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Journal Cover Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0161-4754
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3039 journals]
  • Non–Weight-Bearing and Weight-Bearing Ultrasonography of Select Foot
           Muscles in Young, Asymptomatic Participants: A Descriptive and Reliability
           Study
    • Authors: Patrick J. Battaglia; Ross Mattox; Brett Winchester; Norman W. Kettner
      Pages: 655 - 661
      Abstract: Publication date: November–December 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 39, Issue 9
      Author(s): Patrick J. Battaglia, Ross Mattox, Brett Winchester, Norman W. Kettner
      Objective The primary aim of this study was to determine the reliability of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for select intrinsic foot muscles using both non–weight-bearing and weight-bearing postures. Our secondary aim was to describe the change in muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and dorsoplantar thickness when bearing weight. Methods An ultrasound examination was performed with a linear ultrasound transducer operating between 9 and 12 MHz. Long-axis and short-axis ultrasound images of the abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, and quadratus plantae were obtained in both the non–weight-bearing and weight-bearing postures. Two examiners independently collected ultrasound images to allow for interexaminer and intraexaminer reliability calculation. The change in muscle CSA and dorsoplantar thickness when bearing weight was also studied. Results There were 26 participants (17 female) with a mean age of 25.5 ± 3.8 years and a mean body mass index of 28.0 ± 7.8 kg/m2. Inter-examiner reliability was excellent when measuring the muscles in short axis (intraclass correlation coefficient >0.75) and fair to good in long axis (intraclass correlation coefficient >0.4). Intraexaminer reliability was excellent for the abductor hallucis and flexor digitorum brevis and ranged from fair to good to excellent for the quadratus plantae. Bearing weight did not reduce interexaminer or intraexaminer reliability. All muscles exhibited a significant increase in CSA when bearing weight. Conclusions This is the first report to describe weight-bearing diagnostic ultrasound of the intrinsic foot muscles. Ultrasound imaging is reliable when imaging these muscles bearing weight. Furthermore, muscle CSA increases in the weight-bearing posture.

      PubDate: 2016-11-26T03:10:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.10.001
       
  • The Treatment of Neck Pain–Associated Disorders and Whiplash-Associated
           Disorders: A Clinical Practice Guideline
    • Authors: André E. Bussières; Gregory Stewart; Fadi Al-Zoubi; Philip Decina; Martin Descarreaux; Jill Hayden; Brenda Hendrickson; Cesar Hincapié; Isabelle Pagé; Steven Passmore; John Srbely; Maja Stupar; Joel Weisberg; Joseph Ornelas
      Pages: 523 - 564.e27
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 39, Issue 8
      Author(s): André E. Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Jill Hayden, Brenda Hendrickson, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
      Objective The objective was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of neck pain–associated disorders (NADs) and whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). This guideline replaces 2 prior chiropractic guidelines on NADs and WADs. Methods Pertinent systematic reviews on 6 topic areas (education, multimodal care, exercise, work disability, manual therapy, passive modalities) were assessed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and data extracted from admissible randomized controlled trials. We incorporated risk of bias scores in the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation. Evidence profiles were used to summarize judgments of the evidence quality, detail relative and absolute effects, and link recommendations to the supporting evidence. The guideline panel considered the balance of desirable and undesirable consequences. Consensus was achieved using a modified Delphi. The guideline was peer reviewed by a 10-member multidisciplinary (medical and chiropractic) external committee. Results For recent-onset (0-3 months) neck pain, we suggest offering multimodal care; manipulation or mobilization; range-of-motion home exercise, or multimodal manual therapy (for grades I-II NAD); supervised graded strengthening exercise (grade III NAD); and multimodal care (grade III WAD). For persistent (>3 months) neck pain, we suggest offering multimodal care or stress self-management; manipulation with soft tissue therapy; high-dose massage; supervised group exercise; supervised yoga; supervised strengthening exercises or home exercises (grades I-II NAD); multimodal care or practitioner’s advice (grades I-III NAD); and supervised exercise with advice or advice alone (grades I-II WAD). For workers with persistent neck and shoulder pain, evidence supports mixed supervised and unsupervised high-intensity strength training or advice alone (grades I-III NAD). Conclusions A multimodal approach including manual therapy, self-management advice, and exercise is an effective treatment strategy for both recent-onset and persistent neck pain.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.08.007
       
  • Low Back Pain Prevalence and Related Workplace Psychosocial Risk Factors:
           A Study Using Data From the 2010 National Health Interview Survey
    • Authors: Haiou Yang; Scott Haldeman; Ming-Lun Lu; Dean Baker
      Pages: 459 - 472
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Haiou Yang, Scott Haldeman, Ming-Lun Lu, Dean Baker
      Objectives The objectives of this study were to estimate prevalence of low back pain, to investigate associations between low back pain and a set of emerging workplace risk factors, and to identify worker groups with an increased vulnerability for low back pain in the United States. Methods The data used for this cross-sectional study came from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey, which was designed to collect data on health conditions and related risk factors from the US civilian population. The variance estimation method was used to compute weighted data for prevalence of low back pain. Multivariable logistic regression analyses stratified by sex and age were performed to determine the odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) for low back pain. The examined work-related psychosocial risk factors included work-family imbalance, exposure to a hostile work environment, and job insecurity. Work hours, occupation, and other work organizational factors (nonstandard work arrangements and alternative shifts) were also examined. Results The prevalence of self-reported low back pain in the previous 3 months among workers in the United States was 25.7% in 2010. Female or older workers were at increased risk of experiencing low back pain. We found significant associations between low back pain and a set of psychosocial factors, including work-family imbalance (OR 1.27, CI 1.15-1.41), exposure to hostile work (OR 1.39, CI 1.25-1.55), and job insecurity (OR 1.44, CI 1.24-1.67), while controlling for demographic characteristics and other health-related factors. Older workers who had nonstandard work arrangements were more likely to report low back pain. Women who worked 41 to 45 hours per week and younger workers who worked >60 hours per week had an increased risk for low back pain. Workers from several occupation groups, including male health care practitioners, female and younger health care support workers, and female farming, fishing, and forestry workers, had an increased risk of low back pain. Conclusions This study linked low back pain to work-family imbalance, exposure to a hostile work environment, job insecurity, long work hours, and certain occupation groups. These factors should be considered by employers, policymakers, and health care practitioners who are concerned about the impact of low back pain in workers.

      PubDate: 2016-08-28T06:17:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.004
       
  • Sensorimotor Control Impairment in Young Adults With Idiopathic Scoliosis
           Compared With Healthy Controls
    • Authors: Jean-Philippe Pialasse; Pierre Mercier; Martin Descarreaux; Martin Simoneau
      Pages: 473 - 479
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Jean-Philippe Pialasse, Pierre Mercier, Martin Descarreaux, Martin Simoneau
      Objective It has been hypothesized that the impaired sensorimotor control observed in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) may be related more to the onset of scoliosis than to the maturation of sensory systems or sensorimotor control mechanisms. The objective of this study was to assess sensorimotor control in adults diagnosed with IS in adolescence versus healthy controls. Methods The study included 20 young adults 20 to 24 years of age (10 healthy controls and 10 diagnosed with adolescent IS but not treated for it). Binaural bipolar galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) was delivered to assess sensorimotor control. Vertical forces under each foot and upper body kinematics along the frontal plane were measured before GVS (2-second window), during GVS (2-second window), immediately after the cessation of GVS (1-second window), and during the following 2 seconds. Balance control was assessed by calculating the root mean square values of vertical forces and upper body kinematics. Results Compared with healthy controls, the IS group showed greater body sway upon GVS; the amplitude of this sway was even greater immediately after the cessation of GVS—an outcome requiring sensorimotor control. Conclusion Compared with normal controls, adults who had been diagnosed with IS in adolescence showed altered balance control immediately following GVS. This finding suggests that dysfunctional sensorimotor control may be related to the onset of scoliosis rather than to a transient suboptimal development of the sensory systems or sensorimotor control mechanisms.

