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SEXUALITY (50 journals)

Showing 1 - 50 of 50 Journals sorted alphabetically
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access  
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Gay and Lesbian Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
GLQ : A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Transgenderism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bisexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of GLBT Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Homosexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lesbian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sex Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sexual & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Raheema     Open Access  
Religion and Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Periódicus     Open Access  
Screen Bodies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Experience, Perception, and Display     Full-text available via subscription  
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Sex Roles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual and Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexualities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Sexuality & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sexuality and Disability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access  
SQS - Suomen Queer-tutkimuksen Seuran lehti     Open Access  
Theology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
TSQ : Transgender Studies Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung     Hybrid Journal  
Journal Cover Sex Roles
  [SJR: 1.182]   [H-I: 75]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2762 - ISSN (Online) 0360-0025
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Promoting Theory-Based Perspectives in Sexual Double Standard Research
    • Authors: Yuliana Zaikman; Michael J. Marks
      Pages: 407 - 420
      Abstract: Abstract The sexual double standard (SDS) has been a focus of research for several decades. Numerous anecdotal accounts of the double standard exist, detailing its consequences and impact on women’s, as well as men’s, sexual behavior and identities. Empirical research, however, has yet to completely corroborate the degree to which the double standard pervades everyday life. The disparity between anecdotal accounts and empirical evidence related to the SDS may be the result of the partially atheoretical approach with which the SDS has traditionally been examined. The goal of the present paper is to encourage researchers to take a more theory-oriented approach to understanding the double standard. Our goal is not to provide another comprehensive literature review or an argument for the “best” theory, but rather to promote theory-based perspectives in future SDS research. In the current paper, three theoretical perspectives—evolutionary theory, social role theory, and cognitive social learning theory—and their relevance to the SDS are discussed. We discuss four hypotheses, one related to the core tenet of the SDS itself, and three related to moderating factors, including characteristics of evaluators (i.e., gender, gender roles beliefs, and sexual history), characteristics of targets (i.e., relationship type engaged in, sexual activities participated in, and power status), and social factors (i.e., cultural background, historical era, and socialization agents). Existing research is also interpreted in light of one or more of the theoretical perspectives in the hopes of guiding future research.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0677-z
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • What is a True Gamer? The Male Gamer Stereotype and the Marginalization of
           Women in Video Game Culture
    • Authors: Benjamin Paaßen; Thekla Morgenroth; Michelle Stratemeyer
      Pages: 421 - 435
      Abstract: Abstract Women and men play video games in approximately equal numbers. Despite this similarity, video gaming is still strongly associated with men. A common justification for this stereotype is that, although women might play games, they should not be considered “true” or “hard-core” gamers because they play more casually and less skillfully compared to their male counterparts. In this contribution, we review the existing literature on gender and gaming to investigate the male gamer stereotype in terms of its accuracy, persistence, effects, and future perspective. We conclude that the stereotype varies in accuracy depending on the definition of “gamer.” We further argue that the persistence of this stereotype can be explained by the fact that almost all professional and highly visible figures in gaming culture are male. On the other hand, female players who achieve a moderate level of competence are rendered invisible or are actively marginalized. We argue that the effects of the male gamer stereotype can be harmful to women, precluding them from the positive outcomes of video game play such as enhanced access to fields of science, technology, and engineering.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0678-y
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Does Gender Matter? Testing the Influence of Presumed Media Influence on
           Young People’s Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery
    • Authors: Nainan Wen; Stella C. Chia; Hao Xiaoming
      Pages: 436 - 447
      Abstract: Abstract The present study examined gender differences in young people’s attitudes toward cosmetic surgery as well as the joint effects of media and peers on their attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. A survey of 555 university students in Singapore showed that young people of both sexes generally held positive attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. We observed no significant gender disparities in their acceptance of cosmetic surgery or intention to undergo cosmetic surgery. We tested the influence of the presumed media influence model, and our findings supported direct and indirect models of media influence on young people’s attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. The indirect model was mediated by perceived influence of cosmetic surgery-related media on peers. We also found that men were more susceptible to the influence of presumed media influence than women were. Practice implications of our study for educators include open discussions regarding cosmetic surgery and the influence of media and peers among young people, as well as differentiating intervention programs for emerging adult women and men.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0680-4
