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Journal Cover   Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
  [SJR: 0.522]   [H-I: 23]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1360-8592
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2812 journals]
  • Both Anticipatory And Compensatory Postural Adjustments Are Adapted While
           Catching A Ball In Unstable Standing Posture
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Vanessa Scariot , Jaqueline L. Rios , Renato Claudino , Eloá C. dos Santos , Hanna B.B. Angulski , Marcio J. Santos
      The main objective of this study was to analyze the role of balance exercises on anticipatory (APA) and compensatory (CPA) postural adjustments in different conditions of postural stability. Sixteen subjects were required to catch a ball while standing on rigid floor, trampoline and foam cushion surfaces. Electromyographic activities (EMG) of postural muscles were analyzed during time windows typical for APAs and CPAs. Overall there were a reciprocal activation of the muscles around the ankle and co-activations between ventral and dorsal muscles of the thigh and trunk during the catching a ball task. Compared to the rigid floor, the tibialis anterior activation was greater during the trampoline condition (CPA: p=0.006) and the soleus muscle inhibition was higher during foam cushion condition (APA: p=0.001; CPA: p=0.007). Thigh and trunk muscle activities were similar across the conditions. These results advance the knowledge in postural control during body perturbations standing on unstable surfaces.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • A pilot study of balance performance benefit on myofascial release with a
           tennis ball in chronic stroke patients
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Du-Jin Park , Young-In Hwang
      Background We hypothesised that the balance of spastic chronic stroke patients is related to myofascial problems. We performed myofascial release (MFR) with a tennis ball on the affected limb, as suggested by Myers. Purpose This study investigated the benefits of 8 weeks of MFR using a tennis ball on the balance of spastic patients. Methods Eight stroke patients were enrolled voluntarily after providing informed consent. All subjects received 8-week interventions with MFR using a tennis ball three times per week. The patients were evaluated using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed ‘Up & Go’ (TUG) test before and after 4 and 8 weeks of the intervention. Results There were significant differences in the BBS scores (p=0.001). The TUG time decreased significantly at 4 and 8 weeks (p=0.034). Conclusion Myofascial release appears to improve the balance of spastic chronic stroke patients; however, further studies should evaluate the effective of MFR on walking in stroke patients and determine the mechanism of the effect of MFR.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Does anterior knee pain severity and function relate to the frontal plane
           projection angle and trunk and hip strength in women with patellofemoral
           pain'
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida , Ana Paula de Moura Campos Carvalho e Silva , Fábio Jorge Renovato França , Maurício Oliveira Magalhães , Thomaz Nogueira Burke , Amélia Pasqual Marques
      The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between knee pain severity and function with the frontal plane projection angle (FPPA) and trunk and hip peak torque (PT) in women with patellofemoral pain (PFPS). Twenty-two women with PFPS were assessed. Knee pain severity (KPS) was assessed with an 11-point visual analog scale and function with an Anterior Knee Pain Scale. The FPPA was recorded with a digital camera. PT of extensors, abductors, and the lateral rotators of hip and lateral core stability were measured with a handheld dynamometer. FPPA was the only predictor for the KPS. Regarding predictors of function, PT of lateral core stability and the extensor and abductor of the hip explained 41.4% of the function. Increase in FPPA was associated with greater KPS, and the lowest PT of lateral core stability, hip abductors, and extensors was associated with lower function in women with PFPS.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • A unifying neuro-fasciagenic model of somatic dysfunction –
           Underlying mechanisms and treatment – Part II
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Paolo Tozzi
      This paper offers an extensive review of the main fascia-mediated mechanisms underlying various therapeutic processes of clinical relevance for manual therapy. The concept of somatic dysfunction is revisited in light of the several fascial influences that may come into play during and after manual treatment. A change in perspective is thus proposed: from a nociceptive model that for decades has viewed somatic dysfunction as a neurologically-mediated phenomenon, to a unifying neuro-fascial model that integrates neural influences into a multifactorial and multidimensional interpretation of manual therapeutic effects as being partially, if not entirely, mediated by the fascia. By taking into consideration a wide spectrum of fascia-related factors – from cell-based mechanisms to cognitive and behavioural influences – a model emerges suggesting, amongst other results, a multidisciplinary-approach to the intervention of somatic dysfunction. Finally, it is proposed that a sixth osteopathic ‘meta-model’ – the connective tissue-fascial model – be added to the existing five models in osteopathic philosophy as the main interface between all body systems, thus providing a structural and functional framework for the body's homoeostatic potential and its inherent abilities to heal.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • The immediate effect of bilateral self myofascial release on the plantar
           surface of the feet on hamstring and lumbar spine flexibility: A pilot
           randomised controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Rob Grieve , Faye Goodwin , Mostapha Alfaki , Amey-Jay Bourton , Caitlin Jeffries , Harriet Scott
      Background Self myofascial release (SMR) via a tennis ball to the plantar aspect of the foot is widely used and advocated to increase flexibility and range of movement further along the posterior muscles of a proposed “anatomy train”. To date there is no evidence to support the effect of bilateral SMR on the plantar aspect of the feet to increase hamstring and lumbar spine flexibility. Aim The primary aim was to investigate the immediate effect of a single application of SMR on the plantar aspect of the foot, on hamstring and lumbar spine flexibility. The secondary aim was to evaluate the method and propose improvements in future research. Design A pilot single blind randomised control trial. Participants Twenty four healthy volunteers (8 men, 16 women; mean age 28 years ± 11.13). Method Participants underwent screening to exclude hypermobility and were randomly allocated to an intervention (SMR) or control group (no therapy). Baseline and post intervention flexibility was assessed by a sit-and-reach test (SRT). A one way between groups analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to compare between group outcome SRT measurements. Baseline pre-intervention and control SRT measurements were used as the covariate in the analysis. Results There was a significant increase (p = 0.03) in the intervention SRT outcome measurements compared to the control group, with a large effect size. Conclusion An immediate clinical benefit of SMR on the flexibility of the hamstrings and lumbar spine was indicated and suggestions for methodological improvements may inform future research.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Physical activity, fear avoidance, and chronic non-specific pain: A
           narrative review
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Nicole Nelson , James R. Churilla
      Background Chronic non-specific pain (CNSP) and physical inactivity have become increasingly prevalent in the United States; however, the associations between the two remain unclear. The lack of clarity may be due to the presence of a third variable, the individual's pain coping strategy. Objectives We had three specific aims. 1) To review the associations between fear-avoidance beliefs and behaviors, and levels of physical activity and disability. 2) To review the theoretical mechanisms behind chronic non-specific pain and the potential mediating role of physical activity. 3) Finally, to report the most commonly recommended interventions for fear-avoidant individuals suffering with chronic pain. Conclusions Further investigation is needed to fully understand the associations between physical activity, chronic non-specific pain, and fear avoidant beliefs and behaviors. Precise relationships notwithstanding, there is strong evidence to suggest that physical activity is an integral piece to the chronic non-specific pain puzzle. For this reason, it is incumbent upon clinicians to strongly recommend participation in regular, yet properly progressed, physical activity to chronic non-specific pain sufferers.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Effects of Pilates method in elderly people: Systematic review of
           randomized controlled trials
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Cristina de Oliveira Francisco , Alessandra de Almeida Fagundes , Bruna Gorges