      PubDate: 2016-08-18T05:48:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.06.001
       
  • Cervical Facet Joint Imaging-Guided Injections: A Comparison of Outcomes
           in Patients Referred Based on Imaging Findings vs Palpation for Pain
    • Authors: Yann Le Clec’h; Cynthia K. Peterson; Florian Brunner; Christian W.A. Pfirrmann
      Pages: 480 - 486
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Yann Le Clec’h, Cynthia K. Peterson, Florian Brunner, Christian W.A. Pfirrmann
      Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes of patients referred for cervical facet joint injections by either a medical doctor (MD) primarily basing the selection of facet levels on structural changes found on imaging vs a doctor of chiropractic (DC) selecting the levels for injection based on palpation for pain. Methods This was a prospective cohort outcome study including 121 consecutive patients receiving cervical facet injections with completed outcomes questionnaires. Medical doctors referred 91 patients and DCs referred 30 patients. Baseline pain numerical rating scale (NRS) data were collected. Outcomes collected at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after injection included NRS pain levels and overall “improvement” using the Patient Global Impression of Change scale (primary outcome). The responses “much better” and “better” were considered “improved.” The proportion improved was compared between the 2 groups using the χ2 test. NRS change scores for the 2 groups were compared using the unpaired t test. Results At 1 day, “improvement” was reported in 44.8% of DC-and 29.7% of MD-referred patients (P = .17). At 1 week, 37.9% of DC-and 21.3% of MD-referred patients reported improvement (P = .03). At 1 month, 50.0% of DC-and 31.0% of MD-referred patients reported improvement (P = .1). Conclusions A greater proportion of DC-referred patients (injection level based on palpation for pain) reported “improvement” at all follow-up time points. This finding reached statistical significance at 1 week. These findings may be because DCs use palpation for pain to determine injection level whereas MDs rely more on imaging findings. The results suggest that the reported moderate results of facet injections partially may be due to the inaccurate selection of the spinal level treated.

      PubDate: 2016-08-14T05:33:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.06.004
       
  • Attitudes and Opinions of Doctors of Chiropractic Specializing in
           Pediatric Care Toward Patient Safety: A Cross-sectional Survey
    • Authors: Katherine A. Pohlman; Linda Carroll; Lisa Hartling; Ross Tsuyuki; Sunita Vohra
      Pages: 487 - 493
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Katherine A. Pohlman, Linda Carroll, Lisa Hartling, Ross Tsuyuki, Sunita Vohra
      Objective The purpose of this cross-sectional survey was to evaluate attitudes and opinions of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) specializing in pediatric care toward patient safety. Methods The Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality was adapted for providers who use spinal manipulation therapy and sent out to 2 US chiropractic organizations’ pediatric council members (n = 400) between February and April 2014. The survey measured 12 patient safety dimensions and included questions on patient safety items and quality issues, information exchange, and overall clinic ratings. Data analyses included a percent composite average and a nonrespondent analysis. Results The response rate was 29.5% (n = 118). Almost one- third of respondents’ patients were pediatric (≤17 years of age). DCs with a pediatric certification were 3 times more likely to respond (P < .001), but little qualitative differences were found in responses. The patient safety dimensions with the highest positive composite percentages were Organizational Learning (both administration and clinical) and Teamwork (>90%). Patient Care Tracking/Follow-up and Work Pressure and Pace were patient safety dimensions that had the lowest positive composite scores (<85%). The responses also indicated that there was concern regarding information exchange with insurance/third-party payors. Two quality issues identified for improvement were (1) updating a patient’s medication list and (2) following up on critically abnormal results from a laboratory or imaging test within 1 day. The average overall patient safety rating score indicated that 83% of respondents rated themselves as “very good” or “excellent.” Conclusions Compared with 2014 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality physician referent data from medical offices, pediatric DCs appear to have more positive patient safety attitudes and opinions. Future patient safety studies need to prospectively evaluate safety performance with direct feedback from patients and compare results with these self-assessed safety attitudes, as well as make further use of this survey to develop a comparable database for spinal manipulation providers.

      PubDate: 2016-08-14T05:33:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.06.003
       
  • Cross-cultural Adaptation of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire for the
           French-Canadian Population
    • Authors: Marie-Pier Girard; Andrée-Anne Marchand; Britt Stuge; Stephanie-May Ruchat; Martin Descarreaux
      Pages: 494 - 499
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Marie-Pier Girard, Andrée-Anne Marchand, Britt Stuge, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Martin Descarreaux
      Objective The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) is the only condition-specific tool assessing activity limitations and symptoms for those with pelvic girdle pain (PGP). It is simple to administer and can be used in research and clinical settings during pregnancy and postpartum periods; however, there currently is no version for the French-Canadian population. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the PGQ for the French-Canadian population. Methods The French-Canadian translation and adaptation of the PGQ was completed following a 4-stage approach: (1) forward translation, (2) synthesis, (3) expert committee review, and (4) testing of the prefinal version of the questionnaire. The testing stage was conducted with a cohort of 34 women, aged 18 to 45 years, who experienced PGP over the span of pregnancy or during the first year postpartum. Results The global understanding of the PGP concept was rated as either “Fair” (41.2%) or “Good” (32.4%) by the majority of participants, which led to the consensual decision to add an illustration of the pelvic girdle region to the final version of the French-Canadian PGQ. Only 1 item (“Has your leg/have your legs given way?”) was reported as unclear by 12 participants (35.3%). The expert committee unanimously agreed to add a brief explanation of the term “given way” to the final version to ensure proper understanding of the question. Conclusions The current study yielded a satisfactory French-Canadian translation of the PGQ.

      PubDate: 2016-08-18T05:48:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.06.002
       
  • Mapping the Health Care Policy Landscape for Complementary and Alternative
           Medicine Professions Using Expert Panels and Literature Analysis
    • Authors: Patricia M. Herman; Ian D. Coulter
      Pages: 500 - 509
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Patricia M. Herman, Ian D. Coulter
      Objectives The purpose of this project was to examine the policy implications of politically defining complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) professions by their treatment modalities rather than by their full professional scope. Methods This study used a 2-stage exploratory grounded approach. In stage 1, we identified how CAM is represented (if considered as professions vs modalities) across a purposely sampled diverse set of policy topic domains using exemplars to describe and summarize each. In stage 2 we convened 2 stakeholder panels (12 CAM practitioners and 9 health policymaker representatives), and using the results of stage 1 as a starting point and framing mechanism, we engaged panelists in a discussion of how they each see the dichotomy and its impacts. Our discussion focused on 4 licensed CAM professions: acupuncture and Oriental medicine, chiropractic, naturopathic medicine, and massage. Results Workforce policies affected where and how members of CAM professions could practice. Licensure affected whether a CAM profession was recognized in a state and which modalities were allowed. Complementary and alternative medicine research examined the effectiveness of procedures and modalities and only rarely the effectiveness of care from a particular profession. Treatment guidelines are based on research and also focus on procedures and modalities. Health plan reimbursement policies address which professions are covered and for which procedures/modalities and conditions. Conclusions The policy landscape related to CAM professions and modalities is broad, complex, and interrelated. Although health plan reimbursement tends to receive the majority of attention when CAM health care policy is discussed, it is clear, given the results of our study, that coverage policies cannot be addressed in isolation and that a wide range of stakeholders and social institutions will need to be involved.

