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Journal Cover Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1360-8592
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3039 journals]
  • Pilates increases isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexor and
           extensor muscles of older women: A randomized controlled clinical trial
    • Authors: Laís Campos de Oliveira; Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira; Amanda Coutinho Abucarub; Letícia Siqueira Oliveira; Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira
      Pages: 2 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Laís Campos de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira, Amanda Coutinho Abucarub, Letícia Siqueira Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira
      Introduction The number of elderly people is growing and the practice of physical exercise, such as Pilates, contributes to increased muscular strength and functional autonomy in this population. Objective: To verify the influence of Pilates on the isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexors and extensors, and on the functionality of the upper limbs, of older women. Method Thirty volunteers were randomized into two groups-Pilates group (PG) and Control Group (CG). The PG exercises were performed twice weekly for 12 weeks. Evaluations were performed pre and post-intervention, for isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexors and extensors and functionality of the upper limbs. Results In the intra-group comparison, the PG improved strength of the elbow extensors and the functionality of the upper limbs (p < 0.05). When comparing the post-intervention moment, the PG was superior to the CG in all variables (p < 0.05), with a large effect size (d > 0.80). Conclusion Pilates increases the isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexors and extensors, in addition to the functionality of the upper limbs, in older women.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.03.002
       
  • Effect of exams period on prevalence of Myofascial Trigger points and head
           posture in undergraduate students: Repeated measurements study
    • Authors: Leonid Kalichman; Natalie Bulanov; Aryeh Friedman
      Pages: 11 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Leonid Kalichman, Natalie Bulanov, Aryeh Friedman
      Background Myofascial Trigger points (MTrPs) may be caused or aggravated by many factors, such as mental stress associated with exams and impaired posture. Aim To compare the prevalence and sensitivity of MTrPs, and forward head position (FHP) during exam period vs. mid-semester among physical therapy students. Methods 39 physical therapy students were palpated for MTrPs in neck and shoulder muscles and were photographed laterally for FHP measurement during the academic semester and during the academic examination period. Results The subjects showed higher prevalence of active MTrPs in the right Trapezius and Levator Scapula muscles, and higher prevalence of latent MTrPs in the left Sternocleidomastoideus and Levator Scapula muscles during exams, as well as a higher rate of tenderness in suboccipital musculature. Conclusions Physical therapy students show greater prevalence of MTrPs during exams. The authors recommend implementing preventative programs towards the examination period.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.003
       
  • The use of CranioSacral therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorders: Benefits
           from the viewpoints of parents, clients, and therapists
    • Authors: Susan Vaughan Kratz; Jane Kerr; Lorraine Porter
      Pages: 19 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Susan Vaughan Kratz, Jane Kerr, Lorraine Porter
      Objectives The objectives of this preliminary study were to explore: the use of CranioSacral Therapy for persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder, the demographics of participants, and the retrospective interpretation of reported changes related to the intervention. Participants included therapists, parents, and clients. Methods Recruitment of participants was conducted through electronic social and professional networks. Online questionnaire surveys were provided. Demographic questions were posed to understand both the extent of clinical use and the rationales for such treatment, and surveys were unique to each subject groups. All participants were given a 20-item functional behavior checklist as a means to measure their perception of change attributed to this intervention. Open-ended comments were also encouraged to explore perspectives from their experiential treatments. The Qualitative data collected was analyzed via Inductive Content Analysis. The data was stored on excel and analyzed manually and independently by all 3 authors. Results A total of 405 people responded to the recruitments and of the participants who completed surveys, 264 were therapists and 124 parents. Only a small sampling of clients responded. The demographics of professionals using CST for ASD, their level of CST training, and their qualifications to work with ASD were reflected. Demographics and referral sources of parents, and other details of their experiences, were surveyed. Perceived changes to the use of CST were explored through analysis of responses to both the Likert scale as well as the open comments. Conclusions This preliminary study introduces the concept of CranioSacral Therapy as a treatment option for symptoms associated with ASD. Its clinical use has been available for three decades but few empirical studies exist. The results of the survey suggest that CST is already being professionally recommended as a treatment. This study found that there were positive responses observed by all 3 targeted groups leading to the authors concluding that there is worthy cause to further investigate how CST benefits Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.006
       
  • The effect of Bikram yoga on endothelial function in young and middle-aged
           and older adults
    • Authors: Stacy D. Hunter; Mandeep S. Dhindsa; Emily Cunningham; Takashi Tarumi; Mohammed Alkatan; Nantinee Nualnim; Ahmed Elmenshawy; Hirofumi Tanaka
      Pages: 30 - 34
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Stacy D. Hunter, Mandeep S. Dhindsa, Emily Cunningham, Takashi Tarumi, Mohammed Alkatan, Nantinee Nualnim, Ahmed Elmenshawy, Hirofumi Tanaka
      The purpose of this investigation was to determine if Bikram yoga, a style of heated hatha yoga, would improve endothelial function in young and middle-aged and older, healthy adults. This trial was performed in 36 young (n = 17) and middle-aged and older adults (n = 19) who completed 3 weekly Bikram yoga classes for 8 weeks. Height, body weight and body composition were determined and endothelial function was measured noninvasively using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) before and after the intervention. No changes in body weight, BMI or body fat percentage occurred as a result of the intervention in either group. Brachial artery FMD was significantly increased in middle-aged and older (P < 0.05) but not in young adults as a result of the intervention. The results demonstrate that a relatively short-term Bikram yoga practice might significantly improve vascular endothelial function in middle-aged and older adults. While apparently healthy individuals in this study experienced no adverse events, those with preexisting conditions should take caution and consult with a physician prior to engaging in this style of yoga.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.004
       
  • Reliability of assessment of upper trapezius morphology, its mechanical
           properties and blood flow in female patients with myofascial pain syndrome
           using ultrasonography
    • Authors: Hakimeh Adigozali; Azadeh Shadmehr; Esmail Ebrahimi; Asghar Rezasoltani; Farrokh Naderi
      Pages: 35 - 40
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Hakimeh Adigozali, Azadeh Shadmehr, Esmail Ebrahimi, Asghar Rezasoltani, Farrokh Naderi
      Objective In the present study, the intra-rater reliability of upper trapezius morphology, its mechanical properties and intramuscular blood circulation in females with myofascial pain syndrome were assessed using ultrasonography. Design A total of 37 patients (31.05 ± 10 years old) participated in this study. Ultrasonography producer was set up in three stages: a) Gray-scale: to measure muscle thickness, size and area of trigger points; b) Ultrasound elastography: to measure muscle stiffness; and c) Doppler imaging: to assess blood flow indices. Results According to data analysis, all variables, except End Diastolic Velocity (EDV), had excellent reliability (>0.806). Intra-class Correlation Coefficient (ICC) for EDV was 0.738, which was considered a poor to good reliability. Conclusion The results of this study introduced a reliable method for developing details of upper trapezius features using muscular ultrasonography in female patients. These variables could be used for objective examination and provide guidelines for treatment plans in clinical settings.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.010
       