      The Pilates method has been widely used in physical training and rehabilitation. Evidence regarding the effectiveness of this method in elderly people is limited. Six randomized controlled trials studies involving the use of the Pilates method for elderly people, published prior to December 2013, were selected from the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, Scielo and PEDro. Three articles suggested that Pilates produced improvements in balance. Two studies evaluated the adherence to Pilates programs. One study assessed Pilates' influence on cardio-metabolic parameters and another study evaluated changes in body composition. Strong evidence was found regarding beneficial effects of Pilates over static and dynamic balance in women. Nevertheless, evidence of balance improvement in both genders, changes in body composition in woman and adherence to Pilates programs were limited. Effects on cardio-metabolic parameters due to Pilates training presented inconclusive results. Pilates may be a useful tool in rehabilitation and prevention programs but more high quality studies are necessary to establish all the effects on elderly populations.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Neuroscience education in addition to trigger point dry needling for the
           management of patients with mechanical chronic low back pain: A
           preliminary clinical trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Mario Téllez-García , Ana I. de-la-Llave-Rincón , Jaime Salom-Moreno , Maria Palacios-Ceña , Ricardo Ortega-Santiago , César Fernández-de-las-Peñas
      The objective of the current study was to determine the short-term effects of trigger point dry needling (TrP-DN) alone or combined with neuroscience education on pain, disability, kinesiophobia and widespread pressure sensitivity in patients with mechanical low back pain (LBP). Twelve patients with LBP were randomly assigned to receive either TrP-DN (TrP-DN) or TrP-DN plus neuroscience education (TrP-DN + EDU). Pain intensity (Numerical Pain Rating Scale, 0–10), disability (Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire-RMQ-, Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index-ODI), kinesiophobia (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia-TSK), and pressure pain thresholds (PPT) over the C5–C6 zygapophyseal joint, transverse process of L3 vertebra, second metacarpal, and tibialis anterior muscle were collected at baseline and 1-week after the intervention. Patients treated with TrP-DN + EDU experienced a significantly greater reduction of kinesiophobia (P = 0.008) and greater increases in PPT over the transverse process of L3 (P = 0.049) than those patients treated only with TrP-DN. Both groups experienced similar decreases in pain, ODI and RMQ, and similar increases in PPT over the C5/C6 joint, second metacarpal, and tibialis anterior after the intervention (all, P > 0.05). The results suggest that TrP-DN was effective for improving pain, disability, kinesiophobia and widespread pressure sensitivity in patients with mechanical LBP at short-term. The inclusion of a neuroscience educational program resulted in a greater improvement in kinesiophobia.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Effects of Alexander Technique training experience on gait behavior in
           older adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Matthew M. O'Neill , David I. Anderson , Diane D. Allen , Christopher Ross , Kate A. Hamel
      Heightened fall risk, potentially caused by aging-related changes in gait, is a serious health issue faced by older adults. The Alexander Technique is thought to improve balance and motor function; however, the technique's effect on gait has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Alexander Technique training in older adults on the temporospatial characteristics of gait and medio-lateral center of mass displacement during fast and comfortably paced over-ground walking. Six licensed Alexander Technique teachers and seven controls between the ages of 60 and 75 years of age participated in the study. Alexander Technique teachers exhibited a reduction in medio-lateral center of mass displacement during fast paced walking compared to comfortably paced walking that was not present in controls. Due to this difference Alexander Technique teachers displayed a smaller medio-lateral Center of Mass displacement compared to controls during fast paced walking. Alexander Technique teachers also demonstrated significantly smaller stride width and lower gait timing variability compared to controls. These findings, which suggest superior control of dynamic stability during gait and potentially reduced fall risk in Alexander Technique teachers, warrant further study.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Long-term benefits of somatosensory training to improve balance of elderly
           with diabetes mellitus
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Patrícia Silva , Priscila Fernanda Figueredo Borges Botelho , Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro , Maíta Mara O.L.L. Vaz , Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
      We evaluate the effects of somatosensory training on the mean amplitude of the center of pressure (COP) in the upright position and the sustained benefits after 6-month. Twelve elderly patients with type II diabetes (T2DM) participated in the study. Patients with T2DM were allocated to the somatosensory protocol, which consisted of a circuit composed of 13 stations with different textures. The rehabilitation protocol was applied twice a week during the period of 12 weeks. Upright balance, in 2 situations (fixed platform with eyes open and closed) to evaluate the mean amplitude of COP oscillation in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions and the total area of COP oscillation. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, post-exercise and 6-month follow-up. The somatosensory training protocol was beneficial to reduce the AP oscillation of the COP, remaining after 6 months of the end of intervention in elderly with T2DM.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Effect of massage on DOMS in ultramarathon runners: A pilot study
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Lorenzo Visconti , Gianpiero Capra , Giacomo Carta , Corrado Forni , Denise Janin
      In recent years, the popularity of ultramarathons has increased. During these competitions, musculoskeletal problems are very common. Among the more frequent of those problems is the onset of muscle pain, which is defined in the literature as delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). The present study aimed to collect epidemiological data regarding the onset of musculoskeletal problems during the Tor des Geants (International ultramarathon race of 330 km in length and 24,000 m in elevation difference) and to describe the effects of massage on reducing pain and overall perceived improvement in a sample of 25 athletes who complained of DOMS. Two hundred and twenty-one treatments were performed on 220 ultramarathon runners, of which 207 were males and 34 were females; the age group most represented ranged from 40 to 50 years. The most common symptom was pain, which occurred in more than 95% of cases, and the most affected area was the lower extremities (90% of subjects). In the analysed subjects, treatment with massage generated a significant (p < 0.0001) improvement. The numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) value was 3.6 points on average (SD 2.1) after massage, and there were no cases of worsening DOMS after massage as determined using the patient global impression of change (PGIC). The values of minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in DOMS management were calculated on the basis of the ROC curves and two other anchor-based methods in the PGIC and were 2.8–3.9 points on the NPRS. In the context analysed, massage was an effective treatment to reduce DOMS during the onset of symptoms.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Effect of remote after-effects of resistive static contraction of the
           pelvic depressors on improvement of restricted wrist flexion range of
           motion in patients with restricted wrist flexion range of motion
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Mitsuo Arai , Tomoko Shiratani
      The objective of the study was to compare the effects of remote after-effects of resistive static contraction of the pelvic depressors (RSCPD) with after-effects of static contraction of upper extremity muscles (SCUE) on improvement of the maximal active range of motion (MAROM) for patients with restricted wrist flexion range of motion (ROM) due to upper limb pain and dysfunction. The participants were 10 outpatients with restricted wrist joints. The mean (SD) age was 53.7 (4.4) years (range, 34–81). The subjects performed two exercise protocols (SCUE and RSCPD) in random order. One-way repeated measures ANOVA showed significant main effects in evaluation of the change in MAROM and IEMG activities for different conditions (after rest, after SCUE, and after RSCPD). The remote after-effects of RSCPD, but not those of SCUE, caused significant improvement in MAROM for restricted wrist flexion ROM.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Massage treatment and medial tibial stress syndrome; A commentary to
           provoke thought about the way massage therapy is used in the treatment of
           MTSS
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Sarah Fogarty