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Materialism Predicts Young Chinese Women’s Self-Objectification and
           Body Surveillance
    • Authors: Fei Teng; Jin You; Kai-Tak Poon; Ye Yang; Jianing You; Yongqiang Jiang
      Pages: 448 - 459
      Abstract: Abstract Previous research on antecedents of women’s self-objectification mainly focuses on situational factors whereas our study examined whether women’s values on materialism would predict their self-objectification and body surveillance in a sample of 218 undergraduate women in south China. Specifically, we proposed that materialism would increase women’s tendency to regard sexual attractiveness as capital for them to gain positive life outcomes (i.e., capitalization of sexual attractiveness, CSA), and the tendency to have appearance-contingent self-worth (i.e., appearance CSW), which would in turn predict their self-objectification and body surveillance. Results provided support for the proposed theoretical model. Specifically, CSA and appearance CSW mediated the relationship between materialism and women’s self-objectification, whereas appearance CSW mediated the relationship between materialism and women’s body surveillance. These results expand the scope of investigation by incorporating Chinese samples and suggest that in addition to socio-cultural and interpersonal predictors, women’s values can contribute to the development of an objectifying perspective on themselves. Therefore, interventions on women’s values combined with attempts to change sexually-objectifying environments are both critical in reducing self-objectification and body surveillance in women.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0671-5
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • The Effect of Occupational Gender Stereotypes on Men’s Interest in
           Female-Dominated Occupations
    • Authors: J. Andrew Forsman; Joan M. Barth
      Pages: 460 - 472
      Abstract: Abstract A great deal of research has sought to explain women’s lower interest in male-dominated occupations, but relatively little attention has been given to explaining men’s disinterest in female-dominated occupations. Examining factors that affect men’s interest in female-dominated occupations has both theoretical and practical implications. Two factors hypothesized to alter the gender-stereotype salience of an occupation were examined: occupation titles and gender-stereotyped occupation descriptions. We hypothesized that men who reported higher levels of stereotypical feminine attributes would be more interested in feminine-stereotyped occupations. College-aged participants (N = 1001, 791 male) enrolled in an engineering, computer science, or physics course recorded their interest in occupations with or without a feminine title and described with either feminine or masculine stereotyped skills and attributes. Participants also reported the degree to which they held stereotypical feminine attributes. Results indicated that men showed greater interest in no-title occupations, especially when masculine characteristics were used in the description. For men, self-reported levels of feminine attributes were associated with interest in occupations with feminine descriptions, primarily in the no-title condition. Women expressed more interested than did men in the occupations, but unlike men, women were equally interested in occupations with feminine and masculine descriptions. Findings are consistent with the theories of precluded interest (Cheryan 2010) and circumscription and compromise (Gottfredson 1981). It is concluded that a key for attracting men to female-dominated vocations may be to provide opportunities for men to consider an occupation in ways that prevent or disrupt comparison to traditional stereotypic archetypes.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0673-3
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Contact with Counter-Stereotypical Women Predicts Less Sexism, Less Rape
           Myth Acceptance, Less Intention to Rape (in Men) and Less Projected
           Enjoyment of Rape (in Women)
    • Authors: Miriam Taschler; Keon West
      Pages: 473 - 484
      Abstract: Abstract Intergroup contact—(positive) interactions with people from different social groups—is a widely researched and strongly supported prejudice-reducing mechanism shown to reduce prejudice against a wide variety of outgroups. However, no known previous research has investigated whether intergroup contact can also reduce sexism against women. Sexism has an array of negative outcomes. One of the most detrimental and violent ones is rape, which is both justified and downplayed by rape myth acceptance. We hypothesised that more frequent, higher quality contact with counter-stereotypical women would predict lower levels of sexism and thus less rape myth acceptance (in men) and less sexualised projected responses to rape (in women). Two studies using online surveys with community samples supported these hypotheses. In Study 1, 170 male participants who experienced more positive contact with counter-stereotypical women reported less intention to rape. Similarly, in Study 2, 280 female participants who experienced more positive contact with counter-stereotypical women reported less projected sexual arousal at the thought of being raped. Thus, the present research is the first known to show that contact could be a potential tool to combat sexism, rape myth acceptance, intentions to rape in men, and sexualisation of rape by women.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0679-x
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Retrospective Accounts of Sexual Peer Victimization in Adolescence: Do
           Social Status and Gender-Conformity Play a Role?