  • The effect of kinesio taping versus stretching techniques on muscle
           soreness, and flexibility during recovery from nordic hamstring exercise
    • Authors: Tarik Ozmen; Gokce Yagmur Gunes; Hanife Dogan; Ilyas Ucar; Mark Willems
      Pages: 41 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Tarik Ozmen, Gokce Yagmur Gunes, Hanife Dogan, Ilyas Ucar, Mark Willems
      The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching, or kinesio taping (KT) on muscle soreness and flexibility during recovery from exercise. Sixty-five females were randomly assigned to four groups: PNF stretching (n = 15), static stretching (n = 16), KT (n = 17), and control (n = 17). All participants performed nordic hamstring exercise (5 sets of 8 repetitions). In all groups, hamstring flexibility at 24 h and 48 h was not changed from baseline (p > .05). The muscle soreness was measured higher at 48 h post-exercise compared with baseline in the control group (p = .04) and at 24 h post-exercise compared with baseline in the PNF group (p < .01). No significant differences were found for intervention groups compared with control group in all measurements (p > .05). The KT application and pre-exercise stretching have no contribute to flexibility at 24 h and 48 h after exercise, but may attenuate muscle soreness.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.001
       
  • Neurophysiological and clinical effects of dry needling in patients with
           upper trapezius myofascial trigger points
    • Authors: Maryam Abbaszadeh-Amirdehi; Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari; Soofia Naghdi; Gholamreza Olyaei; Mohammad Reza Nourbakhsh
      Pages: 48 - 52
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Maryam Abbaszadeh-Amirdehi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Gholamreza Olyaei, Mohammad Reza Nourbakhsh
      Introduction Dry needling (DN) is a widely used in treatment of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). The purpose of this pretest-posttest clinical trial was to investigate the neurophysiological and clinical effects of DN in patients with MTrPs. Methods A sample of 20 patients (3 man, 17 women; mean age 31.7 ± 10.8) with upper trapezius MTrPs received one session of deep DN. The outcomes of neuromuscular junction response (NMJR), sympathetic skin response (SSR), pain intensity (PI) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) were measured at baseline and immediately after DN. Results There were significant improvements in SSR latency and amplitude, pain, and PPT after DN. The NMJR decreased and returned to normal after DN. Conclusions A single session of DN to the active upper trapezius MTrP was effective in improving pain, PPT, NMJR, and SSR in patients with myofascial trigger points. Further studies are needed.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.014
       
  • Change of pectoralis minor length, and acromial distance, during scapular
           retraction at 60° shoulder elevation
    • Authors: Nitaya Viriyatharakij; Chatchada Chinkulprasert; Navarat Rakthim; Jetjaree Patumrat; Butsarin Ketruang
      Pages: 53 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Nitaya Viriyatharakij, Chatchada Chinkulprasert, Navarat Rakthim, Jetjaree Patumrat, Butsarin Ketruang
      As the pectoralis minor muscle is inserted into the coracoid process, an improper length of this muscle would affect scapular and shoulder motions. Therefore, this study is proposed to assess the effects on pectoralis minor's length and acromial distance after active scapular retraction in scaption at 60° elevation. Sixty right-hand-dominant participants (11 males, 49 females) were randomized into an intervention group and a control group. The intervention group performed pectoralis minor muscle stretching by active scapular retraction, while the control group were asked to sit in an upright position. The result shows that, the mean lengths of pectoralis minor in the intervention group were significantly increased when compared with those of the control group (p = 0.004 and p = 0.014 respectively). Simultaneously, the reduction in acromial distance of this intervention group was substantially greater than the control group's (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001 respectively). However, it should be noted that the results reported only relate to the period immediately following muscle stretching.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.015
       
  • Effect of cognitive task on postural control of the patients with chronic
           ankle instability during single and double leg standing
    • Authors: Zeinab Shiravi; Saeed Talebian Moghadam; Mohammad Reza Hadian; Gholamreza Olyaei
      Pages: 58 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Zeinab Shiravi, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Hadian, Gholamreza Olyaei
      Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a cognitive task on standing postural control of the injured and non-injured leg of athletes with chronic ankle instability. Methods Postural stability was measured by center of pressure parameters while chronic ankle instability patients (n = 8) randomly performed single and double leg standing in isolation or concurrently with a digit-backward cognitive task. Results After performing a concurrent cognitive task, anteroposterior sway significantly decreased in injured leg (P < 0.05) and area significantly decreased in both injured and non-injured legs (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in all center of pressure parameters between injured and non-injured legs. Conclusion The findings confirm the effect of a concurrent digit-backwards memory task on single leg standing balance in chronic ankle instability patients but the response to cognitive loading was not significantly different between the injured and non-injured legs.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.001
       
  • Stress biomarker responses to different protocols of forced exercise in
           chronically stressed rats
    • Authors: Maryam Radahmadi; Hojjatallah Alaei; Mohammad Reza Sharifi; Nasrin Hosseini
      Pages: 63 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Maryam Radahmadi, Hojjatallah Alaei, Mohammad Reza Sharifi, Nasrin Hosseini
      Stress is one of the most significant causes of major health problems on a global scale. The beneficial effects of exercise on combating stress, however, are well-established. The present study investigated the stress biomarker responses, such as serum corticosterone, interlukin-1β, and glucose levels, to different (preventive, therapeutic, protective, and continuous) protocols of forced exercise under stress. Male rats were randomly allocated to the following five groups: stressed, preventive, therapeutic, protective, and continuous (and/or pre-stress, post-stress, stress-accompanied, and both pre-stress and stress-accompanied exercise respectively) exercise groups. Stress was applied 6 h/day for 21 days and the treadmill running was employed at a speed of 20–21 m/min for 21 and 42 days. The findings showed that the therapeutic, protective, and continuous exercises led to reduced corticosterone and glucose levels. Whereas, the preventive exercise did not reverse the stress responses, and that the therapeutic exercise led to a significant decline in serum interlukin-1β. It is concluded that protective, therapeutic, and, particularly, continuous exercises lead to significant reductions in serum corticosterone and the associated stress-induced hyperglycemia. Moreover, it appears that the timing and duration of exercise are the two factors contributing to changes in stress biomarker responses.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.002
       
  • The scapula backward tipping test: An inter-rater reliability study
    • Authors: Deepak Sebastian; Raghu Chovvath; Ramesh Malladi
      Pages: 69 - 73
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Deepak Sebastian, Raghu Chovvath, Ramesh Malladi
      Background & Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the scapula backward tipping test (SBTT) in detecting the presence of pectoralis minor (PM) tightness and subsequently scapula forward tipping, in a symptomatic population. PM tightness with scapula forward tipping has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the shoulder region. Methods 30 patients with a diagnosis of shoulder pain were randomly assigned and examined by 2 musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time. The procedure consisted of having the individual lay on the stomach in a neutral head position with palms in the anatomical position. The examiner firmly stabilized the inferior angle of the scapula with one hand and the fingers of the other hand hooked the under surface of the coracoid process. A gentle yet firm pull was imparted in an upward direction to sense tightness and to observe movement of the acromion up to the tragus of the ear. A comparison was made with the other side to sense restriction. Inter-rater reliability was determined using the kappa statistic. Results The SBTT was found to be reproducible between examiners (Kappa = 0.735, SE of kappa = 0.123, 95% confidence interval), with a percentage agreement of 86.67%. Conclusion The SBTT may be incorporated as a simple yet effective test to determine the presence of PM tightness and subsequently scapula forward tipping.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.003
       
