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Publisher: IEEE   (Total: 191 journals)

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Showing 1 - 191 of 191 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 196, SJR: 1.151, h-index: 103)
Affective Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.872, h-index: 26)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 19)
Bell Labs Technical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.596, h-index: 30)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.851, h-index: 21)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.201, h-index: 138)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.114, h-index: 62)
Canadian J. of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.208, h-index: 17)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 9)
Communications and Networks, J. of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.608, h-index: 27)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.62, h-index: 23)
Computational Intelligence and AI in Games, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.325, h-index: 24)
Computer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78, SJR: 0.599, h-index: 126)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.688, h-index: 47)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 0.942, h-index: 83)
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.578, h-index: 12)
Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.911, h-index: 19)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 1.975, h-index: 168)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.88, h-index: 25)
IEEE Access     Open Access   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.947, h-index: 12)
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 132, SJR: 0.463, h-index: 43)
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.193, h-index: 16)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.016, h-index: 62)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.901, h-index: 69)
IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.937, h-index: 37)
IEEE Communications Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.934, h-index: 107)
IEEE Communications Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70, SJR: 3.133, h-index: 170)
IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 4.187, h-index: 78)
IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 33)
IEEE Computer Architecture Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 20)
IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 71)
IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.328, h-index: 4)
IEEE Control Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
IEEE Design & Test     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 61)
IEEE Distributed Systems Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.626, h-index: 48)
IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 4)
IEEE Electron Device Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.791, h-index: 117)
IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
IEEE Engineering Management Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 12)
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 60)
IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 2.451, h-index: 36)
IEEE Industry Applications Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 41)
IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 29)
IEEE Intelligent Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 90)
IEEE Internet Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 88)
IEEE J. of Biomedical and Health Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.943, h-index: 76)
IEEE J. of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.737, h-index: 15)
IEEE J. of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.969, h-index: 71)
IEEE J. of Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.128, h-index: 108)
IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.632, h-index: 130)
IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.759, h-index: 62)
IEEE J. of Solid-State Circuits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.278, h-index: 165)
IEEE J. of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.026, h-index: 7)
IEEE J. of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.262, h-index: 3)
IEEE J. on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE J. on Selected Areas in Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.915, h-index: 186)
IEEE Latin America Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.249, h-index: 10)
IEEE Life Sciences Letters     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Micro     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 76)
IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.942, h-index: 98)
IEEE Microwave Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 49)
IEEE Multimedia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 53)
IEEE Nanotechnology Express     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IEEE Network     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.654, h-index: 90)
IEEE Pervasive Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.602, h-index: 77)
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.433, h-index: 128)
IEEE Potentials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.138, h-index: 20)
IEEE Power and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.681, h-index: 50)
IEEE Power and Energy Technology Systems J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 3)
IEEE Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologias del Aprendizaje     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.281, h-index: 5)
IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.792, h-index: 63)
IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Security & Privacy Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.734, h-index: 53)
IEEE Sensors J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81, SJR: 0.759, h-index: 69)
IEEE Signal Processing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.072, h-index: 95)
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 3.413, h-index: 125)
IEEE Software     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 112, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 84)
IEEE Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 52)
IEEE Systems J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.143, h-index: 27)
IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.265, h-index: 22)
IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.13, h-index: 143)
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.381, h-index: 62)
IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.963, h-index: 108)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.238, h-index: 211)
IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.832, h-index: 48)
IEEE Transactions on Big Data     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.104, h-index: 42)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.606, h-index: 140)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.394, h-index: 86)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.747, h-index: 65)
IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 9)
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Transactions on Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.659, h-index: 167)
IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.71, h-index: 95)
IEEE Transactions on Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.924, h-index: 92)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 76)
IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.651, h-index: 6)
IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 2.986, h-index: 105)
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.886, h-index: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.155, h-index: 44)
IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.826, h-index: 53)
IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.584, h-index: 84)
IEEE Transactions on Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.389, h-index: 53)
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Capability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.329, h-index: 68)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 142)
IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 6)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 125)
IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 69)
IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.308, h-index: 131)
IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 5.8, h-index: 144)
IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.377, h-index: 81)
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.727, h-index: 198)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.973, h-index: 59)
IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.86, h-index: 63)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.433, h-index: 217)
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.022, h-index: 79)
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.3, h-index: 82)
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.087, h-index: 119)
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.602, h-index: 99)
IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.941, h-index: 165)
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.346, h-index: 148)
IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.826, h-index: 98)
IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Transactions on Multi-Scale Computing Systems     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.603, h-index: 88)
IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 46)
IEEE Transactions On Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.708, h-index: 61)
IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.021, h-index: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 97)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 95)
IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.59, h-index: 94)
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 7.653, h-index: 264)
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.537, h-index: 83)
IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.341, h-index: 126)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 3.005, h-index: 160)
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 4.126, h-index: 174)
IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 33)
IEEE Transactions on Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.93, h-index: 68)
IEEE Transactions on Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.884, h-index: 98)
IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 53)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 2.004, h-index: 187)
IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.84, h-index: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.91, h-index: 98)
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 116)
IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.698, h-index: 78)
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.917, h-index: 92)
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.34, h-index: 146)
IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.897, h-index: 30)
IEEE Wireless Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.803, h-index: 112)
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 43)
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.795, h-index: 140)
IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.305, h-index: 87)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 3.285, h-index: 169)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.388, h-index: 138)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
IT Professional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 31)
J. of Display Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.956, h-index: 44)
J. of Lightwave Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 158)
J. of Microelectromechanical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.847, h-index: 114)
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.733, h-index: 28)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.488, h-index: 11)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 9)
Neural Networks and Learning Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 3.181, h-index: 149)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA J. of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.306, h-index: 35)
Photonics J., IEEE     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 34)
Photovoltaics, IEEE J. of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.968, h-index: 27)
Proceedings of the IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.586, h-index: 205)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 66)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE J. of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.196, h-index: 37)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.726, h-index: 36)
Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 4.784, h-index: 66)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 128)
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 7)
Sustainable Energy, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.646, h-index: 45)
Terahertz Science and Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.079, h-index: 26)
Wireless Communications Letters IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.08, h-index: 21)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 1)

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Journal Cover IEEE Communications Magazine
  [SJR: 3.133]   [H-I: 170]   [70 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 0163-6804
   Published by IEEE Homepage  [191 journals]
  • IEEE Xplore
    • Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • IEEE Sales and Marketing
    • Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • National Instruments
    • Abstract: Advertisement.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Spectrum Enterprise
    • Pages: 3 - 3
      Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Reaching Out to the World
    • Authors: Harvey Freeman;Doug Zuckerman;
      Pages: 4 - 5
      Abstract: Presents the President's message for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Intercloud: Solving Interoperability and Communication in a Cloud of
           Clouds (Frahim, J., et al; 2016) [Book Review]
    • Authors: Piotr Borylo;
      Pages: 6 - 6
