. Although leadership responsibility did not predict leave plans in the first place, it had an impact on the realization of leave plans: Fathers without leadership responsibility were more likely to realize their leaves than were fathers with leadership responsibility. Remarkably, men with leadership responsibility shortened their leaves as often as extended it. Self-efficacy beliefs were neither predictive of leave plans nor of realizing them. Our research highlights the importance of organizational support for men in their parental leave planning and realization.
      PubDate: 2017-11-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0861-9
  • Does a Woman’s Marital Surname Choice Influence Perceptions of Her
           Husband' An Analysis Focusing on Gender-Typed Traits and Relationship
           Power Dynamics
    • Authors: Rachael D. Robnett; Marielle Wertheimer; Harriet R. Tenenbaum
      Abstract: Within Western cultures, most women in heterosexual relationships adopt their husbands’ surnames after marriage. In attempting to explain the enduring nature of this practice, researchers have noted that women tend to encounter stereotypes when they break with tradition by retaining their own surnames after marriage. A complementary possibility is that stereotypes are also directed toward men whose wives violate the surname tradition. The current research provides initial insight into this possibility through three studies that were conducted in the United States and United Kingdom with undergraduate and community samples (total N = 355; 254 women and 101 men). Study 1 revealed that participants predominantly referenced expressive traits when describing a man whose wife retained her surname. Study 2 built on these findings with an experimental design. Relative to a man whose wife adhered to the surname tradition, a man whose wife retained her surname was rated as less instrumental, more expressive, and as holding less power in the relationship. In Study 3, participants high in hostile sexism were particularly likely to rate a man as lower in power when his wife retained her surname. Collectively, findings provide insight into attitudes that may help to explain the longevity of the marital surname tradition. Findings also join with prior research in revealing links between commonplace marriage traditions and gendered power dynamics.
      PubDate: 2017-11-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0856-6
  • “Some Women Are Born Fighters”: Discursive Constructions of a
           Fighter’s Identity by Female Finnish Judo Athletes
    • Authors: Anna Kavoura; Marja Kokkonen; Stiliani “Ani” Chroni; Tatiana V. Ryba
      Abstract: Martial arts and combat sports have been traditionally associated with masculinity, and a range of contradictory meanings have been attached to women’s engagement and experiences. The present study draws on cultural praxis and feminist poststructuralist frameworks to explore how female martial artists are subjectified to dominant cultural discourses surrounding fighting and competition. Interviews with nine female judoka (judo athletes) were gathered in Finland and analyzed using Foucauldian Discourse Analysis (FDA). The FDA revealed that in female judoka talk, judo was constructed as a sport for all, but also as a male domain and a manly sport with fighting and competition as innate masculine qualities that are not learned. Two sets of wider, competing discourses provided the dominant structure for participants’ constructions of judo: (a) a mass sport discourse versus an elite sport discourse and (b) a gender equality discourse versus a female biological inferiority discourse. Drawing on this discursive context and in seeking to make sense of their experiences, participants constructed a “naturally born fighter” identity. Although this might be an empowering identity for female judoka, it does not advance the agenda of gender equity in martial arts because it constructs “ordinary” women as biologically incapable of competitive judo. Our findings reveal that even in the relatively egalitarian culture of Finland, gender hierarchies persist in judo and that it is only by disrupting prevalent constructions of fighting and competitiveness as masculine that progress toward gender equity can be made.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0869-1
  • The Motivated Cognitive Basis of Transphobia: The Roles of Right-Wing
           Ideologies and Gender Role Beliefs
    • Authors: Arti P. Makwana; Kristof Dhont; Jonas De keersmaecker; Parisa Akhlaghi-Ghaffarokh; Marine Masure; Arne Roets
      Abstract: Transgender individuals challenge the traditional assumption that an individual’s gender identity is permanently determined by their assigned sex at birth. Perceiving ambiguity surrounding indeterminate gender identities associated with transgender individuals may be especially disturbing for those who generally dislike ambiguity and have preference for order and predictability, that is, for people scoring higher on Need for Closure (NFC). We tested the associations between NFC and transphobia in two studies using community samples from the United Kingdom (n = 231) and Belgium (n = 175), and we examined whether right-wing ideological attitudes and traditional gender role beliefs mediated these relationships. Confirming our expectations, we found that NFC was significantly associated with transphobia through both stronger adherence to social conventions and obedience to authorities (i.e., right-wing authoritarianism) and stronger endorsements of traditional gender roles in the UK and Belgium, as well as through stronger preferences for hierarchy and social inequality (i.e., social dominance orientation) in the UK. Our results suggest that transgender individuals are more likely to be targets of prejudice by those higher in NFC at least partly due to the strong preference for preserving societal traditions and the resistance to a perceived disruption of traditional gender norms. Hence, attempts to reduce transphobia might be especially challenging among those high in NFC. Nevertheless, prejudice-reducing interventions could incorporate techniques that satisfy epistemic needs for predictability, certainty, and simple structure which may have higher chances of success among high NFC individuals.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0860-x
  • Acknowledgements
    • PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0863-7
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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