    • Authors: Carie M. Buchanan; Patti McDougall
      Pages: 485 - 497
      Abstract: Abstract In popular media, the degree to which adolescents possess social power and conform to gender norms appears to dictate experiences and perpetrations of peer victimization that are sexual in nature. Therefore, the hypothesis that high-status gender conforming adolescents sexually victimize low-status gender nonconforming peers was examined using retrospective accounts of social status, gender-conformity, and sexual and nonsexual forms of peer victimization in high school as reported by 209 participants, ages 18–23 years old. Although these hypotheses were not fully supported, popularity and gender-conformity were found to be associated with different forms of peer victimization as they occur in adolescence. Self-reported popularity was implicated more commonly in experiencing nonsexual forms of peer victimization and perpetrating sexual peer victimization. However, gender-conformity was found to be a stronger predictor in explaining experiences of social and sexual peer victimization and perpetrating verbal and social peer victimization. The findings suggest that there is a level of complexity to sexual and nonsexual peer victimization that requires more refined examination of gender-conformity and social hierarchy alongside the identification of additional mechanisms. To effectively prevent different forms of peer victimization (sexual and nonsexual) during adolescence, it is important to continue examining the role of developmental mechanisms specific to adolescence.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0672-4
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Preschool Teachers’ Facilitation of Gender-Typed and Gender- Neutral
           Activities during Free Play
    • Authors: Kristen L. Granger; Laura D. Hanish; Olga Kornienko; Robert H. Bradley
      Pages: 498 - 510
      Abstract: Abstract Understanding how preschool teachers facilitate children’s engagement in gender-typed and gender-neutral activities is important given that engagement in gender-typed activities is differentially linked to the development of skills connected to later academic achievement. Thus, facilitation of children’s engagement in gender-typed activities may contribute to emergence of gender differences in later educational outcomes. The current study used a teacher-focal observational coding system to investigate research questions about the frequency with which teachers facilitated feminine, masculine, and gender-neutral activities with same- and mixed-gender groups during free-play. Participants were 37 female teachers of Head Start classrooms in the U.S. Southwest (M years teaching preschool = 10.57, SD = 6.85, range = 2–27; 75.6 % completed at least a bachelor’s degree). Results revealed that feminine activities were facilitated less often than were masculine and gender- neutral activities during free play. Results also revealed variability in teachers’ facilitation of feminine, masculine, and gender-neutral activities, depending on the gender composition of the students with whom teachers were interacting (i.e., boys-only, girls-only, and mixed-gender). Implications for educational, developmental, and gender research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0675-1
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Predicting Attitudes toward the Masculine Structure of the Military with
           Turkish Identification and Ambivalent Sexism
    • Authors: Nuray Sakallı Uğurlu; Fatih Özdemir
      Pages: 511 - 519
      Abstract: Abstract Why do people support the masculine structure of the Turkish military? Why do women hold inferior positions in the military? How are sexism and Turkish identification relevant to attitudes toward the masculine structure of the military? Focusing on these questions, the current study explored the associations among Turkish identification, ambivalent sexism (including hostile and benevolent sexism), and attitudes toward the masculine structure of the military in Turkey after controlling for gender, political views, and military affiliation. University students (316 women; 262 men; M age = 22.02, SD = 2.20) completed the Attitude toward The Masculine Structure of the Military, Turkish Identification, Ambivalent Sexism scales and provided information about age, gender, political view, and military affiliation. The results showed that Turkish identification, hostile sexism, and benevolent sexism predicted attitudes toward the masculine structure of the military after controlling for gender, political view, and military affiliation. Participants who scored higher on Turkish identification and hostile and benevolent sexism supported the masculine structure of the military. The findings may be useful for researchers who aim to better understand why Turkish military personnel is primarily male, how some improvement can be provided for the process of recruitment and retention of military personnel, and how to improve the positions of women in the military or women who would like to join military.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0676-0
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • F eminist P erspectives on the F eminine and R eligion
    • Authors: Rosara Torrisi
      Pages: 520 - 521
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0721-z
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Intersectionality Needs Jewish Feminism
    • Authors: Kayla Miriyam Weiner
      Pages: 522 - 523
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0719-6
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Restoring Threatened Masculinity: The Appeal of Sexist and Anti-Gay Humor
    • Authors: Emma C. O’Connor; Thomas E. Ford; Noely C. Banos
