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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1350 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (686 journals)
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SEXUALITY (52 journals)

Showing 1 - 52 of 52 Journals sorted alphabetically
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bagoas - Estudos gays: gêneros e sexualidades     Open Access  
Cadernos de Gênero e Diversidade     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access  
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Gay and Lesbian Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
GLQ : A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Transgenderism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Bisexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of GLBT Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Homosexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Lesbian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of LGBT Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sex Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sexual & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Raheema     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religion and Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Periódicus     Open Access  
Screen Bodies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Experience, Perception, and Display     Full-text available via subscription  
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Sex Roles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual and Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexualities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sexuality & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Sexuality and Disability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SQS - Suomen Queer-tutkimuksen Seuran lehti     Open Access  
Theology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
TSQ : Transgender Studies Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung     Hybrid Journal  
Journal Cover Sex Roles
  [SJR: 1.182]   [H-I: 75]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2762 - ISSN (Online) 0360-0025
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Gender Stereotypes and the Coordination of Mnemonic Work within
           Heterosexual Couples: Romantic Partners Manage their Daily To-Dos
    • Authors: Janet N. Ahn; Elizabeth L. Haines; Malia F. Mason
      Pages: 435 - 452
      Abstract: Abstract Couples appear to help each other remember outstanding tasks (“to-dos”) by issuing reminders. We examine if women and men differ in the frequency with which they offer this form of mnemonic assistance. Five studies measure how heterosexual couples coordinate mnemonic work in romantic relationships. The first two studies demonstrate that men are assumed to do less of this form of mnemonic work (Study 1) and experience less societal pressure to do so than women do (Study 2). The next three studies suggest that men tend to do less of this mnemonic work than women do and that, when men do mnemonically help their partners, the help tends to involve errands for which they are stakeholders. This notion was evidenced in the greater accessibility of examples of women’s reminding acts than men’s reminding acts for both partners (Study 3) and in the less helpful reminders that men provided, compared to those women provided, as rated by both partners (Study 4a) and independent coders (Study 4b). These results converge on the possibility that men, relative to women, are less inclined to be concerned with keeping track of their partners” outstanding needs, perhaps because doing so is a behavior that is less strongly prescribed for men than for women. Implications for helping behavior and the possible consequences associated with performing disproportionate mnemonic work in relationships are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0743-1
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Links among Familial Gender Ideology, Media Portrayal of Women, Dating,
           and Sexual Behaviors in African American, and Mexican American Adolescent
           Young Women: A Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Delida Sanchez; Alaina Flannigan; Crystal Guevara; Sarah Arango; Emma Hamilton
      Pages: 453 - 470
      Abstract: Abstract Utilizing grounded theory methodology and drawing from sexual script theory as a research lens, we examined familial gender ideologies, media portrayals of Black and Latina women, dating attitudes, and sexual behaviors among 33 low-income early adolescent (aged 11–14) African American and Mexican American young women. Themes revealed divergent experiences for African American and Mexican American young women. In particular, African American participants reported egalitarian familial gender ideologies and sexual objectification of Black women, as well as more open and positive attitudes toward dating and sexuality. In contrast, Mexican American participants reported patriarchal familial gender ideologies and the portrayed mistreatment of Latinas in telenovelas and Spanish language songs, along with cautious attitudes towards dating and sexuality. Additionally, Mexican American participants reported that they censored their communication about sexual matters with their family. Overall, findings suggest that interventions should be tailored accordingly for African American and Mexican American youth. Interventions with African American young women should focus on providing accurate information on safer sexual practices, whereas interventions with Mexican American young women should focus on promoting constructive conceptualizations of gender roles, which could help foster self-efficacy around sexual communication with parents and potential partners.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0739-x
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Adolescents’ Involvement in Cyber Bullying and Perceptions of School:
           The Importance of Perceived Peer Acceptance for Female Adolescents
    • Authors: Lucy R. Betts; Karin A. Spenser; Sarah E. Gardner
      Pages: 471 - 481