      As students and practitioners we are taught about the treatment and causative factors of medial shin pain, in particular’ shin splints' or the more recent term; medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). During the years there have been many theories, conjecture and misunderstandings about the mechanisms of ‘shin splints/medial tibial stress syndrome’ however the ramifications of these mechanisms on how massage treatment is delivered have not being discussed. The evidence for the treatment of MTSS is largely clinical with little evidence of any treatment being proven to be effective in treating MTSS. The aim of this article is to present a summary of the mechanisms of MTSS and a commentary to provoke thought about the way massage therapy is used in the treatment of MTSS based on these mechanisms.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Clinical analysis and baropodometric evaluation in diagnosis of abnormal
           foot posture: A clinical trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Hugo Pasini Neto , Luanda André Collange Grecco , Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira , Thaluanna Calil Lourenço Christovão , Natália de Almeida Carvalho Duarte , Cláudia Santos Oliveira
      Foot posture involves the integration of sensory information from the periphery of the body. This information generates precise changes through fine adjustments that compensate for the continuous, spontaneous sway of the body in the standing position. Orthopedic insoles are one of the therapeutic resources indicated for assisting in this process. Evaluation of these podal influences, by clinical examination and/or the assistance of baropodometry becomes crucial. Thus, the aim of the present study was determine the combination of the components of orthopedic insoles using two different evaluation methods. Forty healthy female volunteers between 18 and 30 years participated in the study. The volunteers were submitted to two different evaluations: clinical analysis and baropodometry. During the exams, different insole components were tested. The statistical analysis of the two evaluations revealed differences regarding the normalization of posture following the application of the insole components and in the determination of the combination of these components. The findings suggest that the clinical analysis is a fast and accurate method for determining the immediate benefits of the postural insole components and is therefore the more indicated method for the evaluation of foot posture, but does not present a concrete foundation to differentiate it with respect to baropodometric evaluation in the assessment and diagnosis of foot posture, however, a greater difficulty was encountered in achieving posture normalization when using information obtained through baropodometry.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Sirsasana (headstand) technique alters head/neck loading: Considerations
           for safety
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Rachel Hector , Jody L. Jensen
      Background This study examined the weight-bearing responsibility of the head and neck at moments of peak force during three headstand techniques. Methods Three matched groups of 15 each (18–60 years old) were formed based upon lower limb entry/exit technique: symmetrical extended, symmetrical flexed, and asymmetrical flexed. All 45 practitioners performed 3 headstands. Kinematics and kinetics were analyzed to locate peak forces acting on the head, loading rate, center of pressure (COP) and cervical alignment. Findings During entry, symmetrical extended leg position trended towards the lowest loads as compared to asymmetrical or symmetrical flexed legs (Cohen's d = 0.53 and 0.39 respectively). Also, symmetrical extended condition produced slower loading rates and more neutral cervical conditions during loading. Interpretation Subjects loaded the head with maximums of 40–48% of total body weight. The data support the conclusion that entering the posture with straight legs together may reduce the load and the rate of change of that load.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Ultrasound imaging of the diagonal dimension of the deep cervical flexor
           muscles: A reliability study on healthy subjects
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Hiroshi Ishida , Tadanobu Suehiro , Chiharu Kurozumi , Koji Ono , Susumu Watanabe
      The purpose of this study is to assess the reliability of a new ultrasound imaging (USI) parameter and procedure for the evaluation of the size of the deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscles. Thirty-one healthy male subjects (21.6 ± 2.5 years old) participated in this study. Two images of the diagonal dimension (DD) of the DCF of the subjects, at 1.5 fingerbreadths below the laryngeal prominence of the thyroid cartilage in a relaxed state, were taken on separate days with a 1-week interval. The intraclass correlation coefficient between the days was 0.82 (95% confidence interval, 0.65–0.91). The standard error of measurement and minimal detectable change were 0.8 mm and 2.1 mm, respectively. The results indicated that the DD may be used as a reliable USI parameter to measure the DCF thickness in healthy subjects.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Assessment of postural stability in patients with cerebellar disease using
           gyroscope data
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Patrik Kutílek , Vladimír Socha , Ondřej Čakrt , Zdeněk Svoboda
      This study examines a relatively new method of studying and quantifying human postural stability in patients with degenerative cerebellar disease. Trunk sway and feet sway were measured during quiet stance. To test the method, ten patients and eleven healthy subjects performed two different stance tasks: standing with eyes open on a firm surface and standing with eyes closed on a foam support surface. Data were recorded using three body-worn gyroscopes (Xsens Technologies B.V.) to measure roll and pitch angular movements of the lower trunk, and left and right foot. The pitch versus roll plots of the trunk and feet were created, and the areas of the convex hull shapes were calculated. It was found that the area of the convex hull of the pitch versus roll plots is suitable for the identification of postural instability disorders caused by degenerative cerebellar disease.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Accuracy of the Fonseca anamnestic index in the identification of
           myogenous temporomandibular disorder in female community cases
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Kelly Cristina dos Santos Berni , Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho , Delaine Rodrigues-Bigaton
      The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Fonseca anamnestic index (FAI) in the identification of myogenous temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Two hundred and three female volunteers participated in this study, 117 with myogenous TMD and 86 without TMD. The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders were first applied as the gold standard for the diagnosis. The volunteers then answered the 10 items on the FAI, which furnished a score ranging from 0 to 100 points. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was used to determine the accuracy of the diagnosis (area under the curve) and the best cutoff point of the tool. Thus, FAI demonstrated a high degree of accuracy for the diagnosis of myogenous TMD (area under the ROC curve of 0.940). The best cutoff point was a score of 47.50. Thus, a score ranging from 0 to 45 points corresponds to the absence of myogenous TMD and scores ranging from 50 to 100 points identifies individuals with the disorder. In conclusion, the high degree of diagnostic accuracy demonstrates that the FAI can be employed for the identification of myogenous TMD in female community cases.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • The effect of chronic shoulder pain on maximal force of shoulder abduction
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): François Naef , Sandra Grace , Zachary Crowley-McHattan , Dean Hardy , Andrew McLeod
      The aim of this study was to determine if chronic shoulder pain had an effect on arm abduction strength and recruitment strategies of the serratus anterior, middle deltoid, and upper trapezius. Method The maximal isometric force at 30° arm abduction and the electromyographic activity of the serratus anterior, middle deltoid, and upper trapezius were recorded for 14 subjects with unilateral chronic shoulder pain and 11 healthy subjects. Results Relative to the group without pain, the group with chronic shoulder pain showed no significant difference in maximal force production during isometric arm abduction. The Mann–Whitney tests showed no differences in the activation of the serratus anterior, middle deltoid, and upper trapezius between the two groups. Discussion and conclusion Subjects with chronic shoulder pain of mild to moderate intensity showed no difference from healthy subjects in arm abduction maximal strength, and recruitment patterns of serratus anterior, middle deltoid, and upper trapezius.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Re: Transmission of muscle force to fascia during exercise [Thomas
           Findley, M.D, Ph.D, Hans Chaudhry, Ph.D, Sunil Dhar, Ph.D. Journal of
           Bodywork &amp; Movement Therapies (2015) 19, 119–123]
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): John Sharkey



