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Journal Cover Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1360-8592
     Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2563 journals]   [SJR: 0.458]   [H-I: 18]
  • The Pilates breathing technique increases the electromyographic amplitude
           level of the deep abdominal muscles in untrained people
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Alexandre Wesley Carvalho Barbosa , Camila Antunes Guedes , Douglas Novaes Bonifácio , Angélica de Fátima Silva , Fábio Luiz Mendonça Martins , Michelle Cristina Sales Almeida Barbosa
      Objective To evaluate the behaviour of the upper rectus abdominis, lower rectus abdominis and transverse abdominis/internal oblique (TrA/IO) by using surface electromyography during trunk flexion with and without the Pilates breathing technique. Methods Nineteen female subjects (without experience of the Pilates method) were recruited. The muscles were evaluated while trunk flexion was performed by using the Pilates breathing technique (POW) and Step Barrel device, followed by another contraction without the technique (NORM). Normality was accepted, and the paired t-test was used to determine data differences (p<0.05). Results Significant differences were noted in the amplitude level of activation between TrA/IO-POW and TrA/IO-NORM. The activation amplitude level of TrA/IO-POW significantly increased compared with all the other muscles under the NORM condition. Conclusion The breathing technique of the Pilates method associated with trunk flexion increases TrA/IO electrical activity.


      PubDate: 2014-06-10T16:40:28Z
       
  • Reliability of ultrasound thickness measurement of the abdominal muscles
           during clinical isometric endurance tests
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Shabnam ShahAli , Amir Massoud Arab , Saeed Talebian , Esmaeil Ebrahimi , Andia Bahmani , Noureddin Karimi , Hoda Nabavi
      The study was designed to evaluate the intra-examiner reliability of ultrasound (US) thickness measurement of abdominal muscles activity at supine lying and during two isometric endurance tests in subjects with and without Low back pain (LBP). A total of 19 women (9 with LBP, 10 without LBP) participated in the study. Within-day reliability of the US thickness measurements at supine lying and the two isometric endurance tests were assessed in all subjects. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess the relative reliability of thickness measurement. The standard error of measurement (SEM), minimal detectable change (MDC) and the coefficient of variation (CV) were used to evaluate the absolute reliability. Results indicated high ICC scores (0.73-0.99) and also small SEM and MDC scores for within-day reliability assessment. The Bland-Altman plots of agreement in US measurement of the abdominal muscles during the two isometric endurance tests demonstrated that 95% of the observations fall between the limits of agreement for test and retest measurements. Together the results indicate high intra-tester reliability for the US measurement of the thickness of abdominal muscles in all the positions tested. According to the study’s findings, US imaging can be used as a reliable method for assessment of abdominal muscles activity in supine lying and the two isometric endurance tests employed, in participants with and without LBP.


      PubDate: 2014-06-10T16:40:28Z
       
  • Exercise Mode Heterogeneity Among Reported Studies of the Qigong Practice
           Baduanjin
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Kevin Antonishen
      There has not been a uniform method for the practice of Baduanjin, and most published research reports involving this set of traditional Chinese exercise have provided incomplete descriptions of the movements used for those studies. This paper reviews elements of past research methodologies of Baduanjin intervention studies and provides considerations for future research. Ambiguities and inconsistencies in the descriptions of the movements, along with some implications which arise from this are discussed.


      PubDate: 2014-06-10T16:40:28Z
       
  • Immediate improvements in activation amplitude levels of the deep
           abdominal muscle following a sacroiliac joint manipulation during rapid
           upper limb movement
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Alexandre Wesley Carvalho Barbosa , Adriana Maria Silva , Angélica Fátima Silva , Fábio Luiz Mendonça Martins , Michelle Cristina Sales Almeida Barbosa
      Objective To assess the immediate effects on the electrical activity of the transversus abdominis/internal oblique (TrA/IO) muscle during rapid voluntary upper limb movements before and after a sacroiliac joint (SIJ) manipulation. Methods Twenty healthy subjects who had innominate fixation, assessed by standing flexion test, were recruited. All subjects were submitted to SIJ manipulation and the TrA/IO muscles were evaluated bilaterally, before and after the procedure, through surface electromyography while ten random rapid upper limb flexions or abductions were performed. Normality was accepted, and the paired t-test was used to determine data differences (p<0.05). The correlations were calculated using Pearson correlation coefficient. Results All subjects presented an increase of SIJ mobility after manipulation (negative standing flexion test). Significant differences in muscle activation were noted to ipsi- and contralateral TrA/IO recruitment, prior to (A1) and after (A2) the manipulation. The A2 data were statistically greater than those in the A1. The Pearson coefficient revealed a strong correlation between the TrA/IO side and the increase in muscle activation amplitude level. Also, the data showed a moderate to strong correlation between this last variable and the moments of evaluation. Conclusion The SIJ manipulation immediately improved the electrical activity of the TrA/IO muscle during rapid voluntary upper limb movements, suggesting improved segment stability and an increment to the afferent stimuli in order to affect the motor response.