      Abstract: Abstract We propose that men scoring higher in precarious manhood beliefs (PMB) express amusement with sexist and anti-gay humor (but not other forms of humor) in response to masculinity threat in order to reaffirm their masculinity. Accordingly, Experiment 1 (166 heterosexual men in the United States recruited through’s Mechanical Turk) supported the hypothesis that men higher in PMB express greater amusement with sexist and anti-gay jokes after experiencing a threat to their masculinity but not in the absence of masculinity threat. Also, the significant positive relationship between PMB and amusement following a masculinity threat was unique to the sexist and anti-gay jokes; it did not emerge for anti-Muslim and neutral jokes. Experiment 2 (221 heterosexual men in the United States recruited through’s Mechanical Turk) extended the findings of Experiment 1, supporting the hypothesis that, following a masculinity threat, men higher in PMB express amusement with sexist and anti-gay humor because they believe it reaffirms their masculinity. Thus, our findings suggest that sexist and anti-gay humor serve a self-affirming function for men who possess higher PMB in situations that threaten one’s masculinity. By uncovering a novel psychological function of sexist and anti-gay humor in social settings, we hope the present research will lead to better understandings of the kinds of situations that foster its occurrence and ultimately to strategies for preventing it.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0761-z
  • Revising the Body Esteem Scale with a U.S. College Student Sample:
           Evaluation, Validation, and Uses for the BES-R
    • Authors: Katherine A. Frost; Stephen L. Franzoi; Debra L. Oswald; Stephanie A. Shields
      Abstract: Abstract The Body Esteem Scale (BES; Franzoi and Shields 1984) has been a primary research tool for over 30 years, yet its factor structure has not been fully assessed since its creation, so a two-study design examined whether the BES needed revision. In Study 1, a series of principal components analyses (PCAs) was conducted using the BES responses of 798 undergraduate students, with results indicating that changes were necessary to improve the scale’s accuracy. In Study 2, 1237 undergraduate students evaluated each BES item, along with a select set of new body items, while also rating each item’s importance to their own body esteem. Body items meeting minimum importance criteria were then utilized in a series of PCAs to develop a revised scale that has strong internal consistency and good convergent and discriminant validity. As with the original BES, the revised BES (BES-R) conceives of body esteem as both gender-specific and multidimensional. Given that the accurate assessment of body esteem is essential in better understanding the link between this construct and mental health, the BES-R can now be used in research to illuminate this link, as well as in prevention and treatment programs for body-image issues. Further implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0776-5
  • Teaching Acceptance of Gender Creativity and Transgression
    • Authors: Kimberly Fairchild
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0769-4
  • Do Gender Differences in Perceived Prototypical Computer Scientists and
           Engineers Contribute to Gender Gaps in Computer Science and Engineering?
    • Authors: Joyce Ehrlinger; E. Ashby Plant; Marissa K. Hartwig; Jordan J. Vossen; Corey J. Columb; Lauren E. Brewer
      Abstract: Abstract Women are vastly underrepresented in the fields of computer science and engineering (CS&E). We examined whether women might view the intellectual characteristics of prototypical individuals in CS&E in more stereotype-consistent ways than men might and, consequently, show less interest in CS&E. We asked 269 U.S. college students (187, 69.5% women) to describe the prototypical computer scientist (Study 1) or engineer (Study 2) through open-ended descriptions as well as through a set of trait ratings. Participants also rated themselves on the same set of traits and rated their similarity to the prototype. Finally, participants in both studies were asked to describe their likelihood of pursuing future college courses and careers in computer science (Study 1) or engineering (Study 2). Across both studies, we found that women offered more stereotype-consistent ratings than did men of the intellectual characteristics of prototypes in CS (Study 1) and engineering (Study 2). Women also perceived themselves as less similar to the prototype than men did. Further, the observed gender differences in prototype perceptions mediated the tendency for women to report lower interest in CS&E fields relative to men. Our work highlights the importance of prototype perceptions for understanding the gender gap in CS&E and suggests avenues for interventions that may increase women’s representation in these vital fields.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0763-x
  • Still a Hetero-Gendered World: A Content Analysis of Gender Stereotypes
           and Romantic Ideals in Chinese Boy Love Stories
    • Authors: Yanyan Zhou; Bryant Paul; Ryland Sherman