      PubDate: 2016-08-18T05:48:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.001
       
  • Reliability and Accuracy of Static Parameters Obtained From Ink and
           Pressure Platform Footprints
    • Authors: Juan Carlos Zuil-Escobar; Carmen Belén Martínez-Cepa; Jose Antonio Martín-Urrialde; Antonia Gómez-Conesa
      Pages: 510 - 517
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Juan Carlos Zuil-Escobar, Carmen Belén Martínez-Cepa, Jose Antonio Martín-Urrialde, Antonia Gómez-Conesa
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and the intrarater reliability of arch angle (AA), Staheli Index (SI), and Chippaux-Smirak Index (CSI) obtained from ink and pressure platform footprints. Methods We obtained AA, SI, and CSI measurements from ink pedigraph footprints and pressure platform footprints in 40 healthy participants (aged 25.65 ± 5.187 years). Intrarater reliability was calculated for all parameters obtained using the 2 methods. Standard error of measurement and minimal detectable change were also calculated. A repeated-measure analysis of variance was used to identify differences between ink and pressure platform footprints. Intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland and Altman plots were used to assess similar parameters obtained using different methods. Results Intrarater reliability was >0.9 for all parameters and was slightly higher for the ink footprints. No statistical difference was reported in repeated-measure analysis of variance for any of the parameters. Intraclass correlation coefficient values from AA, SI, and CSI that were obtained using ink footprints and pressure platform footprints were excellent, ranging from 0.797 to 0.829. However, pressure platform overestimated AA and underestimated SI and CSI. Conclusions Our study revealed that AA, SI, and CSI were similar regardless of whether the ink or pressure platform method was used. In addition, the parameters indicated high intrarater reliability and were reproducible.

      PubDate: 2016-09-01T06:18:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.005
       
  • Handheld Tissue Hardness Meters for Assessing the Mechanical Properties of
           Skeletal Muscle: A Feasibility Study
    • Authors: Kentaro Chino; Hideyuki Takahashi
      Pages: 518 - 522
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Kentaro Chino, Hideyuki Takahashi
      Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of using handheld tissue hardness meters to assess the mechanical properties of skeletal muscle. Methods This observational study included 33 healthy men (age, 22.4 ± 4.4 years) and 33 healthy women (age, 23.7 ± 4.2 years). Participants were placed in a supine position, and tissue hardness overlying the rectus femoris and the shear modulus of the muscle were measured on the right side of the body at 50% thigh length. In the same position, subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness and muscle thickness were measured using B-mode ultrasonography. To examine the associations of subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness, muscle thickness, and muscle shear modulus with tissue hardness, linear regression using a stepwise bidirectional elimination approach was performed. Results Stepwise linear regression revealed that subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness (r = −0.38, P = .002) and muscle shear modulus (r = 0.27, P = .03) were significantly associated with tissue hardness. Conclusions Significant associations among adipose tissue thickness, muscle shear modulus, and tissue hardness show the limitations and feasibility of handheld tissue hardness meters for assessing the mechanical properties of skeletal muscles.

      PubDate: 2016-08-14T05:33:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.002
       
  • The Accuracy of Locating Lumbar Vertebrae When Using Palpation Versus
           Ultrasonography
    • Authors: Rune Mygind Mieritz; Gregory Neil Kawchuk
      Pages: 387 - 392
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 May 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Rune Mygind Mieritz, Gregory Neil Kawchuk
      Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of locating lumbar vertebrae using palpation vs ultrasonography. Methods In this study, ultrasonic imaging was used by 2 experienced clinicians to identify the third lumbar spinous process (target) of a female participant. The target was then located by 16 undergraduate chiropractic students using clinical palpation techniques learned in their academic program (with participant seated and prone) and ultrasonic imaging learned through a 5-minute training video. Presumed target locations identified by students were recorded by infrared motion capture equipment. The coordinates of the presumed target site were then compared statistically. Results There was no significant difference between the presumed target position identified by the students using sitting and prone palpation (P = .346). These positions were significantly different from the target location identified by expert clinicians using ultrasonic imaging (P < .0001 in both cases). The vertebra identified by ultrasonic imaging by the students was the same vertebra identified by the expert clinicians using ultrasound. This position error in the vertebra identified by palpation resulted in the students mistakenly identifying the L4 spinous process as the target vertebra. Conclusions This study found that ultrasonography provided more accurate identification of a lumbar spinal landmark when compared with palpation. In addition, our data suggest that ultrasonic imaging to identify spinal landmarks can be learned easily and can improve accuracy of landmark detection. Although the time to use ultrasonic imaging was greater than with palpation, these results suggest that this procedure could potentially be used in clinical practice to identify spinal landmarks.

      PubDate: 2016-05-26T08:00:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.001
       
  • The Effect of Phase of Menstrual Cycle on Joint Mobility in the Cervical
           Spine and Extremities in Nulliparous Women: A Cross-sectional Study
    • Authors: Carol Ann Weis; Diane Grondin; Howard Vernon
      Pages: 393 - 400
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Carol Ann Weis, Diane Grondin, Howard Vernon
      Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the range of motion (ROM) of various joints in women throughout the menstrual cycle to determine whether there would be a difference in the ROM between the luteal and follicular phases during extension at the fifth metacarpophalangeal joint and bilateral rotation of the cervical spine in young adult nulliparous women. Methods Sixteen nulliparous women of childbearing age (mean age, 26 years) were recruited from the academic institution where the study was being performed. Participants were randomized into and tested during either the luteal or follicular phases of the menstrual cycle. In the following month, participants were tested in the opposite phases of the menstrual cycle. All testing was performed by a doctor of chiropractic. Differences in ROM were measured in single joint movements (fifth digit hyperextension) and in multijoint movements (bilateral cervical rotation) using an electromagnetic sensor system. Results No significant effects of phase were found on peak ROM of the fifth digit or during cervical spine rotation (left, right, or bilaterally), irrespective of trial. Conclusion There is no difference in ROM of the cervical spine or the fifth metacarpophalangeal joint, regardless of the phase of menses, suggesting there is likely no hormonal influence on these structures during the follicular or luteal phases.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.002
       
  • Forces of Commonly Used Chiropractic Techniques for Children: A Review of
           the Literature
    • Authors: Angela J. Todd; Matthew T. Carroll; Eleanor K.L. Mitchell
      Pages: 401 - 410
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Angela J. Todd, Matthew T. Carroll, Eleanor K.L. Mitchell
      Objective The purpose of this study is to review the available literature that describes forces of the most commonly used chiropractic techniques for children. Methods Review of the English-language literature using search terms Chiropract* and technique, protocol, or approach in databases PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, and Index to Chiropractic Literature and direct contact with authors of articles and book chapters. Results Eleven articles that discussed the 7 most commonly used pediatric chiropractic techniques and the forces applied were identified. Chiropractic techniques reviewed described forces that were modified based on the age of the patient. Force data for mechanically assisted devices were varied, with the minimum force settings for some devices outside the age-specific safe range recommended in the literature when not modified in some way. Conclusion This review found that technique selection and application by chiropractors treating infants and young children are typically modified in force and speed to suit the age and development of the child.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.006
       
  • A Biomechanical Investigation of Selected Lumbopelvic Hip Tests:
           Implications for the Examination of Walking
    • Authors: Robert Walter Bailey; Jim Richards; James Selfe
      Pages: 411 - 419
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 May 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Robert Walter Bailey, Jim Richards, James Selfe
      Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare lumbopelvic hip ranges of motion during the Trendelenburg, Single Leg Squat, and Corkscrew Tests to walking and to describe the 3-dimensional lumbopelvic hip motion during the tests. This may help clinicians to select appropriate tests when examining gait. Methods An optoelectronic movement analysis tracking system was used to assess the lumbopelvic hip region of 14 healthy participants while performing Trendelenburg, Single Leg Squat, and Corkscrew Tests and walking. The lumbopelvic hip 3-dimensional ranges of movement for the clinical tests were compared with walking using a repeated-measures analysis of variance with pairwise comparisons. Results No significant differences were found between the pelvic obliquity during the Trendelenburg Test and walking (Trendelenburg Test: L, 11.3° ± 4.8°, R, 10.8° ± 5.0° vs walk: L, 8.3° ± 4.8°, R 8.3° ± 5.1°, L, P = .143, R, P = .068). Significant differences were found between the hip sagittal plane range of movement during the Single Leg Squat and walking (Single Leg Squat: L, 44.2° ±13.7°, R, 41.7° ±10.9° vs walk: 38.6° ±7.0°, R 37.8° ±5.1°, P < .05), the hip coronal plane range of movement (Single Leg Squat: L, 9.1° ±5.8°, R, 9.0° ± 4.6° vs walk: L, 9.4° ± 2.3°, R 9.5° ± 2.0°, P < .05), and the hip coronal plane range of movement during the Corkscrew Test and walking (Corkscrew: L, 5.7° ±3.3°, R, 5.7° ±3.2° vs walk: L, 9.4° ± 2.3°, R 9.5° ± 2.0°, P < .05). Conclusions The results of the present study showed that, in young asymptomatic participants with no known lumbopelvic hip pathology, the pelvic obliquity during the Trendelenburg Test and walking is similar. During the Single Leg Squat, the hip moved more in the sagittal plane and less in the coronal plane when compared with walking. There was more movement in the hip transverse plane movement during the Corkscrew Test than during walking. These results suggest that for the Trendelenburg Test to be interpreted as normal, the pelvis should achieve at least 10° of pelvic obliquity; during the Single Leg Squat, the hip should move through 43° in the sagittal plane and under 10° in the coronal plane; and for the Corkscrew Test to be interpreted as normal, the hip should move through 6° of rotation and the trunk through 27° of rotation.