      PubDate: 2014-06-10T16:40:28Z
       
  • Are movement screens relevant for Pilates, circus or dance'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Warrick McNeill



      PubDate: 2014-06-03T15:08:35Z
       
  • The Double Knee Swing Test - a practical example of The Movement and
           Performance Matrix movement screen
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Warrick McNeill



      PubDate: 2014-06-03T15:08:35Z
       
  • Can we describe what we do'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow



      PubDate: 2014-06-03T15:08:35Z
       
  • The Teeter
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): D.C. Craig Liebenson



      PubDate: 2014-05-22T16:08:23Z
       
  • P.KolářClinical Rehabilitation2013Hardback (shipping included)
           € 109 (e-Book € 82.99). Also available: set of 2 posters
           illustrating developmental positions for DNS exercises: € 65
           (including shipping). Both available at:www.rehabps.com
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): John C. Hannon



      PubDate: 2014-05-22T16:08:23Z
       
  • Lumbopelvic muscle activation patterns in three stances under graded
           loading conditions: proposing a tensegrity model for load transfer through
           the sacroiliac joints
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Hamed Pardehshenas , Nader Maroufi , Mohammad Ali Sanjari , Mohamad Parnianpour , Stephen M. Levin
      Purpose According to the conventional arch model of the pelvis, stability of the sacroiliac joints may require a predominance of form and force closure mechanisms: the greater the vertical shear force at the sacroiliac joints, the greater the reliance on self-bracing by horizontally or obliquely oriented muscles (such as the internal oblique). But what happens to the arch model when a person stands on one leg' In such cases, the pelvis no longer has imposts, leaving both the arch, and the arch model theory, without support. Do lumbopelvic muscle activation patterns in one-legged stances under load suggest compatibility with a different model' This study compares lumbopelvic muscle activation patterns in two-legged and one-legged stances in response to four levels of graded trunk loading in order to further our understanding the stabilization of the sacroiliac joints. Methods Thirty male subjects experienced four levels of trunk loading (0%, 5%, 10% and 15% of body weight) by holding a bucket at one side, at three conditions: 1) two-legged standing with the bucket in the dominant hand, 2) ipsilateral loading: one-legged standing with the bucket in the dominant hand while using the same-side leg, and 3) contralateral loading: one-legged standing using the same leg used in condition 2, but with the bucket in the non-dominant hand. During these tasks, EMG signals from eight lumbopelvic muscles were collected. ANOVA with repeated design was performed on normalized EMG’s to test the main effect of load and condition, and interaction effects of load by condition. Results Latissimus dorsi and erector spinae muscles showed an antagonistic pattern of activity toward the direction of load which may suggest these muscles as lateral trunk stabilizers. Internal oblique muscles showed a co-activation pattern with increasing task demand, which may function to increase lumbopelvic stability (P < 0.05). No unilateral pattern of the internal obliques was observed during all trials. Conclusions Our results suggest that the lumbopelvic region uses a similar strategy for load transfer in both double and single leg support positions which is not compatible with the arch analogy. Our findings are more consistent with a suspensory system (wire-spoke wheel model). If our proposed model holds true, the pelvic ring can only be integrated by adjusting tension in the spokes and by preserving rim integrity or continuity. Thus, we propose that in order to restore tension integrity throughout the pelvic ring, efforts to unlock restrictions, muscular correction of positional faults and lumbopelvic or even respiratory exercises following sacroiliac joint dysfunctions must be taken into consideration. Our hypothetical model may initiate thinking and act as a guide to future work based on a biomechanical approach to the problem of sacroiliac joint dysfunction.


      PubDate: 2014-05-22T16:08:23Z
       
  • Myofascial origin of shoulder pain: a literature review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Stanislav Sergienko , Leonid Kalichman
      Background Shoulder pain is a common problem imposing a considerable burden on the affected person and society. Since interventions targeting traditional musculoskeletal conditions are usually only moderately effective, myofascial origin can be suggested as an alternative possible source of shoulder pain. Objectives To examine current evidence associated with myofascial origin of shoulder pain, with emphasis on diagnosis, prevalence and treatment efficacy. Methods PubMed, Google Scholar and PEDro databases were searched from inception until December 2013 for terms relating to myofascial pain in the shoulder area. Results Two studies showed a high reliability of the following diagnostic characteristics during palpation: presence or absence of the taut band, spot tenderness, jump sign, pain recognition and referred pain sensation. Three prevalence studies showed a significant greater number of active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) on the painful shoulder side. Reduced muscle strength, accelerated muscle fatigue, inconsistent muscle activation pattern under load and reduced antagonist reciprocal inhibition were found in subjects with latent MTrPs in four observational studies. Six interventional studies demonstrated the effectiveness of dry needling, myofascial manipulation, ischemic compression, laser therapy and multimodal treatment. Conclusion MTrPs in shoulder muscles is a common condition among patients with shoulder complaints and can be reliably diagnosed by palpation. The reviewed interventions seem to be effective in reducing pain, increasing range of motion and improving function of the painful shoulder.


      PubDate: 2014-05-17T06:41:25Z
       
  • Abdominal muscle strength is related to the quality of life among older
           adults with lumbar osteoarthritis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Suenimeire Vieira , Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho , Hugo Evangelista Brandino , Vânia Tie Koga Ferreira , Marcos Eduardo Scheicher
      The aim of the present study was to determine the association between abdominal muscle strength and quality of life among older adults with lumbar osteoarthritis. A blind, cross-sectional study was conducted involving 40 older adults: 20 with lumbar osteoarthritis (12 women and 8 men, mean age of 65.90 ± 4.80 years) and 20 controls (14 women and 6 men, mean age of 67.90 ± 4.60 years). The volunteers were submitted to an abdominal muscle strength test. Quality of life was evaluated using the SF-36 questionnaire. Both abdominal muscle strength and quality of life scores were significantly lower in the group with lumbar osteoarthritis in comparison to the controls (p < 0.05). Moreover, significant positive associations were found between abdominal muscle strength and the subscales of the SF-36 questionnaire (p < 0.05, 0.421 ≥ rs ≤ 0.694). Based on the present findings, older adults with lumbar osteoarthritis with greater abdominal muscle strength have a better quality of life.


