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SEXUALITY (50 journals)

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AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access  
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Gay and Lesbian Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
GLQ : A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Transgenderism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bisexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of GLBT Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Homosexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lesbian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sex Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sexual & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Raheema     Open Access  
Religion and Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista Periódicus     Open Access  
Screen Bodies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Experience, Perception, and Display     Full-text available via subscription  
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Sex Roles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual and Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexualities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexuality & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sexuality and Disability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access  
SQS - Suomen Queer-tutkimuksen Seuran lehti     Open Access  
Theology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
TSQ : Transgender Studies Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung     Hybrid Journal  
Journal Cover Sex Roles
  [SJR: 1.182]   [H-I: 75]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2762 - ISSN (Online) 0360-0025
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Gender and the Transition to Parenthood: Introduction to the Special Issue
    • Authors: Kristin D. Mickelson; Susanne N. Biehle
      Pages: 271 - 275
      Abstract: The transition to parenthood is a rite of passage for most adults; however, given the dynamic state of gender roles in society, the parameters surrounding the ease or difficulty with this transition are evolving. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the work included in the special issue, Gender and the Transition to Parenthood. Academic literature has been filled with articles on how women cope with the transition to parenthood from a variety of perspectives, including a feminist perspective. However, much of this literature is dated and cannot account for how today’s gender roles in society (particularly those of fathers) may influence the transition to parenthood. We argue that, with the rapidly changing gender roles in society, it is crucial to consider three perspectives in parenting: hers, his, and theirs. The ten works included in this special issue represent these three perspectives and seek to understand the transition to parenthood and its intersection with today’s gender roles. Based on these works, the authors encourage researchers interested in the transition to parenthood to incorporate both male and female perspectives, as well as the interplay between the genders in making the transition smooth or difficult. Following a brief overview of the existing literature, we introduce the articles in the special issue. All papers in this special issue are based on U.S. samples.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0724-9
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Doing Gender Online: New Mothers’ Psychological Characteristics,
           Facebook Use, and Depressive Symptoms
    • Authors: Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan; Jill E. Yavorsky; Mitchell K. Bartholomew; Jason M. Sullivan; Meghan A. Lee; Claire M. Kamp Dush; Michael Glassman
      Pages: 276 - 289
      Abstract: Online social networking sites, such as Facebook, have provided a new platform for individuals to produce and reproduce gender through social interactions. New mothers, in particular, may use Facebook to practice behaviors that align with their mothering identity and meet broader societal expectations, or in other words, to “do motherhood.” Given that Facebook use may undermine well-being, it is important to understand the individual differences underlying new mothers’ experiences with Facebook during the stressful first months of parenthood. Using survey data from a sample of 127 new mothers with Facebook accounts residing in the U.S. Midwest, we addressed two key questions: (a) Are individual differences in new mothers’ psychological characteristics associated with their use and experiences of Facebook? and (b) Are new mothers’ psychological characteristics associated with greater risk for depressive symptoms via their use and experiences of Facebook? Regression analyses revealed that mothers who were more concerned with external validation of their identities as mothers and those who believed that society holds them to excessively high standards for parenting engaged in more frequent Facebook activity and also reported stronger emotional reactions to Facebook commentary. Moreover, mothers who were more concerned with external validation were more likely to have featured their child in their Facebook profile picture. Mediation analyses indicated that mothers who were more prone to seeking external validation for their mothering identity and perfectionistic about parenting experienced increases in depressive symptoms indirectly via greater Facebook activity.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0640-z
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Postpartum Depression in Mothers and Fathers: The Role of Parenting
           Efficacy Expectations During the Transition to Parenthood
    • Authors: Christi L. Gross; Kristen Marcussen
      Pages: 290 - 305