      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Response to Dommerholt and Gerwin: Did we miss the point'
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): John L. Quintner , Geoffrey M. Bove , Milton L. Cohen



      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Reliability of ultrasound thickness measurement of the abdominal muscles
           during clinical isometric endurance tests
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3
      Author(s): Shabnam ShahAli , Amir Massoud Arab , Saeed Talebian , Esmaeil Ebrahimi , Andia Bahmani , Noureddin Karimi , Hoda Nabavi
      The study was designed to evaluate the intra-examiner reliability of ultrasound (US) thickness measurement of abdominal muscles activity when supine lying and during two isometric endurance tests in subjects with and without Low back pain (LBP). A total of 19 women (9 with LBP, 10 without LBP) participated in the study. Within-day reliability of the US thickness measurements at supine lying and the two isometric endurance tests were assessed in all subjects. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess the relative reliability of thickness measurement. The standard error of measurement (SEM), minimal detectable change (MDC) and the coefficient of variation (CV) were used to evaluate the absolute reliability. Results indicated high ICC scores (0.73–0.99) and also small SEM and MDC scores for within-day reliability assessment. The Bland-Altman plots of agreement in US measurement of the abdominal muscles during the two isometric endurance tests demonstrated that 95% of the observations fall between the limits of agreement for test and retest measurements. Together the results indicate high intra-tester reliability for the US measurement of the thickness of abdominal muscles in all the positions tested. According to the study's findings, US imaging can be used as a reliable method for assessment of abdominal muscles activity in supine lying and the two isometric endurance tests employed, in participants with and without LBP.