      PubDate: 2014-05-17T06:41:25Z
       
  • Idiopathic scoliosis: The tethered spine II post-surgical pain
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Lucy Whyte Ferguson
      The treatment of severe chronic pain in young people following surgery for the correction of curvatures of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is presented through two case histories. Effective treatment involved release of myofascial trigger points (TrPs) known to refer pain into the spine, and treatment of related fascia and joint dysfunction. The TrPs found to be contributing to spinal area pain were located in muscles at some distance from the spine rather than in the paraspinal muscles. Referred pain from these TrPs apparently accounted for pain throughout the base of the neck and thoracolumbar spine. Exploratory surgery was considered for one patient to address pain following rod placement but the second surgery became unnecessary when the pain was controlled with treatment of the myofascial pain and joint dysfunction. The other individual had both scoliosis and hyperkyphosis, had undergone primary scoliosis surgery, and subsequently underwent a second surgery to remove hardware in an attempt to address her persistent pain following the initial surgery (and because of dislodged screws). The second surgery did not, however, reduce her pain. In both cases these individuals, with severe chronic pain following scoliosis corrective surgery, experienced a marked decrease of pain after myofascial treatment. As will be discussed below, despite the fact that a significant minority of individuals who have scoliosis corrective surgery are thought to require a second surgery, and despite the fact that pain is the most common reason leading to such revision surgery, myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) had apparently not previously been considered as a possible factor in their pain.


      PubDate: 2014-05-17T06:41:25Z
       
  • The Effects of Acute Bout of Cycling on Auditory &amp; Visual Reaction
           Times
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Zinat Ashnagar , Azadeh Shadmehr , Shohreh Jalaei
      Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an acute bout of cycling exercise on auditory choice reaction time, visual choice reaction time, auditory complex choice reaction time and visual complex choice reaction time. Methods 29 subjects were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The subjects of the experimental group carried out a single bout of submaximal cycling exercise. The auditory choice reaction time, visual choice reaction time, auditory complex choice reaction time and visual complex choice reaction times were measured before and after the exercise session. The reaction time tests were taken from the subjects by using Speed Anticipation and Reaction Tester (SART) software. In the control group, the reaction time tests were performed by the subjects with an interval of 30 minutes. Results In the experimental group, the percentage changes of mean auditory choice and complex choice reaction time values were significantly decreased in comparison with the control group (P<0.05). Although the visual choice and complex choice reaction times were decreased after the exercise, the changes were not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion An acute bout of cycling exercise improved the speed of auditory and visual reaction times in healthy young females. However, these positive changes were significantly observed only in the auditory reaction time tests in comparison with the control group.


      PubDate: 2014-05-17T06:41:25Z
       
  • The Fascia Debate
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow



      PubDate: 2014-05-01T18:17:16Z
       
  • Helene Langevin PhD responds to Editorial by Carla Stecco MD: Why are
           there so many discussions about the nomenclature of fasciae'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Helene Langevin



      PubDate: 2014-05-01T18:17:16Z
       
  • Tom Myers responds to Carla Stecco MD’s editorial: Why are there so
           many discussions about the nomenclature of fasciae'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Thomas Myers



      PubDate: 2014-05-01T18:17:16Z
       
  • Paolo Tozzi DO PT responds to editorial by Carla Stecco MD: Why are there
           so many discussions about the nomenclature of fasciae'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Paolo Tozzi



      PubDate: 2014-05-01T18:17:16Z
       
  • Robert Schleip PhD and Werner Klingler MD PhD respond to Carla Stecco MDs
           Editorial: Why are there so many discussions about the nomenclature of
           fasciae'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Robert Schleip , Werner Klingler



      PubDate: 2014-05-01T18:17:16Z
       
  • Preventive and Therapeutic Effect of Treadmill Running on Chronic
           Stress-Induced Memory Deficit in Rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Maryam Radahmadi , Hojjatallah Alaei , Mohammad Reza Sharifi , Nasrin Hosseini
      Previous results indicated that stress impairs learning and memory. In this research, the effects of preventive, therapeutic and regular continually running activity on chronic stress–induced memory deficit in rats were investigated. 70 male rats were randomly divided into seven groups as follows: Control, Sham, Stress-Rest, Rest-Stress, Stress-Exercise, Exercise-Stress and Exercise-Stress&Exercise groups. Chronic restraint stress was applied 6h/day for 21days and treadmill running 1h/day. Memory function was evaluated by the passive avoidance test. The results revealed that running activities had therapeutic effect on mid and long-term memory deficit and preventive effects on short and mid-term memory deficit in stressed rats. Regular continually running activity improved mid and long-term memory compared to Exercise-Stress group. The beneficial effects of exercise were time-dependent in stress conditions. Finally, data correspond to the possibility that treadmill running had a more important role on treatment rather than on prevention on memory impairment induced by stress.