      PubDate: 2016-05-31T08:28:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.04.007
       
  • Subjective Mental Workload and Its Correlation with Musculoskeletal
           Disorders in Bank Staff
    • Authors: Ebrahim Darvishi; Afshin Maleki; Omid Giahi; Arash Akbarzadeh
      Pages: 420 - 426
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Ebrahim Darvishi, Afshin Maleki, Omid Giahi, Arash Akbarzadeh
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of subjective mental workload (SMWL) and its correlation with musculoskeletal disorders among bank staff members in Kurdistan Province located in western Iran. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 bank staff members in Kurdistan Province, Iran. The mental workload was assessed using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration-Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) computerized version. NASA-TLX is a multidimensional rating procedure that derives an overall workload score based on a weighted average of ratings on 6 subscales. These subscales include Mental Demands, Physical Demands, Temporal Demands, Performance, Effort, Effectiveness, and Frustration. The musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) were documented with the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and generic body diagram. Results Of the staff members, 78.5% experienced pain at least once during the past year in 1 of their 9 musculoskeletal body regions. The highest frequencies of pain were in the neck and lower back. The NASA-TLX estimated the Effort and Performance scales with mean ± SD of 72.8 ± 25.2 and 36 ± 22.6, respectively, as the maximal and minimal scores among the 6 subscales of SMWL. The statistical analysis of the data revealed that there was a significant correlation between the overall mental workload score and also among the 6 subscales of SMWL separately with MSDs (P < .05). Conclusion SMWL appears to be a risk factor in the incidence of MSDs, so that the odds of MSDs increased by 11% with each additional 1-point increase in SMWL score.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.003
       
  • Neck Flexor and Extensor Muscle Endurance in Subclinical Neck Pain:
           Intrarater Reliability, Standard Error of Measurement, Minimal Detectable
           Change, and Comparison With Asymptomatic Participants in a University
           Student Population
    • Authors: Ana S. Lourenço; Carina Lameiras; Anabela G. Silva
      Pages: 427 - 433
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Ana S. Lourenço, Carina Lameiras, Anabela G. Silva
      Objective The aims of this study were to assess intrarater reliability and to calculate the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC) for deep neck flexor and neck extensor muscle endurance tests, and compare the results between individuals with and without subclinical neck pain. Methods Participants were students of the University of Aveiro reporting subclinical neck pain and asymptomatic participants matched for sex and age to the neck pain group. Data on endurance capacity of the deep neck flexors and neck extensors were collected by a blinded assessor using the deep neck flexor endurance test and the extensor endurance test, respectively. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), SEM, and MDC were calculated for measurements taken within a session by the same assessor. Differences between groups for endurance capacity were investigated using a Mann-Whitney U test. Results The deep neck flexor endurance test (ICC = 0.71; SEM = 6.91 seconds; MDC = 19.15 seconds) and neck extensor endurance test (ICC = 0.73; SEM = 9.84 minutes; MDC = 2.34 minutes) are reliable. No significant differences were found between participants with and without neck pain for both tests of muscle endurance (P > .05). Conclusion The endurance capacity of the deep neck flexors and neck extensors can be reliably measured in participants with subclinical neck pain. However, the wide SEM and MDC might limit the sensitivity of these tests.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.005
       
  • Reliability and Comparison of Spinal End-Range Motion Assessment Using a
           Skin-Surface Device in Participants With and Without Low Back Pain
    • Authors: Jason Zafereo; Sharon Wang-Price; Jace Brown; Evan Carson
      Pages: 434 - 442
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 July 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Jason Zafereo, Sharon Wang-Price, Jace Brown, Evan Carson
      Objectives The purposes of this study were to determine the reliability of using a skin-surface device to measure global and segmental thoracic and lumbar spine motion in participants with and without low back pain (LBP) and to compare global thoracic and lumbar motion between the 2 groups. Methods Forty participants were included in the study (20 adults with LBP and 20 age- and sex-matched adults without LBP). On the same day, 2 raters independently measured thoracic and lumbar spine motion by rolling a skin-surface device along the spine from C7 to S3, with participants at their end range of standing flexion and extension. Results In participants with LBP, global thoracic and lumbar flexion and extension end-range motion testing yielded fair-to-high intrarater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.76-0.96) and good-to-high interrater reliability (ICC = 0.82-0.98). Interrater reliability was fair to high (ICC = 0.77-0.93) for segmental lumbar flexion measurements in participants with LBP. No significant differences were found in global thoracic and lumbar flexion or extension end-range mobility between participants with and without LBP. Conclusions Global thoracic and lumbar end-range motion measurement using a skin-surface device has acceptable reliability for participants with LBP. Reliability for segmental end-range motion measurement was only acceptable for lumbar flexion in participants with LBP.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.008
       
  • Reliability and Reproducibility of Chest Wall Expansion Measurement in
           Young Healthy Adults
    • Authors: Sophie Debouche; Laurent Pitance; Annie Robert; Giuseppe Liistro; Gregory Reychler
      Pages: 443 - 449
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Sophie Debouche, Laurent Pitance, Annie Robert, Giuseppe Liistro, Gregory Reychler
      Objective The purposes of this study were to (1) evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of chest expansion (CE) measurement on 2 different levels and (2) observe relationships between upper and lower CE measurements and lung function. Methods Fifty-three healthy subjects aged between 18 and 39 years were recruited. Chest expansion measurements were taken with a cloth tape measure at 2 levels of the rib cage (upper and lower). Reproducibility of the measurement was measured for 2 physiotherapists and on 2 different days. Lung function (ie, forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], forced vital capacity (FVC), vital capacity and, inspiratory capacity) was measured for all subjects by a spirometer (MEC Pocket-spiro USB100, Medical Electronic Construction, Brussels, Belgium). Results Upper CE was less than lower CE (5.4 cm and 6.4 cm, respectively; P < .001). Intrarater and interrater reliability were good for upper and lower CE. Reproducibility between physiotherapists was verified for both CE measurements. Reproducibility between days was only verified for upper CE. Sex influenced lower CE. Upper and lower CE values were correlated (r = 0.747; P < .01). Lower and upper CE were significantly and positively correlated with all lung function parameters and inspiratory muscle strength (moderately and weakly, respectively) except to inspiratory capacity for upper CE (P = .051) and for FEV1/FVC for both CE measurements. Conclusion Upper and lower CE measurements showed good intra- and interrater reliability and reproducibility in healthy subjects. Although both measurements were correlated with lung functions (ie, FEV1, FVC, and vital capacity), the findings of this study showed that upper CE measurements may be more useful in clinical practice to evaluate chest mobility and to give indirect information on lung volume function and inspiratory muscle strength.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.004
       
