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Journal Cover Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1360-8592
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3039 journals]
  • Respiratory dysfunction in patients with chronic neck pain: What is the
           current evidence?
    • Authors: Zacharias Dimitriadis; Eleni Kapreli; Nikolaos Strimpakos; Jacqueline Oldham
      Pages: 704 - 714
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Zacharias Dimitriadis, Eleni Kapreli, Nikolaos Strimpakos, Jacqueline Oldham
      Respiratory function of patients with neck pain has not been given much consideration in usual clinical practice. The problem has however been highlighted occasionally by renown clinical scientists and recently there is a growing interest in the investigation of respiratory function in this clinical population. The aim of this review is to critically present the emerging evidence and discuss the similarities and differences observed. Although the evidence for some respiratory parameters is conflicting, it seems to be generally agreed that others such as maximal voluntary ventilation, strength of respiratory muscles, chest mechanics and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide are affected in patients with chronic neck pain. The effect size of the respiratory dysfunction regarding these respiratory parameters can be approximately described as moderate. These findings not only suggest a more thoughtful drug prescription, but they may lead to consideration of incorporation of respiratory assessment and treatment into routine physiotherapy practice. Indeed preliminary studies exploring the incorporation of such a treatment into usual practice have provided very promising results not only in relation to respiratory function, but also for other parameters of clinical interest. There remains however imminent need for randomized controlled trials to confirm the evidence base for such an approach.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.001
       
  • Multimodal compared to pharmacologic treatments for chronic tension-type
           headache in adolescents
    • Authors: Peter Przekop; Allison Przekop; Mark G. Haviland
      Pages: 715 - 721
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Peter Przekop, Allison Przekop, Mark G. Haviland
      Chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) in children and adolescents is a serious medical condition, with considerable morbidity and few effective, evidence-based treatments. We performed a chart review of 83 adolescents (age range = 13–18 years; 67 girls and 16 boys) diagnosed with CTTH. Two treatment protocols were compared: multimodal (osteopathic manipulative treatments, mindfulness, and qi gong) and pharmacologic (amitriptyline or gabapentin). Four outcomes (headache frequency, pain intensity, general health, and health interference) were assessed at three time points (baseline, 3 months, and 6 months). A fifth outcome, number of bilateral tender points, was recorded at baseline and 6 months. All five were evaluated statistically with a linear mixed model. Although both multimodal and pharmacologic treatments were effective for CTTH (time effects for all measures were significant at p < .001), results from each analysis favored multimodal treatment (the five group by time interaction effects were significant at or below the p < .001 level). Headache frequency in the pharmacologic group, for example, reduced from a monthly average (95% Confidence Interval shown in parentheses) of 23.9 (21.8, 26.0) to 16.4 (14.3, 18.6) and in the multimodal group from 22.3 (20.1, 24.5) to 4.9 (2.6, 7.2) (a substantial group difference). Pain intensity (worst in the last 24 hours, 0-10 scale) was reduced in the pharmacologic group from 6.2 (5.6, 6.9) to 3.4 (2.7, 4.1) and from 6.1 (5.4, 6.8) to 2.0 (1.2, 2.7) in the multimodal group (a less substantial difference). Across the other three assessments, group differences were larger for general health and number of tender points and less so for pain restriction. Multimodal treatment for adolescent CTTH appears to be effective. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these promising results.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.02.003
       
  • T4 syndrome – A distinct theoretical concept or elusive clinical
           entity? A case report
    • Authors: Patricia Miyuki Hirai; Oliver P. Thomson
      Pages: 722 - 727
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Patricia Miyuki Hirai, Oliver P. Thomson
      T4 syndrome has existed as a clinical concept for more than three decades and it has been identified as a source of upper extremity (UE) symptoms. This case report explores the clinical reasoning in the diagnoses and management of a patient with symptoms consistent with T4-type syndrome and critically discusses the concept of T4 syndrome using recent research to help explain the clinical presentation. Manual therapy treatment focused on stimulation of the sympathetic ganglia, decreasing local upper thoracic pain and UE referral pattern noted during passive examination. The successful outcomes included immediate and lasting symptom relief after upper thoracic spinal manipulation. Although treatment has been based on the theory that mechanical thoracic dysfunction can produce sympathetic nervous system (SNS) referred pain, the role the sympathetic reflexes potentially plays on the referral symptoms to the UE presently remains unclear.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.008
       
  • Does leg predomination affect the measurement of vasti muscle activity
           during single leg squatting? A reliability study
    • Authors: Javid Mostamand; Dan L. Bader; Zoë Hudson
      Pages: 728 - 733
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Javid Mostamand, Dan L. Bader, Zoë Hudson
      Introduction Although measuring vasti muscle activity may reveal whether pain relief is associated with altering this parameter during functional activities in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), it may be necessary to determine whether the inherent properties of the dominant leg influences the reliability of measuring VMO/VL amplitude. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of leg predomination on reliability testing of the VMO/VL amplitude measurement during single leg squatting in healthy subjects. Methods Using an electromyography (EMG) unit, the ratio amplitudes of VMO and VL muscles of ten healthy subjects with a right dominant leg was assessed during single leg squatting. Data was collected from two silver–silver surface electrodes placed over the muscle bellies of the VMO and VL. This procedure was performed on the both right and left legs, during three separate single leg squats from a neutral position to a depth of approximately 30° of knee flexion. Subjects were then asked to repeat the test procedure after a minimum of a week's interval. The amplitude of VMO and VL were then calculated using root mean square (RMS). Results There was no significant difference between the VMO/VL amplitude mean values of paired test of right (mean, SD of 0.85, 0.10) and left knees (mean, SD of 0.82, 0.10) (p > 0.05). The CV (coefficient of variation) values during within and between session tests, revealed the high repeatability and reproducibility of VMO/VL amplitude measurements on both knees. The ICC (intra class correlation coefficient) values during within and between sessions tests showed the high reliability of these measurements on both knees. Conclusion The high reliability of VMO/VL amplitude measurements on both dominant and non-dominant legs of healthy subjects suggests that the VMO/VL amplitude measurement would not be influenced by the leg predomination during single leg squatting.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.012
       
  • Is there an association between women's consultations with a massage
           therapist and health-related quality of life? Analyses of 1800 women aged
           56–61 years
    • Authors: Jane Frawley; Wenbo Peng; David Sibbritt; Lesley Ward; Romy Lauche; Yan Zhang; Jon Adams
      Pages: 734 - 739
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Jane Frawley, Wenbo Peng, David Sibbritt, Lesley Ward, Romy Lauche, Yan Zhang, Jon Adams
      Background The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonplace in Australia with massage being a popular CAM modality. Methods This is a sub-study from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). A total of 2120 mid-age (56–61 year old) women who consulted a CAM practitioner were invited to participate in this study. The Short-Form (SF-36) questionnaire was used to measure women's health-related quality of life. Results A total of 1800 women returned the questionnaire generating a response rate of 85.0%. Overall, 912 (50.7%) women visited a massage therapist in the previous 12 months. Women with lower quality of life scores in terms of bodily pain (p = 0.012) and/or emotional health (p = 0.029) were more likely to consult a massage therapist than those with higher scores. Conclusion The implications of these associations are important for informing healthcare providers in providing effective and coordinated care for patients with pain and mood symptoms.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.008
       