      PubDate: 2014-04-27T04:43:50Z
       
  • Massage therapy effects in a long term prosthetic user with fibular
           hemimelia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Erika Rae Larson
      Background Individuals with lower limb amputation (LLA) commonly experience low back pain (LBP). Although massage effects on LBP are well-documented, research regarding massage for individuals with LLA is scarce. Objectives This study evaluated the effectiveness of massage therapy to promote activity level, decrease LBP, and improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a long-term prosthetic user. Methods The 50-day study consisted of two baseline sessions, seven treatment sessions that included a 50-minute massage applied to major gait muscles, and two follow-up sessions. Pedometer-measured ambulatory activity level, visual analog scale-measured pain level, and RAND-36 Health Survey 1.0-determined HRQOL were assessed. Results Pain level decreased, HRQOL increased, and no change occurred in ambulatory activity level. Conclusion For the participant, therapeutic massage intervention lead to successful LBP symptom management.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Comparison of spine motion and trunk muscle activity between abdominal
           hollowing and abdominal bracing maneuvers during prone hip extension
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Tadanobu Suehiro , Masatoshi Mizutani , Susumu Watanabe , Hiroshi Ishida , Kenichi Kobara , Hiroshi Osaka
      The aim of this study was to examine the effects of lumbopelvic stabilization maneuvers on spine motion and trunk muscle activity during prone hip extension (PHE). In this study, 14 healthy male volunteers (mean age, 21.2 ± 2.6 years) were instructed to perform PHE without any maneuvers (control), with abdominal hollowing (AH), and with abdominal bracing (AB). Surface electromyography data were collected from the trunk muscles and the lumbopelvic motion was measured. Lumbar extension and anterior pelvic tilt degree were significantly lower in the AH and AB than in the control condition during PHE (p<0.001). Lumbar extension and anterior pelvic tilt degree did not differ significantly between the AH and AB (p>0.05). Global muscle group activity such as external obliques was lower in the AH than in the AB. These findings suggest that PHE with AH effectively minimizes unwanted lumbopelvic motion which does not result in global muscle activation.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Yoga therapy and ambulatory multiple sclerosis; assessment of gait
           analysis parameters, fatigue and balance
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Senem Guner , Fatma Inanici
      Background and Objective Gait impairment, falls due to balance problems and fatigue are among the most important complaints in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and cause significant functional limitation. Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to help symptom management and to improve quality of life is growing among MS patients. Yoga is widely used as one of these CAM interventions, however, the number of studies that show the efficacy of yoga training in MS is inadequate. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of a short term yoga program on fatigue, balance and gait in patients with MS. Method Eight volunteer ambulatory MS patients with clinically definite relapsing remitting MS whose Expanded Disability Status Score (EDSS) is less than or equal to 6.0, and eight healthy subjects were included in the study. Patients participated in 12 weeks of a bi-weekly yoga program under supervision. At their baseline and after yoga therapy, the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) are used to assess fatigue and balance. Three dimensional gait analysis is done using the Vicon 612 system with six cameras and two Bertec force plates, before and after therapy. Results After short term yoga therapy, statistically significant achievements were obtained in fatigue, balance, step length and walking speed. Although sagittal plane pelvis and hip angles, ankle plantar flexor moment, powers generated at the hip and ankle joints at the pre-swing were improved, the improvements were not statistically significant. Conclusion Yoga therapy is a safe and beneficial intervention for improving fatigue, balance and spatiotemporal gait parameters in patients with MS. Further studies with a larger sample size and longer follow-up will be needed to evaluate the long term effects of yoga therapy.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Improvement of clinical and radiographical presentation of Scheuermann
           disease after Schroth therapy treatment
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Tomer Bezalel , Leonid Kalichman
      Background Scheuermann's disease is the most common cause of hyperkyphosis of the thoracolumbar spine. Few case reports have demonstrated the effectiveness of Schroth therapy in improving the thoracic angle curve in Scheuermann's patients; however, additional verification is needed. Case description A 14-year-old female patient presented with Scheuermann's disease. On x-ray, thoracic kyphosis was 55° and lumbar lordosis 55°. The self-rated cosmetic disturbance was graded 10/10 on a verbal numeric scale. The patient received a course of seven weekly Schroth therapy sessions, in addition to daily home exercises tailored specifically for the patient’s posture. Five months later, follow-up x-rays revealed thoracic kyphosis of 27° and lumbar lordosis 35°. The patient graded the degree of her cosmetic disturbance as 3/10. Conclusions Schroth therapy seems to be able to decrease the thoracic curve angle of Scheuermann's patients; however, efficacy and effectiveness of this method should be investigated in future prospective controlled clinical trials.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Thai traditional massage: efficiency-assessment OF three traditional
           massage methods on office workers: an explorative study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Pongjan Yoopat , Christophe Maess , Stefaan Poriau , Kamiel Vanwonterghem
      Thai Traditional Massage (TTM) is very popular and widely spread in Thailand. This project is aimed at studying the physiological efficiency of three popular TTM methods based on acupressure Meridian basal lines: the Sen Sib(SS) ten lines, Ratchsamnak (RS), Royal style; and Chaloeysak (CS), Folk style. Thirty healthy female administrative employees participated as patients. All were treated for 30 minutes with the 3 types of massage with a two-week interval between each treatment. Muscle strain was objectified by measuring strength and endurance with surface electromyography of muscle put under stress during office work: the M. Trapezius (static postural load) and the wrist muscles (M. flexors & extensors Carpi-Radialis) (dynamic contractions) as well as measuring the subjective Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and after the sessions. An ANOVA-statistical analysis showed that strength in shoulders was not significantly different, but some forearm fatigue was decreased significantly among the three massage techniques .