  • Increased strength of the scapular stabilizer and lumbar muscles after
           twelve weeks of Pilates training using the Reformer machine: A pilot study
           
    • Authors: Núbia Tomain Otoni dos Santos; Karoline Cipriano Raimundo; Sheila Aparecida da Silva; Lara Andrade Souza; Karoline Carregal Ferreira; Zuleika Ferreira Borges Santo Urbano; Andréa Licre Pessina Gasparini; Dernival Bertoncello
      Pages: 74 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Núbia Tomain Otoni dos Santos, Karoline Cipriano Raimundo, Sheila Aparecida da Silva, Lara Andrade Souza, Karoline Carregal Ferreira, Zuleika Ferreira Borges Santo Urbano, Andréa Licre Pessina Gasparini, Dernival Bertoncello
      Objective The aim of this work was to analyze muscle strength in Pilates novices who used the Reformer equipment during twelve training sessions. Methods Twenty-four healthy young female volunteers, who were non-smokers and did not exercise regularly, were split into a control group (mean age 28 ± 4 years and BMI 24.55 ± 3.21 kg/m2) and a training group (mean age 29 ± 4 years and BMI 22.69 ± 2.87 kgm2). The data were checked for normality using the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, and were then analyzed using the t-test (p < 0.05). Results After the training sessions, there were statistically significant differences between the groups for the scapular stabilizer muscles (p = 0.0263) and the lumbar muscles (p = 0.0001). For the scapular stabilizers, the initial/final values were 14.69 ± 2.80/14.79 ± 2.89 (control group) and 15.99 ± 3.54/17.44 ± 2.88 (Pilates group). The corresponding values for the lumbar muscles were 53.83 ± 11.66/53.28 ± 11.14 (control group) and 54.75 ± 10.27/64.80 ± 10.20 (Pilates group). Conclusion After twelve sessions of Pilates with the Reformer equipment, there were improvements in lumbar extensor and scapular stabilizer strength. Several benefits are reported by practitioners of Pilates, but until now, there has been limited scientific evidence of the improvement of strength in the trunk and limbs after application of the technique.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.005
       
  • Lumbar scoliosis: Reducing lower back pain and improving function in
           adulthood. A case report with a 2-year follow-up
    • Authors: Massimiliano Polastri; Michele Romano
      Pages: 81 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Massimiliano Polastri, Michele Romano
      Background Lower back pain (LBP) can persist into adulthood as a sequelae of adolescent lumbar scoliosis, particularly under certain conditions influenced by aspects of bodily biomechanics and/or other factors. Here we describe the use of tailored bracing used in an adult with pre-existing lumbar scoliosis suffering from LBP. Case description A 40-year-old female presented with acute LBP. The subject complained of acute lumbar pain exacerbated when she was upright, and when she was engaged in the normal activities of daily life. At the time of the first observation, the patient was wearing a brace that was readily available commercially. We modified the non-individualized elastic brace that the patient had already purchased. Major improvements were observed in either or both of the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale and Numerical Pain Rating Scale scores. Conclusion We speculate that the tailored bracing described in the present case may be a viable option in carefully selected cases.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.004
       
  • Effects of Pilates exercise on general health of hemodialysis patients
    • Authors: Zahra Rahimimoghadam; Zahra Rahemi; Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz; Zohre Sadat
      Pages: 86 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Zahra Rahimimoghadam, Zahra Rahemi, Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz, Zohre Sadat
      Pilates is a type of exercise which has recently drawn exercise and health experts' attention. They have noticed that it can improve hemodialysis patients' general health. A clinical trial study was performed. Fifty hemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. A demographic information questionnaire and a general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) were completed by the two groups at the beginning of the study. Then, modified Pilates exercises were carried out in the intervention group three times a week over a period of eight weeks. At the end of the study, the GHQ-28 questionnaire was completed by the two groups. In the intervention group, the difference between the mean scores of general health before (45.24 ± 9.9) and after (31.2 ± 6.9) the intervention was significant (p ≤ 0.002). After the intervention, the difference between the mean scores of the control (1.6 ± 1.3) and intervention (14 ± 0.78) groups was also significant (p ≤ 0.001).

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.012
       
  • Influence of treadmill gait training with additional load on motor
           function, postural instability and history of falls for individuals with
           Parkinson's disease: A randomized clinical trial
    • Authors: Larissa Coutinho de Lucena Trigueiro; Gabriela Lopes Gama; Tatiana Souza Ribeiro; Louise Gabriella Lopes de Macedo Ferreira; Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão; Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza e Silva; Clécio de Oliveira Godeiro Júnior; Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
      Pages: 93 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Larissa Coutinho de Lucena Trigueiro, Gabriela Lopes Gama, Tatiana Souza Ribeiro, Louise Gabriella Lopes de Macedo Ferreira, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza e Silva, Clécio de Oliveira Godeiro Júnior, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
      Background Evaluate the effects of additional load (5% and 10% of body weight) with treadmill gait training on the motor aspects in Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods Randomized controlled single-blind trial with 30 individuals with PD. The volunteers were divided into three groups (treadmill with 0%, 5% or 10% load), where Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale was applied. Treadmill gait training was conducted over 4 consecutive weeks, with three weekly sessions of 30 min each. Results There was a significant reduction in all groups in the time factor for motor function (F = 12.92; P = 0.001) and postural instability (F = 11.23; P = 0.002). No significant difference was observed in group × time interaction (F < 1.76; P > 0.19). Conclusion The treadmill comprises an effective therapy for people with PD, for important motor aspects such as motor function and postural instability. Additional load had no influence on results.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.009
       
  • Experiences of intervertebral motion palpation in osteopathic practice –
           A qualitative interview study among Swedish osteopaths
    • Authors: Niklas S. Sposato; Kristofer Bjerså
      Pages: 101 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Niklas S. Sposato, Kristofer Bjerså
      Background Assessment in manual therapy includes quantitative and qualitative procedures, and intervertebral motion palpation (IMP) is one of the core assessment methods in osteopathic practice. The aim of this study was to explore osteopathic practitioners' experiences of clinical decision-making and IMP as a diagnostic tool for planning and evaluation of osteopathic interventions. Method The study was conducted with semi-structured interviews that included eight informants. Content analysis was used as the analytical procedure. Result In total, three categories emerged from the analysis: strategic decision-making, diagnostic usability of IMP, and treatment applicability of IMP. Conclusion The study indicated that IMP was considered relevant and was given particular importance in cases where IMP findings confirmed clinical information attained from other stages in the diagnostic process as a whole. However, IMP findings were experienced as less important if they were not correlated to other findings.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.008
       