  • Changes in co-contraction during stair descent after manual therapy
           protocol in knee osteoarthritis: A pilot, single-blind, randomized study
    • Authors: Carlos Cruz-Montecinos; Rodrigo Flores-Cartes; Agustín Montt-Rodriguez; Esteban Pozo; Alvaro Besoaín-Saldaña; Giselle Horment-Lara
      Pages: 740 - 747
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Rodrigo Flores-Cartes, Agustín Montt-Rodriguez, Esteban Pozo, Alvaro Besoaín-Saldaña, Giselle Horment-Lara
      Introduction Manual therapy has shown clinical results in patients with knee osteoarthritis. However, the biomechanical aspects during functional tasks have not been explored in depth. Methods Through surface electromyography, the medial and lateral co-contractions of the knee were measured while descending stairs, prior and posterior to applying a manual therapy protocol in the knee, with emphasis on techniques of joint mobilization and soft-tissue management. Results Sixteen females with slight or moderate knee osteoarthritis were recruited (eight experimental, eight control). It was observed that the lateral co-contraction index of the experimental group, posterior to intervention, increased by 11.7% (p = 0.014). Conclusions The application of a manual therapy protocol with emphasis on techniques of joint mobilization and soft-tissue management modified lateral co-contraction, which would have a protective effect on the joint.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.017
       
  • Low level light therapy and tattoos: A case report
    • Authors: Teresa Ingenito
      Pages: 748 - 750
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Teresa Ingenito
      Background and purpose Physical therapists (PTs) frequently provide neuromusculoskeletal treatment for patients who incidentally may have one or more tattoos. Low level light therapy (LLLT) is one of the modalities commonly used by physical therapists to decrease pain and facilitate healing. Case description This case report describes a 22 year old man who was given LLLT to address his complaints of musculoskeletal pain. Outcomes Blistering of the skin was documented over the LLLT application site, a black tattoo. Discussion The blisters, which formed after the LLLT treatment were most likely caused by the inadvertent and unexpected heating of the iron oxides and/or the metal salts in the tattoo's black pigment. PTs should exercise caution when applying LLLT in the presence of dark tattoos.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.016
       
  • Older adult Alexander Technique practitioners walk differently than
           healthy age-matched controls
    • Authors: Kate A. Hamel; Christopher Ross; Brooke Schultz; Matthew O'Neill; David I. Anderson
      Pages: 751 - 760
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Kate A. Hamel, Christopher Ross, Brooke Schultz, Matthew O'Neill, David I. Anderson
      The Alexander Technique (AT) seeks to eliminate harmful patterns of tension that interfere with the control of posture and movement and in doing so, it may serve as a viable intervention method for increasing gait efficacy in older adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the comfortable pace gait kinematics of older AT practitioners with those of healthy, age-matched controls. Participants were six licensed AT practitioners and seven healthy age-matched controls between the ages of 61–76. During the stance phase, AT participants exhibited significantly greater ankle stance range of motion (ROM) and plantar flexion at toe off, as well as lower ROM of the trunk and head compared to controls. During the swing phase, the AT practitioners had significantly increased hip and knee flexion and a trend toward significantly increased dorsiflexion. The findings suggest that the older AT practitioners walked with gait patterns more similar to those found in the literature for younger adults. These promising results highlight the need for further research to assess the AT's potential role as an intervention method for ameliorating the deleterious changes in gait that occur with aging.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.009
       
  • Assessment of the posture of adolescents in everyday clinical practice:
           Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability and validity of a posture index
    • Authors: Oliver Ludwig; Annette Hammes; Jens Kelm; Eduard Schmitt
      Pages: 761 - 766
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Oliver Ludwig, Annette Hammes, Jens Kelm, Eduard Schmitt
      Objectives The assessment of the posture of children and adolescents using photometric methods has a long tradition in paediatrics, manual therapy and physiotherapy. It can be well integrated into the clinical routine and enables objective documentation. One-dimensional parameters such as angle sizes are mostly used in the diagnosis of postural defects in children and adolescents by means of photogrammetry. This study examined the posture index, a complex parameter, which evaluates the alignment of several trunk segments in the sagittal plane and is suitable for use as a screening parameter in everyday clinical practice. Methods For this postural photographs were taken in the sagittal plane of the habitual posture in a subgroup of 105 adolescents (12.9 ± 2.6 years) for analysing validity, and in a subgroup of 25 adolescents (12.1 ± 2.8 years) for analysing reliability and objectivity. Marker spheres (12 mm) were placed on five anatomical landmarks. The posture was also evaluated clinically by experienced investigators (PT, MD, DSc). The distances of the marker points to the plumb line through the malleolus lateralis were calculated and the posture index calculated from these. In order to determine the objectivity, reliability and validity of the posture index, statistical parameters were calculated. Results The posture index demonstrated very good objectivity (intraclass correlation coefficient ICC = 0.865), good reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.842) and good validity compared to the posture assessment done by the medical experts (Spearman's rho = 0.712). Conclusions The posture index reflects a doctor's assessment of the posture of children and adolescents and is suitable as a clinical parameter for the assessment of postural defects.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.004
       
  • The influence of Positional Release Therapy on the myofascial trigger
           points of the upper trapezius muscle in computer users
    • Authors: M. Mohammadi Kojidi; F. Okhovatian; A. Rahimi; A.A. Baghban; H. Azimi
      Pages: 767 - 773
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): M. Mohammadi Kojidi, F. Okhovatian, A. Rahimi, A.A. Baghban, H. Azimi
      Objective The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of Positional Release Therapy (PRT) in computer users via latent trigger points (LTrPs) of the upper trapezius muscle. Materials and methods Twenty-eight women with the upper trapezius MTrPs participated in this study. Subjects were randomly classified into two groups (14 in each group): the subjects in the Group 1 received PRT in shortened position while those in the group 2 received sham control in the neutral position of the upper trapezius muscle. They received three therapy sessions every other day for one week. The local pain intensity and Pressure pain threshold (PPT) were measured via Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and algometry, respectively, before interventions and repeated 5 min after the first and third treatment sessions in each group. Results One-way ANOVA was used for data analysis. After treatment, between groups comparison revealed that for PPT and VAS, there were significant differences between the two groups (VAS and PPT; P < 0.05). Conclusion Both groups (PRT and sham control) showed alleviation of pain and increase in PPT during three sessions of therapy although PRT showed to be more effective in these patients.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.006
       
  • The effect of extremity strength training on fibromyalgia symptoms and
           disease impact in an existing multidisciplinary treatment program
    • Authors: Tamara Kas; Megan Colby; Maureen Case; Dan Vaughn
      Pages: 774 - 783
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Tamara Kas, Megan Colby, Maureen Case, Dan Vaughn
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of upper and lower body extremity strengthening exercise in patients with Fibromyalgia (FM) within an existing multidisciplinary treatment program. Participants Patients between the ages of 18–65 with the medical diagnosis of FM. Methods Comparative study design. The control and experimental group received the same multidisciplinary treatment except that the experimental group performed upper and lower extremity strengthening exercises. Outcome Measures The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was administered at evaluation and discharge from the program in order to measure change in quality of life (QOL). Results Statistically significant changes in FIQ scores were found for both groups. The addition of extremity strengthening in the experimental group produced an average 4 points greater reduction in FIQ score, however, these results are not considered statistically significant. Conclusions This study appears to validate the success of a multidisciplinary approach in treating patients with FM, with the possibility for further benefit with the addition of extremity strengthening.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.01.005
       