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Effectiveness of body awareness interventions in Fibromyalgia and Chronic
           Fatigue Syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Imke Courtois , Filip Cools , Joeri Calsius
      Objectives Patients with long-lasting pain problems often complain of lack of confidence and trust in their body. Through physical experiences and reflections they can develop a more positive body- and self-experience. Body awareness has been suggested as an approach for treating patients with chronic pain and other psychosomatic conditions. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness of body awareness interventions (BAI) in fibromyalgia (FM) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Methods Two independent readers conducted a search on Medline, Cochrane Central, PsycINFO, Web of knowledge, PEDro and Cinahl for randomized controlled trials. Results We identified and screened 7.107 records of which 29 articles met the inclusion criteria. Overall, there is evidence that BAI has positive effects on the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) (MD -5.55; CI -8.71 to -2.40), pain (SMD -0.39, CI -0.75 to -0.02), depression (SMD -0.23, CI -0.39 to -0.06), anxiety (SMD -0.23, CI -0.44 to -0.02) and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) (SMD 0.62, CI 0.35 to 0.90) when compared with control conditions. The overall heterogeneity is very strong for FIQ (I2 92%) and pain (I2 97%), which cannot be explained by differences in control condition or type of BAI (hands-on/hands-off). The overall heterogeneity for anxiety, depression and HRQoL ranges from low to moderate (I2 0% to 37%). Conclusions Body awareness seems to play an important role in anxiety, depression and HRQoL. Still, interpretations have to be done carefully since the lack of high quality studies.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Predictor variables for forward scapular posture including posterior
           shoulder tightness
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Ji-Hyun Lee , Heon-seock Cynn , Chung-Hwi Y , Oh-yun Kwon , Tae-Lim Yoon
      The purpose of this study was (1) to determine the relationships between the degree of forward scapular posture and the pectoralis minor index, the strength of the serratus anterior, the thoracic spine angle, and posterior shoulder tightness, and (2) to identify predictors of forward scapular posture, including posterior shoulder tightness. The study recruited eighteen subjects with forward scapular posture and objectively measured the acromion distance, the pectoralis minor index, and the strength of the serratus anterior muscle of each participant. The amount of glenohumeral horizontal adduction and internal rotation were evaluated to measure posterior shoulder tightness. There were high intra-rater reliabilities in all measurements. The measurement results showed a statistically strong negative correlation between the degree of forward scapular posture and the pectoralis minor index. They also revealed a moderate positive correlation between the degree of forward scapular posture and the thoracic spine angle and a moderate negative relationship between the degree of forward scapular posture and the amount of the glenohumeral horizontal adduction. A multiple regression analysis indicated that a total multiple regression model explained 93% of the amount of forward scapular posture. All predictor variables, including posterior shoulder tightness, should be considered while assessing, managing, and preventing forward scapular posture.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Prevalence and Correlates of Pain Interference in Older Adults:Why
           Treating the Whole Body and Mind is Necessary
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Peter Przekop , Mark G. Haviland , Keiji Oda , Kelly R. Morton
      Our study presents pain-related interference rates in a sample of community-dwelling, older adults and determines factors associated with these restrictions. Participants were 9506 respondents to the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study (66.8% female and 33.2% male; average age = 62.3 years). In this sample, 48.2% reported no pain-related interference, whereas 37.7 % reported moderate and 14.1% reported severe interference. As hypothesized, older age, female gender, lower education, financial strain, traumatic experiences, worse health, increased body mass index, poor sleep, and depressive symptoms all were associated with higher pain interference ratings (ordered logistic regression/three-level pain criterion; odds ratios p < .05). Our findings are similar to those from younger adults, and they suggest enduring effects of trauma on health and reveal the complexity of chronic pain in community dwelling, older adults.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • The neck extensor endurance test: An inter-rater reliability study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Deepak Sebastian , Raghu Chovvath , Ramesh Malladi
      Background & Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in detecting the presence of weakness of the neck extensors and differentiate the presence of weakness of the superficial versus the deep neck extensors in a symptomatic population. The presence of weakness of the neck extensors has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the cervical region. Methods 30 patients with a diagnosis of neck pain were randomly assigned and examined by two musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time, in order to determine the presence of weakness of the superficial versus the deep neck extensors. With the patient lying prone and head and neck past the edge of the table and the cervico-thoracic junction stabilized, the ability of the individual to sustain a chin tick position in neutral for 20 seconds was evaluated. A positive finding for weakness of the deep neck extensors is the ‘chin length’ increasing with neck extension, as observed on the inclinometer, indicating a dominance of the superficial extensors of the neck. Weakness of both deep and superficial neck extensors was identified by the presence of neck flexion indicating an inability to hold the head up. Inter-rater reliability was determined using the Cohen’s un-weighted kappa statistic. Results For the neck extensor endurance test, the inter-rater reliability was ‘very good’ (k=0.800,SE of kappa = 0.109, 95% CI). Conclusion The neck extensor endurance test may be incorporated as a simple yet effective test to determine the presence weakness of the neck extensors and differentiate the presence of weakness of the superficial versus the deep neck extensors in a symptomatic population. The accuracy of the NEET as a test is still debatable, as it has not been compared to a diagnostic gold standard. Based on the results of this study, we speculate the NEET may still offer an initial sense of direction for clinicians treating neck dysfunction.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • The immediate and 24-hour follow-up effect of unilateral lumbar Z-joint
           mobilisation on posterior chain neurodynamics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): G. Shankar Ganesh , Patitapaban Mohanty , Swati Smita Pattnaik
      Few studies have reported the effects of lumbar spine mobilization on neurodynamics. In a recent study, Szlezak et al, 2011 reported immediate improvement of posterior chain neurodynamics [range of passive straight leg raise (SLR)] following ipsilateral lumbar spine zygopophyseal (Z) joint mobilization. We re-duplicated the study with a 24 hour follow-up measurement. Sixty healthy college students were assigned to two groups, mobilization and control. The mobilization group received ipsilateral grade 3 Maitland mobilizations to Z joint at a frequency of 2 MHz for 3 minutes and the control group received no treatment. The SLR was measured before and after the intervention for both the groups on the day of testing and 24-hours later. Repeated measures ANOVA showed statistically significant pre to post improvement in SLR range after mobilization. The improvement was retained at 24-hours. The results of the study are consistent with Szlezak et al., 2011.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T10:04:47Z
       
  • Why are there so many discussions about the nomenclature of fasciae'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Carla Stecco