  • A Comparison of Fourth-Year Health Sciences Students’ Knowledge of Gross
           Lower and Upper Limb Anatomy
    • Authors: Juan-Antonio Díaz-Mancha; José Manuel Castillo-López; Pedro V. Munuera-Martinez; Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín; Juan Polo-Padillo; Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo
      Pages: 450 - 457
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Juan-Antonio Díaz-Mancha, José Manuel Castillo-López, Pedro V. Munuera-Martinez, Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín, Juan Polo-Padillo, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo
      Objective The aim of the study was to assess and compare the knowledge of fourth-year medicine, physiotherapy (PT), nursing, and podiatry students in carpal and tarsal bone anatomy. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out. Based on a nonprobability convenience sampling, 177 fourth-year students (117 women and 60 men, mean age of 23.16 ± 3.82 years) from the podiatry (n = 39), nursing (n = 26), PT (n = 73), and medicine (n = 39) schools at a large Spanish university were included. Measurements were taken of their gross anatomy knowledge by means of the carpal and the tarsal bone tests. Students were asked to identify all carpal and tarsal bones in an illustration of the bony skeleton of both regions and were given a maximum of 5 minutes per test. Results Of a total of 15 bones to be labeled, the PT (11.07 ± 3.30) and podiatry (9.36 ± 2.93) students had the highest rate of correct answers compared with the medicine (6.13 ± 3.27) and nursing (4.04 ± 3.72) undergraduates. When assessing academic degrees and test scores, significant differences were observed between PT and podiatry participants vs those from the medicine and nursing schools (P < .001). Conclusion Fourth-year students from the PT and podiatry programs correctly identified a higher number of carpal and tarsal bones than students from the nursing and medicine schools.

      PubDate: 2016-08-10T05:14:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.05.007
       
  • Information for Readers
    • Abstract: Publication date: November–December 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 39, Issue 9


      PubDate: 2016-11-26T03:10:16Z
       
  • Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation of Hand Paralysis After Stroke Reduces Wrist
           Edema and Pain: A Prospective Clinical Trial
    • Authors: Alberto Borboni; Jorge H. Villafañe; Chiara Mullè; Kristin Valdes; Rodolfo Faglia; Giovanni Taveggia; Stefano Negrini
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Alberto Borboni, Jorge H. Villafañe, Chiara Mullè, Kristin Valdes, Rodolfo Faglia, Giovanni Taveggia, Stefano Negrini
      Objective The purpose of this study was to determine whether passive robotic-assisted hand motion, in addition to standard rehabilitation, would reduce hand pain, edema, or spasticity in all patients following acute stroke, in patients with and without hand paralysis. Methods Thirty-five participants, aged 45 to 80 years, with functional impairments of their upper extremities after a stroke were recruited for the study from September 2013 to October 2013. One group consisted of 16 patients (mean age ± SD, 68 ± 9 years) with full paralysis and the other groups included 14 patients (mean age ± SD, 67 ± 8 years) with partial paralysis. Patients in the both groups used the Gloreha device for passive mobilization of the hand twice a day for 2 consecutive weeks. The primary outcome measure was hand edema. Secondary outcome measures included pain intensity and spasticity. All outcome measures were collected at baseline and immediately after the intervention (2 weeks). Results Analysis of variance revealed that the partial paralysis group experienced a significantly greater reduction of edema at the wrist (P = .005) and pain (P = .04) when compared with the full paralysis group. Other outcomes were similar for the groups. Conclusion The results of the current study suggest that the partial paralysis group experienced a significantly greater reduction of edema at the wrist and pain when compared with the full paralysis group. The reduction in pain did not meet the threshold of a minimal clinically important difference.

      PubDate: 2016-11-19T02:49:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.10.003
       
  • Presence of Latent Myofascial Trigger Points and Determination of Pressure
           Pain Thresholds of the Shoulder Girdle in Healthy Children and Young
           Adults: A Cross-sectional Study
    • Authors: Luciane S. Sacramento; Paula R. Camargo; Aristides L. Siqueira-Júnior; Jean P. Ferreira; Tania F. Salvini; Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Luciane S. Sacramento, Paula R. Camargo, Aristides L. Siqueira-Júnior, Jean P. Ferreira, Tania F. Salvini, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
      Objective The primary objective of this study was to compare the number of myofascial trigger points (MTPs) and the pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in the shoulder girdle, on the dominant and nondominant sides, between healthy children and adults. The secondary aim was to assess the correlations between the number of MTPs and the PPTs in these populations. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed. Thirty-five children (aged 9.1 ± 1.7 years) and 35 adults (aged 23.4 ± 3.4 years) with no history of shoulder or cervical pathology were included. All participants were examined for MTPs in the shoulder muscles and assessed for PPTs in the neck, shoulder, and tibialis anterior. Parametric and nonparametric tests, effect sizes, and odds ratios were used to determine the differences between groups and sides. Spearman’s σ test was used to assess correlations between latent MTPs (LTPs) and PPTs in each group. Results Children had fewer LTPs than adults did (P = .03). The upper trapezius was the muscle with the largest number of LTPs, affecting 13 adults on the dominant side. Children had lower PPTs compared with adults (P < .05). Correlations between the number of LTPs (on both sides and in total) and PPTs were observed only in adults. Conclusions Healthy children have fewer LTPs and lower PPTs in the shoulder girdle than healthy adults. A relationship was observed between sensitivity to pressure and the presence of LTPs in adults, in whom lower PPT was associated with more LTPs. This relationship was not detected in children.

      PubDate: 2016-11-19T02:49:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.10.007
       
  • Effects of a Resistance and Stretching Training Program on Forward Head
           and Protracted Shoulder Posture in Adolescents
    • Authors: Rodrigo Miguel Ruivo; Pedro Pezarat-Correia; Ana Isabel Carita
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Rodrigo Miguel Ruivo, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Ana Isabel Carita
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 16-week resistance and stretching training program applied in physical education (PE) classes on forward head posture and protracted shoulder posture in Portuguese adolescents. Methods This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted in 2 secondary schools. One hundred and thirty adolescents (aged 15-17 years) with forward head and protracted shoulder posture were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group. Sagittal head, cervical, and shoulder angles were measured with photogrammetry and Postural Assessment Software. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Assessment was used to assess shoulder pain, and neck pain during the last month was self-reported with a single question. These variables were assessed before and after a 16-week intervention period. The control group (n = 46) attended the PE classes, whereas the exercise group (n = 84) received a posture corrective exercise program in addition to PE classes. Results A significant increase in cervical and shoulder angles was observed in the intervention group from pretest to posttest (P < .05). For the shoulder pain scores in both groups, there were no significant changes after the 16 weeks. Conclusions A 16-week resistance and stretching training program decreased forward head and protracted shoulder postures in adolescents.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.10.005
       
  • Effectiveness of Nerve Gliding Exercises on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A
           Systematic Review
    • Authors: Ruth Ballestero-Pérez; Gustavo Plaza-Manzano; Alicia Urraca-Gesto; Flor Romo-Romo; María de los Ángeles Atín-Arratibel; Daniel Pecos-Martín; Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo; Natalia Romero-Franco
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Ruth Ballestero-Pérez, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Alicia Urraca-Gesto, Flor Romo-Romo, María de los Ángeles Atín-Arratibel, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Natalia Romero-Franco
      Objective The objective of this study was to review the literature regarding the effectiveness of neural gliding exercises for the management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods A computer-based search was completed through May 2014 in PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Plus, and CINAHL. The following key words were included: nerve tissue, gliding, exercises, carpal tunnel syndrome, neural mobilization, and neurodynamic mobilization. Thirteen clinical trials met the inclusion/exclusion criteria, which were: nerve gliding exercise management of participants aged 18 years or older; clinical or electrophysiological diagnostics of CTS; no prior surgical treatment; and absence of systemic diseases, degenerative joint diseases, musculoskeletal affectations in upper limbs or spine, or pregnancy. All studies were independently appraised using the PEDro scale. Results The majority of studies reported improvements in pain, pressure pain threshold, and function of CTS patients after nerve gliding, combined or not with additional therapies. When comparing nerve gliding with other therapies, 2 studies reported better results from standard care and 1 from use of a wrist splint, whereas 3 studies reported greater and earlier pain relief and function after nerve gliding in comparison with conservative techniques, such as ultrasound and wrist splint. However, 6 of the 13 studies had a quality of 5 of 11 or less according to the PEDro scale. Conclusion Limited evidence is available on the effectiveness of neural gliding. Standard conservative care seems to be the most appropriate option for pain relief, although neural gliding might be a complementary option to accelerate recovery of function. More high-quality research is still necessary to determine its effectiveness and the subgroups of patients who may respond better to this treatment.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.10.004
       