  • The biomechanical model in manual therapy: Is there an ongoing crisis or
           just the need to revise the underlying concept and application?
    • Authors: Christian Lunghi; Paolo Tozzi; Giampiero Fusco
      Pages: 784 - 799
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Christian Lunghi, Paolo Tozzi, Giampiero Fusco
      Different approaches to body biomechanics are based on the classical concept of “ideal posture” which is regarded as the state where body mass is distributed in such a way that ligamentous tensions neutralize the force of gravity and muscles retain their normal tone, as result of the integration of somatic components related to posture and balance mechanisms. When compromised, optimal posture can be restored through the balanced and effective use of musculoskeletal components; however, various research findings and the opinion of experts in this field suggest a move away from the dogmas that have characterized the idea of health dependent on ideal posture, to promote instead dynamic approaches based on the interdependency of the body systems as well as on the full participation of the person in the healing process. Following these concepts, this article proposes a revised biomechanical model that sees posture as the temporary result of the individual's current ability to adapt to the existing allostatic load through the dynamic interaction of extero-proprio-interoceptive information integrated at a neuromyofascial level. Treatments using this revised model aim to restore the optimal posture available to the person in that particular given moment, through the efficient and balanced use of neuro–myofascia–skeletal components in order to normalize aberrant postural responses, to promote interoceptive and proprioceptive integration and to optimize individual responses to the existing allostatic load. The latter is achieved via multimodal programs of intervention, in a salutogenic approach that, from a traditional perspective, evolves on an anthropological basis, to the point of centering its work on the person.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.01.004
       
  • Comparison between static stretching and the Pilates method on the
           flexibility of older women
    • Authors: Laís Campos de Oliveira; Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira; Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
      Pages: 800 - 806
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
      Introduction Flexibility decreases with advancing age and some forms of exercise, such as static stretching and Pilates, can contribute to the improvement of this physical ability. Objective To compare the effects of static stretching and Pilates on the flexibility of healthy older women, over the age of 60 years. Method Thirty-two volunteers were randomized into two groups (Static stretching or Pilates) to perform exercises for 60 min, twice a week, for three months. Evaluations to analyze the movements of the trunk (flexion and extension), hip flexion and plantar and dorsiflexion of the ankle were performed before and after the intervention, using a fleximeter. Results The static stretching exercises improved the trunk flexion and hip flexion movements, while the Pilates improved all evaluated movements. However, over time, the groups presented differences only for the trunk extension movement. Conclusion For some body segments, Pilates may be more effective for improving flexibility in older women compared to static stretching.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.01.008
       
  • The effect of Kinesio taping technique on trigger points of the piriformis
           muscle
    • Authors: Fahimeh Hashemirad; Noureddin Karimi; Roshanak Keshavarz
      Pages: 807 - 814
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Fahimeh Hashemirad, Noureddin Karimi, Roshanak Keshavarz
      Background Kinesio taping (KT) is a novel method which has recently emerged as a viable option to treat various musculoskeletal and neuromuscular deficits. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of KT on pain and hip joint range of motion (ROM) in individuals with myofacial trigger points in the piriformis muscle. Methods 51 patients with involvement of the piriformis muscle were assigned to experimental (N = 33) or control (N = 18) groups. The experimental group received KT with unloading techniques on the piriformis muscle and they were asked to keep this tape in place for three days. Pain and internal rotation (IR) of hip joints were measured at baseline, immediately after the KT application, and at a 72-h follow-up. Results The analysis of repeated measurement ANOVA yielded no main effects, but the interactions between group and time for each dependent variable (pain and ROM) were significant. A post-hoc analysis revealed significant improvement in pain and hip IR immediately postapplication and at a 72-h follow up in the KT group, while no significant change were found on dependent variables in the control group. Discussion Our findings suggests that KT application may be effective for pain relief and increasing ROM in patients with myofacial trigger points in the piriformis muscle.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.002
       
  • The effectiveness of Pilates on balance and falls in community dwelling
           older adults
    • Authors: Sharon Josephs; Mary Lee Pratt; Emily Calk Meadows; Stephanie Thurmond; Amy Wagner
      Pages: 815 - 823
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Sharon Josephs, Mary Lee Pratt, Emily Calk Meadows, Stephanie Thurmond, Amy Wagner
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine whether Pilates is more effective than traditional strength and balance exercises for improving balance measures, balance confidence and reducing falls in community dwelling older adults with fall risk. Method Thirty-one participants with fall risk were randomly assigned to the Pilates group (PG) or the traditional exercise group (TG). Both groups participated in 12 weeks of exercise, 2 times/week for 1 h. Results There was significant improvement in the Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale for both the PG (mean difference = 6.31, p < .05) and the TG (mean difference = 7.45, p = .01). The PG also showed significant improvement in the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (mean difference = 10.57, p = .008). Conclusion Both Pilates and traditional balance programs are effective at improving balance measures in community dwelling older adults with fall risk, with the Pilates group showing improved balance confidence.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.003
       
  • Predictive models of six-minute walking distance in adults with sickle
           cell anemia: Implications for rehabilitation
    • Authors: Cirlene de Lima Marinho; Maria Christina Paixão Maioli; Andrea Ribeiro Soares; Ricardo Bedirian; Pedro Lopes de Melo; Fernando Silva Guimarães; Arthur de Sá Ferreira; Agnaldo José Lopes
      Pages: 824 - 831
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Cirlene de Lima Marinho, Maria Christina Paixão Maioli, Andrea Ribeiro Soares, Ricardo Bedirian, Pedro Lopes de Melo, Fernando Silva Guimarães, Arthur de Sá Ferreira, Agnaldo José Lopes
      Background Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is characterized by a broad spectrum of abnormalities that affect most body organs and systems. To date, there is few data on the influence of these patients' clinical characteristics on the functional exercise capacity. Aim To investigate the effect of the clinical complications on the functional exercise capacity of adult SCA patients. Method Cross-sectional study, where 45 SCA patients underwent clinical evaluations, echocardiography, pulmonary function testing, and determination of six-minute walking distance (6MWD). Results A significant correlation (P < 0.001) was found between 6MWD and hemoglobin (Hb) level, tricuspid regurgitation velocity, forced vital capacity, acute chest syndrome, and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide. The prediction model for 6MWD explained 67% of the 6MWD variability (P < 0.001). Conclusions Hemodynamics, cardiovascular function, pulmonary function, and episodes of acute lung injury seem to impact the 6MWD in adults with SCA.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.005
       