      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Effectiveness of a program of therapeutic exercises on the quality of life
           and lumbar disability in women with stress urinary incontinence
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Adriana de Carvalho Lacombe , Virginia Martello Riccobene , Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
      Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) is a common condition and can cause social isolation and decreased quality of life. The literature demonstrates that perineal exercises are effective in promoting urinary continence and lumbar stability. This uncontrolled (group) pilot study, using a pre-test-post-test design, investigated whether a weekly session of Holistic Gymnastics® conducted during a one-year period, could change outcomes in a group of twenty women diagnosed with SUI. In the first and last evaluation, the subjects underwent a clinical examination and were asked to complete two questionnaires, one regarding quality of life and the other about lumbar disability. Improvement in the quality of life was observed in nine out of ten domains. There was also an improvement in lumbar disability. These results suggest that a program with therapeutic exercises can be effective in controlling urinary incontinence and improve the quality of life and lumbar disability in woman with SUI.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Changes in sitting posture affect shoulder range of motion
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn
      Objective To assess the effect of slouched sitting on shoulder range of motion (ROM). Method 30 asymptomatic males aged between 18 and 35 years with no history of shoulder problems within the last 6 months. Shoulder ROMs in flexion and abduction as well as external rotation and internal rotation in 90° of shoulder abduction were measured while the subjects sat in 3 different sitting postures. Results There were statistically significant mean differences among the 3 sitting postures regarding thoracic kyphosis and shoulder ROMs (p < 0.001). Post hoc analyzes demonstrated significant differences in all comparisons (p < 0.001). Conclusion Changes in sitting posture affect shoulder ROMs in all directions tested. Greater changes in shoulder ROMs were associated with greater increase in thoracic kyphosis. These findings suggest that even subtle changes in thoracic kyphosis need to be considered during shoulder evaluation.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • The effects of a global postural reeducation program on an adolescent
           handball player with isthmic spondylolisthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Carlos Barroqueiro , Nuno Valente Morais
      This report describes and evaluates a physical therapy intervention in a 15-year-old male handball player with low grade isthmic spondylolisthesis and associated spinopelvic misalignment (shear–stress type). Upon examination, increased lumbar lordosis, horizontal sacrum and anterior pelvic tilting were mainly associated with altered resting length and extensibility of the iliopsoas, hip adductors and erector spinae muscles. The intervention was directed at improving the muscles resting length and extensibility balance within a global postural alignment perspective (global postural reeducation). After the treatment period, lumbar lordosis, sacral slope and anterior pelvic tilting decreased 17.2°, 16.5° and 15.1° respectively. Global postural reeducation was effective in changing spinopelvic alignment related to low grade isthmic spondylolisthesis. This treatment option should be considered as a potential nonsurgical alternative for this condition.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Anatomical structure and nerve branching pattern of the human
           infraspinatus muscle
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Philip A. Fabrizio , F. Richard Clemente
      The function of the infraspinatus muscle, critical to rotator cuff function, is dependent upon the muscle's structure and innervation pattern. The morphology of the infraspinatus muscle has been inconsistently described in the literature. Additionally, the branching pattern of the suprascapular nerve in the infraspinous fossa has not been addressed in the literature. The purposes of this study were to determine: the arrangement of the infraspinatus muscle bellies; the branching patterns of the suprascapular nerve to the infraspinatus muscle; if the infraspinatus muscle was composed the neuromuscular compartments. Forty-eight infraspinatus muscles from 24 embalmed cadavers were studied using standard dissection techniques to determine morphological characteristics and innervation patterns. Results demonstrated that the infraspinatus muscles were comprised of three separate muscular partitions with each partition residing in a thin fascial compartment but all residing deep to the posterior scapular fascia. A first order suprascapular nerve branch was present in 91.6% of superior, 100% of middle, and 70.8% of inferior partitions. A first order nerve was present in all 3 muscular compartments of the same infraspinatus muscle in 62.5% of cases. Second order nerve branches were present in 8.3% of superior, 0% of middle, and 29.2% of inferior partitions. These findings help to determine a more complete and accurate understanding of the structure of the infraspinatus muscle. A better understanding of its structure could lead to a better understanding of the function of the muscle. Such information will enable more effective rehabilitation strategies for injuries involving the infraspinatus component of the rotator cuff.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • The effect of base of support stability on shoulder muscle activity during
           closed kinematic chain exercises
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Khosro Khademi Kalantari , Simin Berenji Ardestani
      Method A total of thirty eligible subjects (17 female and 13 male, age = 22.26 ± 0.99 years, height = 170.96 ± 8.42 cm, weight = 61.63 ± 9.92 kg) were tested in six different randomly ordered positions. Surface Electromyography (EMG) was recorded from the upper trapezius (UT), lower trapezius (LT), serratus anterior (SA), long head of the biceps (LB), teres major (TM) and posterior deltoid (PD) muscles in the dominant shoulder in 6 different closed kinetic chain (CKC) positions. Objective To investigate changes in muscular activity of the shoulder muscles at different base of support stability levels. Results Muscle activity was greater in the most stable position for all muscles except UT (P < 0.01). Conclusion Shoulder muscle activity did not increase in parallel with a reduction in base of support stability in the present study.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Hybrid markerless tracking of complex articulated motion in golf swings
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Sim Kwoh Fung , Kenneth Sundaraj , Nizam Uddin Ahamed , Lam Chee Kiang , Sivadev Nadarajah , Arun Sahayadhas , Md. Asraf Ali , Md. Anamul Islam , Rajkumar Palaniappan
      Sports video tracking is a research topic that has attained increasing attention due to its high commercial potential. A number of sports, including tennis, soccer, gymnastics, running, golf, badminton and cricket have been utilised to display the novel ideas in sports motion tracking. The main challenge associated with this research concerns the extraction of a highly complex articulated motion from a video scene. Our research focuses on the development of a markerless human motion tracking system that tracks the major body parts of an athlete straight from a sports broadcast video. We proposed a hybrid tracking method, which consists of a combination of three algorithms (pyramidal Lucas-Kanade optical flow (LK), normalised correlation-based template matching and background subtraction), to track the golfer's head, body, hands, shoulders, knees and feet during a full swing. We then match, track and map the results onto a 2D articulated human stick model to represent the pose of the golfer over time. Our work was tested using two video broadcasts of a golfer, and we obtained satisfactory results. The current outcomes of this research can play an important role in enhancing the performance of a golfer, provide vital information to sports medicine practitioners by providing technically sound guidance on movements and should assist to diminish the risk of golfing injuries.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • A review of the utilization of baropodometry in postural assessment
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): José Luís Pimentel Rosário
      Postural deviations have been linked to a series of different kinds of pain and dysfunction. Since the human foot is the basis of support and propulsion for gait, and baropodometric analysis assesses dysfunctions of the feet, it may be valuable in terms of postural assessment. Therefore, the aim of this literature review was to investigate which studies have used this baropodometric equipment and how the equipment was used, as well as to discuss the scientific problems and solutions associated with the study and clinical practice of baropodometry. Twenty-eight of the 48 articles found in the Pubmed and Lilacs databases were used. The baropodometer has the potential to provide excellent research in the postural field and related areas. However, baropodometry requires standardization and an improved calibration system. Further significant scientific papers, using properly calibrated equipment, are important in order to improve the quality of the technique and display evidence of its clinical and scientific value.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • The sitting active and prone passive lag test: An inter-rater reliability
           study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Deepak Sebastian , Raghu Chovvath , Ramesh Malladi