      Abstract: Abstract Young people are spending increasing amounts of time using digital technology and, as such, are at great risk of being involved in cyber bullying as a victim, bully, or bully/victim. Despite cyber bullying typically occurring outside the school environment, the impact of being involved in cyber bullying is likely to spill over to school. Fully 285 11- to 15-year-olds (125 male and 160 female, M age = 12.19 years, SD = 1.03) completed measures of cyber bullying involvement, self-esteem, trust, perceived peer acceptance, and perceptions of the value of learning and the importance of school. For young women, involvement in cyber bullying as a victim, bully, or bully/victim negatively predicted perceptions of learning and school, and perceived peer acceptance mediated this relationship. The results indicated that involvement in cyber bullying negatively predicted perceived peer acceptance which, in turn, positively predicted perceptions of learning and school. For young men, fulfilling the bully/victim role negatively predicted perceptions of learning and school. Consequently, for young women in particular, involvement in cyber bullying spills over to impact perceptions of learning. The findings of the current study highlight how stressors external to the school environment can adversely impact young women’s perceptions of school and also have implications for the development of interventions designed to ameliorate the effects of cyber bullying.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0742-2
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Engendering Culture: The Relationship of Gender Identity and Pressure for
           Gender Conformity with Adolescents’ Interests in the Arts and Literature
    • Authors: Susan Lagaert; Mieke Van Houtte; Henk Roose
      Pages: 482 - 495
      Abstract: Abstract Research indicates that women are more interested in highbrow culture (i.e., the arts—art, music, and theatre—and literature) than men are. Current explanations for women’s higher involvement in highbrow cultural activities primarily focus on adults; overemphasize class-, work- and cultural capital-related explanations; and do not uncover the identity-related and interactional mechanisms behind the gendering of taste during socialization. In the present paper we use gender identity theory and a “doing gender” perspective to understand cultural taste differences between male and female adolescents. Using multilevel analyses on a random sample of 5227 Flemish 7th graders (M age = 12.18) who completed a survey in their classrooms, we find that higher gender typicality (i.e., identification as a typical male or female) and higher pressure to conform to gender stereotypes are associated with slightly higher interests in arts-, theatre-, and literature-related activities for young women, but with much lower highbrow interests for young men. This difference indicates that identity-related processes and interactional conformity pressures are important mechanisms reinforcing the gendering of cultural tastes. Implications for research on gender, class, and cultural capital, as well as potential ways to make schools safe environments for the expression of gender non-stereotypical cultural tastes, are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0738-y
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • The Roles of Child Gender and Parental Knowledge of Child Development in
           Parent-Child Interactive Play
    • Authors: Ljubica Marjanovič-Umek; Urška Fekonja-Peklaj
      Pages: 496 - 509
      Abstract: Abstract In our study, we aimed to analyse the effect of child gender on parental and child interactive play behaviour, as well as to determine relations between parental general knowledge of child development and parental play behaviour in two developmental periods, namely toddlerhood and early childhood. The sample included 99 children (50 toddlers 1–3 years-old; 49 preschoolers 3–5 years-old) and their parents. Parent–child interactive play with a standard set of toys was observed and assessed in the home setting. We found that parental and child play behaviours were closely related in both age groups. In addition, child’s gender affected child, but not parental, play behaviour such that girls more frequently established the content of play, sustained play frame, and used more symbolic transformations during play than boys did. Parents’ general knowledge of child development was associated with both parental education and parental play behaviour. The findings are applicable to different professionals working with children and their parents in the preschool period.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-016-0734-7
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Intersectionality at Work: South Asian Muslim Women’s Experiences of
           Employment and Leadership in the United Kingdom
    • Authors: Memoona Tariq; Jawad Syed
      Pages: 510 - 522
      Abstract: Abstract Drawing on qualitative interviews with 20 South Asian heritage, Muslim, female leaders, managers, and supervisors in the United Kingdom, we examine the multi-layered issues and challenges they face in pursuit of employment and leadership positions. The paper offers an intersectional perspective taking into account interconnected and overlapping factors (gender, ethnicity, religion, and family status) that affect not only the issues and challenges these women face in the labour market but also the individual agency and strategies they use to overcome any obstacles in the way of their employment and career. The results show that although Muslim women continue to face a myriad of challenges in the workplace, they are also able to tackle some of these issues through their individual strategies and networks, such as personal networks and further education. The study highlights the need for policymakers and employers to consider intersectionality to enable ethnic minority women’s inclusion and leadership within and outside the workplace.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0741-3
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Countries with Greater Gender Equality Have More Positive Attitudes and
           Laws Concerning Lesbians and Gay Men
    • Authors: P. J. Henry; Geoffrey Wetherell
      Pages: 523 - 532