  • Information for Readers
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 39, Issue 8


      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
       
  • Immediate Effects of Mobilization With Movement vs Sham Technique on Range
           of Motion, Strength, and Function in Patients With Shoulder Impingement
           Syndrome: Randomized Clinical Trial
    • Authors: João Flávio Guimarães; Tania Fátima Salvini; Aristides Leite Siqueira; Ivana Leão Ribeiro; Paula Rezende Camargo; Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): João Flávio Guimarães, Tania Fátima Salvini, Aristides Leite Siqueira, Ivana Leão Ribeiro, Paula Rezende Camargo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
      Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of mobilization with movement (MWM) with sham technique on range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, and function in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. Methods A randomized clinical study was performed. Participants (mean age ± standard deviation, 31 ± 8 years; 56% women) were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n = 14), which received the MWM technique in the first 4 sessions and the sham technique in the last 4 sessions; and group 2 (n = 13), which was treated with the opposite order of treatment conditions described for group 1. Shoulder ROM, isometric peak force assessed with a handheld dynamometer, and function as determined through the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) questionnaires were collected at preintervention, interchange, and postintervention moments. Results Two-way analysis of variance revealed no significant group-by-time interaction for any outcome but did reveal a main time effect for shoulder external rotation (P = .04) and abduction (P = .01) ROM, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (P < .01), SPADI Pain (P < .01), SPADI Function (P < .01), and SPADI Total (P < .01). Only abduction movement and SPADI Pain overcame the clinical relevance threshold. The isometric peak force tests revealed no effects. Conclusion The MWM technique was no more effective than a sham intervention in improving shoulder ROM during external rotation and abduction, pain, and function in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.08.001
       
  • Utilization of Chiropractic Care at the World Games 2013
    • Authors: Debra D. Nook; Erik C. Nook; Brian C. Nook
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Debra D. Nook, Erik C. Nook, Brian C. Nook
      Objective The purpose of this study was to describe chiropractic care use at the World Games 2013. Methods In this retrospective study, we reviewed treatment charts of athletes and non-athletes who sought chiropractic care at The World Games in Cali, Colombia, from July 25 to August 4, 2013. Doctors of chiropractic of the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic provided care. Chart notes included body region treated, treatment modality, and pretreatment and posttreatment pain ratings. Results Of the participants, 537 of 2964 accredited athletes and 403 of 4131 accredited non-athletes sought chiropractic treatment; these represent utilization rates of 18.1% for athletes and 9.8% for non-athletes. A total of 1463 treatments were recorded for athletes (n = 897) and non-athletes (n = 566). The athletes who were treated represented 28 of 33 sports and 68 of 93 countries that were present at the games. Among athletes, the thoracic spine was the most frequent area of treatment (57.2%), followed by the lumbar spine (48.7%) and the cervical spine (38.9%). Myotherapy was the most frequently used treatment method (80.9%), followed by chiropractic manipulation (78.5%), taping (38.0%), and mobilization (24.6%). Reports of acute injury were higher among athletes (45.4%) compared with non-athletes (23.8%). Reported pain was reduced after treatment (P < .001), and 86.9% patients reported immediate improvement after receiving chiropractic treatment. Conclusions The majority of people seeking chiropractic care at an international sporting competition were athletes. For those seeking care, the injury rate was higher among athletes than among non-athletes. The majority of patients receiving chiropractic care reported improvement after receiving care.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.09.005
       
  • High-Force Versus Low-Force Lumbar Traction in Acute Lumbar Sciatica Due
           to Disc Herniation: A Preliminary Randomized Trial
    • Authors: Marie-Eve Isner-Horobeti; Stéphane Pascal Dufour; Michael Schaeffer; Erik Sauleau; Philippe Vautravers; Jehan Lecocq; Arnaud Dupeyron
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Marie-Eve Isner-Horobeti, Stéphane Pascal Dufour, Michael Schaeffer, Erik Sauleau, Philippe Vautravers, Jehan Lecocq, Arnaud Dupeyron
      Objective This study compared the effects of high-force versus low-force lumbar traction in the treatment of acute lumbar sciatica secondary to disc herniation. Methods A randomized double blind trial was performed, and 17 subjects with acute lumbar sciatica secondary to disc herniation were assigned to high-force traction at 50% body weight (BW; LT50, n = 8) or low force traction at 10% BW (LT10, n = 9) for 10 sessions in 2 weeks. Radicular pain (visual analogue scale [VAS]), lumbo-pelvic-hip complex motion (finger-to-toe test), lumbar-spine mobility (Schöber-Macrae test), nerve root compression (straight-leg-raising test), disability (EIFEL score), drug consumption, and overall evaluation of each patient were measured at days 0, 7, 1, 4, and 28. Results Significant (P < .05) improvements were observed in the LT50 and LT10 groups, respectively, between day 0 and day 14 (end of treatment) for VAS (–44% and –36%), EIFEL score (–43% and –28%) and overall patient evaluation (+3.1 and +2.0 points). At that time, LT50 specifically improved in the finger-to-toe test (–42%), the straight-leg-raising test (+58), and drug consumption (–50%). No significant interaction effect (group-by-time) was revealed, and the effect of traction treatment was independent of the level of medication. During the 2-week follow-up at day 28, only the LT10 group improved (P < .05) in VAS (–52%) and EIFEL scores (–46%). During this period, no interaction effect (group-by-time) was identified, and the observed responses were independent of the level of medication. Conclusions For this preliminary study, patients with acute lumbar sciatica secondary to disc herniation who received 2 weeks of lumbar traction reported reduced radicular pain and functional impairment and improved well-being regardless of the traction force group to which they were assigned. The effects of the traction treatment were independent of the initial level of medication and appeared to be maintained at the 2-week follow-up.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.09.006
       
  • Current Practices in Lumbar Surgery Perioperative Rehabilitation: A
           Scoping Review
    • Authors: Andrée-Anne Marchand; Julie O’Shaughnessy; Claude-Édouard Châtillon; Karin Sorra; Martin Descarreaux
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Andrée-Anne Marchand, Julie O’Shaughnessy, Claude-Édouard Châtillon, Karin Sorra, Martin Descarreaux
      Objective The objective of this review was to identify current practices and relevant patient-reported and objective outcome measures with regard to rehabilitation protocols directed at the lumbar spine in perioperative procedure settings in order to inform clinical practice and future research. Methods A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PEDro (Physiotherapy Evidence Database), and PubMed using terms relevant to surgical interventions, rehabilitation, and the lumbar spine. Results Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria, and 28 investigated postoperative forms of rehabilitation. Patient-reported outcomes typically used were pain and disability, although a wide range of objective measures based on physical capacities were often reported. Rehabilitation programs, for the most part, included some form of strengthening exercises alone or in combination with stabilization exercises, aerobic conditioning, stretching, or education. Despite most studies reporting statistically significant results between intervention groups, considering clinically significant improvement within intervention groups yielded a different portrait. Conclusions A wide range of objective and subjective outcomes is used to document changes after active rehabilitation. Program components include both active and assisted interventions combined with various means of education and discussion. Multimodal rehabilitation protocols after lumbar surgery may be used to improve patient-reported and objective outcome measures such as pain, disability, and physical function. Further research should be conducted on the effects of preoperative rehabilitation programs.