  • The use of a custom-made mouthguard stabilizes the electromyographic
           activity of the masticatory muscles among Karate-Dō athletes
    • Authors: Gilsane Raquel; Eli Luis Namba; Daniel Bonotto; Edvaldo Antônio Ribeiro Rosa; Paula Cristina Trevilatto; Maria Ângela Naval Machado; Michelle Santos Vianna-Lara; Luciana Reis Azevedo-Alanis
      Pages: 109 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Gilsane Raquel, Eli Luis Namba, Daniel Bonotto, Edvaldo Antônio Ribeiro Rosa, Paula Cristina Trevilatto, Maria Ângela Naval Machado, Michelle Santos Vianna-Lara, Luciana Reis Azevedo-Alanis
      Aims To analyze and compare the electromyographic activity of the temporal (anterior portion) and masseter muscles among Karate-Dō athletes before and after training, with and without the use of a mouthguard. Methods Twenty athletes (14 males and 6 females) with a mean age of 23.7 ± 7.5 years participated. They had surface electromyography recordings taken of their bilateral temporal and masseter muscles before and after training under the following conditions: no mouthguard, with a ready-made mouthguard, and with a custom-made mouthguard. Activity was examined at mandibular rest, while clenching, and at maximum voluntary contraction. The data were normalized using the mean maximum voluntary contraction. Results The right (p = 0.005) and left (p = 0.015) temporal muscles showed significantly lower electromyographic activity with a custom-made mouthguard compared with no mouthguard after training while clenching. The electromyographic activity of the temporal and masseter muscles did not show significant differences when tested at mandibular rest and while clenching before or after training with a custom-made mouthguard (p > 0.05). Conclusion The use of a custom-made mouthguard preserved participants' electromyographic profiles before and after training; thus, they allow for stable muscle activity during the training of Karate-Dō athletes.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.007
       
  • Nintendo Wii Fit for balance rehabilitation in patients with Parkinson's
           disease: A comparative study
    • Authors: Stefano Negrini; Luciano Bissolotti; Alessandro Ferraris; Fulvia Noro; Mark D. Bishop; Jorge Hugo Villafañe
      Pages: 117 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Stefano Negrini, Luciano Bissolotti, Alessandro Ferraris, Fulvia Noro, Mark D. Bishop, Jorge Hugo Villafañe
      Background Impaired postural stability places individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) at an increased risk for falls. Objective We evaluated the effectiveness of 10 vs. 15 sessions of Nintendo Wii Fit for balance recovery for outpatients PD. Methods Twenty-seven patients, 48.1% female (66 ± 8 years), with PD. Patients with PD were consecutively assigned to one of two groups receiving either 10 or 15 sessions (low dose or high dose group, respectively) with Nintendo Wii Fit in recovering balancing ability. All outcome measures were collected at baseline, immediately following the intervention period, and 1-month following the end of the intervention. Main outcome measure: Falls risk test (FRT), Stability index (PST), Berg balance scale (BBS) and Tinetti scale. Results The patients undergoing the 10 sessions demonstrated significantly improvement on the balance performances (Tinetti balance and gait scales, BBS and BSF) (all, P < 0.05) as those undergoing 15 treatment with Nintendo Wii Fit, but no significant group effect or group-by-time interaction was detected for any of them, which suggests that both groups improved in the same way. Conclusions The results suggest that functional improvement can be made in fewer visits during outpatient rehabilitation sessions with Nintendo Wii Fit improving the efficiency of intervention.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.001
       
  • Effects of a 16-week Pilates exercises training program for isometric
           trunk extension and flexion strength
    • Authors: Irina Kliziene; Saule Sipaviciene; Jovita Vilkiene; Audrone Astrauskiene; Gintautas Cibulskas; Sarunas Klizas; Ginas Cizauskas
      Pages: 124 - 132
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Irina Kliziene, Saule Sipaviciene, Jovita Vilkiene, Audrone Astrauskiene, Gintautas Cibulskas, Sarunas Klizas, Ginas Cizauskas
      Objective To evaluate the effects of Pilates exercises designed to improve isometric trunk extension and flexion strength of muscles in women with chronic low back pain (cLBP). Participants Female volunteers with cLBP were divided into an experimental group (EG; n = 27) and a control group (CG; n = 27). Intervention Pilates exercises were performed twice per week by the EG; the duration of each session was 60 min. The program lasted for 16 weeks; thus patients underwent a total of 32 exercise sessions. Results The maximum isometric waist bending strength of the EG had improved significantly (p = 0.001) after 16 weeks of the Pilates program. The results of trunk flexion muscle endurance tests significantly depended on the trunk extension muscle endurance before the intervention, and at 1 month (r = 0.723, p < 0.001) and 2 months (r = 0.779, p < 0.001) after the Pilates exercise program. At the end of the 16-week exercise program, cLBP intensity decreased by 2.01 ± 0.8 (p < 0.05) in the EG, and this reduction persisted for 1 month after completion of the program. Conclusions At 1 and 2 months after cessation of the Pilates exercise program the pain intensified and the functional state deteriorated much faster than the maximum trunk muscle strength. Therefore, it can be concluded that, to decrease pain and improve functional condition, regular exercise (and not only improved strength and endurance) is required. We established that, although the 16-week lumbar stabilization exercise program increased isometric trunk extension and flexion strength and this increase in strength persisted for 2 months, decreased LBP and improved functional condition endured for only 1 month.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.005
       
  • Adaptation, reliability and validity testing of a Persian version of the
           Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index in Iranian patients with
           rheumatoid arthritis
    • Authors: Salman Nazary-Moghadam; Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh; Mahyar Salavati; Simin Almasi; Hossein Negahban
      Pages: 133 - 140
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Salman Nazary-Moghadam, Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh, Mahyar Salavati, Simin Almasi, Hossein Negahban
      Objective The aim of the present study was to culturally adapt and evaluate reliability and validity of Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) in Iranian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Subjects 234 patients with RA for validation study, Eighty-six participants for reliability study. Methods Test-retest relative reliability and internal consistency of Persian version of HAQ-DI were examined by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach's alpha, respectively. Additionally, HAQ-DI construct validity (Spearman's correlation) was examined using Persian version of Short-Form 36 Health survey (SF-36), activity and severity parameters. Results Persian version of HAQ-DI total score showed excellent test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.98) and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.95). Spearman's correlations between the total PHAQ-DI score and activity and severity parameters were above 0.55. Correlation between PHAQ-DI and SF-36 Physical Health were higher as compared with SF-36 Mental Health. Conclusion Persian version of HAQ-DI is a reliable and valid culturally-adapted instrument in order to measure functional limitations in Iranian people with RA.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.07.001
       
  • Professional ballet dancers' experience of injury and osteopathic
           treatment in the UK: A qualitative study
    • Authors: Tobias Pollard-Smith; Oliver P. Thomson
      Pages: 148 - 156
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Tobias Pollard-Smith, Oliver P. Thomson
      Objectives Professional dancers suffer significant musculoskeletal injuries during the course of their careers. Treatment-seeking behaviour is important in all patient populations, yet is rarely investigated amongst professional dancers. This qualitative study aimed to form a better understanding of how dancers decide to seek treatment, and in particular to explore their experiences of receiving osteopathic care for their injuries. Methods A qualitative study design using grounded theory was used as a methodological framework for data collection and analysis. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore professional dancers' experience of injury and decision-making to seek professional healthcare. Results Five themes were constructed that explain and describe dancers' experience of injuries and their views and perspectives of treatment, these were; the growing dancer, the fear factor, learning to cope, effective treatment, and returning autonomy. Conclusion The personal development of each dancer consisted of an amalgam of internal and external pressures. These pressures combine with experiences of pain and injury to influence a dancer's decision-making behaviour when injured and deciding to seek treatment. The study also provide factors relevant in the effective treatment of dancers, and outlined participants' preference for a global physical approach to assessment and treatment of their musculoskeletal pain.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.009
       