      Abstract: Abstract Social scientists have long discussed and empirically demonstrated how attitudes toward lesbians and gay men are determined in part by sexism and endorsement of gender roles, but only at the psychological level of analysis. We present data that considers these relationships at the cross-national level of analysis, using country-level measures of gender equality (the Gender Global Gap Index), aggregate measures of attitudes toward lesbians and gay men in a country, and a newly constructed measure of the progressiveness of sexual orientation laws. We show for the first time to our knowledge that countries that have the greatest gender equality also have (a) the most positive aggregate attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and (b) the strongest legislative protections for lesbians and gay men. These results hold even when controlling for plausible third variables such as a country’s level of religiosity and its economic and political development, each with their own separate effects. We discuss the results within the context of the various forces that contribute to, and work against, ensuring more accepting attitudes of, and equal rights for, lesbians and gay men. In conclusion, to fully understand support for lesbians and gay men and the laws that protect them, one should also consider how women are treated in a country.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0744-0
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • A Listening Guide Analysis of Lesbian and Bisexual Young Women of
           Color’s Experiences of Sexual Objectification
    • Authors: Jennifer F. Chmielewski
      Pages: 533 - 549
      Abstract: Abstract In the present study, I utilize objectification theory and compulsory heterosexuality as theoretical lenses to investigate lesbian and bisexual young Women of Color’s sexual objectification experiences. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight Black and Latina 16–19 year-old young women who identified as lesbian or bisexual. Using the Listening Guide method of narrative analysis, two voices pertaining to young women’s objectification experiences were identified: a Voice of Surveillance and a Voice of Self-Surveillance. Findings suggest that young women experienced sexual objectification as rooted in their gender, sexuality, and racial identities. Experiences were further shaped by the contexts in which objectification occurred: participants voiced distinct struggles navigating (a) sexual harassment and violence in relationships with peers and romantic partners, (b) sexual harassment and discipline in school, and (c) street harassment and violence from men. Findings highlight the importance of understanding sexual objectification experiences as they are informed by gender, sexuality, and race, as well as the ways that young women actively cope with and resist objectification. Psychologists, activists, and mental health professionals are encouraged to consider how sexual objectification is rooted in multiple forms of oppression, its implications for young women’s identity, desire, and well-being, and how young women can be supported as they struggle against it.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0740-4
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Exploring College Men’s and Women’s Attitudes about Women’s
           Sexuality and Pleasure via their Perceptions of Female Novelty Party
    • Authors: Michael J. Marks; Kassia Wosick
      Pages: 550 - 561
      Abstract: Abstract Women’s sexual desire, agency, and activity have long been stigmatized. In contemporary times, however, adult novelty parties, or gatherings where women can learn about and purchase sex toys or other sensual aids in a group setting, are widespread. The current pervasiveness of novelty parties may be indicative of greater acceptance of women’s sexuality in contemporary Western society. The goal of the present study is to determine whether young people are more accepting of women’s sexuality and desire via their evaluations of women who attend novelty parties relative to more traditional kitchen product parties. In two experiments, U.S. college students read either a novelty party catalog or a kitchen party catalog, and they evaluated hypothetical female attendees of their respective party catalog type across ten total domains. In Experiment 1 (n = 205), novelty party attendees were rated as more vivacious, less traditional, and more insecure than were kitchen party attendees. In Experiment 2 (n = 211), women were harsher than men on novelty party attendees compared to kitchen party attendees in most domains, and men rated novelty party attendees as more masculine than kitchen party attendees, whereas women rated novelty party attendees as less masculine and feminine than kitchen party attendees. Applied and social implications of the present results are discussed, highlighting ways to improve perceptions of women’s sexual desires and pleasure.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0737-z
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Teaching About the Margins at the Intersections
    • Authors: Stacey L. Williams; Sarah Job
      Pages: 562 - 563
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0767-6
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Teaching Acceptance of Gender Creativity and Transgression
    • Authors: Kimberly Fairchild
      Pages: 564 - 565
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0769-4
      Issue No: Vol. 77, No. 7-8 (2017)
  • Support for a Modified Tripartite Dual Pathway Model of Body Image
           Concerns and Risky Body Change Behaviors in French Young Men
    • Authors: Marilou Girard; Henri Chabrol; Rachel F. Rodgers
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the present study was to extend the extant literature by testing a modified Tripartite Dual Pathway Model of the development of male body image and eating concerns among French young men. A sample of 147 French male college students (M age = 22.09 years-old, range = 18–30) completed a questionnaire assessing sociocultural influences, internalization of the lean/low body fat ideal and the muscular/athletic ideal, appearance comparison, body fat and muscularity dissatisfaction, muscularity enhancement behaviors, drive for thinness, and bulimic symptoms. The revised and final model was an adequate fit to the data, and included separate pathways for muscularity- and leanness-related concerns. This model shows that sociocultural pressures perceived from the media, family members, and peers were associated, through appearance comparison and internalization of the lean and muscular ideal, with body image concerns, disordered eating, and muscularity enhancement behaviors. Results reveal a strong and direct relationship between the internalization of the muscular/athletic ideal and muscularity enhancement behaviors. These findings contribute to the refinement of sociocultural models of the development of body image concerns and unhealthy body change behaviors including disordered eating among men, provide additional support for the usefulness of these models, and extend them to non-English speaking Western contexts.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0850-z