      Abstract: The ability to share resources, services, responsibility, and management among cloud providers is the fundamental ssumption from the viewpoint of cloud interoperability. This idea is attracting increasing attention as cloud providers are becoming aware that meeting all customer needs without any cooperation is a demanding task. This book regards the issues of seamless and transparent cloud interoperability. Definitions, architectures, and use cases are provided, along with challenges and threats. The book is divided into nine chapters. The book presents the concepts, needs, advantages, and challenges regarding cloud interoperability. The assumed high level approach will be most suitable for readers responsible for technology assessment and service development. The authors provide business-level concepts, architectures, and data about standardization efforts. However, the covered practical use cases and workflow examples will also be attractive for network and IT managers. Timeliness is also undoubtedly a strong aspect of the book. Two minor drawbacks must be mentioned. The first one regards the organization of the book, and some improvements in this context will make the book more readable. The second issue concerns Chapters 2 and 5, as both could have been improved to be more easily comprehended by readers. Nevertheless, in summary, the book is recommended as a good and up-do-date source of information on cloud interoperability.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Global Communications Newsletter
    • Authors: Stefano Bregni;Sattar B. Sadkhan;Dinko Begusic;Nikola Rozic;Pascal Lorenz;Josko Radic;Petar Solic;Matko Saric;
      Pages: 7 - 10
      Abstract: Presents key events and topics in the global communications industry.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Conference Calendar
    • Pages: 11 - 11
      Abstract: Presents the ComSoc society upcoming calendar of events.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Enabling Mobile and Wireless Technologies for Smart Cities: Part 2
    • Authors: Ejaz Ahmed;Muhammad Imran;Mohsen Guizani;Ammar Rayes;Jaime Lloret;Guangjie Han;Wael Guibene;
      Pages: 12 - 13
      Abstract: The articles in this special section focus on communications technologies for use in smart cities. Due to advancements in communication and computing technologies, smart cities have become the main innovation agenda of research organizations, technology vendors, and governments. To make a city smart, a strong communications infrastructure is required for connecting smart objects, people, and sensors. Smart cities rely on wireless and mobile technologies for providing services such as healthcare assistance, security and safety, real-time traffic monitoring, and managing the environment, to name a few. Such applications have been a main driving force in the development of smart cities. Without the appropriate communication networks, it is really difficult for a city to facilitate its citizens in a sustainable, efficient, and safer manner/environment. Considering the significance of mobile and wireless technologies for realizing the vision of smart cities, there is a need to conduct research to further investigate the standardization efforts and explore different issues/challenges in wireless technologies, mobile computing, and smart environments.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Multi-Tenant Cloud-Based DC Nano Grid for Self-Sustained Smart Buildings
           in Smart Cities
    • Authors: Neeraj Kumar;Athanasios V. Vasilakos;Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues;
      Pages: 14 - 21
      Abstract: Energy is one of the most valuable resources of the modern era and needs to be consumed in an optimized manner by an intelligent usage of various smart devices, which are major sources of energy consumption nowadays. With the popularity of low-voltage DC appliances such as-LEDs, computers, and laptops, there arises a need to design new solutions for self-sustainable smart energy buildings containing these appliances. These smart buildings constitute the next generation smart cities. Keeping focus on these points, this article proposes a cloud-assisted DC nanogrid for self-sustainable smart buildings in next generation smart cities. As there may be a large number of such smart buildings in different smart cities in the near future, a huge amount of data with respect to demand and generation of electricity is expected to be generated from all such buildings. This data would be of heterogeneous types as it would be generated from different types of appliances in these smart buildings. To handle this situation, we have used a cloudbased infrastructure to make intelligent decisions with respect to the energy usage of various appliances. This results in an uninterrupted DC power supply to all low-voltage DC appliances with minimal dependence on the grid. Hence, the extra burden on the main grid in peak hours is reduced as buildings in smart cities would be self-sustainable with respect to their energy demands. In the proposed solution, a collection of smart buildings in a smart city is taken for experimental study controlled by different data centers managed by different utilities. These data centers are used to generate regular alerts on the excessive usage of energy from the end users' appliances. All such data centers across different smart cities are connected to the cloud-based infrastructure, which is the overall manager for making all the decisions about energy automation in smart cities. The efficacy of the proposed scheme is evaluated with respect to various pe-formance evaluation metrics such as satisfaction ratio, delay incurred, overhead generated, and demand-supply gap. With respect to these metrics, the performance of the proposed scheme is found to be good for implementation in a realworld scenario.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • UAV-Enabled Intelligent Transportation Systems for the Smart City:
           Applications and Challenges
    • Authors: Hamid Menouar;Ismail Guvenc;Kemal Akkaya;A. Selcuk Uluagac;Abdullah Kadri;Adem Tuncer;
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: There could be no smart city without a reliable and efficient transportation system. This necessity makes the ITS a key component of any smart city concept. While legacy ITS technologies are deployed worldwide in smart cities, enabling the next generation of ITS relies on effective integration of connected and autonomous vehicles, the two technologies that are under wide field testing in many cities around the world. Even though these two emerging technologies are crucial in enabling fully automated transportation systems, there is still a significant need to automate other road and transportation components. To this end, due to their mobility, autonomous operation, and communication/processing capabilities, UAVs are envisaged in many ITS application domains. This article describes the possible ITS applications that can use UAVs, and highlights the potential and challenges for UAV-enabled ITS for next-generation smart cities.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • IEEE ComSoc Membership
    • Pages: 29 - 29
      Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Unified Urban Mobile Cloud Computing Offloading Mechanism for Smart
           Cities
    • Authors: Daniela Mazza;Daniele Tarchi;Giovanni E. Corazza;
      Pages: 30 - 37