      Abstract: Research demonstrates that belief in one’s effectiveness as a parent (parenting efficacy) is linked to numerous positive outcomes for new parents. Conversely, the perceived inability to meet expectations is associated with negative mental health consequences for mothers and fathers. In the present paper we examine the impact of parenting efficacy expectations on the mental health statuses of new parents. Using three waves of data spanning from the prenatal period to the 4-months postpartum period from a sample of 150 first-time mothers and fathers in the Midwestern United States, we find that parenting efficacy is negatively associated with postpartum depression (PPD) for both mothers and fathers throughout the transition period. We also find that mothers and fathers whose parenting efficacy experiences were more negative than expected reported higher levels of PPD at 1-month postpartum. This effect dissipates for mothers, but not fathers, by 4-months postpartum, suggesting differences in the experiences of mothers and fathers during this transition. We conclude that research on the transition to parenthood should continue to include fathers in an effort to better understand the mental health consequences of becoming a parent for the first time, as well as enhance interventions designed to assist couples experiencing this important transition.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0629-7
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Perceived Stigma of Postpartum Depression Symptoms in Low-Risk First-Time
           Parents: Gender Differences in a Dual-Pathway Model
    • Authors: Kristin D. Mickelson; Susanne N. Biehle; Alexandra Chong; Alynn Gordon
      Pages: 306 - 318
      Abstract: Although postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms are fairly common among new mothers and fathers, new parents still perceive a stigma associated with having the “baby blues.” Research has extensively examined the role of perceived stigma on help-seeking for clinical PPD, but little is known about the process of perceived stigma in new parents. We examined the role of perceived stigma in postpartum depressive symptoms using the dual-pathway model (Mickelson and Williams 2008). Specifically, we tested whether internalized stigma would influence PPD symptoms through parenting efficacy, whereas experienced stigma would influence PPD symptoms through indirect support-seeking. We also examined whether the internalized pathway was stronger for fathers while mothers would utilize both pathways. Using longitudinal data from a community sample of first-time parents in the United States, we found parenting efficacy was a mediator between internalized stigma and PPD symptoms for mothers and experienced stigma and PPD symptoms for fathers; indirect support-seeking was only a cross-sectional mediator for mothers between internalized stigma and PPD symptoms. Understanding how new mothers and fathers perceive the stigma attached to PPD symptoms and the process by which it impacts symptom reporting can help to improve interventions aimed at new parents.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0603-4
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Division of Household and Childcare Labor and Relationship Conflict Among
           Low-Income New Parents
    • Authors: Katie Newkirk; Maureen Perry-Jenkins; Aline G. Sayer
      Pages: 319 - 333
      Abstract: We examine the relationships among the division of housework and childcare labor, perceptions of its fairness for two types of family labor (housework and childcare), and parents’ relationship conflict across the transition to parenthood. Perceived fairness is examined as a mediator of the relationships between change in the division of housework and childcare and relationship conflict. Working-class, dual-earner couples (n = 108) in the U.S Northeast were interviewed at five time points from the third trimester of pregnancy and across the first year of parenthood. Research questions addressed whether change in the division of housework and childcare across the transition to parenthood predicted mothers’ and fathers’ relationship conflict, with attention to the mediating role of perceived fairness of these chores. Findings for housework indicated that perceived fairness was related to relationship conflict for mothers and fathers, such that when spouses perceived the change in the division of household tasks to be unfair to either partner, they reported more conflict, However, fairness did not significantly mediate relations between changes in division of household tasks and later relationship conflict. For childcare, fairness mediated relations between mothers’ violated expectations concerning the division of childcare and later conflict such that mothers reported less conflict when they perceived the division of childcare as less unfair to themselves; there was no relationship for fathers. Findings highlight the importance of considering both childcare and household tasks independently in our models and suggest that the division of housework and childcare holds different implications for mothers’ and fathers’ assessments of relationship conflict.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0604-3
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • The Roles of Fathers’ Involvement and Coparenting in Relationship
           Quality among Cohabiting and Married Parents
    • Authors: Lauren McClain; Susan L. Brown
      Pages: 334 - 345
      Abstract: Relationship quality often declines following the birth of child, likely reflecting in part the shift towards role traditionalization that occurs through gender specialization. The current study used longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study, an urban birth cohort in 2000 consisting of structured interviews of mothers and fathers who were followed over 5 years (n = 1275), to examine whether low levels of fathers’ involvement and coparenting, two indicators of role traditionalization, were linked to negative trajectories of mothers’ and fathers’ relationship quality for couples whose first child was born in marriage or cohabitation. We carefully consider union transitions in the 5 years postpartum by including between-subjects variables indicating that the parents were continually married, continually cohabiting, were cohabiting at the child’s birth and got married after, or were cohabiting or married at the child’s birth but subsequently separated. As anticipated, both fathers’ involvement and coparenting were positively associated with parents’ reports of relationship quality, more so for mothers than for fathers and especially for cohabiting mothers, buffering the decline in mothers’ and fathers’ relationship quality that typically accompanies the birth of a child. These findings underscore the importance of the father role, not only for the well-being of the child (as we know from other research) but also for the relationship of the parents. Fathers should be encouraged and supported to take an active role in parenting through educational programs and public policy (e.g., paid paternity leave).