  • Of Men and Money: Characteristics of Occupations that Affect the Gender
           Differentiation of Children’s Occupational Interests
    • Authors: Amy Roberson Hayes; Rebecca S. Bigler; Erica S. Weisgram
      Abstract: Abstract Occupational interests become gender differentiated during childhood and remain so among adults. Two characteristics of occupations may contribute to this differentiation: the gender of individuals who typically perform the occupation (workers’ gender) and the particular goals that the occupation allows one to fulfill, such as the opportunity to help others or acquire power (value affordances). Two studies tested hypotheses about whether U.S. 6- to 11-year-olds show gender differences in their interest in novel jobs that were depicted as (a) being performed by men versus women and (b) affording money, power, family, or helping values. In Study 1, 98 children rank-ordered their preferences for experimentally-manipulated novel jobs, and they answered questions about their occupational values and the value affordances of jobs in which men and women typically work. In Study 2, a second sample of 65 children was used to test the replicability of findings from Study 1. As hypothesized, children were more interested in jobs depicted with same- than other-gender workers in both studies. Boys showed greater interest than did girls in novel jobs depicted as affording money in Study 1, but not Study 2. Explicit knowledge that men and women typically work in jobs that afford differing values increased with participants’ age.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0846-8
  • From Janet T. Spence’s Manifest Anxiety Scale to the Present Day:
           Exploring Math Anxiety and its Relation to Math Achievement
    • Authors: Julianne B. Herts; Sian L. Beilock
      Abstract: Abstract Janet Taylor Spence conducted a great deal of foundational work establishing the negative relation between anxiety and performance. Spence operationalized trait anxiety by creating the Manifest Anxiety Scale, and she conducted numerous studies linking scores on this scale to performance across a variety of cognitive tasks. The field of math anxiety research has built from her work to examine the ways in which negative emotions regarding math can hinder math performance. We discuss the antecedents and development of math anxiety, as well as the ways in which other individual differences, such as working memory, affect the relation between anxiety and performance. Although a rich literature has sprung from Spence’s early work, there is much left to do in terms of fully understanding how specific types of anxiety interact with each other, as well as with other individual differences, to determine performance outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0845-9
  • What Are Men Doing while Women Perform Extra Unpaid Labor' Leisure and
           Specialization at the Transitions to Parenthood
    • Authors: Claire M. Kamp Dush; Jill E. Yavorsky; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan
      Abstract: Abstract Marriage has significantly changed since Becker proposed his specialization model yet some scholars maintain that specialization characterizes modern couples. Specialization occurs when one partner, traditionally the man, concentrates on market work while the other partner, traditionally the woman, focuses on nonmarket work such as housework or childcare. Using innovative time diary data from primarily highly-educated, White, dual-earner U.S. couples, we examine how couples manage their time in market and household work and leisure across a momentous, gendered life course turning point—the transition to parenthood. We find little evidence of specialization, but stronger evidence of nonspecialization where both partners concurrently engaged in market work or leisure. Yet gender still mattered. Men enjoyed more leisure time, particularly on nonworkdays, whereas their partners performed more nonmarket work. Our study is the first known to uncover exactly what men were doing while women performed additional minutes of housework and childcare. On nonworkdays, fathers engaged in leisure 47% and 35% of the time during which mothers performed childcare and routine housework, respectively. Mothers engaged in leisure only about 16% to 19% of the time that fathers performed childcare and routine housework. In sum, although our study challenges economic theories of specialization by suggesting that nonspecialization is the norm for new parents’ time among highly-educated, dual-earner couples, persistent gender inequalities continue to characterize family work and leisure time.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0841-0
  • Janet Taylor Spence: Innovator in the Study of Gender
    • Authors: Alice H. Eagly; Wendy Wood
      Abstract: Abstract Janet Spence’s contributions moved gender researchers beyond a simple understanding of psychological gender in terms of individual differences in masculinity and femininity. In early work, she constructed the Personal Attributes Questionnaire, or PAQ, consisting of a masculine and a feminine scale, which she interpreted as assessing the core of psychological masculinity and femininity. Spence subsequently recognized that the masculine, or instrumental, scale reliably predicts only self-assertive, dominant behaviors and that the feminine, or expressive, scale reliably predicts only other-oriented, relational behaviors. Moreover, as her work developed, Spence came to understand this self-ascribed instrumentality and expressiveness, not as gender identity, but as two of the several types of psychological attributes that may become associated with individuals’ self-categorization as male or female. She then defined gender identity as the basic, existential sense of being male or female, which generally corresponds to one’s biological sex. Building on her ideas, we argue that gender identity instead encompasses both the sex categorization of oneself, usually as male or female, and self-assessments on gender-stereotypic instrumental and expressive attributes. These two levels of gender identity are linked by people’s self-stereotyping to the extent that they value their group membership as male or female.