      PubDate: 2016-11-12T02:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.08.003
       
  • Interrater Reliability in the Clinical Evaluation of Myofascial Trigger
           Points in Three Ankle Muscles
    • Authors: David Rodríguez Sanz; César Calvo Lobo; Daniel López López; Carlos Romero Morales; Carlos Sosa Marín; Irene Sanz Corbalán
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): David Rodríguez Sanz, César Calvo Lobo, Daniel López López, Carlos Romero Morales, Carlos Sosa Marín, Irene Sanz Corbalán
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate interrater reliability in the diagnosis of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the tibialis anterior, peroneus brevis, and extensor digitorum longus muscles. Methods A reliability research study was performed. Three physical therapists with clinical experience in myofascial pain functioned as raters and randomly and bilaterally evaluated the ankles of 40 subjects in the Madrid public health care system. The absence or presence of MTrPs, nodules in taut bands, patterns of referred pain, local twitch response (LTR), and jump-sign were evaluated. Results We calculated the pairwise interrater agreement and κ-value concordance of the presence or absence of trigger points (55%-85%; κ = 0.12-0.60), palpable nodules in taut bands (63%-90%; κ = 0.24-0.60), referred pain (63%-85%; κ = 0.20-0.54), and jump sign (62%-89%; κ = 0.15-0.72) in the 3 studied muscles. The LTR could only be evaluated in the tibialis anterior (43%-70%; κ = 0.05-0.21), and evaluation was not possible for the other muscles. Conclusions Three blinded raters were able to reach acceptable pairwise interrater agreement (percentage of agreement value ≥70%) for the presence or absence of MTrPs and LTR in the tibialis anterior, as well as for nodules in taut bands, referred pain, and the jump sign for the extensor digitorum longus. The peroneus brevis showed a wide percentage of agreement value, ranging from 31% to 82%. The results of this study showed that expert raters can agree, with slight-to-moderate concordance, with regard to the clinical testing of muscle trigger points by direct palpation of the 3 muscles studied: the tibialis anterior, the extensor digitorum longus, and the peroneus brevis. Interrater reliability seems to be muscle dependent, especially with regard to the depth of the muscle.

      PubDate: 2016-11-05T02:08:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.09.002
       
  • Ultrasonography Comparison of Peroneus Muscle Cross-sectional Area in
           Subjects With or Without Lateral Ankle Sprains
    • Authors: César Calvo Lobo; Carlos Romero Morales; David Rodríguez Sanz; Irene Sanz Corbalán; Alejandro Garrido Marín; Daniel López López
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): César Calvo Lobo, Carlos Romero Morales, David Rodríguez Sanz, Irene Sanz Corbalán, Alejandro Garrido Marín, Daniel López López
      Objective The purpose of this study was to quantify the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the peroneus brevis, the peroneus longus, and connective tissue; to compare these measures in participants with and without lateral ankle sprains (LAS); and to determine the intraexaminer reliability of the protocol used to acquire these measures. Methods A cross-sectional case-control study was undertaken. B-mode ultrasound imaging was performed to measure the resting CSA and circular perimeter of the muscles and connective tissue and the total area and ratio between the CSA of the peroneus longus and the peroneus brevis. The imaging was performed for 56 feet, 28 with LAS and 28 without LAS (the mean numbers ± SD of total LAS, grade-I LAS and grade-II LAS were 4.1 ± 3.6, 2.71 ± 3.2, and 1.39 ± 0.9, respectively). A univariate correlation analysis using Pearson (r) and the Kendall tau_b (τB) coefficients was performed to evaluate the ultrasound imaging measurements (α = 0.05). Results Statistically significant differences (P < .05) were observed between the 2 groups, with a moderate negative correlation for the circular perimeter of the peroneus longus (P = .001; r = −0.444) and a weak association for the CSA of the peroneus longus (P = .002; τB = − 0.349), the ratio between the CSA of the peroneus longus and the peroneus brevis (P = .008; τB = −0.293), and the circular perimeter of connective tissue (P = .013; τB = −0.277). Conclusions The peroneus longus CSA is reduced in participants with LAS compared with that in participants without LAS. The intraexaminer reliability of the ultrasonography protocol was excellent when quantifying the peroneus brevis and the peroneus longus muscle tissues and acceptable when quantifying connective tissue.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:52:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.09.001
       
  • Reference Values for the Scalene Interval Width During Varying Degrees of
           Glenohumeral Abduction Using Ultrasonography
    • Authors: Ross Mattox; Patrick J. Battaglia; Aaron B. Welk; Yumi Maeda; Daniel W. Haun; Norman W. Kettner
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Ross Mattox, Patrick J. Battaglia, Aaron B. Welk, Yumi Maeda, Daniel W. Haun, Norman W. Kettner
      Objective The aim of this study was to establish reference values for the width of the interval between the anterior and middle scalene muscles using ultrasonography during varying degrees of glenohumeral joint (GH) abduction. Reliability and body mass index (BMI) data were also assessed. Methods Interscalene triangles of asymptomatic participants were scanned bilaterally in the transverse plane. Images were obtained at 0°, 90°, and 150° of GH abduction with the participant seated. Width measurements were taken between the anterior and middle scalene muscle borders by bisecting the C6 nerve root as it passed superficial to the posterior tubercle of the C7 transverse process. Intra- and interexaminer reliability and BMI correlation were studied. Statistical significance was defined as P ≤ .05. Results Images of 42 scalene intervals were included from 21 participants (11 female). Mean participant age was 25.3 ± 3.9 years; mean BMI was 25.4 ± 2.7 kg/m2. Scalene interval measurements at 0°, 90°, and 150° of GH abduction were 4.5 ± 0.5 mm, 4.6 ± 0.5 mm, and 4.4 ± 0.7 mm, respectively, without a significant difference (P = .07). Intraexaminer reliability was excellent (0°: intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.82; 90°: ICC = 0.89; 150°: ICC = 0.90). Interexaminer reliability was good to excellent (0°: ICC = 0.59; 90°: ICC = 0.85; 150°: ICC = 0.89). Body mass index was positively correlated only at 0° of GH abduction. Conclusions This study establishes previously unreported reference ultrasonography values for the width of the scalene interval. Intraexaminer reliability was excellent at all glenohumeral positions, and interexaminer reliability was determined to be good to excellent. Body mass index was positively correlated only at 0° of GH abduction.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:52:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.08.002
       
  • Musculoskeletal Dysfunctions in Patients With Chronic Pelvic Pain: A
           Preliminary Descriptive Survey
    • Authors: Rune Mygind Mieritz; Kirsten Thorhauge; Axel Forman; Hanne Beck Mieritz; Jan Hartvigsen; Henrik Wulff Christensen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Rune Mygind Mieritz, Kirsten Thorhauge, Axel Forman, Hanne Beck Mieritz, Jan Hartvigsen, Henrik Wulff Christensen
      Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal dysfunctions based on a standardized clinical examination of patients with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) who were referred to a specialized tertiary care center for laparoscopic examination. In addition, we stratified levels of self-reported pelvic pain, self-rated health, education, and work status based on musculoskeletal dysfunction status. Methods This study used a cross-sectional design to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal dysfunctions in women with CPP who were referred to a tertiary care center specializing in care of women with CPP. The women completed a questionnaire and underwent a blinded systematic objective clinical examination of the musculoskeletal system by a doctor of chiropractic who then categorized the patients as having or not having musculoskeletal dysfunction. Results Ninety-four patients returned the questionnaire, completed the clinical examination, and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. More than half of the referred patients with CPP (48 out of 94) had musculoskeletal dysfunctions in the lumbar/pelvic region. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups with respect to self-rated health, education, work status, and pain level. Pain location was significantly different after Bonferroni correction in 1 out of the 36 aspects. Conclusions In this sample of CPP patients, 51% were categorized as having a musculoskeletal dysfunction. Overall, CPP patients were similar with respect to certain characteristics, such as age, body mass index, and pain level, regardless of their classification; however, patients with musculoskeletal dysfunction tended to report more pain in the front and back of the lower limbs.