  • Non-invasive methods of computer vision in the posture evaluation of
           adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    • Authors: Rozilene Maria C. Aroeira; Estevam B. de Las Casas; Antônio Eustáquio M. Pertence; Marcelo Greco; João Manuel R.S. Tavares
      Pages: 832 - 843
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Rozilene Maria C. Aroeira, Estevam B. de Las Casas, Antônio Eustáquio M. Pertence, Marcelo Greco, João Manuel R.S. Tavares
      Purpose Reviewing techniques for non-invasive postural evaluation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) based on information extraction from images based on computer methods. Methods The Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE, ScieLo and PubMed databases were used, for the period 2011–2015. Results 131 articles were found based on keyword of which 15 articles met the established eligibility criteria. Of these, 4 were based on photogrammetry, and 11 based on laser, structured light, ultrasound, and Moiré projection. In these studies, the methodological quality varied from low to high. Conclusions The findings indicated diversity in methodologies; 14/15 articles reviewed were limited to the evaluation of the topography of the posterior back. A study, using two-dimensional photogrammetry, presented a whole body postural evaluation. As the asymmetry in AIS can be extended to the whole body, more attention should be given to develop full body assessment techniques to provide important additional data to aid in treatment decisions.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.004
       
  • The effect of adding myofascial techniques to an exercise programme for
           patients with anterior knee pain
    • Authors: Gustavo Telles; Delmany R. Cristovão; Fabiana Azevedo Terra Cunha Belache; Mariana Rezende Araujo Santos; Renato Santos de Almeida; Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
      Pages: 844 - 850
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Gustavo Telles, Delmany R. Cristovão, Fabiana Azevedo Terra Cunha Belache, Mariana Rezende Araujo Santos, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
      Anterior knee pain is a common complaint and can cause difficulty with its inability to bear weight. The aim of the study was to analyse the effect of adding myofascial techniques to an exercise programme for patients with anterior knee pain. A clinical trial with 18 patients with a clinical diagnosis of anterior knee pain was conducted. One group (E) with nine individuals was treated with hip muscle strengthening exercises; another group (EM), with nine individuals, had myofascial techniques added. To quantify the results, the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) were used. The E group showed an improvement in pain (p = 0.02), but not in the mean degree of disability. The EM group showed an improvement in pain (p = 0.01), as well as the degree of disability (p = 0.008). The effect size analysis showed that participants of the EM group had a greater impact on clinical pain and disability (Cohen's d = .35 and .30, respectively). The addition of myofascial techniques should be considered to improve the functionality of the lower limbs and reduce pain in patients with anterior knee pain.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.007
       
  • Comparison of the effect of different modalities of physical exercise on
           functionality and anthropometric measurements in community-dwelling older
           women
    • Authors: Ana Paula Sena Lomba Vasconcelos; Diogo Correia Cardozo; Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti; Giancarlo Lucchetti
      Pages: 851 - 856
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Ana Paula Sena Lomba Vasconcelos, Diogo Correia Cardozo, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
      The present study aims to assess the effect of different modalities of physical exercises (“Functional Gymnastics”–FG, “Resistance Training”–RT and “Pilates combined with Hydrogymnastics”–PCH) on functional capacity and anthropometric measurements of 148 older women (60 years old or more). A comparative observational study was conducted. Functional and anthropometric measurements were assessed at baseline and after 16 weeks. All groups assessed showed significant changes between baseline and post-training. On the comparison of pre and post-training, differences in anthropometric measurements but not in functional test performance were found. The PCH had greater weight loss compared to the FG and RT, reduction in BMI compared to the FG and RT; reduction in waist compared to the FG and RT, and in hip compared to the RT. Although all groups improved, Pilates/Hydrogymnastics combination was more strongly associated with reductions in weight, BMI, waist and hip measurements but not functionality, than other modalities. These results highlight the role of combination physical exercise training in older women.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.010
       
  • The effect of kinesiology tape on knee proprioception in healthy subjects
    • Authors: Rui Torres; Raquel Trindade; Rui Soles Gonçalves
      Pages: 857 - 862
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Rui Torres, Raquel Trindade, Rui Soles Gonçalves
      Background Kinesiology tape can improve athletic performance; however, due to cutaneous stimulation its application can have an influence on proprioception. Objectives To determine the effects of kinesiology tape on knee proprioception applied to quadriceps, namely in the joint position sense (JPS) and in the threshold to detect passive movement (TTDPM), both immediately after and 24 h after its application. Methods Thirty young healthy participants were randomly divided into experimental and control group. In the experimental group, a kinesiology tape on the quadriceps muscle was applied. The JPS and the TTDPM of the knee was assessed before, immediately after and 24 h after the kinesiology tape intervention. Results No significant differences were found in the assessment made before intervention. The Friedman Test showed that kinesiology tape had no influence on JPS in either group over time (p > 0.05). However, the TTDPM decreased significantly immediately after and 24 h after its application (p < 0.05).

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.009
       
  • The effectiveness of manual versus algometer pressure release techniques
           for treating active myofascial trigger points of the upper trapezius
    • Authors: Walaa Abu Taleb; Aliaa Rehan Youssef; Amir Saleh
      Pages: 863 - 869
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Walaa Abu Taleb, Aliaa Rehan Youssef, Amir Saleh
      Manual pressure release (MPR) is a popular treatment of trigger points. Yet, treatment response may be influenced by inconsistent application of pressure. Further, it may contribute to increased risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the wrist and hand in therapists. Therefore, this study aimed at introducing a novel method to apply pressure using the algometer and to compare its effectiveness to MPR. Forty-five volunteers with active trigger points of the upper trapezius received algometer pressure release (APR), MPR, or sham ultrasound (US). Pain pressure threshold (PPT) and contralateral active and passive neck side-bending ranges were assessed at baseline and immediately after a single session. Results showed no significant differences in post-treatment PPT between the study groups (p > 0.05). The APR group showed a significant increase in passive side-bending range compared with the two other groups, whereas active range improved in the APR compared with the US group (p < 0.05). Our results show that using algometer to apply pressure release to upper trapezius trigger points is more effective compared with manual release and sham US.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.008
       
  • Neurodynamic treatment for patients with nerve-related leg pain: Protocol
           for a randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Giovanni E. Ferreira; Fábio F. Stieven; Francisco X. Araújo; Matheus Wiebusch; Carolina G. Rosa; Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz; Marcelo F. Silva
      Pages: 870 - 878
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 20, Issue 4
      Author(s): Giovanni E. Ferreira, Fábio F. Stieven, Francisco X. Araújo, Matheus Wiebusch, Carolina G. Rosa, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Marcelo F. Silva
      Objectives To investigate if neurodynamic treatment is more effective than advice to remain active in patients with nerve-related leg pain. Design Parallel-group randomized controlled trial blinded to the outcome assessor conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Participants Sixty patients recruited from the community and private practices. Intervention Patients will be randomly assigned to receive four sessions of neurodynamic treatment over two weeks comprising passive lumbar foramen opening and neurodynamic sliders plus home exercises or advice to remain active. Main outcome measures Leg pain intensity, disability, low back pain intensity, functional ability, symptoms distribution and global impression of recovery will be assessed at two and four weeks after randomization. Analysis A linear mixed model will be employed for each outcome following intention to treat principles.