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0612-3
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Parenting Stress and Sexual Satisfaction Among First-Time Parents: A
           Dyadic Approach
    • Authors: Chelom E. Leavitt; Brandon T. McDaniel; Megan K. Maas; Mark E. Feinberg
      Pages: 346 - 355
      Abstract: The present paper reports on longitudinal associations between parenting stress and sexual satisfaction among 169 heterosexual couples in the first year after the birth of a first child. Actor Partner Interdependence Modeling (APIM) was used to model the effects of the mother’s and father’s parenting stress at 6 months after birth on sexual satisfaction at 1 year after birth. Based on social constructivist theory and scarcity theory, two hypotheses were posed: (a) mothers’ parenting stress will predict their own later sexual satisfaction whereas fathers’ parenting stress will not predict their own later sexual satisfaction (actor effects) and (b) mothers’ parenting stress will predict fathers’ later sexual satisfaction but fathers’ parenting stress will not predict mothers’ later sexual satisfaction (partner effects). On average, parents were only somewhat satisfied with their sex life. The first hypothesis was supported as greater parenting stress significantly predicted lower sexual satisfaction for mothers but not for fathers. The second hypothesis was also supported as mothers’ greater parenting stress significantly predicted less sexual satisfaction in fathers, whereas fathers’ parenting stress did not significantly predict mothers’ sexual satisfaction. We discuss how our results may be interpreted considering the social construction of gendered family roles.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0623-0
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Gender Differences in Work-Family Guilt in Parents of Young Children
    • Authors: Jessica L. Borelli; S. Katherine Nelson; Laura M. River; Sarah A. Birken; Corinne Moss-Racusin
      Pages: 356 - 368
      Abstract: The transition to parenthood is a watershed moment for most parents, introducing the possibility of intra-individual and interpersonal growth or decline. Given the increasing number of dual-earner couples in the United States, new parents’ attitudes towards employment (as well as the ways in which they balance employment and personal demands) may have an impact on their overall well-being. Based on anecdotal accounts, guilt about the conflict between employment and family (termed work-family guilt) appears particularly pervasive among U.S. mothers of young children; specifically, mothers, but not fathers, express high levels of a subtype of work-family guilt, that pertains to the negative impact their work has on their families (termed work-interfering-with-family guilt). However, little research within psychology has explicitly examined this phenomenon, and to our knowledge, no quantitative study has investigated gender differences in work-family guilt among U.S. parents of young children. In a cross-sectional, correlational study involving 255 parents of toddlers from the greater Southern California area, we coded parents’ narrative responses to a series of open-ended questions regarding employment and family for the presence of work-family guilt and work-interfering-with-family guilt (in the form of guilt about the negative impact of employment on children). Mothers had significantly higher work-family guilt and work-interfering-with-family guilt relative to fathers. We discuss our findings in terms of theory on gender roles, as well as the questions they generate for future areas of investigation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0579-0
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Emotional Support from Parents and In-Laws: the Roles of Gender and
    • Authors: Alexandra Chong; Alynn E. Gordon; Brian P. Don
      Pages: 369 - 379
      Abstract: After the birth of a child, new mothers and fathers commonly have a substantial amount of contact with their parents and in-laws. However, this contact may not always result in emotional support. We tested if contact, rather than geographical distance, influenced emotional support received from parents and in-laws and whether there were gender differences in these associations. Online questionnaire data were collected in 2008 from a community sample of U.S. first-time mothers (n = 93) and fathers (n = 93) who were in a heterosexual relationship and living together. Results indicated that for new mothers, greater contact with own parents and in-laws was related to receiving more emotional support. However, for mothers, greater contact with parents also was related to less emotional support from in-laws. For new fathers, contact was not related to emotional support from either parents or in-laws. These findings suggest that receiving support as a result of contact with family members may be gendered, particularly for new mothers’ and fathers’ relationships with their in-laws. The current study highlights the importance of reducing stigmas about men and their emotional needs and of encouraging new fathers to seek and receive support from family during the transition to parenthood.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0587-0
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Disrupted Transition to Parenthood: Gender Moderates the Association
           Between Miscarriage and Uncertainty About Conception
    • Authors: S. Katherine Nelson; Megan L. Robbins; Sara E. Andrews; Kate Sweeny
      Pages: 380 - 392