      Background & purpose To determine inter-rater reliability in identifying a knee extension lag using the sitting active and prone passive lag test (SAPLT). Methods 56 patients with a diagnosis of knee pain were randomly assigned and independently examined by two physical therapists at a time, to determine the presence of an active or a passive extension lag at the knee. An active lag was determined by the inability of the erectly seated subject to actively extend the involved knee in maximal dorsiflexion of the ankle to the same level as the normal knee held in maximal extension and ankle in maximal dorsiflexion, as seen by the levels of the toes. A passive lag was determined by placing the subject prone with the knees just past the edge of the table and determining the high position of the heel in a fully resting extension position compared to the heel on the normal side. Results For the sitting active lag test, the inter-rater reliability was ‘good’ (Kappa 0.792, SE of kappa 0.115, 95% confidence interval). For the prone passive lag test, the inter-rater reliability was ‘good’ (Kappa 0.636, SE of kappa 0.136, 95% confidence interval). Conclusion The SAPLT may be incorporated as a simple yet effective test to determine the presence of a knee extension lag. It identifies the type of restraint, active, passive or both, and is suggestive of the most appropriate management.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Reliability of sagittal pelvic position assessments in standing, sitting
           and during hip flexion using palpation meter
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Daniel Camara Azevedo , Henrique Santos , Ricardo Luiz Carneiro , Guilherme Trivellato Andrade
      The objective of this study was to investigate reliability of assessing sagittal pelvic position using the palpation meter (PALM) in healthy subjects while sitting, standing and while in different hip flexion angles in standing. Twenty healthy subjects were assessed two times by the same examiner, with a 48-h interval between test sessions. Reliability indices of PALM measures (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM) and smallest detectable change (SDC) were calculated. ICC values showed excellent intra-rater reliability for measurements of sagittal pelvic position in standing and sitting position and for both standing hip flexion angles (ICC = .89–.96). SEM values ranged from .5° (hip flexion 90°) to 1.5° (sitting position). SDC values ranged from 1.5° (hip flexion 90°) to 4.0° (sitting position). The results of this study showed excellent intra-rater reliability for assessing sagittal pelvic position in standing, sitting and hip flexion in healthy subjects using the PALM.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Chiropractic care for foot drop due to peroneal nerve neuropathy
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Vinicius T. Francio
      Peroneal nerve palsy is the most common entrapment neuropathy in the lower extremity, and the presentation of foot drop is a frequent initial manifestation of this disorder. This condition can have a marked influence on the patient's activities of daily living, and is classified as ‘Impairment of Body Structure.’ Current literature provides little direction to its evaluation and management, and the importance to differentially diagnose the causes of foot drop. Therefore, the purpose of this case report is to describe the application of chiropractic manipulative therapy, for a 14-year-old female with an insidious onset of foot drop.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • The effects of Pilates exercise on sleep quality in postpartum women
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Farzaneh Ashrafinia , Mandana Mirmohammadali , Hamid Rajabi , Anooshirvan Kazemnejad , Khosro SadeghniiatHaghighi , Mehrnoosh Amelvalizadeh , Hui Chen
      Prolonged poor sleeping quality can decrease women's ability to perform their maternal and family duties after delivery. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a Pilates training program on sleep quality in primigravida postpartum women in a randomized clinical trial. Eighty postpartum women were randomly divided into intervention and control groups (n = 40). Home-based 30-min Pilate's exercises were started 72 h after the delivery and performed five times per week for consecutive 8 weeks. Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) prior to the intervention and 4th and 8th weeks afterwards. The intervention group showed a significant improvement in subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, daytime dysfunction and global PSQI score (P < 0.001); however, there was no difference in sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency and sleep disturbance between the groups. In conclusion, Pilates exercises appeared to improve sleep quality in primigravida postpartum women.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Yoga meets positive psychology: Examining the integration of hedonic
           (gratitude) and eudaimonic (meaning) wellbeing in relation to the extent
           of yoga practice
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Itai Ivtzan , Angeliki Papantoniou
      The present study aims to explore the existence of a relationship between the extent of yoga practice and two dimensions of psychological wellbeing: meaning in life and gratitude. Both of the variables are positive psychology constructs; there is theoretical affinity and empirical evidence that they are related to overall psychological wellbeing. One hundred and twenty four participants aged 18 years and above, with yoga experience ranging from none to over six years, responded to a number of scales. The extent of yoga practice was measured by the number of years during which individuals practiced yoga at least two times a week. Participants responded to the following scales: MLQ (Meaning in Life Questionnaire) and GQ-6 (Gratitude Questionnaire). This study hypothesised that the number of years practicing yoga would be positively correlated to the score obtained on the aforementioned scales. Positive correlations were identified between the extent of yoga practice and meaning in life and gratitude. Important implications regarding the contribution of yoga to both hedonic and Eudaimonic happiness are discussed.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Health psychology as a context for massage therapy: A conceptual model
           with CAM as mediator
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Glenn M. Hymel , Grant J. Rich
      Health psychology represents a context within which massage therapy research, education, and practice can be positioned for the mutual benefit of both. Furthermore, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) more often than not plays a mediating role in relating massage therapy to health psychology. On occasion, though, the linkage between health psychology and massage therapy can be quite direct without the mediating influence of CAM. This paper, accordingly, advances a conceptual model via both flowchart and Venn diagram displays for viewing the health psychology context for massage therapy with the possibility of CAM as a mediating factor. Attention is also given to the broad range of issues constituting contemporary health psychology as well as its correspondence to an equally diverse array of client populations and health conditions addressed in massage therapy research. Future directions in the areas of health psychology, CAM, and massage therapy are proposed with a view toward a mutual and reciprocal benefit accruing to these behavioral and health science arenas.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Strain counterstrain technique to decrease tender point palpation pain
           compared to control conditions: A systematic review
           with meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Christopher Kevin Wong , Tim Abraham , Parisa Karimi , Carly Ow-Wing
      Background Strain counterstrain (SCS) is an indirect osteopathic manipulative technique that uses passive positioning to relieve tender point (TP) palpation pain and associated dysfunction. Objective The purposes of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to 1) determine the pooled effect of SCS on TP palpation pain compared to a control condition and 2) assess the quality of the overall evidence. Data source A search conducted using the MEDLINE with AMED, PUBMED, CINAHL, and SCOPUS databases for publications from January 2002 and April 2012 yielded 29 articles for eligibility screening. Study selection Included studies were limited to randomized control trials comparing TP palpation pain after isolated SCS treatment compared to control conditions assessed with a visual analog scale. Other study designs or manipulative treatments were excluded. Data extraction Two reviewers adhered to a predetermined study protocol following current Cochrane Collaboration recommendations to independently extract the data with standardized extraction forms and assess studies for methodological quality and determine risks of bias. Results Five randomized control trials were included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The pooled effect of SCS was a reduction of TP palpation pain (p < 0.001, 95% CI −0.291 to −0.825). The overall evidence quality was low: while all studies met at least 8 of 12 methodological quality criteria, most were low quality. Conclusions This systematic review and meta-analysis found low quality evidence suggesting that SCS may reduce TP palpation pain. Future studies with larger samples of better quality studies with patient populations that assess long-term pain, impairment, and dysfunction outcomes could enrich the literature.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Whether lidocaine or dry needling should be the favored treatment after
           meta analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Lin Liu , Qiang-min Huang , Long-bing Wang