      PubDate: 2016-11-04T22:33:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.02.012
       
  • Scapular dyskinesis among competitive swimmers
    • Authors: Maayan Bussiba Maor; Tatyana Ronin; Leonid Kalichman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Maayan Bussiba Maor, Tatyana Ronin, Leonid Kalichman
      Aim To evaluate the prevalence of scapular dyskinesis (SD) in competitive swimmers during training sessions. Methods Repeated measurement observational study.20 young competitive swimmers were filmed before, at midpoint and at the end of a training session, performing shoulder flexion and abduction. SD was examined separately by two assessors. Demographic and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaires were collected. Results SD was observed in 30% of the swimmers before training, in 70%, an hour later, and in 80%, upon completion of the training session. The difference between the baseline and mid-practice was close to significance (p-value = 0.055), and between mid-practice and end of practice was significant (p = 0.004). Conclusions This study confirmed that the prevalence of SD increases throughout a training session in most swimmers. The main reason might be fatigue of the muscles which stabilize the scapula, therefore, when examining a sportsmen's shoulder, it is important to examine the SD post-training or following simulation of the training session in the clinic.

      PubDate: 2016-12-02T23:03:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.011
       
  • The effects of inter-trial interval on implicit learning of sequential
           visual isometric pinch task
    • Authors: Fahimeh Hashemirad; Paul B. Fitzgerald; Maryam Zoghi; Masoumeh Hashemirad; Shapour Jaberzadeh
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Fahimeh Hashemirad, Paul B. Fitzgerald, Maryam Zoghi, Masoumeh Hashemirad, Shapour Jaberzadeh
      Sequential visual isometric pinch task (SVIPT) has been recently used as a visuomotor sequence task in clinical research. The influence of varying intervals between sequenced trials on the acquisition of implicit sequence learning is not yet determined for SVIPT. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inter-trial interval (ITI) on implicit motor sequence learning using SVIPT. A total of 32 healthy participants with mean age 31.3 ± 4.5 years participated in this study. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four ITI groups; (1, 2, 3 and 4 sec). They were instructed to control their force on a force transducer to reach a number of targets which appeared on the computer screen by changing the pinch force exerted onto the transducer. In this study, outcome measures were movement time, error rate and skill, which were measured before and after training. Our results indicated that motor sequence learning similarly affected various ITIs. Indeed, all participants exhibited same improvement in implicit learning of SVIPT even though the ITIs varied from 1 to 4 sec. Our findings suggest that implicit learning of SVIPT is independent of ITI within this range in healthy individuals.

      PubDate: 2016-12-02T23:03:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.014
       
  • Does Ultrasound therapy add to the effects of exercise and mobilization in
           frozen shoulder' A pilot randomized double-blind clinical trial
    • Authors: Safoora Ebadi; Bijan Forogh; Ehsan Fallah; Arash Babaei Ghazani
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Safoora Ebadi, Bijan Forogh, Ehsan Fallah, Arash Babaei Ghazani
      Objective This study intended to determine the extent to which Ultrasound could add to the effects of exercise and manual therapy in the rehabilitation treatment of primary adhesive capsulitis. Design A pilot double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 50 patients suffering from primary adhesive capsulitis. Intervention included continuous 3 MHz, 1.5 w/cm2 Ultrasound, applied for the first group and sham Ultrasound for the second group. In addition specific stretching and strengthening exercises as well as glenohumeral joint mobilization were delivered to both groups. Pain (VAS), functional ability (using Oxford Shoulder Score) and shoulder range of motion were assessed at the baseline, after 10 sessions of treatment, and at 3 months follow-up. An intention to treat Mixed ANOVA analysis was performed to explore the interaction effects of time and group on outcome measures. Results No significant interaction effect of time and group was seen on pain, function and Range of Motion (p>.05), meaning that the amount of improvement in all outcome measures were alike in the two groups. Conclusion Applying continuous Ultrasound along with a regimen of semi supervised exercise and mobilization in patients with primary adhesive capsulitis did not have any additional effect to the placebo Ultrasound, on outcome measures. Larger scale studies are needed to confirm the findings.

      PubDate: 2016-12-02T23:03:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.013
       
  • The intra-rater reliability of locating and measuring the severity of
           latent trigger points in the quadriceps
    • Authors: Richie Walsh; Sharon Kinsella; Johnson McEvoy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 December 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Richie Walsh, Sharon Kinsella, Johnson McEvoy
      Background Trigger points (TrPs) in the lower-limb are under-investigated and may be a contributory factor in knee pathologies. Objectives The purpose of this study was to establish the intra-rater reliability of assessing the location and severity of latent TrPs in the quadriceps. Methods Twenty-nine asymptomatic subjects were palpated for TrPs in the middle and quadriceps. The location and severity was then measured using the anatomical landmark system (ALS) and pain pressure threshold (PPT). The subject was re-tested the next day. Results The intra-class coefficient [ICC(3,1)] for the ALSs and PPTs were found to be reliable. Gender appears to be a factor in the severity of TrPs in the quadriceps. Females reported some of the features of TrPs more often than males (jump sign, twitch response, referred pain). Conclusion Further investigation is needed to understand the relationship between TrPs around the knee and knee pathologies, particularly in females.

      PubDate: 2016-12-02T23:03:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.015
       
  • Attention-demand effects on respiration in chronic low back pain patients
    • Authors: Babak Goosheh; Majid Ravanbakhsh; Mahyar Salavati; Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani; Behnam Akhbari; Amir Hossein Kahlaee
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 December 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Babak Goosheh, Majid Ravanbakhsh, Mahyar Salavati, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Behnam Akhbari, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
      Increasing attention is being drawn towards the involvement of systems other than the musculoskeletal one in the presence of low back pain (LBP). Recent evidence suggests both cognitive and respiratory functions to be affected in LBP patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of performance of a cognitive task on the respiratory function in LBP patients with that in control participants. Capnography and spirometry parameters of 48 participants (24 in each group) were assessed under 3 cognitive loading conditions (no, easy and difficult cognitive task). The results showed that in both groups the respiratory function was significantly affected by the introduction of the cognitive task (p < 0.05) and in the same manner (p > 0.05). Capnography and spirometry variables alterations were significantly correlated in the no-LBP group (p < 0.05) but there was no significant relationship between respiratory parameters and capnogrpahy and disability indices in the LBP group (p > 0.05). The findings of the current study suggest that while performing a cognitive task affects respiratory function, the possible differences of LBP patients and control participants may not be elicited under simple non-physically demanding postural conditions.