      PubDate: 2016-10-21T18:10:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.09.003
       
  • Response to Letter to the Editor on “Effect of Spinal Manipulation of
           Upper Cervical Vertebrae on Blood Pressure: Results of a Pilot
           Sham-Controlled Trial”
    • Authors: Christine M. Goertz; Stacie A. Salsbury; Robert D. Vining
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Christine M. Goertz, Stacie A. Salsbury, Robert D. Vining


      PubDate: 2016-10-15T00:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.09.004
       
  • Effect of Spinal Manipulation of Upper Cervical Vertebrae on Blood
           Pressure: Results of a Pilot Sham-Controlled Trial
    • Authors: John F. Hart
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): John F. Hart


      PubDate: 2016-10-15T00:33:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.08.008
       
  • Establishing the ACORN National Practitioner Database: Strategies to
           Recruit Practitioners to a National Practice-Based Research Network
    • Authors: Jon Adams; Amie Steel Craig Moore Lyndon Amorin-Woods David Sibbritt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Craig Moore, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, David Sibbritt
      Objectives The purpose of this paper is to report on the recruitment and promotion strategies employed by the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN) project aimed at helping recruit a substantial national sample of participants and to describe the features of our practice-based research network (PBRN) design that may provide key insights to others looking to establish a similar network or draw on the ACORN project to conduct sub-studies. Methods The ACORN project followed a multifaceted recruitment and promotion strategy drawing on distinct branding, a practitioner-focused promotion campaign, and a strategically designed questionnaire and distribution/recruitment approach to attract sufficient participation from the ranks of registered chiropractors across Australia. Results From the 4684 chiropractors registered at the time of recruitment, the project achieved a database response rate of 36% (n = 1680), resulting in a large, nationally representative sample across age, gender, and location. This sample constitutes the largest proportional coverage of participants from any voluntary national PBRN across any single health care profession. Conclusions It does appear that a number of key promotional and recruitment features of the ACORN project may have helped establish the high response rate for the PBRN, which constitutes an important sustainable resource for future national and international efforts to grow the chiropractic evidence base and research capacity. Further rigorous enquiry is needed to help evaluate the direct contribution of specific promotional and recruitment strategies in attaining high response rates from practitioner populations who may be invited to participate in future PBRNs.

      PubDate: 2016-10-08T14:29:03Z
       
  • Relationship of Modic Changes, Disk Herniation Morphology, and Axial
           Location to Outcomes in Symptomatic Cervical Disk Herniation Patients
           Treated With High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulation: A
           Prospective Study
    • Authors: Michel Kressig; Cynthia K. Peterson; Kyle McChurch; Christof Schmid; Serafin Leemann; Bernard Anklin; B. Kim Humphreys
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 September 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Michel Kressig, Cynthia K. Peterson, Kyle McChurch, Christof Schmid, Serafin Leemann, Bernard Anklin, B. Kim Humphreys
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether cervical disk herniation (CDH) location, morphology, or Modic changes (MCs) are related to treatment outcomes. Methods Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and outcome data from 44 patients with CDH treated with spinal manipulative therapy were evaluated. MRI scans were assessed for CDH axial location, morphology, and MCs. Pain (0-10 for neck and arm) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) data were collected at baseline; 2 weeks; 1, 3, and 6 months; and 1 year. The Patient’s Global Impression of Change data were collected at all time points and dichotomized into “improved,” yes or no. Fischer’s exact test compared the proportion improved with MRI abnormalities. Numerical rating scale and NDI scores were compared with MRI abnormalities at baseline and change scores at all time points using the t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Results Patients who were Modic positive had higher baseline NDI scores (P = .02); 77.8% of patients who were Modic positive and 53.3% of patients who were Modic negative reported improvement at 2 weeks (P = .21). Fifty percent of Modic I and 83.3% of Modic II patients were improved at 2 weeks (P = .07). At 3 months and 1 year, all patients with MCs were improved. Patients who were Modic positive had higher NRS and NDI change scores. Patients with central herniations were more likely to improve only at the 2-week time point (P = .022). Conclusions Although patients who were Modic positive had higher baseline NDI scores, the proportion of these patients improved was higher for all time points up to 6 months. Patients with Modic I changes did worse than patients with Modic II changes at only 2 weeks.

      PubDate: 2016-09-30T14:09:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.08.004
       
  • Information for Readers
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 39, Issue 7


      PubDate: 2016-09-15T14:24:59Z
       
  • Assessment of Lumbar Spine Height Following Sustained Lumbar Extension
           Posture: Comparison Between Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography and
           Stadiometry
    • Authors: Virginie Poortmans; Jean-Michel Brismée; Bernard Poortmans; Omer C. Matthijs; Pierre-Michel Dugailly; Stéphane Sobczak
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 September 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Virginie Poortmans, Jean-Michel Brismée, Bernard Poortmans, Omer C. Matthijs, Pierre-Michel Dugailly, Stéphane Sobczak
      Objectives The purpose of this study was to correlate sitting height measured by stadiometry with lumbar spine height (LSH) modifications measured by musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSU). Methods Eighteen healthy young adults were recruited for this study (mean age: 21.5 ± 1.5 years). All subjects were tested in the following sequence: (1) lying supine for 10 minutes, (2) sitting under loaded (9.5 kg) and unloaded conditions for 5 minutes each, (3) lying supine for 15 minutes with passive lumbar extension, and (4) sitting unloaded for 5 minutes. Both stadiometry and MSU measurements were taken after each step of the testing sequence. Results Following the loaded sitting step, sitting height (measured by stadiometry) decreased by 3.4 ± 1.6 mm, whereas following sustained lumbar extension, sitting height increased by 5.4 ± 3.5 mm (P < .05). Following loaded sitting and sustained lumbar extension, LSH decreased by 3.8 ± 1.7 mm and increased by 6.2 ± 4.1 mm, respectively (P < .05). On the basis of the mean differences (between the different steps of the testing sequence), the mean correlation coefficient and the mean coefficient of determination between stadiometry and MSU measurements were calculated at 0.93 ± 0.07 and 0.88 ± 0.13, respectively, and no statistical differences were observed (P > .05). Conclusions In vivo measurements of sitting height changes, measured using stadiometry, were strongly correlated with LSH changes, measured using ultrasonography.

      PubDate: 2016-09-15T14:24:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.003
       
  • Effects of Motor Control Exercise Vs Muscle Stretching Exercise on
           Reducing Compensatory Lumbopelvic Motions and Low Back Pain: A Randomized
           Trial
    • Authors: Kyue-nam Park; Oh-yun Kwon; Chung-hwi Yi; Heon-seock Cynn; Jong-hyuck Weon; Tae-ho Kim; Houng-sik Choi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 September 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
      Author(s): Kyue-nam Park, Oh-yun Kwon, Chung-hwi Yi, Heon-seock Cynn, Jong-hyuck Weon, Tae-ho Kim, Houng-sik Choi
      Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 6-week motor control exercise (MCE) vs stretching exercise (SE) on reducing compensatory pelvic motion during active prone knee flexion (APKF) and intensity of low back pain. Methods Thirty-six people in the lumbar-rotation-extension subgroup were randomly assigned equally into 2 exercise groups (18 people in each an MCE or SE group). A 3-dimensional motion-analysis system was used to measure the range and onset time of pelvic motion and knee flexion during APKF. Surface electromyography was used to measure the muscle activity and onset time of the erector spinae and the hamstrings during APKF. The level of subjective low back pain was measured using a visual analog scale. Results The MCE group had more significant decreases in and delay of anterior pelvic tilt, pelvic rotation, and erector spinae muscle activity during APKF, as well as reduced intensity of low back pain compared with the SE group (P < .05). Conclusions For rehabilitation in patients in the lumbar-rotation-extension subgroup, MCE was more effective than SE in reducing compensatory pelvic motion and muscle activity during APKF and minimizing low back pain.

      PubDate: 2016-09-06T06:33:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.006
       
  • Information for Readers
    • Abstract: Publication date: July–August 2016
      Source:Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Volume 39, Issue 6


      PubDate: 2016-08-14T05:33:41Z
       
 
 
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