      Abstract: Miscarriage is a devastating yet common experience shared by women and their partners. Doctors often recommend that couples attempt to conceive again after the experience of a miscarriage, yet little is known about the emotional toll of conception following miscarriage. In the current study, we addressed two primary research questions: (a) How does experiencing a miscarriage relate to recalled emotional experiences of uncertainty surrounding efforts to conceive again? and (b) does gender moderate the association between miscarriage and retrospective accounts of emotions surrounding efforts to conceive? An online sample of parents from across the U.S. (N = 429; 84.4 % married or cohabiting) reported their number of prior miscarriages and completed online questionnaires assessing recalled psychological adjustment (anxiety, rumination, positive and negative emotions) during their efforts to conceive their youngest child. In addition, they provided written responses regarding their experiences during this time. Participants’ responses were quantitatively analyzed for word use using LIWC, a text-analysis software program, to obtain an observational indicator of emotions. For women but not men, miscarriage was associated with recalled anxiety, rumination, and negative emotions surrounding efforts to conceive a child, as well as the use of more negative emotion, sadness, and anxiety words when describing efforts to conceive. Thus, miscarriage seemed to taint the emotional experience of trying to conceive again, and this consequence seemed particularly poignant for women.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-015-0564-z
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Parenthood as a Moral Imperative? Moral Outrage and the Stigmatization of
           Voluntarily Childfree Women and Men
    • Authors: Leslie Ashburn-Nardo
      Pages: 393 - 401
      Abstract: Nationally representative data indicate that adults in the United States are increasingly delaying the decision to have children or are forgoing parenthood entirely. Although some empirical research has examined the social consequences of adults’ decision to be childfree, few studies have identified explanatory mechanisms for the stigma this population experiences. Based on the logic of backlash theory and research on retributive justice, the present research examined moral outrage as a mechanism through which voluntarily childfree targets are perceived less favorably than are targets with children for violating the prescribed social role of parenthood. In a between-subjects experiment, 197 undergraduates (147 women, 49 men, 1 participant with missing gender data) from a large U.S. Midwestern urban university were randomly assigned to evaluate a male or female married target who had chosen to have zero or two children. Participants completed measures of the target’s perceived psychological fulfillment and their affective reactions to the target. Consistent with earlier studies, voluntarily childfree targets were perceived as significantly less psychologically fulfilled than targets with two children. Extending past research, voluntarily childfree targets elicited significantly greater moral outrage than did targets with two children. My findings were not qualified by targets’ gender. Moral outrage mediated the effect of target parenthood status on perceived fulfillment. Collectively, these findings offer the first known empirical evidence of perceptions of parenthood as a moral imperative.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0606-1
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Gender, Sexuality, and Psychology: History, Theory, Debates, and New
    • Authors: Eileen L. Zurbriggen
      Pages: 402 - 404
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0720-0
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Welcome to College! Creating Improved Campus Climates for LGTBQ Students
    • Authors: Lisa F. Platt
      Pages: 405 - 406
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0732-9
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 5-6 (2017)
  • Emerging Adults’ Expectations and Preferences for Gender Role
           Arrangements in Long-Term Heterosexual Relationships
    • Authors: Tamara G. Coon Sells; Lawrence Ganong
      Pages: 125 - 137
      Abstract: Using vignettes as a data collection tool, the main purpose of this randomized, mixed-method study was to examine U.S. emerging adults’ (N = 451) expectations and preferences for five different gender role relationship (GRR) types: (a) male-head/female-complement, (b) male-senior/female-junior partner, (c) partner-equal, (d) female-senior/male-junior partner, and (e) female-head/male-complement. Respondents’ perceptions about their personal satisfaction if they were in such GRRs in the future also were examined, as were their perceptions of the effects of marital status and parental status of couples in the various GRR vignettes. Married couples were projected to have greater satisfaction than cohabiting couples, but couples with and without children were viewed similarly. Quantitative results suggest that emerging adults project egalitarian GRRs to be the most satisfying relationship type. Projected couple satisfaction and anticipated personal satisfaction were not dependent on couples’ marital or parental status. Qualitative results generally supported the quantitative findings, in that dual-career couple relationships were projected to be the most satisfying. Educators as well as premarital and marriage counselors may be able to use this information to help emerging adults consider and prepare for future relationships. Work/family policymakers also could use this information to tailor workplace and social policies to better reflect emerging adults’ views about GRRs in their future relationships.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0658-2
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 3-4 (2017)
  • Perceptions, Emotions, and Behaviors toward Women Based on Parental Status
    • Authors: Annalucia Bays
      Pages: 138 - 155