  • Musicians, postural quality and musculoskeletal health: A literature's
           review
    • Authors: Patricia Blanco-Piñeiro; M. Pino Díaz-Pereira; Aurora Martínez
      Pages: 157 - 172
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Patricia Blanco-Piñeiro, M. Pino Díaz-Pereira, Aurora Martínez
      Objective An analysis of the salient characteristics of research papers published between 1989 and 2015 that evaluate the relationship between postural quality during musical performance and various performance quality and health factors, with emphasis on musculoskeletal health variables. Methods Searches of Medline, Scopus and Google Scholar for papers that analysed the subject of the study objective. The following MeSH descriptors were used: posture; postural balance; muscle, skeletal; task performance and analysis; back; and spine and music. A descriptive statistical analysis of their methodology (sample types, temporal design, and postural, health and other variables analysed) and findings has been made. The inclusion criterion was that the body postural quality of the musicians during performance was included among the target study variables. Results Forty-one relevant empirical studies were found, written in English. Comparison and analysis of their results was hampered by great disparities in measuring instruments and operationalization of variables. Conclusions Despite the growing interest in the relationships among these variables, the empirical knowledge base still has many limitations, making rigorous comparative analysis difficult.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.018
       
  • Effect of MELT method on thoracolumbar connective tissue: The full study
    • Authors: Faria Sanjana; Hans Chaudhry; Thomas Findley
      Pages: 179 - 185
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Faria Sanjana, Hans Chaudhry, Thomas Findley
      Altered connective tissue structure has been identified in adults with chronic low back pain (LBP). A self-care treatment for managing LBP is the MELT method. The MELT method is a hands-off, self-treatment that is said to alleviate chronic pain, release tension and restore mobility, utilizing specialized soft treatments balls, soft body roller and techniques mimicking manual therapy. The objective of this study was to determine whether thickness of thoracolumbar connective tissue and biomechanical and viscoelastic properties of myofascial tissue in the low back region change in subjects with chronic LBP as a result of MELT. This study was designed using a quasi experimental pre–post- design that analyzed data from subjects who performed MELT. Using ultrasound imaging and an algorithm developed in MATLAB, thickness of thoracolumbar connective tissue was analyzed in 22 subjects. A hand-held digital palpation device, called the MyotonPRO, was used to assess biomechanical properties such as stiffness, elasticity, tone and mechanical stress relaxation time of the thoracolumbar myofascial tissue. A forward bending test assessing flexibility and pain scale was added to see if MELT affected subjects with chronic LBP. A significant decrease in connective tissue thickness and pain was observed in participants. Significant increase in flexibility was also recorded.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.010
       
  • Do exercises with the Foam Roller have a short-term impact on the
           thoracolumbar fascia' – A randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Annika Griefahn; Jan Oehlmann; Christoff Zalpour; Harry von Piekartz
      Pages: 186 - 193
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Annika Griefahn, Jan Oehlmann, Christoff Zalpour, Harry von Piekartz
      Due to new research results in the past few years, interest in the fascia of the human body has increased. Dysfunctions of the fascia are indicated by various symptoms, amongst others, musculoskeletal pain. As a result stronger focus has been put on researching therapeutic approaches in this area. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Foam Roll exercises on the mobility of the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF). Study has been conducted in a randomized and controlled trial which sampled 38 healthy athletic active men and women. The subjects were randomly assigned to a Foam Roll Group (FMG), a Placebo Group (PG) and a Control Group (CG). Depending on the assigned group the volunteers were either instructed to do exercises with the Foam Roll, received a pseudo treatment with the Foam Roll or received no treatment. A total of three measurements were carried out. The most important field of research was the mobility of the TLF, which was determined using a sonographic assessment. In addition the lumbar flexion and the mechanosensivity of relevant muscles were determined. After the intervention, the FMG showed an average increase of 1.7915 mm for the mobility of the TLF (p < 0.001/d = 0.756). In contrast, only an average improvement of 0.1681 mm (p = 0.397) was shown in the PG, while the CG showed a slight improvement of 0.0139 mm (p = 0.861). However, no significant changes were observed with regard to the lumbar flexion and mechanosensivity of the treated muscles. Thus, evidence is that the use of Foam Roll exercises significantly improves the mobility of the thoracolumbar fascia in a healthy young population.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.05.011
       
  • Chronic pain in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hypermobility
           type): The role of myofascial trigger point injections
    • Authors: Saipriya Tewari; Rajashree Madabushi; Anil Agarwal; Sujeet K. Gautam; Sandeep Khuba
      Pages: 194 - 196
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Saipriya Tewari, Rajashree Madabushi, Anil Agarwal, Sujeet K. Gautam, Sandeep Khuba
      Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain is a cardinal symptom in hypermobility type of Ehler Danlos Syndrome (EDS type III). The management of pain in EDS, however, has not been studied in depth. A 30 year old female, known case of EDS, presented to the pain clinic with complaints of severe upper back pain for 6 months. Physical examination of the back revealed two myofascial trigger points over the left rhomboids and the left erector spinae. Local anaesthetic trigger point injections were given at these points, followed by stretching exercises under analgesic cover for the first week. After 1 week the patient reported 60–80% pain relief. This case highlights that we must keep a high index of suspicion for the more treatable causes of pain like myofascial pain syndrome in patients suffering from EDS, and should address it promptly and appropriately in order to maximise patient comfort.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.06.017
       
  • Effect of myofascial induction therapy on post-c-section scars, more than
           one and a half years old. Pilot study
    • Authors: Antonio Chamorro Comesaña; Ma del Pilar Suárez Vicente; Tirso Docampo Ferreira; Ma del Mar Pérez-La Fuente Varela; Ma Magdalena Porto Quintáns; Andrzej Pilat
      Pages: 197 - 204
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Antonio Chamorro Comesaña, M del Pilar Suárez Vicente, Tirso Docampo Ferreira, M del Mar Pérez-La Fuente Varela, M Magdalena Porto Quintáns, Andrzej Pilat
      Myofascial Induction Therapy (MIT) is a manually-applied method used in physiotherapy and focused on restoring altered fascial tissue. In a healthy body, the fascial system maintains elasticity and coordination of movements. However, injuries and their after-effects, such as scars, may reduce this tissue role, causing a dysfunction. The aim of this study is to ascertain the effect of MIT on scars which have completed the repair process in healthy individuals without any associated pathology that might affect the healing process. In all 10 cases studied, changes were observed after applying MIT on the structure of the scar fold, both at deep (shown by ultrasound) and at superficial (shown by scar fold measurement) levels. Eight weekly MIT sessions were applied, establishing this number as a reference for future studies. Functional improvement was determined using Schober's Test and patient quality of life was measured with a specific questionnaire. These outcomes lay the groundwork for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.07.003
       