      Abstract: The increasing urbanization level of the world population has driven the development of a smart city geographic system, conceived as a fully connected wide area characterized by the presence of a multitude of smart devices, sensors, and processing nodes aimed at distributing intelligence into the city. At the same time, the pervasiveness of wireless technologies has led to the presence of heterogeneous networks, operating simultaneously in the same city area. One of the main challenges in this context is to provide sustainable solutions able to jointly optimize the data transfer, exploiting heterogeneous networks, and the data processing, exploiting heterogeneous devices, for managing smart city applications for citizens' communities. In this article, the UMCC framework is developed, introducing a mobile cloud computing model describing the flows of data and operations taking place in the smart city. In particular, we focus on the proposal of a unified offloading mechanism where communication and computing resources are jointly managed, allowing load balancing among the different entities in the environment, delegating both communication and computation tasks in order to satisfy the smart city application requirements. This allows us to cope with the limited battery power and computation capacity of smart mobile devices and plays a key role in a smart environment where wireless communication is of utmost relevance, particularly in the mobility and traffic control domains.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Mobile Edge Computing Potential in Making Cities Smarter
    • Authors: Tarik Taleb;Sunny Dutta;Adlen Ksentini;Muddesar Iqbal;Hannu Flinck;
      Pages: 38 - 43
      Abstract: This article proposes an approach to enhance users' experience of video streaming in the context of smart cities. The proposed approach relies on the concept of MEC as a key factor in enhancing QoS. It sustains QoS by ensuring that applications/services follow the mobility of users, realizing the "Follow Me Edge" concept. The proposed scheme enforces an autonomic creation of MEC services to allow anywhere anytime data access with optimum QoE and reduced latency. Considering its application in smart city scenarios, the proposed scheme represents an important solution for reducing core network traffic and ensuring ultra-short latency through a smart MEC architecture capable of achieving the 1 ms latency dream for the upcoming 5G mobile systems.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • 5G Converged Cell-Less Communications in Smart Cities
    • Authors: Tao Han;Xiaohu Ge;Lijun Wang;Kyung Sup Kwak;Yujie Han;Xiong Liu;
      Pages: 44 - 50
      Abstract: Ubiquitous information service converged by different types of heterogeneous networks is one of fundamental functions for smart cities. Considering the deployment of 5G ultra-dense wireless networks, 5G converged cell-less communication networks are proposed to support mobile terminals in smart cities. To break obstacles of heterogeneous wireless networks, the 5G converged cell-less communication network is vertically converged in different tiers of heterogeneous wireless networks and horizontally converged in celled architectures of base stations/ access points. Moreover, the software defined network controllers are configured to manage the traffic scheduling and resource allocation in 5G converged cell-less communication networks. Simulation results indicate the coverage probability and the energy saving at both base stations and mobile terminals are improved by the cooperative grouping scheme in 5G converged cell-less communication networks.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Cybersecurity and Privacy Solutions in Smart Cities
    • Authors: Rida Khatoun;Sherali Zeadally;
      Pages: 51 - 59
      Abstract: The increasing proliferation and deployment of ICT in the infrastructure of cities has increased interest in smart cities. The long-term objective of a smart city is to enhance the quality of services provided to citizens and ultimately improve their quality of life. However, incorporating ICT opens up various security and privacy issues in smart cities, along with the people living in them. We briefly present the fundamental design concepts of a smart city and review recent smart city initiatives and projects. After identifying several security vulnerabilities and privacy issues within the context of smart cities that must be addressed, we then discuss various privacy and security solutions, recommendations, and standards for smart cities and their services.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Sustainable Incentive Mechanisms for Mobile Crowdsensing: Part 1
    • Authors: Linghe Kong;Kui Ren;Muhammad Khurram Khan;Qi Li;Ammar Rayes;Merouane Debbah;Yuichi Nakamura;
      Pages: 60 - 61
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Congestion-Aware Communication Paradigm for Sustainable Dense Mobile
           Crowdsensing
    • Authors: Wen Sun;Jiajia Liu;
      Pages: 62 - 67
      Abstract: Mobile crowdsensing, as an emerging sensing paradigm, relies significantly on wireless communication networks to provide QoS guaranteed data transmission among smartphone users on phenomena of common interest. The explosively growing number and varieties of smartphones impose heavy burdens on the communication infrastructures of mobile crowdsensing. The communication performance of crowdsensing may deteriorate in some high-density areas due to the overwhelming communication requests, while the wireless bandwidth in other areas may not be fully utilized with sporadic and infrequent communication requests. Therefore, it is of great necessity to consider the imbalanced utilization of wireless resources in the design of a communication paradigm in mobile crowdsensing to meet the stringent QoS requirements. To this end, in this article we propose a congestion-aware communication paradigm for sustainable dense mobile crowdsensing in order to achieve efficient load balancing and reliable communication in mobile crowdsensing.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Sustainable Incentives for Mobile Crowdsensing: Auctions, Lotteries, and
           Trust and Reputation Systems
    • Authors: Tie Luo;Salil S. Kanhere;Jianwei Huang;Sajal K. Das;Fan Wu;
      Pages: 68 - 74
      Abstract: Proper incentive mechanisms are critical for mobile crowdsensing systems to motivate people to actively and persistently participate. This article provides an exposition of design principles of six incentive mechanisms, drawing special attention to the sustainability issue. We cover three primary classes of incentive mechanisms: auctions, lotteries, and trust and reputation systems, as well as three other frameworks of promising potential: bargaining games, contract theory, and market- driven mechanisms.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • IEEE GLOBECOM
    • Pages: 75 - 75
      Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Location-Based Mobile Crowdsensing Framework Supporting a Massive Ad Hoc
           Social Network Environment
    • Authors: Md. Abdur Rahman;M. Shamim Hossain;
      Pages: 76 - 85