      Abstract: Abstract Boy’s Love (BL) stories are a fictional fantasy textual story that describes a romantic relationship between men. Previous qualitative studies claimed that BL stories have depicted androgynous characters and egalitarian love relationships. The current study undertook a quantitative content analysis of 87 randomly sampled popular Chinese BL stories. Our coding system for coding both the masculinity and femininity of each main character in the selected BL stories was developed based on several previous studies. Gay male characters in BL stories were depicted as either similar to traditional masculine men (i.e., scoring high in masculinity and low in femininity) or similar to traditional feminine women (i.e., scoring high in femininity and low in masculinity). In the romantic relationships, BL stories typically paired a masculine character with a feminine character. In addition, heterosexual romantic ideals were prevalent in BL stories. Such an analysis challenges the previous analysis of BL stories. It suggests that heteronormative gender stereotypes exist in BL stories, even if these stories depict gay male characters and romantic relationships. These findings have important implications for understanding media effects in stereotypes toward gay men in contemporary Chinese society. It also encourages further research on alternative explanations for women’s motivation in reading and writing BL stories.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0762-y
  • From Orgasms to Spanking: A Content Analysis of the Agentic and
           Objectifying Sexual Scripts in Feminist, for Women, and Mainstream
    • Authors: Niki Fritz; Bryant Paul
      Abstract: Abstract Historically, pro- versus anti-pornography debates have been positioned around the concepts of sexual objectification versus sexual agency—arguing that pornography, especially Mainstream content, results in objectification of women versus arguing that pornography, especially Feminist pornography or erotica, depicts and can lead to female sexual empowerment. To date, however, no one has examined the content of Mainstream compared to Feminist pornography. The present content analysis of 300 pornographic scenes compares categories of internet pornography aimed at women (including Feminist and For Women) to Mainstream pornography, examining indicators of both sexual objectification (including stripping, cumshots, aggression, genital focus, and gaping) and agency (including self-touch, orgasm, and directing and initiating sex). Results suggest that Mainstream pornography contains significantly more depictions of female objectification than both Feminist and For Women content. There is an objectification gender gap between men and women in all categories, which is significantly wider in Mainstream content than in pornography aimed at women. Focusing on empowerment, queer Feminist pornography contained significantly more indicators of female sexual agency than both For Women and Mainstream categories, although primarily heterosexual Feminist pornography did not. Findings suggest that different categories of pornography provide women with different scripts related to sexual objectification, agency, and gender dynamics, which may impact sexual behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0759-6
  • Assessment of Conflicts Associated with a Traditional Masculine Gender
           Role in Spanish College Men and Women
    • Authors: Rubén García-Sánchez; Carmen Almendros; Manuel Gámez-Guadix; María Jesús Martín; Begoña Aramayona; José Manuel Martínez
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Gender Role Conflict Scale – Short Form (GRCS-SF; Wester et al. 2012) in a sample of men. In addition, we extend the gender conflict paradigm by evaluating two samples of women with the same instrument. In Study 1, we investigated the internal structure of the instrument in a sample of 281 Spanish undergraduate women using exploratory factor analysis, finding support to the original factor structure. In Study 2, we analyzed its psychometric properties in a college sample of 184 men and 255 women using confirmatory factor analysis, and we explored differences between the two genders through a factor invariance analysis and a comparison of group means. Sufficient equivalence was found, allowing for comparisons among men’s and women’s scores. Overall, masculine gender conflict was significantly associated with greater distress and less general subjective well-being in both men and women. Our research extends the gender role conflict paradigm to the Spanish context and enhances the study of women’s conflicts associated with the adoption of behaviors traditionally attributed to the male gender role.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0765-8
  • Heterosexual Men’s Sexual Desire: Supported by, or Deviating from,
           Traditional Masculinity Norms and Sexual Scripts?
    • Authors: Sarah Hunter Murray
      Abstract: Abstract Sexual script theory and masculinity theory suggest that men should demonstrate high levels of desire in order to abide by social norms and expectations. The current study explored the degree to which men’s descriptions of their sexual desire supported or deviated from these theories’ propositions. Thirty men between the ages of 30 and 65 (M age = 42.83) in heterosexual long-term relationships (M duration = 13 years, 4 months, range = 2 years, 11 months – 39 years, 4 months) were interviewed about their experience of sexual desire. Grounded theory methodology from an interpretivist perspective was used to analyze the data. The majority of participants described having high and constant levels of sexual desire and just over half reported never turning down an opportunity to engage in a sexual encounter. However, most men also indicated that their sexual desire was sometimes feigned in order to appear more masculine or to prevent upsetting their female partner. It is suggested that researchers, therapists, and sex educators be mindful that men face pressures to exhibit sexual desire in stereotypically masculine ways and that outward demonstrations of sexual interest may not always be accurate representations of men’s true experiences.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0766-7
  • Teaching About the Margins at the Intersections
    • Authors: Stacey L. Williams; Sarah Job
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0767-6
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