      PubDate: 2016-12-02T23:03:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.016
       
  • The Bench Press: The most misunderstood lift in Strength &amp;
           Conditioning
    • Authors: Brian Carroll; D.C. Craig Liebenson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Brian Carroll, D.C. Craig Liebenson


      PubDate: 2016-11-25T15:22:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.010
       
  • Change and continuity at JBMT
    • Authors: Leon Chaitow
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow


      PubDate: 2016-11-25T15:22:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.009
       
  • A critical overview of the current myofascial pain literature –
           January 2017
    • Authors: Jan Dommerholt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Jan Dommerholt
      Due to a change in the production schedule of this journal, two issues of this article were due within a month of each other, which precluded the usual group of authors to contribute to the current paper, but they will return with the next issue. This overview includes several articles questioning the use of dry needling (DN) by non-acupuncturists, which continues to be a controversial topic especially in the United States. Several researchers examined the effects of manual trigger point (TrP) techniques applied to TrPs in the upper trapezius muscle. The results were mixed and not necessarily consistent among studies. The research of the clinical management of TrPs is still limited, because of small sample sizes, insufficient power, the inherent risk of the introduction of bias, and poor study methodologies.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.005
       
  • Calf stretching in correct alignment. An important consideration in
           plantar fasciopathies
    • Authors: Mark Silvester
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Mark Silvester
      Stretching of the calf muscles is important in the treatment of plantar fasciopathy. In order to correctly stretch the calf muscles without strain on the plantar fascia the correct alignment of the lower limb should be maintained. A clinical method of achieving this is presented along with a practical guide to assisting the patient to become familiar with correct lower limb alignment.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.002
       
  • Effect of self-myofascial release on myofascial pain, muscle flexibility,
           and strength: A narrative review
    • Authors: Leonid Kalichman; Chen Ben David
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leonid Kalichman, Chen Ben David
      Background Numerous techniques have been employed to treat myofascial pain syndrome. Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a relatively new technique of soft tissue mobilization. The simplicity and portability of the SMFR tools allow it to be easily implemented in any type of fitness or rehabilitation program. It is an active method and can be used by anyone at home or at the workplace. Objective To review the current methods of SMFR, their mechanisms, and efficacy in treating myofascial pain, improving muscle flexibility and strength. Methods PubMed, Google Scholar, and PEDro databases were searched without search limitations from inception until July 2016 for terms relating to SMFR. Results and conclusions During the past decade, therapists and fitness professionals have implemented SMFR mainly via foam rolling as a recovery or maintenance tool. Researchers observed a significant increase in the joint range of motion after using the SMFR technique and no decrease in muscle force or changes in performance after treatment with SMFR. SMFR has been widely used by health-care professionals in treating myofascial pain. However, we found no clinical trials which evaluated the influence of SMFR on myofascial pain. There is an acute need for these trials to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of SMFR in the treatment of the myofascial syndrome.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.006
       
  • Plantar heel pain
    • Authors: Warrick McNeill; Mark Silvester
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Warrick McNeill, Mark Silvester


      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.001
       
  • Defining the fascial system
    • Authors: Sue Adstrum; Gil Hedley; Robert Schleip; Carla Stecco; Can A. Yucesoy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Sue Adstrum, Gil Hedley, Robert Schleip, Carla Stecco, Can A. Yucesoy
      Fascia is a widely used yet indistinctly defined anatomical term that is concurrently applied to the description of soft collagenous connective tissue, distinct sections of membranous tissue, and a body pervading soft connective tissue system. Inconsistent use of this term is causing concern due to its potential to confuse technical communication about fascia in global, multiple discipline- and multiple profession-spanning discourse environments. The Fascia Research Society acted to address this issue by establishing a Fascia Nomenclature Committee (FNC) whose purpose was to clarify the terminology relating to fascia. This committee has since developed and defined the terms a fascia, and, more recently, the fascial system. This article reports on the FNC's proposed definition of the fascial system.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.003
       
  • Comment on ‘Defining the fascial system’
    • Authors: Graham Scarr; CBiol
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Graham Scarr CBiol


      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
       
  • The acute effects of ankle mobilisations on lower extremity joint
           kinematics
    • Authors: Louis P. Howe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Louis P. Howe
      Introduction Previous investigations have identified compensatory movement strategies (CMS) within the lower extremity or lumbopelvic complex during closed chain exercises may be associated with a loss of ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM). The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of ankle mobilisations on proximal joint kinematics during a movement task that demands a high amount of ankle dorsiflexion ROM. Methods Eight healthy males (mean (SD) age 25 (4) years) demonstrating side-to-side asymmetry during the weight-bearing lunge test (WBLT) and CMS during the single-leg step-down exercise were accepted for this study. Participants completed five repetitions of a single-leg step-down, both before and after an ankle mobilisation intervention aimed at improving joint athrokinematics. A Vicon motion capture system recorded 3D joint and segment kinematics of the ankle, knee, hip and pelvis. A paired samples t-test was used to identify significant changes of lower extremity joint kinematics during the single-leg step-down, before and after mobilisation. Results Following the mobilisation intervention, statistically significant gains in ankle dorsiflexion ROM were identified during the WBLT [mean difference 2.425 (0.9377) centimeters, t = −7.315, p < 0.01]. No evidence was found of altered joint kinematics during the single-leg step-down. Conclusion These findings indicate that increases in ankle dorsiflexion ROM do not automatically integrate into functional movement tasks.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.007
       
  • Evaluation of knee range of motion: Correlation between measurements using
           a universal goniometer and a smartphone goniometric application
    • Authors: Rafael Aparecido Dos Santos; Viviane Derhon; Michelle Brandalize; Danielle Brandalize; Luciano Pavan Rossi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Rafael Aparecido Dos Santos, Viviane Derhon, Michelle Brandalize, Danielle Brandalize, Luciano Pavan Rossi
      Background Goniometers are commonly used to measure range of motion in the musculoskeletal system. Recently smartphone goniometry applications have become available to clinicians. Objective Compare angular measures using a universal goniometer and a smartphone application. Methods Thirty four healthy women with at least 20° of limited range of motion regarding knee extension were recruited. Knee flexion angles of the dominant limb were measured with a universal goniometer and the ROM© goniometric application for the smartphone. Three trained examiners compared the two assessment tools. Results Strong correlations were found between the measures of the universal goniometer and smartphone application (Pearson's correlation and interclass correlation coefficient > 0.93). The measurements with both devices demonstrated low dispersion and little variation. Conclusion Measurements obtained using the smartphone goniometric application analyzed are as reliable as those of a universal goniometer. This application is therefore a useful tool for the evaluation of knee range of motion.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.008
       
  • How many physical therapy sessions are required to reach a good outcome in
           symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis' A retrospective study
    • Authors: Silvano Ferrari; Jorge Hugo Villafañe; Pedro Berjano; Carla Vanti; Marco Monticone
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Silvano Ferrari, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pedro Berjano, Carla Vanti, Marco Monticone
      Background There is a lack of conclusive information about the optimal dosage of physical therapy treatments in Spondylolisthesis (SPL) patients. Purpose The present study attempted to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of two different doses in reaching similar clinical outcomes. Methods A retrospective cohort study of 64 consecutive patients admitted for physical therapy with symptomatic lumbar grade I SPL (42 ±15years, 57% female) was conducted. At the end of the treatment, all participants were retrospectively assigned to one of two groups, receiving either 5-8 or 9-12 sessions (experimental or control group, respectively) of physical therapy treatments. The Prone Bridge Test (PBT) and the Supine Bridge Test (SBT) were used to measure muscular endurance. Results The area under the ROC curve for the PBT was 0.64 (95% CI 0.45–0.83) and for the SBT was 0.57 (95% CI 0.33-0.80). The optimal cutoff points were 25.5s for the PBT and 55.0s for the SBT. Logistic regression revealed that PBT (OR=1.062) was associated with SPL. The final regression model explained 77.4% (R2=0.341; p=0.024) of the variability. Conclusions In this sample, the number of sessions required to achieve satisfactory outcomes ranged from 5 to 12. The clinical results of the subjects in the 5-8 sessions group were similar to the 9-12 sessions group. Individual’s coping mechanisms could be considered in future studies to understand which patients will require more therapeutic sessions.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:56:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.006
       