      Abstract: This article addresses one of the key challenges of engaging a massive ad hoc crowd by providing sustainable incentives. The incentive model is based on a context-aware cyber-physical spatio-temporal serious game with the help of a mobile crowd sensing mechanism. To this end, this article describes a framework that can create an ad hoc social network of millions of people and provide context-aware serious-game services as an incentive. While interacting with different services, the massive crowd shares a rich trail of geo-tagged multimedia data, which acts as a crowdsourcing eco-system. The incentive model has been tested on the mass crowd at the Hajj since 2014. From our observations, we conclude that the framework provides a sustainable incentive mechanism that can solve many real-life problems such as reaching a person in a crowd within the shortest possible time, isolating significant events, finding lost individuals, handling emergency situations, helping pilgrims to perform ritual events based on location and time, and sharing geo-tagged multimedia resources among a community of interest within the crowd. The framework allows an ad hoc social network to be formed within a very large crowd, a community of interests to be created for each person, and information to be shared with the right community of interests. We present the communication paradigm of the framework, the serious game incentive model, and cloud-based massive geo-tagged social network architecture.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Promoting Cooperation by the Social Incentive Mechanism in Mobile
           Crowdsensing
    • Authors: Guang Yang;Shibo He;Zhiguo Shi;Jiming Chen;
      Pages: 86 - 92
      Abstract: An incentive mechanism is important for mobile crowdsensing to recruit sufficient participants to complete large-scale sensing tasks with high quality. Previous incentive mechanisms have focused on quantifying participants' contribution to the quality of sensing and provide incentives directly to them. In this article, we introduce a novel approach, called the social incentive mechanism, which, surprisingly, incentivizes the social friends of the participants who perform the sensing tasks. The basic idea is to leverage the social ties among participants to promote global cooperation. Since the incentive that a participant receives largely relies on the behaviors of his/her social friends, participants have the motivation to impact their friends' behaviors through their social relationships in order to gain a higher payoff. This approach is applicable to many scenarios where the contributions to the quality of sensing among participants are interdependent, such as data aggregation. We have provided a case study which shows that the social incentive mechanism is more cost-effective than traditional incentive mechanisms.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • HySense: A Hybrid Mobile CrowdSensing Framework for Sensing Opportunities
           Compensation under Dynamic Coverage Constraint
    • Authors: Guangjie Han;Li Liu;Sammy Chan;Ruiyun Yu;Yu Yang;
      Pages: 93 - 99
      Abstract: Mobile crowdsensing is a novel sensing paradigm enabled by the proliferation of mobile devices. Since crowdsensing applications are driven by sufficient users, advanced incentive mechanisms have been designed to enhance users' willingness to participate in sensing tasks. However, incentive mechanisms only provide adequate sensing opportunities on the condition that the available user base is large. If existing users are fewer than the required number of participants, incentive mechanisms will lose efficacy. This article proposes a hybrid framework called HySense to compensate for inadequate sensing opportunities solely provided by incentive mechanisms. Within each sensing cycle, HySense combines mobile devices with static sensor nodes to generate uniformly distributed space-time data under the constraint of field coverage. To balance sensing opportunities among different geographic regions, redundant users are efficiently migrated from densely populated areas to sparsely populated areas. HySense utilizes calibration mode for checking whether the participants' behavior patterns are consistent with the sensing task queue. Therefore, any change caused by unforeseen accidents can be dealt with in advance.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Enhanced C-RAN Using D2D Network
    • Authors: Kazi Mohammed Saidul Huq;Shahid Mumtaz;Jonathan Rodriguez;Paulo Marques;Bismark Okyere;Valerio Frascolla;
      Pages: 100 - 107
      Abstract: With the surge in smartphone sensing, wireless networking, and mobile social networking techniques, mobile crowdsensing (MCS) has become a promising paradigm for 5G networks. An MCS system's service quality heavily depends on the platform, which brings the users under a common cloud with very low delay. Therefore, MCS needs a new platform that brings the best not only from the user's perspective, but also from the operator's perspective. In this article, we propose a novel architecture for MCS by combining two technologies, those being C-RAN and D2D. C-RAN is a promising enabling technology that can at the same time cope with the ever increasing mobile traffic demand and reduce the surging costs experienced by service operators. In spite of the many advantages offered by C-RAN, one of the main concerns for operators is its associated fronthaul delay. To handle such delay, we come across this D2D solution in C-RAN networks. D2D is adopted as an effective candidate for very low delay between links and has already provided evidence of its potential for novel business opportunities. This article shows, together with standardization aspects, how combining C-RAN and D2D technologies can help to solve the delay issue and fulfill most of the targets specified for 5G networks in terms of delay, capacity, energy efficiency, mobility, and cost.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Internet of Things: Part 3
    • Authors: Christos Verikoukis;Roberto Minerva;Mohsen Guizani;Soumya Kanti Datta;Yen-Kuang Chen;Hausi A. Muller;
      Pages: 108 - 109
      Abstract: The articles in this special section address new applications supported by the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things (IoT) is seen as a set of vertical application domains that share a limited number of common basic functionalities. In this view, consumer-centric solutions, platforms, data management, and business models have to be developed and consolidated in order to deploy effective solutions in the specific fields. The availability of low-cost general-purpose processing and storage systems with sensing/actuation capabilities coupled with communication capabilities are broadening the possibilities of IoT, leading to open systems that will be highly programmable and virtualized, and will support large numbers of application programming interfaces (APIs). IoT emerges as a set of integrated technologies — new, exciting solutions and services that are set to change the way people live and produce goods. IoT is regarded by many as a fruitful technological sector in order to generate revenues. IoT covers a large wealth of consumer-centric technologies and is applicable to an even larger set of application domains. Innovation will be nurtured and driven by the possibilities offered by the combination of increased technological capabilities, new business models, and the rise of new ecosystems. Addresses several promising approaches to sensors, actuators, and new consumer devices.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Trust Cloud Model for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks
    • Authors: Jinfang Jiang;Guangjie Han;Chunsheng Zhu;Sammy Chan;Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues;