  • Foot exercise and taping in patients with patellofemoral pain and pronated
           foot
    • Authors: Jihyun Lee; Jangwhon Yoon; Heonseock Cynn
      Pages: 216 - 222
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 21, Issue 1
      Author(s): Jihyun Lee, Jangwhon Yoon, Heonseock Cynn
      This study compared the effect of three foot conditions (untreated, short foot [SF] exercise, and Tape) on knee and ankle muscle activity during forward descending of stairs in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and a pronated foot. Surface electromyography activities in the vastus medialis oblique (VMO), vastus lateralis (VL), and abductor hallucis (AbdH) were recorded during forward descending stairs; Surface electromyography data were expressed as percentages of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction. A total of 18 subjects (6 males and 12 females) with PFPS and a pronated foot participated in the current study. The SF exercise was associated with significantly greater AbdH muscle activity compared to the tape condition during forward descending stairs. However, there was no significant difference in VMO or VL muscle activity, or in the VMO/VL muscle activity ratio, among the three foot conditions. The SF exercise was the most effective method of increasing AbdH muscle activity during forward descending stairs in subjects with PFPS and a pronated foot.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.07.010
       
  • Effect of yoga on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of
           life of young women with primary dysmenorrhea
    • Authors: Ponlapat Yonglitthipagon; Somruthai Muansiangsai; Wilanee Wongkhumngern; Wanida Donpunha; Raoyrin Chanavirut; Wantana Siritaratiwat; Lukana Mato; Wichai Eungpinichpong; Taweesak Janyacharoen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Ponlapat Yonglitthipagon, Somruthai Muansiangsai, Wilanee Wongkhumngern, Wanida Donpunha, Raoyrin Chanavirut, Wantana Siritaratiwat, Lukana Mato, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Taweesak Janyacharoen
      The aim of the present study was to investigate effect of specially designed yoga program on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life (QOL) of non-athlete women with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) aged 18–22 years. Thirty-four volunteers were randomly assigned into control and yoga groups. Menstrual pain, physical fitness, and QOL were evaluated at baseline and at the end of the 12-week study period. The yoga group was asked to practice yoga for 30 min per day, twice a week, for 12 weeks at home, while the control group did not receive any form of exercise over the study period. There were significant improve in menstrual pain, physical fitness, and QOL in the yoga group more than the control group. Therefore, this specially designed yoga program may be a possible complementary treatment for PD.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.014
       
  • A critical overview of the current myofascial pain literature –
           March 2017
    • Authors: Jan Dommerholt; Rob Grieve; Todd Hooks; Michelle Finnegan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Jan Dommerholt, Rob Grieve, Todd Hooks, Michelle Finnegan
      After two years of having contributed to this overview series of articles, we sadly say goodbye to Dr. Rob Grieve. We would like to thank Dr. Grieve for his insightful contributions and analyses of the myofascial pain literature. Dr. Grieve would have preferred to continue, but his many university and research responsibilities had to take priority. We are looking forward to reviewing his future research endeavors in this article. We are pleased that Dr. Li-Wei Chou, MD, PhD has agreed to replace Dr. Grieve and join our team. Dr. Chou is Assistant Professor at China Medical University in Taichung, Taiwan and he has an impressive publication record with many research studies and book chapters. In this edition of the overview article, we once again have included articles from around the world with a combination of basic research and clinical studies and case reports. The majority of papers deal with dry needling, but there are also several more basic research studies and manual therapy papers.

      PubDate: 2017-02-08T16:01:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.02.001
       
  • Effects of Kinesio Taping® on knee function and pain in athletes with
           patellofemoral pain syndrome
    • Authors: Elaheh Aghapour; Fahimeh Kamali; Ehsan Sinaei
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Elaheh Aghapour, Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei
      Objective To compare the knee performance and pain in athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) before and after applying Kinesio Tape® (KT) on vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle. Participants Fifteen participants (10 females, five males) with unilateral PFPS were examined and compared under taped and untaped conditions. Intervention VMO of the involved leg was taped from origin to insertion, with 75% of KT's maximal length tension. Main Outcome Measures Maximal eccentric and concentric peak torques of quadriceps were measured at 60 and 180°/s angular velocities by an isokinetic dynamometer. Functional performance and pain were evaluated by functional tests (step-down and bilateral squat) and visual analog scale, respectively. Results Paired t-test showed statistically significant increase in VMO peak torque and also repetition of step- down test and bilateral squat after using KT. Pain intensity was also decreased significantly following KT application (p<0.05). Conclusions KT application over VMO can decrease pain and improve the functional performance, generally and quadriceps muscle strength, particularly, in athletes with PFPS. However, more research is needed to evaluate the long-term effects of this therapeutic procedure.

      PubDate: 2017-02-01T17:11:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.012
       
  • Telocytes: Connective Tissue Repair and Communication cells
    • Authors: Leon Chaitow
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow


      PubDate: 2017-02-01T17:11:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.011
       
  • The immediate effect of talocrural joint manipulation on functional
           performance of 15–40 years old athletes with chronic ankle instability:
           A double-blind randomized clinical trial
    • Authors: Fahimeh Kamali; Ehsan Sinaei; Sara Bahadorian
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei, Sara Bahadorian
      Objective To evaluate the immediate effect of talocrural joint manipulation (TCJM) on functional performance of athletes with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Participants Forty athletes (18males, 22females) with CAI divided into TCJM group (n = 20) and sham manipulation group (n = 20). Intervention TCJM was performed as a quick thrust on the involved talus, in the posterior direction. Sham manipulation was maintaining the same position, without any thrust. Main Outcome Measures Functional performance of athletes was assessed with single leg hop; speed and Y balance tests, before and after the interventions. Results All functional tests evaluated in this study improved significantly after TCJM (p-value<0.05). These findings were not seen in the control group. Between-group comparisons also showed significant changes for all the measurements after the interventions (p < 0.05). Conclusions TCJM can significantly increase the functional performance of athletes with CIA and can be an effective supplementary treatment for these subjects. However, this was a pre-post study and future studies with long-term follow-ups may provide more reliable results about the long-term effectiveness of this type of treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-01-25T18:51:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.010
       
  • Pilot study: Post-operative rehabilitation pathway changes and
           implementation of functional closed kinetic chain exercise in total hip
           and total knee replacement patient
    • Authors: C. Abbas; J. Daher
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): C. Abbas, J. Daher
      Objective The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of introducing a functional closed kinetic chain exercise program to an acute care setting to reduce length of hospital stay and assess tolerance to exercise immediately following total hip or total knee arthroplasty. Methods A protocol change implementing a functional closed kinetic chain based exercise program, post total hip (n = 535) and total knee (n = 695) arthroplasty, was performed at Windsor Regional Hospital Ouellette Campus in Windsor, Ontario Canada. A chart review was performed to compare the length of stay, post-surgery, of the new protocol to the length of stay of the previous range of motion and open kinetic chain based protocols of the previous two years. Results A significant (P-value <0.05) number of total hip and total knee arthroplasty patients reduced the length of hospital stay to less than 4 days using the closed kinetic chain program. Conclusion Evidence suggests that closed kinetic chain exercises are tolerated in the acute care setting and may be useful in reducing hospital length of stay post total hip and total knee arthroplasty.