  • Correlation between cervical flexor muscle thickness and craniocervical
           flexion torque in healthy subjects
    • Authors: Hiroshi Ishida; Tadanobu Suehiro; Susumu Watanabe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Hiroshi Ishida, Tadanobu Suehiro, Susumu Watanabe
      The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the size of the cervical flexor muscles and craniocervical (CC) flexion torque. Thirty-eight healthy men participated in this study. Thickness of the deep cervical flexor (DCF) and sternocleidomastoid (SM) muscles were measured using ultrasonography. Maximal isometric CC flexion torque was measured using dynamometry. The DCF and SM muscle thickness and CC flexion torque were normalized relative to body weight. Correlations between normalized muscle thickness and normalized CC flexion torque were determined. A significant positive correlation was observed between normalized DCF muscle thickness and normalized CC flexion torque (r = 0.361, P = 0.028), whereas there was no significant correlation between normalized SM muscle thickness and normalized CC flexion torque (r = 0.233, P = 0.166). DCF muscle thickness appears to have potential clinical application in the performance of CC flexion.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:56:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.004
       
  • Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance, strength,
           and mobility of an older adult with chronic stroke: a case report
    • Authors: Christopher S. Cayco; Edward James R. Gorgon; Rolando T. Lazaro
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Christopher S. Cayco, Edward James R. Gorgon, Rolando T. Lazaro
      This study described the effects of a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) program on balance, strength, and mobility in an older adult with chronic stroke. The patient was male, aged 69 years, with right hemiplegia for 17 years, and had diminished balance, balance confidence, lower extremity (LE) strength, and gait velocity. He received one hour of PNF-based therapy thrice a week for six weeks. Outcome measures were: Mini-BESTest, limits of stability (LOS), Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Five Time Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSST), Upright Motor Control Test (UMCT), and 10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT). The patient improved on the Mini-BESTest (25/28, from 21/28), FTSST (27.47 s, from 30.27 s), UMCT knee extension (moderate, from weak), and 10MWT (0.82 m/s, from 0.67 m/s); and positive changes in LOS dimensions. PNF was effective in enhancing balance, strength, and mobility in an older adult with chronic stroke and may mitigate falls risk in this population. More research is needed to determine its impact in a larger sample of older people with chronic stroke.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:56:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.008
       
  • Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of total faulty breathing scale
           using visual observation and videogrammetry methods
    • Authors: Vikram Mohan; Maria Perri; Aatit Paungmali; Patraporn Sitilertpisan; Leonard Henry Joseph; Romizan Jathin; Munirah Bt Mustafa; Siti Hawa Bt Mohd Nasir
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Vikram Mohan, Maria Perri, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Leonard Henry Joseph, Romizan Jathin, Munirah Bt Mustafa, Siti Hawa Bt Mohd Nasir
      Faulty breathing is an aspect of alteration in the normal fundamental pattern of breathing. The available existence of scales in assessing faulty breathing has not frequently been used. Measurement errors in assessing and quantifying breathing patterns may originate from unclear directions and variation between observers. This study determined the measure reliability of the Total Faulty Breathing Scale (TFBS) for quantifying breathing patterns. Twenty seven participants were recruited comprising healthy and unhealthy subjects. Two examiners assessed their breathing patterns using the TFBS on two different occasions with visual observation and a videogrammetry method. Evaluation of the observational breathing pattern method for intra-rater and inter-rater showed agreement of 96.30% and a kappa score of greater than 0.78, which indicated substantial agreements. The videogrammetry method showed a percent agreement of (100%) with a kappa score of (1.00). This study indicates that the TFBS is a considerably reliable tool for evaluating breathing patterns with both visual observation and a videogrammetry method.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:56:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.007
       
  • Is self-massage an effective joint range-of-motion strategy' A pilot
           study
    • Authors: Estêvão Rios Monteiro; Mark Tyler Cavanaugh; David Michael Frost; Jefferson da Silva Novaes
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Mark Tyler Cavanaugh, David Michael Frost, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
      Increases in joint range of motion may be beneficial in both improving performance and reducing the risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate short-term changes in passive hip flexion (HF) and extension (HE) after foam rolling (FR) and roller massage (RM) durations of 60 and 120 seconds. Ten recreationally active men (27.6 ± 2.4 years old; 164.8 ± 6.6 cm; 62.2 ± 8.0 kg; 24.2 ± 2.1 m2/kg) were recruited for this study. Subjects performed foam rolling (FR) and roller massage (RM) on the hamstrings for 60 (FR60 and RM60) and 120 (FR120 and RM120) seconds. Significant differences between FR120 and RM60 were observed in both HF (p < 0.001) and HE (p < 0.001) suggesting an intervention (roller style) effect. Furthermore, significant differences (p < 0.001) between RM60 and RM120 suggest a dosage based response. Thus, the findings indicate that different roller type or rolling volume may affect range-of-motion.

      PubDate: 2016-10-21T22:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.003
       
  • Effect of a lateral glide mobilisation with movement of the hip on
           vibration threshold in healthy volunteers
    • Authors: Darren A. Smith; Jacob Saranga; Andrew Pritchard; Nikolaos A. Kommatas; Shinu Kovelal Punnoose; Supriya Tukaram Kale
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Darren A. Smith, Jacob Saranga, Andrew Pritchard, Nikolaos A. Kommatas, Shinu Kovelal Punnoose, Supriya Tukaram Kale
      Background Mulligan’s mobilisation-with-movement (MWM) techniques are proposed to achieve their clinical benefit via neurophysiological mechanisms. However, previous research has focussed on responses in the sympathetic nervous system only, and is not conclusive. An alternative measure of neurophysiological response to MWM is required to support or refute this mechanism of action. Recently, vibration threshold (VT) has been used to quantify changes in the sensory nervous system in patients experiencing musculoskeletal pain. Objective To investigate the effect of a lateral glide MWM of the hip joint on vibration threshold compared to a placebo and control condition in asymptomatic volunteers. Methods Fifteen asymptomatic volunteers participated in this single-blinded, randomised, within-subject, placebo, control design. Participants received each of three interventions in a randomised order; a lateral glide MWM of the hip joint into flexion, a placebo MWM, and a control intervention. Vibration threshold (VT) measures were taken at baseline and immediately after each intervention. Mean change in VT from baseline was calculated for each intervention and then analysed for between group differences using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results A one-way ANOVA revealed no statistically significant differences between the three experimental conditions (P=0.812). Conclusion This small study found that a lateral glide MWM of the hip did not significantly change vibration threshold compared to a placebo and control intervention in an asymptomatic population. This study provides a method of using vibration threshold to investigate the potential neurophysiological effects of a manual therapy intervention that should be repeated in a larger, symptomatic population.