      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Static and dynamic body balance following provocation of the visual and
           vestibular systems in females with and without joint hypermobility
           syndrome
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 18, Issue 2
      Author(s): Katerina Iatridou , Dimitris Mandalidis , Efstathios Chronopoulos , George Vagenas , Spyros Athanasopoulos
      Objectives Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) is a heritable disorder of the connective tissue characterized by excessive joint movement, musculoskeletal pain and neurophysiological deficits (i.e. decreased proprioceptive acuity, altered neuromuscular reflexes). Such deficits may affect body balance thus increasing the risk of injury. The present study aimed at examining static and dynamic body balance following challenge of the visual and vestibular systems in individuals with JHS. Methods The sample consisted of 21 females with JHS and 20 controls without signs of JHS. Static body balance was assessed by the degree of anteroposterior and mediolateral deviation of the center of pressure, during 20-sec single-leg stances with eyes opened (EO), eyes closed (EC) and eyes opened with head extension (EO-HE) using a foot pressure platform. Dynamic body balance was assessed by the number of landing and balance errors committed during a multiple single-leg-hop-stabilization test. Results Nonparametric analysis showed that the JHS-group demonstrated significantly greater (a) mediolateral deviation during single-leg-stance with EO (p < 0.01), (b) mediolateral and anteroposterior deviation during single-leg-stance with EO-HE (p < 0.05), and (c) number of landing errors (p < 0.05) compared to the control group. Conclusions Poor static balance following challenge of the vestibular system may be justified by vestibular deficiency and/or insufficient proprioceptive capabilities of the neck. Impairments of dynamic balance in individuals with JHS may be attributed to proprioceptive deficits, which can alter feedforward and feedback mechanisms.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T22:00:12Z
       
  • Muscle pain and use of Statin drugs
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Leon Chaitow



      PubDate: 2014-02-21T12:14:19Z
       
  • Selected personal highlights of the 8th Interdisciplinary World Congress
           on Low Back and Pelvic Pain, Dubai, October 2013
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
      Author(s): Josephine Key



      PubDate: 2014-01-31T20:45:55Z
       
 
 
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