      PubDate: 2017-01-18T18:16:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.009
       
  • Scientific Evidence Based Effects of Yoga Practices on Various Health
           Related Problems of Elderly Peoples: A Review
    • Authors: A. Mooventhan; L. Nivethitha
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): A. Mooventhan, L. Nivethitha
      More than 50% of the elderly above 60 years of age suffer from chronic medical conditions and the prevalence of which increase with age. Though Yoga has been reported as an effective modality in improving various physical and psychological aspects of elderly populations, a comprehensive review of Yoga and its effects on various health related problems of elderly populations has not been reported yet. Hence, we performed PubMed/Medline search to review relevant articles, using keyword “yoga and elderly”. Relevant articles published since inception till 6th October 2016 were included for the review. Based on the available scientific literature, this review suggests that the regular practice of Yoga can be considered as an effective intervention in improving physical (reduces heart rate, blood pressure, blood glucose, oxidative damage, fatigue, weakness, fear of fall, and improve heart rate variability, baroreflex sensitivity, insulin sensitivity, physical functions, mobility, flexibility, and urinary incontinence), mental (reduces depression, anxiety), emotional (reduces anger, stress, tension and improve self-efficacy), social (improve life satisfaction), and vital (improved vitality) planes of elderly persons with better quality of sleep and quality of life.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.004
       
  • Biological effects of direct and indirect manipulation of the fascial
           system. Narrative review
    • Authors: Giovanni Parravicini; Andrea Bergna
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Giovanni Parravicini, Andrea Bergna
      Introduction Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) is effective in improving function, movement and restoring pain conditions. Despite clinical results, the mechanisms of how OMT works remain unclear. The fascial system is described as a tensional network that envelops the human body. Direct or indirect manipulations of the fascial system are a distinctive part of OMT. Objective This review describes the biological effects of direct and indirect manipulation of the fascial system. Material and methods Literature search was performed in February 2016 in the electronic databases: Cochrane, Medline, Scopus, Ostmed, Pedro and authors’ publications relative to Fascia Research Congress Website. Results Manipulation of the fascial system seems to interfere with some cellular processes providing various pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory molecules. Discussion Despite growing research in the osteopathic field, biological effects of direct or indirect manipulation of the fascial system are not conclusive. Conclusion To elevate manual medicine as a primary intervention in clinical settings, it’s necessary to clarify how OMT modalities work in order to underpin their clinical efficacies.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.005
       
  • Procedures of assessment on the quantification of thoracic kyphosis and
           lumbar lordosis by radiography and photogrammetry: a literature review
    • Authors: Alessandra Beggiato Porto; Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Alessandra Beggiato Porto, Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki
      The quantification of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis can be assessed in different ways; among them radiography and photogrammetry. However, the assessment procedures are not consistent in the literature for either method. The objective of this study was to conduct a literature review about postural assessment through radiography and photogrammetry, for delineating the procedures for both methods. In total 38 studies were selected by an online search in the MEDLINE and LILACS databases with the keywords: radiograph and posture, postural alignment, photogrammetry or photometry or biophotogrammetry. For the radiographic method, the results showed divergences in arm positioning and in the calculation of thoracic and lumbar angles. The photogrammetry demonstrated differences in relation to the camera, tripod, plumb line and feet positioning, angle calculation, software utilization, and the use of footwear. Standardization is proposed for both methods to help establish normative values and comparisons between diagnoses.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.008
       
  • IMPACT OF PHYSICAL GROWTH, BODY ADIPOSITY AND LIFESTYLE ON MUSCULAR
           STRENGTH AND CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS OF ADOLESCENTS
    • Authors: Diego Augusto Santos Silva; Priscila Custódio Martins
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Priscila Custódio Martins
      Objective To investigate the impact of physical growth, body adiposity and lifestyle on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength of pubescent and post-pubescent adolescents. Methods Cross-sectional study with 1,132 adolescents (14-19 years) in Brazil. Aerobic fitness was measured using the modified Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test. Muscle strength was assessed using manual dynamometer. Maturational stages were defined through the Tanner criteria. Results Boys at pubertal maturation stage showed higher VO2max values than those at the post-pubertal stage when the influence of body adiposity and lifestyle was disregarded. Girls at pubertal maturation stage showed higher VO2max values than those in the post-pubertal stage when the influence of age was disregarded. For muscle strength, no significant differences were found. Conclusions The variables that influence the association between VO2max and maturational stage are different for boys and girls.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.007
       
  • PILATES INCREASES THE ISOKINETIC MUSCULAR STRENGTH OF THE KNEE EXTENSORS
           AND FLEXORS IN ELDERLY WOMEN
    • Authors: Laís Campos de Oliveira; Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira; Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
      Introduction Pilates has been shown to be effective for increasing muscle strength in older adults, however, some variables have not yet been explored. Objective Investigate the effects of Pilates on the isokinetic muscular strength of the knee extensors and flexors at 60º/s, in elderly women. Method Thirty-two women were randomized into two groups: control group (CG, n = 16, age = 64.2 ± 0.8 years; BMI = 25.0 ± 1.2 Kg/m2), and experimental group (EG, n = 16, age = 63.6 ± 1.0 years, BMI = 24.7 ± 1.3 Kg/m2). Isokinetic evaluation of the knee extensor and flexor muscles was performed at 60°/s, pre- and post-intervention, considering the peak torque (N.m) and total work (J) for the right and left lower limbs. The CG participated in static stretching and the EG in Pilates sessions, twice a week for 12 weeks. Results The results demonstrated that the EG presented a significant improvement (p < 0.01) in all tests performed, when comparing the pre- and post-intervention (intragroup), with an effect size (Cohen's d) reaching 2.03 and 1.33 for the knee flexor and extensor muscles respectively. Comparing the CG and EG (intergroup), post-intervention, a significant improvement was observed (p ≤ 0.01) in favor of the EG for all variables, with an effect size (Cohen's d) reaching 1.59 and 1.15 for the knee flexor and extensor muscles respectively. Conclusion The results indicated that 12 weeks of Pilates increases the isokinetic muscular strength of the knee extensors and flexors in elderly women and can be considered for this purpose when prescribing physical exercise programs.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.006
       
  • Comparison of acute effects of superficial and deep dry needling into
           trigger points of suboccipital and upper trapezius muscles in patients
           with cervicogenic headache
    • Authors: Asefeh Sedighi; Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari; Soofia Naghdi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Asefeh Sedighi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi
      Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of superficial and deep dry needling into trigger points of suboccipital and upper trapezius muscles in patients with cervicogenic headache. Methods Thirty participants (8 men, 22 women) aged 19 to 60 years (mean age ± SD, 39 ± 10 y) with a clinical diagnosis of cervicogenic headache were randomly divided into superficial and deep groups. Headache index, trigger points tenderness, cervical range of motion (CROM), functional rating index was assessed at baseline, immediate and 1 week after the treatment. Results Two approaches of dry needling showed reduction in headache index and trigger points tenderness. Deep dry needling showed greater improvement of cervical range of motion (p < .001) and functional rating index (p < .01). Conclusion The application of dry needling into trigger points of suboccipital and upper trapezius muscles induces significant improvement of headache index, trigger points tenderness, functional rating index and range of motion in patients with cervicogenic headache. Deep dry needling had greater effects on CROM and function.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.002
       