      Pages: 110 - 116
      Abstract: Nowadays, the study of underwater WSNs (UWSNs) has become a hot topic. However, UWSNs have not been fully utilized in the complex underwater environment, since there are some difficulties in controlling mobile sensor nodes and underwater environment conditions. In addition, how to ensure the security of UWSNs and the safety of underwater mobile sensor nodes has not been solved well. In this article, we study the problem of trust establishment between nodes in UWSNs. We first give a detailed overview of existing trust management mechanisms. Since UWSNs possess specific characteristics, it is noted that those existing mechanisms are not applicable for UWSNs. We then introduce a trust cloud model that is suitable for trust management in UWSNs.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Primer on 3GPP Narrowband Internet of Things
    • Authors: Y.-P. Eric Wang;Xingqin Lin;Ansuman Adhikary;Asbjorn Grovlen;Yutao Sui;Yufei Blankenship;Johan Bergman;Hazhir S. Razaghi;
      Pages: 117 - 123
      Abstract: Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is a new cellular technology introduced in 3GPP Release 13 for providing wide-area coverage for IoT. This article provides an overview of the air interface of NB-IoT. We describe how NB-IoT addresses key IoT requirements such as deployment flexibility, low device complexity, long battery lifetime, support of massive numbers of devices in a cell, and significant coverage extension beyond existing cellular technologies. We also share the various design rationales during the standardization of NB-IoT in Release 13 and point out several open areas for future evolution of NB-IoT.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Random Access Procedure in Long Term Evolution Networks for the
           Internet of Things
    • Authors: Tiago P. C. de Andrade;Carlos A. Astudillo;Luiz R. Sekijima;Nelson L. S. da Fonseca;
      Pages: 124 - 131
      Abstract: Network connectivity is a key issue in the realization of IoT, and LTE cellular technology is the most promising option for the provisioning of such connectivity. However, in LTE networks, a large number of IoT devices trying to access the medium can overload the RAN. In this article, we review the LTE random access procedure and its support for IoT applications. We also assess the performance of the RAN overload control schemes proposed by 3GPP, taking into consideration the interaction between the random access procedure and packet downlink control channel resource allocation.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Wrong Siren! A Location Spoofing Attack on Indoor Positioning Systems: The
           Starbucks Case Study
    • Authors: Junsung Cho;Jaegwan Yu;Sanghak Oh;Jungwoo Ryoo;JaeSeung Song;Hyoungshick Kim;
      Pages: 132 - 137
      Abstract: The Internet of Things interconnects a mass of billions devices, from smartphones to cars, to provide convenient services to people. This gives immediate access to various data about the objects and the environmental context -- leading to smart services and increased efficiency. A number of retail stores have started to adopt IoT enabled services to attract customers. In particular, thanks to indoor proximity technologies, it is possible to introduce location-based smart services to customers, for example, transmitting identifiable signals that represent the locations of stores. In this article, we investigate a potential security risk involved in such technologies: physical signals used as identifiers can be captured and forged easily with today's widely available IoT software for implementing location spoofing attacks. We highlight this security risk by providing a case study: an in-depth security analysis of the recently launched Starbucks service called Siren Order.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • First Mile Challenges for Large-Scale IoT
    • Authors: Ahmed Bader;Hesham ElSawy;Mohammad Gharbieh;Mohamed-Slim Alouini;Abdulkareem Adinoyi;Furaih Alshaalan;
      Pages: 138 - 144
      Abstract: The Internet of Things is large-scale by nature. This is not only manifested by the large number of connected devices, but also by the sheer scale of spatial traffic intensity that must be accommodated, primarily in the uplink direction. To that end, cellular networks are indeed a strong first mile candidate to accommodate the data tsunami to be generated by the IoT. However, IoT devices are required in the cellular paradigm to undergo random access procedures as a precursor to resource allocation. Such procedures impose a major bottleneck that hinders cellular networks' ability to support large-scale IoT. In this article, we shed light on the random access dilemma and present a case study based on experimental data as well as system-level simulations. Accordingly, a case is built for the latent need to revisit random access procedures. A call for action is motivated by listing a few potential remedies and recommendations.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • IEEE WCET
    • Pages: 145 - 145
      Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Community-Driven Access Control Approach in Distributed IoT Environments
    • Authors: Dina Hussein;Emmanuel Bertin;Vincent Frey;
      Pages: 146 - 153
      Abstract: The distributed Internet of Things is emerging in the literature as a new paradigm for IoT where remotely controlled smart objects can act on their own to sense/actuate, store, and interpret information either created by them or within the surrounding environment. This paradigm calls for novel security and access control mechanisms to enable smart objects with various resource limitations to evaluate a claimed access right from external entities without relying on central authorization systems. This article proposes utilizing a community-based structure to define the notion of access rights in a distributed IoT environment. With this structure, within a given community of smart objects sharing a common mission, access rights are to be evaluated based on the community norms by smart objects with sufficient resources on behalf of those with resource limitations. A novel, community-driven, access control framework is proposed in addition to a prototype to demonstrate access control granting in a user-friendly manner.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Network Testing and Analytics
    • Authors: Ying-Dar Lin;Erica Johnson;Irena Atov;
      Pages: 154 - 155
      Abstract: Network testing could have a wide spectrum. It is not confined to lab testing with all configurations preset and all results easily reproducible. It could go to field testing with a much larger and even operational network as the testbed. This could also be hybrid testing with parts of the testbed being real and the other parts being emulated or even simulated. Although testers are usually limited to a few engineers or researchers, they could also be crowdsourced volunteers who are ordinary users. As we have expanded our series to include analytics, we are encouraging analytics-based network testing that mines more data and observations from the operational network. After all, if no interesting and useful insights can be found in the test results, network testing and its methodology are not effective enough for the developers of protocols and algorithms.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • From LTE to 5G for Connected Mobility