      PubDate: 2017-09-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0835-y
  • Janet Taylor Spence: A Model Role Model
    • Authors: Donald J. Foss
      Abstract: Abstract The article summarizes and reflects on the contributions of Janet Taylor Spence in the areas of editing, service to her institutions, and service to her profession. It is based on both the objective record and on the personal experience and observations of the author, a long-time colleague. It reviews the many editorial positions Janet Taylor Spence held, including being editor of the Annual Review of Psychology and Contemporary Psychology, and the award she received from the National Academy of Sciences. It also sketches many of the leadership positions she held, including being president of the American Psychological Association and the first elected president of the Association for Psychological Science. It emphasizes both her outstanding professional and personal qualities.
      PubDate: 2017-09-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0840-1
  • Shedding Light on the Reality of Smart Girls
    • Authors: Brooke Palmer; Heather Brown
      PubDate: 2017-09-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0843-y
  • Time, Money, or Gender' Predictors of the Division of Household Labour
           Across Life Stages
    • Authors: Rebecca M. Horne; Matthew D. Johnson; Nancy L. Galambos; Harvey J. Krahn
      Abstract: Abstract Drawing on a life course perspective and data gathered during three developmental periods—the transition to adulthood (age 25; n = 168), young adulthood (age 32; n = 337), and midlife (age 43; n = 309), we explored patterns of division of household labour among Canadian men and women. We also investigated associations among housework responsibility and variables representing time availability (i.e., work hours), relative resource (i.e., earning a greater share of income in a relationship), and gender constructionist perspectives (i.e., marital status and raising children) at three life course stages. Results indicated women performed more housework than men at all ages. Regression analyses revealed housework responsibility was most reliably predicted by relative income and gender at age 25; work hours and raising children at age 32; and work hours, relative income, and gender at age 43. Gender moderated the influence of raising children at age 32. Overall, the relative resource perspective was supported during the transition to adulthood and in midlife, the time availability perspective was supported in young adulthood and in midlife, and certain elements of the gender constructionist perspective were supported at all life stages. The present study contributes to the division of household labour literature by disentangling the predictive power of time, resource, and gender perspectives on housework at distinct life stages.
      PubDate: 2017-09-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0832-1
  • The Problematization of Sexuality among Women Living with HIV and a New
           Feminist Approach for Understanding and Enhancing Women’s Sexual Lives
    • Authors: Allison Carter; Saara Greene; Deborah Money; Margarite Sanchez; Kath Webster; Valerie Nicholson; Jessica Whitbread; Kate Salters; Sophie Patterson; Mona Loutfy; Neora Pick; Lori A. Brotto; Catherine Hankins; Angela Kaida
      Abstract: Abstract In the context of HIV, women’s sexual rights and sexual autonomy are important but frequently overlooked and violated. Guided by community voices, feminist theories, and qualitative empirical research, we reviewed two decades of global quantitative research on sexuality among women living with HIV. In the 32 studies we found, conducted in 25 countries and composed mostly of cis-gender heterosexual women, sexuality was narrowly constructed as sexual behaviours involving risk (namely, penetration) and physiological dysfunctions relating to HIV illness, with far less attention given to the fullness of sexual lives in context, including more positive and rewarding experiences such as satisfaction and pleasure. Findings suggest that women experience declines in sexual activity, function, satisfaction, and pleasure following HIV diagnosis, at least for some period. The extent of such declines, however, is varied, with numerous contextual forces shaping women’s sexual well-being. Clinical markers of HIV (e.g., viral load, CD4 cell count) poorly predicted sexual outcomes, interrupting widely held assumptions about sexuality for women with HIV. Instead, the effects of HIV-related stigma intersecting with inequities related to trauma, violence, intimate relations, substance use, poverty, aging, and other social and cultural conditions primarily influenced the ways in which women experienced and enacted their sexuality. However, studies framed through a medical lens tended to pathologize outcomes as individual “problems,” whereas others driven by a public health agenda remained primarily preoccupied with protecting the public from HIV. In light of these findings, we present a new feminist approach for research, policy, and practice toward understanding and enhancing women’s sexual lives—one that affirms sexual diversity; engages deeply with society, politics, and history; and is grounded in women’s sexual rights.
      PubDate: 2017-09-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11199-017-0826-z
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