      Abstract: In previous research, women without children are perceived more negatively than are mothers (Kopper and Smith 2001; LaMastro 2001; Lampman and Dowling-Guyer 1995). The present study investigated perceptions, emotions, and behaviors toward women based on parental status. Undergraduate students (N = 299) rated women described as mothers, involuntarily childless, or permanently childfree-by-choice, then completed measures of competence, warmth, status, competition, emotions, and behaviors. Mothers and childless women were rated as warmer than competent, and childfree women were rated more competent than warm. Correlations demonstrated that noncompetitive groups were perceived as warm and that high status groups were perceived as competent. Warmth was more predictive than competence of most behaviors. In analyses of variance, mothers were the most admired group, eliciting helping behaviors; childless women elicited pity; and childfree women elicited envy, disgust, and harm behaviors. Nearly all relations between perceptions and behaviors were mediated by at least one emotion, supporting the primacy of emotions over perceptions in influencing behaviors. Mine is the first known study to establish that combinations of perceptions, emotions, and behaviors toward women vary with parental status. Moreover, current results suggest that negative perceptions and emotions toward childfree women may result in harm from others. Finally, my study supports the persistence of negative perceptions of women without children in a contemporary sample of emerging U.S. adults.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0655-5
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 3-4 (2017)
  • Reading Masculinities
    • Authors: Edward H. Thompson
      Pages: 264 - 265
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0715-x
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 3-4 (2017)
  • Understanding Masculinity Improves Worklife for Everyone
    • Authors: Sara Langford
      Pages: 266 - 267
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0700-4
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 3-4 (2017)
  • A Seat at the Table: Does it Make a Difference if Women are Included in
           Peace Negotiations ?
    • Authors: Georgina Waylen
      Pages: 268 - 269
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0717-8
      Issue No: Vol. 76, No. 3-4 (2017)
  • A Listening Guide Analysis of Lesbian and Bisexual Young Women of
           Color’s Experiences of Sexual Objectification
    • Authors: Jennifer F. Chmielewski
      Abstract: In the present study, I utilize objectification theory and compulsory heterosexuality as theoretical lenses to investigate lesbian and bisexual young Women of Color’s sexual objectification experiences. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight Black and Latina 16–19 year-old young women who identified as lesbian or bisexual. Using the Listening Guide method of narrative analysis, two voices pertaining to young women’s objectification experiences were identified: a Voice of Surveillance and a Voice of Self-Surveillance. Findings suggest that young women experienced sexual objectification as rooted in their gender, sexuality, and racial identities. Experiences were further shaped by the contexts in which objectification occurred: participants voiced distinct struggles navigating (a) sexual harassment and violence in relationships with peers and romantic partners, (b) sexual harassment and discipline in school, and (c) street harassment and violence from men. Findings highlight the importance of understanding sexual objectification experiences as they are informed by gender, sexuality, and race, as well as the ways that young women actively cope with and resist objectification. Psychologists, activists, and mental health professionals are encouraged to consider how sexual objectification is rooted in multiple forms of oppression, its implications for young women’s identity, desire, and well-being, and how young women can be supported as they struggle against it.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0740-4
  • Engendering Culture: The Relationship of Gender Identity and Pressure for
           Gender Conformity with Adolescents’ Interests in the Arts and Literature
    • Authors: Susan Lagaert; Mieke Van Houtte; Henk Roose
      Abstract: Research indicates that women are more interested in highbrow culture (i.e., the arts—art, music, and theatre—and literature) than men are. Current explanations for women’s higher involvement in highbrow cultural activities primarily focus on adults; overemphasize class-, work- and cultural capital-related explanations; and do not uncover the identity-related and interactional mechanisms behind the gendering of taste during socialization. In the present paper we use gender identity theory and a “doing gender” perspective to understand cultural taste differences between male and female adolescents. Using multilevel analyses on a random sample of 5227 Flemish 7th graders (M age = 12.18) who completed a survey in their classrooms, we find that higher gender typicality (i.e., identification as a typical male or female) and higher pressure to conform to gender stereotypes are associated with slightly higher interests in arts-, theatre-, and literature-related activities for young women, but with much lower highbrow interests for young men. This difference indicates that identity-related processes and interactional conformity pressures are important mechanisms reinforcing the gendering of cultural tastes. Implications for research on gender, class, and cultural capital, as well as potential ways to make schools safe environments for the expression of gender non-stereotypical cultural tastes, are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0738-y
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