      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 3




      PubDate: 2015-06-27T09:52:09Z
       
  • Equipment-based Pilates reduces work-related chronic low back pain and
           disability: A pilot study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Dana Duval Stieglitz , David R. Vinson , Michelle De Coux Hampton
      Objective This study investigated effectiveness of an equipment-based Pilates protocol for reducing pain and disability in individuals with work-related chronic low back pain (CLBP). Methods Twelve workers with non-specific CLBP participated in a quasi-experimental, one-group, pretest-posttest pilot study of supervised 6-week equipment-based Pilates exercise. Pain severity was assessed using a 100-mm visual analog scale (VAS). Physical function was assessed using the Oswestry disability index (ODI). Results The Pilates intervention significantly reduced pain (mean decrease in VAS 30.75 ± 20.27, p < 0.0001) and disability (mean decrease in ODI 11.25 ± 13.20, p < 0.02) with large and borderline large effect sizes, respectively. Conclusions Rehabilitative Pilates exercise reduced pain and disability in workers with CLBP. Further research is needed to investigate Pilates exercise for rehabilitation of work-related injuries in large populations.


      PubDate: 2015-06-17T19:54:13Z
       
  • Basic Body Awareness Therapy for patients with stroke: experiences among
           participating patients and physiotherapists
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Mialinn Arvidsson Lindvall , Agneta Anderzén Carlsson , Anette Forsberg
      Background After a stroke many patients have muscle weakness, spasticity and compromised sensation leading to decreased postural stability. Basic Body Awareness Therapy includes slow movements that challenge postural control. Aim The aim was to describe experiences of 8 weeks of Basic Body Awareness Therapy from the perspective of both patients with stroke and physiotherapists. Method This study had a qualitative design. Twenty-one patients and four physiotherapists were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using manifest and latent content analysis. Results One overall theme emerged “Simple yet challenging” which was based on six categories: “Facing one’s limitations”, “Individualized movements”, “A feeling of harmony”, “Improved balance”, “Integrated knowledge” and “Frustration and doubt”. The patients described improvement in balance and stability, as well as increased wellbeing. Conclusion The patients and physiotherapists related that Basic Body Awareness Therapy challenges balance but also provides an opportunity to reflect on the body.


      PubDate: 2015-06-17T19:54:13Z
       
  • Correlation between deep cervical flexor muscle thickness at rest and
           sternocleidomastoid activity during the craniocervical flexion test in
           healthy subjects
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Hiroshi Ishida , Tadanobu Suehiro , Koji Ono , Chiharu Kurozumi , Susumu Watanabe
      The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the thickness of the deep cervical flexor muscles (longus capitis and longus colli) at rest and sternocleidomastoid activity during the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT). Thirteen healthy males participated in this study. The thickness of the deep cervical flexor muscles was measured by ultrasound imaging in a relaxed supine position. Activity of the sternocleidomastoid was measured by electromyography during the CCFT at five incremental levels (22, 24, 26, 28, and 30 mm Hg). Correlations between normalized muscle thickness relative to body mass index and sternocleidomastoid activity were determined. Significant negative correlations were observed between normalized muscle thickness and activity of the sternocleidomastoid at 26 (r = −0.622, P = 0.023) and 28 mmHg (r = −0.653, P = 0.015). Individuals with smaller deep cervical flexor muscles exhibited increased activity in the sternocleidomastoid during the CCFT.


      PubDate: 2015-06-17T19:54:13Z
       
  • Application of Neuroplasticity Theory Through the Use of the Feldenkrais
           Method® with a Runner with Scoliosis and Hip and Lumbar Pain: A Case
           Report
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Lori K. Myers
      Neuroplasticity theory has gained considerable attention in recent years in the professions of medicine, psychology and neuroscience. Most research on neuroplasticity has been in neurology focusing on stroke and other central nervous system disease and injury. Further research is necessary to advance the connection of neuroplasticity theory to musculoskeletal conditions and rehabilitation. The theory of neuroplasticity as it applies to the acquisition of new skills and modification of maladaptive, pain-perpetuating and inefficient movement patterns is fundamental to the Feldenkrais Method. This case report demonstrates the application of neuroplasticity theory with the Feldenkrais Method as the primary intervention for a 42-year-old female runner with a history of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who presented with hip and lumbar pain. The client had clinically meaningful improvements in pain intensity and the Global Rating of Change scale while meeting her goals to resume pain free running, repetitive stair climbing at work, and other leisure activities.


      PubDate: 2015-06-10T19:48:47Z
       
  • Walking with a four wheeled walker (rollator) significantly reduces EMG
           lower-limb muscle activity in healthy subjects
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Zorica Suica , Jacqueline Romkes , Amir Tal , Clare Maguire
      Objective To investigate the immediate effect of four-wheeled- walker(rollator)walking on lower-limb muscle activity and trunk-sway in healthy subjects. Methods In this cross-sectional design electromyographic(EMG) data was collected in six lower-limb muscle groups and trunk-sway was measured as peak-to-peak angular displacement of the centre-of-mass (level L2/3) in the sagittal and frontal-planes using the SwayStar balance system. 19 subjects walked at self-selected speed firstly without a rollator then in randomised order 1. with rollator 2. with rollator with increased weight-bearing. Results Rollator-walking caused statistically significant reductions in EMG activity in lower-limb muscle groups and effect-sizes were medium to large. Increased weight-bearing increased the effect. Trunk-sway in the sagittal and frontal-planes showed no statistically significant difference between conditions. Conclusion Rollator-walking reduces lower-limb muscle activity but trunk-sway remains unchanged as stability is likely gained through forces generated by the upper-limbs. Short-term stability is gained but the long-term effect is unclear and requires investigation.