      PubDate: 2016-10-21T22:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.001
       
  • Does leg predomination affect measuring vasti muscle onsets during single
           leg squatting' A reliability study
    • Authors: Javid Mostamand; Dan L. Bader; Zoë Hudson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Javid Mostamand, Dan L. Bader, Zoë Hudson
      Introduction Although measuring vasti muscle onset may reveal whether the pain relief is associated with altering this parameter during activities in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), it may be necessary to determine whether the inherent properties of the dominant leg influences the reliability of measuring VMO-VL muscle onset. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of leg predomination on reliability testing of the VMO-VL muscle onset measurement during single leg squatting in healthy subjects. Methods The onset of VMO and VL muscles of ten healthy subjects with a right dominant leg was assessed during single leg squatting. Data was collected from the muscle bellies of the VMO and VL. This procedure was performed on the both legs, during three separate single leg squats from a neutral position to a depth of approximately 30 ° of knee flexion. Subjects were then asked to repeat the test procedure after a minimum of a week’s interval. The full wave rectified onsets of VMO and VL were then calculated. Results There was no significant difference between the VMO-VL onset mean values of paired test of right and left knees. The ICC (intra class correlation coefficient) values during within and between sessions tests showed the poor reliability of these measurements on both knees. Conclusion The low intratester reliability of within and between sessions measurement of VMO-VL onset on the both dominant and non-dominant legs revealed that repeatability of these measurements have little accepted reliability, however similar values of these measurements indicated that leg predomination does not affect the measurements during single leg squatting.

      PubDate: 2016-10-21T22:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.002
       
  • A Comparison of the Effect of the Active Release and Muscle Energy
           Techniques on the Latent Trigger Points of the upper Trapezius
    • Authors: Golnaz Sadria; Majid Hosseini; Asghar Rezasoltani; Alireza Akbarzadeh Bagheban; Ahmad Reza Davari; Afsaneh Seifolahi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Golnaz Sadria, Majid Hosseini, Asghar Rezasoltani, Alireza Akbarzadeh Bagheban, Ahmad Reza Davari, Afsaneh Seifolahi
      Background/Aim The increasing use of computer in daily life has brought about numerous musculoskeletal problems. Impairments in the head, neck and shoulders are more common compared with the other parts of the body. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two manual treatments in two separate groups,i.e., active release technique (ART) and muscle energy technique (MET) on the latent trigger points (LTrPs) in the upper trapezius muscle. The set criteria in the study included the active range of cervical lateral flexion, pain intensity on the visual analog scale (VAS), and the upper trapezius muscle thickness. Subjects and Methods: This clinical trial study assessed the outcome measures within and between groups before and after the intervention. The target population were 64 (32 males, 32 females) participants who had been selected from among the the staff members and the students of a rehabilitation school, and the employees of an engineering company who had LTrPs in their upper trapezius muscle and were from 18 to 50 years old. Results The immediate effects of MET and ART on the patients of each groups with LTrPs in their upper trapezius muscle were increased active range of cervical lateral flexion (P<0.001), decreased pain intensity on VAS (P<0.05) and decreased thickness of the upper trapezius muscle (P<0.01). Conclusion Both manual techniques of ART and MET reduced the symptoms of LTrPs in the upper trapezius in the two groups equally, neither technique being superior to the other.

      PubDate: 2016-10-21T22:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.005
       
  • Manipulation of the body schema - unilateral manual stimulation of lower
           extremity influences weight distribution in standing position
    • Authors: Uffe Laessoe; Lasse Barth; Sindre Skeie; Kate McGirr
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Uffe Laessoe, Lasse Barth, Sindre Skeie, Kate McGirr
      Clinical experience advocates sensory stimulation to increase the body sensation and adjust the body schema, which may be disturbed in some patients. Unilateral massage may affect the body midline orientation, but little evidence is available to support the effect of this practice. Twenty-one healthy young people participated in this experimental study. Two force plates measured weight distribution between the legs in standing position before and after unilateral manual stimulation of the lower extremities. Stimulation of the leg with initial least weight-bearing increased the load on this leg significantly from 48.2% to 49.0% and a similar but reverse effect was seen when stimulating the contra-lateral leg. When analysing the data with respect to stimulation of the non-dominant leg, the stimulation increased the weight-bearing on this leg from 49.6% to 51.3%. These findings indicate that external afferent stimuli may enhance the body perception and influence the body schema and midline orientation.

      PubDate: 2016-10-08T09:46:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.09.013
       
  • A Commentary Review of the Cost effectiveness of Manual Therapies for Neck
           and Low Back Pain
    • Authors: Brent Harper; Kristen Jagger; Adrian Aron; Larry Steinbeck; Antonio Stecco
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Brent Harper, Kristen Jagger, Adrian Aron, Larry Steinbeck, Antonio Stecco
      Background & Purpose Neck and low back pain (NLBP) are global health problems, which diminish quality of life and consume vast economic resources. Cost effectiveness in healthcare is the minimal amount spent to obtain acceptable outcomes. Studies on manual therapies often fail to identify which manual therapy intervention or combinations with other interventions is the most cost effective. The purpose of this commentary is to sample the dialogue within the literature on the cost effectiveness of evidence-based manual therapies with a particular focus on the neck and low back regions. Methods This commentary identifies and presents the available literature on the cost effectiveness of manual therapies for NLBP. Key words searched were neck and low back pain, cost effectiveness, and manual therapy to select evidence-based articles. Eight articles were identified and presented for discussion. Results The lack of homogeneity, in the available literature, makes difficult any valid comparison among the various cost effectiveness studies. Discussion Potential outcome bias in each study is dependent upon the lens through which it is evaluated. If evaluated from a societal perspective, the conclusion slants toward “adequate” interventions in an effort to decrease costs rather than toward the most efficacious interventions with the best outcomes. When cost data are assessed according to a healthcare (or individual) perspective, greater value is placed on quality of life, the patient’s beliefs, and the “willingness to pay.”

      PubDate: 2016-10-08T09:46:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.09.014
       
  • A Critical Overview of the Current Myofascial Pain Literature –
           September 2016
    • Authors: Jan Dommerholt; Michelle Finnegan; Todd Hooks; Rob Grieve
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Jan Dommerholt, Michelle Finnegan, Todd Hooks, Rob Grieve
      This edition of the overview of the current myofascial pain literature includes 24 studies, case reports and systematic and narrative reviews. Surprisingly, five of the 24 papers were difficult to read and interpret mostly because of a poor mastery of the English language. It is somewhat surprising that journal editors and reviewers would accept papers that are needlessly difficult to read and not direct the authors to language services or others who could improve the quality of the writings. Of course, it is exciting that researchers and clinicians from all over the world continue to focus on myofascial pain and attempt to shed new light on the complexity of the problem to improve the clinical decision-making process and eventually clinical approaches and outcomes. There were no new papers on manual therapies, but many focused on dry needling.

      PubDate: 2016-09-25T08:22:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.09.010
       
  • New evidence of a dynamic fascial maintenance and self-repair process
    • Authors: Leon Chaitow
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 September 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow


      PubDate: 2016-09-06T00:19:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.08.013
       
 
 
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