    • Authors: Mads Lauridsen;Lucas Chavarria Gimenez;Ignacio Rodriguez;Troels B. Sorensen;Preben Mogensen;
      Pages: 156 - 162
      Abstract: Long Term Evolution, the fourth generation of mobile communication technology, has been commercially deployed for about five years. Even though it is continuously updated through new releases, and with LTE Advanced Pro Release 13 being the latest one, the development of the fifth generation has been initiated. In this article, we measure how current LTE network implementations perform in comparison with the initial LTE requirements. The target is to identify certain key performance indicators that have suboptimal implementations and therefore lend themselves to careful consideration when designing and standardizing next generation wireless technology. Specifically, we analyze user and control plane latency, handover execution time, and coverage, which are critical parameters for connected mobility use cases such as road vehicle safety and efficiency. We study the latency, handover execution time, and coverage of four operational LTE networks based on 19,000 km of drive tests covering a mixture of rural, suburban, and urban environments. The measurements have been collected using commercial radio network scanners and measurement smartphones. Even though LTE has low air interface delays, the measurements reveal that core network delays compromise the overall round-trip time design requirement. LTE's breakbefore- make handover implementation causes a data interruption at each handover of 40 ms at the median level. While this is in compliance with the LTE requirements, and lower values are certainly possible, it is also clear that break-before-make will not be sufficient for connected mobility use cases such as road vehicle safety. Furthermore, the measurements reveal that LTE can provide coverage for 99 percent of the outdoor and road users, but the LTE-M or NarrowBand-IoT upgrades, as of LTE Release 13, are required in combination with other measures to allow for additional penetration losses, such as those experienced in underground parking lots. Based on the obser-ed discrepancies between measured and standardized LTE performance, in terms of latency, handover execution time, and coverage, we conclude the article with a discussion of techniques that need careful consideration for connected mobility in fifth generation mobile communication technology.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Traffic Analysis with Off-the-Shelf Hardware: Challenges and Lessons
           Learned
    • Authors: Martino Trevisan;Alessandro Finamore;Marco Mellia;Maurizio Munafo;Dario Rossi;
      Pages: 163 - 169
      Abstract: In recent years, the progress in both hardware and software allows user-space applications to capture packets at 10 Gb/s line rate or more, with cheap COTS hardware. However, processing packets at such rates with software is still far from being trivial. In the literature, this challenge has been extensively studied for network intrusion detection systems, where per-packet operations are easy to parallelize with support of hardware acceleration. Conversely, the scalability of statistical traffic analyzers (STAs) is intrinsically complicated by the need to track per-flow state to collect statistics. This challenge has received less attention so far, and it is the focus of this work. We present and discuss design choices to enable a STA to collects hundreds of per-flow metrics at a multi-10-Gb/s line rate. We leverage a handful of hardware advancements proposed over the last years (e.g., RSS queues, NUMA architecture), and we provide insights on the trade-offs they imply when combined with state-of-the-art packet capture libraries and the multi-process paradigm. We outline the principles to design an optimized STA, and we implement them to engineer DPDKStat, a solution combining the Intel DPDK framework with the traffic analyzer Tstat. Using traces collected from real networks, we demonstrate that DPDKStat achieves 40 Gb/s of aggregated rate with a single COTS PC.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Load-Stress Test of Massive Handovers for LTE Two-Hop Architecture in
           High-Speed Trains
    • Authors: Ali Parichehreh;Umberto Spagnolini;Paolo Marini;Alberto Fontana;
      Pages: 170 - 177
      Abstract: Load-stress test is the experimental performance analysis in extreme traffic and density conditions, routinely required to validate any innovative radio access solution. This article focuses on load-stress test specifically designed for the two-hop architecture that enables the onboard connectivity in HSTs. The load-stress condition of train-to-infrastructure communication for a massive number of onboard UEs is very challenging, as it needs to account for extreme conditions and a complex testing environment. The load-stress method proposed in this article is for a ground network supporting onboard wireless connectivity in HSTs, and is validated for commercial eNBs from LTE cellular networks (Rel-11). The in-lab experimental setup is arranged by virtualizing multiple eNBs serving multiple cells, arranged sequentially along a line to simulate the HST track with a massive number of active onboard UEs. The focus of the experimental load-stress test is the analysis of the impact of Doppler shift and interruptions caused by the frequent HOs of multiple consecutive groups of UEs deployed in HST carriages at the speed of 300 km/h. The HO interruption time is characterized statistically based on the number of active UEe. The consequent impairments on the experienced QoS for high-throughput and low-latency services such as FTP and VoLTE are verified. This article validates experimentally the traffic and HO latency improvements (approximately threefold) in a multi-cell access scheme when the coverage of every single carriage is augmented by fixed directional antennas to offload UEs toward far-away eNBs along the train track.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • NATwatcher: Profiling NATs in the Wild
    • Authors: Anna Maria Mandalari;Miguel Angel Diaz Bautista;Francisco Valera;Marcelo Bagnulo;
      Pages: 178 - 185
      Abstract: NATs are commonplace in the Internet nowadays. It is fair to say that most residential and mobile users are connected to the Internet through one or more NATs. As with any other technology, NAT presents upsides and downsides. Probably the most acknowledged downside of the NAT technology is that it introduces additional difficulties for some applications such as peer-to-peer applications, gaming, and others to function properly. This is partially due to the nature of the NAT technology but also due to the diversity of behaviors of the different NAT implementations deployed in the Internet. Understanding the properties of the currently deployed NAT base provides useful input for application and protocol developers regarding what to expect when deploying new applications in the Internet. The goal of this article is to identify common NAT profiles in order to provide an overview of the current behavior of NATs. We develop NATwatcher, a tool to test NAT boxes using a crowdsourcing- based measurement methodology. We perform a large measurement campaign using NATwatcher recruiting over 700 users, from 65 different countries and 280 ISPs. We present the results after testing and profiling NAT products from over 120 vendors.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Radio Communications: Components, Systems and Networks