      PubDate: 2015-06-10T19:48:47Z
       
  • About Eccentric Exercise
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Warrick McNeill



      PubDate: 2015-06-06T19:30:31Z
       
  • Sparing Your Spine
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Craig Liebenson



      PubDate: 2015-06-06T19:30:31Z
       
  • A Critical Overview of the Current Myofascial Pain Literature – July
           2015
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 May 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Jan Dommerholt , Todd Hooks , Rob Grieve , Michelle Layton
      The current overview includes thirty articles published in the recent past about myofascial pain, trigger points (TrPs) and related topics. In the Basic Research section, several interesting new studies are reviewed addressing the presence of TrPs in patients with low back pain, episodic migraine, or following a meniscectomy. An animal study of the impact of laser fluency opens the door to future studies regarding optimal dosage of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of individuals with TrPs. Six papers focus on TrP dry needling (DN), two on manual therapies, and two on injection therapy. On of the injection papers discusses the occurrence of a cardiac tamponade, which is a very rare potential complication of invasive needling therapies that can easily be avoided with proper needling techniques. Several review studies and other clinical studies conclude this overview. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


      PubDate: 2015-05-31T19:26:53Z
       
  • Manual therapies and hypoalgesia: what are the mechanisms'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow



      PubDate: 2015-05-21T17:53:33Z
       
  • Erratum to “Can osteopathic manipulative treatment modify the
           posture in elderly people? – A single-case study” [J.
           Bodyw. Mov. Ther. 19 (2015) 380–388]
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 May 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): F. Pellerin , E. Papin-Richard , P. Guihéneuc , S. Niel , G. Guihard



      PubDate: 2015-05-09T07:38:08Z
       
  • Acute effects of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization vs. foam
           rolling on knee and hip range of motion in soccer players
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Goran Markovic
      The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the acute effects of foam rolling (FR) and a new form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), Fascial Abrasion Technique™ (FAT) on hip and knee range of motion in soccer players. Twenty male soccer players randomly allocated into FR and FAT group (n=10 each). Passive knee flexion and straight leg raise tests were measured before, immediately after and 24 hours after intervention (FR or FAT). The FR group applied a 2-min quadriceps and hamstrings rolling, while FAT group received a 2-min application of FAT to the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles. Both groups significantly improved knee and hip ROM (p<0.05), with higher gains observed in FAT group (10-19% vs. 5-9%). At 24 hours post-treatment, only FAT group preserved most of the gains in ROM (7-13%; p<0.05). These results support the use of the newly developed IASMT, Fascial Abrasion Technique™ and FR for increasing lower extremity ROM of athletes.


      PubDate: 2015-05-09T07:38:08Z
       
  • Findley &amp; Chaudhry’s response to Sharkey
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Thomas W. Findley , Hans C. Chaudhry



      PubDate: 2015-05-01T07:26:35Z
       
  • Range of motion and cervical myofascial pain
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): J. Wilke , D. Niederer , J. Fleckenstein , L. Vogt , W. Banzer
      Several studies investigating myofascial pain syndrome include assessments of range of motion (ROM) as a diagnostic criterion. However, the value of ROM in this context has not yet been evaluated in controlled clinical studies. We aimed to examine whether patients with myofascial pain syndrome display alterations of ROM when compared to healthy subjects. Twenty-two individuals (13 females, 9 males; aged 33.4 ±13.9 yrs) afflicted with active myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle as well as 22 age and sex matched healthy controls were included. All subjects underwent an examination of maximal active cervical ROM in flexion/extension assessed by means of a 3D ultrasonic movement analysis system (30 Hz; Zebris CMS 70). In the patients group, pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the trigger points was determined using a pressure algometer. Maximum range of motion in the sagittal plane did not differ between individuals with MTrP (125.9 ±23.2°, 95% CI: 116.2-135.6°) and asymptomatic subjects (128.2 ± 20.4°, 95% CI: 119.7-136.7°; p>.05). In patients, PPT (1.7±0.6, 95% CI: 1.5-1.9) was not correlated with cervical mobility (r=-0.13; p>.05). Based on these pilot data, range of motion in flexion/extension is not a valid criterion for the detection of myofascial trigger points. Additional research incorporating movement amplitudes in other anatomical planes and additional afflicted muscles should be conducted in order to further delineate the relative impact of MTrP on range of motion.


      PubDate: 2015-05-01T07:26:35Z
       
  • Cognitive Function and Exercise Training for Chronic Renal Disease
           Patients: A Literature review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): A. Kaltsatou , S.S. Grigoriou , C. Karatzaferi , C.D. Giannaki , I. Stefanidis , G.K. Sakkas
      Objective Cognitive impairment is very often in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Even though, exercise is considered to be a quantifiable activity that improves cognition in animals and humans, it seems that only few studies have examined the relationship between cognitive function and CKD from the perspective of physical activity and cognitive performance. Thus, this evidence based review summarizes the present level of knowledge regarding the effects of exercise training on cognitive function in CKD patients. Data sources A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed and Scopus from May 2014 through June 2014, by using the Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines. Review Methods Eligibility of the studies based on titles, abstracts and full-text articles was determined by two reviewers. Studies were selected using inclusion and exclusion criteria. We included only those studies that: they assessed cognitive function in humans and animals using validated neuropsychological methods in chronic renal diseases patients; they used exercise training protocols; they addressed randomized control trials or controlled trials or clinical trials designed to evaluate cognitive impairment; and articles were written in English. Studies were excluded when they concerned behavioral approaches and underpowered studies. Results According to the current review only few studies have examined the issue of cognitive function in CKD patients. These studies indicate that these patients often exhibit cognitive impairment, which is highly associated with poor outcomes. It has been supported that exercise training can induce positive changes in brain metabolism favoring better score in cognitive function in Chronic Kidney Disease patients while the physiological mechanisms, which explain the influence of physical activity on cognition, have focused on changes in neurotransmitters, neurotrophins and vasculature. Conclusion Systematic exercise training seems to improve cognitive function in Chronic Kidney Disease patients but further research is warranted to further clarify the mechanisms involved.