  • The effects of preventive rubber band training on shoulder joint imbalance
           and throwing performance in handball players: a randomized and prospective
           study
    • Authors: Naryana Cristina Mascarin; Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira; Rodrigo Luiz Vancini; Antonio Carlos da Silva; Marilia Santos Andrade
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Naryana Cristina Mascarin, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Antonio Carlos da Silva, Marilia Santos Andrade
      Objectives To investigate the effects of a strength training program (STP) using rubber band exercises. Methods Twenty-five athletes were divided into two groups: muscular imbalance in the dominant (D) and in the non-dominant (ND) upper limbs. Each group was subdivided into experimental and control groups. Experimental groups performed eighteen sessions of STP. Athletes were submitted to ball throwing and isokinetic strength tests to assess the muscular strength of the shoulder rotator muscles and conventional and functional balance ratios. Results STP improved external rotator peak torque (18.0±0.8 to 21.3±1.0Nm, p<0.01) and total work (29.3±0.9 to 34.5±1.5J, p<0.01) in the D experimental group, while only total work (34.8±2.5 to 37.6±3.1J, p<0.03) improved in the D control group. The ND experimental group also presented significant improvement in external rotator peak torque (18.8±0.8 to 21.1±1.3Nm, p<0.01) and total work values (29.0±1.4 to 34.6 to 1.6J, p<0.01) while there was no strength improvement in the ND control group. The ND experimental group showed an improvement in conventional (61.5±3.5 to 72.7±3.0%, p=0.03) and functional (1.0±0.1 to 1.6±0.08, p<0.01) ratios. STP did not improve the conventional ratio in the D experimental group. However, STP produced a large effect size. The D experimental group presented an improvement in ball velocity (49.0±2.4 to 52.5±2.2km/h, p=0.04) in standing position throwing. Conclusions STP improves muscular strength of external rotator muscles and muscular balance.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.003
       
  • Effect of ischemic compression for cervicogenic headache and elastic
           behavior of active trigger point in the sternocleidomastoid muscle using
           ultrasound imaging
    • Authors: Mehdi Jafari; Farid Bahrpeyma; Mansoureh Togha
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2017
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Mehdi Jafari, Farid Bahrpeyma, Mansoureh Togha
      Objectives To investigate the effect of ischemic compression on clinical outcomes of a cervicogenic headache and elastic behavior of myofascial trigger points. Design Randomized, controlled trial was undertaken. Setting Outpatient headache clinic. Subjects 19 subjects with a cervicogenic headache originating from myofascial trigger point within the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Interventions Subjects were randomized in treatment group (n = 9) and control group (n = 10). Subjects in the treatment group received 4 sessions of ischemic compression in the myofascial trigger point region. Main measures Headache intensity, frequency, and duration, trigger point elastic modulus, trigger point area, pressure tolerance, and pressure pain threshold were assessed before and after treatment. Results Subjects in the treatment group compared with those in control group showed significant improvements in headache intensity (P = 0.002), headache frequency (P = 0.005), headache duration (P = 0.015), pressure tolerance (P < 0.001), pressure pain threshold (P = 0.039), and myofascial trigger point area (P = 0.017). Changes in myofascial trigger point elastic modulus did not reach a significant level (P > 0.05). Conclusion The improvements in outcome measures suggest that ischemic compression may be effective in subjects with a cervicogenic headache originating from a myofascial trigger point in the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Data suggest that biomechanical properties of MTrP and severity of headache symptoms are not directly linked, and other mechanisms could be more influential in contributing to symptoms.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T00:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.01.001
       
  • The Bench Press: The most misunderstood lift in Strength &amp;
           Conditioning
    • Authors: Brian Carroll; D.C. Craig Liebenson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Brian Carroll, D.C. Craig Liebenson


      PubDate: 2016-11-25T15:22:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.010
       
  • Change and continuity at JBMT
    • Authors: Leon Chaitow
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow


      PubDate: 2016-11-25T15:22:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.009
       
  • Defining the fascial system
    • Authors: Sue Adstrum; Gil Hedley; Robert Schleip; Carla Stecco; Can A. Yucesoy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Sue Adstrum, Gil Hedley, Robert Schleip, Carla Stecco, Can A. Yucesoy
      Fascia is a widely used yet indistinctly defined anatomical term that is concurrently applied to the description of soft collagenous connective tissue, distinct sections of membranous tissue, and a body pervading soft connective tissue system. Inconsistent use of this term is causing concern due to its potential to confuse technical communication about fascia in global, multiple discipline- and multiple profession-spanning discourse environments. The Fascia Research Society acted to address this issue by establishing a Fascia Nomenclature Committee (FNC) whose purpose was to clarify the terminology relating to fascia. This committee has since developed and defined the terms a fascia, and, more recently, the fascial system. This article reports on the FNC's proposed definition of the fascial system.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.003
       
  • Comment on ‘Defining the fascial system’
    • Authors: Graham Scarr; CBiol
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Graham Scarr CBiol


      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
       
  • Plantar heel pain
    • Authors: Warrick McNeill; Mark Silvester
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Warrick McNeill, Mark Silvester


      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.001
       
  • A critical overview of the current myofascial pain literature –
           January 2017
    • Authors: Jan Dommerholt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Jan Dommerholt
      Due to a change in the production schedule of this journal, two issues of this article were due within a month of each other, which precluded the usual group of authors to contribute to the current paper, but they will return with the next issue. This overview includes several articles questioning the use of dry needling (DN) by non-acupuncturists, which continues to be a controversial topic especially in the United States. Several researchers examined the effects of manual trigger point (TrP) techniques applied to TrPs in the upper trapezius muscle. The results were mixed and not necessarily consistent among studies. The research of the clinical management of TrPs is still limited, because of small sample sizes, insufficient power, the inherent risk of the introduction of bias, and poor study methodologies.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.005
       
  • Calf stretching in correct alignment. An important consideration in
           plantar fasciopathies
    • Authors: Mark Silvester
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 November 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Mark Silvester
      Stretching of the calf muscles is important in the treatment of plantar fasciopathy. In order to correctly stretch the calf muscles without strain on the plantar fascia the correct alignment of the lower limb should be maintained. A clinical method of achieving this is presented along with a practical guide to assisting the patient to become familiar with correct lower limb alignment.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18T14:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.11.002
       
  • Is self-massage an effective joint range-of-motion strategy' A pilot
           study
    • Authors: Estêvão Rios Monteiro; Mark Tyler Cavanaugh; David Michael Frost; Jefferson da Silva Novaes
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2016
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Mark Tyler Cavanaugh, David Michael Frost, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
      Increases in joint range of motion may be beneficial in both improving performance and reducing the risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate short-term changes in passive hip flexion (HF) and extension (HE) after foam rolling (FR) and roller massage (RM) durations of 60 and 120 seconds. Ten recreationally active men (27.6 ± 2.4 years old; 164.8 ± 6.6 cm; 62.2 ± 8.0 kg; 24.2 ± 2.1 m2/kg) were recruited for this study. Subjects performed foam rolling (FR) and roller massage (RM) on the hamstrings for 60 (FR60 and RM60) and 120 (FR120 and RM120) seconds. Significant differences between FR120 and RM60 were observed in both HF (p < 0.001) and HE (p < 0.001) suggesting an intervention (roller style) effect. Furthermore, significant differences (p < 0.001) between RM60 and RM120 suggest a dosage based response. Thus, the findings indicate that different roller type or rolling volume may affect range-of-motion.

      PubDate: 2016-10-21T22:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.10.003
       
 
 
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