    • Authors: Amitabh Mishra;Tom Alexander;
      Pages: 186 - 186
      Abstract: Wireless communications cover a wide range of fields and engage engineers from a broad array of disciplines. In keeping with this tradition, the three papers in this issue cover the gamut of wireless protocol layers – all the way from physical to the application layer.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Enabling Technologies toward Fully LTE-Compatible Full-Duplex Radio
    • Authors: Gosan Noh;Hanho Wang;Changyong Shin;Seunghyeon Kim;Youngil Jeon;Hyunchol Shin;Jinup Kim;Ilgyu Kim;
      Pages: 188 - 195
      Abstract: Full-duplex radio has potential to double spectral efficiency by simultaneously transmitting and receiving signals in the same frequency band, but at the expense of additional hardware and power consumption for self-interference cancellation. Hence, the deployment of a full-duplex cellular network can be realized by employing full-duplex functionality only at an eNodeB, which is supposed to have sufficient computation and power resources, and by scheduling pairs of half-duplex UEs that are in either downlink or uplink. By doing so, fast and smooth full-duplex deployment is possible while minimally affecting the legacy UEs and the rest of the network entities. In this article, we provide technical challenges and solutions for an LTE-compatible full-duplex cellular network, featuring wideband and wide dynamic range support for RF self-interference cancellation, and robust and efficient self-interference channel estimation for digital self-interference cancellation. Based on a realistic LTE-based cellular model, our full-duplex radio design is evaluated through system-level simulations and real-world testbed experiments. Simulation results show that a significant throughput gain can be achieved by the full-duplex technique despite the existence of physical limiting factors such as path loss, fading, and other-cell interference. Testbed measurements reveal that at a bandwidth of 20 MHz, self-interference cancellation up to 37 dB is achieved in the RF domain, and most of the residual self-interference is further cancelled down to the noise floor in the subsequent digital domain.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Achieving Ultra-Low Latency in 5G Millimeter Wave Cellular Networks
    • Authors: Russell Ford;Menglei Zhang;Marco Mezzavilla;Sourjya Dutta;Sundeep Rangan;Michele Zorzi;
      Pages: 196 - 203
      Abstract: The IMT 2020 requirements of 20 Gb/s peak data rate and 1 ms latency present significant engineering challenges for the design of 5G cellular systems. Systems that make use of the mmWave bands above 10 GHz ---where large regions of spectrum are available --- are a promising 5G candidate that may be able to rise to the occasion. However, although the mmWave bands can support massive peak data rates, delivering these data rates for end-to-end services while maintaining reliability and ultra-low-latency performance to support emerging applications and use cases will require rethinking all layers of the protocol stack. This article surveys some of the challenges and possible solutions for delivering end-to-end, reliable, ultra-low-latency services in mmWave cellular systems in terms of the MAC layer, congestion control, and core network architecture.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Opportunities and Challenges of Trip Generation Data Collection Techniques
           Using Cellular Networks
    • Authors: Iva Bojic;Yuji Yoshimura;Carlo Ratti;
      Pages: 204 - 209
      Abstract: We are witnessing how urban areas are reclaiming road space, before devoted exclusively to cars, for pedestrians. With the increase of pedestrian activity, we need to update our existing transportation forecasting models by focusing more on people walking. The first step of extending the current models is to start with collecting information on pedestrians needed for the trip generation phase. This article discusses opportunities and limitations of tracking pedestrian activity by utilizing information provided by cellular networks. In order to track people, regardless of the underlying wireless media, two qualifications must be met: first, unique and anonymous identification, and second, geospatial visibility through time. While the latter requirement can be achieved with techniques that are similar for different wireless media, how to uniquely identify a pedestrian using a cellular network is domain-specific. We show that tracking of pedestrians using cellular networks can be done not only without their constant active participation, but also without disrupting normal cellular service. However, although this method is technically feasible, one should be very careful when wanting to implement it by keeping in mind a very important thing: how to protect people's privacy.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Novel SDN-Based Architecture to Provide Synchronization as a Service in
           5G Scenarios
    • Authors: Stefano Ruffini;Paola Iovanna;Mats Forsman;Tomas Thyni;
      Pages: 210 - 216
      Abstract: Moving toward 5G, network synchronization is expected to play a key role in the successful deployment of the new mobile communication networks. This article presents an application of SDN (software defined networking) and NFV (network function virtualization) principles to the network synchronization area, making it possible to offer synchronization as a service. The approach is based on defining a harmonization layer that orchestrates radio and heterogeneous transport domains by means of a suitable subset of abstracted information exchanged among the domains, and by making use of virtualized synchronization functions.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • An SDN/NFV-Enabled Enterprise Network Architecture Offering Fine-Grained
           Security Policy Enforcement
    • Authors: Claas Lorenz;David Hock;Johann Scherer;Raphael Durner;Wolfgang Kellerer;Steffen Gebert;Nicholas Gray;Thomas Zinner;Phuoc Tran-Gia;
      Pages: 217 - 223
      Abstract: In recent years, the number of attacks and threat vectors against enterprise networks have been constantly increasing in numbers and variety. Despite these attacks, the main security systems, for example network firewalls, have remained rather unchanged. In addition, new challenges arise not only to the level of provided security, but also to the scalability and manageability of the deployed countermeasures such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems. Due to the tight integration into the physical network's infrastructure, a dynamic resource allocation to adapt the security measures to the current network conditions is a difficult undertaking. This article covers different architectural design patterns for the integration of SDN/NFV-based security solutions into enterprise networks.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Advertisers' Index
    • Pages: 224 - 224
      Abstract: Presents an index of advertises who were included in this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: March 2017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
 
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