      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:19:49Z
       
  • Common postural defects among music students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Patricia Blanco , MPino-Díaz Pereira , Aurora Martínez
      Postural quality during musical performance affects both musculoskeletal health and the quality of the performance. In this study we examined the posture of 100 students at a Higher Conservatory of Music in Spain. By analysing video tapes and photographs of the students while performing, a panel of experts extracted values of 11 variables reflecting aspects of overall postural quality or the postural quality of various parts of the body. The most common postural defects were identified, together with the situations in which they occur. It is concluded that most students incur in unphysiological postures during performance. It is hoped that use of the results of this study will help correct these errors.


      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:19:49Z
       
  • Bracing and exercise-based treatment for idiopathic scoliosis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leonid Kalichman , Liron Kendelker , Tomer Bezalel
      Background Various conservative therapies are available for treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), however, the disparities between them and the evidence of their efficacy and effectiveness is still unclear. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of different conservative treatments on AIS. Methods A literature-based narrative review of the English language medical literature. Results and Conclusions The most appropriate treatment for each patient should be chosen individually and based on various parameters. Bracing has been found to be a most effective conservative treatment for AIS. There is limited evidence that specific physical exercises also an effective intervention for AIS. Exercise-based physical therapy, if correctly administered, can prevent a worsening of the curve and may decrease need for bracing. In addition, physical exercises were found to be the only treatment improving respiratory function. Combining bracing with exercise increases treatment efficacy compared with a single treatment. Additional, well-designed and good quality studies are required to assess the effectiveness of different conservative methods in treating AIS.


      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:19:49Z
       
  • Influence of kinesio tape application direction on peak force of biceps
           brachii muscle: a repeated measurement study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Elisha Vered , Liron Oved , Daniel Zilberg , Leonid Kalichman
      Background According to the kinesio tape (KT) method, proximal-to-distal (P-to-D) application of KT should facilitate muscle activity (increase strength), distal-to- proximal (D-to-P) should decrease muscle activity (decrease strength) and applications in other directions should not influence muscle strength. Objective To evaluate the influence of KT application direction on peak force of biceps brachii in healthy subjects. Methods 16 students participated in a single group repeated measurements study. KT was applied randomly on both anterior arms as follows: no KT; P-to-D; D-to-P; or two horizontal stripes. Peak force of biceps was measured after each application by a blinded investigator. Results No difference in biceps peak force was found after evaluating no KT, P-to-D and D-to-P. After the horizontal application, peak force was found statistically significantly higher than in the other conditions. Conclusions Traditional assumptions of the KT method, suggesting that P-to-D application stimulates muscle and D-to-P relaxes the muscle, seem to be false. However, we do confirm that applying KT in various directions differently effects muscle strength.


      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:19:49Z
       
  • Fascial eponyms may help elucidate terminological and nomenclatural
           development
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Sue Adstrum
      It has been reported that at least 700 anatomical eponyms were in existence at the end of the 19th century, yet the number of eponyms expressly relating to fasciae is unknown, and these anatomical expressions have yet to be described as a group. This study accordingly aimed to assemble a comprehensive-as-possible list of these terms, to investigate their customary usage, and to consider whether their existence might usefully shed light on contemporary fascia-relating terminological development. A search for fascia-relating eponyms incorporated within a range of English language anatomical and medical publications during the past 400 years resulted in the discovery of 44 eponyms that explicitly refer to aspects of fascia. This article outlines and discusses the origin, meaning, and use of these terms, and concludes that an understanding of the history of fascial eponyms may be of value when addressing contemporary concerns with the language used to describe fascia.


      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:19:49Z
       
  • The immediate and 24-hour follow-up effect of unilateral lumbar
           Z-joint mobilisation on posterior chain neurodynamics
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): G. Shankar Ganesh , Patitapaban Mohanty , Swati Smita Pattnaik
      Few studies have reported the effects of lumbar spine mobilization on neurodynamics. In a recent study, Szlezak et al. (2011) reported immediate improvement of posterior chain neurodynamics [range of passive straight leg raise (SLR)] following ipsilateral lumbar spine zygopophyseal (Z) joint mobilization. We re-duplicated the study with a 24 h follow-up measurement. Sixty healthy college students were assigned to two groups, mobilization and control. The mobilization group received ipsilateral grade 3 Maitland mobilizations to Z joint at a frequency of 2 MHz for 3 min and the control group received no treatment. The SLR was measured before and after the intervention for both the groups on the day of testing and 24-h later. Repeated measures ANOVA showed statistically significant pre to post improvement in SLR range after mobilization. The improvement was retained at 24-h. The results of the study are consistent with Szlezak et al. (2011).


      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • Improvement of clinical and radiographical presentation of Scheuermann
           disease after Schroth therapy treatment
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Tomer Bezalel , Leonid Kalichman
      Background Scheuermann's disease is the most common cause of hyperkyphosis of the thoracolumbar spine. Few case reports have demonstrated the effectiveness of Schroth therapy in improving the thoracic angle curve in Scheuermann's patients; however, additional verification is needed. Case description A 14-year-old female patient presented with Scheuermann's disease. On X-ray, thoracic kyphosis was 55° and lumbar lordosis 55°. The self-rated cosmetic disturbance was graded 10/10 on a verbal numeric scale. The patient received a course of seven weekly Schroth therapy sessions, in addition to daily home exercises tailored specifically for the patient's posture. Five months later, follow-up X-rays revealed thoracic kyphosis of 27° and lumbar lordosis 35°. The patient graded the degree of her cosmetic disturbance as 3/10. Conclusions Schroth therapy seems to be able to decrease the thoracic curve angle of Scheuermann's patients; however, efficacy and effectiveness of this method should be investigated in future prospective controlled clinical trials.


      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • Prevalence and correlates of pain interference in older adults: Why
           treating the whole body and mind is necessary
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Peter Przekop , Mark G. Haviland , Keiji Oda , Kelly R. Morton
      Our study presents pain-related interference rates in a sample of community-dwelling, older adults and determines factors associated with these restrictions. Participants were 9506 respondents to the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study (66.8% female and 33.2% male; average age = 62.3 years). In this sample, 48.2% reported no pain-related interference, whereas 37.7% reported moderate and 14.1% reported severe interference. As hypothesized, older age, female gender, lower education, financial strain, traumatic experiences, worse health, increased body mass index, poor sleep, and depressive symptoms all were associated with higher pain interference ratings (ordered logistic regression/three-level pain criterion; odds ratios p < 0.05). Our findings are similar to those from younger adults, and they suggest enduring effects of trauma on health and reveal the complexity of chronic pain in community-dwelling, older adults.


      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • Cervical extensor endurance test: A reliability study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Deepak Sebastian , Raghu Chovvath , Ramesh Malladi
      Background & purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in detecting the presence of weakness of the neck extensors and differentiate the presence of weakness of the superficial versus the deep neck extensors in a symptomatic population. The presence of weakness of the neck extensors has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the cervical region. Methods 30 patients with a diagnosis of neck pain were randomly assigned and examined by two musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time, in order to determine the presence of weakness of the superficial versus the deep neck extensors. With the patient lying prone and head and neck past the edge of the table and the cervico-thoracic junction stabilized, the ability of the individual to sustain a chin tuck position in neutral for 20 s was evaluated. A positive finding for weakness of the deep neck extensors is the ‘chin length’ increasing with neck extension, as observed on the inclinometer, indicating a dominance of the superficial extensors of the neck. Weakness of both deep and superficial neck extensors was identified by the presence of neck flexion indicating an inability to hold the head up. Inter-rater reliability was determined using the Cohen's un-weighted kappa statistic. Results For the cervical extensor endurance test, the inter-rater reliability was ‘very good’ (k = 0.800, SE of kappa = 0.109, 95% CI). Conclusion The cervical extensor endurance test may be incorporated as a simple yet effective test to determine the presence of weakness of the neck extensors and differentiate the presence of weakness of the superficial versus the deep neck extensors in a symptomatic population. The accuracy of the CEET as a test is still debatable, as it has not been compared to a diagnostic gold standard. Based on the results of this study, we speculate the CEET may still offer an initial sense of direction for clinicians treating neck dysfunction.


      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • Effectiveness of neural mobilization in patients with spinal
           radiculopathy: A critical review
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 19, Issue 2
      Author(s): Michalis A. Efstathiou , Manos Stefanakis , Christos Savva , Giannis Giakas
      Spinal radiculopathy (SR) is a multifactorial nerve root injury that can result in significant pain, psychological stress and disability. It can occur at any level of the spinal column with the highest percentage in the lumbar spine. Amongst the various interventions that have been suggested, neural mobilization (NM) has been advocated as an effective treatment option. The purpose of this review is to (1) examine pathophysiological aspects of spinal roots and peripheral nerves, (2) analyze the proposed mechanisms of NM as treatment of injured nerve tissues and (3) critically review the existing research evidence for the efficacy of NM in patients with lumbar or cervical radiculopathy.


      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • Correlation between neck slope angle and deep cervical flexor muscle
           thickness in healthy participants
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 April 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Hiroshi Ishida , Tadanobu Suehiro , Chiharu Kurozumi , Koji Ono , Suguru Ando , Susumu Watanabe
      The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between neck slope angle and deep cervical flexor muscle thickness in healthy subjects. Forty-two healthy male (20.7 ± 2.6 years old) participated in this study. Neck slope angle was measured in a relaxed sitting posture. The deep cervical flexor muscle thickness was measured in a relaxed supine posture. The correlations between neck slope angle and normalized muscle thickness relative to body mass index were determined using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. There was a moderate positive correlation between neck slope angle and normalized muscle thickness (r = 0.414, P = 0.006). The result demonstrated that participants with lower neck slope angles had smaller muscle thicknesses of the deep cervical flexor muscles. It appears that the deep cervical flexor muscle thickness might be associated with neck slope angle in a relaxed sitting posture.


      PubDate: 2015-04-18T06:41:45Z
       
  • A Critical Evaluation of Quintner et al: Missing the Point
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Jan Dommerholt , Robert D. Gerwin
      The objective of this article is to critically analyze a recent publication by Quinter, Bove and Cohen, published in Rheumatology, about myofascial pain syndrome and trigger points (Quintner et al 2014). The authors concluded that the leading trigger point hypothesis is flawed in reasoning and in science. They claimed to have refuted the trigger point hypothesis. The current paper demonstrates that the Quintner et al paper is a biased review of the literature replete with unsupported opinions and accusations. In summary, Quintner et al have not presented any convincing evidence to believe that the Integrated TrP Hypothesis should be laid to rest.


      PubDate: 2015-02-05T19:22:16Z
       
  • Contrasting views of myofascial pain
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2015
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow



      PubDate: 2015-02-05T19:22:16Z
       
 
 
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